Volume 64 - Number 4 - Winter 1998

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications. Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations, as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

64:40559 Australia. Western Australia. Mid West Development Commission (Geraldton, Australia); Australia. Western Australia. Department of Commerce and Trade (Perth, Australia). Mid West people and population: a portrait of the population of Western Australia's Mid West Region. 1996. [6], 67 pp. Geraldton, Australia. In Eng.
This document describes the characteristics of the population of the Mid West Region of Western Australia. There are chapters on population and demographics; education and training; and labor force, employment, and income. The chapter on population has sections on total population, projections, spatial distribution, sex and age distribution, ethnic groups, language, citizenship, marital status and living arrangements, family types, migration, and housing.
Correspondence: Mid West Development Commission, SGIO Building, 45 Cathedral Avenue, P.O. Box 238, Geraldton, WA 6531, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40560 Australia. Western Australia. South West Development Commission (Bunbury, Australia); Australia. Western Australia. Department of Commerce and Trade (Perth, Australia). South West people and population: a portrait of the population of Western Australia's South West Region. Aug 1996. 64 pp. Bunbury, Australia. In Eng.
This document describes the characteristics of the population of the South West Region, the most populated region of Western Australia. There are chapters on population and demographics; education and training; and labor force, employment, and income. The chapter on population has sections on total population, projections, spatial distribution, sex and age distribution, ethnic groups, language, citizenship, marital status and living arrangements, family types, migration, and housing.
Correspondence: South West Development Commission, 9th Floor, Bunbury Tower, 61 Victoria Street, Bunbury, WA 6230, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40561 de Klerk, M. M. Y.; Ras, M. Estimating the future number of disabled elderly people by using a model population. [Schatting van het toekomstige aantal hulpbehoevende ouderen met behulp van een micromodelbevolking.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 46, No. 8, Aug 1998. 16-20 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"By using a model population, the composition of the future elderly population [in the Netherlands] has been simulated. Demographic forecasts and forecasts on the level of educational attainment of elderly people were used to construct this model population. As the percentage of elderly people with disabilities is expected to fall due to an increasing level of educational attainment, the number of dependent elderly people will, over the next two decades, increase much slower than the total number of elderly people."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40562 Dlugosz, Zbigniew. The problem of defining changes in demographic old age in Poland in a spatial context. [Próba okreslenia zmain starosci demograficznej Polski w ujeciu przestrzennym.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 43, No. 3, Mar 1998. 15-27 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
The author analyzes the demographic characteristics of the elderly population in Poland. The focus is on the spatial distribution of the elderly around the country.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40563 Dumont, Frédéric. The young people. [Les jeunes.] Espace, Populations, Sociétés, No. 2, 1998. 139-310 pp. Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, U.F.R. de Géographie: Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
This special issue contains papers on the situation of young people throughout the world. Papers are included on the measurement and study of the young population; transition to adulthood in Italy (in English); home-leaving of young adults in France; and living arrangements of youth in Belgium.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, U.F.R. de Géographie, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40564 Finland. Tilastokeskus (Helsinki, Finland). Population structure 1997. [Väestörakenne 1997/Befolkningens sammansättning 1997.] Väestö/Befolkning/Population, No. 5, ISBN 951-727-480-7. 1998. 164 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng; Fin; Swe.
"This publication contains data on the structure of the population in Finland in 1997. At the beginning of the publication there is a summary of the recent population development." Tabular data are provided on population by age, sex, marital status, language, and region; country of birth; citizenship; live-born children; and religious affiliation.
Correspondence: Tilastokeskus, P.O. Box 3B, 00022 Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40565 Grasland, Claude. The analysis of territorial discontinuities: the example of the age structure of European regions around the year 1980. [L'analyse des discontinuités territoriales: l'exemple de la structure par âge des régions européennes vers 1980.] Espace Géographique, Vol. 26, No. 4, 1997. 309-26 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"Territorial discontinuity, in other words gaps which appear along the border of a territorial grid representing different criteria of dissimilarity, could be a sign of the existence of social or spatial discontinuity. The multivariate analysis of these territorial discontinuities allows for the extraction of standard and directional components which simplify their interpretation. The application of the age structure case concerning 701 European regions, around the year 1980, shows the significance and deficiencies of this approach."
Correspondence: C. Grasland, Université de Paris I, CNRS, URA 1243, Equipe P.A.R.I.S., 13 rue du Four, 75006 Paris, France. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

64:40566 Hemam, Natabar S.; Reddy, B. Mohan. Demographic implications of socioeconomic transition among the tribal populations of Manipur, India. Human Biology, Vol. 70, No. 3, Jun 1998. 597-619 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"The demographic implications of socioeconomic transition are studied among the three subsistence categories of the Gangte, a little known tribe from northeast India. Reproductive histories of 444 ever-married women and other data on the 343 households from which these women were drawn were collected from 11 villages representing the 3 transitional groups. A trend of increasing household income and literacy of couples was observed from shifting cultivators to settled agriculturists to the town-dwelling Gangte. The effect of socioeconomic transition is also seen in the constriction at the base of the age-sex pyramid of the town dwellers compared with the other subsistence categories, suggesting a relatively lower proportion of children in the 0-5-year-old age group."
Correspondence: N. S. Hemam, Indian Statistical Institute, Anthropology and Human Genetics Unit, 203 Barrackpore Trunk Road, Calcutta 700 035, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:40567 Hong Kong. Census and Statistics Department (Hong Kong, China). A profile of the females in Hong Kong, 1996. Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics, Jul 1998. [1-15] pp. Hong Kong, China. In Eng; Chi.
Data from the 1996 by-census of Hong Kong are used to develop a profile of the female population. The profile includes housing and household, educational status, and economic characteristics.
