Volume 64 - Number 2 - Summer 1998

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications. Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations, as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

64:20559 Aguilera Arilla, M. José. The aging of the population in Aragon. [El envejecimiento de la población en Aragón.] Estudios Geográficos, Vol. 57, No. 225, Oct-Dec 1996. 573-95 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes aging trends in Spain, with a focus on geographical differences. "While on a national scale, the index of ageing was 0.59 in 1986, implying that 12.18% of the Spanish population were more than 65 years old, the geographical distribution of the old in the autonomous regions, the provinces and the towns is very uneven. This inequality is even higher when ageing is studied according to the size of the nuclei of population."
Correspondence: M. J. Aguilera Arilla, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Departamento de Geografía, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

64:20560 Alvarado, José; Creedy, John. Population ageing, migration and social expenditure. ISBN 1-85898-724-5. LC 97-37218. 1998. xii, 191 pp. Edward Elgar Publishing: Northampton, Massachusetts/Cheltenham, England. In Eng.
This study examines the combined effects of demographic aging and immigration on aspects of social expenditure and public finance in developed countries, with particular reference to Australia. "The authors begin by providing an introduction to some of the main issues concerning population ageing and migration. This is followed by a discussion of the demographic and economic aspects of the transition towards an older population which is taking place in the major industrialised countries. Within this framework the impacts of ageing on government budgets and the labour market are analysed. The book then turns to a discussion of some of the economic, social and demographic issues related to immigration [focusing on Australia].... The authors project population structure and social expenditure patterns under a variety of assumptions concerning the number and composition of immigrants."
Correspondence: Edward Elgar Publishing, 8 Lansdown Place, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL50 2HU, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20561 Bogg, Lennart. Family planning in China: out of control? American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 88, No. 4, Apr 1998. 649-51 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Sex ratios in six Chinese counties were analyzed retrospectively using data from a household survey involving 5,756 individuals. "A normal sex ratio was found for children less than 18 years of age. Significant differences in sex ratios and family size were observed between the household survey data and population registers." These results indicate that there is a large number of unregistered female births in China.
Correspondence: L. Bogg, Karolinska Institutet, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

64:20562 Breev, Boris D. Problems of population aging and depopulation. [K voprosu o postarenii naseleniya i depopulyatsii.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 2, 1998. 61-6 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
This is an analysis of population trends in Russia and their consequences over the period 1939-1996. The main focus is on changes in the number and relative size of the population in the three main age groups: the young, the population of working age, and the elderly. The consequences of the increase in the elderly population and their rising expectations concerning the services to be provided by the state in old age are discussed. The author also looks at the demographic impact of the economic and social disruptions associated with perestroika, including pressures leading to lower fertility.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:20563 Cho, Nam-Hoon; Hong, Moon-Sik; Hayashi, Kenji. Effects of induced abortion and son preference on the imbalance of sex ratio in Korea. Japanese Journal of Health and Human Ecology, Vol. 62, No. 5, 1996. 298-314 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng. with sum. in Jpn.
"This study examines the trend and determinants of pregnancy outcomes in [South] Korea during the period from the early 1960s to the early 1990s using data from a retrospective survey of pregnancies. First, pregnancy outcomes are compared between the subsamples which are divided by the year of pregnancy and by the number of existing children. Within each subsample, comparisons are also made according to premarital pregnancy, sex composition of existing children, women's education level and the place of residence. The following section focuses on the pregnancy outcomes by the contraceptive methods used when one became pregnant. Finally, selective abortions and their implications [for] fertility and the sex ratio are discussed."
Correspondence: N.-H. Cho, Korea Institute of Health and Social Affairs, San 42-14, Bulgwang-dong, Eunpyung-ku, Seoul 122-040, Republic of Korea. Location: Center for Research Libraries, Chicago, IL.

64:20564 Davis, Devra L.; Gottlieb, Michelle B.; Stampnitzky, Julie R. Reduced ratio of male to female births in several industrial countries. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 279, No. 13, Apr 1, 1998. 1,018-23 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The evidence for recent declines in the proportion of male children at birth in developed countries is examined using data from Denmark and the Netherlands for 1950-1994, and data from Canada and the United States for 1970-1990. "Since 1950, significant declines in the proportion of males born have been reported in Denmark and the Netherlands. Similar declines have been reported for Canada and the United States since 1970 and parallel declines also have occurred in Sweden, Germany, Norway, and Finland." The authors conclude that "patterns of reduced sex ratio need to be carefully assessed to determine whether they are occurring more generally, whether temporal or spatial variations are evident, and whether they constitute a sentinel health event."
Correspondence: D. L. Davis, World Resources Institute, 1709 New York Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20006. E-mail: devra@wri.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

64:20565 Di Comite, Luigi. Population aging and the demographic transition. [Invecchiamento della popolazione e transizione demografica.] Quaderni del Dipartimento per lo Studio delle Società Mediterranee, No. 10, LC 97-118749. 1995. 169 pp. Cacucci Editore: Bari, Italy. In Ita; Fre.
This publication contains three papers on demographic aging in the countries surrounding the Mediterranean. The first, by Eros Moretti, looks at the region as a whole and at the differences in demographic aging between the countries to the north and those to the south of the Mediterranean. The second, by Marie-Martine G. Aguer, focuses on the socioeconomic implications and challenges that demographic aging poses for Europe in general, and France and Italy in particular. The third, by Gaetano Ferrieri, examines the socioeconomic implications of aging for the region as a whole.
Correspondence: Cacucci Editore, Via Nicolai 17, 70122 Bari, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20566 Dinkel, Reiner H.; Lebok, Uwe. Demographic aging in the old and new German states. [Demographische Alterung in den alten und neuen Ländern Deutschlands.] Geographische Rundschau, Vol. 49, No. 3, 1997. 169-72 pp. Brunswick, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"One of the social phenomena receiving most attention worldwide is the one of `demographic aging'. The term describes a relative change in the age structure of a population, which cannot be explained by natural criteria alone. The thesis that a population is aging or getting younger is dependent on a measurement concept for demographic aging. This essay will introduce the Billeter-measure as such a concept. With its help, an analysis of regional difference between the old and new German states (Länder) is undertaken."
Correspondence: R. H. Dinkel, Universität Bamberg, Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Kirschäckerstraße 39, 96045 Bamberg, Germany. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

