Volume 63 - Number 1 - Spring 1997

K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and economic aspects. Relations affecting a single demographic variable and economic factors are coded under the variable concerned and cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

K.1. Economic Development and Population

Studies concerned equally with economic and social development. Most studies on the microeconomics of the family will be found in G.2. Family and Household and cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population

Studies on economic and social development with a worldwide emphasis, together with those with no geographical emphasis.

63:10644 Higgins, Matthew; Williamson, Jeffrey G. Asian demography and foreign capital dependence. NBER Working Paper, No. 5560, May 1996. 37, [28] pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"We argue that: Much of the impressive rise in Asian savings rates since the 1960s can be explained by the equally impressive decline in youth dependency burdens; Where Asia has kicked the foreign capital dependence habit is where youth dependency burdens have fallen most dramatically; Aging will not diminish Japan's capacity to export capital in the next century, but little of it will go to the rest of Asia since the rest will become net capital exporters, at least if demography is allowed to have its way. These conclusions emerge from a model which rejects steady-state analysis in favor of transition analysis, and extends the conventional focus of the dependency rate literature on savings to investment and net capital flows."
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

63:10645 Kelley, Allen C.; Schmidt, Robert M. Saving, dependency and development. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1996. 365-86 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"The widely-observed finding in the literature showing little or no relationship between population growth (and dependency) and saving requires modification based on panel and cross-section estimation of aggregate country data. While such a relationship is still weak in the hybrid Leff-type model, it is now found consistently over time and by stage of development in the Mason variable-growth life-cycle framework, where changes in demographic factors account for a notable part of saving."
Correspondence: A. C. Kelley, Duke University, Department of Economics, Box 90097, Durham, NC 27708-0097. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10646 Milbourne, Ross. Growth, capital accumulation and foreign debt. Economica, Vol. 64, No. 253, Feb 1997. 1-13 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper investigates the relationship between growth, population growth, capital accumulation and foreign debt. The paper uses an open economy neoclassical growth model to look at what macroeconomic forces explain why a number of countries accumulated (often unsustainable) debt and others did not. We show that a condition for debt stabilization relates the marginal propensity to consume out of wealth to the population growth rate and real rate of interest. The paper also shows that higher natural population growth must be associated with a higher level of net foreign debt per head, but that the same conclusion does not follow for higher rates of immigration, nor necessarily for higher rates of productivity growth. Finally, the paper characterizes a fiscal policy rule which if followed would prevent economies from entering debt traps following adverse shocks."
Correspondence: R. Milbourne, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2033, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

63:10647 Myers, Norman; Vincent, Jeffrey R.; Panayotou, Theodore. Consumption: challenge to sustainable development...or distraction? Science, Vol. 276, No. 5309, Apr 4, 1997. 53-7 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a debate on the significance of consumption for the achievement of sustainable levels of global development. Myers argues that consumption, particularly in developed countries, may prove the least tractable of the four interlinked problems of population, environment, development, and consumption. Vincent and Panayotou, on the other hand, argue that the problem is caused not by consumption levels, but by consumption patterns, and that more sustainable consumption patterns can be realized through adoption of appropriate policies. Responses to both arguments from the other side are included.
Correspondence: N. Myers, Oxford University, Green College, Oxford, England; J. F. Vincent, Harvard Institute for International Development, 1 Eliot Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. E-mail: jvincent@hiid.harvard.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

63:10648 Rosenzweig, Mark R.; Stark, Oded. Handbook of population and family economics. Handbooks in Economics, Vol. 14, No. 1A, 1B, ISBN 0-444-89647-3. 1997. 1,302 pp. Elsevier Science Publishers: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This publication is part of a series of handbooks produced for various branches of economics and designed to provide "a definitive source, reference, and teaching supplement for use by professional researchers and advanced graduate students". This handbook provides a collection of the contributions of various economists to the study of demographic phenomena in general, and to the study of the family in particular. The 21 contributions are presented in two volumes, and organized under six topics: the family, including family formation and dissolution, intrahousehold distribution, and intergenerational and interhousehold economic links; fertility, including the cost of children and the economics of having children in both developed and developing countries; mortality and health, including infants and children on the one hand and adults and the elderly on the other; migration, both internal and international; demographic aging; and aggregate population change and economic growth.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Elsevier Science Publishers, P.O. Box 839, 1000 AV Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

K.1.2. Developing Countries

General studies on the relations between population factors and economic development in developing countries. Includes studies on dependency as they relate to developing countries.

