Volume 64 - Number 3 - Fall 1998

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

64:30001 Chasteland, Jean-Claude; Roussel, Louis. The contours of demography: at the threshold of the twenty-first century. [Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle.] ISBN 2-7332-4017-X. 1997. viii, 434 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Eng; Fre.
These are the proceedings of an international conference held in Paris, October 25-27, 1995, in celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques (INED). The contributions are divided into two sections. The papers in the first section summarize the development of demography and of demographic research in selected developed countries, including the United States, France, Hungary, the Netherlands, Britain, the USSR, and Canada. Those in the second section examine possible future trends in demography in the same group of countries, but including Italy and excluding Canada. There is also a section containing opening and closing remarks and some comments on the state of demography.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30002 Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza. Dipartimento di Scienze Demografiche (Rome, Italy); France. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED] (Paris, France); Université Catholique de Louvain. Institut de Démographie. Département des Sciences de la Population et du Développement [SPED] (Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium). Demography: analysis and synthesis. The causes and consequences of population trends, Volume 1. [Démographie: analyse et synthèse. Causes et conséquences des évolutions démographiques, Volume 1.] Materiali di Studi e di Ricerche, Sep 1997. x, 318 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng; Fre; Ita.
These are part of the proceedings of an international seminar entitled "Population and demography: problems and policies", held in San Miniato, Italy, December 17-19, 1997. This volume contains the 16 papers that were available as of August 1997; the remaining papers were scheduled for publication in two more volumes to be made available by December 1997 or soon after. The purpose of the meeting was to continue work toward a general treatise on the methods and topics that make up the discipline of demography; this enterprise was begun at a meeting held in Siena in 1996.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
For the proceedings of the Siena meeting in 1996, see 63:10818, 63:20480, and 63:30792.
Correspondence: Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Via Nomentana 41, Rome 00161, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

64:30003 Chasteland, Jean-Claude; Roussel, Louis. The future of demography in the industrialized countries: some forward-looking reflections. [L'avenir de la démographie dans les pays industriels: quelques réflexions prospectives.] In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 207-31 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This essay is an introduction to a collection of seven studies on probable future trends in demographic studies in various developed countries. In addition to basing their comments on these studies, the authors also take into account what has been published elsewhere. They compare the different views of the future of demography held by those from different regions, contrasting the relative optimism among the Anglo-Saxons with the sense of a need for change among European demographers. They conclude that, on the eve of the twenty-first century, demography has evolved into a mature and well-defined discipline.
Correspondence: J.-C. Chasteland, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30004 Dodgson, Richard; Gray, Tim. An international environmental regime for population?: from Bucharest to Cairo. Politics, Vol. 16, No. 2, May 1996. 95-101 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Attempts by the international community to establish a regime to deal with the problem [of overpopulation] have led to the convening of three conferences, Bucharest (1974), Mexico City (1984) and Cairo (1994). But despite propitious signs of consensus during the run up period to each of these conferences, no international regime has been created. This article examines the reasons for both the initial consensus and the eventual dissensus in each case, and concludes that several pre-conditions must be met if a regime is to be established in the future."
Correspondence: R. Dodgson, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30005 Maffioli, Dionisia. Research centers and the teaching of demography. [Centri di ricerca e di insegnamento della demographia.] In: Démographie: analyse et synthèse. Causes et conséquences des évolutions démographiques, Volume 1. Sep 1997. 291-310 pp. Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Demografiche: Rome, Italy; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Démographie, Département des Sciences de la Population et du Développement: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Ita.
This is a general review of the development of the study of population since the 1930s, and of the various centers that have evolved around the world to engage in demographic research. The study concludes with a general overview of such centers based on data collected by CICRED, with a special section on demographic research at universities.
Correspondence: D. Maffioli, Università degli Studi di Bari, Palazzo Ateneo, 70121 Bari, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30006 Paddock, William C. The emasculation of the population movement. Population and Environment, Vol. 19, No. 5, May 1998. 465-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author briefly reviews the rise and fall in popularity of the population movement from 1970 to the present. The focus is on the various population conferences, funding agreements, and religious influences that have contributed to attitudes toward the population issue.
Correspondence: W. C. Paddock, Box 2968, Palm Beach, FL 33480. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

64:30007 Bauer, Peter T. Population growth: disaster or blessing? Independent Review, Vol. 3, No. 1, Summer 1998. 67-76 pp. Oakland, California. In Eng.
