Volume 64 - Number 2 - Summer 1998

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

64:20001 Pullen, John M.; Parry, Trevor H. T. R. Malthus: the unpublished papers in the collection of Kanto Gakuen University. Volume 1. ISBN 0-521-58138-9. LC 97-24192. 1997. xxiv, 140 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This book is the first of two volumes comprising a collection of manuscripts by or relating to Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834), recently discovered in the estate of a distant nephew, consisting of correspondence, sermons, essays and lecture notes on political economy and history, some over 200 years old. The manuscripts provide insights into Malthus' personal life--especially his relationships with his parents and his tutors. They also give details of the books he studied as a student, and suggest hitherto unknown influences on his intellectual development. They suggest a solution to the question of who or what influenced him to omit the controversial theological chapters from later editions of his Essay on Population; and his sermons present further evidence of his religious views."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20002 Sagrera, Martín. Sex, population, and policies: facts and ideologies. [Sexo, población y política: hechos e ideologías.] ISBN 84-86575-58-3. 1996. 110 pp. A-Z Ediciones: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a general study on the global population problem. There are chapters on the growth of global population, demographic aging, the sociology of sexuality and population, sex and religion in history, why the Catholic church opposes birth control, abortion, and leftist Marxism and birth control.
Correspondence: A-Z Ediciones, Espronceda 20, 28003 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20003 Thumerelle, Pierre-Jean. The populations of the world. [Les populations du monde.] Série Géographie, ISBN 2-09-190224-1. 1996. 384 pp. Editions Nathan: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general analysis of global population trends, the focus being on the demographic transition and the regional population differences due to the varied pace and timing of that transition around the world. The first part of the book looks at the influence of time and space on the demographic transition, and includes sections on the discontinuities in global population dynamics, the contrast between underpopulated and overpopulated regions, and the trend toward greater concentrations of people in some areas. The second part looks at regional population trends, including demographic stagnation and aging in Europe and Russia, the proliferation and youthfulness of Sub-Saharan Africa's population, the convergence of populations in Asia toward a common pattern, and trends in the rest of the world.
Correspondence: Editions Nathan, 9 rue Méchain, 75676 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

No citations in this issue.

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

64:20004 Blackorby, Charles; Bossert, Walter; Donaldson, David. Uncertainty and critical-level population principles. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 11, No. 1, Feb 1998. 1-20 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper analyzes variable-population social-evaluation principles in a framework where outcomes are uncertain. We provide characterizations of expected-utility versions of critical-level generalized utilitarian rules. These principles evaluate lotteries over possible states of the world on the basis of the sum of the expected values of differences between transformed utility levels and a transformed critical level, conditional on the agents' being alive in the states under consideration. Equivalently, the critical-level utilitarian value functions applied to weighted individual expected utilities can be employed. Weights are determined by the anonymity axiom."
Correspondence: C. Blackorby, University of British Columbia, Department of Economics, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20005 Kuburovic, Ankica. Population reproduction in the works of Svetozar Markovic. [Stavovi o reprodukciji stanovnistva u delima Svetozara Markovica.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 35, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1997. 131-48 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"Svetozar Markovic explains in his works that population reproduction should be analyzed as an important social issue.... In line with...socialist and Marxist concepts, Markovic analyzes the components and population growth dynamics as well as the deterministic base of the reproduction model.... A basic precondition for the creation of more humane conditions for population reproduction lies in the process of emancipation of women and an improvement of its social status in the economic, political and cultural sense."
Correspondence: A. Kuburovic, Instituta Drustvenih Nauka, Centar za Demografska Istrazivanja, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20006 Lavely, William; Wong, R. Bin. Revising the Malthusian narrative: the comparative study of population dynamics in late imperial China. Seattle Population Research Center Working Paper, No. 98-5, Feb 1998. [42] pp. University of Washington, Seattle Population Research Center: Seattle, Washington. In Eng.
"Ever since Malthus, it has been conventional to cast the Chinese and European pre-industrial demographic systems as opposing archetypes.... In this article, drawing on both old and new evidence on demography and economy in late imperial times, we challenge this conventional dichotomy and its empirical underpinnings."
Correspondence: Seattle Population Research Center, c/o University of Washington, Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology, Department of Sociology DK-40, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20007 Namboodiri, Krishnan. Study of India's fertility transition: some issues. Janasamkhya, Vol. 12, No. 1-2, 1994. 1-16 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"The pre-1950 version of the demographic transition theory is used as a point of departure to examine the debate over the suitability of `structural-change' hypotheses to account for fertility transitions. Attention is given to the question whether the so-called diffusion hypotheses and cultural explanations are competitive winners over structural explanations, as has often been claimed recently." The geographical focus is on India.
Correspondence: K. Namboodiri, Ohio State University, Department of Sociology, 300 Bricker Hall, 190 North Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210-1353. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20008 Price, David. Of population and false hopes: Malthus and his legacy. Population and Environment, Vol. 19, No. 3, Jan 1998. 205-19 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author discusses the work of Malthus and its impact on future research and theory. Changes in the availability of demographic information are considered.
Correspondence: D. Price, Cornell University, Center for the Environment, Ithaca, NY 14853-5601. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

