Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical up to World War I.
Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.
64:10536 Alchon, Suzanne A. The
great killers in precolumbian America: a hemispheric perspective.
Latin American Population History Bulletin, No. 27, Fall 1997. 2-11 pp.
Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Eng.
"This paper surveys the recent literature...on disease and health in the Americas before 1492, drawing some general conclusions regarding the major causes of mortality in various regions of the hemisphere. The paper adopts a comparative perspective, examining patterns of mortality in areas sparsely populated by societies of hunter-gatherers and those of the more densely settled regions including Mesoamerica and the Andean Highlands. It also compares causes of mortality in different geographical zones ranging from the tropical latitudes of the Caribbean and Central America to the temperate zones of North and South America."
Correspondence: S. A. Alchon, University of Delaware, Department of History, Newark, DE 19716. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
64:10537 Bardet, Jean-Pierre; Dupâquier,
Jacques. A history of the populations of Europe. II. The
demographic revolution, 1750-1914. [Histoire des populations de
l'Europe. II. La révolution démographique, 1750-1914.]
ISBN 2-213-59880-0. 1998. 647 pp. Fayard: Paris, France. In Fre.
The second of three planned volumes on the history of the populations of Europe, this work covers the period from 1750 to 1914, during which the population of Europe increased threefold and a major transformation in the demographic situation occurred. This volume contains 18 studies by scholars from all over Europe. The chapter headings are: Europe transformed; From political arithmetic to statistics; The decline of mortality; Continuities and changes in family life; New attitudes to life--fertility control; The progressive change in population structures; New patterns of distribution--town and country; Migration and population mobility in Europe during the Industrial Revolution; France in decline; The British Isles; The Low Countries; The Nordic countries from 1720 to 1914; The great changes affecting the German population; Central Europe; The Balkans; Eastern Europe; Italy; and Iberia.
For the first volume in this series, published in 1997, see 63:30530.
Correspondence: Libraire Arthème Fayard, 75 rue des Saints-Pères, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
64:10538 Bergad, Laird W.
Demographic change in a post-export boom society: the population of
Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1776-1821. Journal of Social History, Vol.
29, No. 4, Summer 1996. 895-932 pp. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
The author explores "the social and economic history of Minas Gerais [Brazil] in the late 18th and early 19th centuries....This article will consider the process of demographic readjustment occurring in Mineiro society in the aftermath of the 18th-century gold mining boom....The immigration of free people seeking economic opportunity virtually ceased between 1786 and 1808 when the annual rate of population growth in the capitania declined precipitously....The slave population declined by over 20% between 1786 and 1808....By the early 19th century free peoples of color had replaced slaves as the most numerous population sector, and their annual rates of demographic growth would assure population predominance in Minas Gerais from then on."
Correspondence: L. W. Bergad, Lehman College, Department of Latin American and Puerto Rican Studies, Bronx, NY 10468. Location: Princeton University Library (SH).
64:10539 Bonneuil, Noël.
Transformation of the French demographic landscape, 1806-1906.
ISBN 0-19-823340-X. 1997. 218 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In
The purpose of this study is to reconstruct the demographic evolution of France's population over the course of the nineteenth century using a methodology adapted to the available official data on the female population. The study begins with a review of the available methods for the reconstruction of historical populations, with particular emphasis on the approach used by Etienne Van de Walle. The next chapter examines the quality of the available data and describes what needs to be done to clean up these data. Next, there are chapters on the demographic coherence of the official tables of data and on the methods used to undertake the reconstruction of the population. The second part of the book presents the results of the analysis. There are chapters on the dynamics of the population as a whole, the fertility transition, changes in mortality and migration, and the scope of the demographic transition. In this last chapter, the possible interactions among mortality, fertility, and net migration are examined.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
64:10540 Dupâquier, Jacques.
The history of the French population. [Histoire de la
population française.] Collection Quadrige, ISBN 2-13-046820-9.
1995. [2,290] pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In
This boxed set of four volumes presents a history of the French population in a revised edition of its original publication in 1988. Volume 1 covers the period from the origins of the population up to the Renaissance, Volume 2 the period from the Renaissance up to 1789, Volume 3 the period from 1789 to 1914, and Volume 4 the period from 1914 to the present.
For the original four volumes, see 54:30545, 55:10569, 55:20559, and 55:20560.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, 108 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
64:10541 Hendrickx, François M.
M. Economic change and demographic continuity: the
demography of Borne and Wierden (the Netherlands) in the period of
proto- and factory industry, 1800-1900. History of the Family,
Vol. 2, No. 4, 1997. 425-50 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut. In Eng.
"The article tests some central hypotheses from theories of proto-industrialization. The work of Mendels and Medick suggests that prolonged intensification of cottage industry on a regional level will have significant consequences for nuptiality and fertility. Two family reconstitution studies in the Dutch region of Twente, an area with proto-industrial activities (linen weaving) since the second half of the seventeenth century, showed that with respect to nuptiality, there are no indications of the existence of a proto-industrial or industrial marriage pattern. It is argued that its absence, in spite of intensive cottage and factory industry in the region, can be attributed to the existence, on the level of the family, of a dual economy in which agriculture and textiles production supplemented each other well into the twentieth century."
Correspondence: F. M. M. Hendrickx, University of Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9103, 6500 HD Nijmegen, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
64:10542 Hungary. Központi Statisztikai
Hivatal (Budapest, Hungary); Hungary. Magyar Tudományos
Akadémia. Demográfiai Bizottsága (Budapest,
Hungary). The population history of Hungary (896-1995). A
product of the millecentenary. [Magyarország
történeti demográfiája (896-1995).
