Volume 60 - Number 2 - Summer 1994

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

60:20512 Benedictow, Ole J. The medieval demographic system of the Nordic countries. ISBN 82-91114-01-3. 1993. 229 pp. Middelalderforlaget: Oslo, Norway. In Eng.
This is a general study of the demographics of the Nordic countries in medieval times. Data are primarily from 15 osteo-archeological studies of medieval cemeteries carried out in recent decades. "The author concludes that the demographic system of the Nordic countries must have been qualitatively different from the early modern demographic regime. It is, among other things, distinguished by considerably higher mortality, lower life expectancy, higher nuptiality, lower age at marriage, especially for females, and higher fertility. This shows that the transformation from medieval society to (early) modern Europe comprised profound changes not only in economic, social and political structures, but also in the basic demographic pattern."
Correspondence: Middelalderforlaget, P.O. Box 80, Blindern, 0314 Oslo, Norway. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20513 Societa Italiana di Demografia Storica [SIDES] (Bologna, Italy). The population of the Italian countryside in the modern era. [La popolazione delle campagne italiane in eta moderna.] 1993. xiv, 675 pp. Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice [CLUEB]: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
These are the proceedings of a conference held in Turin, Italy, on December 3-5, 1987. The volume is divided into three sections. The first looks at the structure and dynamics of specific rural populations in relation to available land resources and infrastructures in various regions of Italy from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. The second looks at how populations evolved differently in response to factors affecting social structure. The third section presents some international comparisons with other European countries.
Correspondence: Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice, Via Marsala 24, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

60:20514 Breschi, Marco; De Santis, Gustavo. Toward a new use of the State of Souls: the own-children method and its application to historical demography. [Verso una nuova utilizzazione degli Stati delle Anime: il metodo dei figli propri e una sua applicazione in demografia storica.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 17, 1992. 7-46 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The authors describe the application of the own-children method of fertility analysis to nineteenth-century data from the ecclesiastical records known as the State of Souls. An example is given using data from 1841 concerning Treppio, in Tuscany, Italy.
Correspondence: M. Breschi, Via B. Sestini 26, 51100 Pistoia, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20515 Buccianti, Cinzia. Fertility in Tuscany in the mid-nineteenth century: an application of the own-children method. [Levelli di fecondita nella Toscana a meta '800: un' applicazione del metodo "own children"] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 17, 1992. 71-82 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The own-children method of fertility analysis is described and illustrated using nineteenth-century data for selected areas in Tuscany, Italy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20516 Reher, David S.; Schofield, Roger. Old and new methods in historical demography. ISBN 0-19-828793-3. LC 93-6635. 1993. vii, 426 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
This publication presents a selection of papers explaining a variety of techniques used in the analysis of historical demographic data. "The papers in this volume are divided into groups. The first group tackles the issues and challenges of time series analysis and other approaches to population reconstruction. The second group deals with different methods of family reconstitution and the problems of following life histories, while the third group of papers tackles the analytical technique of event history analysis, using data ranging from nineteenth-century French migration history to economic and temperature fluctuations in Sweden. The fourth group of papers addresses the basic parameters of different historical processes, while other papers advance new ideas on sources of data, from the computerized U.S. census returns to the Qing Imperial Lineage in China."
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford 0X2 6DP, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

60:20517 Rossi, Fiorenzo. The use of the own-children method in historical demography. [L'uso del metodo dei figli propri in demografia storica.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 17, 1992. 47-69 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The applicability of the own-children method of fertility analysis using historical data is examined. The focus is on data from the State of Souls, ecclesiastical records available in certain Catholic countries. An example is given using data from the Italian parish of Crespino in the province of Rovigo for the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Correspondence: F. Rossi, Universita de Padova, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via San Francesco 33, 35121 Padua, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20518 Ruggles, Steven. Confessions of a microsimulator: problems in modeling the demography of kinship. Historical Methods, Vol. 26, No. 4, Fall 1993. 161-9 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author discusses problems involved in modeling the effects of demographic factors on historical kinship patterns, with a focus on microsimulation models. "Since microsimulations of kinship ignore the correlations in demographic behavior within kin groups, they ordinarily understate the variance of kinship distributions; for many kin types, they also underestimate the expected number of kin." The author concludes that "those who design demographic models of kinship should be sensitive to the potential for systematic error."
Correspondence: S. Ruggles, University of Minnesota, Department of History, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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