Volume 61 - Number 3 - Fall 1995

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

61:30583 Abe-Nagata, Kozue K. Demographic overview of the ageing situation in the ESCWA region and its developmental implications. Population Bulletin of ESCWA, No. 41-42, 1993-1994. 153-75 pp. Amman, Jordan. In Eng.
"The study is based on a statistical compilation carried out by the author using the United Nations World Population Prospects 1990 and its 1992 revision, in addition to the United Nations ESCWA demographic estimation on the ageing situation in the ESCWA region. It provides demographic projections through the year 2025, and covers future economic implications of the ageing situation, as well as existing policies regarding ageing in selected countries."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30584 Cheng, C. Z.; Wu, Qianjin. Population aging in China: the demographic implications. China Report, Vol. 30, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1994. 29-51 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This study focuses on demographic concerns besides dealing with a cross-section of issues in China. Demographic changes of the elderly will be analysed over time and space. This paper sheds some light on the trend of population aging in China because a thorough understanding of the aging experience is essential for planning and policy making for an aging society....This study is based on data from the 1953, 1964, 1982 and 1990 national population censuses as well as the 1987 One-per-Hundred Population Sampling Survey Data."
Correspondence: C. Z. Cheng, University of Hong Kong, Centre of Asian Studies, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30585 Crothers, Charles. The New Zealand age-sex structure, 1981-1991. New Zealand Population Review, Vol. 20, No. 1-2, May-Nov 1994. 133-49 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
"A decade ago I published an account of the New Zealand age-sex structure for 1981....This research note furthers this longer-term project by updating the data for the 1986 and 1991 censuses, and by beginning to examine the cumulative demographic experiences of the several cohorts over time."
Correspondence: C. Crothers, University of Auckland, Department of Sociology, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30586 Gui, Shixun. A survey report on the life cycle of the Chinese elderly. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1995. 45-54 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In August 1992...the Chinese-Japanese Survey Group on the Life Cycle of the Elderly conducted a sample survey on the life experience and status quo of the elderly in Zhejiang Province and the City of Shanghai, which covered 1,583 urban and rural elderly at or above the age of 60....[The aim was to] not only help change the attitudes towards reproduction among women at child-bearing age, but also contribute to a well-drafted development program for the elderly care system in China so as to prepare the country for the situation after the 2020s when the parents of only children become senior citizens."
Correspondence: S. Gui, East China Normal University, Institute of Population Research, Shanghai 220062, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30587 Hugo, Graeme. Future directions in aged care in Indonesia. ISBN 0-7308-0069-5. 1994. xiii, 119, [20] pp. University of Adelaide, Department of Geography: Adelaide, Australia. Distributed by Commissioner for Ageing, P.O. Box 70, Rundle Mall, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia. In Eng. with sum. in Ind.
These are the proceedings of a seminar on caring for the aged in Indonesia, held in Jakarta in July 1994. Included are papers on the characteristics of demographic aging in Indonesia by M. Djuhari Wirakartakusumah and Evi N. Anwar, and a comparative study of demographic aging in Indonesia and Australia.
Correspondence: University of Adelaide, Department of Geography, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30588 James, W. H. What stabilizes the sex ratio? Annals of Human Genetics, Vol. 59, No. 2, Apr 1995. 243-9 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"It is suggested that the human sex ratio at birth is stabilized only to a minor extent by the direct processes of natural selection. Instead the major factors stabilizing sex ratio seem to be behavioural (coital rates) and psychological (parental perceptions of adult sex ratios). It is suggested that parental hormone levels are (a) a consequence of perceived adult sex ratios, and (b) a cause of sex ratio in the next generation, thus providing the basis for a negative feedback process stabilizing the sex ratio."
Correspondence: W. H. James, University College London, Galton Laboratory, Wolfson House, 4 Stephenson Way, London NW1 2HE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

61:30589 Kertzer, David I.; Laslett, Peter. Aging in the past: demography, society, and old age. Studies in Demography, No. 7, ISBN 0-520-08465-9. LC 93-33288. 1995. xiv, 408 pp. University of California Press: Berkeley, California/London, England. In Eng.
This book is a product of a conference on the historical demography of aging held at Bowdoin College, Breckenridge Public Affairs Center, in York, Maine, in the spring of 1990. "Our interest was in the interaction between demographic events and processes, on the one hand, and both societal age norms and individual-level behavior involving older people, on the other. While the emphasis was on demographic forces, these were examined in interaction with other relevant influences: economic, political, social, and cultural. The focus was on the West, both Europe and North America." The 13 papers are divided into five substantive parts, which, apart from the introduction and conclusion, concern living arrangements, widowhood, and retirement and mortality.
Correspondence: University of California Press, 2120 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30590 Kovar, Jiri; Rihanek, Zdenek. Typology of age structures in the Czech Republic. [Typologie vekovych struktur v Ceske republice.] Demografie, Vol. 37, No. 2, 1995. 102-12 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The authors evaluate the age structure of the Czech Republic. "The basis of the evaluation rests in numbers of population of productive age while the participation of the pre- and post-productive population has been expressed in relation to it....This approach has been applied [to] the preliminary results of the 1991 population census for the Czech Republic, its regions, districts, hinterland centres of district and local importance as well as for the communities."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30591 Legare, Jacques; Myers, George C.; Tabah, Leon. Synthesis of national monographs on population ageing. ISBN 92-9103-027-9. 1993. 57 pp. International Institute on Aging [INIA]: Valletta, Malta; Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography [CICRED]: Paris, France. In Eng.
