Volume 65 - Number 3 - Fall 1999

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical up to World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

65:30557 Bardet, Jean-Pierre; Dupâquier, Jacques. A history of the population of Europe. III. Uncertain times, 1914-1998. [Histoire des populations de l'Europe. III. Les temps incertains 1914-1998.] ISBN 2-213-59881-9. 1999. 792 pp. Fayard: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is the third volume in a three-volume work on the history of the population of Europe, and covers the period from World War I to 1998. There are 20 chapters by various authors. They are: Demography, by Jacques Dupâquier; The two World Wars and their consequences, by Jean-Jacques Becker; Economy and population, by Georges Tapinos and Massimo Livi Bacci; The triumph of medicine, by Graziella Caselli, France Meslé, and Jacques Vallin; Fertility in the twentieth century: an irregular but significant and irreversible decline, by Jean-Claude Chesnais; The economically active population since 1913, by Jean-Claude Chesnais; Changes in structure: the emergence of the third age, by Peter Laslett and Paul Paillat; The crisis of the family, by Evelyne Sullerot; European migration from World War I to the present, by Olivier Faron and Pierre George; Scandinavia and the Swedish model, by Lars Østby; The British Isles, by Jacques Dupâquier and Jay Winter; The Netherlands and Belgium, by Frans W. A. Van Poppel, Marc Dubuisson, and Michel Poulin; France: the end of its uniqueness?, by Jean-Pierre Bardet; The Iberian peninsula, by Joaquín Arango and Robert Rowland; The Italian population in the twentieth century, by Gustavo De Santis and Massimo Livi Bacci; The German model (1914-1995), by Pierre-Jean Thumerelle and François-Olivier Seys; The Alpine states, by Josef Ehmer and H. Michel Hagmann; The Balkans: Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, and the states of former Yugoslavia, by Olivier Faron, Jacques Dupâquier, and Georges Siampos; Eastern Europe (Hungary, Poland, and the Czech and Slovak Republics), by Jacques Dupâquier and Olivier Faron; and The Soviet model (1917-1991) and its outcomes, by Alain Blum and Leonid E. Darskij.
For Volume II, published in 1998, see 64:10537.
Correspondence: Libraire Arthème Fayard, 75 rue des Saints-Pères, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30558 Breschi, Marco; Pecorari, Paolo. Economy and population in Friuli: from the fall of the Venetian Republic to the end of the period of Austrian rule. [Economia e popolazione in Friuli: dalla caduta della Repubblica di Venezia alla fine della dominazione austriaca.] ISBN 88-86756-51-8. 1998. 222 pp. Forum: Udine, Italy. In Ita.
This collective work examines economic and demographic developments in the northern Italian region of Friuli in the first half of the nineteenth century. It contains three studies of demographic interest. These are a study on the available data sources for the state of Udine at this time by Roberta Corbellini, a study on short-term economic fluctuations and demographic trends in Friuli by Giovanna Gonano, and a study on demographic trends and family characteristics in Sauris from 1760 to 1860 by Elisabetta Navarra.
Correspondence: Forum, Editrice Universitaria Udinese, Via Palladio 8, 33100 Udine, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30559 Diop-Maes, Louise M. Black Africa: demography, land, and history. A multidisciplinary and critical analysis. [Afrique noire: démographie, sol et histoire. Une analyse pluridisciplinaire et critique.] ISBN 2-7087-0624-1. LC 98-203645. 1996. 387, [15] pp. Présence Africaine: Paris, France; Khepera: Gif-sur-Yvette, France. In Fre.
This is a general history of the demography of Sub-Saharan Africa, written from an interdisciplinary perspective. The study is based primarily on texts translated from Arab and Sudanese sources for the period from the eighth to the seventeenth centuries, which are compared to the records left by early European explorers; the archeological evidence is also considered. The author makes the case that Sub-Saharan Africa was in no way underpopulated in comparison with Europe or Southern Asia from prehistoric times up to the sixteenth century. The demographic impact of European colonization from the fifteenth to the middle of the twentieth century is analyzed.
Correspondence: Présence Africaine, 25 bis rue des Ecoles, 75005 Paris, France. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