64:20009 Berlinguer, Giovanni. Population, ethics, and equity. [Popolazione, etica ed equità.] Genus, Vol. 53, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1997. 13-35 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"Demography is, explicitly and not, imbued with an [ethical] content.... As demography involves both public policies and individual choices, the [ethical] slant should be [examined]. Thus, what we have on the one hand is an [ethical] state, which dictates its citizens' personal behaviour and, on the other, a state based on liberty, backed up by three shared values: human rights, pluralism and equality. This article looks at how today these may be reinterpreted when making decisions regarding the population."
Correspondence: G. Berlinguer, Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, p.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20010 Meekers, Dominique; Ahmed, Ghyasuddin. Adolescent sexuality in Southern Africa: cultural norms and contemporary behaviour. In: International Population Conference/Congrès International de la Population: Beijing, 1997, Volume 2. 1997. 759-80 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liège, Belgium. In Eng.
"This paper briefly reviews the ethnographic literature on the cultural and religious norms about sexual behaviour among the Tswana of Botswana, describes patterns of sexual behaviour and discusses explanations for the deviations from the traditional norms using data from the 1995 Population Services International Botswana Adolescent Reproductive Health Survey in conjunction with recent focus group discussions conducted in Botswana."
Correspondence: D. Meekers, Population Services International, 1120 Nineteenth Street NW, Suite 600, Washington, D.C. 20036. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20011 Micklin, Michael; Poston, Dudley L. Continuities in sociological human ecology. Plenum Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, ISBN 0-306-45610-9. LC 97-38054. 1998. xvi, 373 pp. Plenum Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This book is a product of a conference held at Cornell University in the fall of 1990 to celebrate the fortieth anniversary of the publication of Amos Hawley's "Human Ecology". It consists of 16 papers by various authors on aspects of sociological human ecology. The first part contains papers on conceptual and theoretical considerations, including the relationships among human ecology, sociology, and demography. The second part presents the results of empirical research, covering such topics as the division of labor, the spatial distribution of population, suburbanization, segregation, agricultural patterns, and labor force participation. The geographical focus is worldwide.
Correspondence: Plenum Press, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013-1578. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20012 Obermeyer, Carla M.; Greenhalgh, Susan; Fricke, Tom; Rao, Vijayendra; Kertzer, David I.; Knodel, John. Qualitative methods in population studies: a symposium. Population and Development Review, Vol. 23, No. 4, Dec 1997. 813-53 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
This section contains five commentaries that "examine the potentials and limitations of qualitative methods for improving our understanding of population processes. Written from the perspective of different disciplinary positions, namely anthropology, sociology, history, and economics, in addition to demography, they illustrate different paths toward achieving this goal, and show that while anthropology has been the interlocutor of choice for demographers seeking a deeper comprehension of population processes, other disciplines have made important contributions to this endeavor."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