64:20567 Eldemire, Denise. The Jamaican elderly: a socioeconomic perspective and policy implications. Social and Economic Studies, Vol. 46, No. 1, Mar 1997. 75-93 pp. Kingston, Jamaica. In Eng.
Data from a combined retrospective analysis and cross-sectional community-based survey of 1,329 elderly Jamaicans aged 60-97 are used to analyze aspects of aging in Jamaica. "The findings suggest that elderly persons continue to live in families to which they contribute in several ways. Sources of support include the family and informal systems but the quality of the support was not assessed. There was a gender difference in social and economic needs and possible solutions. The study identified the need for a gender specific approach to social and economic policy on ageing. It also identified the need for a life course approach for future generations of elderly persons. And finally, research, including anthropological research, is essential to inform future policy."
Correspondence: D. Eldemire, University of the West Indies, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Mona Campus, Kingston, Jamaica. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

64:20568 Golini, Antonio; Bruno, Paola; Calvani, Plautilla. Aspects and problems of demographic aging. [Aspetti e problemi dell'invecchiamento della popolazione.] IRP Monografie, No. 8, 1997. 171 pp. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione [IRP]: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
After a preliminary section reviewing the nature of demographic aging in general from 1950 to 2040, the authors focus on the impact of demographic aging on Italian society. In particular, changes in family structure and health issues are discussed.
Correspondence: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20569 Golini, Antonio. Demographic trends and ageing in Europe. Prospects, problems and policies. Genus, Vol. 53, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1997. 33-74 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Ita; Fre.
"For populations and families the problem of ageing is a dual one: (a) the intensity, which determines enormous imbalances among the different age groups, as well as morphological `deformations', which will be felt far into the future; (b) the speed of demographic change, which would appear to be the most important aspect in that it implies prompt and complex parallel socio-economic and psychological cultural adjustments. The question that needs to be posed is whether present and future population trends in Europe and in some European countries will generate desirable and sustainable demographic paths."
Correspondence: A. Golini, Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Demografiche, Via Nomentana 41, 00161 Rome, Italy. E-mail: golini@dsd.sta.uniroma1.it. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20570 Hogan, Dennis P.; Eggebeen, David J. Demographic change and the population of children: race/ethnicity, immigration, and family size. In: Indicators of children's well-being, edited by Robert M. Hauser, Brett V. Brown, and William R. Prosser. 1997. 311-27 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors examine how some recent demographic changes in the United States have affected the demographic characteristics of the child population, with particular attention given to changes in race and ethnicity, immigration, and family size. "We will deal with each of these features...in turn. After discussing why knowledge of a feature is important, we plan to describe how it is currently measured in the U.S. Census of Population, paying particular attention to the relevance of these measures for understanding the experience of children. We will briefly...describe the population of children for the indicator using Public Use Microdata (PUMS) files of the 1990 Census of Population. Our assessment of each of these features will conclude with a discussion of how they can best be defined using currently available procedures and instruments of data collection."
Correspondence: D. P. Hogan, Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20571 Hokenstad, Terry; Széman, Zsuzsa. The forgotten generations of Central and Eastern Europe. Ageing International, Vol. 21, No. 3, Sep 1994. 66 pp. International Federation on Ageing [IFA]: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This issue of Ageing International offers articles about the aging population and the politics and programs for older people in several countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The focus on a part of the world in social transition will enable the reader to gain insights into both regional similarities and cross-national differences. The articles, written mostly by experts from the countries themselves, provide a vivid picture of the tremendous challenge being faced by the ex-communist bloc countries."
Correspondence: International Federation on Ageing, Publications Division, 601 E Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20049. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20572 Hong Kong. Census and Statistics Department (Hong Kong, China). The characteristics of persons from the mainland having resided in Hong Kong for less than 7 years. Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics, Jan 1998. [16] pp. Hong Kong. In Eng; Chi.
"This article presents the characteristics of persons from the Mainland having resided in Hong Kong for less than 7 years based on information provided by the one-way permit holders to the Immigration Department when they first entered Hong Kong and also on the findings of the 1996 Population By-census. The demographic characteristics of the one-way permit holders coming to Hong Kong during the period 1990-1996 are analysed in detail. A comparison of the socio-economic characteristics of persons from the Mainland having resided in Hong Kong for less than 7 years with the whole population of Hong Kong using the 1996 Population By-census results is also made."
Correspondence: Census and Statistics Department, 19/F Wanchai Tower I, 12 Harbour Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20573 James, William H. Coital rates, sex-selective infanticide, and sex ratios at birth. Social Biology, Vol. 43, No. 1-2, Spring-Summer 1996. 132-5 pp. Port Angeles, Washington. In Eng.
The author comments on a 1994 article by A. A. Brewis and J. H. Underwood. "They report high sex ratios at birth and evidence for high coital rates in Micronesia. They suggest that the one is due to the other. First, quantitative grounds will be offered for the doubt I expressed on this conclusion (James, 1994). Second, the effects of past sex-selective infanticide will be raised." A reply by Underwood and Brewis ( pp. 134-5) is included.
For a related citation, see 61:30373.
Correspondence: W. H. James, University College London, Galton Laboratory, Wolfson House, 4 Stephenson Way, London NW1 2HE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20574 Jones, Gavin W. Population dynamics and their impact on adolescents in the ESCAP region. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 12, No. 3, Sep 1997. 3-30 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"This study examines the impact on adolescents of the dramatic demographic, social and economic changes currently taking place in the ESCAP region. Among the aspects it considers are the growth of the adolescent population, their age at marriage and fertility, educational developments, labour force participation, and the effects of poverty, globalization and urbanization on this segment of the population. It concludes by drawing out the implications of the research for policy and programme purposes."
Correspondence: G. W. Jones, Australian National University, Division of Demography and Sociology, G.P.O. Box 4, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20575 Lindsey, J. K.; Altham, P. M. E. Analysis of the human sex ratio by using overdispersion models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series C: Applied Statistics, Vol. 47, No. 1, 1998. 149-57 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Data from nineteenth-century Germany are reanalyzed to determine how the probability for having a child of each sex changes with family size. The data, collected by A. Geissler, concern some 1 million birth registrations and 3.7 million births occurring in Saxony between 1876 and 1885. Three models are fitted to the data. "The multiplicative and beta-binomial models provide similar fits, substantially better than that of the double-binomial model. All models show that both the probability that the child is a boy and the dispersion are greater in larger families. There is also some indication that a point probability mass is needed for families containing children uniquely of one sex."
Correspondence: J. K. Lindsey, Limburgs Universitair Centrum, Department of Biostatistics, 3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium. E-mail: jlindsey@luc.ac.be. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