65:30560 Italy. Ministero per i Beni Culturali e Ambientali. Ufficio Centrale per i Beni Archivistici (Rome, Italy). Archival sources and demographic research: proceedings of an international conference held in Trieste, April 23-26, 1990. [Fonti archivistiche e ricerca demografica: atti del convegno internazionale, Trieste, 23-26 aprile 1990.] Pubblicazioni degli Archivi di Stato, Saggi, No. 37, ISBN 88-7125-104-0. LC 97-150720. 1996. 1,498 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita.
These two volumes present the proceedings of a conference on archival sources and their value in historical demographic research, held in Trieste, Italy, in 1990. The 90 papers, most of which are in Italian with a few in either English or French, are organized under three topics. The first topic is the typology of data sources and historical demographic research, focusing on Italy, but with papers included on the Ottoman Empire, India (two papers), and Iceland. The second topic is demographic sources today and in the future, and is subdivided into sections on the development of data sources, interactions among data sources, and data sources and information systems. Again, the primary geographical focus is on Italy, with papers included on India, Poland, the Sahel, Europe and North America, Bangladesh, and the Czech Republic. The third topic is international migration and minority populations, and has a general global focus.
Correspondence: Ministero per i Beni Culturali e Ambientali, Ufficio Centrale per i Beni Archivistici, Divisione V, Via Gaeta 8a, 00185 Rome, Italy. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

65:30561 Komlos, John; Heintel, Markus. The threat of a Malthusian crisis in the Habsburg monarchy. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 30, No. 1, Summer 1999. 91-8 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"The threat of a Malthusian crisis in the late-eighteenth-century Habsburg monarchy is evident from the decline in physical stature of the male population. This evidence is consistent with diminishing returns to labor on account of the acceleration in population growth, with a concomitant decline in real wages. An alternative hypothesis--that heights decreased, not because nutrient consumption fell, but because work effort, and hence energy expenditures, increased, leaving less calories available for the biological growth process--is found to be unsubstantiated on the basis of the available evidence."
Location: Princeton University Library (SH).

65:30562 Lavely, William; Wong, R. Bin. Revising the Malthusian narrative: the comparative study of population dynamics in late imperial China. Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 57, No. 3, Aug 1998. 714-48 pp. Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"High mortality and cycles of growth and crisis; a population ever close to the margin of survival; weak controls on fertility--these propositions form a narrative of China's demographic failings relative to Europe. Yet they have received remarkably little scrutiny. In subsequent sections of this article we will examine their empirical underpinnings by posing the propositions as a set of questions.... In the concluding section we consider the limits of our knowledge of late imperial Chinese demography and what these limits imply for the contrast with Europe."
Correspondence: W. Lavely, University of Washington, Department of Sociology, Seattle, WA, 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:30563 Marino, Claudia D. Some considerations concerning the use of colonial fiscal records for socio-demographic studies, Alto Peru 1750-1810. [Consideraciones sobre la utilización de fuentes fiscales coloniales para un estudio sociodemográfico, Alto Perú 1750-1810.] Papeles de Población, Vol. 4, No. 17, Jul-Sep 1998. 209-24 pp. Toluca, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The prospects and limitations of using colonial tax records for demographic studies in Peru are examined using the example of the records for some of the Indian villages in the high mountain region of the country. The author notes the value of these records for the study of how this population was controlled by the colonial authorities.
Correspondence: C. D. Marino, El Colegio de México, Camino al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30564 Pla Alberola, Primitivo J. Population trends in the Xexona Governorate in the modern era. [Evolución del poblamiento en el Gobernación dellà Xexona durante la edad moderna.] In: La población valenciana: pasado, presente, futuro, Vol. 1. 1998. 301-20 pp. Instituto de Cultura Juan-Gil Albert: Alicante, Spain. In Spa.
Population trends in the Spanish province of Valencia are analyzed from medieval times to the modern era. The primary focus is on developments in the eighteenth century.
Correspondence: P. J. Pla Alberola, Universidad de Alicante, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Departamento de Historia Medieval e Moderna, San Vicente del Raspeig, 03690 Alicante, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30565 Rossi, Fiorenzo; Rosina, Alessandro. The population of Adria: from the division of Porto Viro to the Padano-Polesana drainage scheme (sixteenth to nineteenth centuries). Four studies in historical demography. [La popolazione di Adria: dal taglio di Porto Viro alla bonifica Padano-Polesana (XVI-XIX secolo), quattro saggi di storia demografica.] Mar 1999. 270 pp. Cooperativa Libraria Editrice Università di Padova [CLEUP]: Padua, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Four papers, three of which have been previously published, are presented on the historical demography of the Italian town of Adria, located in the south of the Venetian region. "The first paper...deals with the population history of the town from the end of the XVIth century to the end of the XIXth century, mainly using aggregative parish data. The second paper...adds some information about general and infant mortality as well as [the] mortality crisis, connected with the social and environmental context. The third paper describes the first stage of the demographic transition at the end of the XIXth century. The last paper uses the inverse projection technique to reconstruct the evolution of the population and to disentangle the different contribution of fertility and infant and adult mortality on the demographic growth. [Life] tables are here estimated using a `reconstruction by cohort' technique."
Correspondence: Cooperativa Libraria Editrice Università di Padova, Via G. Prati 19, Padua, Italy. E-mail: cleup@intercity.it. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30566 Ruggles, Steven. The limitations of English family reconstitution: "English population history from family reconstitution 1580-1837" Continuity and Change, Vol. 14, No. 1, May 1999. 105-30 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The author evaluates the recent book by Wrigley, Oeppen, Schofield, and Davies, English population history from family reconstitution 1580-1837. "A work of this magnitude invites close scrutiny...[and] is sure to generate controversy. Much of this, I expect, will be stimulated by the expansive claims made by the authors about the representativeness and reliability of their national estimates of demographic behaviour. This essay will explore these issues in detail. In particular, I will describe and evaluate the main potential sources of error in the English family reconstitutions."
Correspondence: S. Ruggles, University of Minnesota, Department of History, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