Correspondence: Census and Statistics Department, 19/F Wanchai Tower, 12 Harbour Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong, China. E-mail: genenq@censtad.gcn.gov.hk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40568 Hugo, Graeme. Intergenerational wealth flows and the elderly in Indonesia. In: The continuing demographic transition, edited by G. W. Jones et al. 1997. 111-33 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper seeks to demonstrate the relevance of the Caldwells' ideas [on demographic transition theory] to the development of understanding of the ageing transition being experienced to a greater or lesser extent in all countries of the world, but especially in less developed countries (LDCs).... The focus here is upon a single LDC, Indonesia...." Changing patterns of intergenerational transfers and their implications for the well-being of the aged are discussed.
Correspondence: G. Hugo, University of Adelaide, Department of Geography, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40569 Hullen, Gert. Life histories in West and East Germany: longitudinal analyses of the German Family and Fertility Survey. [Lebensverläufe in West- und Ostdeutschland: Längsschnittanalysen des deutschen Family and Fertility Surveys.] Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts für Bevölkerungsforschung, No. 26, ISBN 3-8100-2085-0. 1998. 185 pp. Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany; Leske und Budrich: Opladen, Germany. In Ger.
This research report examines the life histories of the generation of working age in Germany over the past few decades, with an emphasis on the differences between the past and the present, and between the former East and West Germany. Data are from the German Family and Fertility Survey (FFS) undertaken in 1992.
Correspondence: Leske und Budrich, Gerhart-Hauptmann-Straße 27, 51379 Leverkusen, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40570 Johnson, Paul. Grey horizons: who pays for old age in the 21st century? Australian Economic Review, No. 3, 1996. 261-71 pp. Parkville, Australia. In Eng.
"This article challenges pessimistic interpretations of the economic impact of population ageing that have been advanced by the World Bank and others. Common perceptions of an `old age crisis' are shown to result from a narrow reading of demographic data. Future changes in the age structure of the population will be no greater than those already experienced and accommodated in the last fifty years, and estimates of demographic dependency ratios provide an unreliable basis for future economic projections. Although population ageing will require a larger proportion of income to be transferred from years of work to years of retirement, this cost cannot be significantly reduced by shifting from public to private pension systems." The geographical focus is on Australia.
Correspondence: P. Johnson, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History, Houghton Street, Aldwych, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:40571 Kumar, Vinod. Ageing in India--an overview. Indian Journal of Medical Research, Vol. 106, Oct 1997. 257-64 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author discusses aging trends in India, with a focus on ways of dealing with the resulting dependency burden. Sections are included on various dimensions of aging, the health status of the elderly, mortality and morbidity, and psychosocial status and support for the aged.
Correspondence: V. Kumar, 147 Charak Sadan, Vikas Puri, New Delhi 110 018, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40572 Lerchl, A. Seasonality of sex ratio in Germany. Human Reproduction, Vol. 13, No. 5, May 1998. 1,401-2 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"It was investigated whether there is a seasonal variation in sex ratio at birth in Germany. The analysis was based on records from the German Bureau for Statistics, covering the period from 1946 to 1995. A highly significant...albeit low-amplitude rhythm was found with two peaks in May and December, and two nadirs in March and October. No correlations were found between sex ratios and seasonal birth rates during this period."
Correspondence: A. Lerchl,, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Institute of Reproductive Medicine, Domagkstraße 11, 48129 Münster, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40573 Myers, George C. Emerging demographic changes in an ageing world: an overview. Australian Journal on Ageing, Vol. 17, No. 1, Suppl., 1998. 66-8 pp. Melbourne, Australia. In Eng.
"This overview reviews the presentations on demographic trends that were given at tie IAG [International Association of Gerontology] Congress in Adelaide and the pre-Congress satellite in Singapore. It provides a framework for the field of the demography of ageing, and suggests some promising future research directions. The presentations provided the main features of trends in the demography of population ageing occurring in the main regions of the world."
Correspondence: G. C. Myers, Duke University, Center for Demographic Studies, 2117 Campus Drive, Box 90408, Durham, NC 27708-0408. E-mail: gcm@cds.duke.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40574 Navarro López, Manuel. Demographic aging in the developed countries. [El envejecimiento de la población en los países desarrollados.] In: La explosión demográfica y la regulación de la natalidad, edited by José Botella Llusiá and Salustiano del Campo Urbano. 1997. 115-9 pp. Editorial Síntesis: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a general review of the process of demographic aging, which is currently affecting much of the developed world. Separate attention is given to the health and economic problems associated with this trend.
Correspondence: M. Navarro López, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40575 Sagaza, Haruo. A retrospective of Japanese demography for the most recent two decades. Part 1: developments in research on population structure and aging. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 20, May 1997. 73-81 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
This is a review of research by Japanese demographers over the past two decades on population structure, particularly trends in age distribution, and demographic aging.
Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

64:40576 Schwarz, Karl. Factors determining the aging of a population--the example of Germany. [Bestimmungsgründe der Alterung einer Bevölkerung--Das deutsche Beispiel.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 22, No. 2-3, 1997. 347-59 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"One hundred years ago not even 8% of the population was over 60 years of age in Germany. This group comprises more than 20% of the population today, and gradually the share of this age group is rising to 35% and more. Instrumental factors in past and future development are the levels of mortality and fertility, the size and structures of migration movement and also development of the population to date. The effects of these four factors of influence will be examined with the help of population models."
Correspondence: K. Schwarz, Klopstockstraße 14, 65187 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40577 Thumerelle, Pierre-Jean. More than a billion young people. [Plus d'un milliard de jeunes.] Espace, Populations, Sociétés, No. 2, 1998. 147-64 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author discusses the demographics of the world's population of young people, with a focus on the difficulties involved in characterizing this population. "Concepts are vague and difficult to transpose from [one] part of the world to another, and the limits of the subject are indistinct.... We can observe a great diversity of situations that will strengthen in the future. To this diversity add differences inside the nations and differences in schooling, labour, marriage, sexuality, relationships, culture, all depending on gender and place...that cannot be cut off from the social, demographic and political environment."
