Volume 64 - Number 2 - Summer 1998

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

64:20729 Chamratrithirong, Aphichat; Sethaput, Chanya. Fieldwork experiences related to the longitudinal study of the demographic responses to a changing environment in Nang Rong, 1994. IPSR Publication, No. 216, ISBN 974-589-179-7. Aug 1997. 62 pp. Mahidol University, Institute for Population and Social Research [IPSR]: Nakhon Pathom, Thailand. In Eng.
This is a collection of articles detailing the fieldwork experiences of IPSR staff from the project Demographic Responses to a Changing Environment in Nang Rong [Thailand], 1994. Chapters are included on field work design, data collection on community profiles, data collection on old and new households, and the migrant follow-up study.
Correspondence: Mahidol University, Institute for Population and Social Research, 25/25 Puthamonthon 4 Road, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand. E-mail: prvtt@mahidol.ac.th. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20730 Kapitány, Gabriella. Comparison of housing and population figures according to the 1990 census enumeration and the database of the state population register. [A népszámláláskor összeírt és az állami népességnyilvántartó hivatal adatbázisában szereplo lakás- és népességszámok összehasonlítása.] Demográfia, Vol. 40, No. 1, 1997. 66-82 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
Some comparisons are made between data from the 1990 census of Hungary and data from the state population register concerning Hungarian housing and population statistics.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

64:20731 Jewkes, Rachel; Wood, Katharine. Competing discourses of vital registration and personhood: perspectives from rural South Africa. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 46, No. 8, Apr 1998. 1,043-56 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In South Africa in 1994 only 50% of deaths were registered and 18% of births in the first year of life. A rapid qualitative study was undertaken in a rural district of South Africa to ascertain why registration levels of births, still-births and infant deaths are so low. Fifty-five semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 local Xhosa women and 33 `professional' key informants, ranging from local civil servants to hospital staff and grave diggers. The study found that local people had complex notions of personhood, before birth and in the years following. Personhood was viewed as a process rather than a stage which is achieved through live birth, as is implied in discourses of vital registration.... We suggest that the present system be replaced by one based on `passive' registration in health care settings if substantially greater levels of completeness are to be achieved."
Correspondence: R. Jewkes, Medical Research Council, Centre for Epidemiological Research in Southern Africa, Private Bag X385, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:20732 Leidinger, Barbara; Lee, W. Robert; Marschalck, Peter. Enforced convergence: political change and cause-of-death registration in the Hansestadt Bremen, 1860-1914. Continuity and Change, Vol. 12, No. 2, Aug 1997. 221-46 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"The developments in classifying and registering causes of death in Bremen [Germany] in the period 1834 to 1914 serve as a useful case study for analyzing the factors determining the creation of a uniform and standardized system. It reflects the changing balance between central and local state power, and the ability of the constituent states within the German Empire to retain separate spheres of influence in relation to medical policy."
Correspondence: B. Leidinger, University of Bremen, Center for Social Policy Research, 2800 Bremen 33, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20733 Rosenwaike, Ira; Hill, Mark E.; Preston, Samuel H.; Elo, Irma T. Linking death certificates to early census records: the African American Matched Records Sample. Historical Methods, Vol. 31, No. 2, Spring 1998. 65-74 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this article, we report record-linkage methods used to construct the African American Matched Records Sample (AAMRS).... We also identify those characteristics that contributed to successful linkage and draw lessons for future linkage efforts.... Our study was designed to link death certificates from 1980 and 1985 to early-life census records for the same individuals to assess the accuracy of age reporting on death certificates and improve mortality estimates for older African Americans."
Correspondence: I. Rosenwaike, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

64:20734 Austria. Statistisches Zentralamt (Vienna, Austria). 1991 population census. Analysis. The demographic, social, and economic structure of the Austrian population. [Volkszählung 1991. Textband. Die demographische, soziale und wirtschaftliche Struktur der österreichischen Bevölkerung.] Beiträge zur Österreichischen Statistik, No. 1.030/27, ISBN 3-7046-1205-7. 1997. 181 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger.
This volume presents the results of the 1991 census of Austria in text form with accompanying tables. Chapters are included on population trends for Austria as a whole and its regions, including internal migration; age and sex structure; sociocultural characteristics, including foreign population, language, and religion; education; employment; occupations; commuting; households; families; and births. Where possible, information from past censuses is included in the analysis.
Correspondence: Österreichisches Statistisches Zentralamt, Hintere Zollamtsstraße 2b, Postfach 9000, 1033 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20735 Canada. Statistics Canada (Ottawa, Canada). 1996 census handbook: reference. Pub. Order No. 92-352-XPE. ISBN 0-660-16664-X. Jun 1997. [213] pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
"This publication is a reference tool designed to provide both new and experienced users with the information they need to properly understand and interpret data from the 1996 Census of Population [of Canada]. It contains a brief history of census-taking in Canada, and it describes the many activities involved in conducting a census, from content determination to dissemination of products and services provided by the database. It also covers subjects such as data quality, confidentiality and the variety of ways in which census data are used. In addition, there is also a section on the Census of Agriculture: its activities, cycle, and products and services." A French version is available separately.
Correspondence: Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: University of California Library, Berkeley, CA.