This report presents a synthesis of a series of country monographs on the demographic and socioeconomic aspects of population aging. The report is divided into three main sections, which deal with the demographic, health, and socioeconomic aspects of the aging process, respectively. The geographical scope is world wide. The 20 country reports on which it is based concern both developed and developing countries.
Correspondence: International Institute on Aging, 117 St. Paul Street, Valletta VLT 07, Malta. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30592 Morocco. Direction de la Statistique. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques [CERED] (Rabat, Morocco). The sociodemographic characteristics of the elderly population. [Caracteristiques socio-demographiques de la population agee.] Mar 1995. 41 pp. Rabat, Morocco. In Fre.
This report examines the situation of the elderly population living in urban areas of Morocco. Data are from a variety of sources, including the 1982 census. The characteristics of the population examined include health status, literacy and economic activity, social security, and housing. It is noted that the relative size of the elderly urban population will increase significantly in the coming decade.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques, B.P. 178, Rue Mohamed Belhassan, El Ouazzani-Haut Agdal, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30593 Penev, Goran. Population of FR Yugoslavia by age and sex. Yugoslav Survey, Vol. 35, No. 2, 1994. 3-30 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Eng.
Changes in the age and sex distribution of what is now Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) are analyzed over the period from 1921 to 1991 using census data.
Correspondence: G. Penev, Institute of Social Sciences, Demographic Research Center, Svetog Save 22a, 11000 Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30594 Seidl, Christian. The desire for a son is the father of many daughters: a sex ratio paradox. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 8, No. 2, May 1995. 185-203 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper investigates the impact of preferences for male offspring to female offspring upon the sex ratio of the population. Asymmetric procreation behaviour of this kind is modelled by assuming that a female's procreation ceases only after at least one son or n daughters are born. It is shown that such asymmetric procreation behaviour has no effect on the sex ratio of the society, but influences rather the growth rate of the population. Finally, problems concerning the interrelationship between the sex ratio, the pattern of procreation, and the marriage regime in stationary populations are investigated."
Correspondence: C. Seidl, Universitat Kiel, Institut fur Finanzwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, Olshausenstrasse 40, 24098 Kiel, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30595 Sen, Kasturi. Ageing: debates on demographic transition and social policy. ISBN 1-85649-259-1. LC 94-41477. 1994. xi, 143 pp. Zed Books: Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey/London, England. In Eng.
This review of the literature on demographic aging focuses on the social and health consequences of this population development. "The book explores the complex dimensions of [this] demographic transition, including the health needs of older people, the incidence of poverty and the effects of economic dependence, the urban-rural comparisons, gender differences, and positive approaches to ageing. It examines the societal implications of an expanding ageing population, North and South, and priority areas for research and development. [It]...also includes an annotated review of the journal and monographic literature on the subject...."
Correspondence: Zed Books, 7 Cynthia Street, London N1 9JF, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30596 Treas, Judith. Older Americans in the 1990s and beyond. Population Bulletin, Vol. 50, No. 2, May 1995. 46 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author "traces the increased numbers and changing age and ethnic composition of the elderly as the U.S. population has grown and life expectancy has lengthened. It presents recent figures on the marital status, living arrangements, education, economic status, and other characteristics of the U.S. elderly, and grapples with the difficult issues of the care and well-being of growing numbers of the oldest old (age 85 and above) who are most likely to need long-term care."
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30597 United States. Department of Health and Human Services. Task Force on Aging Research (Washington, D.C.). The threshold of discovery: future directions for research on aging. Administrative Document, Apr 1995. iv, 360 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report is from the Task Force on Aging Research, set up by the U.S. Congress in 1990 "to assess progress in the scientific understanding of aging, to advise where the search for these answers should be concentrated, and to make recommendations for allocation of resources in the support of research." The issues considered include social, economic, and demographic research on aging.
Correspondence: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Task Force on Aging Research, Washington, D.C. 20201. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30598 Vatter, Robert H. Taking stock of America's youth. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 76, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1995. 2-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author outlines characteristics of U.S. youth aged 14-24. Aspects considered include baby boom echo effects, growing diversity, educational considerations, labor force participation, household formation, and income and consumption patterns.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30599 Yan, Zihui. New characteristics of population in China at the cross-century period. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1995. 89-100 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In the 21 years since China launched its family planning program nationwide, the Chinese population characteristics have gone through profound changes. Timely understanding of the new characteristics and their influences on population reproduction is of significant theoretical and practical importance for population changes in China as we enter into the 21st century. This article offers a comprehensive analysis of this process of change." Particular attention is given to demographic aging and its consequences.
