Volume 65 - Number 3 - Fall 1999

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

65:30737 Cabrera Acevedo, Gustavo. The next step for population policies. [La siguiente etapa de las políticas de población.] Papeles de Población, Vol. 4, No. 17, Jul-Sep 1998. 39-44 pp. Toluca, Mexico. In Spa.
The demographic situation in Mexico is compared at three points in time, namely 1960, 1995, and 2030, and the implications of the changes occurring for population policy are considered. A major concern is the demographic aging that has taken place and the need for policies designed to help the older population.
Correspondence: G. Cabrera Acevedo, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Demográficos y de Desarrollo Urbano, Camino al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30738 El-Deeb, Bothaina. Policies and programmes related to population development in Egypt. CDC Series on Population and Development, No. 10, 1994. 40 pp. Cairo Demographic Center: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng. with sum. in Ara.
"This paper focuses on evaluating the achievements in the quantitative targets of [Egypt's] last two population policies of (1986-1991) and (1992-1997). It also deals with a review of the most important action programs running in the field of population interests."
Correspondence: Cairo Demographic Center, 78 Street No. 4, El-Hdhaba Elolya, Mokattam 11571, Cairo, Egypt. E-mail: cdc@frcu.eun.eg. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30739 Fabri, Marcel. Population policies and development policies: is it possible to integrate them? [Politiques de population et politiques de développement: leur integration est-elle possible?] In: Populations et développements: une approche globale et systémique, edited by Michel Loriaux. 1998. 535-54 pp. Academia-Bruylant: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; L'Harmattan: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author first discusses some differences between the concepts of population policies and the politics of population in both the French and English languages. He then presents a critique of the population policies that have been developed since the Bucharest conference of 1974, both for their extrinsic nature and because they have frequently been incompatible with the development policies of many third-world countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30740 Makhlouf, Hesham; Ibrahim, Magdi A. Selected demographic and socio-economic follow-up and evaluation indicators for the implementation of ICPD/POA recommendations. CDC Occasional Paper, No. 10, 1998. 30 pp. Cairo Demographic Center: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng. with sum. in Ara.
"In order to monitor and evaluate the implementation of National Population Programmes and projects in the context of the ICPD/POA [International Conference on Population and Development Program of Action] recommendations, there [must] be measures and follow-up indicators by which basic elements of population, environment and sustainable development can be managed and evaluated. This paper suggests selected demographic, social, economic and environmental indicators for follow-up and evaluation of the implementation of ICPD/POA recommendations which would be suited to various developing countries on both macro/micro and national/sub-national levels."
Correspondence: Cairo Demographic Center, 78 Street No. 4, El-Hdhaba Elolya, Mokattam 11571, Cairo, Egypt. E-mail: cdc@frcu.eun.eg. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30741 Malawi. National Population Research Committee (Lilongwe, Malawi). Priorities for population research: report of a workshop for developing a prioritised national agenda for research in population and development. LC 98-982653. 1997. ii, 152 pp. Lilongwe, Malawi. In Eng.
"The National Population Research Committee [of Malawi in 1997] organized a workshop to develop a prioritized national agenda for population research." This publication contains reports presented at the workshop. Topics covered include population policy and research; the demographic situation; gender issues; population and the environment; food security; advocacy and IEC; family planning; the safe motherhood initiative; adolescent health; and HIV/AIDS.
Correspondence: National Population Research Committee, Lilongwe, Malawi. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

65:30742 Rowland, Don. Population policy in Australia: cut off at the impasse. AQ: Journal of Contemporary Analysis, Vol. 70, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1998. 32-7 pp. Balmain, Australia. In Eng.
"Despite 25 years of research and debate, no new population policy has emerged [in Australia] due to disagreement about the nature and purpose of an Australian population policy as well as a lack of conviction that suggested approaches would serve the national interest. While proposals have focused on environmental concerns, estimates of sustainable numbers and other `visions of the future,' none have received more than partial acceptance.... This paper examines current proposals for an Australian policy and, in the light of their disadvantages, suggests a new basis for a policy."
