Volume 62 - Number 3 - Fall 1996

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

62:30001 Cromartie, Michael. The nine lives of population control. ISBN 0-8028-0879-4. LC 95-17413. 1995. ix, 178 pp. Ethics and Public Policy Center: Washington, D.C.; William B. Eerdmans Publishing: Grand Rapids, Michigan. In Eng.
This book is a product of a conference held in October 1993 under the title Is There a World Population Problem? A Challenge to the Conventional Wisdom. It consists of four papers and two related responses. An introductory piece identifies the issue of control as the heart of the controversy surrounding population issues. Next, there are debates on the merits and basis of population policies. This section deals with the role of family planning programs and discusses whether population growth is a benefit or a hindrance to the development process. The book concludes with an analysis of events at the September 1994 International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, and an essay on the meaning of the presence of children.
Correspondence: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 255 Jefferson Avenue SE, Grand Rapids, MI 49503. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30002 Kile, Michael. No room at Nature's mighty feast: reflections on the growth of humankind. ISBN 0-646-23550-8. 1995. ix, 454 pp. Demos Press: East Perth, Australia. In Eng.
The thesis of this book is that all major global problems are directly linked to the issue of population growth and that the rate of such growth will determine the fate of humankind in the twenty-first century. The author first traces the history of thought on population issues before and after Malthus, paying particular attention to Malthus's work. He then describes the rise of the modern concern with population issues and the switch from pronatalism in the early twentieth century to the growing international concern with rapid population growth after World War II. The relationship between population factors and issues such as the environment, resource availability, and global warming is considered. The author also describes how a series of international conferences has struggled with how to resolve problems of population growth in the context of efforts to achieve social and economic development. Finally, prospects for the twenty-first century are examined. The author concludes that "the extreme sensitivity of long-range population growth projections to small variations in average global fertility rates emerges as a relationship with momentous implications for the future of humankind."
Correspondence: Demos Press, P.O. Box 6703, East Perth, WA 6892, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30003 Leridon, Henri; Barbieri, Magali; Clermont, Pierre; Monnier, Alain; Munoz-Pérez, Franciso; Prioux, France; Véron, Jacques. Populations: current knowledge. France, Europe, and the world. [Populations: l'état des connaissances. La France, L'Europe, le monde.] ISBN 2-7071-2559-8. 1996. xvii, 334 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Editions La Découverte: Paris, France. In Fre.
This volume presents some 80 contributions by various authors on aspects of the current demographic situation worldwide. The first part examines population trends in France; it has sections on fertility and its regulation, mortality, families and lifestyles, family policies, immigration, and current and prospective changes. The second part looks at trends in Europe as a whole and covers approximately the same subject areas. The third part reviews global population trends; it has sections on population growth, fertility, mortality, population policy, migration, and current changes. The book concludes with a selection of statistical data.
Correspondence: Editions La Découverte, 9 bis rue Abel-Hovelacque, 75013 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30004 Markley, Oliver O.; McCuan, Walter R. 21st century earth: opposing viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints Series, ISBN 1-56510-414-5. LC 95-39051. 1996. 288 pp. Greenhaven Press: San Diego, California. In Eng.
This is a selection of opposing viewpoints on what is likely to happen in the twenty-first century with regard to some globally important issues. Most of the contributions have previously been published elsewhere. The first section of the monograph is particularly concerned with population issues. It discusses how population trends will affect humanity and conveys differing arguments about overpopulation, the gap between the rich and poor, and the relative importance of the young or the elderly as the dominant age group in society.
Correspondence: Greenhaven Press, P.O. Box 289009, San Diego, CA 92198-9009. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30005 Mathieu, Jean-Luc. The major problems of population. [Les grandes problèmes de population.] Que Sais-Je?, No. 2874, ISBN 2-13-046382-7. Jul 1994. 128 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This monograph provides a general introduction to a number of important issues concerning population. The first part focuses on global population questions. It discusses population trends and prospects, the concentration of population in urban areas, migration, and population policies. The second part analyzes issues of concern in developed countries, such as demographic aging and the demographic consequences of the development of the European Union. The third part examines topics of specific interest to France: population trends, the aged, immigration, and regional demographic imbalances.
Correspondence: Presses Universitaires de France, 108 boulevard Saint-Germain, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30006 Soutullo, Daniel. The global population explosion. [La explosión demográfica mundial.] Serie Alfa, ISBN 84-88119-27-5. LC 95-181597. [1994]. 123 pp. Talasa Ediciones: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a general study on the growth of the world's population, its causes and its consequences. The author discusses the following questions: Is the world overpopulated? Do people need to limit their fertility? Can the projected population be fed over the next 50 years? Is rapid population growth a primary cause of third-world poverty? What are the environmental implications of population growth? Will the Cairo conference yield any solutions to population problems? What are population policies and where and how should they be implemented?
Correspondence: Talasa Ediciones, c/ Hileras 8, 1o der., 28013 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30007 United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Population Division (New York, New York). World population monitoring 1993, with a special report on refugees. No. ST/ESA/SER.A/139, Pub. Order No. E.95.XIII.8. ISBN 92-1-151279-4. 1996. xii, 238 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is the eighth in a series of reports that monitor global population trends and policies. "The present report consists of three main parts. Following a very brief overview, part one presents a special report on refugees. Part two...presents the results of the monitoring of population trends and policies in population growth and structure, fertility, mortality, population distribution and international migration. In part three, the role of population in relation to the environment is summarized."
For a previous report in this series, published in 1992, see 58:30071.
Correspondence: UN Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Population Division, Room DC2-1950, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