Correspondence: P.-J. Thumerelle, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Laboratoire de Géographie Humaine, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40578 Valente Rosa, Maria J. Demographic aging: a proposal to consider the course of events. [Envelhecimento demográfico: proposta de reflexão sobre o curso dos factos.] Análise Social, Vol. 31, No. 139, 1996. 1,183-98, 1,302-7 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author discusses methods of developing ideas about how aging societies should react to demographic aging. "Some ideas are introduced that the author believes to be fundamental to a consideration of the subject. One of these is the concept of demographic ageing as a natural development that does not necessarily mean that societies where it happens are condemned."
Correspondence: M. J. Valente Rosa, Universidade Nova de Lisbon, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Departamento de Sociologia, Praça do Príncipe Real 26, 1250 Lisbon, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility.

64:40579 Bonneux, Luc; Barendregt, Jan J.; Van der Maas, Paul J. The expiry date of man: a synthesis of evolutionary biology and public health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 52, No. 10, Oct 1998. 619-23 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"In this article, we discuss expectations of future mortality, morbidity, and health care costs in developed countries with high levels of health and health care.... We will first explain the fundamentals of evolutionary theory. Then we discuss consequences for future public health." Data for Dutch women in 1950-1954 and 1985-1989 are used as an illustration.
Correspondence: L. Bonneux, Erasmus University Medical School, Department of Public Health and Social Medicine, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40580 Vaupel, James W. The remarkable improvements in survival at older ages. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B, Vol. 352, No. 1363, Dec 29, 1997. 1,799-804 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This is a general review of trends in survival at older ages around the world. "Remarkable progress...has been made since 1950, and especially since 1970, in substantially improving survival at older ages, even the most advanced ages.... The progress in improving survival has accelerated the growth of the population of older people and has advanced the frontier of human survival substantially beyond the extremes of longevity attained in pre-industrial times. Little, however, is known about why mortality among the oldest-old has been so plastic since 1950."
Correspondence: J. W. Vaupel, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Doberaner Straße 114, 18057 Rostock, Germany. E-mail: postmaster@demogr.mpg.de. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population, and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation.

64:40581 Agree, Emily M.; Biddlecom, Ann E.; Chang, Ming-cheng; Perez, Aurora E. Generalized exchange and intergenerational transfers in Taiwanese and Filipino families. Hopkins Population Center Papers on Population, No. WP 98-06, Aug 1998. 31 pp. Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins Population Center: Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"This study examines resource transfers between older parents and their adult children in the Philippines and Taiwan. Results show that older persons are not merely recipients of support. A substantial number are involved in both giving and receiving with their children, a form of generalized exchange where resources are redistributed from one family member to another."
Correspondence: E. M. Agree, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Room W4033, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205. E-mail: eagree@jhsph.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40582 Krishna, Rajneesh; Pattnaik, Binay K. Occupational mobility in an urban community. Demography India, Vol. 26, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1997. 207-27 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The basic objective of the paper is to examine different aspects of occupational mobility in an urban community [in India].... Our first objective is to find out the extent of occupational mobility at both inter-generational and intra-generational level and its reflection on the extent of openness of the stratification system.... The second objective is to analyse the average distance of occupational mobility. And the third objective is to compare the extent of upward mobility with that of downward mobility.... Our fourth and last objective is to find out the extent of pure occupational mobility and thereby the extent of structural mobility among the sample respondents."
Correspondence: R. Krishna, Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Powai, Mumbai 400 076, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40583 Lam, Kit-Chun; Liu, Pak-Wai. Immigration, population heterogeneity, and earnings inequality in Hong Kong. Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 16, No. 3, Jul 1998. 265-76 pp. Huntington Beach, California. In Eng.
"This paper analyzes the heterogeneity effect of immigration on earnings inequality by decomposing the aggregate measure of total inequality. The analysis shows that a substantial portion of an increase in measured inequality could be due to shifts in shares of heterogeneous population groups caused by immigration policy rather than by widening earnings dispersion within these groups. The analysis is illustrated with census data of Hong Kong from 1981 to 1991."
Correspondence: K.-C. Lam, Hong Kong Baptist University, Department of Economics, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China. E-mail: kclam@hkbu.edu.hk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40584 Paulin, Geoffrey; Riordon, Brian. Making it on their own: the baby boom meets Generation X. Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 121, No. 2, Feb 1998. 10-21 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This article examines various measures of economic well-being for 18- to 29-year-old single persons in three periods: 1972-73 (Boomers I), 1984-85 (Boomers II), and 1994-95 (Generation X). Using data from the [U.S.] Consumer Expenditure Survey, it analyzes differences in incomes and spending patterns to see how, if at all, these measures have changed, and how today's young singles are indeed `making it on their own'."
Correspondence: G. Paulin, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Consumer Expenditure Surveys, Washington, D.C. 20212. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

64:40585 Pfeffer, Max J.; Frost, Jason. Labor market areas, economic achievement and immigration. Population and Development Program Working Papers Series, No. 97.01, 1997. 9, [10] pp. Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"This paper identifies several questions emerging from recent sociological literature on immigrant assimilation. We address these needs by means of an analysis of the [1990 U.S. Public Use Microdata Sample] using [hierarchical linear models]. We conclude with a discussion of the implications of these findings for the analysis of labor market effects on individual economic achievement."
