Volume 64 - Number 3 - Fall 1998

N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models

Studies concerned with demographic methods and with methods from other disciplines that have been applied to demographic data as a whole. Includes mathematical demography and studies on methods of estimation and indirect estimation. Methodological studies and models concerned with one demographic variable, such as migration, are coded under the category concerned with that topic and cross-referenced to this heading. Studies on models used to investigate relationships between demographic variables and for the analysis of empirical data are also coded under this heading.

64:30798 Aziz, K. M. A.; Mosley, W. Henry. The history, methodology, and main findings of the Matlab project in Bangladesh. In: Prospective community studies in developing countries, edited by Monica Das Gupta et al. 1997. 28-53 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England; International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liège, Belgium. In Eng.
This chapter describes the continuous surveillance project started in 1963 in Matlab, Bangladesh, the primary purpose of which was to field-test cholera vaccines. It "will highlight major elements in the design and implementation of Matlab field operations and related data-management issues. These will be discussed in the context of the technical requirements for some of the major research projects that were carried out in the Matlab area. Major attention will be given to the establishment and evolution of the demographic surveillance system (DSS), as this provides the foundation for all other field research projects. In addition, some operational issues related to a number of specialized prospective research projects will be briefly noted, particularly those that involve intensive in-depth study of sub-populations using a variety of measuring instruments from the biomedical and social sciences."
Correspondence: K. M. A. Aziz, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, G.P.O. Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30799 Barbi, Elisabetta. The class of inverse projections: review of recent solutions for the analysis of the evolutionary processes of populations. [La classe delle proiezioni inverse: rassegna delle recenti soluzioni per l'analisi dei processi evolutivi delle popolazioni.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 24-25, 1996. 7-19 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The author reviews the technique of inverse projection, introduced by Ronald Lee in 1974, and its various subsequent modifications up to 1995. Its application to the study of changes in the characteristics of a population over time is discussed. Relevant computer programs are also considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30800 Courgeau, Daniel; Lelièvre, Eva. Demographic event history analysis. [L'analyse démographique des biographies.] In: Démographie: analyse et synthèse. Causes et conséquences des évolutions démographiques, Volume 1. Sep 1997. 281-9 pp. Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Demografiche: Rome, Italy; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Démographie, Département des Sciences de la Population et du Développement: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Fre.
The authors discuss how the number of surveys carried out since 1980 has led to a greater availability of longitudinal data on individuals. They focus on the implications of this fact for demographic event history analysis.
Correspondence: D. Courgeau, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30801 Das Gupta, Monica; Aaby, Peter; Garenne, Michel; Pison, Gilles. Prospective community studies in developing countries. International Studies in Demography, ISBN 0-19-829209-0. 1997. viii, 350 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England; International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liège, Belgium. In Eng.
"This book presents an overview of eleven of the most important prospective studies in developing countries in population and health research. Leading practitioners in the field report on the methodologies they have developed and used, and summarize their findings." The focus of such studies is on the basic processes of births, diseases, and deaths in a given community. The included studies show how prospective research of this kind has contributed to the observation, monitoring, and analysis of demographic behavior. Selective results from the studies on community health are presented.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30802 De Santis, Gustavo. A new measure of legitimate and illegitimate fertility. [Una nuova misura della fecondità legittima e illegittima.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 24-25, 1996. 67-83 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
A method for measuring fertility rates is presented that uses data on marital status. Two sample applications are also given, one based on contemporary Italian data from 1971, and one on historical data from Reggio Calabria, Italy, in 1748.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30803 Ghilagaber, Gebrenegus. Five essays on models and methods for the analysis of survival data with single and multiple causes of failure: with applications in family demography. Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, No. 72, ISBN 91-554-4188-2. 1998. 33 pp. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis: Uppsala, Sweden. Distributed by Uppsala University Library, Box 510, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden. In Eng.
This report presents summaries of five related studies on models and methods for the analysis of survival data with single and multiple causes of failure and their application to aspects of family demography. Following a general introduction, the five papers summarized are entitled: Similarities among some hazard-rate and duration models; Analysis of survival data with multiple causes of failure; Simultaneous log-linear modeling of multiple risks; The problem of identification in multiplicative intensity-rate models with multiple interactions; and Evaluating robustness of the Chow test for equality of two heteroscedastic log-normal duration models.
