Volume 64 - Number 1 - Spring 1998

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

64:10001 Furedi, Frank. Population and development: a critical introduction. ISBN 0-312-17656-2. LC 97-16710. 1997. 201 pp. St. Martin's Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This book is concerned with the debate over whether the current rate of global population growth poses a threat to humanity. The author argues that "the western preoccupation with population growth reveals more about the internal concerns of western societies than the socio-economic development of the south. He suggests that attempts to establish a causal link between increases in population and poverty lead to a pragmatic, even manipulative, approach to the issue of development. Examining a broad range of key debates and controversies--the `population bomb' in Asia, the culture of a distinct regime of African fertility, the role of education in stabilizing population growth in Kerala--he contends that the marginalization of the goal of development is the outcome of a narrow concern with population policies. He fears that the recent shift of the population agenda towards the problems of the environment, gender equality and reproductive health is informed by a similar opportunistic pragmatism."
Correspondence: St. Martin's Press, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:10002 Livi-Bacci, Massimo. A concise history of world population. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-631-20454-7. LC 96-34353. 1997. xiv, 249 pp. Blackwell: Malden, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This is a fully revised edition of a general history of the human population that examines the changing patterns of population growth and the effects of migration, wars, disease, technology, and culture. "The author provides a new account of the causes and consequences of European migration and colonization, and of the interactive influence of nature, place and space on settlement and population dynamics. He has revised his discussion of the relationship between development, affluence and population change. The final chapters of the book have been entirely recast to give an extensive analysis of the carrying capacity of the planet in relation to a possible doubling of population during the next fifty years. The author examines the effects of changes in relative affluence and population growth on food production, resources and the natural environment. We are entering a new historical phase, [the author] suggests, in which population growth will cease to produce economies of scale and may start to produce overwhelming diseconomies, the result of which could be environmental collapse and human catastrophe. The underlying purpose of this book is to understand the links between nature, culture and population, and to seek thereby the means of avoiding such an outcome."
For the first edition, published in 1992, see 58:30003.
Correspondence: Blackwell Publishers, 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

64:10003 Healey, Kaye. Population. Issues for the Nineties, Vol. 30, ISBN 1-875682-35-X. 1994. 40 pp. Spinney Press: Balmain, Australia. In Eng.
This is an introduction to population issues in the world in general and in Australia in particular. There are chapters on world population, population and immigration in Australia, and the politics of family planning.
Correspondence: Spinney Press, 226 Darling Street, Balmain NSW 2041, Australia. Location: Harvard University Library, Cambridge, MA.

64:10004 Kapitsa, S. A model of world population growth as an experiment in systematic research. [Model' rosta naseleniya zemli kak opyt sistemnogo issledovaniya.] Voprosy Statistiki, No. 8, 1997. 46-57 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
The author suggests that the worldwide demographic changes in the second half of the twentieth century, coupled with the growth in the volume of available data, have raised the question of whether it is possible to articulate general laws of demographic development. However, the close relationship between population and socioeconomic development makes it difficult to use standard demographic methods to address this issue. In the author's view, it is necessary to look outside the narrow confines of demography for methods of analyzing population dynamics on a global level. After describing several different methodologies, the author introduces a mathematical model to illustrate an interdisciplinary approach to the study of human population trends.
Correspondence: S. Kapitsa, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physical Problems, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:10005 Talwar, Prem P. Demographic research in India: has it benefitted FW programme. Demography India, Vol. 26, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1997. 123-37 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is the text of the third George Simmons Memorial Lecture, presented in Coimbatore, India, in February 1997. "Since the person in whose memory this lecture is being delivered has contributed immensely to research in the field of population and that too in India, I feel that it was befitting me to speak on demographic research in India and how it has benefitted [the] family planning programme. My choice of this topic is also dictated by my feeling that we, the demographers have not...used our potential to help the country to solve our number one problem."
Correspondence: P. P. Talwar, Population, Health and Family Planning Programme, B-1/1027, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110 070, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