64:20576 Meekers, Dominique; Wekwete, Naomi. The socioeconomic and demographic situation of adolescents and young adults in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Further Analysis, Oct 1997. iii, 38 pp. Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
"The objective of this report is to examine various aspects of the lives of adolescents in Zimbabwe using data from the 1994 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS). These aspects include the household environment, education, marriage and sexual behaviour, employment, fertility and family planning, and HIV/AIDS."
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20577 Otani, Kenji. Birth trends, survival improvements, and aging. Review of Social Policy, No. 6, 1997. 17-43 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"Decompositions of a change in the proportion of aged persons on the basis of the stable population theory [have] emphasized the contribution of fertility change. This study confirmed that cohort survival improvements largely contributed to changes in the proportion of aged persons and the average age since the late 1970s. Particularly, the cohort survival effects for those belonging to the age group 65+ at the time concerned was great." The geographical focus is on Japan.
Correspondence: K. Otani, Kansai University, Department of Economics, 3-3-35 Yamate-cho, Suita-shi, Osaka 564, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20578 Penev, Goran. Demographic determinants of population aging in FR Yugoslavia. A model approach. [Demografske deteminante starenja stanovnistva SR Jugoslavije. Modelski pristup.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 35, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1997. 109-29 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"The paper presents basic directions and intensity of change in [the] age structure of the population in FR Yugoslavia broken down by its republics and provinces during the period after...World War II. A special emphasis is placed on demographic determinants of population aging, particularly from 1961 to 1991. A method of demographic projections was used to assess the impact of changes in fertility, mortality and external migration on transformation in the age structure."
Correspondence: G. Penev, Instituta Drustvenih Nauka, Centar za Demografska Istrazivanja, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20579 Prins, C. J. M. More than one thousand centenarians. [Meer dan duizend mensen van honderd jaar of ouder.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 45, No. 12, Dec 1997. 6-8 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"On 1 January 1997 1,006 persons in the Netherlands were 100 or older. The number of centenarians has increased strongly since the sixties. Until 1950 their number never was above 30. It rose to above one hundred in 1964 and above five hundred in 1984. The increase has been mainly due to a drop in mortality, rather than to the growing number of births during the nineteenth century."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20580 Razzaque, M. A.; Islam, Md. Shofiqul. Ageing in Bangladesh and public policy. Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 43, No. 1, Mar 1997. 51-5 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
"The present paper attempts to study the inherent structure of the aged in Bangladesh using an index of differential ageing with a view to provide guidelines for policy makers and planners to formulate appropriate measures for the welfare of the elderly, whose life expectancy and numbers are on the rise.... [Data are from] the analytical report of [the] Bangladesh population census 1991 and the sex and age distribution of the world population."
Correspondence: M. A. Razzaque, Rajshahi University, Department of Statistics, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20581 Robertson, Ann. Beyond apocalyptic demography: towards a moral economy of interdependence. Ageing and Society, Vol. 17, No. 4, Jul 1997. 425-46 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"Employing a political economy analysis of need as it relates to the ageing of the population in the context of the postmodern welfare state, this paper attempts to go beyond the narrow confines of the apocalyptic demography argument that an increasing dependent older population represents social and fiscal catastrophe.... This paper argues that [the] dichotomy between dependence and independence results from a depoliticisation of need, in part the legacy of a radical individualism combined with a postmodern therapeutic ethic.... This paper argues further that a moral economy of interdependence, based on the notion of reciprocity, transcends the dependency/independency dichotomy, repoliticises need, and thereby creates the possibility of a revitalisation of civil society."
Correspondence: A. Robertson, University of Toronto, Department of Behavioral Science, 100 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:20582 Sánchez Vera, Pedro. Third and fourth age in Spain from the perspective of households. [Tercera y cuarta edad en España desde la perspectiva de los hogares.] Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, No. 73, Jan-Mar 1996. 57-79 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes households to determine the size and growth of the population in Spain aged 65-79 and 80 and over. "There has been...a decrease in the population below 65 years old during the last 15 years, while there was an increase in the population above 65, particularly above 80 and more." There has also been an increase in the number of one-person households.
Correspondence: P. Sánchez Vera, Universidad de Murcia, Facultad Ciencias Económicas & Empresariales, 30071 Murcia, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20583 Santos del Campo, Immaculada. Demographic aging: gender differences. [Envejecimiento demográfico: diferencias por género.] Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, No. 73, Jan-Mar 1996. 177-90 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"In Spain in 1991, sixty percent of the population aged 65 and over, and seventy percent of those aged 85 and over were women. Ninety two percent of these women were living `alone' being eighty percent of these cases due to widowhood. Most of these women who are approaching [old age] in Spain have never worked outside the household and, therefore, they have to endure a very high economic as well as social dependency with respect to males throughout all their lives. This situation makes them having to face ageing from--at the very least--a problematic perspective and in need of special assistance. This paper is an attempt to show that the demographic ageing of the Spanish population is a phenomenon mostly pertaining to women and with different social and economic implications."
Correspondence: I. Santos del Campo, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Departamento de Ecología Humana y Población, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:20584 United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP] (Bangkok, Thailand). Added years of life in Asia: current situation and future challenges. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 141, Pub. Order No. ST\ESCAP\1688. 1996. v, 209 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This is a collection of articles by various authors on aspects of population aging in Asia. Chapters are as follows: The greying of Asia: demographic dimensions, by Mercedes B. Concepcion; The situation of ageing: the chip and the old block, by Usha S. Nayar; Productive ageing, by Tan Poo Chang; Caring for the aged: programmes and services, by A. B. Bose; Ageing issues and the national agenda, by Nelson Chow; Women in an ageing society, by Keiko Higuchi; Non-governmental response to ageing issues, by Paul Cheung; and Over to the next century: continuities and discontinuities, by Graeme Hugo.
Correspondence: UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20585 United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP] (Bangkok, Thailand). Population ageing and development: report of the Regional Seminar on Population Ageing and Development, 11-14 December 1995, Bangkok. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 140, Pub. Order No. ST/ESCAP/1680. 1996. iv, 67 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This is a report on the Regional Seminar on Population Ageing and Development, which was held in 1995 in Bangkok, Thailand. "The main purpose of the Regional Seminar is to...develop a set of policy recommendations for the integration of the elderly in the development process. The seminar was also intended as a forum to exchange information about successful policy and programme approaches adopted by the countries in addressing the issues related to ageing." Chapters are included on special concerns of aging; aging, continuing education, and skill development; the role of local-level planners and organizations; NGO and community experiences in active aging; and recommendations.
Correspondence: UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20586 van Solinge, Hanna; van Dalen, Harry; Dykstra, Pearl; van Imhoff, Evert; Moors, Hein; van Wissen, Leo. Population, labour and social protection in the European Union: dilemmas and prospects. NIDI Rapport, No. 52, ISBN 90-70990-70-9. 1998. 82 pp. Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut [NIDI]: The Hague, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This report starts by addressing the developments in composition and size of the population in the member states of the European Union...as well as the possible consequences of these developments for the labour market and the social protection system. Subsequent chapters consider regional imbalances in social services; balancing work and family responsibilities; and diversities in living conditions within the elderly population."
Correspondence: Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. E-mail: Info@Nidi.NL. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20587 Vatter, Robert H. Boomers enter the golden fifties. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 79, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1998. 2-9 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
The author discusses the impact of the aging of the baby boom generation in the United States. Aspects considered include ethnic diversity, labor force participation and retirement planning, and earning capacity and spending patterns.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility.

