Volume 61 - Number 2 - Summer 1995

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

61:20577 Andorka, Rudolf. The historical demography of a proper Hungarian village: Atany in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Journal of Family History, Vol. 19, No. 4, 1994. 311-31 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"Atany is the first village in the Great Plain region in Hungary to be analyzed by means [of] family reconstitution....Mortality did not improve until the end of the nineteenth century. The age at first marriage for women was slightly above twenty years, and very few women remained single until the end of their reproductive ages. Fertility remained high until the end of the nineteenth century. The development of fertility was very different from the southern Transdanubian villages characterized by early birth control. Nearly half the households had complicated structure, falling between the middle European, Mediterranean, and Eastern household types. These characteristics might be explained by the relative abundance of land in the Great Plain region."
Correspondence: R. Andorka, Budapest University of Economic Sciences, Fovam ter 8, 1093 Budapest IX, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20578 Gerhan, David R. Bibliography of American demographic history: the literature from 1984 to 1994. Bibliographies and Indexes in American History, No. 30, ISBN 0-313-26677-8. LC 94-42117. 1995. xx, 339 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
This is an update of a retrospective bibliography of studies on American demographic history from colonial times to 1983, covering the period 1984 to 1994. The bibliographic references, which are unannotated, are organized by subject. Indexes are provided by author, place, ethnicity and national origin, and selected topic.
For a related study, published in 1989, see 55:10570.
Correspondence: Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, P.O. Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881-5007. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20579 Harrell, Stevan. Chinese historical microdemography. Studies on China, No. 20, ISBN 0-520-08306-7. LC 94-6116. 1995. xiii, 236 pp. University of California Press: Berkeley, California/London, England. In Eng.
The eight papers included in this volume were originally presented at a conference held in Asilomar, California, in January 1987. The papers share a common approach in that they involve the detailed examination of small populations, using data from genealogies and other historic sources of microdata, in order to throw further light on general problems of China's population history, particularly at the regional level. Topics covered include marriage, fertility, lineages, family structure, and mortality.
Correspondence: University of California Press, 2120 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20580 Lovell, W. George; Lutz, Christopher H. Demography and empire. A guide to the population history of Spanish Central America, 1500-1821. Dellplain Latin American Studies, No. 33, ISBN 0-8133-8865-1. LC 94-24614. 1995. xv, 190 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This is an annotated bibliography of studies on the population of Central America during the period of Spanish rule, from 1500 to 1821. The focus is on studies that deal with population size, distribution, composition, and change over time. Following an introductory essay and analysis of the entries, the bibliographic references are presented alphabetically by author. A general index is provided.
Correspondence: Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301-2877. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20581 Weir, David R. Family income, mortality, and fertility on the eve of the demographic transition: a case study of Rosny-sous-Bois. Journal of Economic History, Vol. 55, No. 1, Mar 1995. 1-26 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This article combines uniquely detailed household-level tax assessments with reconstituted family histories for an eighteenth-century agricultural village near Paris [France]. The tax records reveal substantial diversity in income among taxpayers despite the exemptions given privileged landowners. High-income households had significantly lower levels of infant and adult mortality, earlier age at marriage of the wife, and slightly lower rates of emigration by their surviving children. Marital fertility was high at all income levels. These classic Malthusian patterns were found at the household level more than a generation after the last great subsistence crises and resulted in a much higher local rate of replacement for the better-off families."
Correspondence: D. R. Weir, University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center, Population Research Center, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637-2799. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

61:20582 Hammel, E. A.; Wachter, Kenneth W. A microsimulation test of historical household structure: evaluating the Slavonian Census of 1698. Program in Population Research Working Paper, No. 38, Jan 1995. 30, [26] pp. University of California, Institute of International Studies, Program in Population Research: Berkeley, California. In Eng.
"Microsimulation, other demographic tools, and evidence of history and ethnography are used to evaluate an important 17th century household census. Linguistic, ethnographic, and internal evidence allow adjustment of anomalies in census categories. Microsimulation based on historically and ethnographically plausible rates and household formation scenarios produces simulated households in accord with those of the adjusted census. Results permit estimation of the true population of the region, of the kinship and age composition of households under frontier conditions, and the probable future composition of households as the frontier stabilized and land shortage began to exert pressure for greater density and household complexity." Slavonia is located in modern Croatia.
Correspondence: University of California, Institute of International Studies, Program in Population Research, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20583 Ruggles, Steven; Menard, Russell R. The Minnesota historical census projects. Historical Methods, Vol. 28, No. 1, Winter 1995. 78 pp. Heldref Publications: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This special issue describes the historical census projects at the University of Minnesota. These projects involve the development of historical public use samples of nineteenth-century U.S. censuses, including the development of the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. This "database will include information on over 50 million individuals spread over 140 years of extraordinary social and economic change. We expect that the unprecedented potential to locate individual behavior in time and spatial context will generate important new research on topics such as fertility, urbanization, immigration, household composition, and occupational structure."
Correspondence: Heldref Publications, Helen Dwight Reid Educational Foundation, 1319 Eighteenth Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20036-1802. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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