Volume 65 - Number 4 - Winter 1999

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

65:40001 Brown, Lester R.; Gardner, Gary; Halweil, Brian. Beyond Malthus: nineteen dimensions of the population challenge. Worldwatch Environmental Alert Series, ISBN 0-393-31906-7. 1999. 167 pp. W. W. Norton: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This work is an expansion of a previous paper published in 1998 on the global population issue. The authors examine how the projected addition of 3.3 billion people to the world's population over the next 50 years will affect grain production. Chapters include: the population challenge, population growth and..., grain production, fresh water, biodiversity, energy, oceanic fish catch, jobs, infectious disease, cropland, forests, housing, climate change, materials, urbanization, protected natural areas, education, waste, conflict, meat production, income, and the emergence of demographic fatigue. The concept of "demographic fatigue" is introduced, referring to a slowdown in population growth due to rising death rates rather than declining fertility. The authors call for an immediate expansion of international family planning assistance to the millions of couples who still lack access, and new investment in young people to encourage a shift to smaller families.
For the 1998 paper referred to, see 64:40007.
Correspondence: W. W. Norton, 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10110. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40002 Dickinson, William B. The biocentric imperative: how population, environment and migration shape our future. ISBN 1-881780-23-6. 1999. xi, 179 pp. Biocentric Institute: Warrenton, Virginia. Distributed by Social Contract Press, 455 East Mitchell Street, Petoskey, MI 49770. In Eng.
This work presents a selection of essays, many of which are by the principal author, on aspects of overpopulation, and is designed for the general public rather than the specialist demographer. The essays are organized under five general topics: Population issues; Environment and quality of life; Immigration dilemmas; Cultural wars; and Malthusian misery.
Correspondence: Biocentric Institute, 7078 Airlie Road, Warrenton, VA 20187. E-mail: IAPM@crosslink.net. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40003 Dupâquier, Jacques. The population of the world in the twentieth century. [La population mondiale au XXe siècle.] Que Sais-Je?, No. 3509, ISBN 2-13-050348-9. Oct 1999. 128 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general review of global population developments over the course of the twentieth century. The focus is on the demographic transition, the differences among regions in its timing, and the impact of those differences on population size and growth in the various regions of the world. The study concludes with a brief look at the global demographic future.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, 108 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40004 Horton, Hayward D. Critical demography: The paradigm of the future? Sociological Forum, Vol. 14, No. 3, Sep 1999. 363-543 pp. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, New York. In Eng.
This issue contains a selection of articles grouped around the concept of critical demography. This concept is defined here as making "explicit the manner in which the social structure differentiates dominant and subordinate groups in society". It also involves "an open discussion and examination of the nature of power in society. Specifically, critical demography elucidates how power both affects and is impacted by demographic processes and events. Therefore, when the issue is race, racism must be addressed. Likewise, sexism must be part of the discussion when gender is the focus."
Selected items are cited elsewhere in this issue of Population Index.
Correspondence: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013-1578. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:40005 Parsons, Jack. Human population competition: a study of the pursuit of power through numbers. Symposium Series, Vol. 46, ISBN 0-7734-8372-1. LC 98-13666. 1998. xvii, 804 pp. Edwin Mellen Press: Lewiston, New York. In Eng.
This two-volume work is concerned with the problems posed by competition between and among populations for such objectives as political power or access to limited resources, and how such competition affects the modern world. A basic theme of the study is that population, resources, and the quality of life are closely interrelated. "It is impossible to increase both numbers and material resource-consumption indefinitely in a finite country on a finite earth. Insofar as population competition increases numbers it must also create greater pressure on scarce resources, thereby causing greater competition for them, sometimes leading to an increase in supplies, often leading to a decrease, either absolute or per capita. A decrease is especially likely in the case of `nonrenewable' resources. To that extent population competition may be one of the most destructive forces operating in human society."
Correspondence: Edwin Mellen Press, Box 450, Lewiston, NY 14092-0450. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40006 Potts, Malcolm; Short, Roger. Ever since Adam and Eve: the evolution of human sexuality. ISBN 0-521-47042-0. LC 98-45618. 1999. x, 358 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This is a general introduction to the topic of human sexuality. The authors "view the broad panorama of human sexual and reproductive behaviour to reveal an inextricable mixture of nature and nurture--a combination of innate actions that have evolved over the millennia to adapt us to a nomadic, hunter-gatherer lifestyle, overlain by more recent cultural constraints imposed by civilization. For each of life's milestones--love, marriage, sexual intercourse, pregnancy, birth, puberty, parenting, menopause and death--they describe the biology behind our actions and consider how pressures imposed by various historical and contemporary cultures have further influenced our behaviour. By looking back at the past, they attempt to make sense of the present, to see how and why these cultural modifications arose, how they have contributed to the richness of human sexual behaviour, and how our biological and cultural inheritance can help us to develop a more rational approach to the problems that now beset us--declining reproductive health and excessive population growth."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library.

65:40007 Russell, Claire; Russell, W. M. S. Population crises and population cycles. ISBN 0-9504066-5-1. 1999. xiv, 124 pp. Galton Institute: London, England. In Eng.
This study takes a Malthusian perspective to the analysis of human population dynamics. The authors present a series of regional and thematic case studies in order to illustrate the cyclical dimension of population dynamics first identified by Malthus, ranging from Chinese historical population crises and cycles to the modern explosion of population growth that has occurred in northwestern Europe. The authors point out that, if population continues to increase, sooner or later one of two things must happen: either the birth rate comes down or the death rate goes up. "This was Malthus' greatest discovery, and he had the supreme genius to realise that unlike animals we can choose which."