Correspondence: Z. Yan, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

61:30600 Barnes-Josiah, Debora; Augustin, Antoine. Secular trend in the age at menarche in Haiti. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1995. 357-62 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Trends in age at menarche of 10,563 pregnant Haitian women enrolled in a longitudinal study of maternal mortality are examined. Mean recalled age at menarche for adult women in the sample was 15.37 years. However, there was a clear decline in mean menarcheal ages from the oldest to the youngest women, with a mean rate of decline for adult women of 0.36 years per decade....The data suggests a secular decline in age at menarche in Haiti, as well as a continuing disparity between metropolitan and rural women."
Correspondence: D. Barnes-Josiah, University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454-1015. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30601 Libanova, E. M. The average life span of the population (results from a large-scale regional survey). [Prodolzhitel'nost' zhizni naseleniya (opyt kompleksnogo regional'nogo issledovaniya).] ISBN 5-12-002177-8. 1991. 198 pp. Naukova Dumka: Kiev, Ukraine. In Rus.
Changes in life expectancy, the factors affecting it, and the impact these changes are having on the Ukraine's socioeconomic development are analyzed. The author examines the impact on housing needs and food requirements, as well as on the size and characteristics of the labor force.
Correspondence: Naukova Dumka, ul. Repina 3, 252601 Kiev, Ukraine. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30602 Marmot, Michael G. Social differentials in health within and between populations. Daedalus, Vol. 123, No. 4, Fall 1994. 197-216 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The author discusses socioeconomic differentials in the improvement of life expectancy. "Among industrialized countries, there is marked divergence in life expectancy. And even within industrialized countries there are substantial variations in life expectancy and other measures of health status."
Correspondence: M. G. Marmot, University College and Middlesex School of Medicine, University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 66-72 Gower Street, London WC1E 6EA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30603 Rehan, N. Characteristics of the menarche in Hausa girls in Nigeria. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vol. 14, No. 4, 1994. 265-8 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
Age at menarche in Nigeria is examined using data on 5,736 Hausa girls in the north of the country. Mean age at menarche in this population was 13 years and 5 months. Comparisons are made with other major ethnic groups in the country, and the impact of place of residence, family size, and social class on age at menarche assessed.
Correspondence: N. Rehan, 440 Sector G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30604 Shigematsu, Takao; Nanjo, Zenji; Yoshinaga, Kazuhiko; Inoue, Toshitaka. Factors contributing to the improvement and predominance of the longevity of the Japanese population. NUPRI Research Paper Series, No. 65, Aug 1994. v, 29 pp. Nihon University, Population Research Institute: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"This paper aims at analyzing the relationship between the increase in life expectancy and the mortality changes by age and selected causes of death and at discussing the factors relevant to them in the light of medicosocial developments. Also, a comparative analysis is conducted of Japanese and selected European life expectancies and main causes of death with an eye to examine the elements that had contributed to the Japanese preponderance in life expectancy at birth around the year when it surged ahead of the European level as well as in recent years for which data are available."
Correspondence: Nihon University, Population Research Institute, 3-2 Misaki-cho, 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30605 Topo, Paivi; Hemminki, Elina. Is menopause withering away? Journal of Biosocial Science, Vol. 27, No. 3, Jul 1995. 267-76 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"Menopause (cessation of menstruation) and the period surrounding it (climacterium) are often defined retrospectively by asking a woman the date of her last menstrual period (LMP). Based on a survey of 2,000 women aged 45-64 in 1989 in Finland, this study examines (1) the relation between these definitions and women's own definitions of their climacteric status and of the cessation of menstruation and (2) the effect of menopausal and postmenopausal hormone therapy and hysterectomy on the definition of menopause and climacterium....Current hormone use and hysterectomy had little effect on reported final cessation of menstrual periods. It is concluded that hysterectomy and hormone therapy shape women's thinking about the end of reproductive life, blur the concepts of menopause and postmenopause and confuse the measurement of age at menopause."
Correspondence: P. Topo, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health, Health Research Unit, Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

61:30606 Alperovich, Gershon. The relationship between income inequality and city size: a general equilibrium model of an open system of cities approach. Urban Studies, Vol. 32, No. 6, Jun 1995. 853-62 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
The relationship between city size and income inequalities is explored using a general equilibrium model. "An outstanding conclusion emerging from the analysis is that economic theory does not constrain the relation to any specific shape. As far as theoretical reasoning is concerned city size can exert positive or negative impact on income inequality or the two may even be completely unrelated to each other. This remarkable conclusion is in disagreement with all previous models which support a unidirectional, positive or negative, relation."
Correspondence: G. Alperovich, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics, 52 900 Ramat-Gan, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

61:30607 Browne, Irene. The baby boom and trends in poverty, 1967-1987. Social Forces, Vol. 73, No. 3, Mar 1995. 1,071-95 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
"The theory of cohort competition developed by Easterlin suggests that individuals born during the baby boom are more likely to be poor than those born before or after them. This article investigates this claim by addressing two questions: Is there any effect of cohort on poverty, and, if so, does this effect follow the pattern predicted by Easterlin's theory? A decomposition of poverty by age, period, cohort, and household type shows that among whites, every successive generation of family heads born throughout the baby boom has faced an increasingly greater chance of being poor. Among blacks, the cohort effect is not statistically significant. Contrary to Easterlin's prediction, however, it is white-family heads born after the baby boom who face the highest odds of poverty. The cohort effect is not due to recent changes in family structure, which are controlled."
