Volume 60 - Number 1 - Spring 1994

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

60:10674 African Development Bank Group (Abidjan, Ivory Coast). Population policies for sustainable economic and social development in Africa. [1992?]. 103, [3] pp. Abidjan, Ivory Coast. In Eng.
This is a report from the 1992 Annual Meeting Symposium of the African Development Bank Group, held in Dakar, Senegal, May 11, 1992. The subject of the meeting was population policy for sustainable economic and social development in Africa. The report consists of seven presentations by both African and non-African experts on aspects of population policy including human resource development, poverty, and women in development; agricultural and rural development; population policy in the African sociocultural context; environmental issues; and demographic trends and their policy implications.
Correspondence: African Development Bank Group, B.P. 1387, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10675 Avramov, Dragana. Child care, school time schedules and professional activity of parents. In: European population. Volume 2: demographic dynamics, edited by Alain Blum and Jean-Louis Rallu. 1993. 343-69 pp. John Libbey Eurotext: Montrouge, France. In Eng.
The author reviews the literature on child care issues in Europe, with a focus on policy approaches taken by different countries to aid working parents. The impact of national programs on fertility levels is also assessed.
Correspondence: D. Avramov, Institute of Social Sciences, Svetog Save 22a, 11000 Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

60:10680 Badelt, Christoph. "Parents' salary" and "freedom of choice" between paid and unpaid work: empirical results of a controversial concept. ["Erziehungsgeld" und "Wahlfreiheit" zwischen Erwerbs- und Familienarbeit: empirische Evidenz zu einem kontroversiellen Konzept.] Demographische Informationen, 1992-1993. 5-15, 155 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
The author summarizes results from a study on the impact of a parents' salary in Vorarlburg, a province in western Austria. "According to this concept parents are 'paid' by the government for taking care of their children during the first years after birth, while giving up paid work in the labour market. Critics oppose this concept because of its potentially negative implications for the labour force participation of women....It is shown that the public transfer payment substantially improves the financial situation of the families involved but also affects the distribution of money and power between the spouses within the households. Moreover, it is pointed out that the payment of a parents' salary itself has 'asymmetrical' effects, which could be balanced if more efforts were made to improve the child care facilities for children under three."
Correspondence: C. Badelt, Wirtschaftsuniversitat Wien, Wirtschafts- und Sozialpolitik, Augasse 2-6, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10681 Mezei, Smaranda. Policy regulation and demographic behaviour. Romanian population policy and its consequences. Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 79, 1993. 57-68 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Eng.
The effect of population policy in Romania up to 1989 is discussed. The author finds that "Romania's population policy up to 1989, for which any contraceptive method was illegal and punished, and where as a consequence there was a severe control of information regarding family planning,...had a real and very important impact on attitudes and behaviour...[and] on health, especially on that of women and children." Data on deaths from illegal abortion, maternal mortality, and child abandonment are presented.
Correspondence: S. Mezei, Institute of Sociology, Bucharest, Romania. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

60:10686 Daniels, Roger. United States policy towards Asian immigrants: contemporary developments in historical perspective. International Journal, Vol. 48, No. 2, Spring 1993. 310-34 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
The author presents a brief history of U.S. migration policy concerning migrants from Asia to the United States. Data are from official and other published sources, with special consideration to data from the 1990 census.
Correspondence: R. Daniels, University of Cincinnati, Department of History, Cincinnati, OH 45221. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

60:10687 Fibbi, Rosita. Continuities and changes in Swiss migration policy. [Continuites et changements dans la politique migratoire suisse.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Soziologie/Revue Suisse de Sociologie, Vol. 19, No. 1, Mar 1993. 47-64, 284 pp. Zurich, Switzerland. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"In May 1991 the Swiss Federal Government...submitted to the Parliament some proposals aiming at reshaping the immigration policy. In this article, we give an overview of the current re-organisation of policy, we analyse the underlying logic of the adopted measures as well as their possible consequences, and we try to show how the policy towards foreigners interferes with the policy towards refugees and asylum-seekers. We describe the political and economic motivations behind the changes in policy....We show how immigration policy and asylum policy have become gradually incompatible....The contradiction is obvious in three aspects of the current policy: the ethnic selection, the selection according to occupations, and the legitimation of the selection."
Correspondence: R. Fibbi, Universite de Lausanne, Institut d'Anthropologie et Sociologie, BFSH2, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

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