Klaus M. Hope as a principle. Population growth:
insights and prospects. [Hoffnung als Prinzip.
Bevolkerungswachstum: Einblicke und Ausblicke.] ISBN 3-7643-2757-X.
1993. 423 pp. Birkhauser Verlag: Basel, Switzerland. In Ger.
The problems of rapid global population growth are discussed, and the need for policies to control this growth is stressed. Chapters are included on worldwide demographic trends, with an emphasis on developing countries; cultural and socioeconomic influences on birth rates; effects of high population growth rates; demographic transition theory and whether the historical European experience can serve as an example for the third world; and requirements for an ethical population policy.
Correspondence: Birkhauser Verlag, Klosterberg 23, P.O. Box 133, 4010 Basel, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nafis. Making a difference: twenty-five years of UNFPA
experience. ISBN 0-89714-252-7. 1994. x, 150 pp. Banson: London,
England. In Eng.
"This volume reviews the Fund's experience over the past quarter century. It examines UNFPA programming strategies and how these are carried out. It includes a comprehensive regional and interregional analysis of the Fund's work, and it brings the story up to date with a discussion of the Cairo Conference and its implications. The book shows how, as peoples' and countries' needs have changed, the organization has adapted both its policies and its programmes to respond--and how, in doing so, it has made a difference."
Correspondence: Banson, 3 Turville Street, London E2 7HR, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.
Michael. World War III: population and the biosphere at
the end of the millennium. ISBN 1-879181-18-5. LC 94-5019. 1994.
xxxvi, 609 pp. Bear: Santa Fe, New Mexico. In Eng.
This study concerns the clash between the growth in human numbers and the viability of the global biosphere, which the author calls World War III. "This volume endeavors to analyze these battlegrounds by focusing upon the major regions of the planet where particularly heavy demographic pressures are conflicting with dense plant and animal communities." The author first introduces the concept of balanced population using the example of Antarctica, and then considers the situation in China, India, Indonesia, Africa, and the developed world. Next, he examines future population trends and their implications. In a final chapter, he spells out an alternative future that he maintains is still feasible. "Analyzing the actual costs/benefits of compassion, vegetarianism, and prudent altruism, of living ethically within a global commons and making appropriate and decisive trade-offs, I try to offer the hope that is more than justified by the many technical, political, cultural, community, and individual solutions being implemented or discussed throughout the world."
Correspondence: Bear and Company, P.O. Box 2860, Santa Fe, NM 87504-2860. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
61:20004 Blacker, J.
G. C. Trends in demographic change. Transactions of
the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 87, Suppl. 1,
Apr 1993. 3-8 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The paper reviews changes in fertility and mortality in Asia, Africa and Latin America which have taken place during the last 40 years. In the Far East and in Latin America dramatic falls in fertility have occurred, but in the Indian sub-continent reductions in birth rates have been much more sluggish, while in sub-Saharan Africa the evidence suggests that fertility was rising rather than falling, though a few countries, notably Kenya, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland and Senegal, now appear to have turned the corner. Despite famines and other disasters in Africa and elsewhere, there is as yet no evidence that mortality has risen in any countries of the 'Third World'; indeed both child and adult mortality have continued to decline--a trend which is attributed to the expansion of primary health care, improved education, and better understanding of how to keep children alive."
Correspondence: J. G. C. Blacker, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Centre for Population Studies, 99 Gower Street, London WC1E 6AZ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy
Analysis. Population Division (New York, New York).
Concise report on the world population situation in 1993: with
special emphasis on refugees. No. ST/ESA/SER.A/138, Pub. Order No.
E.95./xiii.5. ISBN 92-1-151277-8. Dec 1994. vii, 49 pp. New York, New
York. In Eng.
"The present report is the ninth in a series of periodic concise reviews of world and regional developments in the field of population....[It] covers levels and trends in refugee populations and provides a factual basis for investigating their economic and social implications....Chapter II provides a summary of trends and governmental policies in the areas of population growth, mortality, fertility, population distribution and international migration in all countries....Chapter III examines the linkages between population and the environment, focusing on the role of population with regard to land, forests and water....The information on which the present report is based is drawn from the files and databases maintained by the [United Nations] Population Division."
For the eighth report in this series, published in 1991, see 58:10101.
Correspondence: UN Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Population Division, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jacques. World population: challenges and prospects.
[La population mondiale: defis et perspectives.] Problemes Politiques
et Sociaux, No. 743, Jan 20, 1995. 77 pp. La Documentation Francaise:
Paris, France. In Fre.
This document brings together a selection of texts that illustrate some of the issues discussed at the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, Egypt, in September 1994. The topics include population projections, the demographic transition, carrying capacity, sustainable development, the possibility of achieving socioeconomic development with rapid population growth, and the need for a global approach to population issues. The general theme of the work is that successful policies to control fertility depend to a large extent on progress in education, the status of women, and social well-being.
Correspondence: La Documentation Francaise, 29 quai Voltaire, 75334 Paris Cedex 07, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
No citations in this issue.
Krishnan. The human ecological approach to the study of
population dynamics. Population Index, Vol. 60, No. 4, Winter
1994. 517-39 pp. Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"In this paper, I begin with a brief sketch of the history of human ecology. I then point out that its problems are more complex than those of general ecology and review some basic features. A discussion of how the demography of households can be approached from an ecological perspective follows, then I outline ways to improve the formal and methodological aspects of human ecology. To conclude the paper, I argue that demographers could gain by thinking in human-ecological terms."
Correspondence: K. Namboodiri, Ohio State University, Department of Sociology, 300 Bricker Hall, 190 North Oval Mall, Columbus, OH 43210-1353. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Rossella; Righi, Alessandra. Information and education in
demography. Collection: Demography, ISBN 92-871-2111-7. 1993. 38
pp. Council of Europe: Strasbourg, France. In Eng.
This report, which is also available in French, examines demographic information in Europe. The focus is on the extent to which the media are adequately informed about demographic issues and the extent of demographic content in education curricula in schools and universities.
Correspondence: Council of Europe, 67075 Strasbourg Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Irina. A guide to reproduction: social issues and human
concerns. ISBN 0-521-41862-3. LC 93-38304. 1994. xvi, 410 pp.
Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In
"The purpose of this book is to provide a comprehensive, inter-disciplinary text for science and medical students, and others wishing to up-date their knowledge of reproduction and related social issues." Part 1, titled reproductive biology, includes chapters on fertility and infertility, sex determination, puberty, the menstrual cycle, sex behavior, sociobiology and reproductive success, fertilization, parturition and lactation, the decline in male reproduction, and menopause. Part 2, on reproduction and social issues, includes considerations of population dynamics, the artificial control of fertility, AIDS, and ethical aspects of human reproductive biology.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Assaf; Sadka, Efraim. Population economics. ISBN
0-262-18160-6. LC 94-27773. 1995. ix, 275 pp. MIT Press: Cambridge,
Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
This textbook concerns the microeconomic aspects of population changes. "The book can serve as a text for a graduate course or an advanced undergraduate course in population economics. It can also be used as a supplementary text for courses in public economics, labor economics, international trade, development economics, and demography. The only prerequisite is intermediate microeconomics." It is a follow-up to an earlier volume written jointly with Marc Nerlove, and published in 1987. It includes chapters on the microeconomics of fertility and child quality, ethical considerations, externalities and corrective population policies, income distribution and social security, growth and development, and migration and trade."
For the study by Nerlove et al., see 53:30289.
Correspondence: MIT Press, 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge, MA 02142. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).