Correspondence: D. Rowland, Australian National University, Population Studies Program, Department of Sociology, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. E-mail: Donald.Rowland@anu.edu.au. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30743 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York). National population policies: addendum. No. ST/ESA/SER.A/171/Add.1, Pub. Order No. E.99.XIII.3. 1999. 28 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This publication presents population policy data for an additional 14 countries that were not included in the main volume. It provides a summary overview of population policies and changes in those policies for these countries. The focus is on three basic policy components: government perceptions of population size, growth, structure, and distribution, and of the demographic components of fertility, mortality, and migration that affect them; government objectives with respect to each of these variables; and government policies concerning interventions designed to influence each variable. The material is presented in the form of two-page data sheets; the first page contains population policy data for each country around the dates 1976, 1986, and 1996, and the second page provides demographic and socioeconomic indicators for the corresponding years.
For the volume for which this is an addendum, see 65:20701.
Correspondence: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, DC2 1950, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30744 Welti, Carlos. The policies of structural adjustment and population policies and their effect on demographic aging. [Las políticas de ajuste estructural y las políticas de población con referencia a los procesos de envejecimiento.] Papeles de Población, Vol. 4, No. 17, Jul-Sep 1998. 23-9 pp. Toluca, Mexico. In Spa.
The author examines the impact of the policies that Mexico has been obliged to adopt in response to the need to conform to the requirements of structural adjustment. Particular emphasis is put on the effect on the elderly population and the government's inability to develop population policies in response to their needs. The author concludes that the elderly, together with the nation's poor, are the main sufferers from this economic crisis.
Correspondence: C. Welti, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30745 World Bank (Washington, D.C.). Population and the World Bank: adapting to change. Health, Nutrition, and Population Series, ISBN 0-8213-4430-7. 1999. 45 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This note describes how the principles and recommendations of the Health, Nutrition, and Population Sector Strategy will be applied to the World Bank's work in the area of population and reproductive health. Bank policy in this area is in close conformity with the guidelines adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994.
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, African Development Centre, Washington, D.C.

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

65:30746 Donovan, Patricia. The "illegitimacy bonus" and state efforts to reduce out-of-wedlock births. Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 31, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1999. 94-7 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Although most [U.S.] nonmarital births are to women who are not on welfare, Congress used the 1996 welfare reform law to mount a major nationwide campaign against `illegitimacy'. To motivate states to adopt policies and programs that discourage nonmarital childbearing, Congress included in the law a so-called illegitimacy bonus, which rewards states that reduce out-of-wedlock births among all women--not just welfare recipients or teenagers--and also decrease abortions." The author discusses ways in which states are trying to meet these goals.
Correspondence: P. Donovan, Alan Guttmacher Institute, 120 Wall Street, New York, NY 10005. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30747 Klerman, Jacob A. U.S. abortion policy and fertility. American Economic Review, Vol. 89, No. 2, May 1999. 261-4 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
"Using new disaggregated estimates of the policy effects, this paper explores the potential effect on fertility of differing [U.S.] abortion policies: legalization and Medicaid funding. Following a discussion of methods, I summarize new estimates of the effects of legalization and Medicaid funding. The estimates use individual-level birth-certificate data to estimate policy effects disaggregated by race, age, and parity. I then use the estimated policy effects to simulate the total fertility rate implied by the estimates under varying legal regimes."
