Volume 65 - Number 3 - Fall 1999

N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models

Studies concerned with demographic methods and with methods from other disciplines that have been applied to demographic data as a whole. Includes mathematical demography and studies on methods of estimation and indirect estimation. Methodological studies and models concerned with one demographic variable, such as migration, are coded under the category concerned with that topic and cross-referenced to this heading. Studies on models used to investigate relationships between demographic variables and for the analysis of empirical data are also coded under this heading.

65:30771 Axinn, William G.; Pearce, Lisa D.; Ghimire, Dirgha. Innovations in life history calendar applications. Social Science Research, Vol. 28, No. 3, Sep 1999. 243-64 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"The life history calendar (LHC) was designed as a method of collecting detailed individual-level event timing and sequencing data. This paper describes new innovations which make gathering retrospective event history data with an LHC more feasible in a wider range of settings and for a broader set of substantive topics.... The innovations themselves include adding a more detailed set of timing cues, reorganizing the life history calendar's visual cues, and using new recording strategies." Solutions to some of the problems that arise using this approach are illustrated with examples using data from the Chitwan Valley Family Study in Nepal.
Correspondence: W. G. Axinn, University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:30772 Cerbara, Loredana; Iacovacci, Giampaolo. Unfocused methodologies for classifying population data. [Tecniche sfocate per la classificazione di dati di popolazione.] IRP Working Paper, No. 02/98, Nov 1998. 52 pp. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione [IRP]: Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The aim of this work is to represent the imprecision...which is an intrinsic feature of data, since an imprecise model is capable of representing reality better than a precise model. This paper could be an instrument for those who are willing to use fuzzy techniques, and in fact it shows, when it is possible, beside methodological descriptions also the examples of applications in order to help [understand] methods and possible fields of utilization."
Correspondence: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30773 Goodspeed, Timothy J. On the importance of public choice in migration models. Economics Letters, Vol. 59, No. 3, Jun 1998. 373-9 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Recent general equilibrium Tiebout models that use single-crossing indifference curves to establish a migration equilibrium incorporate both voting and migration decisions. These models have concentrated on the important question of the existence of an equilibrium, but the incorporation of both voting and migration has important efficiency consequences as well. This paper demonstrates the important effect of the interaction of voting and migration on efficiency conditions by showing that head taxes (which are generally considered to provide efficient migration incentives with constant marginal congestion costs) do not provide incentives for efficient migration decisions unless the public choice mechanism results in optimal public service provision within jurisdictions."
Correspondence: T. J. Goodspeed, City University of New York, Hunter College, Department of Economics, 695 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10021. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, African Development Centre, Washington, D.C.

65:30774 Wéry, René. Models that simulate the interaction of demographic, social, and economic factors: are they useful or a waste of time? [Les modèles de simulation démo-socio-économique: utilité ou gaspillage?] In: Populations et développements: une approche globale et systémique, edited by Michel Loriaux. 1998. 391-423 pp. Academia-Bruylant: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; L'Harmattan: Paris, France. In Fre.
This article summarizes the debate about the value of socioeconomic models of the Bachue type that were developed in the 1970s as an aid to the development planning process. The author first describes how such models were developed and what they were intended to achieve. He then describes both the critiques of such models that were made during the 1980s and the responses that defended their utility. The primary focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: R. Wéry, International Labour Office, 4 route des Morillons, 1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30775 Zarca, Bernard. Is it possible to progress from a sample of households to a sample of siblings? [Comment passer d'un échantillon de ménages à un échantillon de fratries?] INED Dossiers et Recherches, No. 73, Jan 1999. 15 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a methodological note that demonstrates how it is possible to undertake a comparative analysis of data on groups of brothers and sisters from two French household surveys, the 1976 survey Résaux Familiaux and the 1990 survey Proches et Parents.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.