Correspondence: I. Browne, Emory University, Department of Sociology, Atlanta, GA 30322. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30608 Livi-Bacci, Massimo. Poverty and population. IUSSP Distinguished Lecture Series on Population and Development, ISBN 2-87108-042-9. 1994. 26 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author examines the relationships between population growth and poverty, with a focus on using a microlevel approach in order "to understand how demographic phenomena and behaviours affect the ability of individuals, families or groups to escape poverty or--at the opposite end--determines the decline into poverty."
Correspondence: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, 34 rue des Augustins, 4000 Liege, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30609 Lozano Ascencio, Fernando. Bringing it back home: remittances to Mexico from migrant workers in the United States. Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies Monograph Series, No. 37, ISBN 1-878367-11-0. 1993. xiii, 77 pp. University of California, Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies: San Diego, California. In Eng.
In this study, translated from Spanish, "the author undertakes an exercise to determine the total amount of remittances sent from the United States to Mexico during the 1980s and up to 1990, through both formal sending channels (transfers through telegraph and banking systems) and informal channels, such as 'pocket transfers.' The estimate offered here was calculated based on a model that incorporates projections of the permanent and temporary migrant populations in the United States, as well as data on a series of economic indicators collected in ten surveys with migrant workers in both Mexico and the United States....Although remittances have a strong economic impact in the Mexican economy as a whole, that impact is even more pronounced when we look at the role of remittances in the Mexican regions that are major migrant-sending areas."
Correspondence: University of California, Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, 0510, Publications Distributor, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0510. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30610 Russia. Gosudarstvennyi Komitet Rossiiskoi Federatsii po Statistike (Goskomstat Rossii) (Moscow, Russia). Occupations among the largest ethnic groups in the Russian Federation, based on data from the 1989 census. [Professional'nyi sostav naseleniya korennykh i naibolee mnogochislennykh natsional'nostei Rossiiskoi Federatsii, po dannym perepisi naseleniya 1989 goda.] ISBN 5-7798-0009X. 1992. 628 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
Data on occupations in Russia are presented by major ethnic group. The data are presented separately for blue-collar and white-collar workers.
Correspondence: Gosudarstvennyi Komitet Rossiiskoi Federatsii po Statistike, Ul. Kirova 39, 103450 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30611 Vecernik, Jiri. Changes in household income distribution, 1988-1992. [Zmeny v rozdeleni prijmu domacnosti 1988-1992.] Demografie, Vol. 37, No. 2, 1995. 87-101 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author examines changes in the distribution of household income in the Czech Republic between 1988 and 1992. Aspects considered include reasons for an increase in income inequality, methods of calculating distribution, and determinants of the poverty rate.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30612 von Weizsacker, Robert K. Public pension reform, demographics, and inequality. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 8, No. 2, May 1995. 205-21 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"Starting from a simple, descriptive model of individual income, an explicit link between the age composition of a population and the personal distribution of incomes is established. Demographic effects on income inequality are derived. Next, a pay-as-you-go financed state pension system is introduced. The resulting government budget constraint entails interrelations between fiscal and demographic variables, causing an additional, indirect demographic impact on the distribution. This is shown not only to change, but in some cases even to reverse the distributional incidence of an aging population. Several policy conflicts arise. The point is re-emphasized by an analysis of the German Pension Reform Act of 1992. The study reveals that the design of the pension formula decisively drives the relation between demographics and inequality."
Correspondence: R. K. von Weizsacker, Martin-Luther-Universitat, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultat, Lehrstuhl Volkswirtschaftslehre, Grosse Steinstrasse 73, 06099 Halle, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30613 Zarca, Bernard. Inheritance and differences in social mobility between brothers. [L'heritage et la mobilite sociale au sein de la fratrie.] Population, Vol. 50, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1995. 331-56 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"In a previous paper the author investigated whether one or several sons were chosen to inherit their father's independent occupational status. He concluded that privileged treatment of oldest sons did not exclude the possibility that status could be inherited by several sons. In this paper the author extends his analysis to all social classes [in France]. Does marriage increase or reduce the chances of inheriting occupational status, or access to such status? Are the matrimonial careers of eldest and youngest sons different? Generally, the answers are positive, which suggests that inheritance and social mobility should be studied for families, rather than for individuals. However, they do not contradict the well known fact that eldest sons enjoy a privileged position."
For related articles, see 59:30567 and 60:10547.
Correspondence: B. Zarca, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 15 quai Anatole France, 75700 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

61:30614 Ainsworth, Martha; Beegle, Kathleen; Nyamete, Andrew. The impact of female schooling on fertility and contraceptive use: a study of fourteen Sub-Saharan countries. Living Standards Measurement Study Working Paper, No. 110, ISBN 0-8213-3019-5. LC 94-30391. 1995. xi, 69 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper examines the relationship between female schooling and two behaviors--cumulative fertility and contraceptive use--in fourteen Sub-Saharan African countries where Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) have been conducted since the mid-1980s. Using multivariate regression analysis, the paper compares the effect of female schooling across countries, in urban and rural areas, and across different cohorts of women. For the subsample of ever-married women, the effect of female and male schooling is compared....The results show a negative correlation between female schooling and fertility in virtually all of the countries. However, the relationship is non-linear. Female primary schooling has a negative relation with fertility in about half of the countries and no relation in the other half. Secondary schooling is universally associated with lower fertility, and the strength of the effect increases with the years of schooling. No major differences between countries in different income groups is noted, but there is evidence of a positive relationship between income and fertility in Nigeria, and a negative relationship in Tanzania, Ghana, Togo and Botswana."
