Volume 64 - Number 2 - Summer 1998

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

64:20019 Australia. Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (Canberra, Australia). Australia's population: trends and prospects, 1996. ISBN 0-642-26005-2. 1997. xvii, 116 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
This is an annual report providing an analysis of recent demographic trends in Australia. It contains chapters on population growth, composition, and distribution; fertility and mortality trends; international migration; exurban population growth; Australia's religious profile; and population projections.
For a previous report for 1995, see 62:20030.
Correspondence: Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs, Research and Statistics Branch, P.O. Box 25, Belconnen, ACT 2616, Australia. E-mail: restat.dima@netinfo.com.au. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20020 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Population Research Institute (Beijing, China). Almanac of China's population, 1997. ISBN 7-80110-184-7. 1997. [v], 426 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
This almanac, the table of contents of which is provided in English, presents a selection of recent articles on population in China. The articles are organized under the following headings: Major documents; The general situation; Treatises; Special compilations; The census; Demographic statistics; Family planning; Surveys; Comparisons with other countries; Population research organizations; Prominent individuals; An index of demographic books and papers; Population newspapers and periodicals; A chronicle of events; and An appendix on recent conferences.
Correspondence: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

64:20021 Clarke, John I.; Noin, Daniel. Population and environment in arid regions. Man and the Biosphere Series, Vol. 19, ISBN 1-85070-962-9. LC 97-17028. 1998. xxv, 384 pp. Unesco: Paris, France; Parthenon Publishing Group: Pearl River, New York/Carnforth, England. In Eng.
This volume is a product of a conference held in Amman, Jordan, in October 1994 on the population of the world's arid regions; these cover about 37% of the land surface of the globe and contain one-sixth of the world's population. "Introductory summing-up chapters provide background and context to seventeen other contributions, organized under four themes: human causes of desertification, environmental problems of living in arid regions, population dynamics in arid regions, and management, responsibilities and policies. The contributions draw on field experience in a variety of arid zone environments, in such countries as Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Egypt, India, Jordan, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Spain, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia."
Correspondence: Parthenon Publishing Group, One Blue Hill Plaza, P.O. Box 1564, Pearl River, NY 10965. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20022 Durning, Alan T.; Crowther, Christopher D. Misplaced blame: the real roots of population growth. NEW Report, No. 5, ISBN 1-886093-05-9. LC 97-193673. Jul 1997. 93 pp. Northwest Environment Watch: Seattle, Washington. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the problem of population growth and its causes, with particular reference to the situation in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. The authors argue that "much of the population growth overrunning parts of North America originates not from large families or swarms of illegal immigrants. Instead, it springs from five rarely-noted root causes: poverty, sexual abuse, underfunded family planning services, subsidies to domestic migration, and ill-guided immigration policy." They also assert that taking care of these social problems will in turn take care of the population problem.
Correspondence: Northwest Environment Watch, 1402 Third Avenue, Suite 1127, Seattle, WA 98101-2118. E-mail: nwwatch@igc.apc.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20023 Estonian Academy of Sciences (Tallinn, Estonia); University of Tartu (Tartu, Estonia). Special issue on Estonian population 1997. Trames, Vol. 1, No. 3, 1997. 171-286 pp. Estonian Academy Publishers: Tallinn, Estonia. In Eng.
This special issue on the Estonian population consists of the following five chapters: Population data and reorganisation of statistical system: case of Estonia, by Kalev Katus, Allan Puur, and Luule Sakkeus; General trend of population ageing in Estonia, by Kalev Katus; Development of national minorities: Republic of Estonia up to 1944, by Kalev Katus, Allan Puur, and Luule Sakkeus; Emergence of unemployment: evidence from Estonia 1989-1995, by Allan Puur; and The Estonian diaspora, by Hill Kulu.
Correspondence: Estonian Academy Publishers, 7 Estonia pst, 0001 Tallinn, Estonia. E-mail: niine@kirj.ee. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20024 Kostrubiec, Stanislawa; Kowalska, Anna; Kuciarska-Ciesielska, Marlena; Lasocka, Agnieszka; Marciniak, Grazyna; Nowak, Lucyna; Stanczak, Joanna. Trends in the characteristics of population, households, and families, 1988-1995. [Tendencje zmian struktur ludnosci, gospodarstw domowych i rodzin w latach 1988-1995.] ISBN 83-7027-164-2. 1998. 182 pp. Glowny Urzad Statystyczny: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
This is an analysis of the changes that affected population and households in Poland between the censuses of 1988 and 1995. "The publication consists of six chapters, which cover the following issues: (1) Methodological issues of 1988 Census and 1995 Microcensus. The chapter...makes an attempt at evaluation of census-derived data [based] on post-enumeration surveys; (2) Changes in the number of population and demographic and social structures, including sex, age, marital status and education; (3) Demographic profile of households and changes in the structure of households, including types of families; (4) Family profile, including incomplete families and cohabitation...; (5) Economic activity and inactivity of population in 1995...; [and] (6) Economic condition of population and households."
Correspondence: Glowny Urzad Statystyczny, Al. Niepodleglosci 208, 00-925 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20025 Krishna Reddy, M. M. An introduction to demographic behaviour in India. ISBN 81-7391-134-7. LC 96-903833. 1996. 180 pp. Kanishka Publishers, Distributors: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a collection of articles written by the author at various times on aspects of demographic trends in India. Topics covered include issues in social research, the determinants of population growth, the sex ratio, the need for regional demography, literacy and population growth, the health transition, the family planning program, social change and fertility decline, development as the best contraceptive, the need for tribal demographic studies, and thoughts on improving university education in India.
Correspondence: Kanishka Publishers, Distributors, 4697/5-21A, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi 110 002, India. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

