Volume 66 - Number 1 - Spring 2000

E. Mortality

Studies that treat quantitative mortality data analytically. Methodological studies primarily concerned with mortality are cited in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models, if necessary. The main references to crude data are in the vital statistics items in S. Official Statistical Publications.

E.1. General Mortality

Studies of overall mortality and comparisons of several types of mortality. Studies dealing with two or more of the topics listed in this division are classified under the major section covered, or, if this is not self-evident, included here under General Mortality.

No citations in this issue.

E.2. Prenatal and Perinatal Mortality

Studies dealing primarily with fetal and neonatal mortality, except those dealing with spontaneous abortions, which are classified under F.3. Sterility and Other Pathology, and those studies dealing with induced abortions, which are classified under F.4.5. Induced Abortion. Perinatal mortality is defined as mortality occurring between the twenty-eighth week of gestation and the seventh day of life.

No citations in this issue.

E.3. Infant and Childhood Mortality

Studies of infant mortality under one year of age, including neonatal mortality occurring after the seventh day of life, and childhood mortality after one year of age. The subject of infanticide, deliberate or implied, is also classified under this heading.

66:10009 Baltay, Michele; McCormick, Marie C.; Wise, Paul H. Implementation of Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR): experience from the National Healthy Start program. Maternal and Child Health Journal, Vol. 3, No. 3, Sep 1999. 141-51 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The implementation of the Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) process was examined as part of the evaluation of the national Healthy Start program, a federal program designed to reduce infant mortality in several communities [in the United States]. The implementation of the FIMR process over the 5-year funding period is described in terms of productivity, barriers and facilitators to implementation, and project expenditures.... [The] data were derived from grant continuation applications and personal interviews with program staff to produce a qualitative description.... The FIMR process provides an important opportunity to contribute to the knowledge base regarding infant mortality in these communities. The process, however, has important logistical requirements and may require substantial financial resources that may affect implementation of confidential inquiries into infant mortality and other health problems."
Correspondence: M. Baltay, Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Maternal and Child Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115. E-mail: mmccormi@hsph.harvard.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

E.4. Mortality at Other Ages

Studies of age-specific mortality and of mortality in special groups defined by age.

No citations in this issue.

E.5. Life Tables

Studies that present actual life table data and all studies concerned primarily with life tables, including the appropriate methodological studies. Life table studies that are concerned with topics other than mortality are classified under the appropriate heading and cross-referenced to this heading.

No citations in this issue.

E.6. Differential Mortality

Studies on the ratio of mortality in different subgroups of a population, classified according to certain criteria, such as sex, social class, occupation, and marital status. Also includes studies on excess mortality and comparative mortality.

66:10010 Toussaint, Danielle W.; Hummer, Robert A. Differential mortality risks from violent causes for foreign- and native-born residents of the USA. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 18, No. 6, Dec 1999. 607-20 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper examines the differences in adult violent causes (homicide, suicide, vehicle accidents, and other accidents) for mortality risks between the American foreign- and native-born adult populations, while considering the length of time lived in the USA and the influences of other socio-demographic characteristics. Data came from the National Health Interview Survey-National Death Index linked file for the years 1989-1995. Cox proportional hazards models estimate the association between nativity, length of stay, and mortality risk for each violent cause. The results show that foreign-born persons differ in their risks of violent death vis-à-vis the native-born population by the amount of the time they have lived in the USA. In particular, recent immigrants (less than 15 years) display higher risks from homicide, lower risks from suicide, and lower risks from other accidents (not vehicle) than the native-born individuals. This pattern is different for longer-term immigrants (15 or more years) who have, for the most part, similar risks from other causes of violent death compared to native-born residents."
Correspondence: D. W. Toussaint, University of Texas, Burdine Hall, Room 336, Austin, TX 78712-1088. E-mail: danielle@prc.utexas.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

E.7. Mortality by Cause

Studies of demographic relevance on causes of death. Studies of morbidity and of public health measures are included only if they relate specifically to mortality. Also included are maternal mortality and comparisons of causes.

66:10011 O'Brien, Robert M.; Stockard, Jean; Isaacson, Lynne. The enduring effects of cohort characteristics on age-specific homicide rates, 1960-1995. American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 104, No. 4, Jan 1999. 1,061-95 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"In the past decade, young people in the United States have been two to three times more likely than in the two previous decades to commit homicides, while those 25 years and older have been less likely to commit homicides than were members of their age groups in the earlier time period. These changes in youth homicide rates are associated with two cohort characteristics that are theoretically linked to criminality: relative size of cohorts and the percentage of cohort members born to unwed mothers. These effects persist throughout the life span, are independent of age and historical period, and can explain fluctuations in homicide arrest rates before the recent upturn." Data are from the United Crime Reports and concern arrest rates for the period 1960-1995.
Correspondence: R. M. O'Brien, University of Oregon, Department of Sociology, 1415 Kincaid Street, 736 PLC Building, Eugene, OR 97403-1219. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

66:10012 Ruzicka, Lado; Choi, C. Y. Youth suicide in Australia. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 16, No. 1-2, May-Nov 1999. 29-46 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"This paper reviews the incidence of youth suicide in Australia in comparison with other industrialized countries around the mid-1990s. It focuses on fatal suicides in Australia and records changes in suicide mortality levels and patterns since the 1950s. An attempt is made to estimate the global extent of the problem of suicidal behaviour (suicides plus attempted suicides). The discussion concentrates on the presumed factors associated with the recent epidemic of self-destruction among young Australian males: drug and alcohol abuse, and unemployment. Finally, some of the attempts at prevention of suicidal acts and their effectiveness are reviewed."
Correspondence: L. Ruzicka, Major's Creek, Braidwood, NSW 2622, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

66:10013 Salem, Gérard; Rican, Stéphane; Jougla, Eric. A health atlas for France. Volume 1: the causes of death. [Atlas de la santé en France. Volume 1: les causes de décès.] ISBN 2-7420-0242-1. 1999. xiii, 189 pp. John Libbey Eurotext: Montrouge, France. In Fre.
This is the first of three planned volumes presenting information, mainly in the form of maps, on spatial differences in health in France. This first volume concentrates on geographical differences in causes of death. The first part analyzes patterns of general mortality, the second part analyzes causes of death for the country as a whole, and the third part presents analyses at the regional level.
Correspondence: John Libbey Eurotext, 127 avenue de la République, 92120 Montrouge, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 2000, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.