Millecentenáriumi eloadások.] ISBN 963-215-148-8. 1997.
417 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
This is a selection of papers by various authors presented at four conferences held in Hungary in 1995 and 1996. The conferences, held in honor of the millecentenary, were organized around the theme of Hungary's population history from its beginnings in the ninth century up to the present. The conferences and papers cover four main historical periods: the Arpadian age, the period from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century, the period from 1720 to 1870, and the modern era. An English summary of all the contributions, written by one of the main organizers, József Kovacsics, is included.
Correspondence: Központi Statisztikai Hivatal, Petrezselyem u. 7-9, 1024 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
64:10543 Schrover, Marlou. The
demographic consequences of changing employment opportunities: women in
the Dutch Meierij in the nineteenth century. History of the
Family, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1997. 451-80 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut. In Eng.
"In the nineteenth century, the demographic development of the Meierij, a region in the south-east of the Netherlands, was different from that of the rest of modernizing northern Europe. Infant mortality remained high, while it dropped elsewhere. The article shows why the current explanation for high infant mortality, which links a sustained high infant mortality to a change in feeding habits is not valid. Increased fertility due, among other reasons, to a lower marital age offers a better explanation. Changes in economic options open to unmarried women provide the clue. With fewer premarital occupational possibilities, women would have been more inclined to marry, or there would have been less pressure on them to forestall a marriage in order to profit to the full from the occupational options. More and earlier marriages meant more children were born, and also a higher infant mortality rate."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
64:10544 Wang, Yaosheng. The
study of change in able-bodied men and the population of China in the
early eighteenth century. Chinese Journal of Population Science,
Vol. 9, No. 2, 1997. 87-100 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"What was the population of able-bodied men and the overall population of China in the eighteenth century? This paper first investigates the statistical methods to determine the population of able-bodied men of China in the eighteenth century. Next, this paper corrects some data for the population of able-bodied men which were obviously incorrect. Finally, the relationship between the number of able-bodied men to the number of total families, and the ratio of the population of able-bodied men to the overall population [are] investigated...."
Correspondence: Y. Wang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Population Science, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
64:10545 Wrigley, E. A.; Davies, R. S.;
Oeppen, J. E.; Schofield, R. S. English population history
from family reconstitution, 1580-1837. Cambridge Studies in
Population, Economy and Society in Past Time, No. 32, ISBN
0-521-59015-9. LC 96-47524. 1997. xxii, 657 pp. Cambridge University
Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This book is intended as a complement to Wrigley and Schofield's Population History of England. It uses data from Anglican parish registers and the technique of family reconstitution to illuminate the population history of England from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century. "This second work demonstrates the value of the technique of family reconstitution as a means of obtaining accurate and detailed information about fertility, mortality, and nuptiality in the past....Using data from 26 parishes, the authors show clearly that their results are representative not only of the demographic situation of the parishes from which the data were drawn, but also of the country as a whole. While the book largely confirms the earlier findings of the Cambridge Group [for the History of Population and Social Structure], many novel and some very surprising features of the behaviour of past populations are brought to light for the first time."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past. Relevant items are coded here and, if of more general interest than to historical demography alone, are cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.
64:10546 Bengtsson, Tommy; Broström,
Göran. Distinguishing time-series models by impulse
response: a case study of mortality and population economy.
Historical Methods, Vol. 30, No. 4, Fall 1997. 165-71 pp. Washington,
D.C. In Eng.
"The use of different methods in the analysis of demographic time series, which has followed the general development of time-series analysis, has caused some problems. First, we need to know which method is best suited to analyze short-term changes in population in relation to economic cycles and other variables. Second, it is very difficult to compare the historical development of different countries, because different methods have been used....In this article, we attempt to compare the different methods used so far and limit ourselves to methods in the time domain. We first discuss it theoretically, then illustrate ideas on two national Swedish historical time series: mortality for ages 25 to 55 and yearly real wages for the years 1751-1850."
Correspondence: T. Bengtsson, University of Lund, Department of Economic History, P.O. Box 7083, 220 07 Lund, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
64:10547 Post, Wendy; van Poppel, Frans; van
Imhoff, Evert; Kruse, Ellen. Reconstructing the extended
kin-network in the Netherlands with genealogical data: methods,
problems, and results. Population Studies, Vol. 51, No. 3, Nov
1997. 263-78 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper discusses the use of genealogical data for the study of the historical development of kinship networks in the Netherlands, 1830-1990. There are two main problems in using genealogies: the year of death is missing for a sizeable part of the research population; and the information available on all relevant branches is far from complete. A mixed estimation procedure was used to impute the missing years of death. Overcoming the second problem is more difficult; the only solution was to exclude individuals without children from the analysis. If these and other limitations of genealogies are not ignored and the effects of various types of under-registration are carefully assessed, genealogies can provide valuable information for our understanding of historical kinship patterns. The empirical results, using data on more than 160,000 persons, show that demographic changes in Dutch society during the last 160 years have significantly affected the kinship configuration."
Correspondence: W. Post, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
64:10548 Renard, Claude. The
Louis Henry survey: a bibliography. [Enquête Louis Henry:
bibliographie de l'enquête.] INED Dossiers et Recherches, No. 61,
Sep 1997. 82 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques
[INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an annotated bibliography of over 300 studies concerning the historical demographic project initiated by Louis Henry in 1959, which aimed to reconstitute the population of France from 1670 to 1829. The bibliography, which is organized chronologically, is divided into four topics: The origins and intellectual roots of Henry's initiative; Studies on the project and its methodology; Publications using data from the project at the primary level; and Studies using results from the project at the secondary level. An index of authors is provided.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).