Volume 60 - Number 1 - Spring 1994

E. Mortality

Studies that treat quantitative mortality data analytically. Methodological studies primarily concerned with mortality are cited in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , if necessary. The main references to crude data are in the vital statistics items in S. Official Statistical Publications .

E.1. General Mortality

Studies of overall mortality and comparisons of several types of mortality. Studies dealing with two or more of the topics listed in this division are classified under the major section covered, or, if this is not self-evident, included here under General Mortality.

60:10125 Arcondo, Anibal. General mortality, epidemic mortality, and demographic behavior in Cordoba during the eighteenth century. [Mortalidad general, mortalidad epidemica y comportamiento de la poblacion de Cordoba durante el siglo XVIII.] Desarrollo Economico, Vol. 33, No. 129, Apr-Jun 1993. 67-85 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
Mortality patterns in Cordoba, Argentina, during the eighteenth century are outlined, with a focus on fluctuations caused by epidemics of communicable diseases. The effects of improved economic conditions, health, and hygiene on the population increase of the second half of the century are discussed. Data are from parish registers and other sources.
Correspondence: A. Arcondo, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Facultad de Ciencias Economicas, Instituto de Economia y Finanzas, Avenida Valparaiso s.n., Agencia Postal No. 4, Ciudad Universitaria, 5000 Cordoba, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

60:10126 Baran, Alina. Mortality in Poland in the period 1950-1990. Polish Population Review, No. 3, 1993. 5-23 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
"In this paper, crude, specific [mortality] rates as well as nonstandardized and standardized indices of regional mortality differentials are analysed [for Poland] for the period 1950-1990, in order to show mortality differentiation, its increase by age, sex, and place of residence. Taking into account cause specific death rates, the pattern of causes of deaths was found to be similar to that existing in the western countries, although the level of standardized mortality is higher in Poland. Values of calculated indices of regional mortality differentials point to significant differences in mortality by voivodship."
Correspondence: A. Baran, Warsaw School of Economics, Al. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

E.2. Prenatal and Perinatal Mortality

Studies dealing primarily with fetal and neonatal mortality, except those dealing with spontaneous abortions, which are classified under F.3. Sterility and Other Pathology , and those studies dealing with induced abortions, which are classified under F.4.5. Induced Abortion . Perinatal mortality is defined as mortality occurring between the twenty-eighth week of gestation and the seventh day of life.

No citations in this issue.

E.3. Infant and Childhood Mortality

Studies of infant mortality under one year of age, including neonatal mortality occurring after the seventh day of life, and childhood mortality after one year of age. The subject of infanticide, deliberate or implied, is also classified under this heading.

60:10141 Acheson, Louise S. Perinatal, infant, and child death rates among the Old Order Amish. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 139, No. 2, Jan 15, 1994. 173-83 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"This study reports marital fertility and perinatal, infant, and child death rates for an entire Amish settlement of approximately 10,000 individuals, centered around Geauga County, Ohio. All 6,623 births from 1948 to 1988 listed in a directory of Geauga Settlement Amish households were studied. The childbearing experience of all 475 married women over the age of 44 years was also described. Women aged >44 years had a median of 8.3 births; 24% of the births were to women aged >34 years. Despite a higher prevalence of several risk factors for perinatal and infant death among the Amish, neonatal and infant death rates for Geauga Settlement Amish have been very similar to the corresponding rates for white children in rural Ohio and the state as a whole."
Correspondence: L. Acheson, Case Western Reserve University, Department of Family Medicine, 2074 Abington Road, Cleveland, OH 44106. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

60:10142 Ashraf, M. S. Infant mortality in rural India: a diagnostic study. ISBN 81-85009-35-X. LC 91-902228. 1990. 177 pp. Print House: Lucknow, India. In Eng.
The results of a 1987 survey on infant mortality in Uttar Pradesh, India, are presented. The survey included 19,991 households in 198 villages, and 5,409 mothers. "The main objectives of the study were to identify the determinants of infant mortality and their relative importance and to examine the relationship between infant mortality and fertility." The rural infant mortality rate was found to be significantly higher than the 95 per 1,000 rate for the whole country in 1985, being 213.9 in the lowland rural areas and 141.3 in the hill regions.
Correspondence: Print House, 5 Tej Bahadur Sapru Marg, Lucknow 226 001, Uttar Pradesh, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

E.4. Mortality at Other Ages

Studies of age-specific mortality and of mortality in special groups defined by age.

