Volume 62 - Number 4 - Winter 1996

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

62:40032 Bhutani, Smita. Demographic dynamism in India. ISBN 81-7141-269-6. 1995. [ix], 217 pp. Discovery Publishing House: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a general study of recent population trends in India based on census data; the focus is on the decade 1971 to 1981. There are chapters on changes in population distribution and density, population growth, migration, sex ratio, literacy, the labor force and industry, and urbanization. The study concludes with a review of the demographic situation in 1991 in light of data from the 1991 census.
Correspondence: Discovery Publishing House, 4594/9 Darya Ganj, New Delhi 110 002, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40033 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Population Research Institute (Beijing, China). Almanac of China's population, 1995. ISBN 7-80118-248-0. 1995. 497 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
This almanac presents a selection of recent articles on population in China. The documents are organized into 15 parts, including major statements on population issues, general population trends at the national and provincial levels, doctoral dissertations, special compilations, the census, population statistics, family planning, surveys, comparisons with other countries, population research, individuals, books and papers, newspapers and periodicals, chronicle of events, and international conferences.
For the 1994 edition, see 61:40057.
Correspondence: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Population Research, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40034 Cocks, Doug. People policy: Australia's population choices. ISBN 0-86840-247-8. 1996. xvii, 347 pp. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney, Australia. In Eng.
This book is intended as a contribution to the debate on population and immigration policy in Australia. It "contains a wide-ranging, multidisciplinary, informative review of the background to, studies on and approaches to population policy. It draws heavily on submissions to the House of Representatives' committee of inquiry into Australia's population (the Jones Inquiry), which the author served as a consultant....[The author] puts the case for stabilising Australia's population through powerful arguments drawn from environmental, ecological, economic, social and quality-of-life considerations, balancing his personal views by outlining the full range of cases to be made and choices facing the country." The book is intended for the general reader as well as for undergraduate students in demography and related studies.
Correspondence: University of New South Wales Press, Sydney 2052, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40035 Couet, Christine; Tamby, Irène. The demographic situation in 1993: population change. [La situation démographique en 1993: mouvement de la population.] INSEE Résultats: Démographie-Société, No. 49-50, ISBN 2-11-066430-4. May 1996. 264 pp. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of annual reviews of demographic trends in France. It notes that fertility has declined to its lowest level in 50 years, and that the number of deaths increased slightly, so that the natural increase of the population declined significantly. The total number of immigrants to the country also declined, so that the resulting increase in the population was around 250,000. The overall annual rate of population growth continues to decline, and is now down to 0.4%.
For a previous report for 1992, see 61:30020.
Correspondence: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 Boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40036 Duchesne, Louis. The demographic situation in Quebec, 1996 edition. [La situation démographique au Québec, édition 1996.] Statistiques Démographiques, ISBN 2-551-17128-8. Sep 1996. 262 pp. Bureau de la Statistique du Québec: Quebec, Canada. Distributed by Les Publications du Québec, 1 500-D boulevard Charest Ouest, Quebec, Quebec G1N 2E5, Canada. In Fre.
This is the latest in a series of reports describing the demographic situation in the province of Quebec. It is based on data from both provincial and national sources, the latest of which are for 1994. In addition to data on births, deaths, marriages, and migrations, the publication contains information on divorces, induced abortions, sterilizations, perinatal mortality, causes of death, infertility, births outside of marriage, immigrants' country of origin, and consensual unions. The data are presented at both the provincial and local levels, and in many cases 10-year retrospective data are included.
For a previous edition for 1995, see 62:10022.
Correspondence: Bureau de la Statistique du Québec, 200 Chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Quebec G1R 5T4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40037 Golini, Antonio. Demographic and political trends for the population. Third IRP report on the demographic situation in Italy. [Tendenze demografiche e politiche per la popolazione. Terzo rapporto IRP sulla situazione demografica italiana.] ISBN 88-15-04303-9. 1994. 376 pp. Il Mulino: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
Using data from the 1991 census of Italy and other sources of statistics for Europe, the demographic situation of Italy is analyzed and compared to that of other European countries. There are chapters by various authors on demographic tendencies and population policy, family policy, family planning, health and life expectancy, the aging of the population, spatial distribution, demographic trends and policies in the labor market, and immigration.