Correspondence: World Bank, Office of the Publisher, Distribution Unit, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30615 Boggess, Scott. Family structure, economic status, and educational attainment. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 94-317, Aug 1994. 23, [11] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This study examines the effect of [U.S.] family structure on high school graduation and completed education by race and gender using data from the first twenty-one waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and recently available retrospective marital histories....The analysis tests the hypothesis that the negative effect on educational attainment often associated with living in a mother-only or stepfather family stems primarily from the reduced level of economic resources available to these households."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30616 Bukodi, Erzsebet. Main characteristics of intergenerational social mobility. [A nemzedekek kozotti tarsadalmi mobilitas fobb jellemzoi.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 73, No. 4-5, Apr-May 1995. 324-39 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
"Data [from a Hungarian] mobility survey show that the main driving force behind social changes is the alteration of the economic structure, which presented itself with increased numbers of the self-employed on one hand, and with increased numbers of employees in the private sector on the other. Relying on her analysis the author thinks that only a part of social changes can be described...using the categories built on traditional labour-like groups."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30617 Bulusu, Lak; White, Ian. Trends in higher qualifications, 1971 to 1991. Population Trends, No. 79, Spring 1995. 37-42 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Statistics from the 1991 Census show that the number of people aged 20-64 in Great Britain with higher educational qualifications more than doubled since the 1971 Census. This article summarises the main trends over this period for men and women, by age-group, by area of residence, and by the subject of the qualification."
Correspondence: L. Bulusu, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Population Statistics Division, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30618 Hernandez, Pedro M.; Beller, Andrea H.; Graham, John W. Changes in the relationship between child support payments and educational attainment of offspring, 1979-1988. Demography, Vol. 32, No. 2, May 1995. 249-60 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"We examine changes over the 1980s in the effect of child support payments on the educational attainment of children age 16 to 19 in the United States, and why child support has a stronger impact than other sources of income. We use 1979 and 1988 Current Population Survey data, covering a period when improvements in enforcement should have increased the proportion of reluctant fathers paying support. We hypothesize and find that the positive effect of child support on education diminished somewhat over this period, both absolutely and in relation to other income."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1993 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: P. M. Hernandez, University of Illinois, School of Human Resources and Family Studies, Division of Consumer Sciences, 274 Bevier Hall, 905 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30619 Li, Chun-Hao; Bagaka's, Joshua G.; Darden, Joe T. A comparison of the U.S. Census Summary Tape Files 1A and 3A in measuring residential segregation. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1995. 145-55 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper examines the difference in results obtained from using Summary Tape Files 1A...and 3A...in measuring residential segregation. The 1A file contains data for the whole population, while the 3A file is based on estimates derived from a sample of the 1990 census. Computation of segregation indexes for the 45 largest metropolitan areas (MSA/PMSA) in the United States, using both files, revealed large differences. The differences were found to be correlated negatively with the percentage of the minority group population in the metropolitan area."
Correspondence: C.-H. Li, Michigan State University, Urban Affairs Programs, East Lansing, MI 48824-1111. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

61:30620 Lobo, Peter. Residential segregation of Asians and Hispanics in 1990. In: American Statistical Association, 1993 Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1993]. 60-4 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper analyzes and compares the 1990 residential patterns of Asians, Hispanics, and Blacks with respect to Whites with a view to understanding how well these groups have been spatially integrated into U.S. society. It also examines the segregation levels of specific Asian and Hispanic groups."
Correspondence: P. Lobo, University of Michigan, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30621 Morrison, Philip S. Housing occupancy and the changing size of households and dwellings in New Zealand 1951-1991. New Zealand Population Review, Vol. 20, No. 1-2, May-Nov 1994. 69-100 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
"Progress across the last 40 years in the housing of New Zealanders is reviewed, using both published and unpublished census tabulations and the SUPERMAP2 mapping facility. The topics covered include dwelling occupancy, changing dwelling and household size, the match between households and dwellings, and crowding and its geography in Auckland and Wellington. A number of problems concerning the questions included in the successive censuses of housing are also identified, and the importance of a continuing dialogue between researchers and census-takers is stressed."
Correspondence: P. S. Morrison, Victoria University of Wellington, Department of Geography, P.O. Box 600, Wellington, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30622 Myhrman, Antero; Olsen, Paivi; Rantakallio, Paula; Laara, Esa. Does the wantedness of a pregnancy predict a child's educational attainment? Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 27, No. 3, May-Jun 1995. 116-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In this article, we report on the academic progress at adolescence and early adulthood of a 1966 cohort of births in Finland; we assess whether the wantedness of a pregnancy has an independent effect on educational attainment when family background is taken into consideration....We also examine gender differences in educational attainment among children born from unwanted pregnancies." The analysis indicates that "25% of the young men born following an unwanted pregnancy failed to attain any more education than the nine years of compulsory schooling, compared with 18% of those born as a result of a mistimed pregnancy and 14% from a wanted one. The comparable proportions for women in the cohort were 19%, 13% and 9%, respectively. A binary regression analysis that controlled for family background variables indicates that unwantedness increased the risk that men would not go on to upper secondary school by 6.0 percentage points and that women would not by 6.3 percentage points."