64:20736 Choldin, Harvey M. How sampling will help defeat the undercount. Society, Vol. 34, No. 3, Mar-Apr 1997. 27-30 pp. New Brunswick, New Jersey. In Eng.
"Recently, for various reasons, members of [the U.S.] Congress have argued against the use of sampling in the census. They have portrayed it as a radical innovation. I contend that by now neither of the planned uses of sampling is particularly new. Furthermore, both of these uses of sampling will improve the census, especially toward the goal of eliminating the differential undercount."
Correspondence: H. M. Choldin, University of Illinois, Department of Sociology, 702 South Wright Street, Urbana, IL 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:20737 France. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE] (Paris, France). The 1990 population census: methodological innovations. [La recensement de la population 1990: innovations méthodologiques.] INSEE Méthodes, No. 52-53, ISBN 2-11-066344-8. Nov 1995. 360 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This publication describes the methodological changes and improvements that were adopted for the 1990 census undertaken in France. These innovations included changes affecting the collection of data, quality controls, the automation of the data coding, the imputation of values for missing data, and the selection of data for the 1-in-20 sample.
Correspondence: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20738 Higgs, Edward. A clearer sense of the census: the Victorian censuses and historical research. Public Record Office Handbooks, No. 28, ISBN 0-11-440257-4. 1996. viii, 226 pp. Her Majesty's Stationery Office: London, England. In Eng.
This is a handbook intended to help those who use the nineteenth-century censuses of England and Wales administered by the General Register Office in London in their historical research. It has sections on the history and structure of the records, how to interpret the data that were collected, and some methodologies that might be useful in integrating these data into historical research. A previous version of this book, Making sense of the census, was published in 1989.
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

64:20739 Keyfitz, Nathan. The case for census tradition. Society, Vol. 34, No. 3, Mar-Apr 1997. 45-8 pp. New Brunswick, New Jersey. In Eng.
The author presents a case for continuing to conduct the U.S. census by means of enumeration, rather than using sampling to improve the procedure. "The biggest drawback of most ways of modifying the census is the biases they contain, but since others discuss those, I will stress the random errors of sampling."
Correspondence: N. Keyfitz, Harvard University, Department of Sociology, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:20740 Mindek, Dubravka. Participatory observation in the 1995 count of population and housing. An anthropological experience. [La observación participante en el Conteo de Población y Vivienda 1995. Una experiencia antropológica.] Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, Vol. 11, No. 3, Sep-Dec 1996. 609-33, 661 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"The experience of an anthropologist who participated as enumerator in [Mexico's] Conteo de Población y Vivienda 1995 is analyzed in this paper. The author describes briefly the methodology...for each stage of the enumeration; she systematically points [out] the circumstances and reasons that determine why the different groups involved in the process do not follow the rules. She [examines] the questions that the informers usually avoid answering, or the ones they answer hardly and imprecisely."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20741 Riley, Thomas; Murray, David. Making sense of the census: why sampling might not be so simple. Population and Environment, Vol. 19, No. 3, Jan 1998. 279-83 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors assess the possibility of using sampling to better account for the uncounted people in the 2000 U.S. census. Problems involved in sampling are briefly reviewed.
Correspondence: T. Riley, STATS, 2100 L Street NW, Suite 300, Washington, D.C. 20037-1525. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20742 Rózsa, Gábor. Evaluation study of population and housing census data. [A népszámlási adatok megbízhatóságának ellenorzése.] Demográfia, Vol. 40, No. 1, 1997. 82-108 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
The quality of the data from the 1990 census of Hungary is evaluated, and some comparisons are made with censuses in other developed countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20743 White, Andrew A.; Rust, Keith F. Preparing for the 2000 census. Interim report II. 1997. v, 98 pp. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is the second report from the Panel to Evaluate Alternative Census Methodologies set up by the National Academy of Science's Committee on National Statistics concerning the U.S. Bureau of the Census's plans for the 2000 census. "The panel's first interim report...discussed conceptual issues of accuracy of census counts achieved through the use of sampling procedures. The panel concluded in that report that a census of acceptable accuracy and cost is not possible without the use of sampling procedures. We reiterate that conclusion in this report. The panel further concludes that the Census Bureau's research and planning are going in the right direction to ensure an efficient and accurate census. The panel does recommend refinements in several areas that need more attention or in which research in different directions is needed: plans and research in the use of sampling for nonresponse follow-up and plans to introduce integrated coverage measurement that uses sampling; the Bureau's geographic work in compiling the Master Address File and in developing cooperation with local governments; plans and testing of new survey methods (e.g., multiple response modes, respondent friendly questionnaires); and plans for administrative records."
Correspondence: National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Box 285, Washington, D.C. 20055. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes toward Fertility and Fertility Control.