60:10159 Arriaga, Eduardo E. A comparative analysis of mortality in the Americas. [Comparacion de la mortalidad en las Americas.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 7, No. 2-3, May-Dec 1992. 407-49, 621 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"The analysis concentrates on the mortality of [the] adult population at ages 15 to 74 in 8 countries of the American continent....Results are presented by age, sex and principal groups of causes of death. It is concluded that: a) mortality can significantly decline further in the Americas; b) there are noticeable mortality differentials by cause among countries; [and] c) all the countries still have excess mortality in certain age groups and causes of death, and hence, the mortality transition has not ended."
Correspondence: E. E. Arriaga, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10160 Coggon, D.; Barker, D. J. P.; Inskip, H.; Wield, G. Housing in early life and later mortality. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 47, No. 5, Oct 1993. 345-8 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The authors use data from a 1936 housing survey conducted in Chesterfield, England, to examine "the influence of domestic crowding and household amenities in early life on later mortality from all causes and specifically from stomach cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and rheumatic heart disease....Subjects were followed through the National Health Service Central Register from 1951 to 1989....The findings suggest that the housing of young adults in Chesterfield during the 1930s had little effect on their later mortality."
Correspondence: D. Coggon, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Southampton SO9 4XY, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

E.5. Life Tables

Studies that present actual life table data and all studies concerned primarily with life tables, including the appropriate methodological studies. Life table studies that are concerned with topics other than mortality are classified under the appropriate heading and cross-referenced to this heading.

60:10165 Sri Lanka. Department of Census and Statistics (Colombo, Sri Lanka). Sri Lanka national and district life tables: 1980-1982. ISBN 955-577-048-4. LC 92-905416. 1991. 88 pp. Colombo, Sri Lanka. In Eng.
Life tables are presented for Sri Lanka and for its districts for the period 1980-1982, based on census and vital statistics data. Probable trends in life expectancy for the period 1986-1991 are also described.
Correspondence: Department of Census and Statistics, Ministry of Policy Planning and Implementation, 6 Albert Crescent, P.O. Box 563, Colombo 7, Sri Lanka. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

E.6. Differential Mortality

Studies on the ratio of mortality in different subgroups of a population, classified according to certain criteria, such as sex, social class, occupation, and marital status. Also includes studies on excess mortality and comparative mortality.

60:10166 Egidi, Viviana; Verdecchia, Arduino. Sex inequalities in morbidity and mortality. In: Women's position and demographic change, edited by Nora Federici, Karen O. Mason, and Solvi Sogner. 1993. 213-24 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
Sex differences in morbidity and mortality from cancer in Italy are analyzed. "The authors use age and sex-specific statistics on cancer sites, and the duration of illness, to suggest that behavioural differences between the sexes account for a large proportion of women's advantage in survival. Particularly important may be women's greater tendency to care for their bodies and to seek early diagnosis and treatment."
Correspondence: V. Egidi, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Via Nomentana 41, 00161 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10167 Gartner, Karla. Examinations on differential mortality. Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 79, 1993. 69-80 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Eng.
Mortality differentials by sex, age, and marital status in the former Federal Republic of Germany are examined for the period 1950-1989. Some comparative data for the former German Democratic Republic are included.
Correspondence: K. Gartner, Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 6, Postfach 5528, 6200 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

E.7. Mortality by Cause

Studies of demographic relevance on causes of death. Studies of morbidity and of public health measures are included only if they relate specifically to mortality. Also included are maternal mortality and comparisons of causes.

60:10183 American Cancer Society (Atlanta, Georgia). Cancer facts and figures--1994. 1994. 28 pp. Atlanta, Georgia. In Eng.
Estimates of cancer incidence are provided for each U.S. state using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program which in turn is based on nine population-based cancer registries. Data are included on cancer death rates by site and sex for the period 1930-1990 and cancer mortality in 1994 by state.
Correspondence: American Cancer Society, 1599 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30329-4251. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10184 Boring, C. C.; Squires, T. S.; Tong, T.; Heath, C. W. Mortality trends for selected smoking-related cancers and breast cancer--United States, 1950-1990. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 42, No. 44, Nov 12, 1993. 857, 863-6 pp. Atlanta, Georgia. In Eng.
"This report describes [U.S.] mortality trends for cancers (i.e., lung, oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, and larynx) that are at least 70% attributable to smoking and other tobacco use by race and sex. In addition, because lung cancer recently surpassed breast cancer as the leading cause of cancer deaths among women, death rates for lung cancer are compared with those for breast cancer."
Correspondence: C. C. Boring, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, GA 30333. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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