Correspondence: A. Myhrman, University of Oulu, Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, Aapistiez, 90220 Oulu, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30623 Rajan, S. Irudaya. Catholics in Bombay: a historical-demographic study of the Roman Catholic population in the Archdiocese of Bombay. ISBN 81-85408-01-4. 1993. xxiii, 338 pp. Vendrame Institute: Shillong, India; Firma KLM Private: Calcutta, India. In Eng.
"This is the first demographic study on Roman Catholics in India using the Roman Catholic Parish records of the Archdiocese of Bombay for the last 125 years. The study reveals that the baptismal, burial and nuptial records maintained in the parishes are fairly reliable and accurate justifying further historical research work in this field in other parts of India. After Parsis, this study maintains that Roman Catholics, one of the minority religious groups in India, are in the final stage of demographic transition with low mortality and fertility."
Correspondence: Vendrame Institute, Shillong 793 008, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30624 Simon, Patrick. The housing of immigrants. [Le logement des immigres.] Population et Societes, No. 303, Jul 1995. [4] pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
The housing of immigrants in France is analyzed using data from a 1992 survey.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

61:30625 Anderson, Barbara A.; Silver, Brian D. Demographic sources of the changing ethnic composition of the Soviet Union. In: Population, ethnicity, and nation-building, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1995. 149-99 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In this chapter, we discuss the changing ethnic composition of the Soviet population as a whole and by region between 1959 and 1989, the dates of the first and last post-War censuses of the population. We examine the proximate demographic sources of change for different regions of the country, with a special emphasis on fertility and migration. We show that the ethnic makeup of the Soviet population was very dynamic....We focus on the populations of [the] union republics rather than the entire set of federal units and nationalities."
Correspondence: B. A. Anderson, University of Michigan, Department of Sociology, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30626 Belgium. Institut National de Statistique (Brussels, Belgium). Foreign population as at January 1, 1994. [Population etrangere au 1.1.1994.] Statistiques Demographiques, No. 3B, 1994. 267 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre.
Statistical data are presented from the National Population Register on the foreign population living in Belgium. Information is included on the sex and age distribution and marital status of the foreign population, as well as on the country of origin of foreigners.
Correspondence: Institut National de Statistique, 44 rue de Louvain, Centre Albert, 8e etage, 1000 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30627 Chrissantaki, Palmera; Kuiper, Erwin. Africans in Europe: a portrait in figures. [Les Africains en Europe: un portrait en chiffres.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1994. 189-99 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre.
Selected data are presented on the population of African origin currently resident in the countries of the European Community in 1992.
Correspondence: P. Chrissantaki, European Communities, EUROSTAT, Batiment Jean Monnet, 2920 Luxembourg. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30628 DellaPergola, Sergio; Lerner, Susana. The Jewish population of Mexico: a demographic, social and cultural profile. [La poblacion judia en Mexico: perfil demografico, social y cultural.] Estudios de Poblacion Judias, No. 26, 1995. 188 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry: Jerusalem, Israel; El Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Demograficos y de Desarrollo Urbano: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
This study examines the demography of the Jewish population of Mexico, using data from a survey carried out in 1991 that involved 866 families and 2,896 individuals. There are chapters on the size, origin, and distribution of this population, its major demographic characteristics, socioeconomic characteristics, and sociocultural aspects.
Correspondence: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Gaster Building, Mount Scopus Campus, 91905 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30629 Eschbach, Karl. The enduring and vanishing American Indian: American Indian population growth and intermarriage in 1990. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1, Jan 1995. 89-108 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The American Indian and Alaskan Native population has grown rapidly since 1950 because of changes in the racial classification of persons with mixed Indian and non-Indian descent. These changes have challenged once common expectations that the Indian population was likely to shrink over time through assimilation. However, in regions of the United States where the recent growth of the Indian population has been particularly sharp most married Indians are married to non-Indians. Fertility rates of women who are part of intermarried couples are lower than fertility rates for Indian women in racially endogamous marriages. The majority of the children of intermarried Indians in high intermarriage regions are labelled with the race of the non-Indian parent. Intermarriage is likely to substantially reduce the long-run impact of changes in identification on the future growth of the Indian population. At the same time, in a few states the American Indian population remains ethnically homogenous and shows no signs of imminent amalgamation into the general American population."
Correspondence: K. Eschbach, University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology, 4412 Social Science Building, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1393. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30630 Goldscheider, Calvin. Ethnicity and nation-building in Israel: the importance of demographic factors. In: Population, ethnicity, and nation-building, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1995. 119-47 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Significant ethnic differences continue to characterize social life in Israel, even as ethnic groups have been integrated into the national society and polity....I shall argue that demographic factors, in particular the timing and selectivity of immigration and continuing patterns of residential concentration, have been critical in shaping the ethnic mosaic in Israel; are central to the ways in which ethnicity has changed over the last several decades; and are linked directly to the perpetuation of ethnic differentiation and inequalities."