Correspondence: Il Mulino, Strada Maggiore 37, 40125 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40038 Hubert, Michel. Changing Germany: a history of the German population since 1815. [L'Allemagne en mutation: histoire de la population allemande depuis 1815.] ISBN 2-7246-0673-6. 1995. 520 pp. Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a history of demographic developments in Germany from 1815 to 1990. The first part analyzes the demographic transformation that occurred in the period up to 1870, examining natural increase, urbanization, and emigration separately. The next part deals with the imperial era from 1871 to 1914 and has chapters on the demographic transition, urban growth and internal migration, and international migration. The third part looks at the period from 1914 to 1990, which was dominated by two world wars and the creation in 1945 of two German states.
Correspondence: Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 27 rue Saint-Guillaume, 75341 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40039 K.C., Bal Kumar. Population and development in Nepal, Volume 4. Jun 1996. 155 pp. Tribhuvan University, Central Department of Population Studies [CDPS]: Katmandu, Nepal. In Eng.
This volume contains 11 papers on issues concerning population and development in Nepal. Topics covered include the relation between child loss and high fertility, estimates of infant and child mortality, general mortality levels and trends, contraceptive dynamics, family welfare, fertility data quality in the 1991 census, population and health status according to the 1991 census, demographic aging, ethnic demography, family planning concepts and issues, and sociocultural and demographic perspectives of women.
Correspondence: Tribhuvan University, Central Department of Population Studies, Kirtipur, P.O. Box 12161, Katmandu, Nepal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40040 K.C., Bal Kumar. Population and development in Nepal, Volume 5. Jul 1996. 168 pp. Tribhuvan University, Central Department of Population Studies [CDPS]: Katmandu, Nepal. In Eng.
This volume contains 10 papers on issues concerning population and development in Nepal. Topics covered include the determinants of infant mortality, migration to Katmandu, unmet needs for contraception, the effect of sex preference on family planning, evaluation of the progress of family planning, contraceptive innovation and diffusion, ethnic demographic characteristics, land resettlement and the environmental consequences, health and family planning service delivery, and the Nepalese population policy position taken at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo.
Correspondence: Tribhuvan University, Central Department of Population Studies, Kirtipur, P.O. Box 12161, Katmandu, Nepal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40041 Makannah, Toma J. Handbook of the population of Sierra Leone. 1996. xxvii, 405 pp. Toma Enterprises: Freetown, Sierra Leone. In Eng.
This book examines recent demographic trends in Sierra Leone up to the civil war that began in 1992. It consists of a selection of separate studies, many by the principal author and some by other contributors; several of these have been previously published. The first part examines demographic patterns and trends, including population dynamics, fertility, mortality, urbanization, and migration. The second part looks at the relations between demographic and economic factors, with chapters on fertility differentials, the determinants of infant and child mortality, internal migration, and the role of women in development. The third part describes the available sources of demographic data and the institutions working in population; it also includes a bibliography of studies on the population of the country.
Correspondence: Toma Enterprises, 1 MacDonald Street, Private Mail Box 57, Freetown, Sierra Leone. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40042 Taeuber, Cynthia M. Statistical handbook on women in America. 2nd ed. ISBN 1-57356-005-7. LC 96-1521. 1996. xxvi, 354 pp. Oryx Press: Phoenix, Arizona. In Eng.
This book presents a selection of statistical data on women in the United States. Data are from both official and nongovernmental sources. The four main sections concern demographic events and characteristics, employment and economic status, health characteristics, and social characteristics. The demographic section has data on population change and immigration, birth trends, birth expectations and childlessness, births to unmarried women, death and life expectancy, and causes of death.
Correspondence: Oryx Press, 4041 North Central at Indian School Road, Phoenix, AZ 85012-3397. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40043 Tarver, James D. The demography of Africa. ISBN 0-275-94885-4. LC 93-50729. 1996. xiv, 268 pp. Praeger: Westport, Connecticut. In Eng.
"This book assesses and analyzes past, current, and probable future population trends and patterns in Africa, along with their underlying structures and implications...." There are chapters on population growth, fertility, mortality, age and sex structure, urbanization, the rural population, internal migration, international migration, the economically active population, income and economic welfare, education, population projections, population policies, and the future of demography in Africa.
Correspondence: Praeger Publishers, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

62:40044 Academia Româna. Institutul National de Cercetari Economice. Centrul de Cercetari Demografice (Bucharest, Romania). The population of Romania: where now? [Populatia României: încotro?] Bibliotheca Demographica, No. 1, 1996. 38 pp. Bucharest, Romania. In Rum.
This monograph contains five short papers presented at a meeting on the population of Romania, held in Bucharest in December 1995. The papers examine present and future population prospects, mortality, internal migration, social and population policy, and the current state of demographic research in the country.
