Volume 64 - Number 3 - Fall 1998

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical up to World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

64:30599 Dalla Zuanna, Gianpiero; Loghi, Marzia. Population and populations: preliminary territorial studies on the history of the population of Veneto, 1856-1911. [Popolazione e popolazioni: studi territoriali preliminari alla storia della popolazione veneta, 1856-1911.] Materiali di Demografia Storica, Dec 1997. 152 pp. Università degli Studi di Padova, Dipartimento di Science Statistiche: Padua, Italy; Cooperativa Libraria Editrice Università di Padova [CLEUP]: Padua, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng.
The authors study the beginnings of the demographic transition in the Veneto region of Italy from 1856 to 1911 by examining the sudden mortality decline, increasing marital fertility, and strong emigration flows from a territorial perspective, analyzing each of the area's 59 districts. After describing the broad characteristics of demographic behavior in Veneto, they synthesize social differences among the districts by calculating three principal socioeconomic components on the basis of 27 indicators. They then analyze the geography of mortality, nuptiality, fertility, migrations, and age structure and connect this with the socioeconomic context as described above. Finally, they cluster the districts into six regions on the basis of demographic indicators. They conclude that, due to various factors, there were wide internal demographic differences among the various regions of Veneto.
Correspondence: Università degli Studi di Padova, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, 35122 Padua, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30600 Faragó, Tamás. The past reaching the present (migrations in Hungary during the last third of the eighteenth century). [A máig éro múlt (Vándormozgalmak Magyarországon a 18. század utolsó harmadában).] Demográfia, Vol. 41, No. 1, 1998. 7-38 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
An analysis of migration affecting the Carpathian basin in Hungary in the eighteenth century is presented using data from official conscription records for the period 1777-1787. Clear differences are established in migrations concerning rural and urban areas. The author describes how such migration patterns in the past have affected the current ethnic distribution in the region today.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30601 Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk. Sibirskoe Otdelenie Institut Istorii (Novosibirsk, Russia). Population processes in the regional structure of Russia in the period from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. [Narodonaselencheskie protsessy v regional'noi strukture Rossii XVIII-XX vv.] 1996. 214 pp. Novosibirsk, Russia. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
These are the proceedings of a conference on aspects of population in Russia from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries; the conference was held in Russia, March 19-21, 1996. The report is organized in two parts, the first of which contains 9 longer studies, and the second 47 shorter papers. The shorter papers focus on three main topics: settlement movements and migration, reproduction and population characteristics, and current population trends and prospects. The primary geographical focus is on eastern and Asian parts of the Russian Empire and the former USSR.
Correspondence: Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Sibirskoe Otdelenie Institut Istorii, ul. Russkaya 39, 630058 Novosibirsk, Russia. Location: University of Iowa Library, Ames, IA.

64:30602 Thornton, Russell. Aboriginal North American population and rates of decline, ca. A.D. 1500-1900. Current Anthropology, Vol. 38, No. 2, Apr 1997. 310-5 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"A preoccupation with disease to account for the decline in the Native American population has fostered a simplistic view of Native American population dynamics. A more appropriate focus is on how colonialism, including its diseases, interacted with Native American demographic regimes to produce long-term rates of population decline. Fertility reductions as well as increases in mortality seem to have been important in the decline."
This paper was originally presented at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: R. Thornton, University of California, Department of Anthropology, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1553. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past. Relevant items are coded here and, if of more general interest than to historical demography alone, are cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

64:30603 Lagazio, Corrado; Pagani, Laura. The application of event history analysis to historical demographic studies. [L'applicazione della "event history analysis" a studi di carattere storico-demografico.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 24-25, 1996. 97-112 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The authors describe some statistical methods used in event history analysis, and some possible applications to historical demographic data. An example is given using data on neonatal mortality in Venice from 1850 to 1868. Several relevant statistical packages are briefly described.
Correspondence: C. Lagazio, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento Statistica, Viale Morgagn 59, 50134 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30604 Montanari, Giorgio E.; Bussini, Odoardo. The effect of sampling error on results of inverse projection: an empirical study. [L'effetto dell'errore di campionamento sui risultati dell'inverse projection: uno studio empirico.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 24-25, 1996. 131-44 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The authors conduct a simulation using population data from parishes in Perugia, Italy, from 1790 to 1830 to find out how sampling errors affect the results of inverse projections. They conclude that calculating the standard error is a necessary and possible part of such analyses.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.