64:20588 Sen, Amartya. Quality of life and economic evaluation. Academia Economic Papers, Vol. 25, No. 3, Sep 1997. 269-316 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Eng.
The author examines "the place and role of quality of life in economic evaluation and welfare economics. That exercise certainly involves norms and judgments, but it is also influenced by our reading of factual possibilities, and it influences, in its turn, the nature of prescriptive possibilities we explore and the descriptive statements we choose to make. In this sense, the topic is not confined to welfare economics and involves other branches of economics as well." This essay consists of two lectures, the second of which examines how the study of longevity, life expectancy, and gender- and race-determined mortality differences can contribute to our understanding of quality of life.
Correspondence: A. Sen, Harvard University, Department of Economics, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20589 Simonton, Dean K. Achievement domain and life expectancies in Japanese civilization. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, Vol. 44, No. 2, 1997. 103-14 pp. Amityville, New York. In Eng.
"Previous studies have found that the expected life span of eminent personalities may vary systematically according to the domain of achievement. The current investigation examines this phenomenon more closely by (1) introducing methodological controls for potential gender and cohort artifacts, (2) adding substantive predictors (e.g., suicide and homicide) that provide clues regarding the substantive basis for the differences, (3) scrutinizing a greater variety of achievement domains in both creativity and leadership, and (4) using a non-Western sample of historical figures (1,632 Japanese born between 450 and 1883 A.D.). Multiple regression analyses revealed domain contrasts in life expectancy.... The analyses helped decipher the extent to which these domain differences were due to violent death or to the stress of occupying high positions of power."
Correspondence: D. K. Simonton, University of California, Department of Psychology, Davis, CA 95616-8686. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population, and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation.

64:20590 Axelsson, Roger; Westerlund, Olle. A panel study of migration, self-selection and household real income. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 11, No. 1, Feb 1998. 113-26 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"The impact of migration on income for Swedish multi-adult households is examined using panel data pertaining to a sample of stable household constellations during the period 1980-1990. In contrast to previous studies, data on household disposable income is employed in estimating the income function. The empirical results indicate no significant effect on real disposable income from migration. In addition, the hypothesis of no self-selection, or zero correlation between the errors in the decision function and the income function, cannot be rejected."
Correspondence: O. Westerlund, Umeå University, Department of Economics, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden. E-mail: olle.westerlund@natek.umu.se. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20591 Boyd, Monica; Grieco, Elizabeth. Triumphant transitions: socioeconomic achievements of the second generation in Canada. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. 97-135, [1997]. 26, [6] pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
"Articulated in the last five years, the revisionary perspective on second-generation integration argues that the model of equal or above average success of the second generation in North America is historically specific.... One implication is that the past patterns of second generation success may not hold now and in the future for immigrant offspring. Using data from the 1994 Canadian General Social Survey for women and men, age 25-64, this paper assesses the proposition of triumphant transitions in which the second generation experiences high levels of educational and labor market achievements."
Correspondence: Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Population Center Library, Tallahassee, FL 32306-2240. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20592 Crystal, Stephen; Waehrer, Keith. Later-life economic inequality in longitudinal perspective. Journals of Gerontology: Social Sciences, Vol. 51, No. 6, Nov 1996. 307-18 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Older Men were used to estimate economic inequality [in the United States] within three 5-year cohorts as they moved from midlife to later life. The Gini index of inequality increased steadily after age 59, supporting the hypothesis that within-cohort inequality increases in late life. However, a transition analysis found considerable mobility in relative status for individuals over a 15-year period. These results suggest the need to develop a longitudinal perspective on later-life economic status which distinguishes between individual-level and population-level outcomes and identifies the life events and characteristics of individuals that predict changes in economic status."
Correspondence: S. Crystal, Rutgers University, Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research, 30 College Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. E-mail: scrystal@rci.rutgers.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SW).

