Volume 62 - Number 4 - Winter 1996

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

62:40734 Schuler, Martin. The population census and regional statistics in Switzerland. [Volkszählung und Regionalstatistik in der Schweiz/Recensement de la population et statistique régionale en Suisse.] Forum Statisticum, No. 37, Jul 1996. 35 pp. Verband Schweizerischer Statistischer Ämter: Bern, Switzerland. In Fre; Ger.
This study describes the Swiss system of collecting demographic data at the regional level. It describes the relationship between this data gathering system and the system used by the Swiss census at the national level. Particular attention is given to factors, such as cost and confidentiality, that influence the Swiss authorities to look at surveys and population registers as alternative ways of collecting demographic data.
Correspondence: Verband Schweizerischer Statistischer Ämter, Office Fédéral de la Statistique, 3003 Bern, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

62:40735 Becker, Stan; Waheeb, Youssef; El-Deeb, Bothaina; Khallaf, Nagwa; Black, Robert. Estimating the completeness of under-5 death registration in Egypt. Demography, Vol. 33, No. 3, Aug 1996. 329-39 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"To evaluate the completeness of registration of infant and child deaths in Egypt, reinterviews were conducted with families who had reported a death of a child under age 5 in the five years before the survey for two national surveys recently conducted in Egypt....Overall 57% of infant deaths were reported as notified and 68% of those death reports were found; the corresponding figures for child deaths were 89% and 74%. Using the percentage reported as notified as an estimate for completeness of registration, we adjusted upward the national infant and child mortality rates from registration data....These values are approximately 20% above the corresponding direct estimates from the...surveys."
Correspondence: S. Becker, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of Population Dynamics, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205-2179. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40736 International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (Dhaka, Bangladesh). Demographic Surveillance System--Matlab. Volume twenty four: registration of demographic events--1993. ICDDR,B Scientific Report, No. 76, ISBN 984-551-055-8. May 1996. vii, 87 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
This report presents vital statistics data for 1993 for Matlab in Bangladesh, the region for which the Demographic Surveillance System has regularly collected data since 1963. The data are collected separately for a region with enhanced possibilities for family planning services and maternal and child health care and for a comparison area receiving normal government services. A special supplement is included that describes fertility trends by birth order, age at birth, and birth interval.
For a previous report for 1992, see 61:30781.
Correspondence: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, G.P.O. Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40737 Kélodjoué, Samuel. An attempt to use vital statistics and health data in the analysis of mortality in Yaoundé. [Essai d'utilisation des statistiques d'état civil et sanitaires dans l'analyse de la mortalité à Yaoundé.] Les Dossiers du CEPED, No. 43, ISBN 2-87762-095-6. Oct 1996. 43 pp. Centre Français sur la Population et le Développement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"This study attempts, through the processing and analysis of the death registers of civil registration and health centers of Yaoundé, the capital city of Cameroon, to evaluate, by comparing with the census, and by utilizing indirect methods, the quality of death registration, the level of mortality, and the causes of death in the city. In conclusion, the level of completeness remains quite low....The study suggests some possible ways to improve the completeness of vital statistics, so that death certificates could become a useful tool in the production of demographic and health statistics in Cameroon."
Correspondence: Centre Français sur la Population et le Développement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Médecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40738 Kemp, Thomas J. International vital records handbook. 3rd ed. ISBN 0-8063-1424-9. LC 94-77221. 1994. xi, 417 pp. Genealogical Publishing: Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
This work attempts to provide the information necessary to obtain vital records not only from U.S. states and trust territories, but also from most countries around the world. "Divided into two parts, this new 3rd edition...contains the latest forms and information for each of the fifty states and also furnishes details about records that were created prior to statewide vital records registration; then, in alphabetical sequence, it covers all the other countries of the world, giving, where available, their current forms and instructions; and since most non-English-speaking nations have neither a centralized vital records registration system nor application forms of any kind, this work provides as a substitute a list of national and provincial record repositories or key addresses of other institutions that might be of assistance."
Correspondence: Genealogical Publishing, 1001 North Calvert Street, Baltimore, MD 21202. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40739 McCaw-Binns, Affette M.; Fox, Kristin; Foster-Williams, Karen E.; Ashley, Deanna E.; Irons, Beryl. Registration of births, stillbirths and infant deaths in Jamaica. International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 25, No. 4, Aug 1996. 807-13 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The authors investigate "the level of registration of livebirths, stillbirths and infant deaths in Jamaica....Births, stillbirths and neonatal deaths identified during a cross-sectional study (1986), and infant deaths identified in six parishes (1993) were matched to vital registration documents filed with the Registrar General....While 94% of livebirths were registered by one year of age (1986), only 13% of stillbirths (1986) and 25% of infant deaths (1993) were registered. Post neonatal deaths were more likely to be registered than early neonatal deaths. Frequently the birth was not registered when the infant died. Birth registration rates were highest in parishes with high rates of hospital deliveries...where institutions notify the registrar of each birth. Hospital deaths, however, were less likely to be registered than community deaths as registrars are not automatically notified of these deaths."
Correspondence: A. M. McCaw-Binns, University of the West Indies, Department of Child Health, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