Correspondence: Galton Institute, 19 Northfields Prospect, Northfields, London SW18 1PE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40008 Schooyans, Michel. The demographic crash. From despair to hope. [Le crash démographique. De la fatalité à l'espérance.] ISBN 2-86679-275-0. 1999. 221 pp. Fayard: Paris, France. In Fre.
This work, written from a Roman Catholic perspective, is concerned with what the author perceives as the global decline in fertility and its consequences. The author first describes the "demographic crash" and identifies its causes, with attention given to developing countries as well as the developed world. Next, he analyzes the consequences of this trend. There are two chapters on the activities of the United Nations in the population field, including the various world population conferences it has organized and its efforts to reduce rates of population growth. The final chapters spell out the author's own suggestions for achieving a better future, based on reconfirming the value of human life and on overcoming the problems of global poverty by being willing to work in cooperation.
Correspondence: Libraire Arthème Fayard, 75 rue des Saints-Pères, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40009 Silliman, Jael; King, Ynestra. Dangerous intersections: feminist perspectives on population, environment, and development. ISBN 0-89608-598-8. LC 98-30801. 1999. xxiv, 283 pp. South End Press: Boston, Massachusetts. In Eng.
This book presents a selection of papers by members of the Committee on Women, Population, and the Environment (CWPE) on aspects of overpopulation. In particular, these studies examine the reasons why a variety of environmental, social, and security issues around the world are defined or presented as population problems. "We expose the people, the philosophies, the funding, and the politics behind such analyses. In short, CWPE rejects the simplistic projection of population growth as the major source of environmental degradation. We do so in order to redirect attention to the roots of the problem, while working with progressive movements to find socially just solutions. At the same time, we strongly support women's right to safe birth control and abortion as part of comprehensive health care. We take on the double challenge of combating population control forces and the anti-abortion movement, both of which seek to restrict women's reproductive freedom."
Correspondence: South End Press, 116 St. Botolph Street, Cambridge, MA 02115. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

65:40010 Caldwell, John C. Population: Explosion or implosion? Development Bulletin, No. 48, Apr 1999. 62-5 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
The author reviews worldwide demographic trends throughout the twentieth century. Topics considered include rapid population growth, containment, population decline, and thoughts about future trends.
Correspondence: J. C. Caldwell, Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Demography Program, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40011 Cherlin, Andrew J. Going to extremes: family structure, children's well-being, and social science. Demography, Vol. 36, No. 4, Nov 1999. 421-8 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"In this article I argue that public discussions of demographic issues are often conducted in a troubling pattern in which one extreme position is debated in relation to the opposite extreme. This pattern impedes our understanding of social problems and is a poor guide to sound public policies. To illustrate this thesis I use the case of social scientific research examining how children are affected by not living with two biological parents while they are growing up. Over the last decade, I maintain, most of the public, and even many social scientists, have been puzzled and poorly informed by this debate. In particular I consider Judith Wallerstein's clinically based claims of the pervasive, profound harm caused by divorce and, at the other extreme, Judith Rich Harris's reading of behavioral genetics and evolutionary psychology, which leads her to dismiss the direct effects of divorce. Neither extreme gives a clear picture of the consequences of growing up in a single-parent family or a stepfamily."
This is a revised version of the presidential address presented at the 1999 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: A. J. Cherlin, Johns Hopkins University, Department of Sociology, Baltimore, MD 21218. E-mail: cherlin@jhu.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40012 Coleman, D. A. Reproduction and survival in an unknown world: What drives today's industrial populations, and to what future? NIDI Hofstee Lecture Series, No. 5, ISBN 90-70990-78-4. 1999. 40 pp. Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI]: The Hague, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author addresses four related problems: "First, after the demographic transition, what next? Can we envisage a second demographic steady state to replace the pre-transitional equilibrium of the early modern period? Second, to see if trends in today's industrial societies are converging towards the same future or pointing to diversity. Third, whether we can discern the dominant mechanisms which drive demographic change, and thereby infer future demographic patterns. Fourth, why literate people should ever want to have any children, and if so, whether by some great convenience of nature, it should happen to be two."
Correspondence: Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40013 De Lung, Jane S. Population growth: the complicating element. In: America's demographic tapestry: baseline for the new millennium, edited by James W. Hughes and Joseph J. Seneca. 1999. 50-8 pp. Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, New Jersey. In Eng.
Some of the implications of current global demographic trends are reviewed with regard to economic development, jobs and wages, climate change, water, food, international migration, and government.
Correspondence: J. S. De Lung, Population Resource Center, 15 Roszel Road, Princeton, NJ 08540. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40014 Langford, C. M. "Freedom" from a demographer's standpoint. In: LSE on freedom: a centenary anthology, edited by Eileen Barker. ISBN 1-56000-976-4. LC 97-3860. 1997. 262-74 pp. Transaction Publishers: New Brunswick, New Jersey/London, England; London School of Economics and Political Science: London, England. In Eng.
Some instances in which demographers should be concerned with issues of freedom are examined. These include situations in which constraints on freedom have been or might be justified on demographic grounds, or where constraints might have important demographic implications. The focus is on mortality and fertility, with the emphasis on fertility. The issue of whether people should always be free to practice contraception regardless of the demographic goals of their respective governments is considered. The author also discusses whether parents have the right to decide on the sex of their children, as well as the right of governments to implement programs of coercive fertility control. Finally, he also asks the question: "If it is not the state that determines fertility, who is to exercise the freedom? Is it the family, the couple or the woman?"
Correspondence: C. M. Langford, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, Aldwych, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library.