64:20744 Jackson, Jean; Eggleston, Elizabeth; Lee, Amy; Hardee, Karen. Reproductive knowledge, attitudes and behaviour among young adolescents in Jamaica. Social and Economic Studies, Vol. 46, No. 1, Mar 1997. 95-109 pp. Kingston, Jamaica. In Eng.
"This paper reports on questionnaire data collected in September 1995 and describes...young adolescents' reproductive behaviour and their knowledge and attitudes regarding such subjects as sexuality, family planning, and pregnancy [in Jamaica]. Reported sexual activity was vastly different between girls and boys. Six percent of girls, compared to 63 percent of boys, said that they had experienced sexual intercourse. Reported use of contraception at first intercourse was higher among girls (48 percent) than boys (38 percent). There were considerable differences in attitudes and knowledge between boys and girls. Girls reported holding significantly more traditional or conservative views about sexual activity and pregnancy. Overall, reproductive knowledge was very low among all study participants. However, boys did demonstrate higher levels of knowledge than girls." Data are from the Jamaica Adolescent Study, a longitudinal study of 945 adolescents that started in 1995.
Correspondence: J. Jackson, University of the West Indies, Fertility Management Unit, Mona Campus, Kingston, Jamaica. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

64:20745 Mitra, S. N; Al-Sabir, Ahmed; Cross, Anne R.; Jamil, Kanta. Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, 1996-1997. Dec 1997. xxii, 252 pp. National Institute of Population Research and Training [NIPORT]: Dhaka, Bangladesh; Mitra and Associates: Dhaka, Bangladesh; Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
The results of the 1996-1997 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, the second DHS survey to be carried out in the country, are presented. This survey involved a nationally representative sample of 9,127 ever-married women aged 10-49 and 3,312 currently married men aged 15-59. Following an introduction, there are chapters on characteristics of households and respondents, fertility, fertility regulation, other proximate determinants of fertility, fertility preferences, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, infant feeding and childhood and maternal nutrition, knowledge of AIDS, and availability of health and family planning services. The results generally confirm those from the 1993-1994 DHS survey, showing increasing contraceptive use and declining childhood mortality.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, Suite 300, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20746 Mosher, William D. Design and operation of the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 30, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1998. 43-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author briefly describes the design and operation of the 1995 U.S. National Survey of Family Growth. Aspects considered include the topics covered, sample design, quality control, and sampling weights and errors. "Data from the 1995 NSFG are publicly available on CD-ROM from the Government Printing Office, from NCHS (301-436-8500), on mainframe computer tape from the National Technical Information Service (accession No. PB 97-50154) for $395 and from Socioeciometrics Corp. (800-846-DISK). The data are also available to member institutions of the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (<www.icpsr.umich.edu>, study 6960)."
Correspondence: W. D. Mosher, U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, Reproductive Statistics Branch, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20747 Ndiaye, Salif; Ayad, Mohamed; Gaye, Aliou. Senegal Demographic and Health Survey (EDS-III), 1997. [Enquête Démographique et de Santé a Sénégal (EDS-III), 1997.] Dec 1997. xxii, 238 pp. Ministère de l'Economie, des Finances et du Plan, Direction de la Prévision et de la Statistique, Division des Statistiques Démographiques: Dakar, Senegal; Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Fre.
This report presents results from the third survey carried out in Senegal in 1997 as part of the DHS program. This survey included a national sample of 8,593 women aged 15-49 and 4,306 men aged over 20. Following introductory chapters on the country and survey methodology, there are chapters on fertility, family planning, nuptiality and exposure to the risk of pregnancy, fertility preferences, maternal and child health, breast-feeding and child nutritional status, mortality in children under five, the male survey, and sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS.
Correspondence: Direction de la Prévision et de la Statistique, Point E, B.P. 116, Dakar, Senegal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20748 O'Hare, William; Pollard, Kelvin M. Assessing the devolution revolution: how accurate are state-level estimates from the Current Population Survey? Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 17, No. 1, Feb 1998. 21-36 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"During the past ten years the CPS [U.S. Current Population Survey] has been used to produce state-level estimates on a variety of measures. However, there has been little systematic evaluation of these data. This paper provides measures of accuracy for several state-level estimates derived from the CPS.... The paper also examines the relative accuracy of CPS estimates based on states' size. The information in this study will help analysts better understand the tradeoffs between timeliness and accuracy to be considered when using state-level estimates derived from the CPS."
