60:20637 Devi, D.
Radha. Status of women in India: a comparison by
state. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 8, No. 4, Dec 1993.
59-77 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"Three types of comparison are attempted in this paper: (a) an inter-state comparison of the status of women [in India], (b) an intra-state comparison of the status of women vis-a-vis that of men in each State, and (c) a comparison of status of women in relation to overall development....[The analysis] uses secondary data....In all, 28 variables are considered; they reflect the status dimensions of education, employment, health, demographic situation and overall development."
Correspondence: D. R. Devi, International Institute for Population Sciences, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Bombay 400 088, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Almaz. Population and women in development: gender issues
in the context of population and development. African Development
Review/Revue Africaine de Developpement, Vol. 4, No. 2, Dec 1992.
79-117 pp. Abidjan, Ivory Coast. In Eng.
"The objective of this paper is to examine women's productive and reproductive roles and their intricate linkages and the interplay with the demographic variables of population and development. Although these interactions...are not yet fully understood, attempts will be made utilizing available data and literature to make an analysis of the linkages and interplays that exist between population variables with factors associated with the role, status and participation of women in the social and economic lives of African societies....The paper will analyze the linkages and integrate the implications for population policies and programmes towards the enhancement of women's role and status and their participation in the development process."
Correspondence: A. Eshete, Addis Ababa University, Center for Research, Training and Information for Women in Development, P.O.B. 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Location: Cornell University, NYSSILR Extension, New York, NY.
Tony. Population, education and sustainable
development. African Development Review/Revue Africaine de
Developpement, Vol. 4, No. 2, Dec 1992. 201-35 pp. Abidjan, Ivory
Coast. In Eng.
The author examines the interrelationships between population growth and education, with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. "The gross body of evidence suggests that for all developing regions (and for sub-saharan Africa specifically) rapid population growth deleteriously impacts upon the quantity and quality of schooling. In a reciprocal fashion, the variables which underpin rapid and differential growth (fertility, mortality and migration) are themselves influenced by quantum of formal schooling and by other educational processes."
Location: Cornell University, NYSSILR Extension, New York, NY.
Jiang. Parity and security: a simulation study of
population aging, kinship network, and old age security in China.
Pub. Order No. DA9330627. 1992. 185 pp. University Microfilms
International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study examines whether China's family-support system will be able to accommodate the rapid increase in the elderly population, and what social security policies for the aged will be needed in a period of rapid demographic change. It was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of California at Berkeley.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 54(6).
K.; Azuh, Dominic E.; Koshy, A. K.; Jayasree, R. Culture
and population growth: perspectives from developing countries.
In: Readings in population research: policy, methods and perspectives,
edited by P. Krishnan, Chi-Hsien Tuan, and Kuttan Mahadevan. 1992.
351-72 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The factors considered in the present paper are the determinants of population growth [in India,] which include most of the major cultural factors, and also a number of important social factors which may influence both fertility and mortality patterns." Aspects considered include religion, caste, ethnicity, value of children, age at marriage, status of women, breast-feeding, and socioeconomic status.
Correspondence: K. Mahadevan, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jean. Education. In: The changing population of
Europe, edited by Daniel Noin and Robert Woods. 1993. 127-34 pp.
Blackwell: Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author discusses the evolution and structure of educational systems in the European Community, with a focus on several questions: "How do...social and political ambitions translate statistically within the European Community (EC)? How has education evolved in Europe and what form does its contemporary structure take? Setting aside the intentions of individual countries, can convergent trends in educational policies be observed in the Community?"
Correspondence: J. Renard, University of Lille, Department of Geography, 42 rue Paul Duez, 59800 Lille, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Vaida D.; Tashakkori, Abbas. Another look at heredity and
environment as shapers of the person: a proximal-distal framework for
consideration. Advances in Population: Psychosocial Perspectives,
Vol. 1, 1993. 57-84 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania/London, England. In
"An important psychological question addressed by population researchers pertains to what causes us to be what we are--what might predict reliably to intelligence, interpersonal style, or other aspects of the psycho-social being. The goal of this paper is not to propose or rule out various causal factors, but rather to offer a developmental perspective that may provide a greater understanding of the ways in which distal and proximal factors might influence such processes throughout the life span. We will begin by reviewing some major approaches and will then attempt to meld these into a developmental perspective....We offer some inferences we have derived from a review of literature pertaining to four stages of development: infancy and early childhood; pre-school and kindergarten; first through sixth grades; and sixth grade through high school."