64:20593 Hashim, S. R. Economic growth and income distribution: the Indian experience of development. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 33, No. 12, Mar 21-27, 1998. 661-6 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
"Income distribution, as reflected in the distribution of household consumption expenditure, has shown remarkable stability over four-and-a-half decades in India. India, and south Asia as a whole, have a more egalitarian distribution of income relative to other countries. Nor does income distribution appear to be related to levels of income or the pace of growth." The author concludes that "the factors that seem to have helped in maintaining a relatively more egalitarian income distribution in India are: emphasis on agricultural development and food security, support to small and marginal farmers and a large informal sector participating in productive activities and even in exports."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

64:20594 Kobayashi, Yayoi. Endogenous fertility and the consumption tax. Japanese Economic Review, Vol. 47, No. 3, Sep 1996. 313-20 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The differential incidence between the consumption tax and the labour income tax is examined in a model where altruistic parents decide the number of children endogenously. In contrast with past results, the consumption tax is not neutral and exerts distortional effects. As a result, welfare gets worse off through the tax reform of switching from a labour income tax to a consumption tax. This provides the argument about the treatment of bequests under a consumption tax."
Correspondence: Y. Kobayashi, Aichi University, 1-1 Machihata-cho, Toyohashi-shi, Aichi-ken 441, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:20595 Massey, Douglas S.; Hirst, Deborah S. From escalator to hourglass: changes in the U.S. occupational wage structure 1949-1989. Social Science Research, Vol. 27, No. 1, Mar 1998. 51-71 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"In this article we test whether the United States has evolved an `hourglass economy' characterized by a proliferation of jobs at the top and the bottom of the wage distribution for those with high and low educations, but few jobs in the middle for those with modest educational attainments. Rather than considering the distribution of actual wages, we examine the distribution of occupational wages: the average wages attached to detailed occupational categories. Using data from the 1950, 1970, and 1990 PUMS files, we compare distributions of occupational wages for men and women in 1949, 1969, and 1989. We find that the experience of men generally conforms to the hourglass metaphor: after 1969, the structure of male occupational wages polarized and began to assume the shape of an hourglass, with one's position in the hierarchy depending largely on education. For women, however, the hourglass metaphor fails. The distribution of occupational wages in 1989 remains pyramidal in shape, and position is not as strongly connected to schooling as among men."
Correspondence: D. S. Massey, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:20596 Rodriguez, Edgard R. International migration and income distribution in the Philippines. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 46, No. 2, Jan 1998. 329-50 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The author uses data on remittances from migrants to determine the effects of migration on household income and its distribution in the Philippines. "I briefly describe the evolution of household income distribution using FIES [the Family Income and Expenditure Survey] and the characteristics of households that receive income from migrants and those that do not.... I discuss the analytical framework that is used [and outline] the changes in incomes and inequality that emigration causes...."
Correspondence: E. R. Rodriguez, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

64:20597 Walters, William H.; Wilder, Esther I. American Jewish household income, 1969 and 1989. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 23, No. 3, 1997. 197-212 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"We estimate the real and relative income of American Jewish households using data from the National Jewish Population Surveys of 1970-1971 and 1990. While the median real income of American Jewish households did not change significantly from 1969 to 1989, lower-income Jewish households (those with no workers and those with predominantly older persons) experienced dramatic real income growth. At the same time, the average Jewish income advantage declined due to the rising income of other urban, non-Hispanic white households."
This paper was originally presented at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: W. H. Walters, Cornell University, Albert R. Mann Library, Ithaca, NY 14853. E-mail: whw2@cornell.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

