Volume 65 - Number 1 - Spring 1999

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

65:10001 Demeny, Paul; McNicoll, Geoffrey. The Earthscan reader in population and development. ISBN 1-85383-474-2. 1998. x, 363 pp. Earthscan Publications: London, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of seminal articles on recent global population growth and its consequences. The 32 selected articles, all of which have been previously published, are organized under five main topics: The dynamics of transition; Individuals and families; Societies and states; Resources and the environment; and Futures.
Correspondence: Earthscan Publications, 120 Pentonville Road, London N1 9JN, England. E-mail: earthinfo@earthscan.co.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:10002 Höhn, Charlotte. Demographic trends, population science, and policy recommendations: the work of the German Federal Population Institute from 1973 to 1998. [Demographische Trends, Bevölkerungswissenschaft und Politikberatung: aus der Arbeit des Bundesinstituts für Bevölkerungsforschung (BiB), 1973 bis 1998.] Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts für Bevölkerungsforschung, Vol. 28, ISBN 3-8100-2227-6. 1998. 173 pp. Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
This volume summarizes various aspects of population studies in Germany, particularly as undertaken by the Federal Institute for Population Research. Topics covered include fertility, marriage and divorce, mortality, migration and foreigners in Germany, population dynamics and structure, population models, global population, and policy recommendations made by the institute. The main developments in each topic are summarized by decade; the first section covers population studies up to the founding of the federal institute in 1973, the second deals with the 1970s, the third with the 1980s, and the last with the time since 1990 and unification. A bibliography is included.
Correspondence: Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung, Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 4, Postfach 5528, 65180 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10003 Kuijsten, Anton; de Gans, Henk; de Feijter, Henk. The joy of demography...and other disciplines. NethurD Publication Series B, ISBN 90-5170-455-0. 1999. xi, 450 pp. Netherlands Graduate School of Housing and Urban Research: Utrecht, Netherlands. In Eng; Dut; Fre.
This is a collection of studies by various authors prepared for Dirk van de Kaa on the occasion of his retirement as Professor of Demography at the University of Amsterdam. The papers are mostly in English, with some in Dutch and one in French. The book opens with a biography and bibliography of van de Kaa. "The core of the book is formed by 32 essays in honour of Van de Kaa, written by colleagues and friends from all over the world, who have in common that in one way or another their paths have crossed his. Most of them are demographers, and the topics they chose for their contribution cover almost the entire range of demography and often connect to the activities and scientific topics for which Dirk van de Kaa has become so well-known, such as the Second Demographic Transition. Next to these demographic contributions, the book contains several essays from other disciplines, such as physical planning, geography, sociology, history, and general literature."
Correspondence: Thela Thesis, Prinseneiland 305, 1013 LP Amsterdam, Netherlands. E-mail: office@thelathesis.nl. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10004 Ness, Immanuel; Ciment, James. The encyclopedia of global population and demographics. ISBN 1-56324-710-0. LC 98-46436. 1999. vii, 967 pp. Sharpe Reference: Armonk, New York. In Eng.
This two-volume collection presents a selection of demographic data for the countries of the world. The data are divided into sections on geography; population, including population size, density, annual growth, age and sex distribution, urban and rural population, and migration; identity, including ethnicity, language, and religion; vital statistics, including infant mortality, induced abortion, and life expectancy as well as fertility, mortality, marriage, and divorce; households; economics and labor; transport; health and health care; education; and communications. Volume 1 has a selection of introductory essays and data on countries from Afghanistan to Italy. Volume 2 has data on countries from Jamaica to Zimbabwe.
Correspondence: M. E. Sharpe, 80 Business Park Drive, Armonk, NY 10504. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10005 Noin, Daniel. Atlas of the world population. [Atlas de la population mondiale.] Collection Dynamiques du Territoire, 2nd ed. ISBN 2-11-003577-3. 1996. 160 pp. RECLUS: Montpellier, France; La Documentation Française: Paris, France. In Fre.
This publication presents a selection of maps and figures describing current global population trends. There are sections on past demographic trends, spatial distribution, current population dynamics, age and sex distribution, nuptiality and households, fertility, mortality, internal migration and urbanization, international migration, and future population prospects.
Correspondence: Groupement de Intérêt Public RECLUS, Maison de la Géographie, 17 rue Abbé de l'Epée, 34000 Montpellier, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10006 Süßmilch, Johann P. The divine order in the process of human change as illustrated by births, deaths, and human reproduction. [L'ordre divin dans les changements de l'espèce humaine, démontré par la naissance, la mort et la propagation de celle-ci.] ISBN 2-7332-1019-X. 1998. cxxiv, 358, cxxiv pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a translation into French of the original text of this work originally published in 1741, together with notes and indexes. It represents one of the first general works on demography published in the German language.
Translated from the German by Jean-Marc Rohrbasser.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