65:40015 Massey, Douglas S. What critical demography means to me. Sociological Forum, Vol. 14, No. 3, Sep 1999. 525-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author makes the case that there is no conflict between the roles of social scientist and social critic, and that demographers need not only to undertake original research but to disseminate the results of that research to the widest possible audience. Such dissemination can take place in various ways, including willingness to offer public testimony on issues on which the individual concerned has expert knowledge, responding to requests for information from reporters, using the Internet, and writing books and articles for the general public.
Correspondence: D. S. Massey, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Sociology, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:40016 McMichael, Tony. Overpopulation, overconsumption. British Medical Journal, Vol. 319, No. 7215, Oct 9, 1999. 931-1,014 pp. British Medical Association: London, England. In Eng.
This special issue is devoted to aspects of global overpopulation and overconsumption. Apart from seven articles cited elsewhere in this issue, there are three relevant editorials: Contrasting views on human population growth, by A. J. McMichael, J. Guillebaud, and Maurice King; Impediments to effective fertility reduction, by Tim Black; and The population policy pendulum, by Malcolm Potts.
Selected items are cited elsewhere in this issue of Population Index.
Correspondence: British Medical Journal, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9JR, England. E-mail: editor@bmj.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

65:40017 Mirza'i, Mohammad S. Demographic transition: its causes and consequences. Nameye Olum-e-Ejtema'i/Journal of Social Sciences, No. 12, Fall-Winter 1998-1999. 69-89 pp. Tehran, Iran. In Per. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses the causes and consequences of demographic transition, with a focus on the contributions of fertility, mortality, and migration.
Correspondence: M. S. Mirza'i, Shahid Beheshti University, Evin, 19834 Teheran, Iran. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40018 Population Reference Bureau [PRB] (Washington, D.C.). World population: more than just numbers. 1999. 16 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a general introduction to the global population situation. It consists of a series of short descriptions of how various aspects of population affect the modern world. There are sections on population numbers, population growth, life expectancy, age distribution, migration, women's lives, environmental issues, geographical differences, and the future.
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. E-mail: popref@prb.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40019 Schwarz, Karl. Revisiting a demographic revolution. Survival and death, number of children, marriage, households and families, educational level, and employment of the population in Germany in the twentieth century, reflected by population statistics. [Rückblick auf eine demographische Revolution. Überleben und Sterben, Kinderzahl, Verheiratung, Haushalte und Familien, Bildungsstand und Erwerbstätigkeit der Bevölkerung in Deutschland im 20. Jahrhundert im Spiegel der Bevölkerungsstatistik.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 24, No. 3, 1999. 229-79 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
This is a summary, aimed at a broad audience, of demographic developments in Germany over the course of the twentieth century, and the challenges they present for the future. Without continued immigration, the population will continue to decrease at an accelerating rate. Pronatalist policies may be strengthened and further integration of foreigners may be implemented to counter this trend. Demographic aging will continue, and the resulting societal issues will have to be faced. Households are diminishing in size; this may prompt implementation of a more durable social safety net outside the family. Finally, the labor market will challenge Germans to become more flexible in their employment options.
Correspondence: K. Schwarz, Klopstockstraße 14, 65187 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40020 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York). Population growth, structure and distribution: the concise report. No. ST/ESA/SER.A/181, Pub. Order No. E.99.XIII.15. ISBN 92-1-151338-3. 1999. v, 41 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a summary report on global population trends prepared for the UN Population Commission. It contains sections on population growth and its components; changing population age structures; population distribution, urbanization, and internal migration; and population growth, economic growth, poverty, food, and the environment. There is also an annex on data collection, availability, and quality.
Correspondence: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, DC2 1950, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40021 van Dalen, Hendrik P.; Henkens, Kène. How influential are demography journals? Population and Development Review, Vol. 25, No. 2, Jun 1999. 229-51, 405, 407-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This article examines, by means of citation analysis for the years 1991-95, the process of knowledge dissemination in demography journals and the intellectual exchange of demography journals with neighboring social sciences. In addition, it investigates the degree of uncitedness in demography journals. It turns out that a considerable percentage of articles are left uncited.... However, these overall uncitedness rates conceal large variations between journals. General-oriented demography journals from the U.S. are well cited. Within the set of demography journals, knowledge flows from general to specialized journals and to a lesser extent the other way around."
Correspondence: H. P. van Dalen, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

65:40022 Abernethy, Virginia D. Population dynamics revisited: lessons for foreign aid and U.S. immigration policy. In: People and their planet: searching for balance, edited by Barbara S. Baudot and William R. Moomaw. 1999. 143-56 pp. St. Martin's Press: New York, New York; Macmillan Press: Basingstoke, England. In Eng.
In challenging the theory that population growth is an effect of underdevelopment, the author suggests that human societies normally develop the cultural mechanisms to keep their population size in balance with the carrying capacity of their environment, and that development is likely to be destabilizing and lead to surges in population growth because it disturbs the average person's understanding that well-being is optimized by limiting family size. She also suggests that development assistance designed to help alleviate poverty can have harmful effects by causing misconceptions about economic opportunity and encouraging high levels of fertility, as can opportunities to emigrate to countries with more developed economies. She notes that actual family size in most societies is closely linked to the number of children that people want, and that overpopulation is essentially a local problem, which can only be resolved when people realize that local resources are limited or even shrinking and seek to limit their fertility accordingly.