Correspondence: V. D. Thompson, University of North Carolina, Department of Psychology, Chapel Hill, NC 27599. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Susana. Social stratification, population dynamic and
informalization: the Argentine experience. In: International
Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal
1993, Volume 2. 1993. 449-66 pp. International Union for the Scientific
Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This article analyzes...the evolution of the Argentine social structure during the period 1945-1983....The informalization of the labour market that takes place in Argentina during that period, as well as its relation to the changes operated in the social stratification profile are analyzed here. Our main objective is to study the social welfare and the differential population dynamic of different social classes and strata--with particular reference to those of a high informal component--as they appear crystallized by 1980. The results will be then interpreted in terms of the hypothesis of 'intergenerational transference of poverty'."
Correspondence: S. Torrado, Charcas 2556, 7o piso, Depto. 30, 1425 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
William A. V.; Morrison, Peter A. Demographic
underpinnings of political empowerment in multi-minority cities.
RAND Paper, No. P-7843, 1993. 32 pp. RAND: Santa Monica, California. In
Issues concerning the political empowerment of ethnic and racial minorities in the United States are examined. Two alternative approaches are identified: dominance, involving the development of geographical districts in which the minority in question has majority status, and influence, in which the minority is spread among several districts in significant but less than majority status. The consequences of the two alternatives are discussed.
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1993 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Merrill. The politics of AIDS. Social Science and
Medicine, Vol. 38, No. 10, May 1994. 1,321-4 pp. Tarrytown, New
York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This short paper introduces three papers on the politics of AIDS. "This set of papers [explores] underlying political dimensions of the AIDS pandemic, especially...the way the pandemic has been constructed by epidemiology, biomedicine, and medical anthropology. Authored by a group of medical anthropologists and an anthropologically oriented political scientist, the papers provide a jarring glimpse at the profound influence of society on health and disease." The AIDS situation in Haiti, and particularly the response of Western authorities to the epidemic there are used to illustrate.
Correspondence: M. Singer, Hispanic Health Council, 98 Cedar Street, Hartford, CT 06106. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Abdel-Azeem, Farouk; Farid Samir, M.; Khalifa, Atef M.
Egypt Maternal and Child Health Survey, 1991. 1993. xl, 477
pp. Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics: Cairo,
Egypt; League of Arab States, Pan Arab Project for Child Development:
Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"This report presents a detailed analysis of the results of the 1991 Egypt Maternal and Child Health Survey (EMCHS). The report provides a detailed account of the bio-demographic, environmental and socio-economic determinants of maternal and child health in Egypt. It also identifies the salient features of the diversity in health patterns and in preference and behaviour, and examines the way in which social and economic modernization in Egypt has shaped these patterns and affected the underlying processes." The report includes chapters on adult and maternal mortality, maternity care, marriage patterns, fertility patterns, family planning, family size desires and contraceptive intentions, infant and child mortality, the prevalence of infectious diseases in children, environmental conditions and health, accidents and disability, nutritional status of children, breast-feeding and weaning practices, immunization, and curative measures.
Correspondence: Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, Salah Salem Road, P.O.B. 2086, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ala'din A. S. Cardiovascular diseases in the eastern
Mediterranean region. World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport
Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 46, No. 2, 1993.
97-100 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author examines morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular diseases in the eastern Mediterranean region, with a focus on coronary heart disease, hypertension, and rheumatic heart disease.