63:10649 Boland, Barbara. Population dynamics and development in the Caribbean. [Dinámica de la población y desarrollo en el Caribe.] Notas de Población, No. 62, Dec 1995. 57-113 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
The author investigates the impact of socioeconomic development on population dynamics in the Caribbean. Aspects considered include mortality patterns; fertility trends; adolescent fertility; international, intra-regional, and return migration; and policy implications.
Correspondence: B. Boland, UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Caribbean, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10650 Chathley, Y. P. Education, population and development: a regional perspective of northwest India. ISBN 81-85835-24-1. May 1995. xxx, 570 pp. Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development: Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
This study examines the relations among education, population, and development in northeast India, using 1971, 1981, and 1991 census data. The analysis is performed at both the district and tehsil (sub-district) level. The author illustrates "the mutual relationship of demographic structures, population distribution and levels of economic, social and educational development. The relationships have been found to be complex and to vary geographically with the level of social, economic, cultural and educational development of the region. The study seeks to identify the constraints in initiating programmes of action for and achieving the objective of the universalization of education, conditions of varying population growth patterns and diverse perspectives of development."
Correspondence: Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development, 2-A Sector 19-A, Madhya Marg, Chandigarh 160 019, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10651 Hill, Kenneth; Palloni, Alberto. Demographic responses to economic shocks: the case of Latin America. Research in Human Capital and Development, Vol. 8, 1994. 197-223 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut. In Eng.
The authors examine the extent to which the economic fluctuations that occurred in Latin America during the 1980s had demographic effects. "The plan of the paper is as follows. First, we discuss briefly the mechanisms through which economic recession and adjustments programs might affect demographic outcomes. Second, we implement a simple procedure to assess the magnitudes of the short-term economic effects of the current recession on nuptiality, fertility and mortality. Third, we apply a technique using successive census age distributions to estimate the magnitude of past fertility and mortality fluctuations. In an effort to provide additional evidence of demographic responses to past crises, these `indirect' estimates are then compared with more direct ones obtained from somewhat scanty historical records."
Correspondence: K. Hill, Johns Hopkins University, Department of Population Dynamics, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205. Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC).

63:10652 Li, Yongping. Impact of population size on market demand under a market economy. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1996. 163-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This study...will address the impact of the size of [China's] population upon demand rather than consumption in order to be consistent with the analysis of demand-supply equilibrium. The...discussion on the relationship between market demand and consumer population is based on examples (qualitative analysis) and hypotheses (quantitative analysis), in an effort to discern the correlated factors and provide a basis for further study."
Correspondence: Y. Li, Beijing University, Institute of Demography, Hai Dian, Beijing 100871, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10653 McFadden, Patricia. Reproductive rights and population control in Zimbabwe. Southern Africa Political and Economic Monthly, Vol. 8, No. 8, May 1995. 42-4 pp. Harare, Zimbabwe. In Eng.
The author argues that population control in Zimbabwe, in other developing countries, and even in developed countries is targeted at non-whites and at the poorer classes. She discusses fertility vaccines and male sterilization in this context, and makes the point that while the technology of population control flows from the North to the South, resources from the South are flowing North to maintain the economic status quo. "I think that the real population problem is the widening gap between a few greedy, irresponsible people, most of whom happen to be located in the North, and the rest of humankind, whose lives have been so denigrated that they are now merely statistics....We can easily see that what should be feeding, clothing, housing, healing, pleasing Africans, goes North, all in the name of `development'."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:10654 Nyamwange, Monica. Population growth and development: the Kenyan experience. Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives, Vol. 14, No. 1-2, Mar-Jun 1995. 149-60 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"Evidence from Kenyan demographic data indicates that the fertility levels among Kenyan women are still high, with an average household of seven, an annual population growth rate close to four percent. The high rate of population growth is attributed to a decline in infant mortality, improved medical services and generally lower mortality. This paper addresses the impacts of rapid population growth on the development process....The paper argues that slowing the rate of population growth is critical if sustainable economic development is to be attained."
Correspondence: M. Nyamwange, East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, PA 18301-2988. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

63:10655 Ohadike, Patrick O. The African population growth and development conundrum. Health Transition Review, Vol. 6, Suppl., 1996. 325-44 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"Africa today has great untapped resources but a large proportion of its population suffers from despondency, poverty and deprivation. For the last 35 years or so, despite the volume of assistance from the international community, African countries have not been successful in curing the malaise. This paralysis constitutes the major conundrum of African development. There has been a total evaporation of the development successes of the 1960s and 1970s and a marked decline thereafter, in a world that has been increasingly experiencing unprecedented expansion of wealth....Given that most favourable conditions in the continent are in a state of flux, another riddle is to ascertain if and when Africa in contrast to other developing countries, can possibly attain an advanced stage in the demographic transition....Still another riddle is founded on a rather simplistic expectation of the elimination of poverty and inequality in international economic relations through the rich solving the problems of the poor."
Correspondence: P. O. Ohadike, United Nations Development Programme, P.O. Box 1423, Accra, Ghana. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10656 Rock, Michael T. The stork, the plow, rural social structure and tropical deforestation in poor countries? Ecological Economics, Vol. 18, No. 2, Aug 1996. 113-31 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper uses a model of deforestation based on rural household labor allocation decisions to empirically assess how those decisions interact with the structure of rural political economy to determine the extent of deforestation in poor countries. Cross-country multiple regression equations suggest that policies to intensify smallholder agriculture can slow population movement to the agricultural frontier. But regression results also show that this outcome depends on the degree of equality in the distribution of landholdings and the extent of rural rootlessness. These findings have two important implications for public policy. First, they suggest that efforts to slow deforestation must start with an understanding of the behavior of the millions of small farmers who now deforest. Second, they suggest that political economy interpretations of deforestation need to [be] taken more seriously by those trying to conserve forested areas."
Correspondence: M. T. Rock, Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, 1611 N. Kent Street, Arlington, VA 22209. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10657 Schmid, Josef. Development under population pressure and shortage of resources--an alternative path to the demographic transition. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 15, No. 8-10, 1995. 95-118 pp. Hull, England. In Eng.
The author discusses problems of population pressure and limited resources in developing countries. He suggests that the development experiences of the United States and Europe may not be applicable to developing countries, due to more extreme needs for food and resources. He presents new guidelines for thinking about population development and the environment in developing countries, and suggests ways for the West to assist these nations.
Correspondence: J. Schmid, Otto Friedrich Universität Bamberg, Lehrstuhl für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Hornthalstraße 2, 96045 Bamberg, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10658 Simpson, Alan K.; Beilenson, Anthony C.; Wendt, David; Gelbard, Alene; deSherbinin, Alex; Levy, Karen. Population and U.S. national interests: a framework for thinking about the connections. A report of the CSIS Steering Committee on Population and U.S. National Interests. CSIS Panel Report, ISBN 0-89206-278-9. LC 95-42426. 1996. 34 pp. Center for Strategic and International Studies: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The purpose of this report is to examine the link between population trends and economic, social, and political conditions and to assess their significance within overall U.S. foreign policy priorities for the post-cold war period." The focus is on rapid population growth as a root cause of instability in developing countries, and on the challenge of population to global security. The role of population issues in internal U.S. politics is also considered.
Correspondence: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1800 K Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20006. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10659 Tian, Xueyuan. Sustainable development of population and resources. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1996. 239-47 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This article proposes...that sustainable development of population and resources is a condition which in the final analysis, can be summarized as the material transformation of resources. For China, the formation of a sustainable development strategy for population and resources requires an awareness of resource scarcity..., an awareness of population increase and the trend of consequential decrease in the per capita possession of resources, and an awareness of the `weighted effect' of [the] population increase denominator--which means the increase of per capita consumption of resources caused by people's pursuit of a higher living standard, the acceleration of population urbanization, and changes in consumption pattern."
Correspondence: X. Tian, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10660 Yu, Xuejun. The economics of population aging in China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1996. 205-19 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Using Marxist economic theories as a theoretical framework, this article presents the aging of the population [in China] as an external variable for the socioeconomic function in studying the relationship between population aging and production, distribution, exchange, consumption, and social security. It gives an illustration of the relationship between population aging and economic development and offers economic countermeasures for population aging."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