64:20598 Anh, Truong Si; Knodel, John; Lam, David; Friedman, Jed. Family size and children's education in Viet Nam. Demography, Vol. 35, No. 1, Feb 1998. 57-70 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"Data from the nationally representative 1994 Inter-Censal Demographic Survey are used to examine the association between family size and children's schooling in Vietnam.... Although a clear inverse bivariate association between family size and children's school attendance and educational attainment is evident, multivariate analysis controlling for urban/rural residence, region, parents' education, household wealth, and child's age, reveals that much of this association, especially that predicting educational attainment, is attributable to these other influences. Moreover, much of the effect that remains after statistical adjustment for the other influences is seen mainly at the largest family sizes. We consider the implications of these findings for current population policy in Vietnam and the possible features of the Vietnamese context that might account for the modest association."
This paper was originally presented at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: J. Knodel, University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. E-mail: jknodel@umich.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20599 Blank, Susan. Hearth and home: the living arrangements of Mexican immigrants and U.S.-born Mexican Americans. Sociological Forum, Vol. 13, No. 1, Mar 1998. 35-57 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Utilizing data from the nationally representative, 1990 Panel Study on Income Dynamics--Latino Sample, this paper examines the living arrangements of Mexican heritage persons in the U.S., comparing immigrants to U.S. natives. Mexican immigrants are most likely to live with extended kin and unrelated persons upon recent arrival to the U.S. As time in the U.S. increases, such arrangements become less common. Three competing explanations for this pattern are addressed. While economic resources and life course stages are clearly linked to household formation for immigrants and U.S. natives, the findings indicate limited support of an acculturation hypothesis."
Correspondence: S. Blank, University of California, School of Social Sciences, Social Science Tower, 6th Floor, Irvine, CA 92715. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:20600 Borja, Judith; Adair, Linda S.; Bisgrove, Eilene. Effects of childbearing on quality of women's lives. In: International Population Conference/Congrès International de la Population: Beijing, 1997, Volume 2. 1997. 681-98 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liège, Belgium. In Eng.
The authors use data from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey to examine the relationship between fertility and the quality of women's lives in the Philippines. The data concern some 2,400 women originally surveyed in 1983-1984 and followed up in 1991. The survey includes information on reproductive histories, household characteristics, maternal nutritional status, child well-being, and women's labor force participation and earnings. "We found strong and consistent effects of childbearing on a number of different aspects of the quality of women's lives. There is a direct negative association of each additional surviving child born during an 8-year interval, on changes in measures of material goods, labour saving conveniences, maternal nutritional status, and child well being over that same interval. The improvements occur concomitant to increased earnings among working women, suggesting that women's own earnings make substantial contributions to the quality of life.... This research provides a strong rationale for family planning as a means to improve women's health and well being."
Correspondence: J. Borja, University of San Carlos, Office of Population Studies, Cebu City, Philippines. E-mail: judith.cpc@mhs.unc.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20601 Bouma, Gary; Hughes, Philip. Religion and age in Australia. People and Place, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1998. 18-25 pp. Clayton, Australia. In Eng.
"The age profiles of religious groups in Australia are changing at different rates. Most mainstream Christian denominations have a higher proportion of adherents aged 60 or more than does the population as a whole. In most cases the age profile of people who actually attend services is older again. This is especially true of people who attend the Uniting, Anglican and Presbyterian churches. The proportion of Jews who are 60 or more is also high. In contrast, it is very low for Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists."
Correspondence: G. Bouma, Monash University, Department of Sociology, Clayton, Victoria, Australia 3168. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20602 Eschbach, Karl; Supple, Khalil; Snipp, C. Matthew. Changes in racial identification and the educational attainment of American Indians, 1970-1990. Demography, Vol. 35, No. 1, Feb 1998. 35-43 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"We use data from the 1970, 1980, and 1990 [U.S.] census public-use files to assess the impact of newly identified Indians on the educational attainment of American Indians who were at least 25 years old in 1970. We test the hypotheses that this impact was limited to metropolitan areas and to states with small Indian populations. We find that educational attainment for American Indians rose sharply between 1970 and 1990 and that changes in racial identification were an important component of this increase in 1980 but not in 1990. Increases in educational attainment were concentrated in metropolitan areas and occurred in states with large and small Indian populations."
Correspondence: K. Eschbach, University of Houston, Department of Sociology, Houston, TX 77204-3474. E-mail: eschbach@uh.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20603 Espenshade, Thomas J.; Rodríguez, Germán. Completing the Ph.D.: comparative performances of U.S. and foreign students. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 78, No. 2, Jun 1997. 593-605 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"This article examines the comparative success of U.S. and foreign students in completing the Ph.D. at a select set of eleven institutions of higher education in the United States.... The analysis examines differences between temporary and permanent U.S. residents, controlling for demographic, merit, and financial-support factors.... Foreign students outperform their U.S. counterparts. Slightly higher fractions complete the Ph.D. (54 versus 50 percent), and the average completion time is about one year less (6.1 versus 7.2 years)."
Correspondence: T. J. Espenshade, Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20604 Kalmijn, Matthijs. Effects of education level, duration of schooling and type of schooling on the timing of the first birth. [Effecten van opleidingsniveau, duur en richting op het tijdstip waarop paren hun eerste kind krijgen.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, 1996. 41-71 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"In this article, the relationship between education and fertility is analyzed using new data on households in the Netherlands: the survey Households in the Netherlands 1994. Four questions are answered: (a) Can the effect of education be decomposed into independent effects of school enrollment, educational level, and type of schooling? (b) Do educational effects differ between men and women? (c) Does the impact of education change across the individual life course of men and women? (d) Has the effect of education changed across generations?"
Correspondence: M. Kalmijn, Universiteit Utrecht, Vakgroep Sociologie, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20605 Kenya. Central Bureau of Statistics (Nairobi, Kenya). Kenya population census 1989: Analytical report. Volume VIII: education. [1997?]. [73] pp. Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
Data from the 1989 census of Kenya on education are analyzed in this report. There are chapters on literacy, school attendance, school enrollment, educational attainment, projections of school-age population, and conclusions and recommendations.
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning and National Development, P.O. Box 30266, Nairobi, Kenya. Location: Northwestern University Library, Evanston, IL.

