Volume 60 - Number 1 - Spring 1994

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

60:10531 Coleman, David A. Contrasting age structures of Western Europe and of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union: demographic curiosity or labor resource? Population and Development Review, Vol. 19, No. 3, Sep 1993. 523-55, 654, 656 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"Since World War II divergent fertility trends in the European former USSR and Eastern Europe, and those of Western Europe, have created contrasts in the age distributions of their respective populations. The Eastern countries have experienced neither the baby boom of persons now in their 30s nor a shortage of teenagers and younger children. Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union are facing serious economic and political difficulties at a time when their populations are now relatively free to migrate westward. At the same time, population decline and labor shortages are forecast for Western Europe. [The author attempts to determine whether] migration of this 'complementary' Eastern European population [could] help to resolve the projected demographic and labor force problems of Western Europe...."
Correspondence: D. A. Coleman, University of Oxford, Department of Demography, Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2JD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10532 de Jong Gierveld, Jenny; Beekink, Erik. Changing living arrangements of the elderly in Europe; demographic and socio-cultural determinants. In: European population. Volume 2: demographic dynamics, edited by Alain Blum and Jean-Louis Rallu. 1993. 309-29 pp. John Libbey Eurotext: Montrouge, France. In Eng.
The authors explore "the changes which have occurred in Europe with respect to the elderly population group, both from a demographic and a sociological point of view....The changes in the population composition will be dealt with. Particular attention will be paid to the patterns of marital status and changes in these patterns. Next,...six countries will be examined more closely as examples of different population developments....The changes occurring in the area of living arrangements and households of the elderly will also be dealt with....The composition of the social networks will be examined in more detail and, in connection with this, the well-being of the elderly."
Correspondence: J. de Jong Gierveld, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

60:10540 Luoto, Riitta; Kaprio, Jaakko; Uutela, Antti. Age at natural menopause and sociodemographic status in Finland. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 139, No. 1, Jan 1, 1994. 64-76 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"Differences in age at natural menopause by occupation, education, and place of residence were examined using a cross-sectional population sample of Finnish women aged 45-64 years (n = 1,713, response rate 86%). The sample was selected at random from the Finnish Population Register in 1989 (final n = 1,505, 75%). Kaplan-Meier estimates showed the median age at natural menopause to be 51 years for all women...." The effects of parity and smoking on age at menopause are also considered. The results suggest that sociodemographic variables do affect the age at menopause in this group of women.
Correspondence: R. Luoto, University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health, P.O. Box 52, 00014 Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

60:10541 Rabusic, Ladislav. What are the limits to the human life span? [Kde Jsou meze delky lidskeho zivota?] Demografie, Vol. 35, No. 3, 1993. 153-61 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"Permanent and gradual increase of life expectancy at birth in developed countries has raised a question about the limits to human life span--the biologically maximum length of life. This paper presents current American discussion on the subject to Czech readers."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

60:10543 Blair, Marilou C. L.; De Jong, Gordon F. Consequences of international and rural-urban internal migration for improving the occupational status of rural third world workers. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal, 1993, Volume 1. 1993. 613-23 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This study analyzes the consequences of international migration, and a comparable internal migration stream, for the occupational attainment of male developing country workers. The data are from the longitudinal three-site Philippine Migration Survey of rural Ilocos Norte Province nonmigrant and Ilocano migrant workers in the United States (Hawaii) and in Manila. We assess the comparative significance of individual demographic and human capital factors, achievement motivation proxies, and family resource indicators on migrant-nonmigrant occupational prestige differentials."
Correspondence: M. C. L. Blair, University of Oklahoma, School of Social Work, Norman, OK 73019. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10544 Easterlin, Richard A.; Schaeffer, Christine M.; Maucunovich, Diane J. Will the baby boomers be less well off than their parents? Income, wealth, and family circumstances over the life cycle in the United States. Population and Development Review, Vol. 19, No. 3, Sep 1993. 497-522, 653-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This article assesses the retirement outlook of American baby boomers--those born between 1946 and 1964--compared with their parents with regard to income, wealth, and family situation (having a spouse present or grown children available, and the likelihood of living alone). Differences between trailing and leading edge boomers and between those better and worse off are considered. The analysis finds that, on average, the boomers' living levels in retirement are likely to be considerably better than their parents', except possibly for the poorest segment of the trailing edge. However...the boomers raised their economic status over that of their parents largely by remaining single or childless, or by having fewer children and combining mother's work with childbearing."
Correspondence: R. A. Easterlin, University of Southern California, Department of Economics, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0035. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

60:10548 Fielding, A.; Halford, S. Geographies of opportunity: a regional analysis of gender-specific social and spatial mobilities in England and Wales, 1971-81. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 25, No. 10, Oct 1993. 1,421-40 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"First, a regional analysis of the social mobilities of men and women nonmigrants [in England and Wales] is carried out. Second, the way in which regional context structures the options open to men and women is discussed, and, third, the fortunes of male and female interregional migrants are traced."
Correspondence: A. Fielding, University of Sussex, Centre for Urban and Regional Research, Brighton BN1 9QN, England. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

60:10549 Grundy, E. M. D. Moves into supported private households among elderly people in England and Wales. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 25, No. 10, Oct 1993. 1,467-79 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Data from the Longitudinal Study (LS) of the Office of Population Censuses and Surveys have been used to examine differentials in the proportion of elderly people living in 'independent' households (alone or with only a spouse) in 1971 but in 'supported' households (with relatives or friends) ten years later." The geographical focus is on England and Wales.
Correspondence: E. M. D. Grundy, King's College London, Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, Cornwall House Annexe, Waterloo Road, London SE1 8TX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

60:10553 Abdulkarim, Amir. The Lebanese in France: population trends and characteristics. [Les Libanais en France: evolution et originalite.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1993. 113-29 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Demographic characteristics, population trends, and the spatial distribution of Lebanese migrants to France are examined and compared with those of migrants from other countries. The focus is on the decision to migrate and its effect on life in France. The author concludes that Lebanese migration is primarily labor migration, even during times of political upheaval and war, and that this motivation contributes to the assimilation of the Lebanese into the middle and upper socioeconomic classes.
Correspondence: A. Abdulkarim, Universite de Poitiers, Departement de Geographie, Laboratoire des Migrations Internationales, 95 avenue du Recteur-Pineau, 86022 Poitiers, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10554 Altshuler, Mordechai. Distribution of the Jewish population of the USSR, 1939. 1993. 79 pp. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Centre for Research and Documentation of East-European Jewry: Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
This publication presents estimates of the Jewish population of the Soviet Union in 1939, using recently available data from the Soviet census taken in that year. The estimates are presented in tabular format by republic, Krai, and oblast; by sex; by language; and for the urban and rural Jewish population.
Correspondence: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Centre for Research and Documentation of East-European Jewry, Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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