64:20026 Mérenne, B.; van der Haegen, H.; van Hecke, E. Belgium: territorial diversity. [La Belgique: diversité territoriale.] [1997]. 144 pp. Institut National de Statistique: Brussels, Belgium; Services Fédéraux des Affaires Scientifiques, Techniques et Culturelles: Brussels, Belgium. In Fre.
This is an atlas presenting data from the 1991 census of Belgium, as well as from earlier censuses, to illustrate the geographical diversity of the country. There are chapters on spatial distribution, natural increase, migration, population trends, age distribution, families and households, the foreign population, education, housing, the labor force, the unemployed, employment, commuting, and the standard of living.
Correspondence: Institut National de Statistique, 44 rue de Louvain, Centre Albert, 8e étage, 1000 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20027 Nepal. Central Bureau of Statistics (Katmandu, Nepal). Population monograph of Nepal. 2nd ed. 1995. [xxvii], 534 pp. Katmandu, Nepal. In Eng.
This is a collection of 15 papers by various authors on aspects of the current population situation in Nepal. The chapters are: Age sex distribution of population, by B. D. S. Dangol; Population distribution and growth, by M. L. Singh; Fertility levels, patterns and trends, by Radha K. G. Chhetry; Mortality levels, trends and differentials, by Krishna P. Shrestha; Internal migration, by Badri P. Niroula; Nuptiality trends, differentials and patterns, by Dilli P. Bhattarai and Radha K. G. Chhetry; Economically active population, by Puspa Shrestha and Pragya Pant; Urbanization, by Tunga S. Bastola; Social composition of population, by Bal Kumar KC; Household analysis: size, composition and headship rates, by Vidya B. S. Kansakar; Educational development, population and literacy, by Tirth B. Manandhar; Population and environment in the context of sustainable development in Nepal, by Bhim P. Subedi; Status of female--selected socio-cultural and economic aspects, by Meena Acharya; Population policy and family planning programme in Nepal, by P. L. Joshi; and Organization, design and quality aspects of the 1991 population census of Nepal, by Y. B. Karki.
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Ramshah Path, Katmandu, Nepal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20028 Preeg, Ernest H. The Haitian dilemma: a case study in demographics, development, and U.S. foreign policy. Significant Issues Series, Vol. 18, No. 1, ISBN 0-89206-277-0. LC 96-4810. 1996. xiii, 133 pp. Center for Strategic and International Studies: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This country case study in demographics, development, and U.S. foreign policy takes a longer view of Haitian prospects. The analysis focuses on the powerful demographic forces at play--rapid population growth and declining arable land in the countryside, the relentless rural/urban migratory flow, and building pressures for outward migration to the United States--that are central to any viable strategy for sustained economic growth and political stability in Haiti. This largely demographically driven development model is then related to the U.S. policy response, both in the recent past and as would be most effective in the period ahead."
Correspondence: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1800 K Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20006. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