Correspondence: Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program, 134 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40586 Schultz, T. Paul. Inequality in the distribution of personal income in the world: how it is changing and why. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 11, No. 3, 1998. 307-44 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"The variance in the logarithms of per capita GDP in purchasing-power-parity prices increased in the world from 1960 to 1968 and decreased since the mid 1970s. In the later period the convergence in inter-country incomes more than offset any increase in within country inequality. Approximately two-thirds of this measure of world inequality is intercountry, three-tenths interhousehold within country inequality, and one-twentieth between gender differences in education. If China is excluded from the world sample, the decline in world inequality after 1975 is not evident. Measuring confidently trends in household and gender inequality will require much improved data."
Correspondence: T. P. Schultz, Yale University, Economic Growth Center, P.O. Box 208269, 27 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06520-8269. E-mail: paul.schultz@yale.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40587 Varma, G. Visakha; Rayappa, P. Hanumantha. Occupational classification systems and intergenerational occupational mobility studies: some methodological issues. Demography India, Vol. 26, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1997. 229-40 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The subject matter of this paper is the issues concerned with the methodology of occupational classification in the measurement of intergenerational occupational mobility.... [We use an] occupational classification system to verify the pattern of intergenerational occupational mobility of a sample of 404 individuals (202 respondents and their 202 wives) drawn from...the city of Calicut in the state of Kerala [India]...."
Correspondence: G. V. Varma, Maharaja's College, Department of Economics, Ernakulam 682 011, Kerala, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

64:40588 Amin, Sajeda; Diamond, Ian; Naved, Ruchira T.; Newby, Margaret. Transition to adulthood of female garment-factory workers in Bangladesh. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 29, No. 2, Jun 1998. 185-200 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This article examines data from a study on garment-factory workers in Bangladesh to explore the implications of work for the early socialization of young women. For the first time, large numbers of young Bangladeshi women are being given an alternative to lives in which they move directly from childhood to adulthood through early marriage and childbearing. Employment creates a period of transition in contrast to the abrupt assumption of adult roles at very young ages that marriage and childbearing mandate. This longer transition creates a period of adolescence for young women working in the garment sector that is shown to have strong implications for the women's long-term reproductive health."
Correspondence: S. Amin, Population Council, Policy Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40589 Boggess, Scott. Family structure, economic status, and educational attainment. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1998. 205-22 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This study examines the effect of family structure on high school graduation by race and gender using data from the first twenty-one waves of the [U.S.] Panel Study of Income Dynamics and recently available retrospective marital histories.... The analysis tests the hypothesis that the negative effect on educational attainment often associated with living in a mother-only or stepfather family stems primarily from the reduced level of economic resources available to these households. Empirical findings indicate that living with a widowed, divorced, or separated mother has little or no effect on educational attainment once we control for economic status. However, living in a stepfather family appears to have a persistent negative effect on high school graduation rates."
Correspondence: S. Boggess, Georgetown University, Department of Demography, 37th and O Streets NW, Washington, D.C. 20057-1043. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40590 Bürkner, Hans-Joachim. Residential segregation among the "Aussiedler" population in the Federal Republic of Germany. [Kleinräumliche Wohnsegregation von Aussiedlern in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1998. 55-69 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"Residential segregation among the `Aussiedler' [ethnic German immigrant] population in Germany has been an issue of growing interest.... Yet, there is a significant lack of empirical evidence about problems related to it. This article contributes to the understanding of the appearance, the causes, and the consequences of the socio-residential segregation of ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe within selected German cities. Segregation is explained in terms of the ways by which this group gains access to the housing market. Especially, institutional factors, such as the modes of distribution within the public housing sector, are shown to be substantial to it. In spite of high degrees of spatial concentration, the intensity of internal social relations of this group does not reach the level of other equally segregated minorities."
Correspondence: H.-J. Bürkner, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Geographisches Institut, Goldschmidtstraße 5, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40591 Caldwell, Gary. School. [L'école.] Cahiers Québécois de Démographie, Vol. 27, No. 1, Spring 1998. 172 pp. Association des Démographes du Québec: Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This special issue contains four articles and two research notes on education. Aspects considered include school attendance and continuity, educational success, graduation, dropping out, the length of time spent on studies, the effect of outside work by young people on schooling, the effects of gender and social class, distance from the school, the integration of the handicapped in schools, and the factors that improve primary education. The primary geographical focus is on Quebec and Canada, but a paper is also included on the Central African Republic.
Correspondence: Association des Démographes du Québec, C.P. 403, Succursale Côte-des-Neiges, Montreal, Quebec H3S 2S7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40592 Chattopadhyay, Arpita. Gender, migration, and career trajectories in Malaysia. Demography, Vol. 35, No. 3, Aug 1998. 335-44 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"With data from the Malaysian Family Life Survey, I use a continuous-state hazards model to study the impact of migration on the dynamics of individuals' careers.... The results show that migration alters the career trajectory primarily by accelerating the process of occupational mobility rather than by increasing the level of occupational attainment. Further, the effect of migration on careers varies by type of migration, especially for women."
Correspondence: A. Chattopadhyay, Kansas State University, Department of Sociology, 204 Waters Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506-4003. E-mail: arpita@ksu.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40593 Curran, Sara; McLanahan, Sara; Knab, Jean. Ties that bind: marital history, kinship ties and social support among older Americans. OPR Working Paper, No. 98-1, Apr 1998. 27, [8] pp. Princeton University, Office of Population Research [OPR]: Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"This study analyzes the importance of marital history (as one measure of kin network) to intergenerational exchanges of support among the elderly using the first round of the [U.S.] National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH1, 1987-88). Specifically we examine the impact of never being married as well as multiple marriages (accounting for different ways that marriages may be disrupted), relative to one marriage, upon potential social support as measured along three dimensions: emergencies, borrowing money, and talking with someone when depressed."
