Alessandro. New World perspectives on population and
development: symposium on the 5th centenary of the discovery of
America. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1993.
293-373 pp. Springer International: New York, New York/Berlin, Germany.
"The papers enclosed in this Symposium [issue] are among those accepted for presentation at the ESPE Seminar held in Veracruz (Mexico), on 18-23 May 1992, to mark the Fifth Centenary of Cristoforo Colombo's landing on the new continent."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Springer Verlag, Service Center Secaucus, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 07094. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
William D. Lethal model 2: the limits to growth
revisited. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, No. 2, 1992.
1-59 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author examines some major concerns about global economic growth from both theoretical and empirical points of view, using "the limits-to-growth debate as a reference point to understand the earlier debate about the limits to and perils of growth, and to provide some perspective about the newer debate about environmental threats." He concludes that environmental and resource constraints on economic growth should be modest over the next 50 years and that economic growth is possible providing emphasis is given to "the importance of careful scientific and policy analysis and establishing or strengthening institutions that contain incentives that are compatible with the thoughtful balancing of long-run costs and benefits of social investments."
Correspondence: W. D. Nordhaus, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Florian A. Remittances, trade and the Philippine
economy. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1993.
269-83 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"The relationships between trade, remittances from overseas workers and the domestic economy are examined for their implications for labor and trade policy [in the Philippines]....The limited use of remittances for real reproductive investments at the household level is associated with length of migration, reliance on overseas workers as a source of foreign exchange, and a failure to correct the structural imbalances of the economy."
Correspondence: F. A. Alburo, University of the Philippines, Quezon City, Philippines. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jean-Claude; Veron, Jacques; Barbieri, Magali. Development
policies and rapid population growth in Africa. [Politiques de
developpement et croissance demographique rapide en Afrique.] Congres
et Colloques, No. 13, ISBN 2-7332-4013-7. 1993. viii, 314 pp. Institut
National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses
Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
These are the proceedings of an international conference held in Paris, France, September 2-6, 1991. The introductory section has two papers on the relationships between population growth and development in developing countries in general and Africa in particular. Part 1 then examines Africa's development problems. Part 2 looks at specific sectors and how they are affected by rapid population growth, including agriculture, education, urban growth, international migration, and health, and at the problems posed by modernization for traditional culture and values. Part 3 examines the kinds of population policies that are appropriate to Africa's needs.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Olivier; Gilliand, Pierre. Switzerland 2000: the
demographic challenge. [Suisse 2000: enjeux demographiques.] ISBN
2-88146-052-5. 1991. 405 pp. Realites Sociales: Lausanne, Switzerland.
These are the proceedings of a conference held in 1991 in Lausanne, Switzerland, on the demographic challenges that Switzerland faces in the near future. The 33 papers cover topics such as population growth and ecological constraints, population and economic development, demographic aging, female labor force participation, demographic factors and savings, immigration and Switzerland as an ethnic melting pot, the political and cultural implications of large-scale immigration, and Swiss attitudes toward these demographic prospects.
Correspondence: Editions Realites Sociales, C.P. 1273, 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
J. G.; de Kruyf, M. Can population growth sustain the
service sector? [Bevolkingsgroei ter wille van het
voorzieningenniveau?] Nederlandse Geografische Studies, No. 134, ISBN
90-6809-144-1. 1991. 70 pp. Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig
Genootschap: Amsterdam, Netherlands; Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht,
Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen: Utrecht, Netherlands. In Dut. with
sum. in Eng.
"This study presents the results of research [in the Netherlands] on...the impact of population decline on the quantity and quality of service facilities....The study area consisted of two planning districts in the highly urbanized southern...agglomerations of Haarlem and Hilversum....Population growth in the study area has come to a standstill, not only in the urban agglomerations, but also in the planning districts as a whole." Consideration is given to the effect of such demographic changes on retailing, commerce, housing, and other such services.
Correspondence: Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap, Weteringschans 12, 1017 SG Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
John. Can the growing human population feed itself?
Scientific American, Vol. 270, No. 3, Mar 1994. 36-42 pp. New York, New
York. In Eng.
The author examines the probable consequences of the projected growth in global population from 5.3 billion in 1990 to over 10 billion by the year 2050. In particular, he compares the arguments of environmentalists, who sense an ecological catastrophe caused by the increased demands of a growing population, with the optimists, who assert that the earth can provide more than the required food supply through technological innovation and the efficient investment of human capital. He finds that even if the optimists are right, environmental and other costs argue for a combination of economic growth and population control.
Correspondence: J. Bongaarts, Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SW).
John. Population growth and the food supply: conflicting
perspectives. Population Council Research Division Working Paper,
No. 53, 1993. 37 pp. Population Council, Research Division: New York,
New York. In Eng.
The author reviews the debate between environmentalists and technological optimists concerning the prospects for the rapid increase in global food supplies needed in order to feed a growing population. He takes an intermediate position by suggesting that such increases are possible but costly, and concludes that "the greatest problems will be faced by the least developed countries with high population densities, ineffective or counterproductive agricultural policies, and/or political instability and civil strife."
Correspondence: Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Giovanna. Between north and south. Work, unemployment,
and immigration: the Italian experience during the 1980s. [Tra
nord e sud. Lavoro, disoccupazione, immigrazione: l'esperienza
italiana negli anni ottanta.] Collana IRES, ISBN 88-230-0077-7. LC
93-150666. 1991. 126 pp. Ediesse: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
This study examines trends in employment in Italy during the 1980s. Attention is given to regional differences in job availability and unemployment, and to how immigration from developing countries affects the situation. A clear difference between the north and the south of the country is noted, characterized by the lack of employment opportunities in the south. The prospects for policy intervention are considered.
Correspondence: Ediesse, Via dei Fretani 4/A, 00185 Rome, Italy. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Carsten. Results of the microcensus, May 1992.
[Ergebnisse des Mikrozensus Mai 1992.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No.
10, Oct 1993. 723-31 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
Results are presented from the May 1992 microcensus of Germany. The emphasis is on employment statistics and on comparisons between east and west. Information is included on population growth, labor force participation, age-specific employment ratios, female employment, unemployment, and income.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).