64:20029 Aubry, Martine. Twenty-sixth report on the population situation in France. [Vingt-sixième rapport sur la situation démographique de la France.] 1997. v, 62 pp. Ministère de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of reports, mandated by French law, that review the current demographic situation in France. The first part contains a description of recent trends in metropolitan France, with sections on fertility, abortion, marriage, and mortality. The second part looks at demographic trends in the overseas departments, including trends in migration and projections to the year 2010; migration trends and policies in France are also discussed, focusing on the major changes that occurred in 1974.
For the twenty-fifth report in this series, see 63:20021.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20030 Brazil. Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística [IBGE] (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Demographic trends: an analysis based on results from the 1991 census. [Tendências demográficas: uma análise a partir dos resultados do censo demográfico de 1991.] ISBN 85-240-0556-4. 1996. 49 pp. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
Current population trends in Brazil are analyzed using data from the 1991 census. There are chapters on population developments in the major regions, the components of population growth, growth of the urban and rural populations, the situation in the federal regions, the population of the cities and municipalities in the interior of the country, the concentration of the population in urban areas, age and sex distribution, heads of households, and demographic aging.
Correspondence: Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, Av. Franklin Roosevelt 166, Centro 20021-120, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20031 Cape Verde. Direcção Geral de Estatística. Direcção de Estatísticas Demográficas e Sociais (Praia, Cape Verde). The demographic situation in Cape Verde, 1994. [Situação demográfica Cabo Verde 1994.] Jul 1995. 58 pp. Praia, Cape Verde. In Por.
An analysis of the demographic situation in Cape Verde is presented, based primarily on data from the 1990 census. There are chapters on fertility, nuptiality, mortality, and migration.
Correspondence: Direcção Geral de Estatística, Ministério da Coordenação Económica, Praia, Cape Verde. Location: University of Texas, Population Research Center Library, Austin, TX. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 169, Feb 1997.

64:20032 Compton, Paul A. Demographic change in Northern Ireland. Irish Banking Review, Summer 1996. 12-21 pp. Dublin, Ireland. In Eng.
"This paper has two objectives: firstly, to provide an assessment of the current state of Northern Ireland demography, focusing on recent trends and the prospects for the future; secondly, to highlight the more significant ramifications of these trends for the wider society." Aspects considered include past and future population trends, consequences of stagnant or slow population growth, and implications of population trends.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

64:20033 Courbage, Youssef. On the population of Jordan as assessed in the 1994 census. [Réflexions sur la population de la Jordanie à partir du nouveau recensement de 1994.] Population, Vol. 52, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1997. 1,563-70 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Some characteristics of the population of Jordan are outlined based on preliminary results form the 1994 census. The author notes that the country has one of the fastest rates of population growth in the world, with a young age distribution and high rates of fertility. Some information is also provided on fertility differentials by region.
Correspondence: Y. Courbage, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75020 Paris, France. E-mail: courbage@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20034 Decroly, Jean-Michel. The demographic regions of Europe: a classification at the end of the 1980s. [Les territoires démographiques de l'Europe: un diagnostic à la fin des années 80.] Information Géographique, Vol. 61, No. 3, Jun 1997. 114-21 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author presents a series of maps showing demographic indicators for subnational regions of the countries of Europe. The indicators are: average annual rate of population growth, 1980-1988; average number of children per family, 1988; male life expectancy, 1980; and population density, 1980.
Correspondence: J.-M. Decroly, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Laboratoire de Géographie Humaine, 50 avenue Franklin Roosevelt, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