Correspondence: Centrul de Informare si Documentare Economica, Casuta Postala 54-29, Bucharest 54, Romania. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40045 Bhat, P. N. Mari. Priority areas in demographic research. Journal of Institute of Economic Research, Vol. 28, No. 1, Jan 1993. 1-10 pp. Dharwad, India. In Eng.
"This paper reviews...demographic development [in India] since the mid-1970s and highlights important data gaps in respect to (i) fertility and family planning (ii) mortality and morbidity along with priority areas for exploratory research. The paper notes that during the past two decades, [the] demographic data-base in India has improved considerably. Fertility levels have begun to fall in many places and mortality has continued its rapid downward course...."
Correspondence: P. N. M. Bhat, Population Research Centre, Vidyagiri, Dharwad 580 004, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40046 Courbage, Youssef. The Arabian Peninsula: demographic surprises. [Peninsule arabique: les surprises de la démographie.] Maghreb-Machrek, No. 144, Apr-Jun 1994. 3-25 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
A review of current demographic trends in the countries of the Arabian Peninsula is presented, based on a number of recent surveys of child health carried out in the early 1990s. Considerable diversity is noted among the countries examined in both demographic trends and levels of socioeconomic development. However, the status of women appears to be more advanced throughout the region than in most other Muslim countries, which could indicate that a reduction in fertility is probable. The author notes a general decline in oil revenues, accompanied by a decline in fertility, throughout the region.
Correspondence: Y. Courbage, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

62:40047 Ergöçmen, Banu; Hancioglu, Attila; Ünalan, Turgay. Trends in fertility, family planning, and childhood mortality in Turkey: findings from national demographic surveys and population censuses. Nov 1995. 27 pp. Ministry of Health, General Directorate of Mother and Child Health and Family Planning: Ankara, Turkey; Hacettepe University, Institute of Population Studies: Ankara, Turkey; Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
This report combines results from the 1993 Demographic and Health Survey undertaken in Turkey with results from previous demographic surveys and other sources of demographic data in order to present a comprehensive picture of recent trends in marriage patterns, fertility, family planning, and child mortality.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40048 Gorenflo, L. J. Regional demographic change in Chuuk State, Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Studies, Vol. 18, No. 3, Sep 1995. 47-118 pp. Laie, Hawaii. In Eng.
"The...study examines the demographic evolution of [the islands forming Chuuk State,] exploring changes in the number of inhabitants and their geographic distribution. First, the foreign presence in the eastern Carolines and the demographic impacts of these outsiders are briefly summarized. Shifts in the regional arrangement of population are then described, focusing on data from censuses conducted between 1920 and 1989. Data on fertility, mortality, and migration provide insights on possible causes of population change. The application of selected spatial statistics to the geographic arrangement of population indicates a high degree of consistency in the distribution of people and the persistence of geographic subregions over time."
Correspondence: L. J. Gorenflo, Argonne National Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20024-2168. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:40049 Graham, David T. Social and demographic patterns and trends in Northern Ireland: a multivariate approach. Irish Geography, Vol. 28, No. 1, 1995. 35-47 pp. Dublin, Ireland. In Eng.
"On a variety of social and demographic indicators, Northern Ireland displays considerable deviation from the United Kingdom norm. Within the province there is also considerable variation in terms of social and demographic structure. Using Population Census and vital registration data, this paper explores the trends in some key social and demographic indicators at District Council Area level for the years 1971, 1981 and 1991. For the most part, there has been a convergence in terms of social and demographic variables, as the DCAs approximate to the provincial norm. Nevertheless, distinct spatial patterns are evident and persistent. By means of principal components analysis, these geographies of social and demographic continuity and change are explored."
Correspondence: D. T. Graham, Nottingham Trent University, Department of International Studies, Burton Street, Nottingham NG1 4BU, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:40050 Guyer, Bernard; Strobino, Donna M.; Ventura, Stephanie J.; Singh, Gopal K. Annual summary of vital statistics--1994. Pediatrics, Vol. 96, No. 6, Dec 1995. 1,029-39 pp. Elk Grove Village, Illinois. In Eng.
"Recent trends in the vital statistics of the United States...continued in 1994, including decreases in the number of births, the birth rate, the age-adjusted death rate, and the infant mortality rate; life expectancy at birth continued to increase slightly, only marriages reversed the recent trend and increased slightly in 1994. The composition of births has become more racially and ethnically diverse in recent years, and population projections show that this trend will continue and will have a major effect on the diversity of the child population. In this article, we present the most recently available provisional vital statistical data for 1994 for the U.S. compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics. In addition, we present the final natality and provisional mortality data for 1993. New information on the changing composition of the U.S. population comes from the Census Bureau."