Correspondence: A. A. S. Alwan, World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Division for Noncommunicable Diseases, Alexandria, Egypt. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Philippe; Ba, Amadou. Mortality and health in African
towns. [Mortalite et sante dans les villes africaines.] Afrique
Contemporaine, No. 168, Oct-Dec 1993. 138-46 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
An analysis of current conditions concerning health and mortality in the towns and cities of Sub-Saharan Africa is presented. The authors first examine mortality differentials between rural and urban areas and their causes. They next look at intra-urban mortality differentials and health issues in general by considering health practices, malaria, and AIDS. They use these three approaches to sum up the consequences of the current urban health crisis in Africa and to assess the health status of urban residents in general.
Correspondence: P. Antoine, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, C.P. 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
60:20650 Basu, Alaka
M. How pervasive are sex differentials in childhood
nutritional levels in south Asia? Social Biology, Vol. 40, No.
1-2, Spring-Summer 1993. 25-37 pp. Port Angeles, Washington. In Eng.
"This paper considers the assumption that there are widespread sex differentials in the household allocation of food in South Asia. From primary field data [from India] and a critical review of the existing literature, it concludes that we have no reason to believe that girls in this region invariably get an unfair deal in the matter of nutrition, even in those areas where sex differentials in child mortality are the most acute. Too much of the research to support such a contention starts with the biased view that gender differences in nutritional status must exist. It is pointed out in this paper that a new look at this issue is essential if we are to use scarce resources most effectively to fight gender inequalities."
Correspondence: A. M. Basu, Delhi University, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi 100 007, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Niels G.; Egerton, Les R. A transmission model for HIV
with application to the Australian epidemic. Mathematical
Biosciences, Vol. 119, No. 2, Feb 1994. 205-24 pp. New York, New York.
"An age-specific transmission model is proposed to describe the spread of HIV in a homosexual population. The model incorporates developments in the treatment of patients and the change in the surveillance definition of AIDS. The model is applied to the Australian epidemic with the aim of determining the extent of behavioral changes during the epidemic and assessing the extent to which therapy has changed the course of the epidemic. It is found that therapy and the adoption of totally safe sex practices by individuals who have tested HIV positive cannot explain the recent downturn in the rate of increase of observed AIDS incidence. A significant change in behavior within the general homosexual community is indicated."
Correspondence: N. G. Becker, La Trobe University, Department of Statistics, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).
Steve; Singh, Tejinder P.; Gibbons, J.; Fordyce, E. James; Lessner,
Lawrence; Chiasson, Mary A.; Weisfuse, Isaac B.; Thomas, Pauline
A. Trends in survival among persons with acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome in New York City: the experience of the
first decade of the epidemic. American Journal of Epidemiology,
Vol. 139, No. 4, Feb 15, 1994. 351-61 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"This study examined survival trends among the 23,324 cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) meeting the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) definition that were diagnosed and reported to the New York City Department of Health from the beginning of the epidemic in 1980 through June 1989....Results of two- and three-way categorical analysis and logistic regression analysis are reported. Overall median survival time was 13.7 months (14.0 for males and 12.0 for females). Survival was better for whites than for blacks and Hispanics and was better for men who had sex with men than for injecting drug users. Each of the seven demographic and risk behavior factors was independently associated with survival. Trends in survival during three time periods indicated that survival is improving among all groups examined."
Correspondence: P. A. Thomas, New York City Department of Health, Office of AIDS Surveillance, 346 Broadway, Room 706, New York, NY 10013. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).
John C.; Caldwell, Pat. The nature and limits of the
Sub-Saharan African AIDS epidemic: evidence from geographic and other
patterns. Population and Development Review, Vol. 19, No. 4, Dec
1993. 817-48, 906-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre;
The authors examine "the high level of heterosexual transmission of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa and the very different levels of infection (but not of modes of transmission) in various parts of the region and within the same country: particularly, in most countries, between urban and rural populations....This investigation will focus on these differentials in the intensity of the epidemic, relate them to biomedical explanations, and assess the extent to which these explanations fit in with the findings of social research. It will also address the question whether these differentials reflect only the diffusion of the disease or whether they provide evidence of the likelihood of very different equilibrium levels for the infection. And it will examine the question whether the least-affected areas are somehow different...."
Correspondence: J. C. Caldwell, Australian National University, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Health Transition Centre, G.P.O. 4, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Republic. Czech Statistical Office (Prague, Czech Republic); Factum,
non Fabula (Prague, Czech Republic); World Health Organization [WHO].