Correspondence: Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Author's E-mail: curran@princeton.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40594 DeVos, Susan; Arias, Elizabeth. Female headship, marital status and material well-being--Colombia 1985. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Vol. 39, No. 2, Jun 1998. 177-97 pp. Leiden, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The potentially conflicting observations that members of female-headed households in Latin America tend to be especially poorly off but that one does not need to live in a female-headed household to face utter poverty can be reconciled in part by considering household structure in terms of female headship and marital status. We illustrate this point using a microfile of the 1985 Colombia census of housing and population, focussing on mothers aged 15-59. While headship [affects] the material wellbeing of single, separated/divorced, and widowed mothers, mothers in a consensual union tend to be badly off materially even when they do not head their own household. Considering mothers outside consensual unions, formally married non-head mothers tend to be materially better off than non-married head mothers but not as well off as non-married non-head mothers."
Correspondence: S. DeVos, University of Wisconsin, Department of Sociology, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40595 Hannum, Emily; Xie, Yu. Ethnic stratification in Northwest China: occupational differences between Han Chinese and national minorities in Xinjiang, 1982-1990. Demography, Vol. 35, No. 3, Aug 1998. 323-33 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"We explored rising occupational stratification by ethnicity in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region [China]. Analyses of census data from 1982 and 1990 pointed to educational disadvantages faced by ethnic minorities as the most plausible explanation for the change. Multivariate analysis revealed a significant increase in the effect of education on high-status occupational attainment but no change in the effect of ethnicity."
Correspondence: E. Hannum, Harvard University, Graduate School of Education, 454 Gutman, 6 Appian Way, Cambrige, MA 02138. E-mail: emily_hannum@harvard.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40596 Hörning, Elisabeth. Religion and demographic behavior: Upper Kassel, 1670-1810. [Konfession und demographisches Verhalten: Oberkassel, 1670-1810.] Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung, Vol. 23, No. 1-2, 1998. 275-98 pp. Cologne, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"With the sample of a village of 670 inhabitants (1810), it is investigated whether the religious denomination, Catholic or Calvinist, has any influence on the demographic behaviour of a rural population. A well developed knowledge of denominational consciousness was observed; there were few interfaith marriages or conversions and the differences in the naming of children were distinctive. There were not such big differences in the demographic behaviour. As examples, the age at marriage, premarital sexuality (over 20% of births were premarital conceptions) and the number of births were nearly equal. In life expectancy there was a seven year denominational difference. All women were noticeable by their low number of births, high age at marriage and high age at last birth. Family limitation was achieved through birth spacing, particularly by Protestant women after the third child onwards. In sum, a large degree of this rural population's demographic behaviour was observable, but only a few were influenced by denominational or religious norms."
Correspondence: E. Hörning, Im Tannenbusch 5, 53119 Bonn, Germany. E-mail: uzs80x@ibm.rhrz.uni-bonn.de. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40597 Hoyler, Michael. Small town development and urban illiteracy: comparative evidence from Leicestershire marriage registers 1754-1890. Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung, Vol. 23, No. 1/2, 1998. 202-30 pp. Cologne, Germany. In Eng.
"Based on the analysis of Anglican marriage registers for the period 1754 to 1890, the article explores patterns of illiteracy in three small Leicestershire [England] towns with contrasting economic functions. Illiteracy levels were closely related to urban occupational and social structures, which also affected distinct gender differentials. Evidence [of] the effect of literacy on age at marriage and marriage distance suggests that demographic behaviour and spatial interaction were determined more by socio-economic factors than by the possession of literacy skills. Literacy attainment, however, was linked to extended marriage distances when both spouses could sign the register."
Correspondence: M. Hoyler, Universität Heidelberg, Geographisches Institut, Im Neuenheimer Feld 348, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. E-mail: mihoyler@idefix.geog.uni-heidelberg.de. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40598 Janssens, Angélique. Women and employment in the domestic economy of the Netherlands, 1880-1960: the case of Enschede. [Mujeres y trabajo en la economía doméstica de los Países Bajos, 1880-1960: el caso de Enschede.] Boletín de la Asociación de Demografía Histórica, Vol. 15, No. 2, 1997. 55-78 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The relationships among women, work, and the family in the Netherlands are examined using data on the life course of one cohort of just over 200 women born in the town of Enschede between 1881 and 1885 and the techniques of event history analysis. "The data suggest that, at least for Enschede in the first half of the twentieth century, women's group culture as determined by religious denomination played a much more dominant role than various types of social class and work variables. In fact, socio-economic influences on the whole did not appear to be of much influence on the demographic behaviour of women. From this analysis Enschede appears to be a town not vertically divided along socio-economic groups, but rather as a society divided horizontally, along religious and cultural lines."
Correspondence: A. Janssens, University of Nijmegen, Comeniuslaan 4, P.O. Box 9201, 6500 HC Nijmegen, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40599 Kritz, Mary M.; Makinwa-Adebusoye, Paulina. Ethnicity, work and family as determinants of women's decisionmaking autonomy in Nigeria. Population and Development Program Working Papers Series, No. 97.06, 1997. 13, [7] pp. Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"In this paper we look at several indicators of women's work for pay and family situation in Nigeria and evaluate how they affect their decisionmaking autonomy.... We attempt to evaluate the importance of the macro dimension by examining variations in decisionmaking autonomy across five Nigerian ethnic groups that differ sharply along gender lines.... Our main goal...is to shed light on the importance of employment and family organization for women's autonomy."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1997 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program, 134 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40600 Lesthaeghe, R.; Surkyn, J.; Van Craenem, I. Dimensions and determinants of integration-related attitudes among Turkish and Moroccan men in Belgium. IPD Working Paper, No. 1998-4, 1998. 23, [5] pp. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interface Demography: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"In this paper we shall examine five dimensions of cultural change that are directly related to the integration process and to the patterns of community reconstruction of the Turkish and Moroccan populations in Belgium.... We...summarize the major differences in the patterns of community reconstruction of these two groups.... We [then situate] these empirical findings in a broader context."