Correspondence: J. A. Klerman, RAND, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:30748 l'Ancien, Aristide. The earthquake at Karlsruhe: Germany finally wakes up to the fact of its decline? [Le séisme de Karlsruhe: L'Allemagne enfin consciente de son déclin?] Population et Avenir, No. 641, Jan-Feb 1999. 6-8 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The demographic situation in Germany is first described, with attention given to such aspects as below-replacement fertility, negative rates of natural increase, and the beginning of an actual decline in the size of the total population despite the presence of over seven million foreigners. The author then describes a decision taken at Karlsruhe on January 19, 1999, by the country's judges on a constitutional issue that for the first time recognized the duty of the state to protect marriage and the family, and to provide financial incentives to both promote the institution of marriage and encourage fertility within marriage.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30749 Teo, Peggy; Yeoh, Brenda S. A. Interweaving the public and the private: women's responses to population policy shifts in Singapore. International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1999. 79-96 pp. Chichester, England. In Eng.
"The private and the public are often deemed as a `natural' and universal division which models social life into a domestic sphere for women and a public/work sphere for men. The shift in Singapore's population policy from anti- to pro-natalism is used to explore gendered responses with the aim of deconstructing this dichotomy. The paper provides support for the interpenetration rather than division of spheres, and shows that macro-socioeconomic contexts are critical to redefining social values which may ultimately affect the coalescence of public ideology and private freedoms."
Correspondence: P. Teo, National University of Singapore, Department of Geography, Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260. E-mail: geoteop@nus.edu.sg. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

65:30750 Böcker, Anita; Havinga, Tetty. Asylum applications in the European Union: patterns and trends and the effects of policy measures. Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 11, No. 3, Sep 1998. 245-66 pp. Eynsham, England. In Eng.
"Statistics on asylum applications have been used in a highly selective way in the debates on refugees and asylum policies in Western Europe, to justify restrictive measures. This paper provides a more systematic analysis of these statistics. It focuses on the pattern of origins and destinations for asylum seekers in the European Union in the period 1985-1994.... When the patterns of origin and destinations are compared for separate years, it becomes clear that the destinations of asylum movements have been constantly changing. Though some of the more remarkable shifts were clearly related to policy measures in the relevant countries, many measures produced only limited effects or failed to have any effect at all."
Correspondence: A. Böcker, University of Nijmegen, Institute for the Sociology of Law, Comeniuslaan 4, P.O. Box 9201, 6500 HC Nijmegen, Netherlands. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

65:30751 Boeles, Pieter. Fair immigration proceedings in Europe. ISBN 90-411-0324-4. 1997. xviii, 510 pp. Martinus Nijhoff: The Hague, Netherlands. In Eng.
This study examines some legal aspects of immigrant rights in the context of the changing situation in Europe, as the European Union develops communal migration laws and policies in addition to those of individual member states. The focus is on procedural issues: to what extent can EU member states and EU institutions restrict individual rights in immigration matters, and specifically, what guarantees must be made available to immigrants under international law providing legal recourse by means of proceedings in immigration affairs? There are separate sections on international customary law and general principles of law, the relevant UN conventions, the Council of Europe, the European Union, and regional aspects of the principles and practices of law.
Correspondence: Martinus Nijhoff, Kluwer Law International, P.O. Box 85889, 2508 CN The Hague, Netherlands. Location: New York University Library, New York, NY.

65:30752 Cicekli, Bulent. The rights of Turkish migrants in Europe under international law and EU law. International Migration Review, Vol. 33, No. 2, Summer 1999. 300-53 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The main purpose of this article is to provide a framework of international legal conventions which may amount to an `umbrella regime' for EU member states as regards their treatment of Turkish migrants, thus supplementing the protection already available in domestic law. To this end, the study pulls together analyses of relevant parts of international and supranational law within the context of Turkish migrants in Europe that are applicable in protecting the rights of immigrants.... The study has confirmed that the developments under the EU law have remained and will remain the main source of progress as far as the rights of Turkish migrants are concerned."
Correspondence: B. Cicekli, Police Academy, Ankara, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30753 Djajic, Slobodan. Dynamics of immigration control. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1999. 45-61 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper examines the dynamic implications of [U.S.] border control policies and internal enforcement measures for the pattern of illegal immigration and the sectoral allocation of clandestine foreign workers. It is argued that efforts to control illegal immigration in sectors where they traditionally find employment may trigger the formation of networks supporting clandestine foreign workers in new locations and occupations where the probability of detection is relatively lower. The end result may be an increase in the overall stock of illegal immigrants residing in the economy."