Collaborating Center for Perinatal Medicine (Prague, Czech Republic);
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]
(Atlanta, Georgia). 1993 Czech Republic Reproductive
Health Survey: preliminary report. Jan 1994. 11,  pp. U.S.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]: Atlanta, Georgia. In
Preliminary results are presented from a survey involving a nationally representative sample of about 4,500 women on reproduction and women's health carried out in the Czech Republic in 1993. Chapters are included on characteristics of the survey population; fertility; contraception; young women's sexual experience; maternal and child health and use of services; health behavior, knowledge, and attitudes; and knowledge of HIV/AIDS.
Correspondence: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nixola A. S. A study of the impact of prenatal care on low
birth weight. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper,
No. WPS 94-113, Dec 1993. 16,  pp. Florida State University, College
of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee,
Florida. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent to which adequacy of prenatal care affects birth weight, while controlling for behavioral, medical, and sociodemographic factors....Data are taken from the 1988 [U.S.] National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. The data are assessed using logistic regression and multivariate regression techniques."
Correspondence: Monica Boyd, Editor, Working Paper Series, Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Beatrice; Spira, Alfred. AIDS prevention behavior:
prevalence and conducive factors. [Les comportements de prevention
du SIDA: prevalence et facteurs favorisants.] Population, Vol. 48, No.
5, Sep-Oct 1993. 1,479-503 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng;
The authors investigate changes in sexual behavior that have taken place as a result of the threat of AIDS, using data from the 1992 Survey on Sexual Behavior in France. "The most frequently mentioned changes are greater selectiveness and reduction in the number of sexual partners. Persons most likely to have changed their behaviour are those who do not live as a couple, those who have had a large number of partners in the past, and those who admit having suffered from a sexually transmitted disease....Having one or several confidants with whom very private matters can be discussed makes people more conscious of the risk of infection and stimulates preventive behaviour."
Correspondence: B. Ducot, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Unit 292, Hopital Bicetre, 78 rue du General Leclerc, 94275 Le Kremlin Bicetre, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Elfindri. Nutritional status of elementary
school-age children in a rural population. [Efek Komposisi
demografis rumah tangga terhadap status gizi anak kelas 1 sekolah
dasar.] Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography,
Vol. 20, No. 39, Jun 1993. 31-49 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Ind. with
sum. in Eng.
"This study attempts to analyze the variables of nutritional status found among children of elementary school age in West Sumatra [Indonesia] by utilizing...rural household data. The nutritional status under observation was that of...children [in] the 1st year [of] elementary school and was based on the correlation of the physical height and the standard age. The findings show that there is a difference in the nutritional status between male and female children which was accounted for by...family composition."
Correspondence: Elfindri, Universitas Andalas, Pusat Studi Kependudukan, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan 77, Padang, 25163 West Sumatra, Indonesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Friedlander, Nancylee J. Reproductive success,
postreproductive health, and survivorship in a southern California
community. Pub. Order No. DA9331068. 1993. 436 pp. University
Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study examines the relationship between reproduction and later-life health and survival using data for several thousand men and women from a white, upper-middle-class community in southern California. The results indicate that childbearing may decrease women's chances of surviving in later life. The study was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation at Harvard University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 54(6).
Joan H.; Chou, Danny Y. Dissent in science: styles of
scientific practice and the controversy over the cause of AIDS.
Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 38, No. 8, Apr 1994. 1,017-36 pp.
Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In this paper, we discuss aspects of the different styles of practice constructed and deployed by opponents in a controversy surrounding the etiology of AIDS to understand how the same data are interpreted in different ways to support diametrically opposed views. We also introduce a style of practice that we call 'epidemiological' which is used by AIDS researchers to confirm the theory that HIV causes AIDS. We give an account of the co-construction of this theory and the rules and practices for its verification."
Correspondence: J. H. Fujimura, Stanford University, Department of Anthropology and History, Stanford, CA 94305. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Peter E. Patterns of industrialization: health
consequences. In: International Population Conference/Congres
International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 2. 1993. 355-64
pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]:
Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author briefly reviews papers presented at a conference session concerning patterns of industrialization and their health consequences worldwide.