Correspondence: V. D. Abernethy, Vanderbilt University, Department of Psychiatry, Nashville, TN 37235. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40023 Bock, John. Evolutionary approaches to population: implications for research and policy. Population and Environment, Vol. 21, No. 2, Nov 1999. 193-222 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Evolutionary theory is becoming an increasingly important perspective in many social science disciplines. Ironically, the impact of evolutionary theory has been minimal in the study of human population although among the social sciences it is in demography and related fields that evolutionary approaches would be most appropriate. In this paper I review varying perspectives within evolutionary theory, proceeding to a brief review of theoretical paradigms within the field of demography. I then examine how evolutionary perspectives can interface with these theories, showing how evolutionary approaches elaborate, strengthen, and unify these outlooks. Lastly, I explore the implications of evolutionary approaches for research and policy."
Correspondence: J. Bock, University of New Mexico, Department of Anthropology, Human Evolutionary Ecology Program, Albuquerque, NM 87131. E-mail: jbock@unm.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40024 Burch, Thomas K. Computer modelling of theory: explanation for the 21st century. Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper, No. 99-4, ISBN 0-7714-2180-X. Mar 1999. 23 pp. University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre: London, Canada. In Eng.
"The words theory, model, and explanation are used in different ways by different writers.... The question of which view of theory, models, and explanation is the `correct' view seems less relevant than the question of which view promises to be more fruitful for mainstream social science. In this paper I argue the fruitfulness of an approach to theory building, [computer] modelling, and explanation...."
Correspondence: University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40025 Caldwell, John C. The strengths and limitations of demography, and the works of W. D. Borrie. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 12, No. 1, May 1995. 1-14 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"This lecture examines the nature of demography and how the work of W. D. Borrie relates to it. The principal topics are: the meaning of `demography', changes in the discipline, the uniqueness of demography, population theories and ideologies, and the writings of W. D. Borrie."
Correspondence: J. C. Caldwell, Australian National University, Health Transition Centre, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40026 Carter, Anthony T. Cultural models and demographic behaviour. In: The methods and uses of anthropological demography, edited by Alaka M. Basu and Peter Aaby. 1998. 246-67 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
In this theoretical study, the author examines the question of the relative importance of culture or agency, defined as rational decision making isolated from context, with respect to changes in fertility. The focus is on the material included in the 1983 collective work "The Determinants of Fertility in Developing Countries", edited by Rodolfo A. Bulatao and Ronald D. Lee. "My intent...is to outline a critique of one pervasive feature of social theory and to point to an alternative. The argument has three parts. In the first two parts, I review and then criticize concepts of agency and culture common to demography and anthropology as well as other social science disciplines. In the third part, I briefly outline and discuss two alternative approaches which may help us overcome the separation of agency and culture, putting fertility in context."
Correspondence: A. T. Carter, University of Rochester, Department of Anthropology, Wilson Boulevard, Rochester, NY 14627. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40027 Ferdinand, Ursula. Malthusianism and neo-Malthusianism: on the origins and changes in a concept. [Malthusianismus und Neomalthusianismus: Zu Entstehung und Wandel eines Konzepts.] In: Demographie und Politik, edited by Jürgen Dorbritz and Johannes Otto. 1999. 275-92 pp. Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
The differences between Malthusian and neo-Malthusian theory are discussed, especially as they pertain to sexual ethics. Following an overview of Malthus's population theory, its revisions are discussed and the creation of neo-Malthusianism, together with its new code of sexual ethics, is examined. The neo-Malthusian movement around the turn of the century is described, and its eugenic aspects are noted. Finally, the position of Margaret Sanger and other feminists with respect to the movement is addressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40028 Friedlander, Dov; Okun, Barbara S.; Segal, Sharon. The demographic transition then and now: processes, perspectives, and analyses. Journal of Family History, Vol. 24, No. 4, Oct 1999. 493-533 pp. Thousand Oaks, California. In Eng.
"Fifty years have passed since the post-World War II development of demography as an academic field. During this time, one of the central focuses on research has been the study of demographic and fertility transitions. The authors review a selection of research developments and analytic issues that have appeared in the literature. After presenting, in roughly chronological order, the general development of this research work, they raise questions concerning theory and methodology. In doing so, they argue that some research directions have been overemphasized to the neglect of others."
Correspondence: D. Friedlander, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Population Studies, Mount Scopus, 91905 Jerusalem, Israel. E-mail: dovfri@vms.huji.ac.il. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40029 Hern, Warren M. How many times has the human population doubled? Comparisons with cancer. Population and Environment, Vol. 21, No. 1, Sep 1999. 59-80 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Along with decreasing doubling times as a function of increasing rates of population growth over the past several thousand years, the human species has shown striking parallels with a malignant growth.... At 6 billion, the number of doublings reached by the human population as of 1998 is 32.5, with the 33rd doubling (8.59 billion) expected early in the next century.... [My] observations support the hypothesis that the human species has become a malignant process on the planet that is likely to result in the equivalent, for humans, of ecosystem death, or at least in a radical transformation of the ecosystem, the early phases of which are being observed."
Correspondence: W. M. Hern, 1130 Alpine, Boulder, CO 80304. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40030 Immerman, Ronald S.; Mackey, Wade C. A model of hominid evolution as a partial function of sexually transmitted diseases. Mankind Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 1, Fall 1999. 3-39 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Three bio-cultural features of existing humans must have had an evolutionary history. These features are (1) a reduced sexual dimorphism, (2) the systematic non-random paternal provisioning of particular women and children, and (3) human vulnerability to a wide array of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). It is argued that these three features may have been interrelated for a long time. Fisher's model of the `sex contract'--an exchange of sexual exclusivity for preferential provisioning and protection--is reviewed within the dual contexts of (i) the transition from a multiple partner reproductive strategy to a pair-bonding reproductive strategy and (ii) the negative impact of sexually transmitted diseases upon human fertility."