64:20606 Kuo, Hsiang-Hui D.; Hauser, Robert M. Gender, family configuration, and the effect of family background on educational attainment. Social Biology, Vol. 43, No. 1-2, Spring-Summer 1996. 98-131 pp. Port Angeles, Washington. In Eng.
"A comprehensive model of family influences on educational resemblance of siblings [in the United States] expands the traditional sibling pair model to a full sibship model in order to investigate how gender, gender composition of sibships, and a measure of ordinal position moderate the effect of social origins on educational attainments of siblings. One common family factor is sufficient to explain the variation of educational attainment among brothers and sisters. Although effects of social origin variables on brothers are larger than on sisters, the relative effects of measured social origins are virtually the same among sisters and brothers. The disparity between educational attainments of brothers and sisters persists across sex composition and family size."
Correspondence: R. M. Hauser, University of Wisconsin, Department of Sociology, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706. E-mail: HAUSER@SSC.WISC.EDU. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20607 Owen, Margaret. A world of widows. ISBN 1-85649-419-5. LC 96-16270. 1996. x, 214 pp. Zed Books: Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey/London, England. In Eng.
This book presents a global overview of the status of widowhood. The author "explores the process of becoming a widow; poverty and social security in the context of widowhood; differing laws and customs regarding widows' inheritance; the situation of widows who remarry and issues of sexuality and health. She also looks at the needs of specific groups of widows--refugees, older widows, child widows--and widowhood in the context of AIDS. Throughout, she shows the prevalence of discrimination against widows in inheritance rights, land ownership, custody of children, security of home and shelter, nutrition and health. The book concludes with a summary of widowhood as a human rights issue and an overview of widows themselves organizing for change."
Correspondence: Zed Books, 7 Cynthia Street, London N1 9JF, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20608 Polak, B. Demographic behavior and level of education. [Demografisch gedrag en opleidingsniveau.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 46, No. 2, Feb 1998. 8-9 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"Persons [in the Netherlands] with a higher education show a different pattern of establishing relationships and starting families than those with a lower education. This is in particular the case among women.... For both men and women the generation to which they belong has a relatively strong influence as well."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20609 Wong, David W. S. Measuring multiethnic spatial segregation. Urban Geography, Vol. 19, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1998. 77-87 pp. Palm Beach, Florida. In Eng.
"In this paper, I attempt to model multiethnic segregation on the basis of the notions that segregation refers to the spatial separation among ethnic groups and that interaction among population groups can reduce segregation. The level of segregation is reduced when interaction among ethnic groups increases. The spatial index introduced here is based on an existing segregation measure for a multigroup setting. I demonstrate that the proposed index is efficient in distinguishing different spatial patterns of multiethnic population and is able to reflect the potential for spatial interaction among groups. A simulation and an empirical study are used to illustrate the utility of the proposed index." The case study presented uses 1990 U.S. census data for Connecticut.
Correspondence: D. W. S. Wong, George Mason University, Geography and Earth Systems Science, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030. E-mail: dwong2@gmu.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

64:20610 Bashi, Vilna; McDaniel, Antonio. A theory of immigration and racial stratification. Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 27, No. 5, May 1997. 668-82 pp. Thousand Oaks, California. In Eng.
"Racial systems must have mechanisms for determining who is in which race, for that determines where people, families, and other groups fit into the racial hierarchy. In the United States, immigration has played an important role in shaping that hierarchy. Immigrants enter the United States and are assimilated into the dominant social organization, and this process includes assimilation into the system of racial stratification.... We will focus on this latter aspect of the immigrant experience. First, we briefly outline the origins of the U.S. racial system. Second, we suggest ways to broaden the literature that studies race, and, finally, we present a model for studying the relationship between immigration and racial stratification."
Correspondence: V. Bashi, Northwestern University, Department of Sociology, 1810 Chicago Avenue, Evanston, IL 60208. E-mail: v-bashi@nwu.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20611 Boyd, Monica. Offspring-parent shifts in ancestry: ethnic bedrock or ethnic quicksand? Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. 97-138, [1997]. 31, [6] pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
"One aspect of ethnic change is ethnic flux, defined as inconsistent shifts in ethnic origin assignments made by survey respondents.... Using...three ethnic assignments--self, mother's and father's--this paper addresses the following questions: (1) what is the magnitude of ethnic flux; (2) what form does ethnic flux take--loss of one or more ethnicities; acquisition of one or more new ethnicities or both loss and acquisition; (3) what factors are associated with ethnic flux; and (4) does the magnitude of ethnic flux vary by ethnic origin?" Data are from the 1986 General Social Survey of Canada.
Correspondence: Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Population Center Library, Tallahassee, FL 32306-2240. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20612 Coleman, David; Salt, John. Ethnicity in the 1991 census: Volume one. Demographic characteristics of the ethnic minority populations. ISBN 0-11-691655-9. 1996. vi, 290 pp. Office for National Statistics: London, England. In Eng.
"This book is the first of a four-volume series which records the results of a significant innovation in the British census--the introduction of a direct question on ethnic origin. Edited by leading specialists in the field, and with contributions from a wide range of researchers and academics, the series provides comprehensive analyses on a variety of aspects of the different ethnic minority populations. The theme of this first volume is the demographic characteristics of the ethnic minority populations: their size and growth, immigration patterns, age structure and ageing, marriage patterns, and household and family structure. There is a separate chapter on the indigenous and older minorities. Other chapters review the development of the ethnic group question and its effectiveness in identifying the main ethnic minority groups, and the effect of non-response to the 1991 Census on ethnic group enumeration."
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20613 Haverluk, Terrence. The changing geography of U.S. Hispanics, 1850-1990. Journal of Geography, Vol. 96, No. 3, May-Jun 1997. 134-45 pp. Indiana, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"In 1930, the majority of Hispanics were of Mexican descent and lived in the five Southwestern states of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. After World War II the Latino migrant stream began to diversify and include large numbers of Caribbeans, and Central and South Americans who generally settled in the Eastern states and California.... The U.S. Hispanic population has increased from approximately one million in 1930, to approximately 32 million in 1997. County maps chronicle the changing distribution and numbers of Hispanics from 1850 to 1990."
Correspondence: T. Haverluk, U.S. Air Force Academy, Department of Economics and Geography, USAFA, CO 80840. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

64:20614 Karn, Valerie. Ethnicity in the 1991 census: Volume four. Employment, education and housing among the ethnic minority populations of Britain. ISBN 0-11-691658-3. 1997. xxix, 296 pp. Office for National Statistics: London, England. In Eng.
"This book is the fourth of a four-volume series which records the results of a significant innovation in the British census--the introduction of a direct question on ethnic origin. Edited by leading specialists in the field, and with contributions from a wide range of researchers and academics, the series provides comprehensive analyses on a variety of aspects of the different ethnic minority populations. This volume explores the relative situations of the different minority ethnic groups in respect of their patterns of education, employment and housing--three inter-related factors which contribute considerably to the material quality of life. The book will be of particular interest to social scientists and policy makers."
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20615 Klohn, Werner. The changing population of the United States: in the United States, the composition of the population is undergoing a radical transformation. [Die Bevölkerung der USA im Wandel: in den USA vollzieht sich eine drastische Veränderung in der Zusammensetzung der Bevölkerung.] Zeitschrift für den Erdkundeunterricht, Vol. 49, No. 4, 1997. 159-66 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Ger.
The author describes the impact of the recent trends in immigration from Asia and Latin America to the United States on the ethnic composition of the U.S. population. He also discusses the spatial distribution of various ethnic groups, as well as the social and economic inequalities among them. Finally, he raises the question of whether the United States can retain the cohesion necessary to function as a nation if the "melting pot" gives way to a mosaic of individual ethnic identities.
Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