Correspondence: P. E. Jozan, Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly Utca 5-7, 1525 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
60:20661 Le Pont,
Francoise. Estimating a model for forecasting the spread
of HIV infection in France, based on the ACSF survey. [Vers un
modele previsionnel de developpement de l'infection VIH en France a
partir de l'enquete ACSF.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993.
1,535-50 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"In this chapter an estimated model of the AIDS epidemic is presented. It takes into account the socio-demographic characteristics of each individual, whose life-history is described by a series of events, e.g. encountering a partner, or being diagnosed as suffering from AIDS. By relating this to a classic mathematical model for sub-populations, the individual approach makes it possible to take account of the variability of sexual behaviour, documented in the ACSF survey [of sexual behavior in France], as well as the initial structure of the sexual network that the individual belongs to...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jean-Paul; Beltzer, Nathalie; Dab, William. Methods of
analyzing unsafe behavior in the face of HIV infection: the limits of
rationality. [Les modeles d'analyse des comportements a risque
face a l'infection a VIH: une conception trop etroite de la
rationalite.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993. 1,505-34 pp.
Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The international literature that deals with the determinants of exposure to the risk of sexual transmission of HIV has been dominated by existing social-psychological models....This paper points out the limitations of these models....It shows that they have relied implicitly on a reductionist notion of individual rationality, in which rationality is equated with complete avoidance of risk and with concern for absolute safety. Comparing these social-psychological models with models of expected utility--standard in the micro-economic analysis of behaviour under conditions of risks and uncertainty--and applying this theory to ACSF survey data [for France], makes it possible to identify other underlying reasons for the persistence of individual exposure to the risk of sexually transmitted HIV...."
Correspondence: N. Beltzer, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Unite de Recherches U-357, 101 rue de Tolbiac, 75654 Paris Cedex 13, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Denis; Isham, Valerie; Grenfell, Bryan. Epidemics: models
and data. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A:
Statistics in Society, Vol. 157, No. 1, 1994. 115-49 pp. London,
England. In Eng.
"The problems of understanding and controlling disease raise a range of challenging mathematical and statistical research topics, from broad theoretical issues to specific practical ones. In particular, recent interest in acquired immune deficiency syndrome has stimulated much progress in diverse areas of epidemic modelling, particularly with regard to the treatment of heterogeneity, both between individuals and in mixing of subgroups of the population. At the same time better data and data analysis techniques have become available, and there have been exciting developments in relevant theory....This progress in specific areas is now being matched by interdisciplinary cooperation aimed at elucidating relationships between the widely varying types of model that have been found useful, to determine their strengths and limitations in relation to basic aims such as understanding, prediction, and evaluation and implementation of control strategies."
Correspondence: D. Mollison, Heriot-Watt University, Department of Actuarial Mathematics and Statistics, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Walinjom F. T. Cardiovascular disorders in Africa.
World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques
Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 46, No. 2, 1993. 125-33 pp. Geneva,
Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The availability of basic and reliable data on cardiovascular problems in Africans is limited and this hinders the presentation of a comprehensive review of the subject. Nevertheless, there is a strong suggestion that the spectrum and pattern of cardiovascular disorders in Africa is rapidly becoming indistinguishable from that observed in developed countries. The classic risk factors appear to be on the rise and smoking may attain levels equal to or exceeding those in many developed countries."
Correspondence: W. F. T. Muna, University of Yaounde, General Hospital of Yaounde, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Internal Medicine and Cardiology, B.P. 337, Yaounde, Cameroon. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
60:20665 Murthy, M.
S. R. Industrialization and urbanization and health
consequences in a mixed economy set-up: a case study of India.
In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la
Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 2. 1993. 399-408 pp. International
Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium.
The author analyzes urbanization and industrialization patterns in India, with a focus on health consequences. Aspects considered include population size and density, employment, transport, housing, water supply, sanitation, health care, and pollution. The impact of increased development on population growth, fertility, and mortality is briefly discussed.