64:20035 Katul'skii, E. D.; Melik'yan, G. G.; Zlokazov, I. A. The demographic situation in Russia on the eve of the twenty-first century. [Demograficheskaya situatsiya v Rossii nakanune XXI veka.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 6, 1997. 37-45 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
The critical demographic situation existing in Russia in the 1990s is analyzed. The authors note that the total population had declined to 147.5 million in 1997, the same as it was in 1989, due to both a decline in fertility and increases in mortality. Reasons for these adverse demographic trends are identified as including unfavorable economic conditions, deteriorating ethnic relations, a crisis in social and political institutions, and environmental degradation in much of the country. The authors also analyze the causes of the deteriorating health situation, and identify the main causes of increasing mortality as alcoholism, smoking, and violent deaths. Migration trends are also examined, including labor migration and migration for political reasons.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:20036 Kocourková, Jirina. Recent demographic trends in the Czech Republic. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, 1997. 95-112 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"The Czech Republic is in the midst of major demographic changes. The traditional model of family formation and reproductive behaviour has been replaced by a pattern of later marriage and delayed childbearing. In addition to that, a significant improvement in mortality indicators has been observed." The author suggests that the economic and social changes that are behind these demographic changes are similar to those affecting Europe as a whole.
Correspondence: J. Kocourková, Charles University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Demography and Geodemography, Albertov 6, 12 843 Prague, Czech Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20037 Lévy, Michel L. The population of France, 1995-1997. [La population de la France, 1995-1997.] Population et Sociétés, No. 333, Mar 1998. 4 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Population trends in France during the period 1995-1997 are reviewed. Although the number of births, deaths, and marriages varied little, significant changes included a decline in the number of young people, an increase in the number of the elderly, and a decline in the number of couples getting married.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75020 Paris, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20038 Miltényi, Károly. Hungary's population after World War II. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, 1996. 105-18 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"Hungary's population started to decline [around] 1980. This contribution analyses the main demographic and socio-economic factors determining the population decrease and the concomitant ageing. Declining nuptiality, low fertility, high mortality and substantial emigration are discussed in this context."
Correspondence: K. Miltényi, Demographic Research Institute, Fényes Elek U. 14/18, 1024 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20039 Nowak, Lucyna. Demographic situation in Poland on the background of changes in the European countries--in relation to forecast assumptions. Polish Population Review, No. 11, 1997. 133-42 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author discusses demographic trends in Poland and compares these trends with those in other European countries. Aspects considered include family formation and dissolution; fertility; mortality, life expectancy, and health status; demographic resources and changes in the age structure; and demographic aging.
Correspondence: L. Nowak, Central Statistical Office, Division of Demographic Statistics, al. Niepodleglosci 208, 00-925 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20040 Petropavlovskii, V. M.; Kil'dishev, G. S.; Kozlova, L. L. Problems of social and demographic development. [Problemy sotsial'nogo i demograficheskogo razvitiya.] LC 97-197750. 1995. 63 pp. Moskovskii Ekonomiko-Statisticheskii Institut: Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
This is a collection of articles by various authors on current socioeconomic and demographic trends in Russia. Topics covered include methodological aspects of the study of mortality, economic activity, and the process of human reproduction in the Moscow area.
Correspondence: Moskovskii Ekonomiko-Statisticheskii Institut, Nezhinskaya ul. 7, 119501 Moscow, Russia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