Correspondence: R. S. Immerman, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40031 Khalatbari, Parviz. Demographic transition--the process of interrupting the continuity of population dynamics. [Demographische Transition--der Prozeß der Unterbrechung der Kontinuität in der Bevölkerungsbewegung.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 24, No. 1, 1999. 29-45 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author argues that demographic transition, though rare, is an intrinsic part of demographic processes over time and marks the transformation of one type of reproductive process into another. This transformation is heralded by the gradual erosion of the existing equilibrium between the determinants of population change, and the gradual development of a new equilibrium. "In this period of transition, population change resembles neither the old type nor the approaching new one. Population change within the period of transition has its own character and its own inherent laws."
Correspondence: P. Khalatbari, Gesellschaft für Demographie, Parkaue 3, 10367 Berlin, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40032 Khalatbari, Parviz. Two hundred years of controversy over a pamphlet. [Zweihundert Jahre Kontroverse um ein Pamphlet.] Utopie Kreativ, No. 99, Jan 1999. 20-31 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Ger.
This is a discussion of three revisions of Malthus's Essay on the Principle of Population, published 200 years ago. After summarizing the main points, the author examines how Malthus's ideas have fared to the present day. He suggests that Malthus's main error was not recognizing that human fertility has social as well as biological determinants. The author points out, however, that Malthus's method of creating a model and applying it to complex phenomena such as population dynamics remains valuable to this day. Finally, he suggests that Malthus came to faulty conclusions in part because he failed to foresee the impact of industrialization on human society.
Correspondence: P. Khalatbari, Gesellschaft für Demographie, Parkaue 3, 10367 Berlin, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40033 Khalatbari, Parviz; Otto, Johannes. Two hundred years of Malthus. On the occasion of the two-hundredth anniversary of the publication of "An essay on the principle of population; as it affects the future improvement of society with remarks on the speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and other writers" [200 Jahre Malthus. Aus Anlaß des 200. Jahrestages der Veröffentlichung von: "An essay on the principle of population; as it affects the future improvement of society with remarks on the speculations of Mr. Godwin, M. Condorcet, and other writers"] Materialien zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft, No. 96, 1999. 99 pp. Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
This is a collection of papers presented at a 1998 conference in Berlin, Germany, marking the two-hundredth anniversary of the publication of Malthus's Essay on the Principle of Population. This collection includes the following papers: A critical analysis of Malthus's teaching, by Parviz Khalatbari; The perennial myth of Malthus, by Rainer Mackensen; Malthusianism, neo-Malthusianism, and population studies, by Peter Marschalck; Population and social issues in middle-class society--on the reception of Malthus's theory after 100 years, by Jürgen Cromm; The race between stork and plough, by Josef Schmid; and Süßmilch and Malthus: on opposing views, the mega-cities of the future, and the increase in population, by Eckart Elsner.
Correspondence: Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung, Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 4, Postfach 5528, 65180 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40034 Kreager, Philip. The limits of diffusionism. In: The methods and uses of anthropological demography, edited by Alaka M. Basu and Peter Aaby. 1998. 298-322 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The traditional diffusion theory on which much of demographic transition theory is based is challenged in this paper. The author uses "the example of changes in African marriage systems to illustrate the great openendedness of diffusion outcomes and to underline that diffusion does not mean merely imitation or adoption, or even rejection. He also uses this example to highlight the great potential for anthropological demography to contribute to a new diffusion theory more suited to understanding demographic change. Such an approach would focus on the ways in which larger factors constrain the diffusion process as well as the ways in which these constraints themselves are bent or circumvented, with the result that outcomes cannot be comfortably predicted in any generalized way."
Correspondence: P. Kreager, University of Oxford, Pauling Centre for Human Sciences, Wellington Square, Oxford 0X1 2JD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40035 Mackensen, Rainer. Theoretical notes on the concept of transition. [Theoretische Notizen zum Konzept der Transition.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 24, No. 1, 1999. 5-28 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"At the occasion of the death of Kingsley Davis, the author sets out to find out why his idea of a 'demographic transition' introduced in 1945 was adopted as a term but not as a concept.... He discusses the papers presented at an international seminar in the GDR in 1980 and arrives at the conclusion that...only three of nine papers concerned with theory actually call into question the formal scheme of 'demographic transition'.... Khalatbari...presents a sophisticated theory of transition which is just as comprehensive as it is modern: it covers demographic history in its entirety and not just that of the last two centuries. It is applicable to both Europe and developing countries and is in line...with current theories of both evolutionary biology and human ecology.... There is thus no shortage of material for a theoretical discussion."
Correspondence: R. Mackensen, Regensburger Straße 20, 14612 Falkensee, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40036 Malthus, Thomas R. An essay on the principle of population. Great Minds Series, ISBN 1-57392-255-2. LC 98-31693. 1998. ix, 396 pp. Prometheus Books: Amherst, New York. In Eng.
This is a reprint of Robert Malthus's study on the principle of population, which was originally published in 1798. The basic argument is that "population, when unchecked, tends to increase faster than the availability of subsistence: therefore, preventive checks on population increase are necessary."
Correspondence: Prometheus Books, 59 John Glenn Drive, Amherst, NY 14228-2197. E-mail: marketing@prometheusbooks.com. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

65:40037 Michel, Harald. The concept of population in the era of mercantilism. [Der Bevölkerungsgedanke im Zeitalter des Merkantilismus.] Edition IFAD, No. II, Oct 1997. 33 pp. Institut für Angewandte Demographie: Berlin, Germany. In Ger.
Concepts surrounding population from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century in Western Europe are analyzed. In general, the theory was that the larger a state's population, the better, since it would be capable of greater economic productivity. The author presents varied German, French, and English source material to illustrate his points.
