Volume 63 - Number 4 - Winter 1997

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical up to World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

63:40549 Beccarini, Antonella. The nominative study of a cohort of marriages in Rieti in the first half of the nineteenth century. [Lo studio nominativo di una coorte di matrimoni di Rieti nella prima metà dell'ottocento.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 23, 1995. 9-57 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The method of family reconstitution is used here to analyze demographic trends in the Italian city of Rieti at the beginning of the nineteenth century using data from parish records.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40550 Ferro, João P. The Portuguese population at the end of the ancien régime (1750-1815). [A população portuguesa no final do antigo regime (1750-1815).] ISBN 972-23-1973-6. LC 96-133486. 1995. 170 pp. Editorial Presença: Lisbon, Portugal. In Por.
This is a demographic analysis of the population of Portugal in the last half of the nineteenth century. Topics covered include population growth, density, and sex and age distribution; urban and rural populations; population dynamics, including nuptiality, birthrates, fertility, emigration, mortality, causes of death, and infant mortality; minority and ethnic groups; and a previously unpublished population survey from 1765. A bibliography of data sources and relevant works is also provided.
Correspondence: Editorial Presença, Rua Augusto Gil 35-A, 1000 Lisbon, Portugal. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

63:40551 Peréz Brignoli, Héctor. Demographic regimes in Latin America from the 18th to the 20th centuries. A preliminary report. In: International Population Conference/Congrès International de la Population: Beijing, 1997, Volume 1. 1997. 149-63 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liège, Belgium. In Eng.
This is a review of what is known about demographic regimes in Latin America from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. The author defines such regimes as the mechanisms of reproduction and self-regulation of human populations. The need for the analysis of long time-series data in order to understand the nature and dynamics of these regimes is stressed.
Correspondence: H. Peréz Brignoli, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro, Costa Rica. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40552 Società Italiana di Demografia Storica [SIDES] (Bologna, Italy). Inequalities: social stratification and mobility in the populations of Italy (from the fourteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century). [Disuguaglianze: stratificazione e mobilità sociale nelle popolazioni italiane (dal sec. XIV agli inizi del secolo XX).] ISBN 88-8091-488-X. 1997. xii, 882 pp. Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice [CLUEB]: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
This two-volume collective work is a product of a conference on historical demography held in Savona, Italy, in November 1992, and consists of the contributions of the Italian demographers attending the conference. The focus of the 48 papers, which are organized into 6 sessions, is on inequality and social mobility. The sessions are entitled Social and professional stratification and mobility within and between generations in rural and urban populations; Migration and social mobility; Stratification and demographic differentials in the processes of social mobility; State and church in the creation of forms of social and professional stratification; Family strategies and legal restrictions in the transmission of property and social status; and Demographic crises and changes in social and professional stratification. The geographical focus is on Italy.
Correspondence: Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice, Via Marsala 24, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40553 Whitmore, Thomas M. Population geography of calamity: the sixteenth and seventeenth century Yucatán. International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 2, No. 4, Dec 1996. 291-311 pp. Chichester, England. In Eng.
"This historical demography for Yucatán [Mexico] at the time of Spanish contact presents a number of problems. There were multiple Maya-Spaniard contacts before the Spaniards established a continuous presence after the protracted conquest of the Yucatán. The area of Yucatán that was controlled by the Spanish at any one time is not precisely known, and Yucatán offered `refuge' areas where the indigenous population could avoid Spanish control and counts. These issues are addressed here by considering different regions of the Yucatán and using a numerical computer simulation to generate new estimates of population that result from migration, warfare, agricultural calamity, and epidemics."
Correspondence: T. M. Whitmore, University of North Carolina, Department of Geography, CB3220, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3220. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past. Relevant items are coded here and, if of more general interest than to historical demography alone, are cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

63:40554 Bocquet-Appel, J. P.; Masset, C. Paleodemography: expectancy and false hope. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 99, No. 4, Apr 1996. 571-83 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"From parent populations (N=50,000) stochastically generated...reference samples and target demographic samples are randomly drawn. Two iterative techniques, proportional fitting procedure and Bayesian, are used to estimate from the reference samples the age distribution of the targets....These techniques allow the estimation of the average of an age distribution, even if its shape is unknown. Under the hypothesis that the target sample is drawn from a stationary population, this average represents the life expectancy at 20 years (plus 20 years). Using this mean age at death for the adults and the juvenility index at death...a new set of paleodemographic estimators were derived from 40 archaic life tables. For a hypothesized stable population, they give the life expectancy at birth and at 20 years, and the probability of death at 1 and 5 years."
Correspondence: J. P. Bocquet-Appel, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Biologique, Musée de l'Homme, 17 place du Trocadéro, 75116 Paris, France. E-mail: bocquet@cimrs1.mnhn.fr. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

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