Volume 60 - Number 3 - Fall 1994

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

60:30764 Anderson, Barbara A.; Katus, Kalev; Silver, Brian D. Developments and prospects for population statistics in countries of the former Soviet Union. Population Index, Vol. 60, No. 1, Spring 1994. 4-20 pp. Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"This paper examines recent developments and prospects for population statistics in the former Soviet Union, whose dissolution provides both opportunities and problems. It is important for scholars to be aware of past limitations of Soviet data, since the formation of independent states has neither removed bureaucratic impediments to the production of high-quality data, nor has it led to a population more ready to answer questions fully. Temporarily at least, there is a decrease in the amount and comparability of available information, and in some instances, in its quality. We begin with an overview of the system used to gather population statistics in the former Soviet Union and its inherent problems. We then discuss the challenges faced by the newly independent countries and the changes they need to make to achieve global comparability, including a shift toward the use of standard international definitions and away from political restrictions on data availability."
Correspondence: B. Anderson, University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30765 Eggerickx, Thierry; Begeot, Francois. Censuses in Europe during the 1990s: from diversity of national practice to international comparability of results. [Les recensements en Europe dans les annees 1990: de la diversite des pratiques nationales a la comparabilite internationale des resultats.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1993. 1,705-32 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors discuss the need for international standardization in enumerating population in Europe. "In certain countries the value of the census--the instrument normally used for this purpose--has been questioned, either because it is regarded as an intrusion on privacy, or because of its complexity and cost. Population registers have increasingly come to be used as a substitute for, or complement to, a simpler census, or large-scale sample surveys to limit the number of questions which needed to be answered by respondents, to supplement the information available in population registers, or even to replace the census when it could not be taken on the stipulated date. These different methods of data collection have led to many difficulties...and the quality of the results obtained has differed in different countries."
Correspondence: T. Eggerickx, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Demographie, 1 place Montesquieu, B.P. 17, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30766 Ferreira, Carlos E. de C. Demographic estimation using unconventional sources. [Utilisation de sources non-traditionnelles a des fins d'estimation demographique.] In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 205-10 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Fre.
The author reviews papers concerning techniques for demographic estimating using unconventional data sources. The papers were presented at the population conference sponsored by the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population in 1993. The author defines unconventional as meaning that the data are from a reliable official source, but are analyzed for purposes other than that for which they were collected.
Correspondence: C. E. de C. Ferreira, Fundacao Sistema Estadual de Analise de Datos, Avenida Casper Libero 464, 3o Andar s/31, 01033 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30767 Gu, Baochang. Discussion note on population data and information issues. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 124, Nov 1993. 169-72 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"The topic of this paper covers two separate and broad areas: the status of demographic data collection, analysis and use; and the effective use and dissemination of population information....Future efforts should concentrate on bridging the gap between population data collection, population data analysis and population information dissemination, and [on] demonstrating effectively the dynamic role that data and information will play in the field of population in the 1990s and beyond."
Correspondence: B. Gu, China Population Information and Research Centre, P.O. Box 2444, Beijing 100081, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30768 Koesoebjono, H. S. I.; Gorter, D.; Wang, C. S.; Veenstra, C. J. Developing socio-demographic accounts. Population Statistics Reprint, No. 5, 1993. 80-98 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The CBS [Central Bureau of Statistics] is developing socio-demographic accounts which aim to provide a composite and dynamic description of the population of the Netherlands along activity, age and sex dimensions. The accounts integrate CBS data on education and employment with demographic data into a coherent system of matrices. The definitions and classifications used coincide to a great extent with CBS coordination practice, but some have been specifically introduced for accounting purposes. Some of the first results are presented, concerning the period 1980-1985."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30769 Latten, Jan J.; Veenstra, Cornelis J. Population statistics, reorientations in a changing society. Population Statistics Reprint, No. 5, 1993. 8-29 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
The authors discuss the impact of changing behavior patterns on methods of data collection and analysis in the Netherlands. "In response to [changes] in society, the CBS [Central Bureau of Statistics] continuously adapts the scope and definitions of its population statistics to support social demographic analysis and interdisciplinary research and to inform governmental policymakers and the public in general. Section 2 starts with a historic overview of the emergence of population statistics. Section 3 deals with the interrelation between societal changes and reorientations from the 1960s to the 1990s. In Section 4 an overview is given of recent developments."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30770 Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]. An assessment of the quality of health data in DHS-I surveys. DHS Methodological Report, No. 2, Jan 1994. xiii, 159 pp. Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
"Survey methodology can have a substantial impact on data quality. This report deals with issues of health data quality in the DHS surveys. Although considerable experience has been gained in the use of fertility and family planning questions, the addition of health questions to a cross-sectional survey was relatively new." Separate consideration is given to data on births, maternity care, child immunization, child morbidity, breast-feeding, anthropometric status of children, and causes of child mortality.
Correspondence: Lisa Longeiret, Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30771 Netherlands. Central Bureau of Statistics (Voorburg, Netherlands). Netherlands official statistics: population statistics. Population Statistics Reprint, No. 5, 1993. 196 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This Reprint of contributions to [the journal] Netherlands Official Statistics, aims to give a clear view of the state of the art of [Central Bureau of Statistics] population statistics....[It] includes a complete list of publications in English by members of the staff of the Department of Population Statistics. It also contains a register on the articles and communications published in the first eight volumes of Netherlands Official Statistics."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Department of Population Statistics, P.O. Box 959, 2270 AZ Voorburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30772 Rouault-Galdo, Dominique. Differences between estimates of the economically active population of France from the census and the annual employment survey: how can the figures be reconciled? [Les ecarts d'estimation de la population active francaise au recensement et a l'enquete annuelle sur l'emploi: d'ou viennent les divergences?] Population, Vol. 48, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1993. 1,683-704 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
"INSEE's estimates of the economically active French population based on the annual Employment Survey published in January 1990 differ considerably from the census results of March 1990....Comparison of the completed survey questionnaires with census schedules of more than 40,000 adults showed that the method of coding the occupation of respondents in the census and the Employment Survey differed considerably. Results from the census showed an excess of 50,000 actively employed individuals and 170,000 unemployed over the figures in the Employment Survey. By contrast 210,000 fewer inactive individuals were enumerated than in the employment survey. A larger number of people described themselves as unemployed on the census form, and more stated that they were actively seeking work, than did so in the presence of an interviewer."
Correspondence: D. Rouault-Galdo, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30773 Vliegen, J. M.; van de Stadt, H. Is a census still necessary? Experiences and alternatives. Population Statistics Reprint, No. 5, 1993. 31-8 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"In the Netherlands the latest Population and Housing Census was taken in 1971. Since then, surveys and administrative register have formed an alternative for the non-availability of a conventional census. The paper describes this alternative, its advantages and disadvantages compared to a census, and its relation to the international comparability of data....The alternative is a statistical programme which is based on the following five data sources: Municipal population registers; Educational registrations; Register of dwellings (to be created); Continuous Labour Force Survey; [and] Housing Demand Survey."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