Correspondence: Institut für Angewandte Demographie, Sophienstraße 3, 10178 Berlin, Germany. E-mail: ifad@ifad.b.shuttle.de. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40038 Prskawetz, A.; Feichtinger, G.; Luptacik, M.; Milik, A.; Wirl, F.; Hof, F.; Lutz, W. Endogenous growth of population and income depending on resource and knowledge. European Journal of Population/Revue Européenne de Démographie, Vol. 14, No. 4, 1998-1999. 305-31 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"Though endogenous growth theory has addressed the puzzle of how to explain differences in growth rates--by introducing technological change as endogenously evolving out of the economic environment--it is still restrictive in the sense that it neglects the endogeneity of demographic and environmental variables. The purpose of this paper is to add these variables to the topic of endogenous growth theory and to investigate the effects on long term sustainable development. While most studies are usually concerned with linearized dynamics and stationary states of the dynamics system, we investigate the resulting nonlinear dynamic interactions using phase space concepts and local bifurcation theory."
Correspondence: A. Prskawetz, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Doberaner Straße 114, 18057 Rostock, Germany. E-mail: Fuernkranz@demogr.mpg.de. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40039 Riley, Nancy E. Challenging demography: contributions from feminist theory. Sociological Forum, Vol. 14, No. 3, Sep 1999. 369-97 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Demography as a field has made limited progress in its work on understanding the role of gender in demographic change for several reasons. This paper explores the theoretical, methodological, and political influences on this understanding. For example, demography can be seen as a field that because of its stability and resources, has not been forced into the `crises' that might force it to question its assumptions and methodologies; it has not developed a tradition of reflexivity, one which might address alternative approaches to this and other issues, such as the political nature of population work. In addition, partly because of a reliance on certain kinds of methodological approaches, demographers tend to use measures of gender that reflect individual characteristics rather than those that allow understanding of gender at a larger level, or provide information beyond the individual. The result is a particular approach to gender within demographic studies. Feminist theoretical approaches to gender could contribute to the field and the study of population change in general in several key ways."
Correspondence: N. E. Riley, Bowdoin College, Department of Sociology/Anthropology, Brunswick, ME 04011. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:40040 Rohrbasser, Jean-Marc. William Petty (1623-1687) and the calculation of the doubling of the population. [William Petty (1623-1687) et le calcul du doublement de la population.] Population, Vol. 54, No. 4-5, Jul-Oct 1999. 693-706 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"In his Other Essay of Political Arithmetic (1682), William Petty speculates about the doubling of the population. He estimates the speed of growth of London's population and, more generally, of the population of the entire planet. After having carried out some curious forecasting calculations based on biblical chronology, he demonstrates the variability of this speed of growth. This fundamental thesis was by no means self-evident to minds imbued with theology and intent on identifying consistency and linearity in demographic phenomena. The course followed by Petty, who was a physician, not a theologian, is certainly indicative of a fascination with numbers, but it also provides an illustration of how the history of sciences sometimes follows unlikely paths to discover elements of truth."
Correspondence: J.-M. Rohrbasser, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: rohrbass@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40041 Senior, Nassau W. Two lectures on population, and the correspondence between the author and the Rev. T. R. Malthus. [Due lezioni sulla populazione, con l'aggiunta di una corrispondenza tra l'autore ed il reverendo T. R. Malthus.] ISBN 88-491-0961-X. 1997. 80 pp. Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice [CLUEB]: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
This is an Italian translation of Nassau William Senior's two Oxford lectures in 1828. Senior, a political economist at Oxford and King's College, London, proposed an interpretation of demographic development that ran counter to the theories of Malthus in that it linked economic development and social conditions to the rate of population growth. The correspondence between Senior and Malthus is included in this volume, as is an introduction by Raffaele Lungarella.
Translated from English into Italian by Pietro Crocioni and Raffaele Lungarella.
Correspondence: Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice Bologna, Via Marsala 24, 40126 Bologna, Italy. E-mail: www.clueb.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40042 Sokoll, Thomas. Population growth and industrialization: England's individual path through the "demographic transition" [Bevölkerungswachstum und Industrialisierung: der englische Sonderweg im "demographischen Übergang"] In: Demographie und Politik, edited by Jürgen Dorbritz and Johannes Otto. 1999. 293-310 pp. Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
The author argues that the model of demographic transition originated by Notestein and Davis should no longer be used. Using the example of England between 1541 and 1981, he shows that the patterns posited by the model do not apply. He points out the significant variation in demographic variables in the pre-transition period, focusing especially on the steep increase in fertility rates in the mid-eighteenth century to early nineteenth century, which he links to increased employment, and the mortality decline at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century, which he links to a rise in the standard of living rather than to improvements in medicine.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

65:40043 Anarfi, John K. Anthropological perspectives on migration in Africa. In: The methods and uses of anthropological demography, edited by Alaka M. Basu and Peter Aaby. 1998. 199-222 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The contribution that anthropology can make to the study of migration is explored in the context of migration in Africa. The emphasis is on those aspects of migration to which non-demographic approaches can make the most significant contribution, such as the economic impact of migration, its impact on health, and its impact on sexual behavior. Attention is given to the contribution of anthropological methods to the study of the migration decision-making process.
Correspondence: J. K. Anarfi, University of Ghana, Institute of Statistical, Social, and Economic Research, Legon, Ghana. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40044 Basu, Alaka M.; Aaby, Peter. The methods and uses of anthropological demography. International Studies in Demography, ISBN 0-19-829337-2. LC 98-6176. 1998. x, 329 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
This collective work is the outcome of a workshop on anthropological demography organized by the IUSSP in Barcelona, Spain, in November 1993. It "takes stock of the current status of the comparatively new discipline of `Anthropological Demography', and discusses its major methods, its main strengths, and its chief limitations. It includes contributions from both mainstream demographers and anthropologists, all stressing the necessity of a shared agenda for each discipline to progress successfully and avoid marginalization."
