Volume 64 - Number 4 - Winter 1998

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical up to World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

64:40545 Asociación de Demografía Histórica (Barcelona, Spain). Bulletin of the Historical Demography Association. [Boletín de la Asociación de Demografía Histórica.] Boletín de la Asociación de Demografía Histórica, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1998. 389 pp. Barcelona, Spain. In Por. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
This special issue is devoted to the research carried out at NEPS, the Núcleo de Estudos da População e Sociedad located at the Universidade do Minho in Brazil. The 11 contributions describe the findings of several of the research projects undertaken at NEPS, primarily concerning the historical demography of the Brazilian population.
Correspondence: Asociación de Demografía Histórica, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics, Edifici E2, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40546 Bailey, Roy E.; Chambers, Marcus J. The impact of real wage and mortality fluctuations on fertility and nuptiality in precensus England. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 11, No. 3, Aug 1998. 413-34 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper explores the responses of fertility and nuptiality to fluctuations in real wages and mortality that can be inferred from annual series of English historical data over the period 1542 to 1800. The paper begins with a review of the time series properties of the data and summarizes the long-term equilibrium relationships identified in previous work.... An investigation is made of the impact of shocks to real wages and mortality on demographic variables as measured by generalized impulse responses and persistence profiles."
Correspondence: R. E. Bailey, University of Essex, Department of Economics, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England. E-mail: rbailey@essex.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40547 Da Molin, Giovanna. Population and society: demographic systems in the Kingdom of Naples in the modern era. [Popolazione e società: sistemi demografici nel Regno di Napoli in età moderna.] Saggi e Ricerche, No. 8, LC 96-230728. 1995. 248 pp. Cacucci Editore: Bari, Italy. In Ita.
This is a collection of six studies by the author, some previously published and some read at conferences but not yet published. They all concern aspects of demography in southern Italy during the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries. The titles are as follows: Archival sources and historical demographic research in southern Italy (seventeenth to nineteenth centuries); Evolution of the population and demographic mechanisms in the kingdom of Naples in the modern era (seventeenth and eighteenth centuries); Mobility of peasants from Puglia between the end of the seventeenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries; Famine and epidemic in 1763-1764 in Capitanata [a province of the kingdom of Naples]; The demographic development of Foggia from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century; and Modalities of child abandonment and characteristics of exposed children in seventeenth-century Naples.
Correspondence: Cacucci Editore, Via Nicolai 17, 70122 Bari, Italy. Location: Harvard University Library, Cambridge, MA.

64:40548 Dupâquier, J.; Garden, M.; Théré, C.; Leridon, H. Population and history. [Population et historie.] Population, Vol. 53, No. 1-2, Jan-Apr 1998. iii, 438 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This special issue is dedicated to three eminent demographers, Jean-Noël Biraben, Jacqueline Hecht, and Jacques Houdaille. The 17 papers are organized into three sections on the history of demographic ideas and theories, the INED historical survey on the population of France from 1500 to 1900, and the analysis of demographic data and trends. Bibliographies of the work of Biraben, Hecht, and Houdaille are also included.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40549 France. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED] (Paris, France). Analysis of demographic facts and behavior. [L'analyse des faits et des comportements démographiques.] Population, Vol. 53, No. 1-2, Jan-Apr 1998. 271-397 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This section contains six studies on various historical demographic topics. They are: The demographic history of abortion, by Etienne Van de Walle; The components of biological kinship in a regime of natural fertility: the example of old Quebec, by Jean-François Naud, Bertrand Desjardins, and Hubert Charbonneau; London or Paris? A great debate in political arithmetic (1662-1759), by Jacques Dupâquier; For a socio-economic study of small towns: the example of Belley in 1695, by Olivier Zeller; The urban surplus of women in preindustrial France and the role of domestic service, by Antoinette Fauve-Chamoux; and Cholera and the question of insanitary housing in Paris (1832-1849), by René le Mée.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40550 France. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED] (Paris, France). The history of demographic thought and inquiry. [Sur l'histoire des idées et des savoirs démographiques.] Population, Vol. 53, No. 1-2, Jan-Apr 1998. 13-177 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This selection of eight studies on aspects of the history of demographic thought and theory contains articles on Cyrano de Bergerac, Gottfried Leibniz, Louis Messance, and Thomas Malthus. There are also articles on the debate about polygamy in eighteenth-century France, the use of the quipu as a source of information on the population of the Americas, and the tahirs (or censuses) of 1885 and 1907 in the Ottoman Empire.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40551 Mills, Dennis; Schürer, Kevin. Local communities in the Victorian census enumerators' books. ISBN 0-904920-33-X. 1996. [xii], 450 pp. Leopard's Head Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
This book, which is a supplement to the journal Local Population Studies, presents a selection of articles by various authors on the census enumerators' books (CEBs), one of the key documentary sources of information about life in Victorian England. "This volume is divided into six key parts, each developing a particular theme. They are, as follows: the enumeration process; population and demography; employment and occupations; migration and population turnover; family and household structure; residential patterns. Each part is introduced by an editorial chapter which explores the potential and possibilities of the CEBs in relation to the themes in question, as well as providing an overview of previous research work and the approaches taken. The points raised in the editorials are then illustrated by a number of chapters based on articles originally published in the Local Population Studies journal, specially revised and extended for this volume."
Correspondence: Leopard's Head Press, 1-5 Broad Street, Oxford OX1 3AW, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40552 Moring, Beatrice. Family strategies, systems of inheritance, and the care of the elderly in eastern and western Finland from a historical perspective. [Estrategias familiares, sistemas hereditarios y el cuidado de los ancianos en Finlandia oriental y occidental desde una perspectiva histórica.] Boletín de la Asociación de Demografía Histórica, Vol. 15, No. 2, 1997. 113-34 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Some factors affecting the situation of the elderly in pre-industrial Finland are analyzed. "The strategies for survival in a traditional agrarian society differed from those of the parts of Europe already integrated into capitalism and a monetary economy. Over time the efforts of the landholders to keep their land and provide for their children came to grief with the increase in population and the impossibility of continuous expansion within the agrarian sector. With the proletarianisation insecurity in old age became a prospect for an increasing part of the population and the societal responses of countries that had experienced industrialisation at an earlier date had to be sought."
Correspondence: B. Moring, Renvall Institute of Historical Research, P.O. Box 59, 00014 Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40553 Séguy, Isabelle. Surveys in historical demography. The Jean-Noël Biraben Survey: the population of France from 1500 to 1700. A list of the sources for the numerical part of the survey. [Enquêtes de démographie historique. Enquête Jean-Noël Biraben. La population de la France de 1500 à 1700. Répertoire des sources de la partie numérique de l'enquête.] INED Dossiers et Recherches, No. 67, Apr 1998. 35 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This document presents a list of the sources of the data used in the historical demographic survey developed under the direction of Jean-Noël Biraben. The sources consist of French parish registers, and information is provided on the names of the department, commune, and parish concerned, and on the years for which the data on baptisms, marriages, and burials have been used in the survey.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past. Relevant items are coded here and, if of more general interest than to historical demography alone, are cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