K.1.3. Developed Countries

Studies on the relations between population and economic factors as they affect the developed world. Also includes studies on the economic effects of a stationary or declining population, the effects of aging on the economy, retirement, and problems of economic dependency in developed countries.

63:10661 Deming, William G. A decade of economic change and population shifts in U.S. regions. Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 119, No. 11, Nov 1996. 3-14 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This article examines the economic fortunes of the individual [U.S.] States between 1983 and 1995. The first part of the article examines employment growth within the States, using a shift-share analysis. Next, because State employment growth often goes hand-in-hand with population growth, these two variables are examined in combination. Finally, several key issues related to regional economic growth over the last decade are discussed."
Correspondence: W. G. Deming, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Office of Employment Projections, Washington, D.C. 20212. Location: Princeton University Library (Docs).

63:10662 Holzer, Jerzy Z. Five years of socioeconomic transformation in Poland--can we observe its impact on demographic processes already? [A társadalmi-gazdasági átalakulás öt éve Lengyelországban--észlelhetjük-e már ennek hatását a demográfiai folyamatokra?] Demográfia, Vol. 39, No. 4, 1996. 223-33 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
The demographic impact of the recent socioeconomic and political changes that have occurred in Poland is examined. Attention is given to changes in the age distribution of the rural and urban population, natural increase, marriage and divorce patterns, fertility, and life expectancy.
Correspondence: J. Z. Holzer, Ul. Mazowiecka 11 m 13, 00-052 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10663 Peterson, Peter G. Will America grow up before it grows old? How the coming Social Security crisis threatens you, your family, and your country. ISBN 0-679-45256-7. LC 96-21492. 1996. xi, 237 pp. Random House: New York, New York. In Eng.
This study examines the question "How will America prepare and pay for the growing dependency of our rapidly aging population?" The book has three main themes. The first is the inevitable demographic aging that will occur; over the next 45 years, the number of people 65 and over will increase by about 40 million, a rate much higher than the growth of the working-age population. The second concerns the problems of dependency generated by this change in age distribution, and particularly the ballooning costs of Social Security and Medicare. The third addresses ways to solve these problems; the author calls for an increase in savings of current income, and for research and education on increasing worker productivity.
Correspondence: Random House, 400 Hahn Road, Westminster, MD 21157. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:10664 Simcox, David E. Immigration and informalization of the economy: enrichment or atomization of community. Population and Environment, Vol. 18, No. 3, Jan 1997. 255-81 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The informal [U.S.] economy consists of those enterprises or individual workers which escape government regulation of wages, hours, labor safety and health, taxation, zoning or immigration....Providing the large labor reserve amenable to informalization has been the heavy admission of low-expectation, non-English speaking foreign workers since the late 1960s, and the subsequent inheritance by many of their U.S.-born children of similar labor market disadvantages. Abetting this transition have been deliberate government cutbacks since 1980 on enforcement of labor, immigration, safety and health standards. This article reviews the major ideological perspectives on informalization, which range from open admiration and encouragement of it as a force for economic competitiveness, to apprehension and condemnation as a form of state-condoned exploitation and an obstacle to sound development, greater income equality, community cohesion and rational economic planning."
Correspondence: D. E. Simcox, Migration Demographics, 9835 Timberwood Circle, Louisville, KY 40223. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

K.2. Population Growth and Natural Resources

Studies on the environment, quality of life, conservation, food production, etc., and their interrelations with population factors.

