Volume 63 - Number 1 - Spring 1997

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical up to World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

No citations in this issue.

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past. Relevant items are coded here and, if of more general interest than to historical demography alone, are cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

63:10583 Hammel, E. A.; Wachter, Kenneth W. Evaluating the Slavonian census of 1698. Part II: a microsimulation test and extension of the evidence. European Journal of Population/Revue Européenne de Démographie, Vol. 12, No. 4, Dec 1996. 295-326 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"An adjusted 17th [century] census [for Slavonia, in modern Croatia] based on critical reading of the historical text is the basis for indirect estimation of uncounted persons. The census states no ages and excludes many categories of household residents. Microsimulation based on historically and ethnographically plausible rates and household formation scenarios produces simulated households that match the observable portions of households in the adjusted census. Microsimulation results permit estimation of the uncounted population, of the kinship and age composition of households under extant frontier conditions, and the probable future composition of households as the frontier stabilized and land shortage began to exert pressure for greater density and household complexity."
For Part 1, also published in 1996, see 62:40536.
Correspondence: E. A. Hammel, University of California, Department of Demography, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. E-mail: gene@demog.berkeley.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10584 Rosental, Paul-André. Thirteen years of thinking: from population history to French historical demography (1945-1958). [Treize ans de réflexion: de l'histoire des populations à la démographie historique française (1945-1958).] Population, Vol. 51, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1996. 1,211-38 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Historical demography did not appear from out of nowhere. Before its success in 1958, Louis Henry was already working in a promising field, in which several models co-existed or competed with one another. During the early post-war years studies undertaken by historians, demographers, and geographers were based on various types of past censuses. The idea of reconstructing statistical series from data in parish registers only began to catch on and prevail during the nineteen-fifties. The intense debates centred on periodization provide an illustration of the way in which this idea evolved. They show that in spite of programmes which were often promising and logical, Louis Henry's technical rigour would not by itself have been sufficient to win historians over to his views: he was successful in imposing this method and thus gave an impulse to the development of historical demography, because he was able to include in his own projects, both problems defined by various protagonists as well as the opposing views of the historians."
Correspondence: P.-A. Rosental, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10585 Saito, Osamu. Historical demography: achievements and prospects. Population Studies, Vol. 50, No. 3, Nov 1996. 537-53 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Historical demography as a separate discipline came into existence when family reconstruction was first developed for the analysis of a pre-transition population. This paper assesses the significant achievements made in this field of population studies since then. Attention is also paid to equally significant findings obtained from aggregative analysis based on back projection, and to a large body of research results for the period of the demographic transition. In the last part of the paper, new research directions are discussed. Data issues as well as methodological ones are raised. Special attention is given to newly emerging Asian historical demography where different source materials require different methods and techniques, which in turn are expected to broaden the scope of the so far disproportionately fertility-oriented field. Finally, discussions are extended to economic, cultural and institutional aspects of the subject, with a plea not to isolate demographic analysis from other branches of historical research."
Correspondence: O. Saito, Hitotsubashi University, Institute of Economic Research, 2-1 Naka, Kunitachi-city, Tokyo 186, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.