Correspondence: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interface Demography, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. E-mail: esvbalck@vub.ac.be. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40601 Mensch, Barbara S.; Lloyd, Cynthia B. Gender differences in the schooling experiences of adolescents in low-income countries: the case of Kenya. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 29, No. 2, Jun 1998. 167-84 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This article examines the school environment in Kenya and the ways it can help or hinder adolescents. Gender differences are considered with a view toward illuminating some factors that may present particular obstacles or opportunities for girls. Using both qualitative and quantitative data, 36 primary schools in rural areas in three districts of Kenya are studied.... In the primary-school-leaving exam, girls' performance is poorer than that of boys. Teachers' attitudes and behavior reveal lower expectations for adolescent girls, traditional assumptions about gender roles, and a double standard about sexual activity."
Correspondence: B. S. Mensch, Population Council, Policy Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40602 Myers, Dowell; Lee, Seong Woo. Immigrant trajectories into homeownership: a temporal analysis of residential assimilation. International Migration Review, Vol. 32, No. 3, Fall 1998. 593-625 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This study explores the rate of advancement into homeownership of immigrants, relative to native borns, in Southern California, a principal region of immigrant settlement.... Recent immigrants as well as young native borns are newcomers to the housing market and have lower attainment levels than earlier arrivals or older cohorts. Cohort trajectories are tracked from 1980 to 1990, adjusting for the influence of income, education, English proficiency, and marital status. Asian immigrants achieved extraordinarily high levels of homeownership soon after arrival, whereas Hispanic immigrants demonstrated sustained advancement into homeownership from initially very low levels."
Correspondence: D. Myers, University of Southern California, University Park, Los Angeles, CA 90089. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40603 South, Scott J.; Crowder, Kyle D. Housing discrimination and residential mobility: impacts for blacks and whites. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 17, No. 4, Aug 1998. 369-87 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"We merge metropolitan-level measures of racial discrimination in housing markets derived from two national housing audit studies, along with tract-level 1980 census data, with the 1979-1985 waves of the [U.S.] Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine the impact of housing discrimination on patterns of residential mobility between neighborhoods of varying racial composition. We find no evidence that housing discrimination in the metropolitan area impedes African Americans' mobility into whiter neighborhoods. Contrary to expectations, in multivariate analyses based on black movers, the level of housing discrimination is positively associated with the percentage of the population that is white in the tract of destination."
Correspondence: S. J. South, State University of New York, Department of Sociology, SS-340, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222. E-mail: s.south@albany.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40604 Surkyn, Johan. Social integration of ethnic minorities: indicators at the family level. IPD Working Paper, No. 1998-2, 1998. 28 pp. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interface Demography: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"In this paper we shall investigate several behavioural components of integration, drawing on survey data from the two major Islamic minorities in Belgium, i.e. Turks and Moroccans.... We shall mainly focus on family formation, partner choice, marriage and contraception.... Firstly we shall describe various paths of change, and, secondly, we wish to explain the different positions of subgroups along these paths."
Correspondence: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interface Demography, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. E-mail: esvbalck@vub.ac.be. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

64:40605 Darden, Joe T.; Bagaka's, Joshua G.; Ji, Shun-Jie. Racial residential segregation and the concentration of low- and high-income households in the 45 largest U.S. metropolitan areas. Journal of Developing Societies, Vol. 13, No. 2, Dec 1997. 171-94 pp. Leiden, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The objectives of this paper are to determine the relationship between racial residential segregation and (1) the spatial concentration of low- and high-income households, and (2) the socioeconomic characteristics of racial minority households. The three largest racial minority groups are compared (blacks, Hispanics, and Asians) in the largest 45 metropolitan areas in the United States. Data were obtained from the U.S. bureau of the Census' Population and Housing Summary Tape files. The results revealed that residential segregation of blacks was distinctly different from Asians and Hispanics. Moreover, for Asians and Hispanics, their socioeconomic characteristics matter in their level of residential segregation. For black households, however, their socioeconomic characteristics matter little."
Correspondence: J. T. Darden, Michigan State University, Urban Affairs Programs, East Lansing, MI 48824-1109. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:40606 DeBarros, Kymberly; Bennett, Claudette. The black population in the United States: March 1997 (update). Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 508, Jun 1998. 1 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report briefly describes "detailed tabulations...which provide demographic characteristics on the social and economic status of the civilian noninstitutional Black population in the United States, based on the March 1997 Current Population Survey.... The [complete] set...consists of 16 tables (107 pages).... The electronic version of these tables is available on the Internet, at the Census Bureau's World-Wide Web Site (http://www.census.gov)."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOM, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40607 DellaPergola, Sergio; Even, Judith. Papers in Jewish demography 1993 in memory of U. O. Schmelz. Jewish Population Studies, No. 27, ISBN 965-90154-1-0. 1997. 389 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of the demographic session at the 11th World Congress of Jewish Studies, held in Jerusalem, Israel, in June 1993. The 22 papers are organized under six topic headings: Disciplinary and methodological issues; Evolution of Jewish population in East Europe; Jewish urban ecology; Jews in the United States; Jewish population and identification in other Western countries; and Jewish population trends in Israel. A bibliography of the work of the late Uziel O. Schmelz is included.
Correspondence: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics, Gaster Building, Mount Scopus Campus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel. E-mail: databank@hum.huji.ac.il. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40608 DellaPergola, Sergio. World Jewish population, 1995. In: American Jewish year book 1997, edited by David Singer and Ruth R. Seldin. ISBN 0-87495-111-9. LC 99-4040. 1997. 513-44 pp. American Jewish Committee: New York, New York. In Eng.