Correspondence: C. Goldscheider, Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30631 Goldscheider, Calvin. Population, ethnicity, and nation-building. Brown University Studies in Population and Development, ISBN 0-8133-8953-4. LC 95-14820. 1995. xiv, 301 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This volume focuses on the linkages between ethnicity and population processes in the context of nation-building. Using historical and contemporary illustrations in a variety of countries, parts of this complex puzzle are scrutinized through the prisms of sociology, history, political science, anthropology, and demography. Themes of ethnic group formation and transformation, persistence and assimilation, demographic transitions and convergences, and the processes of political mobilization and economic development are described and compared....The multidisciplinary emphasis addresses core themes of ethnicity and nation-building in comparative perspectives." The chapters originated in two workshops held at Brown University in 1990 and 1991.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301-2877. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30632 Goldscheider, Calvin. Population, ethnicity, and nation-building: themes, issues, and guidelines. In: Population, ethnicity, and nation-building, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1995. 1-17 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author provides an overview of the chapters included in this volume. "The studies in this volume examine ethnic processes in the contexts of nation-building and demographic change....We focus on demographic transformations in industrialized nations and Third World countries. Our collective goal was to enrich our comparative studies of ethnicity, and to gain insight into the dimensions of ethnicity in the processes of nation-building and demographic change."
Correspondence: C. Goldscheider, Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30633 Hall, Bob. Ethnic diversity in New Zealand society. New Zealand Population Review, Vol. 20, No. 1-2, May-Nov 1994. 110-32 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
"In this research note I focus less on the major ethnic groups (Maori, Pakeha and Pacific Islanders) and more on the minorities (Chinese, Indians and others) [in New Zealand]. I want to identify who these minority populations are and where they are located, and to look at some of the reactions to this diversity. To this end I present new data from previously unpublished government sources, comment on a national survey of New Zealand attitudes to immigrants, and discuss some popular responses as presented in the press."
Correspondence: B. Hall, University of Canterbury, Department of Sociology, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30634 Hirschman, Charles. Ethnic diversity and change in Southeast Asia. In: Population, ethnicity, and nation-building, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1995. 19-36 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The aim of this essay is to present an overview of ethnic diversity and change in Southeast Asia. First, I sketch the basic features of the region, including a brief account of the ethnic dimension in each country. Then I offer a broad historical account of ethnic dynamics in the region over the last few centuries, organized into the crude categories of the pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial eras. This is an attempt to outline the broad features and dynamics of Southeast Asian ethnic relations--and to provide a preliminary interpretation of these patterns and their implications for a theory of ethnicity."
Correspondence: C. Hirschman, University of Washington, Department of Sociology DK-40, Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30635 Hugo, Graeme; Maher, Chris. Atlas of the Australian people--1991 census. National overview. ISBN 0-644-42864-3. 1995. xiv, 165 pp. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra, Australia; Bureau of Immigration, Multicultural and Population Research: South Carlton, Australia. In Eng.
"This volume provides a national overview of the ethnic and birthplace composition of Australia's population as revealed in the 1991 Census. It...provides a statistical summary of sixty-nine separate immigrant groups' representation in the Australian population, together with the Australia-born and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. It also looks at the extent of distributional changes between the 1981 and 1991 Censuses and provides maps illustrating the national distribution of each group."
Correspondence: Bureau of Immigration, Multicultural and Population Research, P.O. Box 659, South Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30636 Kelly, Karen. Visible minorities: a diverse group. Canadian Social Trends, No. 37, Summer 1995. 2-8 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
An analysis of recent demographic trends concerning minority ethnic groups in Canada is presented based primarily on 1991 census data. The author notes that the total size of these populations has doubled since 1981, and it now represents nine percent of the population age 15 and over. The largest minority ethnic groups continue to be Chinese, blacks, and South Asians.
Correspondence: K. Kelly, Statistics Canada, Housing, Family and Social Statistics Division, 7th Floor, Jean Talon Building, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30637 Lesthaeghe, R.; Surkyn, J. Heterogeneity in social change: Turkish and Moroccan women in Belgium. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1995. 1-29 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The main purpose of the article is to document the intergenerational changes occurring among the two most important Islamic communities in Flanders and Brussels." The data concern "850 Turkish and 860 Moroccan women aged 17-49 currently living in Belgium, and interviewed in 1991-93 by native female interviewers. The two surveys cover short migration histories, family formation variables pertaining to nuptiality, endogamy, fertility, contraception, utility of children, gender relation attitudes, residential characteristics, education and female labour force participation, linguistic abilities and opinions concerning religion and politics. A marked heterogeneity is noticed with respect to these variables, with obvious contrasts between first and second generation, but equally striking contrasts between the second generation and the recently 'imported brides' who belong to the same age group as the second generation. Furthermore, heteropraxis shows up in the sense that the tempo of the changes are markedly different depending on social domain."