64:20013 Crook, Nigel; Timæus, Ian M. Principles of population and development: with illustrations from Asia and Africa. ISBN 0-19-877489-3. LC 96-28079. 1997. xi, 225 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This textbook, edited by Ian Timæus, "is designed to fill a significant gap in introductory teaching materials on population for undergraduates and Masters students of demography, development studies, economics, geography and related disciplines. The text grew out of lectures given by Nigel Crook, and its use of models and data from a wider-than-normal geographical base reflects his intention to produce a course book for international students. The book considers the debate over the relationships between population, natural resources, and development from Malthus on, and introduces recent thinking on population and environment issues. The political economy of famine and health, and of fertility and birth control is discussed in detail. The final chapters focus on interrelationships between population change and urbanization and industrialization in the developing world. Each chapter introduces theories and ideas about population and development and then moves on to empirical and quantitative material and case studies. Demographic measures and principles are explained fully in boxes, without taking any prior technical knowledge for granted."
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20014 Gendreau, Francis. African demography. [Démographie africaine.] Universités Francophones, ISBN 2-909455-69-6. 1996. 128 pp. Editions ESTEM: Paris, France. In Fre.
This work is intended as a basic introductory textbook to the study of African demography. The first chapter examines the population of Africa in relation to the global population; the second chapter looks at the available sources of data on the population of Africa. Chapter 3 is concerned with trends in mortality, fertility, and natural increase, and Chapter 4 with migration and urbanization. Chapter 5 analyzes the current characteristics of Africa's population, including population size, density, age and sex distribution, and households. A final chapter is concerned with policy issues.
Correspondence: ESTEM Editions Scientifiques, Techniques et Médicales, 5 rue Rousselet 75007, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20015 Gendreau, Francis; Fauveau, Vincent; Dang Thu. The demography of the Indochinese peninsula. [Démographie de la péninsule indochinoise.] Universités Francophones, ISBN 2-84371-005-7. 1997. 132 pp. Editions ESTEM: Paris, France. In Fre.
This basic introductory textbook presents an analysis of recent demographic trends in three countries of the Indochinese peninsula. Following a chapter on the region as a whole, there are individual chapters devoted to Cambodia, Laos, and Viet Nam. Each chapter examines the characteristics of the country's population using available national data, describes population policies where they exist, and analyzes development problems and their relationship to population factors.
Correspondence: ESTEM Editions Scientifiques, Techniques et Médicales, 5 rue Rousselet 75007, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20016 Kvashi, A. Yu.; Iontsev, V. A. Modern demography. [Sovremennaya demografiya.] ISBN 5-211-03388-4. 1995. 268 pp. Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta: Moscow, Russia. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
Developed by lecturers and researchers at Moscow State University's Center for Population Studies, this introductory textbook on the study of demography is aimed at students at both the undergraduate and postgraduate level. There are chapters on population trends and demographic analysis; the interrelation of socioeconomic and demographic processes; mortality; fertility; the demographic and economic problems of the modern family; migration; mathematical models of migration; population projections; population policy; population quality and macroeconomic processes; modern demographic concepts; and world population developments. The geographical focus of the book is on Russia.
Correspondence: Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta, Nikitskaya ul. 5/7, 103009 Moscow B, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20017 Laudet, Claire; Cox, Richard. The people of France today. [Le peuple de France aujourd'hui.] Readers in Contemporary French Civilisation, ISBN 0-7190-4215-1. LC 94-5407. 1995. x, 180 pp. Manchester University Press: New York, New York/Manchester, England. Distributed by St. Martin's Press, 175 5th Avenue, New York, NY 10010. In Fre.
This is one in a series of textbooks intended for English-speaking students on aspects of French civilization. The topic of this study is the population of France. There are chapters on population trends, the contemporary family, social groups, and marginal populations. The text is in French, and includes introductions, glossaries, comprehension questions, and explanatory notes.
Correspondence: Manchester University Press, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9NR, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:20018 Welti, Carlos. Demography I. [Demografía I.] ISBN 968-6605-22-3. 1997. 237 pp. Programa Latinoamericano de Actividades en Población [PROLAP]: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
This is a basic introductory textbook to the study of demography. Designed for a Spanish-speaking audience, the data used to illustrate the concepts are primarily taken from Latin America and the books referred to are in Spanish. The first part has chapters on the relation of demography to the social sciences in general, data sources, and demographic methods. The second part contains chapters on mortality, fertility, migration, and spatial distribution. The third part is concerned with the variables affecting population dynamics in Latin America and the Caribbean. A diskette is included containing both statistical data and practical exercises for students.
Correspondence: Programa Latinoamericano de Actividades en Población, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales de la UNAM, Circuito Mario de la Cueva s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico, DF, Mexico. E-mail: welti@servidor.unam.mx. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.