64:20041 Philipov, Dimiter. A demographic picture of Bulgaria. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 2, 1996. 105-21 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"Bulgaria's population has sometimes been cited in the demographic literature as an exception to the generally observed demographic processes. This paper discusses its most notable demographic idiosyncrasies against the background of the overall longlasting population changes and focuses particularly on the most recent demographic shifts in nuptiality, fertility, mortality, migration, and population ageing."
Correspondence: D. Philipov, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Demography, Acad. G. Bonthiev Street, Block 6, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20042 Rakaseta, Vilimaina L.; Haberkorn, Gerald; Demmke, Andreas; Lepers, Christelle. Fiji population profile: a guide for planners and policy-makers. ISBN 982-203-517-9. LC 97-194062. 1996. ix, 58 pp. South Pacific Commission: Nouméa, New Caledonia. In Eng.
This is a general, nontechnical introduction to the population situation in Fiji. It focuses on the implications of current population trends for development planners. There are chapters on population structure, including population size and distribution, age and sex distribution, households, educational characteristics, and economic activity; population dynamics, including population growth, fertility, mortality, and internal and international migration; likely future developments, including population projections; and overall implications for planners and policymakers.
Correspondence: South Pacific Commission, Nouméa, New Caledonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20043 Shakhot'ko, L. Demographic developments in the Republic of Belarus. [Demograficheskoe razvitie Respubliki Belarus'.] Voprosy Statistiki, No. 2, 1998. 67-72 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
Recent demographic trends in Belarus are described and compared with trends in other countries that were once part of the USSR. The author notes that the total number of deaths exceeded the total number of births for the first time in 1993, and that the gap between the two has continued to increase, so that, by 1996, there were 37,000 more deaths than births recorded. Urban areas have been more affected by population decreases than rural areas. The main cause of low fertility is identified as the harsh socioeconomic conditions: the author points out that even in childless two-income families, couples have difficulty in making ends meet. The changes in age and sex distribution that have occurred over time are analyzed, as are changes in health status, life expectancy, and mortality.
Correspondence: L. Shakhot'ko, NII Statistiki Minstata, Minsk, Belarus. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20044 Tanzania. Bureau of Statistics (Dar es Salaam, Tanzania); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Trends in demographic, family planning, and health indicators in Tanzania. Oct 1997. iv, 17 pp. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. In Eng.
"This report describes trends in key population, family planning, and health indicators in Tanzania over the past three decades.... In particular, the report addresses the prevailing demographic situation and describes trends in fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, infant and child mortality, and knowledge of AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)."
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20045 Véron, Jacques. Will India have a larger population than China? [L'Inde sera-t-elle plus peuplée que la Chine?] Population et Sociétés, No. 332, Feb 1998. 4 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in India are examined, with particular reference to the differences among the states in the pace of the demographic transition and in the effectiveness of the national family planning program. The author concludes that, if current trends continue, India will surpass China as the country with the largest population in less than 50 years.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75020 Paris, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20046 Yaakoubd, Abdel-Ilah. The socio-demographic situation of Morocco on the eve of the year 2000. [La situation socio-démographique au Maroc à la veille de l'an 2000.] Genus, Vol. 53, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1997. 243-59 pp. Rome, Italy. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ita.
"Slowing down of demographic growth, acceleration of urbanisation rhythm, pronounced youth of population, high potential of reproduction, continuous decline of fertility, [rising] age at first marriage, persistence of rural exodus, intensification of inter-urban migrations: those are the main features that have marked the demographic evolution of [the] Moroccan population during the last decades." The author discusses trends in literacy, youth unemployment, women's access to contraception, neonatal mortality, and living conditions in rural and urban areas.
Correspondence: A.-I. Yaakoubd, Institut National de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée, B.P. 6217 Rabat, Madinat Al Irfane, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20047 Zvidrins, Peteris. Changes in living standards and depopulation in Latvia in the 1990s. Social Indicators Research, Vol. 43, 1998. 121-40 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"In this paper the present situation in living standards and demographic trends is discussed. The analysis focuses on the time patterns in Latvia since the end of the 1980s." Aspects considered include economic development, employment and unemployment, housing conditions, marriage and family, fertility decline, mortality, and replacement fertility.
Correspondence: P. Zvidrins, University of Latvia, Rainis Boulevard 19, Riga 226098, Latvia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.