Volume 64 - Number 4 - Winter 1998

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration. Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects.

64:40049 Courville, Serge. A historical atlas of Quebec. People and land. [Atlas historique du Québec. Population et territoire.] ISBN 2-7637-7494-6. 1996. xiii, 182 pp. Les Presses de l'Université Laval: Sainte-Foy, Canada. In Fre.
This atlas describes the origins and evolution of the settlement of the Canadian province of Quebec, the primary focus being on the settlement of Quebec by a population of predominantly French origin. There are chapters on the first conquests, the settlement of the low-lying lands, toward the plateaus and toward the town, the rural exodus and migration out of the province, and the most recent decades.
Correspondence: Les Presses de l'Université Laval, Edifice Jean-Durand, 2336 chemin Sainte-Foy, Sainte-Foy, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

64:40050 Kupiszewski, Marek; Bucher, Hansjörg; Durham, Helen; Rees, Philip. Internal migration and regional population dynamics in Europe: German case study. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 98/11, Oct 1998. vi, 45 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
"This paper reports on internal migration and regional population dynamics and to a lesser extent on international migration in Germany. It examines internal migration patterns and trends [from 1984 to] 1993, and compares them. Germany has a particularly sophisticated population system with a large number of population categories behaving in a very different way. The indigenous population shows a pattern of urban deconcentration typical for affluent West-European countries, both in the forms of suburbanisation and counterurbanisation. All other groups of migrants, those coming from former East Germany, those of German origin coming from outside Germany (Aussiedler) and other international migrants, show a pattern of strong concentration in urban centres. As far as migrations from East to West Germany is concerned the pattern is changing, as the number of migrants declines rapidly. Also in East Germany itself there is a marked shift."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40051 Swain, Sumitra N.; Verma, Ravi K. Social and psychological consequences of crowding. Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 43, No. 3, Sep 1997. 44-53 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
"The present study was designed to study the role of perception/the feeling of crowding vis-à-vis objective crowding in determining its social and psychological consequences [in India]. Broadly, it is hypothesised that perception/the feeling of crowding would be more important as compared to population density per se in determining the social and psychological consequences of crowding."
Correspondence: S. N. Swain, International Institute for Population Sciences, Department of Extramural Studies, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai 400 088, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40052 Wong, David W. S.; Chong, Wing K. Using spatial segregation measures in GIS and statistical modeling packages. Urban Geography, Vol. 19, No. 5, Jul-Aug 1998. 477-85 pp. Palm Beach, Florida. In Eng.
"It is generally known that many traditional measures of segregation cannot distinguish different spatial population patterns. Several spatial measures of segregation have been proposed to overcome this problem, but these spatial measures are difficult to use because they require explicit spatial information and complex computation. This paper shows that Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can provide the spatial information required by these indices and that statistical packages can offer the complex computation functions needed to calculate the indices. We use ARC/INFO as the GIS package and S-Plus as the statistical package to demonstrate how spatial segregation indices can be calculated by combining the capabilities of these two types of systems." Data from Washington, D.C., and Connecticut are used to demonstrate this methodology.
Correspondence: D. W. S. Wong, George Mason University, Geography and Earth Systems Science, Fairfax, VA 22030. E-mail: dwong2@gmu.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration.

