Volume 61 - Number 3 - Fall 1995

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

61:30574 Beekink, Erik; van Cruyningen, Piet. A demographic databank for Dutch municipalities, 1811-1850. [Demografische databank Nederlandse gemeenten, 1811-1850.] NIDI Rapport, No. 40, ISBN 90-70990-50-4. 1995. 206 pp. Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI]: The Hague, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
This publication attempts to complete a project initiated by the late E. W. Hofstee, and to document and describe available demographic data on Dutch municipalities for the period 1811-1850.
Correspondence: Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, P.O. Box 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30575 Cordell, Dennis D.; Gregory, Joel W. African population and capitalism: historical perspectives. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-299-14270-1. LC 93-39164. 1994. 304 pp. University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, Wisconsin/London, England. In Eng.
This is a selection of 17 studies on the demographic effects of colonialism in Africa. The focus is on how population trends can be studied in the era preceding the development of modern data-collection methods such as censuses and vital statistics. The work demonstrates "the need to see population change in African society not as a product of any single demographic phenomenon--for example, a rise in fertility, or a decline in mortality, or an increase in migration--but as an historical process in which all three demographic parameters interact with each other, and with the social, economic, and ideological factors that are the stock and trade of historical analysis."
For the first edition, published in 1987, see 53:30592.
Correspondence: University of Wisconsin Press, 114 North Murray Street, Madison, WI 53715. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30576 Curto, Jose C. Sources for the pre-1900 population history of Sub-Saharan Africa: the case of Angola, 1773-1845. Annales de Demographie Historique, 1994. 319-38 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This article deals with the largest collection of primary sources yet located documenting the population history of any area in Sub-Saharan Africa before 1900: 350 censuses produced between 1773 and 1845 in the Portuguese colony of Angola. It examines the administrative background of these censuses, describes the types of demographic data contained therein, and evaluates the problems raised by this corpus of data. Two major conclusions are drawn. First, although most demographers and historians have assumed that traditional quantitative sources on the population past of Sub-Saharan Africa are not available prior to the turn of the nineteenth century, a steadily growing amount of this type of documentation does in fact exist for coastal areas under European control. Second, in the specific of Angola, with the extant demographic data being closer to those found in more modern censuses, its population history can be effectively reconstructed with a fair degree of precision and detail."
Correspondence: J. C. Curto, McGill University, Centre for Developing Areas Studies, 3715 rue Peel, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1X1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30577 Garrett, Eilidh; Reid, Alice. Satanic mills, pleasant lands: spatial variation in women's work, fertility and infant mortality as viewed from the 1911 census. Historical Research, Vol. 67, No. 163, Jun 1994. 156-77 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors use data from the 1911 census of England and Wales to examine geographical differences in women's employment, fertility, and infant mortality. The data is supplemented by a selection of anonymized individual returns from the 1891, 1901, 1911, and 1921 censuses for 53 clusters of enumeration districts, which include approximately the same spatial areas for each of the four census years. The authors use these data to further examine geographic differences in the process of demographic transition.
Correspondence: E. Garrett, Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, 27 Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1QA, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

61:30578 Gervais, Raymond. Censuses in French West Africa: origins and significance. Examples from colonial Upper Volta. [Recensements en A.O.F.: genese et signification. Des exemples de la Haute-Volta coloniale.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1994. 339-54 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The development of demographic data systems in colonial French West Africa is described, using the example of Upper Volta (modern Burkina Faso). The author notes the many factors that prevented the development of an effective system of demographic accounting in the region, including lack of personnel, inadequate training, shortage of funds, and a lack of local statistical institutions.
Correspondence: R. Gervais, McGill University, Centre for Developing Areas Studies, 3715 rue Peel, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1X1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30579 Janczak, Julian K. The statistics of the population of the Kingdom of Poland in the second half of the nineteenth century. [Statystyka ludnosci Krolestwa Polskiego w drugiej polowie XIX.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, No. 19, 1994. 47-116 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
This is a continuation of a previous study on the available demographic data for the Kingdom of Poland in the nineteenth century. The author describes the changes in the organization of statistical data collection over time that occurred as a result of political events. The quality of the data collected is also assessed.
For a related article concerning the first half of the nineteenth century, see 50:30603.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30580 Maur, Eduard. Humans and plague in history. [Clovek a mor v dejinach.] Demografie, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1995. 36-41 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"The author tries to clarify...different aspects of the relationship between man and plague in Europe since antiquity up to the extinction of pest epidemics in the 18th century....The article deals with the consequences of the Black Death from the mid-14th century on the European [economies] and also on contemporary social conditions. It characterizes reactions of that time [to] that disaster and, afterwards, pursues the reflex of plague in art and especially in fine arts since antiquity until the 20th century."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30581 Zamorski, Krzysztof. Demographic transformation in Central Europe in the second half of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. [Transformacja demograficzna w Europie Srodkowej w XIX w. wewnetrzne podobienstwa i roznice.] Przeszlosc Demograficzna Polski, No. 19, 1994. 27-45 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
This is a review of demographic trends in Central Europe from the mid-nineteenth century to the present day, the focus being on the timing of the various stages of the demographic transition in different population groups. The author suggests that the demographic transition came after and was adapted from the experience of Western European populations.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

61:30582 Bernabeu Mestre, Josep. Sickness and population. An introduction to the problems and methods of historical epidemiology. [Enfermedad y poblacion. Introduccion a los problemas y metodos de la epidemiologia historica.] Scientia Veterum, Serie Monografias, No. 5, ISBN 84-920303-2-1. 1995. 127 pp. Seminari d'Estudis sobre la Ciencia: Valencia, Spain. In Spa.
This is a general introduction to the study of historical epidemiology. Following an overview of concepts and methods, the author examines the principal sources of data used in historical epidemiology studies. The main problems in historical epidemiology are then considered, including causes of sickness and death, infectious diseases and demographic crises, and the decline of mortality and the theory of the health transition. The primary geographical focus is on Europe.
Correspondence: Seminari d'Estudis sobre la Ciencia, Apartat de Correus 56, 46110 Godella, Valencia, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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