Correspondence: M. S. R. Murthy, Sri Venkateswara University, Department of Population Studies, District Chittoor, Tirupati 517 502, Andhra Pradesh 20116, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Carla M. Culture, maternal health care, and women's
status: a comparison of Morocco and Tunisia. Studies in Family
Planning, Vol. 24, No. 6, Pt. 1, Nov-Dec 1993. 354-65 pp. New York, New
York. In Eng.
"This report assesses the role of demographic, socioeconomic, and cultural factors in explaining differentials in maternal health-care use in North Africa. Analyses of the Demographic and Health Surveys for Morocco and Tunisia show substantial differences in the use of prenatal care and in the proportion of home compared with hospital births, both within and between the two countries. The findings raise the question of whether lower use rates are a reflection of the low status of women. The question is addressed first through a statistical analysis of the differences within the two countries in terms of the demographic, socioeconomic, and educational characteristics of individuals, and second, through a comparison of the social context, health-care systems, and population policies of the two countries. The findings are interpreted in light of field research on the cultural context of maternal health care."
Correspondence: C. M. Obermeyer, Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Population and International Health, 655 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
In-Hwa. Population aging and its health implications in
Korea. Journal of Population, Health and Social Welfare, Vol. 13,
No. 2, Dec 1993. 96-111 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Eng. with
sum. in Kor.
The author discusses the health implications of population aging in the Republic of Korea. "The aging of [the] Korean population, until recently, has remained in its early stage, and Korea is expected to enjoy 'a golden period' of lower age dependency ratio by the early 2020s. Accordingly, little attention has been focused on the health issues and problems associated with these demographic changes toward aging in Korea. But the changing demographic structure...will proceed with a relatively high tempo in the next decades....Therefore it is stressed that 'the reserved years' of lower dependency, before population aging becomes a substantial public and private burden in Korean demographic context, must be fully utilized to formulate effective policies and counter-measures in health and welfare sectors, on which the greatest impacts of aging will fall."
Correspondence: I.-H. Park, Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, Health Research Division, San 42-14, Bulgwang-dong, Eunpyung-ku, Seoul 122-040, Republic of Korea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Domingo; Fennelly, Katherine; Beard, John; Robinovich, Jorge.
Effects of maternal age on infant outcomes: evidence from
Chile. Population Research Institute Working Paper, No. 1994-04,
Jan 1994. 16,  pp. Pennsylvania State University: University Park,
Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"The purpose of this study was to compare the pregnancy outcomes and the growth and development of infants of adolescent and older mothers in a Latin American setting in which young mothers received aggressive prenatal care, and in which breast feeding behavior of all women was strongly encouraged and recorded." The data concern 200 women of low socioeconomic status and were collected at a hospital in Santiago, Chile, in 1992-1993. The results indicate that "among women of similar socioeconomic status, parity and access to adequate medical attention, the frequently observed differences in birth outcomes between adolescent and older mothers disappear."
Correspondence: Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute, 601 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA 16802-6411. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
G. Geographical distribution of HIV 1 infection in Central
Africa: remarkable discontinuities. [Image geographique de
l'infection a VIH 1 en Afrique Centrale: des discontinuites
remarquables.] Annales de la Societe Belge de Medecine Tropicale, Vol.
73, No. 2, 1993. 127-42 pp. Antwerp, Belgium. In Fre. with sum. in Eng;
The author describes the geographical distribution of HIV 1 infection in central Africa. "The geographical distribution of the infection in the global population is heterogeneous. Ever since the first surveys, the virus [has been] widely spread at low level, in the rural as well as in the urban areas....The epidemiological discontinuities noticeable across Central Africa may represent different stages of the same process or be connected to the [stage] of different eco-epidemiological systems."
Correspondence: G. Remy, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 2 rue de la Charite, 13002 Marseilles, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
James C. Geographical variation in health experience in
Britain, 1872-1910. In: International Population
Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993,
Volume 2. 1993. 383-98 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study
of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This paper's aim is to reconstruct regional variations in health and mortality [in Great Britain] and to distinguish areas where health experience, measured by mortality and morbidity...,differed from national averages." Data are from "a series of annual reports from local units of large fraternal insurer, the Ancient Order of Foresters (AOF), in the period 1872-1910."