Correspondence: W. O'Hare, Annie E. Casey Foundation, 701 St. Paul Street, Baltimore, MD 21202. E-mail: billo@aecf.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20749 Population Council (Islamabad, Pakistan); Ministry of Population Welfare (Karachi, Pakistan); United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Pakistan Contraceptive Prevalence Survey 1994-95: final report. Mar 1998. x, 166, [86] pp. Islamabad, Pakistan. In Eng.
This report presents final results from the Contraceptive Prevalence Survey carried out in Pakistan in 1994-1995. The survey included a nationally representative sample of 7,922 married women aged 15-49. The report has chapters on survey methodology, data quality, household and respondent characteristics, marriage patterns, knowledge of family planning methods, use of family planning, fertility levels and trends, fertility preferences, unmet needs for family planning, and quality of family planning services.
Correspondence: Population Council, 55 Street No. 1, Sector F-6/3, Islamabad, Pakistan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20750 Population Council (New York, New York). Benin 1996: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 29, No. 1, Mar 1998. 83-7 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1996 Benin Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 4,499 households and 5,491 women aged 15-49; a men's survey collected data from 1,535 men aged 20-64. Tabular data are provided on population characteristics, fertility, current contraceptive use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, disease prevention and treatment, and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20751 Population Council (New York, New York). Brazil 1996: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 29, No. 1, Mar 1998. 88-92 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1996 Brazil Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 13,283 households, 12,612 women aged 15-49, and a subsample of 2,949 men aged 15-59. Tabular data are provided on population characteristics, fertility, current contraceptive use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, disease prevention and treatment, and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20752 Potter, Frank J.; Iannacchione, Vincent G.; Mosher, William D.; Mason, Robert E.; Kavee, Jill D. Sample design, sampling weights, imputation, and variance estimation in the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2: Data Evaluation and Methods Research, No. 124, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 98-1398. ISBN 0-8406-0537-4. LC 97-43925. Feb 1998. vii, 63 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]: Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
"Cycle 5 of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) was conducted by the [U.S.] National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) in 1995. The NSFG collects data on pregnancy, childbearing, and women's health from a national sample of women 15-44 years of age. This report describes how the sample was designed, shows response rates for various subgroups of women, describes how the sampling weights were computed to make national estimates possible, shows how missing data were imputed for a limited set of key variables, and describes the proper ways to estimate sampling errors from the NSFG. The report includes both nontechnical summaries for readers who need only general information and more technical detail for readers who need an in-depth understanding of these topics."
Correspondence: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782-2003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20753 Serbanescu, Florina; Morris, Leo. Young Adult Reproductive Health Survey, Romania, 1996: final report. Feb 1998. iii, 252 pp. International Foundation for Children and Families: Bucharest, Romania; National Institute for Mother and Child Health Care: Bucharest, Romania; National Commission for Statistics: Bucharest, Romania; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], Division of Reproductive Health: Atlanta, Georgia; U.S. Agency for International Development [USAID]: Washington, D.C.; Centre for Development and Population Activities: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report provides the results of the Romanian Young Adult Reproductive Health Survey (YARHS). The survey was carried out between July and October 1996, with principal support from the Agency for International Development (USAID). The survey is based on interviews with 2,025 women and 2,047 men 15-24 years of age. Information is provided on sex education; knowledge of contraception and fertility; sexual behavior; pregnancy experience; contraceptive use; attitudes and opinions about contraception; reproductive health attitudes; health behaviors; and knowledge of AIDS transmission and prevention.
For a preliminary report from this survey, see 63:20479.
Correspondence: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Behavioral Epidemiology and Demographic Research Branch, Division of Reproductive Health, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.