63:10665 Aramburú, Carlos E. Population and the environment: perspectives and proposals. [Población y medio ambiente: perspectivas y propuestas.] Revista Peruana de Población, No. 5, 1994. 9-39 pp. Lima, Peru. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author "reviews and analyzes different positions with regard to the relationship between population and environment....[He] examines the patterns--both static and dynamic--developed to study the environmental impact. Even though developed countries continue being mainly responsible for the industrial and energetical pollution, urbanized developing countries are not far behind in air and water springs pollution, deforestation and erosion of agricultural soils. [The author] puts forward some proposals to achieve an integrated approach to health programmes and to the management of resources at community level. For that purpose, he recommends four strategic criteria: population selection, community participation, program focus and technology transfer."
Correspondence: C. E. Aramburú, Pathfinder International, Regional Office for Latin America, 9 Galen Street, Watertown, MA 02172-4501. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10666 Colombo, Umberto. Energy resources and population. In: Resources and population: natural, institutional, and demographic dimensions of development, edited by Bernardo Colombo, Paul Demeny, and Max F. Perutz. 1996. 53-63 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The relation between energy resources and population is examined, with consideration given separately to fossil and nonfossil fuels. The author concludes that "the availability of energy sources in general, and the depletion of fossil-fuel reserves in particular, are not by themselves limiting factors in sustaining a still rapidly increasing world population on its way to development. The limits are rather in the way these resources are used, in the way technologies for their use are made available, and in how developing countries can be enabled to acquire, adapt, develop, and diffuse advanced energy technologies."
Correspondence: U. Colombo, Università degli Studi di Padova, Dipartimento dei Scienze Statistiche, 35100 Padua, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10667 Ezra, Markos. Demographic responses to ecological degradation and food insecurity: drought prone areas in northern Ethiopia. PDOD Publication, Series A, ISBN 90-5170-415-1. 1997. [xii], 373, [43] pp. Netherlands Graduate School of Research in Demography [PDOD]: Amsterdam, Netherlands; Thesis Publishers: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Dut.
"This research explores the relationship between growing ecological degradation and declining agricultural productivity on the one hand and increasing population density on the other. It presents...discussion on public awareness and perception about rural resources degradation and uncovers the social and demographic consequences of ecological degradation and food insecurity based on primary micro-level data collected from selected drought prone communities in Northern Ethiopia. Specifically, it attempts to measure the demographic changes that have taken place in the period 1984-1994 and interpret them in the context of demographic transition theory. It is argued that stress due to degradation of resources has compelled local people to realize the disadvantage of having a large number of children and apparently has led to fertility decline."
Correspondence: Thesis Publishers, Prinseneiland 305, 1013 LP Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10668 Gendreau, Francis; Gubry, Patrick; Véron, Jacques. Population and environment in developing countries. [Populations et environnement dans les pays du Sud.] Economie et Développement, ISBN 2-86537-670-2. 1996. 308 pp. Karthala: Paris, France; Centre Français sur la Population et le Développement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This collective work, which is the product of two recent CEPED seminars, concerns the relation between population and the environment in developing countries. The work as a whole revolves around the need for systems of production, currently producing enough to feed only 6 billion people, to evolve to enable 12 billion people to be fed. It is argued that the expansion and intensification of agricultural production involved will place the environment in danger. Furthermore, it is noted that the development of the now developed world was achieved largely through the exploitation and consumption of the natural world, and that a repeat of this process to meet the needs of the developing world is not a viable option. The authors stress the need to develop sustainable methods of production and consumption in order to solve the development problem.
Correspondence: Karthala, 22-24 boulevard Arago, 75013 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10669 Hamilton, Lawrence C.; Seyfrit, Carole L.; Bellinger, Christina. Environment and sex ratios among Alaska natives: an historical perspective. Population and Environment, Vol. 18, No. 3, Jan 1997. 283-99 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Linkages are often seen between environment and basic demographic variables--birth rate, death rate, and migration flow. In this article we direct attention to some ways in which environmental variables can also have gender-specific effects on deaths and migration. Such effects alter a society's male-female balance, influencing both the life chances of individuals and the viability of their communities. Our analysis here concentrates on Alaska, but the patterns we describe appear to be more general."
Correspondence: L. C. Hamilton, University of New Hampshire, Sociology Department, Durham, NH 03824. E-mail: Larry.Hamilton@unh.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10670 Japan. Institute of Population Problems (Tokyo, Japan). Research papers on the interrelationship between population growth in developing countries and the global environment, Volume 1. Institute of Population Problems Research Series, No. 288, Mar 31, 1996. 334 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
This publication contains 24 papers by various Japanese scholars on the impact of population growth on the environment in developing countries. The primary focus is on the situation in China and Thailand.
Correspondence: Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-45, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10671 Kendall, Henry W.; Arrow, Kenneth J.; Borlaug, Norman E.; Ehrlich, Paul R.; Lederberg, Joshua; Vargas, José I.; Watson, Robert T.; Wilson, Edward O. Meeting the challenges of population, environment, and resources: the costs of inaction. Environmentally Sustainable Development Proceedings Series, No. 14, ISBN 0-8213-3635-5. LC 96-9106. Sep 1996. vi, 46 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a report of the senior scientists' panels that were associated with the third annual World Bank Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development, co-sponsored by the Union of Concerned Scientists and the World Bank. The conference was held in Washington, D.C. on October 4 and 9, 1995. The report focuses on the environmental challenges that the world is facing, and on the fact that "the present course of human behavior is inappropriate and likely to have very negative effects on the planet in general and on developing countries in particular". There are chapters on climate change, the loss of biodiversity, food production, energy and climate change, disease, population and environmental destruction, and the economic aspects of environmental challenges.