Selected items are cited elsewhere in this issue of Population Index.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40045 Cabrera Trimiño, Gilberto J. Population, geography, and economy: universality, totality, and eco-interdependence. [Población, geografía y economía: universidad, totalidad y ecointerdependencia.] ISBN 959-7005-13-1. Jan 1997. 131 pp. Universidad de la Habana, Centro de Estudios Demográficos [CEDEM]: Havana, Cuba. In Spa.
This is a general study on the interrelationships among economic, ecological, geographical, and demographic factors in the development process. The geographical focus is worldwide.
Correspondence: Universidad de la Habana, Centro de Estudios Demográficos, Avenida 41 Número 2003, Playa 13, Havana, Cuba. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40046 Caldwell, John C.; Orubuloye, I. O.; Caldwell, Pat. Methodological advances in studying the social context of AIDS in West Africa. In: The methods and uses of anthropological demography, edited by Alaka M. Basu and Peter Aaby. 1998. 22-38 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors outline an anthropological-demographic approach, developed during fertility studies in Ghana and Nigeria in the 1960s and 1970s. The authors modified the methodology to study the sensitive topics of sexual networking and the spread of AIDS in Africa. They describe such research in Nigeria and Ghana, and among specific high-risk groups.
Correspondence: J. C. Caldwell, Australian National University, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, G.P.O. Box 4, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40047 Cleland, John; Kaufmann, Georgia. Education, fertility, and child survival: unravelling the links. In: The methods and uses of anthropological demography, edited by Alaka M. Basu and Peter Aaby. 1998. 128-52 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The major purpose of this paper is to examine how anthropological methods can contribute to a greater understanding of how education affects demographic outcomes, particularly fertility and mortality. The geographical focus is on developing countries and many of the data are taken from Demographic and Health Surveys. The authors suggest that the anthropological approach may be more useful in analyzing values and attitudes toward family size and fertility regulation than in the study of child mortality.
Correspondence: J. Cleland, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Centre for Population Studies, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40048 Foner, Nancy. Anthropology and the study of immigration. American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 42, No. 9, Jun-Jul 1999. 1,268-70 pp. Thousand Oaks, California. In Eng.
"Although hardly a groundswell, the growing number of anthropologists involved in immigration research in [the United States] is beginning to have an impact on the field. As even the most remote cultures become incorporated into, and influenced by, global economies and cultures--and as `classic' anthropological peoples like the Nuer or Sherpa move to American cities--it is becoming more acceptable, and respectable, for anthropologists to study immigrants in the United States as their first research."
Correspondence: N. Foner, State University of New York, College at Purchase, Department of Anthropology, Purchase, NY 10577. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40049 Kaufmann, Georgia. Kinship structures, marriage systems, and reproductive behaviour: the use of anthropology and demography in a Brazilian case study. In: The methods and uses of anthropological demography, edited by Alaka M. Basu and Peter Aaby. 1998. 107-27 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
Some of the commonalities and divergences that the two disciplines of demography and anthropology share with regard to the study of the demography of the family are examined in the context of the author's fieldwork in Brazil. The focus is on the significance of marital status among poor, urban women and the impact of marital status on reproductive behavior and fertility.
Correspondence: G. Kaufmann, University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton BN1 9RE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40050 Knodel, John. Using qualitative data for understanding old-age security and fertility. In: The methods and uses of anthropological demography, edited by Alaka M. Basu and Peter Aaby. 1998. 57-80 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
Using his experience in Thailand, the author examines the contribution that qualitative data generated from focus group discussions can make toward a better understanding of the relationship between fertility and the need for security in old age. The focus group data are from a project carried out with the Institute for Population and Social Research at Mahidol University in 1982 and 1983 on the determinants of the fertility decline, and from the University of Michigan Comparative Study of the Elderly in Asia carried out in 1990-1991. The topics discussed included expectations for support from children in old age. The value of supplementing the quantitative data obtained through surveys with qualitative data of this kind is stressed.
Correspondence: J. Knodel, University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 426 Thompson Street, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40051 Rockett, Ian R. H. Population and health: an introduction to epidemiology. Population Bulletin, Vol. 54, No. 4, Dec 1999. 44 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This publication provides an introduction to the concept of epidemiology, defined as the "study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems." There are chapters on its auspicious origins, demographic and epidemiologic transitions, disease models, compiling epidemiologic evidence, finding patterns (descriptive epidemiology), and searching for cause (analytic epidemiology).
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. E-mail: popref@prb.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40052 Roth, Eric A. Proximate and distal variables in the demography of Rendille pastoralists. Human Ecology, Vol. 27, No. 4, Dec 1999. 517-36 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Following the widespread application and success of Bongaarts' proximate fertility framework in the 1980s, anthropologists and demographers have shown increased interest in the delineation of distal fertility variables, alternatively called 'higher-order' by cultural ecologists or 'ultimate' variables by evolutionary ecologists. This shift in focus raises at least four immediate issues: (1) confusion over the role and effect of culture on individual members' behavior, (2) whether the individual or the group forms the basic unit of analysis, (3) discordance between external and internal perspectives of demographic regimes, and (4) difficulty comparing and evaluating quantitative survey-based data with qualitative information derived from focus groups or key informants. This paper presents one approach to dealing with these problems, featuring the assessment of anthropological and demographic data collected for Rendille pastoralists of northern Kenya, a group long cited in both anthropological and demographic literature as regulating their fertility in relation to ecological factors."