64:40554 Arkell, Tom; Whiteman, Anne. Mean household size in mid-Tudor England: Clackclose hundred, Norfolk. Local Population Studies, No. 60, Spring 1998. 20-33 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The authors attempt to determine whether mean household size for the whole of England during the Elizabethan period can be calculated from the available data. "In Tudor times, some 90 per cent or so of the English population still lived in the countryside and small towns, for which census-type evidence is remarkably rare. In this article we examine the few which have survived for the later sixteenth century and concentrate in particular on one major source for part of Norfolk, which has been seriously under used so far."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40555 Bocquet-Appel, Jean-Pierre; Bacro, Jean N. Estimates of some demographic parameters in a Neolithic rock-cut chamber (approximately 2000 BC) using iterative techniques for aging and demographic estimators. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 102, No. 4, Apr 1997. 569-75 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Two new techniques--one anthropological, which estimates the mean age at death for adult skeletons, the other demographic, which gives main survivorship curve parameters--are used on a sample of skeletons (N=170) discovered in a Neolithic rock-cut chamber (Loisy-en-Brie, France). The iterative technique for aging used a stochastic sampled F matrix derived from the trabecular involution of the femoral head observed in the reference collection of Coimbra (Portugal; N=421). The results, obtained from techniques and data, independent of each other, are strongly consistent. Overall, they give a life expectancy at birth of about 25-28 years and the probability of death at 1 and 5 years, respectively, of about .271-.249 and .429-.380."
Correspondence: J.-P. Bocquet-Appel, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 152, Musée de l'Homme, 17 place du Trocadero, 75116 Paris, France. E-mail: bocquet@mnhn.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:40556 Bonneuil, Noël. Reconstructing the female population of the department of Hérault between 1856 and 1906 using data from the Statistique Générale of France. [Reconstruire la population féminine de l'Hérault entre 1856 et 1906, à partir des données de la Statistique Générale de la France.] Population, Vol. 53, No. 3, May-Jun 1998. 517-33 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The reconstruction of populations on the basis of imperfect statistics encounters problems notably in the form of under-registration, age-heaping, and the difficulty of estimating migrations. In a recent book dealing with all of France's departments, the author presented a solution which involved a minimum of modification to the raw data and which enabled demography's fundamental equations to be satisfied. This article applies that approach to the case of the Hérault département, where the statistics for the middle of the nineteenth century are particularly poor. The exact nature of the difficulties is explored and a rigorous solution set out."
Correspondence: N. Bonneuil, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: bonneuil@ciloas.ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40557 Parkinson, Elizabeth. Interpreting the Compton census returns of 1676 for the diocese of Llandaff. Local Population Studies, No. 60, Spring 1998. 48-57 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"One of the main sources for estimating population totals in the later-seventeenth century is the Compton census of 1676. This ecclesiastical census was intended to provide estimates, made up from individual parish returns, of the number of conformists, popish recusants and protestant dissenters in England and Wales.... This paper examines the Compton returns for part of Llandaff diocese...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40558 Wrigley, E. A. How reliable is our knowledge of the demographic characteristics of the English population in the early modern period? Historical Journal, Vol. 40, No. 3, Sep 1997. 571-95 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"Anglican parish registers have been the basis for most studies of population trends and characteristics in early modern England, and one of the most important of the techniques used in analysing them has been family reconstitution.... This article attempts to describe the range of difficulties and dilemmas involved in studying the demography of populations in the past when using this source of data and this technique of analysis. A variety of tests is deployed to establish the degree of reliability attaching to the results obtained in a recent exercise based on the family reconstitution of 26 parishes, and more generally to assess the opportunities open to scholarship in this area and the pitfalls associated with such work."
Correspondence: E. A. Wrigley, University of Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge CB2 1RH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

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