60:30774 Hertrich, Veronique. The contribution of existing sources to the dating of events: a survey in Mali's Bwa country. Population. English Selection, Vol. 5, 1993. 73-99 pp. Paris, France. In Eng.
"We exploited the sources of information already existing in Mali's Bwa country in order to facilitate the dating of biographical events. Their contribution was multiple: they gave an exact date for a substantial number of births (25%), they provided dating landmarks within the biographies (in two thirds of birth histories, at least one birth could thus be pinpointed), and they made it possible to construct sets of dating references at the family level (lineage calendars). Based on the same principle of chronological classification as the historical calendar, the lineage calendar improves the method by replacing public events by family events with which the respondents are more familiar (births and deaths of kin)."
Correspondence: V. Hertrich, Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30775 Wegman, Myron E. Annual summary of vital statistics--1992. Pediatrics, Vol. 92, No. 6, Dec 1993. 743-54 pp. Elk Grove Village, Illinois. In Eng.
This is a summary of U.S. vital statistics for the year 1992. "A new low in the infant mortality rate was reached in 1992, at 848.7 deaths per 100,000 live births a decline of 5% from 894.4 in 1991. Birth, death, and marriage rates were also lower, but the divorce rate inched up to 4.8 per 1,000 population, the same level as in 1988. The age-adjusted death rate was 504.9 per 100,000 population, the lowest in U.S. history. Natural increase in the population, excess of births over deaths, decreased from 1,941,389 to 1,907,000 from 7.7 to 7.5 per 1,000 population....Birth rates increased at both ends of the age range but declined in the principal childbearing years." Comparisons are made with other developed countries around the world.
For a previous summary for 1991, see 60:20071.
Correspondence: M. E. Wegman, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, 109 South Observatory Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