"This article presents updates, for the end of 1995, of the Jewish population estimates for the various countries of the world. The estimates reflect some of the results of a prolonged and ongoing effort to study scientifically the demography of contemporary world Jewry. Data collection and comparative research have benefited from the collaboration of scholars and institutions in many countries, including replies to direct inquiries regarding current estimates.... In spite of the increased fragmentation of the global system of nations, about 95 percent of world Jewry is concentrated in ten countries. The aggregate of these major Jewish population centers virtually determines the assessment of the size of total world Jewry, estimated at 13-13.1 million persons at the end of 1995."
For a previous report for 1994, see 64:10617.
Correspondence: S. DellaPergola, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Gaster Building, Mount Scopus Campus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:40609 Fong, Eric; Guila, Milena. The effects of group characteristics and city context on neighborhood qualities among racial and ethnic groups. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 24, No. 1, 1997. 45-66 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this paper, we argue that the structural contexts of the city in conjunction with group characteristics are important to explain variations in neighborhood qualities among racial and ethnic groups. We further argue that these city structural contexts have different effects on the attainment of neighborhood qualities of racial and ethnic groups. Analyses based on a unique data set from the 1991 Canadian Census support our arguments. Policy implications of the results are also discussed."
Correspondence: E. Fong, University of Toronto, 215 Huron Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40610 Frey, William H.; Geverdt, Douglas. Changing suburban demographics: beyond the "black-white, city-suburb" typology. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 98-422, Jul 1998. 19, [30] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"To provide a general framework for how and where minorities will become a factor in [U.S.] suburban populations this research provides two perspectives. One of these is to emphasize the variations in population growth dynamics among the 39 largest metropolitan areas which shape the sizes and race-ethnic profiles of the suburban populations.... A second perspective focuses on making distinctions between different types of communities within `the suburbs' for purposes of evaluating minority-suburban change." The focus is on Los Angeles, Atlanta, and Detroit.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. E-mail: psc-pubs@umich.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40611 Hewner, Sharon J. Fertility, migration, and mortality in an old order Amish community. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 10, No. 5, 1998. 619-28 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Mortality, fertility, and migration data were used to identify population structure in a group of Old Order Amish living in New York State.... Despite evidence that suggests that the Amish have health risks comparable to U.S. population and that they under-utilize health care, this study demonstrates that Amish age standardized death rates are 19% below the U.S. death rate in 1960. Natural fertility combined with low infant mortality, migrating to form new communities when population density increased, and selective but appropriate use of western biomedicine have emerged as strong cultural patterns that facilitated reproductive success and longevity among the Amish."
Correspondence: S. J. Hewner, D'Youville College, Buffalo, NY 14201-1084. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40612 Kemper, Franz-Josef. Foreigners in Germany: ethnic diversity and regional patterns. [Ausländer in Deutschland: ethnische Vielfalt und regionale Schwerpunkte.] Geographische Rundschau, Vol. 49, No. 7-8, Jul-Aug 1997. 392-8 pp. Brunswick, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"This contribution gives an overview of the development of ethnic minorities and foreign population-groups in Germany within a regional perspective. Following a discussion of the complex terminology used to describe residential groups of foreigners, immigrants, and ethnic minorities, the recent history of immigration to West and East Germany is outlined. As a consequence of the succession of different `waves' of migrants, the ethnic diversity has strikingly risen during the last decades. Whereas guest-workers from most Mediterranean countries of Europe decreased, a strong increase is typical of refugees (former Yugoslavia) and asylum applicants (selected Third World countries), of migrants from Eastern Europe as well as of highly-skilled migrants from industrialized countries. For some of these groups, the spatial patterns are compared in the final part of the paper."
Correspondence: F.-J. Kemper, Humboldt-Universität, Geographisches Institut, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Germany. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

64:40613 Lassalle, Didier. The gradual generalization of the collection of ethnic statistics in the United Kingdom. [La généralisation progressive du recueil de statistiques ethniques au Royaume-Uni.] Population, Vol. 53, No. 3, May-Jun 1998. 609-30 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The United Kingdom explicitly acknowledges the existence of `minority ethnic groups' within its national population.... However, the ethnic question [in the census] presents numerous limitations and defects.... For example, the classification used prevents the correct identification of people of mixed origin or of their children, and the coverage rate varies with the geographical localization, age, sex and ethnic origin of individuals. Despite these shortcomings, most of the surveys which already existed have adopted this new standard and the ethnic classification of the British population has spread to all fields of social analysis."
Correspondence: D. Lassalle, Université de Paris XIII, IUT de Villetaneuse, avenue J.-B. Clément, 93430 Villetaneuse, France. E-mail: lassalle@iutv.univ-paris13.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40614 Leridon, Henri. The variable "ethnicity" as a statistical concept. [La variable "ethnie" comme catégorie statistique.] Population, Vol. 53, No. 3, May-Jun 1998. 537-630 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This selection of four articles is about the concept of ethnicity in national statistics. Three of the papers are concerned with France and one with the United Kingdom. The focus is on whether it is possible, useful, and legitimate to categorize individuals by membership of a group defined on the basis of race or ethnicity.
Correspondence: H. Leridon, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40615 Lott, Juanita T. Asian Americans: from racial category to multiple identities. Critical Perspectives on Asian Pacific American Series, ISBN 0-7619-9172-7. LC 98-8882. 1998. 115 pp. AltaMira Press: Walnut Creek, California. In Eng.
This study examines the subject of classification by race in the United States, focusing on the extent to which such definitions have evolved over time and been transformed into tools for enforcing civil rights. "After a historical background, [the author] gives a detailed explanation of the origins and implications of Directive 15--a critical juncture in the recent legal development of census and national data categories. She then turns to the complexities of Asian American identities, deconstructing widely accepted minority/majority classifications, and historicizing the changing definitions of those labels."