65:30567 Wetherell, Charles; Plakans, Andrejs. Borders, ethnicity, and demographic patterns in the Russian Baltic provinces in the late nineteenth century. Continuity and Change, Vol. 14, No. 1, May 1999. 33-56 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The authors discuss the extent to which borders in the Russian Baltic provinces "resulted in a wide variety of differing local conditions to which families had to adapt throughout the nineteenth century...." They argue that "the Baltic region did not have a single `culture' in the second half of the nineteenth century, and that the border problem here is particularly acute for an understanding of its demographic evolution.... We suggest that the multiple linguistic and economic boundaries argue against a unitary explanation of fertility decline generally, and for time-specific assessments of the permeability and stability of the various provincial borders."
Correspondence: C. Wetherell, University of California, Department of History, Riverside, CA 92521. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past. Relevant items are coded here and, if of more general interest than to historical demography alone, are cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

65:30568 Billari, Francesco C.; Rosina, Alessandro. Does cohort matter in pre-transitional mortality? Analysis of adult mortality using an event history approach: the case of Chioggia in the 17th century. Genus, Vol. 54, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1998. 327-47 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Ita; Fre.
"In this paper, it is the purpose of the authors to show how to apply--in historical demography--some statistical techniques to estimate within the same model the age pattern of mortality, the intensity of relevant crises, as well as the possible presence of cohort effects.... In particular, we expect to find higher mortality effects for cohorts affected by famine periods during their developmental phases, as well as lower mortality effects for cohorts subsequent to the most important mortality crises.... The application will use data collected for the population of Chioggia (Dogado of Venice) in the seventeenth century."
Correspondence: F. C. Billari, Università degli Studi di Padova, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via San Francesco 33, 35121 Padua, Italy. E-mail: billari@hal.stat.unipd.it. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30569 Kígyósi, Attila. The history of the Hungarian settlement registers. [A magyarországi helységnévtárak története.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 76, No. 12, Dec 1998. 1,028-42 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
"The study offers an overall picture of the history of the Hungarian settlement registers. It gives a survey of the stages of...developments in Hungary up to the time of the appearance of the official settlement registers.... The author presents the background of the official settlement registers as well as the characteristics of their form and contents and changes taking place during more than 125 years which have passed since their first publication. Finally, it also deals with the historical statistical settlement registers which are mainly built upon the data of settlement registers and utilize as well their basic informative sources."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30570 Zhao, Zhongwei. Demographic systems in historic China: some new findings from recent research. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 14, No. 2, Nov 1997. 201-32 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"Up to the 1980s, studies of Chinese population history were largely confined to the examination of aggregate population figures collected at national or provincial levels. Since then, however, investigations into Chinese demographic history have entered a new stage.... This paper...provides new information on past mortality, fertility and marriage patterns. In the light of these findings, a number of widely held beliefs about the traditional Chinese demographic system are critically examined."
Correspondence: Z. Zhao, Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Demography Program, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.