62:40740 Dale, Angela. Looking towards the 2001 census. OPCS Occasional Paper, No. 46, ISBN 1-85774-204-4. 1996. vii, 50 pp. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]: London, England. In Eng.
"The papers in this collection were presented at a conference organised jointly by the British Society for Population Studies, and the Social Statistics and Official Statistics Sections of the Royal Statistical Society. The aim of the conference was to focus on question wording and data collection issues in the 2001 Census, stimulated by a series of short contributions from invited speakers....The papers combined the perspective of the Census Office on the conduct of such a large-scale enterprise as the census, lessons that can be learnt from the 1991 Census, and a discussion of some of the issues highlighted by the Census Validation Survey. They also highlight views of experienced census users with an interest in a range of different topics."
Correspondence: Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40741 Greiner, Ulrich. First results of the microcensus, April 1995. [Erste Ergebnisse des Mikrozensus April 1995.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 5, May 1996. 304-12 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
Results from the April 1995 microcensus of Germany are presented, together with some comparative data for earlier years. Information is included on population growth, percentage of foreigners, labor force participation by age, sex, and educational status, unemployment, and source of livelihood. Comparisons are made between the former East and West Germany.
Correspondence: Statistisches Bundesamt, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 11, 6200 Wiesbaden 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

62:40742 Tas, R. F. J. Comparison of the results from the population registers on January 1, 1995, with those obtained from the continuous population system. [Confrontatie van de resultaten van de structuurtelling 1 januari 1995 met die verkregen langs administratieve weg.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 44, No. 10, Oct 1996. 10-23 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"According to the enumeration from the municipal population registers of 1 January 1995 the Netherlands numbered 371 persons more than calculated [using] the continuous population system. The number of non-Dutch nationals however was 18 thousand (2.3%) and the number of foreign born persons 10 thousand (0.7%) lower. The causes of these differences are not fully known. The census of the municipal population registers of 1 January 1995 has in particular adjusted the file of non-Dutch nationals based on the continuous population system."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40743 United Kingdom. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS] (London, England); United Kingdom. Scotland. General Register Office (Edinburgh, Scotland). 1991 census, general report, Great Britain. ISBN 0-11-691616-8. 1995. xviii, 177 pp. Her Majesty's Stationery Office: London, England. In Eng.
"The General Report is the official, and comprehensive, account of the planning and carrying out of the 1991 Census in Great Britain. It is essential reading for students of Census methods and data quality, and will also prove invaluable to many Census users. The report covers all aspects of the Census, including the extensive consultation with users, the new features in the 1991 Census, and a selection from the main Census results. It also contains an assessment of how well each part of the Census went, and outlines the programme of work for the next Census, which is being planned for 2001."
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40744 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). 1990 census of population and housing: history. No. 1990 CPH-R-2, 1993-1995. [492] pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This three-volume report "describes in detail most aspects of the 1990 [U.S.] census, from its early stages of research and planning through the tabulation, publication, and dissemination of the final results. While much of the detail has to do with the census process and procedures, and how problems were resolved, the history must go beyond `how' into `why,' and see the census in its place as part of our American social, economic, and political scene. Thus, this report discusses, where appropriate, some of the forces--litigation, legislation, perceived user needs, public perception, budgetary constraints, and the like--that shaped the 1990 census and its outcome."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40745 United States. Bureau of the Census. Decennial Management Division (Washington, D.C.). Solicitation of 2000 census content needs from non-Federal data users. Final report. Nov 1995. 14 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report summarizes responses from a survey carried out by the U.S. Census Bureau in preparation for the 2000 census concerning the content needs, geographic needs, and availability of alternative data sources for the non-federal data user community.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Decennial Management Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