Correspondence: Uppsala Universitet, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, P.O. Box 256, 751 05 Uppsala, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30804 Grgurevic, Oleg. A contribution to procedures for the demographic evaluation of settlements. [Prilog proucavanju postupka demografskog vrednovanja naselja.] Prostor, Vol. 3, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1995. 217-32 pp. Zagreb, Croatia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"The article illustrates a qualitative procedure for the demographic evaluation of settlements based on seven interconnected demographic indicators. The procedure was used to classify settlements in the Pregrada Municipality [in Croatia]. To eliminate subjectivity present in the earlier qualitative procedure, settlements in the Pregrada Municipality were evaluated on the basis of a quantitative method. The results, in the sense of the demographic features of the settlements and their importance in Pregrada Municipality, were congruent with the actual geographical and traffic position of settlements in the municipality, and with their actual demographic importance...."
Correspondence: O. Grgurevic, University of Zagreb, Fakultet Arhitektonski, Kaciceva 26, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30805 Gueresi, Paola; Pettener, D.; Martuzzi-Veronesi, F. The method of repeated pairs of surnames in marriages in analyzing the extent of subdivisions in populations. [Il metodo delle coppie ripetute nell'analisi del grado di suddivisione di popolazioni.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 24-25, 1996. 85-96 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The authors describe a method whereby studying the frequency of repeated pairs of surnames in married couples can be used to measure the extent of genetic subgroups in a population. They illustrate the application of this method using data on geographically and/or ethnically isolated minority populations in Italy and San Marino from the eighteenth century to the 1990s.
Correspondence: P. Gueresi, Università di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30806 Patarra, Neide L.; Oliveira, Maria C. F. A. de. A critical review of fertility studies. Brazilian Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 1, 1997-1998. 25-39 pp. São Paulo, Brazil. In Eng.
The authors critically examine the theoretical and methodological bases of fertility studies, with a focus on Latin America. "Having shown that the type of concenptualization utilized in fertility studies is derived from a defined theoretical framework, that of modernization theory, we move on to an analysis of the fundamental elements of this theory and its implications and limitations in the study of reproductive behavior."
Correspondence: N. L. Patarra, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Caixa Postal 6166, CEP 13081 Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30807 Taylor, Carl E. Origins of longitudinal community-based studies. In: Prospective community studies in developing countries, edited by Monica Das Gupta et al. 1997. 19-27 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England; International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liège, Belgium. In Eng.
"Convergence of field experience in longitudinal community-based studies has evolved from three distinct disciplines: epidemiology, demography, and health systems research. For more systematic use of these methods it seems desirable to synthesize what has been learned. In this paper the historical contributions of the three disciplines are briefly described. Because of the demonstrated potential for community-based studies in improving primary health-care services, some general principles are defined to guide future efforts."
Correspondence: C. E. Taylor, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Department of International Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30808 Torrado, Susana. Family and social differentiation: some methodological questions. [Familia y diferenciación social: cuestiones de método.] ISBN 950-23-0742-9. May 1998. 263 pp. Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
This publication reproduces a number of articles written by the author between 1974 and 1998. The focus is on some methodological aspects concerning the demographic analysis of a population's social characteristics and means of identifying the differences in living standards associated with social class. The articles are organized in sections on theoretical aspects of using the family as the unit of analysis, methodological issues in sociodemographic studies using data from censuses and household surveys, the family as the unit of analysis in censuses and household surveys, the methodologies that can be used to distinguish families by socioeconomic status, the system of indicators concerning the situation of families in Latin America, and the availability and comparability of data on housing, households, and families in Argentine censuses.
Correspondence: Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires, Avenida Rivadavia 1571-3, Buenos Aires 1033, Argentina. E-mail: eudeba@eudeba.com.ar. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30809 Vaupel, James W.; Wang, Zhenglian; Andreev, Kirill F.; Yashin, Anatoli I. Population data at a glance: shaded contour maps of demographic surfaces over age and time. Odense Monographs on Population Aging, Vol. 4, ISBN 87-7838-338-2. [1998]. 98 pp. Odense University Press: Odense, Denmark. In Eng.
"This monograph presents a bouquet of shaded contour maps to suggest the broad potential of their use in population studies. The value of such maps lies in their substantive import.... Demographic surfaces can be particularly complex. A mortality surface, for example, might be defined over a century of age and a century of time, comprising 10,000 data points that may vary over four orders of magnitude. Shaded contour maps are an arresting, efficient, and clear means of giving demographers visual access to such data." A diskette containing Lexis maps is included.
Correspondence: Odense University Press, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark. E-mail: press@forlag.ou.dk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.