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. E-mail: books@worldbank.org. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:10672 Krishnan, Rekha. Growing numbers and dwindling resources. ISBN 81-85419-08-6. LC 95-904823. 1994. xviii, 171 pp. Tata Energy Research Institute [TERI]: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This book consists of a collection of papers by various authors, most of which were presented at the Seminar on Population and Natural Resources held in New Delhi, September 31-October 1, 1993. "The book contains seven sections. It begins with insights of a few learned individuals into the problem of pressures of population on the environment. The next section takes a look at global demographic trends and changes, and their development and environmental implications. The third section deals with sector-specific issues, namely, the urban, housing, energy and transport sectors. The section on management issues addresses natural resource management, natural resource accounting, and the roles of technology and participatory development in resolving environmental conflicts. The fifth section is about quantifying the population-natural resources nexus. The last section presents varying perspectives on the twin problems of population explosion and natural resource depletion."
Correspondence: Tata Energy Research Institute, Darbari Seth Block, Habitat Place, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110 003, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10673 Liu, Changmao. An ecological analysis of the population in impoverished areas in China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1996. 151-61 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The fact that a third of the counties in China were impoverished counties in the mid-1980s was due both to historical and present reasons, including population and environment....The analysis of the relationships between the population and environment is the basic thread for studies on anti-poverty strategies....The population in the impoverished areas in China are faced with two major tasks: (1), restoring the damaged agricultural resources to achieve ecological equilibrium; (2), utilizing the mineral resources in a scientific fashion with minimized pollution in order to protect the environment. Whether these tasks can be accomplished during the same process depends on the population's attitude towards nature and corresponding behavior."
Correspondence: C. Liu, Hangzhou University, Institute of Population and Development, 34 Tian Mu Shan Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10674 Martine, George. Population and environment: lessons from the Latin American experience. [Población y medio ambiente: lecciones de la experiencia latinoamericana.] Notas de Población, No. 62, Dec 1995. 261-310 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
The relations between population and environment are examined with a focus on the unique situation in Latin America as compared with other developing countries. The limitations of the debate on population and environment are considered, with reference to biological alarmists and economic revisionists. Specific aspects of the Latin American situation are explored, including fertility trends, urbanization, and distinctions between rural and urban areas.
Correspondence: G. Martine, Harvard University, Center for Population and Development Studies, 9 Bow Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10675 Myers, Norman; Simon, Julian L. Scarcity or abundance? A debate on the environment. ISBN 0-393-03590-5. LC 93-27995. 1994. xix, 254 pp. W. W. Norton: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This book is a transcript of a debate that took place at Columbia University, New York, in October 1992, between Norman Myers, a leading environmentalist, and Julian Simon, a prominent skeptic on environmentalism. The topic of the debate is the future of the planet and whether conditions affecting the environment, natural resources, and the human condition are likely to get better or worse. The book consists of the pre-debate statements by both contributors, a transcript of the debate, and their post-debate statements.
Correspondence: W. W. Norton, 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10110. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:10676 Princen, Thomas. Toward a theory of restraint. Population and Environment, Vol. 18, No. 3, Jan 1997. 233-54 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Consumption largely remains a black box in the population, environment, and global change debates. The dominant perspective takes insatiability as axiomatic and assumes that reduced consumption will only happen through scarcity or the impositions of external authority. Yet humans often exhibit resource limiting behavior that is not the result of external controls nor is it altruistic or aberrant. This article develops the concept of restraint as an evolutionarily and culturally significant behavior, yet one that in modern times has been relegated to a regressive, if not trivial, status. The article defines restraint, hypothesizes its historical and evolutionary roots, lays out the conditions under which it can occur, and develops a theoretical parallel to cooperation in international relations theory."
Correspondence: T. Princen, University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and Environment, Dana Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1115. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10677 Willekens, F. J. Population policies for sustainable human development. Population Research Centre Working Paper, No. 1996-3, May 1996. 10 pp. University of Groningen, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, Population Research Centre: Groningen, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Sustainable human development involves both environmental security and social security. Issues of environmental security and access to natural resources cannot be isolated from social security and access to the human and financial resources required for social support. The paper addresses some of the causal mechanisms that underlie the observed interaction between population and environment....Current modelling perspectives on the population-environment interaction are reviewed briefly....The main thesis of the paper is that individuals [get involved] in activities and networking (relationships) to satisfy a hierarchy of needs."
Correspondence: University of Groningen, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, Population Research Centre, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, Netherlands. E-mail: PRC@FRW.RUG.NL. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation

Studies of employment and labor force statistics that are of demographic relevance. Includes studies of the labor force (employment status, occupation, and industry) and of the relations among employment, labor force participation, and population factors. Studies on the effect of female labor force participation on fertility are coded under F.1. General Fertility and cross-referenced here.

63:10678 Angrist, Joshua D.; Evans, William N. Children and their parents' labor supply: evidence from exogenous variation in family size. NBER Working Paper, No. 5778, Sep 1996. 43 pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"Although theoretical models of labor supply and the family are well developed, there are few credible estimates of key empirical relationships in the work-family nexus. This study uses a new instrumental variable, the sex composition of the first two births in families with at least two children, to estimate the effect of additional children on parents' labor supply [in the United States]. Instrumental variables estimates using the sex mix are substantial but smaller than the corresponding ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates. Moreover, unlike the OLS estimates, the female labor supply effects estimated using sex-mix instruments appear to be absent among more educated women and women with high-wage husbands. We also find that married women who have a third child reduce their labor supply by as much as women in the full sample, while there is no relationship between wives' child-bearing and husbands' labor supply."
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Author's E-mail: angrist@mit.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

63:10679 Bell, Brian D. The performance of immigrants in the United Kingdom: evidence from the GHS. Economic Journal, Vol. 107, No. 441, Mar 1997. 333-44 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper assesses the performance of immigrants in the U.K. labour market. After reviewing the changes in the source countries of immigration using data from the GHS [General Household Surveys] over the period 1973-92, we document the significantly higher level of schooling attained by immigrants relative to natives. This education gap has risen over successive cohorts primarily because of changes in the national origin of immigrants. Our analysis of relative wages shows that the main group of disadvantaged immigrants are blacks who have significant foreign work experience. However, there are strong assimilation effects for this group so that this disadvantage is reduced significantly as duration in the United Kingdom increases."
Correspondence: B. D. Bell, University of Oxford, Institute of Economics and Statistics, Nuffield College, St. Cross Building, Manor Road, Oxford OX1 3UL, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

63:10680 Chaleix, Mylène; Cason, Nathalie. 1990 population census. The economically active population at the place of work: results from the one-in-four sample. [Recensement de la population de 1990. Population active au lieu de travail: résultats du sondage au quart.] Démographie-Société, No. 53-54, ISBN 2-11-066508-4. Dec 1996. 288 pp. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of seven volumes presenting results from the 1990 census of France on specific topics. This volume contains data on the economically active population by place of employment rather than place of residence. Following a selection of retrospective data from previous censuses, data are presented for France as a whole and for its regions, departments, and urban areas with a population over 10,000. The results indicate a labor force of 22,270,000, of whom about 200,000 work in neighboring countries. There are significant geographic differences in employment patterns, with a growing concentration of jobs in the Ile-de-France region.
Correspondence: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10681 Chiswick, Barry R. The performance of immigrants in the United States labor market. In: Economic aspects of international migration, edited by Herbert Giersch. 1994. 95-114 pp. Springer-Verlag: New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
This chapter examines the performance of immigrants in the U.S. labor market, focusing on the adaptation and adjustment of immigrants to U.S. conditions. A basic model of the labor market adaptation of immigrants is first outlined and then applied to empirical data for the United States. The results suggest that immigrants generally experience a decline in occupational status at first, but that after about 15 years, the earnings of many immigrants come to equal and then exceed those of native-born individuals with the same measurable characteristics, presumably because of higher levels of immigrant ability and motivation.
Correspondence: B. R. Chiswick, University of Illinois, Department of Economics, 601 South Morgan Street, Chicago, IL 60607-7121. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:10682 Ekberg, Jan. Labour market career among young Finnish immigrants in Sweden: a longitudinal study. International Migration, Vol. 34, No. 3, 1996. 371-84 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The conditions for young immigrants in the Swedish labour market have been widely discussed in recent years. One hypothesis put forward is that young immigrants tend to remain in jobs with low wages, high risks of unemployment and bad working environments, and their mobility out of such jobs is low....Because composition of the immigrant group, through immigration and re-emigration, changes over time, the use of longitudinal studies is especially useful. However, only a few such studies have been conducted in Sweden, none of which gives special attention to the labour market careers of immigrant youth. The aim of this paper is to remedy this deficiency by using comprehensive longitudinal data for the period 1970 to 1990. Finnish-born youth were selected for study because they are the largest immigrant group in Sweden."
Correspondence: J. Ekberg, Växjö University, School of Management and Economics, 351 95 Växjö, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10683 Gesano, Giuseppe. Labor force activity and demographic behavior. [Attività di lavoro e comportamenti demografici.] In: Démographie: analyse et synthèse. Causes et conséquences des évolutions démographiques, edited by Graziella Caselli, Jacques Vallin, and Guillaume Wunsch. Aug 1996. 345-65 pp. Centre Français sur la Population et le Développement [CEPED]: Paris, France; Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Demografiche: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