Correspondence: R. Lesthaeghe, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Centrum Sociologie, Interuniversity Programme in Demography, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30638 Reyniers, Alain. Gypsy populations and their movements within Central and Eastern Europe and towards some OECD countries. International Migration and Labour Market Policies Occasional Paper, No. 1, Pub. Order No. OCDE/GD(95)20. 1995. 38 pp. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD]: Paris, France. In Eng.
"The author describes the main demographic characteristics of the Gypsy minorities in each country of residence in Central and Eastern Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, former Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, former USSR, former Yugoslavia). The paper then analyses policy evolution with regard to Gypsies....The author examines the problems tied to education (illiteracy is high) and housing (ghettos and social exclusion)."
Correspondence: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Publications Service, 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30639 Russia. Gosudarstvennyi Komitet Rossiiskoi Federatsii po Statistike (Goskomstat Rossii) (Moscow, Russia). The size and characteristics of the peoples of the north, based on 1989 census data. Volume 1. [Chislennost' i sostav naseleniya narodov severa, po dannym perepisi naseleniya 1989 g. Tom I.] ISBN 5-7798-0007-3. 1992. 417; 440 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
This two-volume report presents data on the ethnic populations living in the extreme north of the Russian Federation. The data concern population size, language, age and sex distribution, and rural and urban residence. Some data are presented separately by administrative division.
Correspondence: Gosudarstvennyi Komitet Rossiiskoi Federatsii po Statistike, Ul. Kirova 39, 103450 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30640 Russia. Gosudarstvennyi Komitet Rossiiskoi Federatsii po Statistike (Goskomstat Rossii) (Moscow, Russia). The size and characteristics of the peoples of the north, based on 1989 census data. Volume 2. [Chislennost' i sostav naseleniya narodov severa, po dannym perepisi naseleniya 1989 g. Tom II.] ISBN 5-7798-0012-X. 1992. 436; 295 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
This two-volume report presents further data on the ethnic populations living in the far north of the Russian Federation. The data concern marital status, educational status, income, social class, and occupations.
Correspondence: Gosudarstvennyi Komitet Rossiiskoi Federatsii po Statistike, Ul. Kirova 39, 103450 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30641 Tarrius, Alain; Peraldi, Michel. Marseilles and its foreign population. [Marseille et ses etrangers.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1995. 5-132 pp. Universite de Poitiers: Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This issue contains a section devoted to the population of the French city of Marseilles, and particularly to its non-French resident population. The focus of the seven contributions is on the evolving role of the city as a commercial link between Europe and North Africa, and on the changes in the ethnic composition of its population over time.
Correspondence: Universite de Poitiers, MIGRINTER-CNRS, 95 avenue du Recteur Pineau, 86022 Poitiers Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30642 United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile); Confederacion Indigena del Oriente Boliviano [CIDOB] (Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia); United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York); Instituto de Cooperacion Iberoamericana [ICI] (Madrid, Spain). Sociodemographic studies on indigenous peoples. [Estudios sociodemograficos de pueblos indigenas.] CELADE Serie E, No. 40, Pub. Order No. LC/DEM/G.146. Dec 1994. 576 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
This collection of studies is the product of a seminar held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, October 18-22, 1993 on contemporary sociodemographic analysis of indigenous peoples in Latin America. Following an introductory section, the 28 papers are organized into six parts, which concern enumerating indigenous peoples in national censuses, anthropological and nontraditional methods of analysis, studies on reproduction and maternal and child health, indigenous people in the urban context, the role of this population in demographic and development issues, and judicial and administrative aspects.
Correspondence: UN Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Edificio Naciones Unidas, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30643 Vishnevskii, Anatolii G. Demographic changes and nationalism. Sociological Research, Vol. 34, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1995. 30-49 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
This article examines the different characteristics of the many peoples inhabiting what used to be the Soviet Union and communist Eastern Europe, including Yugoslavia. The differences among these nationalities, or ethnic groups, are illustrated using the example of demographic modernization, showing how different peoples have or have not passed through the demographic transition process. The author looks at ethnic differences in mortality, fertility, natural increase, and migration, as well as economic and social inequalities among ethnic groups. The prospects for inter-ethnic conflict are assessed.
This is a translation of the Russian article in Sotsiologicheskii Zhurnal (Moscow, Russia) No. 1, 1994, pp. 22-35.
Correspondence: A. G. Vishnevskii, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of National Economic Forecasting, Center for Demography and Human Ecology, Leninskii Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30644 White, Michael J.; Sassler, Sharon. Ethnic definition, social mobility, and residential segregation in the United States. In: Population, ethnicity, and nation-building, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1995. 267-97 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In this paper we explore several issues related to ethnic identity in the United States. We employ demographic tools, including qualitative analysis of historical census schedules and statistical analysis of census and survey data from 1910 and 1980. Our purpose is to provide direct evidence on ethnic group competition and assimilation, and to call attention to how these issues of ethnic identification and assimilation are intertwined with the data collection mechanisms used by official agencies....We approach assimilation through the window of residence....While the data and measures we use to examine segregation in 1910 and 1980 are not exactly comparable, knowledge of who lives near whom provides insight into the degree of a group's assimilation."
Correspondence: M. J. White, Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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