62:30008 Amalric, Franck; Banuri, Tariq. Population: malady or symptom? Third World Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 4, Dec 1994. 691-706 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"The first draft of the ICPD [International Conference on Population and Development] plan of action, as well as the proceedings of the preparatory committees, suggested that Cairo would witness the first international consensus around the view that population growth is a major impediment to sustainable development....It seems...useful to analyse the basis of what we shall call the ICPD consensus, which is the purpose of this paper. The analysis relies on the literature on the causes and consequences of population growth at the local, national and international levels. By relating it with the literature on the causes of environmental degradation and on development, we suggest that it can be divided into two broad divisions. The first, a branch of modernisation theory, asserts that population growth is a problem at all levels of aggregation....The second perspective, by contrast, emphasises the existence of a conflict rather than that of a consensus."
Correspondence: F. Amalric, Harvard University, One Eliot Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

62:30009 Lévy, Michel L. Demographers' lost opportunities. [Les occasions manquées des démographes.] Vingtième Siècle, No. 51, Jul-Sep 1996. 129-39 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author uses the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the French National Institute of Demographic Studies (INED) to examine the contribution of demographers, and particularly of French demographers, to resolving the world's problems. The issues discussed range from problems of population growth in developing countries to problems of employment and social security in the developed world.
Correspondence: M. L. Lévy, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