65:10007 Demeny, Paul. The "Revelle Report" on rapid population growth: a 1971 diagnosis and prescription revisited. In: Science with a human face: in honor of Roger Randall Revelle, edited by Robert Dorfman and Peter P. Rogers. Jul 1997. 95-108 pp. Harvard University, School of Public Health: Boston, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The author comments on the 1971 report Rapid population growth: consequences and implications, which was prepared by a National Academy of Sciences committee chaired by Roger Revelle. "In what follows, with the benefit of hindsight, I will discuss some salient aspects of the diagnosis and the prescriptions the Revelle Report offered.... I will conclude with some observations that perusal of the report elicits today."
Correspondence: P. Demeny, Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10008 Ogilvie, Bridget M.; Scott, Ian G. The Wellcome Trust population initiative. Human Reproduction, Vol. 12, No. 11, Suppl., Nov 1997. 101-4 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper describes what the Wellcome Trust has done and aims to do through its population initiative.... Through this programme, the Trust hopes to bring about improved understanding of the relationship between reproductive health, population growth, and sustainable development and create cadres of high quality research scientists in relevant disciplines. Uniquely, funding is available under this programme to suitably qualified applicants from any country other than the USA."
Correspondence: I. G. Scott, Wellcome Trust, 183 Euston Road, London NW1 2BE, England. E-mail: i.scott@wellcome.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10009 Simon, Julian L. Lysenkoism and the population control movement. Revista de Biología Tropical, Vol. 45, No. 3, Sep 1997. 971-7 pp. San José, Costa Rica. In Eng.
"The case of Lysenkoism in the Soviet Union helps us understand how people's wrong beliefs can be influenced by what...information they receive from outside, especially when there is a large volume of media coverage and there is no contrary information to be heard. The population control movement in [the] contemporary United States has many parallels to the Lysenko episode."
Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

65:10010 Thumerelle, Pierre-Jean. A population torn between explosion and stagnation, youth and aging. [Une population écartelée entre explosion et stagnation, jeunesse et vieillissement.] Bulletin de l'Association de Géographes Français, No. 5, 1994. 486-94 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
This is a general introduction to a special issue of the journal devoted to global population developments. The author notes that although the populations of different regions are generally following the same trends, they are at very different stages of development, and that there are significant differences in the characteristics of the global population by region. The social and cultural factors that tend to slow down the process of population change are examined. The author also considers such demographic developments as the increasing spatial concentration of the population, urbanization, internal migration, refugee movements, and international migration.
Correspondence: P.-J. Thumerelle, Université de Lille 1, U.F.R. de Géographie et Aménagement, Cité Scientifique, B.P. 36, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

65:10011 United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York). The state of world population, 1998: the new generations. ISBN 0-89714-444-9. 1998. iv, 76 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a general review of the global population situation. There are chapters on the dynamics of population change, the young population, intergenerational relations, increased longevity, and resources for new generations.
Correspondence: United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (UN).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