64:10006 Avery, John. Progress, poverty and population: re-reading Condorcet, Godwin and Malthus. ISBN 0-7146-4750-0. LC 97-30117. 1997. xvi, 151 pp. Frank Cass: London, England. In Eng.
The author reviews the debate of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries between the optimists of the Enlightenment, such as Condorcet and Godwin, who believed that science, reason, and education, together with the principles of political liberty and equality, would soon lead humanity into a new era of happiness; and the pessimists, such as Malthus, who believed that the benefits of scientific progress would be eaten up by a growing population.
Correspondence: Frank Cass Publishers, Newbury House, 900 Eastern Avenue, London IG2 7HH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:10007 Bonneuil, Noël. Games, equilibria, and population regulation under viability constraints: an interpretation of the work of the anthropologist Fredrik Barth. [Jeux, équilibres, et régulation des populations sous contraintes de viabilité: une lecture de l'oeuvre de l'anthropologue Fredrik Barth.] Population, Vol. 52, No. 4, Jul-Aug 1997. 947-75 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The anthropologist Fredrik Barth has drawn on the mathematical notions of equilibrium in dynamic systems theory and in game theory to show how social forms are generated by individual interactions. In this article, however, it is suggested that what is involved is less equilibria than viability....The exact future of a system cannot be predicted, but it is possible to identify the largest set of states from which there is at least one possibility of remaining within the constraints and thus of surviving. It is the law of regulation which provides the set of viable controls for each state. Other applications of viability theory in demography are presented in appendices."
Correspondence: N. Bonneuil, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. E-mail: bonneuil@cilaos.ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:10008 Greene, Margaret E.; Biddlecom, Ann E. Absent and problematic men: demographic accounts of male reproductive roles. Population Council Policy Research Division Working Paper, No. 103, 1997. 63 pp. Population Council, Policy Research Division: New York, New York. In Eng.
"Both men and women make important contributions to the production of children, yet demographic studies of fertility and family planning have tended to focus on women alone. This paper traces the development of demography's emphasis on women and describes how the limitations of its theoretical approaches to reproduction and empirical neglect of men have been mutually reinforcing. The paper is structured around four aims: (1) to describe why men have had a relatively low profile as subjects in demographic research on reproduction; (2) to explain growing interest in studying men's roles; (3) to evaluate existing research on men in developing countries; and (4) to suggest directions for future research on men's reproductive roles."
This paper was originally presented at the 1997 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: Population Council, Policy Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:10009 Klupt, M. The demographic development of Russia: history and theory. [Demograficheskoe razvitie Rossii: istoriya i teoriya.] Voprosy Statistiki, No. 3, 1997. 45-9 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
The author describes demographic trends in Russia in recent years, discussing the relevance of the demographic transition theory to the Russian experience. The relationships among social, economic, and political events and demographic changes are examined. The author also considers whether Russia's recent demographic experiences will give rise to new demographic theories.
Correspondence: M. Klupt, Sankt-Peterburzskii Universitet Ekonomiki i Finansov, Kanal Giboedova 30/32, 191023 St. Petersburg, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:10010 Lesthaeghe, R. Imre Lakatos' views on theory development: applications to the field of fertility theories. IPD Working Paper, No. 1997-1, 1997. 21 pp. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interface Demography: Brussels, Belgium; Universiteit Gent, Vakgroep Bevolkingswetenschappen: Gent, Belgium. In Eng.
Some aspects of the process of reassessing demographic theories are examined, with particular reference to theories concerning fertility. In particular, the author considers the strategy of progressive program shifts as expounded by Imre Lakatos, and the strategy of inductive knowledge of comparative reliability developed by L. Jonathan Cohen, and outlines their relevance to demography. The changes in family formation, union dissolution, and family reconstitution that have occurred in many Western nations since World War II, as well as the historical European fertility transition, are used to examine how demographic theories evolve and change. The author concludes that, in the light of Lakatos's principles, current theories concerning fertility change are largely complementary rather than conflicting.
This paper was originally presented at the 1997 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interface Demography, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. E-mail: esvbalck@vnet3.vub.ac.be. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