Correspondence: J. C. Riley, Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training, Memorial Hall East 220, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
James C. Understanding morbidity change: comment on an
article by Murray and Chen. Population and Development Review,
Vol. 19, No. 4, Dec 1993. 807-15 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author critically examines an article by Christopher Murray and Lincoln Chen in which they develop a conceptual framework for understanding morbidity change. Two aspects of the framework are addressed: "First, the distinction Murray and Chen wish to make between self-perceived and observed morbidity cannot be sustained in practice. Second, by concentrating on the distinction between self-perception and observation, Murray and Chen fail to take into account the importance of the temporal aspect of sickness, a feature absent from mortality." A reply by Murray and Chen is included (pp. 812-5).
For the article by Murray and Chen, published in 1992, see 59:10723.
Correspondence: J. C. Riley, Indiana University, Population Institute, Memorial Hall East 220, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Michele G.; Oliver, Denise. Prostitution and HIV risk
behavior. Advances in Population: Psychosocial Perspectives, Vol.
1, 1993. 157-72 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania/London, England. In Eng.
The authors discuss prostitution as a high-risk behavior for HIV infection and transmission, using data from interviews with prostitutes in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and New York City. "The primary objective is to share some of the information gained in research interviews and street work so that it can be utilized to assist efforts at reaching such high risk behavior populations with appropriate AIDS prevention information, testing, counseling and health services." Factors considered include prostitute characteristics, the pimp, perceived roles of the prostitute, power and control, risky sexual practices, and knowledge, attitudes, and behavior relating to AIDS.
Correspondence: M. G. Shedlin, Sociomedical Resource Associates, Westport, CT. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
60:20673 Taha, T.
E.; Gray, R. H.; Abdelwahab, M. M.; Abdelhafeez, A. R.
Distribution and determinants of low birth weight in Central
Sudan. Johns Hopkins Population Center Papers on Population, No.
WP 94-04, . 24 pp. Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene
and Public Health, Population Center: Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
The results of a study of low birth weight in Central Sudan, based on data from two studies involving some 6,400 births in 1989 and 1990, are presented. "Two important and modifiable predictors of term and pre-term low birth weight were low maternal weight and malaria infection during pregnancy. Other risk factors included low socioeconomic status...."
Correspondence: Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Population Center, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room 2300, Baltimore, MD 21205-2179. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Stefano; Chiesi, Antonio; Volpi, Antonio; Guiliano, Marina; Floridia,
Marco; Dally, Leonard G.; Binkin, Nancy. Differential
survival of patients with AIDS according to the 1987 and 1993 CDC case
definitions. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association,
Vol. 271, No. 15, Apr 20, 1994. 1,197-9 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The authors "evaluate the impact of the 1993 [U.S.] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised classification system for human immunodeficiency virus and expanded surveillance case definition for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) on the number of cases and on survival of patients with AIDS....A total of 3,515 patients enrolled in the Italian National Registry of Zidovudine-Treated Patients between July 1987 and December 1991 were analyzed....According to the new classification system, the number of AIDS cases in the study population would increase by 188%. While the median survival of patients meeting the 1987 definition was 24 months, at the end of 57 months 53% of patients meeting the 1993 definition were still alive. Among the patients meeting the laboratory criteria for AIDS diagnosis using the new definition...the presence of an AIDS-defining illness was a strong independent predictor of death."
Correspondence: S. Vella, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).
60:20675 Tas, R. F.
J. Multiple births in the Netherlands, 1900-1993.
[Meerlingen in Nederland, 1900-1993.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking,
Vol. 42, No. 2, 1994. 20-1 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum.
Data on multiple births in the Netherlands since 1900 are examined. It is noted that "since 1975 the number of multiple births is increasing rather strongly, partly under the influence of the application of modern medical technology (e.g. hormone treatment) to infertility problems...." Age distribution by sex among paternal and fraternal twins living in the Netherlands is also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).