Correspondence: E. A. Roth, University of Victoria, Department of Anthropology, P.O. Box 3050, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P5, Canada. E-mail: ericroth@uvic.ca. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:40053 van der Geest, Sjaak. Participant observation in demographic research: fieldwork experiences in a Ghanaian community. In: The methods and uses of anthropological demography, edited by Alaka M. Basu and Peter Aaby. 1998. 39-56 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
Using his personal experience while engaged in a research project in Ghana over a two-year period, the author makes the case that research results obtained from using the quantitative approach associated with demography can be greatly enhanced by adding the qualitative methods used in anthropology. In particular, he describes how the ethnographic interview, participation, observation, and introspection are the tools that the anthropologist needs to use when undertaking demographic research. He maintains that survey research alone cannot handle such sensitive subjects as sex and reproduction, and that the anthropological approach is necessary to interpret quantitative data effectively.
Correspondence: S. van der Geest, University of Amsterdam, Anthropological Sociological Center, Medical Anthropology Unit, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40054 Waters, Mary C. Sociology and the study of immigration. American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 42, No. 9, Jun-Jul 1999. 1,264-7 pp. Thousand Oaks, California. In Eng.
"I will review three issues here. They are the relationship between immigration and the study of race, the problem of being inter-disciplinary when there exists a hierarchy of disciplines in which some are valued more than others, and the problem of managing a career within a discipline when one's work strays outside of disciplinary boundaries."
Correspondence: M. C. Waters, Harvard University, Department of Sociology, William James Hall, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

65:40055 Groenewold, George; Navaneetham, Kannan. The projection of populations: data appraisal, basic methods and applications. Population and Sustainable Development Teaching Texts, 1998. vi, 114 pp. Centre for Development Studies: Thiruvananthapuram, India. In Eng.
This is a teaching text on population projections. Its three main objectives are that: "1. The course participant will have gained insight in some main conceptual and methodological issues that form the foundation of projections. 2. The course participant will have gained insight in the main preparatory stage and follow-up activities such as the collection, processing, appraisal and adjustment of projection input data, projection methods, and the evaluation and policy implications of the projections results. [and] 3. The course participant will have a basic understanding of how, with help of user-friendly projection software, simple projections of population categories can be made." The geographical focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: Centre for Development Studies, Prasanthnagar Road, Ulloor, Thiruvananthapuram 695 011, Kerala, India. E-mail: sscds@ren.nic.in. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40056 Heigl, Andreas. Introduction to demography using personal computers. [Einführung in die Demographie am PC.] Materialien zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft, No. 92, 1999. 76 pp. Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
This teaching aid introduces basic demographic concepts and calculations and includes practical exercises using Microsoft Excel. Subjects covered include population structure, age and sex distribution, fertility rates by period and cohort, timing of births, mortality, life tables, and demographic projections and predictions.
Correspondence: Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung, Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 4, Postfach 5528, 65180 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40057 Sharma, Rajendra K. Demography and population problems. 1997. [295] pp. Atlantic Publishers and Distributors: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is intended as a basic introductory textbook in demography designed primarily for undergraduate studies in India. There are chapters on relations with other disciplines, population theories, methods and sources of data, world population growth and trends, the development of demography in India, size and characteristics of the Indian population, mortality, fertility, migration, urbanization, labor force, unemployment, population problems, family planning and family welfare, and population policies.
Correspondence: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, B-2 Vishal Enclave, Najafgarh Road, New Delhi 110 027, India. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

65:40058 Società Italiana di Statistica [SIS] (Rome, Italy). Demography, probability, statistics in school. [Demografia, probabilità, statistica a scuola.] Induzioni, Vol. 14, 1997. 201 pp. Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali: Pisa, Italy. In Ita.
This issue contains several contributions focusing on the teaching of demography in schools. They cover the following topics: Is there demographic software appropriate for school use?; European experience with teaching demography in schools; Gender and population--curriculum ideas; Is teaching demography in Italian schools possible and realistic?; and Ways to teach demography in school.
Correspondence: Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali, Casella Postale n. 1, Succ. n. 8, 56123 Pisa, Italy. E-mail: iepi@sirius.pisa.it. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40059 Weeks, John R. Population: an introduction to concepts and issues. 7th ed. ISBN 0-534-55305-2. LC 98-39201. 1999. xxiii, 673 pp. Wadsworth: Belmont, California. In Eng.
This textbook is designed as a general introduction to the basic concepts of population studies, to enable the student to develop his or her own demographic perspective, and to better understand one of the world's major issues. The book is organized into five parts, which deal with demographic perspectives, including world population growth and regional differences, data sources, and population theory; population processes, including mortality, fertility, and migration; population structure and characteristics, including demographic aging, family demography, and urbanization; population, development, and the environment; and use of the demographic perspective, which includes population policy issues. An appendix deals with life tables, net reproduction and mean length of generation, and standardization. A glossary of key population terms is included.
For the 6th edition, published in 1996, see 63:10022.
Correspondence: Wadsworth Publishing, 10 Davis Drive, Belmont, CA 94002. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:40060 Xiao, Huiyin. Demographic studies in Germany. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1998. 241-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Along with the growing interest in demography and population issues in recent years among researchers in the world, immigration, emigration, and the movement of rural population have attracted tremendous attention from the Federal Government, universities, historians, economists, sociologists, and research institutions in Germany." Based on a 1996 research visit at the University of Osnabrück, Germany, the author goes on to describe the academic and institutional aspects of demographic studies in Germany.
Correspondence: H. Xiao, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of World History, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1999-2000, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.