The author argues that "population density and poverty are not actually correlated. Poverty in the Third World is not caused by population growth or pressure. Economic achievement and progress depend on people's conduct, not on their numbers. Population growth in the Third World is not a major threat to prosperity. The crisis is invented. The central policy issue is whether the number of children should be determined by the parents or by agents of the state."
Correspondence: P. T. Bauer, London School of Economics and Political Science, Centre for Economic Performance, Houghton Street, Aldwych, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30008 Cavanaugh, Michael. Global population equilibrium: a model for the twenty-first century. Zygon, Vol. 32, No. 2, Jun 1997. 163-74 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
In light of the need expressed by Loyal Rue for bold new myths for consolidating contemporary culture, the author proposes a model for global population equilibrium that could function as a surrogate form of myth to motivate current and future ages. "Fortunately, the model is not only powerful but achievable, because policy makers have finally begun to realize how thoroughly the human population impacts on other world dynamics. The problem is reviewed, the relevance of scientific and theological studies bearing on it is shown, and the new model is described. Above all, an effort is made to show how global equilibrium can support Rue's twin requirements for the myth he commissions: namely, a foundation in plausible descriptions of reality, and a compelling normative status."
Correspondence: M. Cavanaugh, 744 Dubois, Baton Rouge, LA 70808. E-mail: MichaelCav@aol.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30009 Challier, Marie-Christine; Michel, Philippe. Dynamic analysis of populations: demographic and economic approaches. [Analyse dynamique des populations: les approches démographiques et économiques.] ISBN 2-7178-3032-4. LC 96-203329. 1996. 215 pp. Economica: Paris, France. In Fre.
Two approaches to the study of population are discussed: on the one hand, the classical economic approach taken by Malthus and others, in which population trends are closely linked to economic factors; on the other, the study of statistics about people and the relationships between demographic factors, developed by Lotka at the beginning of the twentieth century, which grew into the science of demography. After reviewing the elements and theories underlying various models of population dynamics, the authors focus on integrating the economic and demographic approaches by looking at endogenous fecundity in an economic framework.
Correspondence: Economica, 49 rue Héricart, 75015 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30010 Hull, David M. A reconsideration of Galton's problem: (using a two-sex population). Theoretical Population Biology, Vol. 54, No. 2, Oct 1998. 105-16 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"The main purposes of this paper are to promote and expound the bisexual Galton-Watson branching process as a relevant model for the consideration of Francis Galton's problem regarding the extinction of surnames of `men of note'. A scheme for adapting the bisexual process to consider Galton's problem is introduced. A necessary and sufficient condition for the certain extinction of a male-induced property in a two-sex species is presented. An approach for calculating the extinction of a male-generated characteristic in the two-sex species is proposed. That approach is then used to find the probability of the extinction of surnames in a bisexual population for Alfred Lotka's data based on a United States Census. Finally, these results are then compared with the classic extinction probabilities (from Lotka) associated with the traditional Galton-Watson branching process using asexual reproduction."
Correspondence: D. M. Hull, Valparaiso University, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Valparaiso, IN 46383. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

64:30011 Jones, Charles I. Population and ideas: a theory of endogenous growth. NBER Working Paper, No. 6285, Nov 1997. 27 pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper argues that endogenous fertility and increasing returns to scale are the fundamental ingredients in understanding endogenous growth. Endogenous fertility leads the scale of the economy to grow over time. Increasing returns translates this increase in scale into rising per capita income. A justification for increasing returns rather than linearity in the equation for technological progress is the fundamental insight of the idea-based growth literature according to this view. Endogenous fertility together with the increasing returns associated with the nonrivalry of ideas generates endogenous growth."
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Author's E-mail: Chad.Jones@Stanford.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

64:30012 Jones, Gavin W.; Douglas, R. M.; Caldwell, John C.; D'Souza, R. M. The continuing demographic transition. ISBN 0-19-829257-0. LC 97-26764. 1997. xi, 453 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The present volume arose from a meeting held in Canberra to honor John C. Caldwell at the occasion of his formal retirement. "The concept of demographic transition is a powerful one encompassing the main concerns of the volume. As a stylized demographic fact, it bears at least enough relation to the course of events over much of the world, either earlier or later in the past 150 years, for it to serve as a general organizing theme for papers which range very widely over the determinants and consequences of fertility and mortality levels and trends.... By choosing to use the term `transition' in the title of this book, we do not intend to lend credence to the sometimes misguided body of theory that has developed around it.... Rather, we intend to let the term be `all things to all people' and to let the various chapters get on with the job of presenting their stimulating insights into what lies behind the broad forces of demographic change."