Correspondence: S. Djajic, Graduate Institute of International Studies, 132 rue de Lausanne, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland. E-mail: djajic@hei.unige.ch. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30754 Epstein, Gil S.; Hillman, Arye L.; Weiss, Avi. Creating illegal immigrants. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1999. 3-21 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper considers the prospects for successful implementation by governments of guest-worker programs that are based on an intended temporary presence of foreign workers.... Employers who are obliged to post bonds for their foreign workers are provided with an incentive to ensure that their workers leave at the end of their contractually specified stay. We consider the consequences of such a bond when foreign workers can leave legal employers for illegal employment. We also investigate the effectiveness of deferred payments to foreign workers as a means of discouraging transition from legal employment to illegal presence."
Correspondence: G. S. Epstein, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics, 52900 Ramat-Gan, Israel. E-mail: weiss1ashur.cc.biu.ac.il. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30755 Gang, Ira N.; Stuart, Robert C. Mobility where mobility is illegal: internal migration and city growth in the Soviet Union. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1999. 117-34 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper examines an important anomaly in the internal migration history of the former Soviet Union (FSU). While many cities were closed in the sense of explicitly limiting growth of city population from migration, it was difficult to assess the effectiveness of these controls.... We find that while there are pervasive patterns of city growth, the rate increasing through the 1960s and declining thereafter, there are also pervasive differences between controlled and uncontrolled cities, the later growing significantly faster in almost all cases, controlling for city size."
Correspondence: I. N. Gang, Rutgers University, Department of Economics, 75 Hamilton Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-1248. E-mail: gang@economics.rutgers.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30756 Hernández García, Joel. United States immigration legislation and constitutional defense of undocumented workers. [La legislación migratoria de Estados Unidos y la defensa constitucional de los trabajadores indocumentados.] Revista Mexicana de Política Exterior, No. 53, Feb 1998. 9-31, 267 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"The Act governing reform of illegal immigration and liability of the immigrant, promulgated in September 1996, establishes more obstacles for correcting the immigration situation of undocumented individuals to stay legally in the United States. This essay examines the provisions of the new law that affect undocumented workers in particular; it tries to identify the legal aspects that could be questioned constitutionally in the American federal courts."
Correspondence: J. Hernández García, Mexican Consulate-General, New York, NY. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:30757 Kinnaird, Bob. Working holiday makers: more than tourists--implications of the report of the Joint Standing Committee on Migration. People and Place, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1999. 39-52 pp. Clayton, Australia. In Eng.
"The Joint Standing Committee on Migration's concerns about the impact of Working Holiday Makers on the Australian labour market have yet to be acted on by the Government. However, the rapid growth in the number of temporary workers at a time of labour market deregulation and increased casual and part-time work means that it is urgent that these concerns be addressed. WHMs are foreign nationals aged 18-30 years on a specific subclass of visa called a `Working Holiday' visa (Class 417) which includes work rights in Australia subject to certain conditions...."
Correspondence: B. Kinnaird, R. T. Kinnaird and Associates, Sydney, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30758 Kochavi, Arieh J. The struggle against Jewish immigration to Palestine. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 34, No. 3, Jul 1998. 146-67 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article will examine British policy on Jewish immigration, particularly London's struggle against the illegal immigration, in light of both Arab and Zionist pressures.... Britain's determination to preserve its position in the Middle East governed...policy on Jewish immigration to Palestine both during and after the Second World War.... All in all, there were no clear winners in the struggle over Jewish immigration."
