Volume 60 - Number 1 - Spring 1994

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

60:10416 Achanfuo-Yeboah, David. Grounding a theory of African migration in recent data on Ghana. International Sociology, Vol. 8, No. 2, Jun 1993. 215-26 pp. Newbury Park, California/London, England. In Eng.
The author investigates determinants of migration in Africa, with a focus on assessing the relative impact of economic and noneconomic factors on migration in Ghana. A theoretical analysis "shows that migration in Africa is determined by economic factors such as employment, social factors such as education and demographic factors such as population growth. The results indicate that these three factors explain 70 per cent of the variance in net migration, and that the economic factor is the single most important determinant of migration. The theory shows further that the existing socio-economic institutions in Africa tend to support the prevalence of rural-rural and rural-urban migration."
Correspondence: D. Achanfuo-Yeboah, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, G.P.O. Box 570, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

60:10417 Chapman, Janet G. As Russians move out of Central Asia, are the natives filling their shoes? Department of Economics Working Paper, No. 270, Sep 1991. 27 pp. University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
The focus is on "whether the indigenous population is able and willing to [migrate to] take the [urban] jobs left vacant by Russians."
Correspondence: University of Pittsburgh, Department of Economics, Pittsburgh, PA 15260. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

60:10429 Abella, Manolo I. Labor mobility, trade and structural change: the Philippine experience. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1993. 249-68 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"This article addresses three questions: (1) Is the high rate of emigration of labor from the Philippines related to the country's trade policy? (2) Why have migration and accompanying remittances not made much of an impact on the growth and structure of the Philippine economy? (3) Would economic growth and structural change eventually curtail labor emigration? The Philippines' history of labor export and its economic development are contrasted with those of Asian NIEs [newly industrialized economies] which have adopted liberal trade regimes."
Correspondence: M. I. Abella, International Labour Office, 4 route des Morillons, 1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10430 Adams, Richard H. The economic and demographic determinants of international migration in rural Egypt. Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1, Oct 1993. 146-67 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This study uses data collected in rural Egypt to estimate a micro-level model of the economic and demographic determinants of international migration. This model uses predicted income functions to establish origin incomes (incomes excluding remittances). Three findings are noteworthy. First, the results suggest that education may not necessarily be positively correlated with migration. Second, the data indicate that the relationship between income and migration is that of a flat, inverted U-shaped curve. Third, when the combined effects of income and land are considered, males from poor and landless households have the highest propensity to migrate. Poverty and landlessness combine to push rural Egyptians to work abroad."
Correspondence: R. H. Adams, International Food Policy Research Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20036. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

60:10487 Anderson, William P.; Papageorgiou, Yorgos Y. An analysis of migration streams for the Canadian regional system, 1952-1983. 1. Migration probabilities. Geographical Analysis, Vol. 26, No. 1, Jan 1994. 15-36 pp. Columbus, Ohio. In Eng.
"This is part one of a two-part [article] that seeks to specify the factors and processes contributing to aggregate change in the Canadian population distribution over the recent past. In part one, we use a model of migration probabilities to identify socioeconomic factors that explain the observed interregional migration flows....We examine and justify our results in the larger context of contemporary Canadian history." Data are from the Canadian census.
Correspondence: W. P. Anderson, McMaster University, Department of Geography, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

60:10488 Bailey, Adrian J. Migration history, migration behavior and selectivity. Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 27, No. 4, 1993. 315-26 pp. Secaucus, New Jersey/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"A series of proportional hazards models are used to study the relationship between migration history and migration behavior for a sample of young adults from the [U.S.] National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. The results support the argument that migration is a selective process. College educated young adults have a greater hazard rate of making an initial migration but a lower hazard rate of re-migration, suggesting they have less need of corrective geographic behavior. Individuals who have moved two or more times are less responsive to national unemployment conditions than first time migrants. Migration is related to the timing of unemployment within a sojourn. The findings suggest that migrant stock is an important determinant of how labor markets function."
Correspondence: A. J. Bailey, Dartmouth College, Department of Geography, 6017 Sherman Fairchild Hall, Hanover, NH 03755-3571. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

60:10513 Suhrke, Astri. A crisis diminished: refugees in the developing world. International Journal, Vol. 48, No. 2, Spring 1993. 215-39 pp. Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
Recent trends in the migration of refugees from developing countries are outlined. The author notes that "while the global population of refugees was going up--reflecting the political dislocations attendant upon the passing of the order imposed for nearly half a century by the Cold War--in many parts of the developing world an opposite trend was evident: long-standing refugee crises of the past were winding down or being resolved."
Correspondence: A. Suhrke, University of Bergen, Department of Social Science and Development, 5020 Bergen, Norway. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

60:10514 Toshchenko, Zh. T. Russian refugees. A tragedy or the costs of imperial consciousness? Sociological Research, Vol. 32, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993. 49-57 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
The author attempts to estimate migration of Russians from other republics of the former Soviet Union back to Russia, and factors causing this migration. The encouragement by many local authorities of anti-Russian feeling for political purposes is identified as a major cause of such re-migration.
This is a translation of the Russian article in Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia (Moscow, Russia), No. 9, 1992, pp. 59-64.
Correspondence: Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Socioeconomic Studies of the Population, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

60:10516 Kasar, D. V. Economics of seasonal migration. ISBN 81-7054-172-7. LC 92-907154. 1992. xiii, 220 pp. Classical Publishing: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author examines the "economics of seasonal migration of farm labour working with co-operative sugar units in Maharashtra [India]....[The author] describes the physical features, land use and crop pattern,...and the general information on recruitment of seasonal labour, facilities provided and wage rates....The comparative data on important aspects of farm and family organization of migrant and non-migrant households have been discussed [including]...farm business economy and resource productivity on the farms of migrant and non-migrant households....An attempt to explain personal characteristics of migrant labour in the context of seasonal migration and to identify the factors behind seasonal migration has been made....The study brought out that co-operative sugar industry has significant contribution in the gross annual employment and income of migrant households indicating beneficial effects of seasonal migration on the economy of migrant farm labor in Maharashtra." Data are from sample surveys conducted during 1983 and 1984.
Correspondence: Classical Publishing, 28 Shopping Centre, Karampura, New Delhi 110 015, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

60:10517 Bhatia, Ajit S. Rural-urban migration: a study of socio-economic implications. ISBN 81-7100-443-1. LC 92-910268. 1992. viii, 196 pp. Deep and Deep: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a microeconomic analysis of rural-urban migration in Punjab, India, using data from a rural survey carried out in 1983. The study includes a chapter on migration determinants as well as one on the consequences of migration for the region of origin, including remittances and other capital flows and the impact of migration on technological change and agricultural production.
Correspondence: Deep and Deep Publications, F-159 Rajouri Garden, New Delhi 110 027, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

60:10518 Chaudhuri, Jayasri R. Migration and remittances: inter-urban and rural-urban linkages. ISBN 81-7036-316-0. LC 92-34738. 1993. 261 pp. Sage Publications: Newbury Park, California/New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is an analysis of migrant remittances in India using the example of Durgapur, a public-sector steel town in West Bengal. "The study aims at understanding the extent of redistribution of personal income of the migrant labour force from a new town which was initiated by government investment and the associated growth of employment." The author first looks at rural-urban migration in India as a whole. He then examines the characteristics of migration to Durgapur since its inception. Finally, he analyzes the strength and characteristics of remittances from Durgapur and their effect on incomes in the areas of origin. The data were collected in 1987 and 1989 in surveys involving over 7,000 individuals.
Correspondence: Sage Publications, 32 M-Block Market, Greater Kailash I, New Delhi 110 048, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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