62:40746 Boerma, J. Ties. Child survival in developing countries: can demographic and health surveys help to understand the determinants? ISBN 90-6832-099-8. 1996. 258 pp. Royal Tropical Institute: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Dut.
This thesis addresses two issues. "First, the question of data quality is explored, including results from an evaluation of the first 27 DHS surveys and from external validation of survey data. Problems associated with collecting data on childhood illnesses, causes of death, low birth-weight and child anthropometry are covered, among others. Second, do the data collected actually enhance our understanding? Here child spacing and maternal education...are the focus....The analyses indicate that DHS and other surveys are extremely useful as sources of data on child health indicators in developing countries. However, it is also clear that DHS and other surveys are not likely to further enhance our understanding of the determinants of child survival. It is therefore proposed to limit the health section of large scale sample surveys to a few indicators. Collecting data by using a short questionnaire could create opportunities for in-depth studies of subsamples and on specific topics...."
Correspondence: Royal Tropical Institute, 63 Mauritskade, 1092 AD Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40747 Buck, Nick; Gershuny, Jonathan; Rose, David; Scott, Jacqueline. Changing households: the BHPS 1990 to 1992. ISBN 1-85871-102-9. 1994. xiv, 319 pp. Economic and Social Research Council, Research Centre on Micro-social Change: Colchester, England. In Eng.
"This book presents the first findings from the British Household Panel Survey. The 10,000 members of the panel, randomly selected from throughout Great Britain, are interviewed annually about their work, income, health, attitudes, household living arrangements, housing and consumption." Results are presented from the first two years of the study on a range of topics. These include housing, income, employment, family and work, household finances, consumption, health, political beliefs, personal reflections, and household transitions.
Correspondence: ESRC Research Centre on Micro-social Change, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex C04 3SQ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40748 Centro Paraguayo de Estudios de Población [CEPEP] (Asunción, Paraguay); United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (Atlanta, Georgia); United States. Agency for International Development [USAID] (Washington, D.C.). National Survey of Demography and Reproductive Health, 1995-1996: preliminary information. [Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud Reproductiva, 1995-1996: informe preliminar.] Jun 1996. 26, [38] pp. Asunción, Paraguay. In Spa.
Preliminary results are presented from a survey carried out in Paraguay in 1995-1996. This is the third in a series of surveys carried out by CEPEP; it involved a nationally representative sample of 9,541 households and 6,472 women aged 15 to 49. Following a description of survey methodology, there are chapters on fertility, family planning, young adults, and maternal and child health.
Correspondence: Centro Paraguayo de Estudios de Población, Asunción, Paraguay. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40749 Marckwardt, Albert M.; Rutstein, Shea O. Accuracy of DHS-II demographic data: gains and losses in comparison with earlier surveys. DHS Working Paper, No. 19, Jun 1996. 22 pp. Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to examine the accuracy of two basic demographic measures, current fertility rates and current infant mortality rates, as measured in the second round of DHS surveys (DHS-II). The accuracy of these measures can be affected by such phenomena as distortion of women's ages at the boundaries of eligibility for the individual interview, respondents' knowledge of dates of vital events, and interviewers' motivations to either do a good job or to ease their interviewing loads. Improvements in questionnaire design and survey design can enhance the quality of data collected. Data from DHS-II countries are compared to data collected in the earlier WFS and DHS-I programs in an effort to measure any improvements in the probable accuracy of demographic measures, as well as to detect any problem areas where quality may have deteriorated, or not changed." The geographic focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40750 Population Council (New York, New York). Haiti 1994-95: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 27, No. 4, Jul-Aug 1996. 232-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1994-1995 Haiti Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 4,818 households and 5,356 women aged 15-49 and a subsample of 1,610 men aged 15-59. Tabular data are provided on population characteristics, fertility, current contraceptive use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, disease prevention and treatment, and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40751 Uganda. Statistics Department (Entebbe, Uganda); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, 1995. Aug 1996. xx, 299 pp. Entebbe, Uganda. In Eng.
"The 1995 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS) is a nationally-representative survey of 7,070 women age 15-49 and 1,996 men age 15-54. The UDHS was designed to provide information on levels and trends of fertility, family planning knowledge and use, infant and child mortality, and maternal and child health. Fieldwork for the UDHS took place from late-March to mid-August 1995. The survey was similar in scope and design to the 1988-89 UDHS. Survey data show that fertility levels may be declining, contraceptive use is increasing, and childhood mortality is declining; however, data also point to several remaining areas of challenge."
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, Suite 300, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40752 Verma, Vijay; Lê, Thanh. An analysis of sampling errors for the Demographic Health Surveys. International Statistical Review/Revue Internationale de Statistique, Vol. 64, No. 3, Dec 1996. 265-94 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"Sampling errors and design effects from 48 nationally representative surveys conducted under the Demographic and Health Surveys Program for a large number of variables concerning fertility, family planning, fertility intentions, child health and mortality etc. are analysed for the total sample, and for urban-rural domains, sub-national regions and various demographic and socio-economic subclasses....At the country level, overall design effect (the ratio of actual to simple random sampling standard error) averaged over all variables and countries is around 1.5. Variation among countries is high, but less so than among variables. Urban-rural and regional differentials in design effects are small, and can be attributed to the fact that similar sample designs and cluster sizes were used across those domains within each country. Design effects for estimates over other subclasses are smaller, and tend towards 1.0 for small subclasses and differences, apart from the effect of sample weights which tends to persist undiminished across variables and subclasses."
Correspondence: V. Verma, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex CO4 3SQ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

Copyright © 1996-1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.