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30013 Lesthaeghe, Ron. On theory development: applications to the study of family formation. Population and Development Review, Vol. 24, No. 1, Mar 1998. 1-14, 197, 199 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"In the philosophy of science, several paths for...theory integration are available, and the present essay makes use of two such approaches: Imre Lakatos's program of `progressive problem shifts' and L. Jonathan Cohen's `inductive knowledge of comparative reliability'. An application is made to three theories of the so-called second demographic transition, by showing that (1) these theories are by no means mutually exclusive, (2) their mechanisms are often interrelated and synergistic, and (3) the plausibility of a theory may depend on a chosen subgroup or context in time or space. Given these properties, such partial theories or separate narratives are prime candidates for inclusion into a more overarching multiparadigmatic and multi-causal theory."
Correspondence: R. Lesthaeghe, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Demography, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

64:30014 Fricke, Tom. Culture theory and demographic process: toward a thicker demography. In: Anthropological demography: toward a new synthesis, edited by David I. Kertzer and Tom Fricke. 1997. 248-77 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"In this chapter, I suggest that demography is in the midst of its own epistemological crisis, the seeds of which have been recognized since at least Caldwell's turn to anthropological concepts and methods some thirty years ago. Rather than leading to a stable reformulation of the demographic tradition, however, the borrowing from anthropology has had a more piecemeal effect.... In what follows, I explore the nature of demography's crises and its potential solution in cultural theories which link multiple analytic levels of culture, society, and the individual. I draw out some of the implications of this theoretical solution for method in demography and provide examples of my reasoning from empirical research into demographic and family transitions in Nepal."
Correspondence: T. Fricke, University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:30015 Hammel, Eugene A.; Friou, Diana S. Anthropology and demography: marriage, liaison, or encounter? In: Anthropological demography: toward a new synthesis, edited by David I. Kertzer and Tom Fricke. 1997. 175-200 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"In this chapter we have explored the chances for interdisciplinary bliss that may lie in some union or at least rapprochement between anthropology and demography.... The first part of our effort was to examine the historical differences between the two disciplines.... The second part of our effort was to consider how concepts of culture fit into the demographic enterprise.... Finally, we examined how working ethnographers could help demography."
Correspondence: E. A. Hammel, University of California, Department of Anthropology and Demography, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:30016 Hill, Allan G. "Truth lies in the eye of the beholder": the nature of evidence in demography and anthropology. In: Anthropological demography: toward a new synthesis, edited by David I. Kertzer and Tom Fricke. 1997. 223-47 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"Although demography (a largely technical subject) and social anthropology are hardly on the same level in terms of their disciplinary standings, it is fair to compare the approaches of anthropologists and demographers to similar problems. Here we focus on joint attempts to account for variations in the levels and trends of human fertility in different times and social contexts. We have chosen to focus on fertility but in many ways the argument might apply equally to attempts by both demographers and anthropologists to account for variations and trends in the survival of adults and children as well as to other demographic processes."
Correspondence: A. G. Hill, Harvard University, School of Public Health, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:30017 Kertzer, David I.; Fricke, Tom. Anthropological demography: toward a new synthesis. ISBN 0-226-43195-9. LC 96-46664. 1997. ix, 294 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois/London, England. In Eng.
"The chapters in this volume are substantially revised versions of papers originally presented at the Brown University Conference on Anthropological Demography, November 3-5, 1994.... This volume is motivated by a sense that the time is ripe for a reconsideration and renewal of past achievements together with the development of a new synthesis in the relationship between anthropology and demography.... The contributions take various and not always reconcilable points of view. The opening chapters, for example, illustrate that the foundations of demographic engagement with anthropology in issues of kinship, social organization, and the formation of domestic groups are as alive and valid today as in the past. Subsequent chapters expand on standard demographic concepts by demonstrating the role of anthropology in rethinking their cross-cultural validity. Some chapters more critically evaluate the relationship between demography and anthropology with reference to their epistemological roots, while others apply specific frameworks from the general anthropological and theoretical literature to demographic issues."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: University of Chicago Press, 5801 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:30018 Kertzer, David I.; Fricke, Tom. Toward an anthropological demography. In: Anthropological demography: toward a new synthesis, edited by David I. Kertzer and Tom Fricke. 1997. 1-35 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
Before analyzing the current state of relations between anthropology and demography, the editors "review the roller-coaster history of the work done at the intersection of these two fields. [They] then examine the forces within each field that today stand in the way of progress in bringing anthropology and demography together, and suggest how and why they should be overcome. Finally, [they] take a look at the topics discussed in the various chapters, before concluding with a query regarding demography's disciplinary status."