62:30010 Bharadwaj, Lakshmi K. Theories of demographic change. In: Demographic and structural change: the effects of the 1980s on American society, edited by Dennis L. Peck and J. Selwyn Hollingsworth. 1996. 1-17 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut. In Eng.
The author compares and evaluates various theories of demographic change. Approaches considered include the population-resource crisis, the neo-Malthusian approach, the demographic transition theory, and the human ecological (expansionist) approach.
Correspondence: L. K. Bharadwaj, University of Wisconsin, Department of Sociology, Milwaukee, WI 53201. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30011 Bhattacharyya, A. K. A note on Keyfitz's theorem on the mixture of population. Janasamkhya, Vol. 11, No. 1, Jun 1993. 63-5 pp. Kariavattom, India. In Eng.
"Keyfitz showed [that] if there are n sub groups of a population having constant exponential growth rate then the overall growth rate has positive derivative and hence it will go on increasing. But in this note we show that if the exponential growth rate is taken to be varying over time then the overall growth rate will not necessarily be increasing."
Correspondence: A. K. Bhattacharyya, Indian Statistical Institute, Population Studies Unit, 203 Barrackpore Trunk Road, Calcutta 700 035, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30012 Burch, Thomas K. Icons, straw men and precision: reflections on demographic theories of fertility decline. Sociological Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 1, Winter 1996. 59-81 pp. Berkeley, California. In Eng.
"Despite the passage of half a century since `demographic transition theory' first appeared in English-language demographic literature, many would agree that relatively little progress has been made toward refinement and testing of leading theoretical ideas, or towards theoretical consensus. There has rather been a proliferation of untested theories, partially overlapping and often associated with one individual, discipline, or school of thought. It is argued here that lack of clarity, precision and rigor in the statement, criticism, and use of theories of fertility decline is a major cause of the lack of theoretical progress. The greater use of tools for the computer modeling of complex dynamic systems is seen as a partial remedy. Emphasis is on the use of computer modeling (simulation) as a theoretical tool."
Correspondence: T. K. Burch, University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:30013 Greenhalgh, Susan. The social construction of population science: an intellectual, institutional, and political history of twentieth-century demography. Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 38, No. 1, Jan 1996. 26-66 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"In this essay I outline a social constructionist approach to knowledge production in twentieth-century demography. This approach starts with the proposition that nothing in the nature of its subject made it inevitable that demography would develop as a highly mathematical field weak on social theory....The trajectory of demography, I will show, was a historical product forged by particular groups of social actors operating in historically specific political economic contexts. In elaborating this view I focus primarily on the practices of American demographers, the largest and most influential contingent of population specialists in the world. I concentrate on the group of demographers studying fertility."
Correspondence: S. Greenhalgh, University of California, Irvine, CA 92717. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:30014 Manfredi, Piero. Some unknown episodes in the history of population dynamics concerning the logistic law: the lesson of the great epidemiologists. Polish Population Review, No. 7, 1995. 41-52 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author discusses the work of "the two great epidemiologists R. Ross and A. G. McKendrick. This talk is basically devoted to their `lesson' about logistic theory and it is organised as follows: section 2 is devoted to McKendrick's [1911] contribution to the growth of microorganism populations, a paper which was not widely acclaimed, but which marks the first experimental laboratory verification of the logistic law. Section 3 is also devoted to McKendrick and to the way he repeatedly derived the logistic equation as a model for `simple epidemics'. Finally, in section 4, we present Ross's `A priori pathometry' theory that really emphasizes...the role played by the logistic law as the `first principle' of the mathematical epidemiology."
Correspondence: P. Manfredi, Università degli Studi di Pisa, Lugarno Pacinotti 45, 56100 Pisa, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30015 Micheli, Giuseppe A. Alternative approaches to fertility transition. Polish Population Review, No. 7, 1995. 9-27 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
"Using anomalies of the Italian case as the basis, the aim of this article is to verify how the theoretical framework [of demographic transition] put forward by Lesthaeghe can be interpreted....While the changes in mores in the Italy of the economic boom were a component of the large-scale processes of secularization, rationalization and modernization specific to the [first demographic transition], the practices, values and models of the collective imagination characterizing the second phase of Lesthaeghe's [second demographic transition] are marked by a state of mind that cannot be put down to the `spirit of the age' during the years of large-scale modernization, but to the emancipatory and `rational' falling away of many of the barriers to the unfolding of individual life destiny over and above that based on class, gender and age."
Correspondence: G. A. Micheli, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli 1, 20123 Milan, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30016 Sen, Amartya. Population and reasoned agency: food, fertility, and economic development. In: Population, economic development, and the environment, edited by Kerstin Lindahl-Kiessling and Hans Landberg. 1994. 51-78 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author compares the views of Malthus and Condorcet on population growth and population problems: "Where exactly did they differ? I shall focus on three contrasts here--relevant to the population-development-environment debate (though there were also other differences between the two). (1) How close are we to the limits?... (2) Is food the main problem?... (3) Can a rational social policy be voluntary?"
Correspondence: A. Sen, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