64:40053 Farvacque-Vitkovic, Catherine; Godin, Lucien. The future of African cities: challenges and priorities for urban development. Directions in Development, ISBN 0-8213-3886-2. LC 98-20604. 1998. x, 176 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The World Bank has played a fundamental role both in strategic thinking about urban problems and in implementing urban development programs and projects.... This book addresses two basic questions: What have we learned? Where are we going? It takes stock of two decades of experience in urban development [in Francophone Africa], proposes a common-sense priority agenda for the urban sector in the region, and suggests some operational tools to carry it out."
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40054 Fincher, Ruth. Population questions for Australian cities: reframing our narratives. Australian Geographer, Vol. 29, No. 1, Mar 1998. 31-47 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"I focus on urban environments and on immigration as that segment of population growth often viewed as having certain effects on cities. The paper argues for a reframing of narratives linking population and urban environments, so that both immigrant-led population growth and the condition of urban environments in Australia can be understood as the product of the political and economic interpretations being made of the nation's internationalisation, which in turn has consequences for diversity amongst places and peoples."
Correspondence: R. Fincher, University of Melbourne, Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. E-mail: r.fincher@architecture.unimelb.edu.au. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40055 Frankhauser, Pierre. The fractal approach. A new tool for the spatial analysis of urban agglomerations. Population: An English Selection, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1998. 205-40 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"Fractal geometry is a new approach for the study of spatial distributions.... The methods of fractal analysis can be used to study the spatial organization of human activities across scales. The regularities and the discontinuities in the distributions can then be identified. These discontinuities can be spatially situated. Applying this concept to urbanized areas has shown that districts can be defined and classified according to their scaling relations, thereby allowing development of a typology of locational patterns.... An examination of time series shows that despite the apparent fragmentation of these urban tissues, urbanization is often accompanied by self- structuring development."
For the French version of this article, see 64:10059.
Correspondence: P. Frankhauser, Université de Franche-Comté, 32 rue Mégevand, 25030 Besançon, France. E-mail: pierre.frankhauser@univ-fcomte.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40056 Guest, Philip. Urbanization and its implications for health services. Journal of Population and Social Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jul 1998. 21-52 pp. Nakhon Pathom, Thailand. In Eng. with sum. in Tha.
"The main aim of this paper is to suggest potential paths through which urbanization is related to the distribution of health services. In pursuit of this aim, the major portion of the paper will be devoted to describing patterns of urbanization. Although the paper will concentrate on the experience of one country, Thailand, the second section of the paper will provide a broad overview of developments in the Southeast Asian region as a whole."
Correspondence: P. Guest, Mahidol University, Institute for Population and Social Research, 25/25 Puthamontol, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand. E-mail: prplg@mahidol.ac.th. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40057 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division (New York, New York). World urbanization prospects: the 1996 revision. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations and of urban agglomerations. No. ST/ESA/SER.A/170, Pub. Order No. E.98.XIII.6. ISBN 92-1-151317-0. 1998. viii, 191 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This publication presents results from the 1996 revision of the UN estimates and projections of the urban and rural populations and urban agglomerations for the major areas, regions, and countries of the world. IBM diskettes containing these data are also available for purchase.
For the 1994 revision, see 61:30079.
Correspondence: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40058 Zhang, L.; Zhao, Simon X. B. Re-examining China's "urban" concept and the level of urbanization. China Quarterly, No. 154, Jun 1998. 330-81 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Our objectives in this paper are: (1) to clarify current understandings on and to examine the weaknesses in China's urban concept and official data; and (2) to readjust China's urban population data and hence the level of urbanization in line with both the international practice and the situation found in China.... We first identify the important issues that create confusion and controversies. This background is then used to develop a conceptual framework for an estimate of China's urban population. Finally, based on a series of empirical studies, China's urban population and urbanization level are adjusted."
Correspondence: S. X. B. Zhao, Hong Kong Baptist University, Department of Geography, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China. E-mail: zhaosimo@ctsc.hkbu.edu.hk. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

64:40059 Quesnel, André; Vimard, Patrice. Family recomposition and agrarian transformations. Two African cases and a Mexican one. [Recomposición familiar y transformaciones agrarias. Lectura de dos casos africanos y uno mexicano.] Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, Vol. 13, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1998. 113-39; 238 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"The authors discuss the role of the demographic regime, and particularly its changes, in agrarian transformations [using one Mexican and two West African case studies]. The hypothesis that guides this research...is that the factor of demographic structure explains the workings and reproduction of several social formations. The authors are specially interested in rethinking the debate over the role of innovation in the relation between population and production changes."
Correspondence: A. Quesnel, Institut Français de Recherche pour le Développement en Coopération, 24 rue Bayard, 75008 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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