65:10012 Blackorby, Charles; Bossert, Walter; Donaldson, David. Birth-date dependent population ethics: critical-level principles. Journal of Economic Theory, Vol. 77, No. 2, Dec 1997. 260-84 pp. San Diego, California. In Eng.
"This paper investigates birth-date dependent principles for social evaluation in an intertemporal framework in which population size may vary. We weaken the strong Pareto principle in order to allow individuals' birth dates to matter in establishing a social ordering. Using the axiom independence of the utilities of the dead, we characterize population principles with a recursive structure. If the individual substitution principle and an individual intertemporal equivalence axiom are added, birth-date dependent generalizations of the critical-level generalized utilitarian principles result. Stationarity leads to the special case of geometric discounting."
Correspondence: C. Blackorby, University of British Columbia, Department of Economics, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:10013 de Bruijn, Bart J. Foundations of demographic theory: choice, process, context. NethurD Publication Series A, ISBN 90-5170-474-7. [1998]. 298 pp. Netherlands Graduate School of Housing and Urban Research: Utrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This book provides an interpretative framework that integrates a number of theoretical approaches to various behavioural processes underlying the numerical aspects of population development. The leading concepts in this interdisciplinary approach are choice, context and process (time), which are elaborated in a micro-perspective, drawing on cognitive, institutional and developmental interpretations. The resulting framework is developed for the study of fertility and is applied to a case study on family planning and reproductive health in India."
Correspondence: Utrecht University, Netherlands Graduate School of Housing and Urban Research, Heidelberglaan 8, P.O. Box 80125, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10014 Ihara, Yasuo; Aoki, Kenichi. Sexual selection by male choice in monogamous and polygynous human populations. Theoretical Population Biology, Vol. 55, No. 1, Feb 1999. 77-93 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"The theoretical possibility of coevolution of a viability-reducing female physical trait and a male mating preference for that trait by Fisherian sexual selection in monogamous and polygynous populations is demonstrated using two-locus haploid models. It is assumed that there is dichotomous variation in male resources, resource-rich males have a wider choice among females than resource-poor males, and a female has greater reproductive success when mated with a resource-rich male than a resource-poor one. Under these assumptions, we find that sexual selection operates effectively when female reproductive success is strongly dependent on male resource, the proportion of females that mate with resource-rich males is neither small nor large, the degree of polygyny is low, and resources are inherited from father to son. We suggest that some human female physical traits may have evolved by sexual selection through male choice. The evolution of skin color by sexual selection is discussed as an example."
Correspondence: Y. Ihara, University of Tokyo, Department of Biological Sciences, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

65:10015 Livi-Bacci, Massimo. Population, constraint and adaptation: a historical outlook. In: Science with a human face: in honor of Roger Randall Revelle, edited by Robert Dorfman and Peter P. Rogers. Jul 1997. 209-25 pp. Harvard University, School of Public Health: Boston, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper is one further attempt to reformulate Malthus' theory with the additional knowledge accumulated during the last two centuries. I will start by defining growth and its dimensions, and examine the way in which different populations fit in the space so defined.... I will discuss the mode of operation of those mechanisms of adaptation and choice that make it possible for populations to react or adapt to the forces of constraint. Finally, I will argue that those populations with maximum flexibility in the face of the forces of constraint are likely to be more successful, and I will discuss the implications of this assertion."
Correspondence: M. Livi-Bacci, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Piazza San Marco 4, 50121 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10016 Strassmann, Beverly I.; Clarke, Alice L. Ecological constraints on marriage in rural Ireland. Evolution and Human Behavior, Vol. 19, No. 1, Jan 1998. 33-55 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Behavioral ecological studies of cooperatively breeding birds suggest that delayed dispersal and reproduction are caused by ecological constraints on independent breeding opportunities. Here we use census data on marriage and reproduction among the 19th and 20th century rural Irish to determine if the ecological constraints hypothesis can be extended to humans and what modifications might be required.... Despite important differences between humans and other species, we conclude that the rural Irish fall within the scope of ecological constraints theory."
Correspondence: B. I. Strassmann, University of Michigan, Department of Anthropology, 1020 LSA Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1382. E-mail: bis@umich.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

65:10017 Wood, James W. A theory of preindustrial population dynamics: demography, economy, and well-being in Malthusian systems. Current Anthropology, Vol. 39, No. 1, Feb 1998. 99-135 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"This paper presents a simple model of preindustrial population dynamics, one that brings together the theoretical insights of Thomas Robert Malthus and Ester Boserup. Central to the model is the concept of well-being, which refers to those aspects of physical condition that influence an individual's capacity to survive and reproduce. Changes in the mean and variance in well-being are modeled, first, under a fixed system of food production and, second, in the face of subsistence change.... The model is used to explore several issues of enduring importance to demographic anthropology, including the nature of population regulation, the relationship between population pressure and economic change, and the demographic consequences of the transition from hunting and gathering to settled agriculture."
Correspondence: J. W. Wood, Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute, 601 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA 16802-6211. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:10018 Zhang, Shulin. An application in the methods of population geography. Geographical Review of India, Vol. 56, No. 2, Jun 1994. 53-6 pp. Calcutta, India. In Eng.
In this theoretical study, the relevance of synthetic analysis to the study of population geography is considered. The author suggests that neural networks, like those involved in brain simulation, could be used to further develop the usefulness of synthetic analysis in population geography. Two approaches are considered. The author concludes that synthetic analysis alone can be used to solve practical problems in population geography. Instead, synthetic analysis involving the interconnecting concepts of neural networks is suitable for tackling more complicated problems.
Correspondence: S. Zhang, Chongqing Teachers College, Department of Geography, Chongqing 630047, China. Location: Pennsylvania State University Library, University Park, PA.