The author examines the impact of labor force activity on demographic trends, first at the level of individuals and families, and then at the level of societies in general. He summarizes the main sources of data on the economically active population, presents some methods for analyzing such data, and discusses sex and age differences in patterns of economic activity. In the final section, the relation between economic activity and migration is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10684 Hytti, Helka. Active and retirement life expectancy in Finland. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 33, 1996. 207-17 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
"The main purpose of the study was to examine how retirement and active life time have changed in relation to the total life expectancy in the Finnish population over the period 1970-1993. The study also aimed at finding out how the ratio between pensioners and the active population will evolve, if the general aim of Finnish pension policy, to postpone retirement, is reached....The central finding was that the increase in life expectancy had almost exclusively lengthened the time spent in retirement. Active life expectancy at birth varied relatively little. Early retirement had increasingly concentrated in the population aged 55-64, while in the middle-aged population, those under 55, active years had increased more than total years of life. Prolonging active life expectancy at birth by one year per decennium from 1990 to 2020 would reduce the increase in the pensioner population by nearly one half compared with the growth projected on the basis of 1990 prevalence rates."
Correspondence: H. Hytti, Social Insurance Institution, Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10685 Kang, Su Dol. Typology and conditions of migrant workers in South Korea. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2-3, 1996. 265-79 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"After presenting the three major types of migrant workers currently in South Korea--professional employees, technical trainees and illegal workers--this article examines the role of contractors and other middle-men to expose the possibility of `intermediary exploitation'. The results of such exploitation are illustrated in the living and working conditions of foreign workers."
Correspondence: S. D. Kang, Korea Labor Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10686 Kintner, Hallie J.; Swanson, David A. Ties that bind: a case study of the link between employers, families, and health benefits. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 15, No. 5-6, Dec 1996. 509-26 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Most U.S. residents receive health benefits from their employer. Groups of employees and their families are therefore the basis for health care financing. Health care costs rose dramatically during the 1980s and employers looked for ways to control them. One approach is to control the size of the group provided health benefits by an employer. This paper uses a demographic perspective to explore the determinants of change in an employer's group....We use a decomposition technique based on matching individual records between consecutive years. We apply this technique to a case study of the health benefits group consisting of General Motors salaried employees and their families. We find that employers face limits to the control that they can exert over the size of the health benefits group associated with their active workforce. Demographic processes unrelated to employee turnover or transfers to layoff or retirement accounted for a large portion of the population change in the case study."
Correspondence: H. J. Kintner, General Motors Research Laboratories, Consumer and Operations Research Department, 30500 Mound Road, Warren, MI 48090-9055. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10687 Kossoudji, Sherrie A.; Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. Finding good opportunities within unauthorized markets: U.S. occupational mobility for male Latino workers. International Migration Review, Vol. 30, No. 4, Winter 1996. 901-24 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"Unauthorized workers, because of their lack of legal status, have constrained opportunities in U.S. labor markets. We examine the determinants of occupational mobility for a sample of unauthorized Latino men who received temporary residency status under the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA). Estimates from mobility equations (for both upward and downward occupational mobility) show that English language ability, experience, the risk of being apprehended on the job, a realized apprehension, migrant networks, and the wage penalty for unauthorized workers all play specific and significant roles in mobility when working in unauthorized labor markets."
Correspondence: S. A. Kossoudji, University of Michigan, School of Social Work, 4062C Frieze Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10688 Lakatos, Judit. Rejoining the labor market once child-care leave is over. [Visszatérés a munkaeropiacra a gyermekgondozási ido letelte után.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 74, No. 7, Jul 1996. 565-75 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
"The author of the study analyses, from the aspects of a particular group, the situation of [women in the labor force] in Hungary. In sample surveys carried out in the first quarter of 1993 and 1995, mothers on leave for child-care were interviewed about their intentions...to renew their gainful activities. Of some 25 thousand households 1,450 and 1,491 women on leave for child-care answered the questions in 1993 and 1995, respectively....The results indicate...that chances of women [rejoining] the labour market depend on the sector and regional location of their previous workplace, on their craft qualification etc."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10689 Larson, Donald; Mundlak, Yair. On the intersectoral migration of agricultural labor. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 45, No. 2, Jan 1997. 295-319 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The determinants of the migration away from agriculture to other sectors of the economy that have taken place as an integral part of the development process are explored. The data are taken from censuses and concern 98 countries around the world, covering the period from 1950 to 1990. The results confirm that the magnitude of the differences in average income determines the pace of off-farm migration.
Correspondence: D. Larson, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