Correspondence: D. I. Kertzer, Brown University, Department of Anthropology, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:30019 Kreager, Philip. Population and identity. In: Anthropological demography: toward a new synthesis, edited by David I. Kertzer and Tom Fricke. 1997. 139-74 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The author "contrasts the quite different conceptualizations of culture in demography and anthropology. He recommends that demographic anthropologists give greater credence to the focus on identity that constitutes the demographic emphasis, but that they do so by emphasizing the process of identity construction itself. In exploring the uses of identity as a fulcrum uniting the differing emphases of anthropological and demographic thinking, [the author] notes that a focus on identity construction provides working solutions to the enduring problems of incorporating human agency into culture. Importantly, the focus on identity also allows for the integration of contemporary notions of culture into new and theoretically more sophisticated analyses of existing demographic data sets. Finally, [this] chapter shows the close relationship between divergent disciplinary perspectives in the social sciences and the twentieth-century efforts of the state to articulate its relationship with increasingly varied constituent subpopulations. He illustrates these points by examining British efforts in India at the beginning of the twentieth century."
Correspondence: P. Kreager, Oxford University, Pauling Centre for Human Sciences, Oxford, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:30020 Riley, Nancy E. Similarities and differences: anthropological and demographic perspectives on gender. In: Anthropological demography: toward a new synthesis, edited by David I. Kertzer and Tom Fricke. 1997. 115-38 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"The focus of this chapter is how work in anthropology can enrich demography's research on gender. I begin by looking at the status of gender studies in demography. I then explore developments of gender research in anthropology, their relationships with feminist theory generally, and the implications of this history and development for demography. I end by examining how the structures, philosophies, and methodologies of the two fields have contributed to the current situation of gender studies in each."
Correspondence: N. E. Riley, Bowdoin College, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Brunswick, ME 04011. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:30021 Scheper-Hughes, Nancy. Demography without numbers. In: Anthropological demography: toward a new synthesis, edited by David I. Kertzer and Tom Fricke. 1997. 201-22 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"I want to argue here for a particular methodology for an anthropologically informed demography,...a `critical interpretive approach'.... After a few words on the epistemological divide separating objectivist/positivist approaches from critical/interpretive approaches, I will take up an instance from my intermittent, twenty-five-year study of infant mortality in northeast Brazil in order to demonstrate what qualitative, interpretive, and meaning-centered research--demography without or beyond numbers--can reveal about infant mortality that strictly quantitative and positivist research cannot."
Correspondence: N. Scheper-Hughes, University of California, Department of Anthropology, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

64:30022 Allison, Paul D. Survival analysis using the SAS system: a practical guide. ISBN 1-55544-279-X. Mar 1997. viii, 292 pp. SAS Institute: Cary, North Carolina. In Eng.
This textbook is about doing survival analysis using the SAS system. "Written for the person with a modest statistical background and minimal knowledge of SAS software, this book teaches many aspects of data input and manipulation. Numerous examples of SAS code and output make this an eminently practical book ensuring that even the uninitiated becomes a sophisticated user of survival analysis. The main topics presented include: censoring, survival curves, Kaplan-Meier estimation, accelerated failure time models, discrete-time analysis, unobserved heterogeneity, [and] proportional hazards models. Also included are topics not usually covered such as time-dependent covariates, competing risks, and repeated events."
Correspondence: SAS Institute, SAS Campus Drive, Cary, NC 27513. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30023 Bogue, Donald J. Defining a new demography: curriculum needs for the 1990s and beyond. Jan 1997. vii, 64 pp. Social Development Center: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"How serious is the mismatch between the academic training demographers receive and the work they actually do as professional specialists in population affairs? What corrective actions, if any, need to be taken to revise training curricula to alleviate the mismatch? This volume provides expert testimony and advice concerning these questions.... [It contains papers presented at] a session entitled `Defining a New Demography: Curriculum Needs for the 1990s and Beyond', [at the 1996] annual meeting of [the Population Association of America]."