Correspondence: B. Guyer, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, 624 North Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40051 Hionidou, Violetta. The demographic system of a Mediterranean island: Mykonos, Greece 1859-1959. International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 1, No. 2, Dec 1995. 125-46 pp. Chichester, England. In Eng.
"This paper is an attempt to examine the demographic distinctiveness of island populations. The population of the Greek island of Mykonos in the period 1859 to 1959 is used. Using the results obtained from family reconstitution and inverse projection the inter-relations of the major demographic components are described. The pre-transitional demographic system of Mykonos was found to have been characterised by the combination of low mortality and low marital though moderately high overall fertility. The resulting high population growth was counterbalanced by high emigration which kept the island population almost constant. Mortality and fertility experienced parallel and rapid decline. In both pre- and transitional Mykonos fertility rather than mortality seems to have been the main factor responsible for the changes in population growth. The findings point to a demographic distinctiveness of Mediterranean island populations."
Correspondence: V. Hionidou, University of Liverpool, Department of Geography, P.O. Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40052 Jannuzzi, Paulo de M. Population growth and urbanization in Brazil in the 1980s. [Crecimiento de población y urbanización en Brasil en los años ochenta.] Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, Vol. 10, No. 2, May-Aug 1995. 413-29, 482 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"The population of Brazil has undergone important demographic changes in the last decades. These were ignored by those in charge of public policies. This article describes these changes--decrease in the annual volume of births, aging of the population, decrease in family size, and in the population growth of large cities, and [growth] of medium-sized cities in the countryside--and discusses their effects on the demand [for] public services."
Correspondence: P. de M. Jannuzzi, Fundação Sistema Estadual de Analise de Datos, Dirección Adjunta de Análisis Socioeconómico, Avenida Casper Libero 464, 3 Andar s/31, 01033 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40053 Lévy, Michel L. From one generation to the next. [D'une génération à la suivante.] Population et Sociétés, No. 316, Sep 1996. [1-3] pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Demographic indicators for France for 1993 are compared with those for 1966, with particular attention given to fertility, infant mortality, and births outside marriage.
Correspondence: M. L. Lévy, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40054 Martins, J. H. Global population growth and structural changes in the RSA population, 1951-2011. Research Report/Navorsingsverslag, No. 232, ISBN 0-947459-75-8. 1996. vii, 80 pp. University of South Africa, Bureau of Market Research: Pretoria, South Africa. In Eng.
"In this report, which consists of two chapters, world population growth and the influence of population growth on poverty and the environment is the focus in chapter 1. The second chapter of the report is concerned with structural changes in the South African population, beginning with an overview of figures on legal and illegal migration and AIDS. The rest of the chapter is based on projections of the population by population group...."
Correspondence: University of South Africa, Bureau of Market Research, P.O. Box 392, Pretoria 0003, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40055 Raoult, Eric; Codaccioni, Colette. Twenty-fourth report on the population situation in France. [Vingt-quatrième rapport sur la situation démographique de la France.] 1995. [v], 62 pp. Ministère chargé de l'Intégration et de la Lutte contre l'Exclusion: Paris, France; Ministère de la Solidarité entre les Générations: Paris, France. In Fre.
This report, one in an annual series of reports mandated by French law, reviews the current demographic situation of France. The first part concerns recent trends in the primary demographic indicators, including fertility, nuptiality, mortality, infant mortality, and population growth. The second part presents a more detailed analysis of mortality trends.
For the twenty-third report, see 61:20037.
Correspondence: Ministère chargé de l'Intégration et de la Lutte contre l'Exclusion, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:40056 Vishnevsky, Anatoly G. Family, fertility, and demographic dynamics in Russia: analysis and forecast. In: Russia's demographic "crisis", edited by Julie DaVanzo and Gwendolyn Farnsworth. 1996. 1-35 pp. RAND: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
Demographic trends in Russia over the course of the twentieth century are reviewed, with emphasis on the modernization of the family, fertility decline, and immigration. The author notes that changes affecting the family have undermined traditional family patterns and produced single-parent families and consensual unions. He also suggests that the current low level of fertility is similar to that experienced by other developed countries and that some of the problems associated with low fertility might be alleviated by the current large-scale immigration from other parts of the former Soviet Union. He concludes that these trends are not necessarily indicative of a demographic crisis; however, they are sometimes exploited for political purposes. Some comments by discussants are included (p. 35).
Correspondence: A. G. Vishnevsky, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Economic Forecasting, Center for Demography and Human Ecology, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1996-1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.