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

No citations in this issue.

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

65:10019 Blossfeld, Hans-Peter; Rohwer, Götz. Techniques of event history modeling: new approaches to causal analysis. ISBN 0-8058-1959-2. LC 95-23513. 1995. ix, 294 pp. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, New Jersey. In Eng.
This is a basic introductory textbook to event history modeling techniques and their usefulness for causal analysis in the social sciences. The focus is on the application of continuous-time models rather than discrete-time models. The work has three stated goals, which are to demonstrate that event history models are an extremely useful approach to uncovering causal relationships or to map out a system of causal relations, to introduce the reader to the computer program Transition Data Analysis (TDA), and to update a previous textbook on the subject.
Correspondence: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 10 Industrial Avenue, Mahwah, NJ 07430. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10020 Brown, Robert L. Introduction to the mathematics of demography. 3rd ed. ISBN 1-56698-205-7. LC 91-13446. 1997. xii, 287 pp. ACTEX Publications: Winsted, Connecticut. In Eng.
This undergraduate textbook provides an introduction to demography from a mathematical perspective, and includes a survey of the foundational mathematics required in much demographic work. "Examples are drawn from North American applications and studies. Each chapter includes an array of problems to be solved, and the extensive bibliography presents the reader with an opportunity for further study." There are chapters on data sources and errors, measures of mortality and fertility, the life table, constructions of life tables from census data, stationary population theory, stable population theory, population projections, and uses of census data.
Correspondence: ACTEX Publications, P.O. Box 974, Winsted, CT 06098. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10021 Everett, Suzanne. Handbook of contraception and family planning. ISBN 0-7020-2001-X. 1996. xiii, 240 pp. Baillière Tindall: London, England. In Eng.
"This book aims to offer a comprehensive introduction to the role of the family planning nurse. It addresses some of the problems encountered during consultations, and offers the opportunity to test and evaluate your knowledge through self-assessment questions. The answers to these questions are discussed at the end of each chapter."
Correspondence: Baillière Tindall, 24-28 Oval Road, London NW1 7DX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10022 Hinde, Andrew. Demographic methods. ISBN 0-340-71891-9. LC 98-28793. 1998. xiii, 305 pp. Arnold: London, England; Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This is a basic introduction to the methods used in demographic analysis. "Looking at mortality and fertility, population dynamics and population projections, nuptiality and migration, [the author] demonstrates that most demographic methods are applications of certain fundamental principles. The book covers material taught in introductory courses in population analysis, while also including more advanced topics such as parity progression ratios, survival analysis and birth interval analysis. Most chapters are followed by a range of exercises, and a comprehensive set of solutions to these exercises is provided at the end of the book. Accompanying Quattro and Microsoft Excel spreadsheet files with data for all the numerical exercises, plus some additional files of data from recent censuses and surveys, are provided on the World Wide Web; instructions for obtaining these files are included in the book."
Correspondence: Arnold, 338 Euston Road, London NW1 3BH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:10023 Leridon, Henri; Toulemon, Laurent. Demography. A statistical and dynamic approach to the study of population. [Démographie. Approche statistique et dynamique des populations.] Collection Economie et Statistiques Avancées, ISBN 2-7178-3316-1. LC 97-227304. 1997. 440 pp. Economica: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an introductory textbook to the study of demography requiring a minimum of prior knowledge in mathematics or statistics. Following a brief introduction to the history of demography, there are sections on population growth and inertia, the analysis of demographic events, statistical methods, the study of causes, and population dynamics. The concepts introduced are illustrated with data and examples for France in particular and the world in general.
Correspondence: Economica, 49 rue Héricart, 75015 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.