Correspondence: AltaMira Press, Division of Sage Publications, 1630 North Main Street, Suite 367, Walnut Creek, CA 94596. E-mail: explore@altamira.sagepub.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40616 Lovell, W. George; Lutz, Christopher H. "A dark obverse": Maya survival in Guatemala, 1520-1994. Geographical Review, Vol. 86, No. 3, Jul 1996. 398-407 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"We review diverse sets of data relating to Maya survival in Guatemala. We chart, from the eve of conquest to the present, the collapse and eventual recovery of one of Latin America's most fascinating Indian cultures.... Our aim is to summarize the salient features of a complex demographic situation in the hope of shedding light on an enduring Maya presence, one that increasingly challenges traditional notions of what a Guatemalan nation-state should be and on what terms Maya peoples contained within it (or, in some cases, now living beyond it) should live...."
Correspondence: W. G. Lovell, Queen's University, Department of Geography, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:40617 Min, Pyong Gap. Asian Americans: contemporary trends and issues. ISBN 0-8039-4335-0. LC 94-37827. 1995. vii, 295 pp. Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, California/London, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of studies by various authors on Asian Americans in the United States, focusing on the major ethnic groups: Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Indian, Korean, Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian. "Some of the issues explored are occupational and economic adjustment, assimilation and ethnicity, intermarriage, intergroup relations, demographic patterns, and marital and family adjustment. The chapters also discuss the impact of migration on traditional customs and values of Asian Americans as well as their impact on U.S. economy, politics, education, culture, and intergroup relations in cities."
Correspondence: Sage Publications, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. E-mail: order@sagepub.com. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:40618 Peloe, Andrew; Rees, Philip; Phillips, Deborah. The spatial dynamics of Britain's ethnic communities: estimating the changing ethnic geography of London 1981-91. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 98/3, Jun 1998. 56 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
"This working paper presents the concepts, methodology and results from a project seeking to produce population estimates for the different ethnic groups of London's Boroughs for the year 1981. Ethnicity is explained as a conceptual framework, methodology and results are described, and an analysis of change over the period 1981 to 1991 is undertaken. Estimates are produced using three different methodologies and various data sources: the 1991 Census Local Base Statistics, the 1991 Individual Sample of Anonymised Records, and the 1981 Longitudinal Study. It is concluded that a combination of data sets and methodologies will provide more satisfactory results."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Author's E-mail: pgap@geog.leeds.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40619 Prins, C. J. M. Changes of nationality, 1997. [Wijzigingen van nationaliteit, 1997.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 46, No. 9, Sep 1998. 17-24 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"In the 1990s the annual number of changes of nationality [in the Netherlands] was much higher than during the preceding decades.... The large number of changes of nationality led to a decrease in the number of non-Dutch nationals in the Netherlands. On 1 January 1998 they numbered 678 thousand. Four years earlier their number was more than 100 thousand higher.... If no changes of nationality would have taken place since 1975, the number of non-Dutch nationals in the Netherlands would have been approximately 1.2 million on 1 January 1998...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40620 Rallu, Jean L. The statistical categories used in French departments and territories overseas since the beginning of French administration. [Les catégories statistiques utilisées dans les DOM-TOM depuis le début de la présence française.] Population, Vol. 53, No. 3, May-Jun 1998. 589-608 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author reviews the statistical classifications that were developed for France's colonial populations. "When this classification does not allow for multi-racial marriage and identifies individuals on the basis of a single ancestral origin, it becomes an instrument for compartmentalizing the population and maintaining the social status quo. In the countries which experience immigration, the various [statuses]--citizen, legal resident, refugee, etc.--reflect a social hierarchy that appears related to differences in access to the labour market."
Correspondence: J.-L. Rallu, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: rallu@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40621 Scheckner, Jeffrey. Jewish population in the United States, 1996. In: American Jewish year book 1997, edited by David Singer and Ruth R. Seldin. ISBN 0-87495-111-9. LC 99-4040. 1997. 215-37 pp. American Jewish Committee: New York, New York. In Eng.
Estimates of the Jewish population of the United States are presented. "Based on local community counts--the method for identifying and enumerating Jewish population that serves as the basis of this report--the estimated size of the American Jewish community in 1996 was 5.9 million. This is about 6 percent more than the 5.5 million `core' Jewish population estimated in the Council of Jewish Federations' 1990 National Jewish Population Survey (NJPS).... The demographic results of the NJPS suggested that the population was growing slightly due to an excess of Jewish births over Jewish deaths during the late 1980s. However, extrapolation from the age structure suggests that for the mid-1990s, zero population growth in numbers is being realized.... At the same time, some growth in number is achieved through Jewish immigration into the United States. The most obvious example is that of Jews from the former Soviet Union, for whom the annual quota is currently set at 40,000."
For a previous report for 1994, see 64:10612.
Correspondence: J. Scheckner, City University of New York, Graduate Center, North American Jewish Data Bank, 33 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:40622 United States. Council of Economic Advisors (Washington, D.C.). Changing America: indicators of social and economic well-being by race and Hispanic origin. ISBN 0-16-049616-0. Sep 1998. vi, 74 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This chart book is intended to document current differences [in the United States] in well-being by race and Hispanic origin and to describe how such differences have evolved over the past several decades.... The charts...show key indicators of well-being in seven broad categories: population, education, labor markets, economic status, health, crime and criminal justice, and housing and neighborhoods.... The indicators in the charts were selected on the basis of their importance for economic and social well-being, as well as the quality and availability of data.... The appendix indicates how to access additional information on these topics from Federal government agencies."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402-9328. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998-1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.