60:30776 Charlton, John; Wallace, Merryl; White, Ian. Long-term illness: results from the 1991 census. Population Trends, No. 75, Spring 1994. 18-25 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"A question on limiting long-term illness was included in the [Great Britain] Census for the first time in 1991. This article gives an overview of the reasons for including the question and presents a brief analysis of the results. A comparison is made between the Census results and those from the General Household Survey."
Correspondence: J. Charlton, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Health Statistics, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30777 Coeffic, Nicole. The post-enumeration survey of 1990: assessing completeness of enumeration. [L'enquete post-censitaire de 1990: une mesure de l'exhaustivite du recensement.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1993. 1,655-81 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"In 1990, INSEE again undertook a post-census survey similar to that which had already been used to assess completeness of enumeration in 1962. In a sample of areas, the population was carefully counted and all the places in which individuals were likely to have been omitted or counted twice...were investigated. These results were compared with the census to assess the rate of omissions and double counting. An omission rate of about 1.8 per cent and double counting of about 0.7 per cent were found. The errors were concentrated in the same section of the population: those who were most mobile and difficult to locate. These are more often men than women, young rather than middle-aged or elderly, foreigners rather than French citizens."
Correspondence: N. Coeffic, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30778 Entin, Jonathan L. Legal considerations in census planning. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 157-65 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This paper seeks to illuminate the legal constraints within which the U.S. census functions. Part I discusses the method for allocating seats in the House of Representatives, the principal constitutional purpose for taking the census. Part II discusses other legal issues that have arisen with respect to the accuracy of the population count. Part III considers the legality of proposals to replace the current enumeration with large-scale sample surveys in an effort to overcome some seemingly intractable difficulties with the modern census."
Correspondence: J. L. Entin, Case Western Reserve University, School of Law, 11075 East Boulevard, Cleveland, OH 44106-7148. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30779 Laroche, Benoit. The future of population census. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 151-5 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
Problems in census data collection and analysis are explored. The focus is on what percent of the world is covered by a census, census costs, and public attitude toward censuses.
Correspondence: B. Laroche, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

60:30780 Landers, Alynne; McNiff, Melissa. Comparability of questionnaires. DHS Methodological Report, No. 4, Jun 1994. 91 pp. Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report documents the contents of questionnaires used in 27 surveys conducted under Phase I of the Demographic and Health Surveys Program. The report consists of a collection of tables containing information on the inclusion and wording of questions and their deviations from the Model 'A' and Model 'B' (or core) questionnaires. The tables are intended to be useful to those carrying out analyses, especially comparative analyses, of DHS data files. A description of each set of tables is provided....." The document is in loose-leaf binder format to facilitate the inclusion of updates. The geographical focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30781 Population Council (New York, New York). Niger 1992: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 25, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1994. 129-33 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1992 Niger Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 5,242 households and 6,503 women aged 15-49. Tabular data are provided on population characteristics, fertility, fertility preferences, contraception knowledge and use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, prevention and treatment of disease, and nutritional status.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1994-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.