Correspondence: Social Development Center, 1313 East 60th Street, Suite 121, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30024 Bueno Sánchez, Eramis. The study of population and its methodology (provisional edition). [Los estudios de población y su metodología (edición provisional).] 1993. 98 pp. Universidad de la Habana, Centro de Estudios Demográficos [CEDEM]: Havana, Cuba. In Spa.
This is a general introduction to the study of demography. There are chapters on theoretical aspects of the study of population, the process of investigation in socio-demographic studies, hypotheses and variables, and the defining of the field and the selection of methods.
Correspondence: Universidad de la Habana, Centro de Estudios Demográficos, Avenida 41 Número 2003, Playa 13, Havana, Cuba. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30025 Jacobsen, Judith E. Population growth. ISBN 0-935702-81-4. LC 95-061064. 1996. xi, 43 pp. University Science Books: Sausalito, California. In Eng.
This is a basic introductory text to population issues designed for undergraduates not majoring in science but interested in environmental issues. It contains sections on demographic basics, patterns of population growth and fertility, determinants of fertility, policies for encouraging smaller families, the future of world population, and population in context.
Correspondence: University Science Books, 55D Gate Five Road, Sausalito, CA 94965. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30026 Kaz'mina, O. E.; Puchkov, P. I. Basic ethno-demography: a textbook. [Osnovy etnodemografii: uchevnoe posovie.] ISBN 5-02-010840-5. 1994. 253 pp. Nauka: Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
This is a basic textbook on ethnic demography. It has chapters on introducing demography, basic demographic indicators and censuses, ethnic demography as a bridge between demography and ethnology, the ethnic structure of the global population, ethnic aspects of fertility and mortality, and ethnic processes as factors in the dynamics of a country's ethnic characteristics. There are also chapters on ethnodemographic dynamics in the Russian Federation and in the independent countries that were formerly part of the USSR, as well as in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas, and Oceania.
Correspondence: Nauka, 117864 GSP-7, Profsoyuznaya ul. 90, Moscow V-485, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30027 Morgan, Leslie; Kunkel, Suzanne. Aging: the social context. ISBN 0-8039-9087-1. LC 97-38527. 1998. xxvii, 488 pp. Pine Forge Press: Thousand Oaks, California. In Eng.
The authors of this textbook approach the study of aging from a sociological perspective. They "present major theoretical and analytical frameworks from social gerontology and the core disciplines which inform the field. Theoretical perspectives throughout the text are connected to age-related issues and problems such as retirement, health care, and economic inequality. These analyses explicitly look at the varying questions, assumptions, and conclusions that accompany different theoretical viewpoints. [They] take a broad look at societal institutions (such as the family, the economy, employment and retirement, politics, and public policy, and social services and health care) that affect older adults and are affected by the aging of our society." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: Pine Forge Press, 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. E-mail: sales@pfp.sagepub.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30028 Tapsoba, Sibry J. M. Population education programmes in Africa: status, challenges and prospects. Environment and Social Policy Working Paper Series, No. ESP-22, Aug 1995. ii, 32 pp. African Development Bank: Abidjan, Ivory Coast. In Eng.
This monograph uses African experiences to examine the status, challenges, and prospects for population education programs. The author concludes that population education activities only make sense if they are part of general education efforts for development as a whole, and if they consider the capacity of the country concerned to institutionalize such programs.
Correspondence: African Development Bank, B.P. 1387, Abidjan 01, Ivory Coast. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30029 Van Peer, Christine; Moors, Hein. Young people's knowledge and perceptions of population in Flanders and the Netherlands. [Kennis en percepties van jongeren over bevolking in Vlaanderen en Nederland.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 2, 1997. 49-95 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"This article reflects the first results of a comparative study among Flemish and Dutch young people on their knowledge of demographic facts and processes and on their views about specific population issues.... More than half of the pupils in both countries have an insufficient demographic knowledge according to the criteria adopted. Where possible, the results of research are considered in the light of the hypothesis that there is a connection between knowledge and opinions."
Correspondence: C. Van Peer, Centrum voor Bevolkings- en Gezinsstudië, Markiesstraat 1, 1000 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.