63:10690 Liu, Xiao-Feng. A case study of the labour market status of recent mainland Chinese immigrants, metropolitan Toronto. International Migration, Vol. 34, No. 4, 1996. 583-607 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This article focuses on an analysis of the labour market status of recent MCIs [mainland Chinese immigrants to Canada], taking into account such factors as gender, educational attainment, language proficiency and period of arrival (or length of residence in Canada), and uses Metropolitan Toronto as a case study. The effect of each factor on MCIs' labour market status will be analysed separately, followed by two logit models examining the simultaneous effects of the factors and their relative importance."
Correspondence: X.-F. Liu, York University, Department of Geography, 4700 Keele Street, North York, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10691 Mier y Terán, Marta. The implications of Mexico's fertility decline for women's participation in the labour force. In: The fertility transition in Latin America, edited by José M. Guzmán, Susheela Singh, Germán Rodríguez, and Edith A. Pantelides. 1996. 323-42 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The relation between the fertility decline and female labor force participation in Mexico is analyzed using data from the 1976 Mexican Fertility Survey, the 1982 National Demographic Survey, and the 1987 National Fertility and Health Survey. "The study uses data from the survey tapes as well as secondary information from those surveys and from other sources. The organization of the material is as follows: [following an introduction,] in the [second] section, the characteristics of Mexico's fertility decline are presented. Changes in female labour-force participation are discussed in the third section. In the fourth part..., the possible effect of fertility decline on women's participation in Mexico's labor force is analysed, and the last section contains some final considerations."
Correspondence: M. Mier y Terán, Avenida de la Paz 6, San Angel, Mexico 01000, D.F., Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10692 Pasay, N. Haidy A. A model of induced migration impacts on labor productivity and economy. Journal of Population, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jun 1996. 1-19 pp. Depok, Indonesia. In Eng.
"This paper assumes symmetric labor market information between potential migrants and modern sector's employers. More productive investment is preferred in terms of productive employment expansion and growth, even if employers lack...labor market information, as do the potential migrants, or in the presence of disguised unemployment in agriculture. If the modern economy is engineered to narrowspread unemployment, the expansionary impact on marginal productivity of the modern sector and the economy of laborers becomes larger. In terms of the additional employment in the modern sector and the moving of less migrants out of agriculture, it is to the benefit of the potential migrants that the employers of the modern sector gain better access to the labor market information than the migrants themselves."
Correspondence: N. H. A. Pasay, University of Indonesia, Faculty of Economics, Demographic Institute, Gedung A, Lantai 2 and 3, Depok 16424, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10693 Reijo-Riskilä, Marie. Effects of family characteristics on the labor force status of older married women in Finland. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 33, 1996. 193-206 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
"Using individual-level characteristics derived from the census of 1985 or earlier, the article examines labor force status (employment, unemployment, household work, retirement) of married Finnish women aged 45-64 on the basis of multinomial logit analysis....Both higher family net income (excluding the income of the women concerned) and higher family liabilities were related to lower likelihoods of unemployment and retirement instead of employment. Household work was more likely with higher family income, but less likely with higher liabilities. A larger number of children living at home was related to the lower likelihood of women occupying non-employment statuses instead of employment. The spouses' increasing age difference was related to the lower likelihood of unemployment and retirement instead of employment. The husband's labor force status was consistent with the wife's labor force status."
Correspondence: M. Reijo-Riskilä, University of Helsinki, Department of Sociology, Population Research Unit, Hameentie 68B, 00550 Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10694 Rosenfeld, Rachel A. Women's work histories. In: Fertility in the United States: new patterns, new theories, edited by John B. Casterline, Ronald D. Lee, and Karen A. Foote. Population and Development Review, Vol. 22, Suppl., 1996. 199-222 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In this article, I focus on changes in the patterns of U.S. women's employment over the work life and the family life cycle, the compatibility of their jobs (or at least the correlation of job characteristics) with family responsibilities (especially care of young children), and the meaning of employment for women. For each topic, I describe some illustrative studies....U.S. women are increasingly likely to be employed at any particular time, and working-age cohorts spend more of their adult lives in the labor force than in earlier decades. Women have made some gains, as well, in their earnings and opportunities....At the same time, fertility has been at least stable in the last two decades...."
Correspondence: R. A. Rosenfeld, University of North Carolina, Department of Sociology, CB 3210, Hamilton Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3210. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10695 Sathar, Zeba; Desai, Sonalde. Work patterns in rural Pakistan: intersections between gender, family, and class. Population Council Research Division Working Paper, No. 90, 1996. 53 pp. Population Council, Research Division: New York, New York. In Eng.
"In this paper we argue that work patterns of men and women in rural Pakistan are deeply influenced by the nature of local labor markets....We investigate: the gender bias in definitions of labor force participation by men and women; the role of patriarchy in the way households elect to deploy the labor of their male and female members, and the additional influence of family composition on these decisions; and differences in the way men and women experience social class and economic opportunity structures."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1994 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10696 Soliman, Amal. Participation and hours of work of married females in Egypt. Egyptian Population and Family Planning Review, Vol. 25, No. 2, Dec 1991. 47-62 pp. Giza, Egypt. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to present estimates of labour supply functions: hours of work and participation using data on 3,882 married females living in Cairo drawn from the 1984 labour force sample survey (LFSS)....This study also provides information [on] the importance of fertility decisions on the participation decision."
Correspondence: A. Soliman, American University in Cairo, P.O. Box 2511, 113 Sharia Kasr El-Aini, Cairo, Egypt. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10697 Stankovic, Vladimir. Socio-professional self-reproduction of the economically active agricultural population of central Serbia and Vojvodina based on 1991 census data. [Socioprofesionalno samoobnavljanje aktivnog poljoprivrednog stanovnistva centralne Srbije i vojvodine prema podacima popisa stanovnistva 1991.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 34, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1996. 51-71 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"The 1991 census data for Central Serbia and Vojvodina show that, as in the beginning of the period under review, the population of agricultural origin, in terms of socio-professional orientation, most often tends to opt for `mining, industrial and related labour'....The excessive transfer of agricultural population to non-agricultural activities, above the real socio-economic requirements of the country, has provoked large disproportions in the age-sex composition of agricultural population in general, and agricultural labour force, in particular. Intensive ageing and feminization of [the] agricultural labour force, on the one hand, and the increase in `technological redundancies' of non-agricultural labour force, on the other, came as a result of the enormous outflow of [the] younger population from rural areas."
Correspondence: V. Stankovic, Republicki Zavod Za Statistiku Srbije, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10698 Thapa, Shyam; Chhetry, Devendra; Aryal, Ram H. Poverty, literacy and child labour in Nepal: a district-level analysis. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3, Sep 1996. 3-14 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"This article estimates the prevalence of child labour in the 75 districts of Nepal and then analyses the relationship of poverty and literacy on the prevalence of child labour, focusing particularly on gender differences. Results show that districts with a higher incidence of poverty are associated with a higher percentage of children working, and districts with a lower percentage of literates are associated with a significantly higher level of child labour. Female children are more strongly affected by the poverty situation than males. The analysis suggests that intervention programmes aimed at reducing child labour need to focus on both reducing poverty and increasing literacy."
Correspondence: S. Thapa, Family Health International, One Triangle Drive, P.O. Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.