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

65:30759 Kulakov, V. Ways of regulating migration processes in the Russian Federation. Problems of Economic Transition, Vol. 41, No. 9, Jan 1999. 7-27 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
The author discusses migration policy and regulation in Russia. Topics considered include international migration, internal migration, movements among regions, and measures to regulate migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:30760 Kurthen, Hermann; Fijalkowski, Jürgen; Wagner, Gert G. Immigration, citizenship, and the welfare state in Germany and the United States: welfare policies and immigrants' citizenship. Industrial Development and the Social Fabric, Vol. 14, No. A-B, ISBN 0-7623-0524-X. LC 98-30666. 1998. xv, 199 pp. JAI Press: Stamford, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"This is Part B of the volume Immigration, Citizenship and the Welfare State in Germany and the United States.... Whereas the first part presented the most recent findings for both societies in three important areas of immigrant incorporation, that is, education, labor markets, and the welfare system, Part B investigates the importance of citizenship policies to fostering the inclusion of immigrants into their respective host country. Contributions in the first section...concentrate on current efforts to reform the welfare system, particularly in the United States, and their relationship with or impact on immigrant policies, immigrant behavior, and the actual flow of migrants. In the final section...the impact of new political environments, political cultures, institutionalized rules of citizenship, and prevailing ideologies on the current reformulation of the relationship between immigrants and native-born citizens, including the migrants' opportunities to promote their interests, will be analyzed."
Correspondence: JAI Press, 100 Prospect Street, Stamford, CT 06901-1640. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

65:30761 Lowell, B. Lindsay. Skilled temporary specialty workers in the United States. People and Place, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1999. 24-32 pp. Clayton, Australia. In Eng.
"Skilled temporary workers are today's hot controversy among U.S. immigration policymakers. Recent legislation increased the numbers of specialty H-1B workers permitted to work in the U.S., largely in response to employer demand in information technology. A simple majority are from India. The available research on all skilled foreign workers suggests that adverse impacts tend to be localized to certain labor market sectors."
Correspondence: B. L. Lowell, Georgetown University, Institute for the Study of International Migration, 37th and O Streets NW, Washington, D.C. 20057. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30762 Martin, Philip. Effects of NAFTA on labour migration. In: International trade and migration in the APEC region, edited by Peter J. Lloyd and Lynne S. Williams. 1996. 100-20 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England; Bureau of Immigration, Multicultural and Population Research: Melbourne, Australia. In Eng.
The author examines the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on labor migration from Mexico to the United States. Sections are included on the peso crisis and illegal migration; programs for enforcing U.S. migration policy; the impact of economic policies on illegal migration; and NAFTA's migration provisions.
Correspondence: P. Martin, University of California, Davis, CA 95616. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:30763 McBride, Michael J. Migrants and asylum seekers: policy responses in the United States to immigrants and refugees from Central America and the Caribbean. International Migration, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1999. 289-317 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"Managing the `delicate tensions' that underlie immigration and refugee interests is at the root of a sound immigration and refugee policy. Yet those tensions have now escalated to a point where U.S. immigration and refugee policies are in disarray and threaten to undermine the humanitarian values and international agreements to which the U.S. publicly subscribes. This article analyses the complex political environment in which these tensions exist, especially with regard to Central America and the Caribbean, and offers recommendations for managing them more effectively in the future."
Correspondence: M. J. McBride, Whittier College, Political Science Department, Whittier, CA 90608. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30764 Mehta, Swarnjit. Geography and migration policies: the Indian experience. Population Geography, Vol. 18, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1996. 27-36 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"This paper highlights the concerns of public policy research. Sketching geography's forays into this emerging field it uses the spatio-temporal trends in interstate and intrastate migrations in India to comment on various policy issues. The arguments are woven around the linkages between explicit development policies and their implicit impact on migration. Certain strategies have been indicated to correct the distortions associated with these linkages."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30765 Miller, Paul W. Immigration policy and immigrant quality: the Australian points system. American Economic Review, Vol. 89, No. 2, May 1999. 192-7 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
"The inflow of persons (other than New Zealand residents who are subject to the 1973 Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement) seeking permanent residence in Australia is currently regulated via Humanitarian and Migration (non-humanitarian) programs. The Migration Program has separate Family and Skill streams. The methods used for immigrant selection in these programs may affect immigrant quality and labor-market performance. These issues are addressed [in this article]."