64:10011 Guinnane, Timothy W. Interdisciplinary perspectives on Irish economic and demographic history. Historical Methods, Vol. 30, No. 4, Fall 1997. 173-81 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this article I look at...how other historians have affected the research of Ireland's economic and demographic historians. In all likelihood, social, cultural, and other historians have learned from economists and demographers, but whether and how much is for them to say. The term interdisciplinary has many meanings. In the next section, I describe its meaning in this article and how interdisciplinary research can be valuable even in the narrow sense used here. I go on to discuss three concrete examples of recent economic and demographic history research that has profited from work in other fields."
Correspondence: T. W. Guinnane, Yale University, Department of Economics, New Haven, CT 06520. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

64:10012 De Bartolo, Giuseppe. Elements of demographic analysis and applied demography. [Elementi di analisi demografica e demografia applicata.] 2nd ed. ISBN 88-86067-41-0. 1997. [253] pp. Università degli Studi della Calabria, Centro Editoriale e Librario: Rende, Italy. In Ita.
This is a textbook designed for second- and third-year students majoring in economics and social sciences at the undergraduate level. The first ten chapters are devoted to the basics of demographic analysis, including principles of cohort and period analysis, demographic processes, population growth, reproduction, and population projections. Empirical examples are included. The final three chapters focus on the application of demographic analysis to the fields of marketing and human resource management.
Correspondence: Università degli Studi della Calabria, Centro Editoriale e Librario, 87036 Rende, Italy. Author's E-mail: debart@unical.it. Source: Author's announcement.

64:10013 Leridon, Henri. Evolving population pyramids: a program of population projections. [Pyramides animées: un programme de projections démographiques.] Méthodes et Savoirs, No. 1, 1997. 26 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This computer program is supplied on a 3.5-inch floppy disk, accompanied by a brief description and instruction manual. It is designed to calculate the changing age structure of a population given certain assumptions about fertility, mortality, or the rate of population growth. The output is shown as age pyramids. The program is primarily educational in nature and does not take every possible variable, such as migration, into account. It is written in Turbo-Pascal and is meant to be run on a personal computer under DOS or Windows. An English-language version of the program is also available on a floppy disk.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:10014 Peters, Gary L.; Larkin, Robert P. Population geography: problems, concepts, and prospects. 5th ed. ISBN 0-7872-1816-2. LC 96-78651. 1997. xx, 300 pp. Kendall/Hunt: Dubuque, Iowa. In Eng.
"Our purpose is to provide students with an introduction to population geography, a task that requires drawing upon materials from many disciplines and integrating them into a readable text. We begin with population growth in an effort to generate an interest in the study of population. Following that, we look at demographic data, which is so essential to helping us understand population processes. Population distribution and composition are considered, followed by discussions of theories of population growth and change. After that, the focus turns to the basic demographic processes--mortality, fertility, and migration. The migration discussion in turn leads to a discussion of urbanization. The next two chapters examine relationships between population, environment, and food supply. A final chapter illustrates some practical applications and case studies. A computer disk containing additional statistical information is provided with this edition. The tables included on this disk are: United States Statistical Data by State, Demographic Information for Major Metropolitan Areas of the United States, [and] World Statistical Information. The computer disk is formatted for computers in Excel 4.0."
For the fourth edition, published in 1993, see 60:10027.
Correspondence: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 4050 Westmark Drive, P.O. Box 1840, Dubuque, IA 52004-1840. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:10015 Rocha-Trindade, Maria B.; Cordeiro, Ana P.; Horta, Ana P. B.; Madeira, Ana I.; Rego, Maria do C. C.; Viegas, Telma. The sociology of migrations. [Sociologia das migrações.] ISBN 972-674-162-9. 1995. 410 pp. Universidade Aberta: Lisbon, Portugal. In Por.
This is a multimedia introduction to the study of migration, consisting of a written text, a videocassette with 10 programs, and three audio cassettes with 6 programs, prepared by a team working at the Centro de Estudos das Migrações e das Relações Interculturais at the Universidade Aberta in Lisbon. The total package covers the social and theoretical aspects of migration, as well as applied studies focusing on migration concerning Portugal, and includes a comprehensive list of relevant legal documents. It is designed primarily for graduate students in sociology. Considerable attention is given to the many Portuguese communities overseas as well as to the new phenomenon of immigration into Portugal.
Correspondence: Universidade Aberta, Rua da Escola Politécnica 141-147, 1250 Lisbon, Portugal. Author's E-mail: mbrt@univ-ab.pt. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.