62:30017 Schmertmann, Carl P.; Amankwaa, Adansi A.; Long, Robert D. Three strikes and you're out: demographic analysis of mandatory prison sentencing. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. 95-129, [1996]. 26, [13] pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
"Many [U.S.] state governments are currently considering versions of `Three Strikes and You're Out' (3SYO) laws that would mandate life sentences in prison for three-time felons. In this paper we investigate the demographic effects of mandatory sentencing policies on the size and age structure of state prison populations, with special emphasis on 3SYO. Our primary goal is to improve the quality of information available to policy makers about the costs of mandatory sentencing. In doing so we also hope to illustrate the general relevance of demographic methods for other social sciences."
Correspondence: Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, 659-C Bellamy Building, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

62:30018 Arafat, Ibtihaj S.; Allen, Donald E. Thinking about population: an introduction to modern demography. Reynolds Series in Sociology, ISBN 1-882289-28-5. LC 94-78415. 1995. xviii, 377 pp. General Hall: Dix Hills, New York. In Eng.
"The present text offers a comprehensive outline of demography as a science, with special emphasis on sociological components....The book is divided into three parts. In Part I we examine the history of demographic thought and its emergence as a scientific discipline....Part II discusses the three main components of demographic studies: mortality, fertility, and migration. This part offers basic descriptions of the major tools and devices employed by demographers, such as the life table, the population pyramid, and the various rates that are computed, along with descriptions of what these can tell us. Part III examines population growth and processes. It describes the population debates that have been raging for years....[It] also examines the world population picture today, of which the most salient feature is the enormous population growth in the past century. Finally, it examines the ways in which population problems influence public policy on abortion and birth control, pro- and antinatalist programs, and calls for the restriction of immigration, ethnic politics, and medical research."
Correspondence: General Hall, 5 Talon Way, Dix Hills, NY 11746. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30019 Arriaga, Eduardo E.; Johnson, Peter D.; Jamison, Ellen. Population analysis with microcomputers. Nov 1994. xiii, 379; 406 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C.; U.S. Agency for International Development [USAID]: Washington, D.C.; United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]: New York, New York. In Eng.
This two-volume manual is an introductory textbook on undertaking demographic analysis in developing countries. It is intended for situations in which adequate vital statistics data are not available. "The manual has two volumes. Volume I includes the technical and theoretical aspects about how to analyze the population information. At the beginning of each chapter an overview of the contents is presented. A reference table indicates the methods and software that can be used according to the available information. Volume II presents the documentation of the Population Analysis Spreadsheets and population projection program. The spreadsheets are presented in alphabetical order." The population analysis spreadsheets are provided on a floppy disk.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:30020 Trovato, Frank; Grindstaff, Carl F. Perspectives on Canada's population: an introduction to concepts and issues. ISBN 0-19-540960-4. 1994. viii, 438 pp. Oxford University Press: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
This textbook, intended primarily for students in undergraduate courses in population, "brings together 28 papers examining major issues and trends in Canadian demography. Beginning with a historical survey of population growth in Canada and around the world, Part 1 draws attention to the interplay of demographic and social changes. The remaining sections focus on issues in six specific areas: the age and sex composition of Canadian society, mortality, fertility, family formation and dissolution, population movement (both international and internal), and, finally, urbanization and population ecology. In their introduction to each section, the editors provide an overview of the readings to follow, outlining central issues, themes, and concepts, as well as a guide to the basic techniques of population analysis used in each case."
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, 70 Wynford Drive, Don Mills, Ontario M3C 1J9, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1996-1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.