Correspondence: P. W. Miller, University of Western Australia, Department of Economics, Nedlands, WA 6907, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:30766 Passel, Jeffrey S.; Clark, Rebecca L.; Fix, Michael. Naturalization and other current issues in U.S. immigration: intersections of data and policy. In: 1997 proceedings of the section on government statistics and section on social statistics. [1997]. 1-10 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"We begin with a discussion of [recent trends in U.S. naturalization patterns] and then move to a discussion of the impact of data deficiencies on understanding of the naturalization phenomena. With the naturalization issue and deficient data as a starting point, we proceed to a discussion of how other failures of immigration data and research have affected and continue to affect immigration and immigrant policy."
Correspondence: J. S. Passel, Urban Institute, 2100 M Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20037. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30767 Ruddock, Philip. Population options for Australia. People and Place, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1999. 1-6 pp. Clayton, Australia. In Eng.
"Given limited ability to influence Australia's below replacement and declining fertility rate, Australia's population options are dependent on immigration policy. But even in this area our options are limited. In an address to the Australian Population Association Biennial Conference in October 1998, the Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, the Hon. Philip Ruddock, argued that neither the zero net overseas migration policy favoured by environmentalists nor the massive boost in immigration favoured by the business lobby are in Australia's national interest."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30768 Tomasi, Lydio F. Proceedings of the 1997 Annual National Legal Conference on Immigration and Refugee Policy. In Defense of the Alien, Vol. 20, ISBN 1-57703-003-6. 1998. xi, 274 pp. Center for Migration Studies: Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of an annual conference on immigration and refugee policy in the United States. The primary focus of this conference was on the implementation and effects of legislation affecting immigration adopted over the course of the 104th Congress. The 22 papers included here are organized under seven topics: Welfare entitlements for legal and illegal immigrants; Impact of the new legislation on migrant farm-workers; Due process and other constitutional issues raised by the new legislation; Asylum procedures in the new legislation; New grounds for exclusion and deportation; Naturalization; and Future perspectives.
Correspondence: Center for Migration Studies, 209 Flagg Place, Staten Island, NY 10304-1122. E-mail: cmslft@aol.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30769 Wilpert, Czarina. Migration and informal work in the new Berlin: new forms of work or new sources of labour? Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2, Apr 1998. 269-94 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"Today the notion is spreading that the growth of unemployment and low waged precarious jobs in an informal or shadow economy is a direct function of the `influx' of new `illegal' migrants. This article illustrates how policies [in Berlin, Germany] to control foreign entry are ambivalent. Despite the avowed principle of not being a country of immigration, continuous exceptions have been made to permit the restricted access of temporary workers.... This article demonstrates that the main forces bringing about restructuring and deregulation were put into place in the mid-1980s independently of a new source of undocumented foreigners."
Correspondence: C. Wilpert, Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Hardenbergstraße 4-5, 14193 Berlin, Germany. E-mail: Czarina.Wilpert@TU-Berlin.DE. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:30770 Woodrow-Lafield, Karen A. To dream of American citizenship and family unification. In: 1997 proceedings of the section on government statistics and section on social statistics. [1997]. 11-9 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"I consider unknown and unanticipated consequences of recent [U.S.] amnesty programs for unauthorized immigration as defined by demographic studies to meet policy and programmatic purposes.... After reviewing what is known about trends in authorized and unauthorized migration, the exposition treats the changing foreign-born composition by citizenship, the key role of legalized immigrants, their prospective behavior in naturalizing, and possible sponsorship levels of spouses, children, and other family members."
Correspondence: K. A. Woodrow-Lafield, Mississippi State University, Department of Sociology, P.O. Drawer C, Mississippi State, MS 39762. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.