64:20616 Le Bras, Hervé. Foreign descent: a flawed concept. [L'impossible descendance étrangère.] Population, Vol. 52, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1997. 1,173-85 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a response to a critique by Michèle Tribalat of the author's study on projections of the foreign population residing in France.
For the original article by Le Bras and the critique by Tribalat, see 63:20369 and 63:20376.
Correspondence: H. Le Bras, Ecole de Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 44 rue de la Tour, 75116 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20617 Lilley, William; DeFranco, Laurence J.; Diefenderfer, William M. The state atlas of political and cultural diversity. ISBN 1-56802-177-1. LC 96-47766. 1997. xiii, 298 pp. Congressional Quarterly: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This work presents "a unique analysis of U.S. Census data, using sophisticated computer technology, to show precisely how fifteen of the nation's largest and most important racial, ethnic, and ancestral groups, as designated by the U.S. government, are distributed among 6,744 state legislative districts." Information is provided on the population of these ethnic groups by state house and senate districts. Data are also included on household income, percentage with college education, and percentage receiving social security in the districts.
Correspondence: Congressional Quarterly, 1414 22nd Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20037. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20618 Peach, Ceri. Ethnicity in the 1991 census: Volume two. The ethnic minority populations of Great Britain. ISBN 0-11-691656-7. 1996. vi, 246 pp. Office for National Statistics: London, England. In Eng.
"This book is the second of a four-volume series which records the results of a significant innovation in the British census--the introduction of a direct question on ethnic origin. Edited by leading specialists in the field, and with contributions from a wide range of researchers and academics, the series provides comprehensive analyses on a variety of aspects of the different ethnic minority populations. This second volume presents a collection of ten profiles of the main ethnic minority groups, and the Irish-born, identified by the 1991 Census of Great Britain. The profiles describe the demographic and geographic structure of each group, and their social and economic characteristics."
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20619 Preston, Samuel H.; Elo, Irma T.; Foster, Andrew; Fu, Haishan. Reconstructing the size of the African American population by age and sex, 1930-1990. Demography, Vol. 35, No. 1, Feb 1998. 1-21 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"We estimate the size of the African American population in five-year age groups at census dates from 1930 to 1990 using a three-part strategy. For cohorts born after 1935, we follow the U.S. Census Bureau in using classical demographic analysis. To estimate the size of cohorts born before 1895, we use extinct-generation estimates. For remaining cohorts, we implement an age/period/cohort model of census counts. All approaches are applied to a data set in which the age distribution of deaths has been corrected for age misreporting. Results provide strong confirmation of the basic validity of Census Bureau estimates of census undercounts for African Americans while extending estimates to new cohorts and periods. Our estimates are less consistent with an historical series prepared by Coale and Rives (1973)."
Correspondence: S. H. Preston, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298. E-mail: preston@pop.upenn.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20620 Russell, Cheryl. The official guide to racial and ethnic diversity: Asians, blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and whites. 1996. xxv, 634 pp. New Strategist Publications: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
This book presents a selection of statistical tables on ethnic groups in the United States. For each major ethnic group, there are tables providing data on education, health, households and living arrangements, housing, income, labor force, population, and wealth and spending. Data are taken from various official sources. There is also a chapter containing data on attitudes.
Correspondence: New Strategist Publications, P.O. Box 242, Ithaca, NY 14851. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20621 Salazar Anaya, Delia. The foreign population of Mexico (1895-1990). An inventory based on the general population censuses. [La población extranjera en México (1895-1990). Un recuento con base en los censos generales de población.] ISBN 968-29-9056-4. 1996. 489 pp. Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
This publication presents data on the foreign population of Mexico over the period 1895-1990, taken primarily from the censuses carried out during this period. The data concern total foreign population and sex distribution, state of residence, and place of birth and nationality. An introductory chapter examines how data on foreigners have been collected in the various censuses, and the changes that have been implemented over time.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Córdoba 45, Col. Roma, C.P. 06700, Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20622 Schmidley, Dianne; Alvarado, Herman A. The foreign-born population in the United States: March 1997 (update). Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 507, Mar 1998. 1 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a one-page summary of information on the foreign-born population of the United States based on the March 1997 Current Population Survey. A paper version of the tables is available for $31 as PPL-92 on request. The detailed tabulations are also available online at http://www.census.gov.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Ethnic and Hispanic Studies Branch, Washington, D.C. 20233. E-mail: Audrey.D.Schmidley@ccmail.census.gov. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20623 Wanner, Philippe. The acquisition of Swiss nationality. Historical data and current trends. [L'acquisition de la nationalité suisse. Données historiques et tendances actuelles.] Démos, No. 2/97, May 1997. 19 pp. Bundesamt für Statistik: Bern, Switzerland. In Fre.
Trends in the acquisition of Swiss nationality between 1981 and 1996 are described. The emphasis is on the factors affecting the assimilation of foreigners into the general population. The impact of country of origin and place of birth on the prospects of assimilation is stressed.
Correspondence: Bundesamt für Statistik, Section de l'Evolution de la Population, Schwarztorstrasse 96, 3003 Bern, Switzerland. E-mail: Philippe.Wanner@bfs.admin.ch. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.