Volume 60 - Number 1 - Spring 1994

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

60:10058 Al-Sa'adi, Abbas F. Spatial diffusion of the population of Al-Jazirah region in Iraq. Population Bulletin of ESCWA, No. 35-37, 1989-1990. 99-127 pp. Amman, Jordan. In Eng.
"The aim of this study is to illustrate the picture of the spatial diffusion of the population in Al-Jazirah in the north-west of Iraq....The region was studied in the light of the 1977 census and compared with the data of the 1987 census to determine the extent of change in population diffusion during the period between the two censuses."
Correspondence: A. F. Al-Sa'adi, University of Baghdad, Faculty of Arts, Geography Department, P.O. Box 12, Jadiriya, Baghdad, Iraq. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10059 Bender, Rainer J. Studies on population and social geography. [Studien zur Bevolkerungs- und Sozialgeographie.] Mannheimer Geographische Arbeiten, No. 34, ISBN 3-923750-33-1. LC 92-169815. 1991. iii, 185 pp. Universitat Mannheim, Geographisches Institut: Mannheim, Germany. In Ger.
This publication deals with population and social geography, and includes eight papers by various authors. Five of the papers focus on West Germany. Papers are included on changes in population distribution and structure as indicators of spatial economic change in Baden-Wurttemberg; suburbanization in West Germany, with emphasis on the Hamburg region during 1970-1987; commuting and spatial structure in the Rhine-Neckar region since 1961; foreigners in Mannheim; spatial structural analysis and urban models using the example of Mannheim; spatial differences in mortality in Latin America, with a focus on infant mortality in Costa Rica and Chile; immigration policy and population trends in Canada and Australia during the twentieth century; and demographic and socioeconomic effects of the colonial period of African cities using the example of Lusaka, Zambia.
Correspondence: Universitat Mannheim, Geographisches Institut, Schloss, Postfach 103462, 6800 Mannheim 1, Germany. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

60:10065 Ahmad, Nuzhat. Choice of location and mobility behaviour of migrant households in a third world city. Urban Studies, Vol. 29, No. 7, Oct 1992. 1,147-57 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"Initial settlement patterns, locational choice between neighbourhoods and mobility behaviour of migrant households in Karachi [Pakistan]...are analysed in this research. A key result of the research is that ethnic considerations are dominating choice of location and are also a major influence on the subsequent mobility of migrant households. Therefore, residential segregation in terms of ethnicity is likely to increase....This may have disastrous spatial consequences in view of the increased ethnic disturbances in the city. The migrant households are also seen to settle mostly in peripheral Katchi Abadis, which is stretching the city outward. Per capita costs of service provision are increasing as a consequence....Policies to limit migration and urban sprawl are recommended...."
Correspondence: N. Ahmad, University of Karachi, Applied Economics Research Centre, P.O. Box 8403, Karachi 75270, Pakistan. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

60:10066 Akkerman, Abraham. Fuzzy targeting of population niches in urban planning and the fractal dimension of demographic change. Urban Studies, Vol. 29, No. 7, Oct 1992. 1,093-113 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"Considering the ultimate use of demographic information in urban planning, an alternative reference framework is being proposed along with an application procedure. It is aimed at measuring change [in Canada] between two census dates in four demographic parameters, throughout a conglomerate of subareas. This enables the simultaneous monitoring of demographic change across the conglomerate, listing the subareas by a fuzzy value of change in any of the four parameters. The fuzzy measurement of several demographic parameters compensates for the precision measurement of survivorship, fertility and migration in cohort demography. The degree of fuzziness in the selected parameters, furthermore, allows us to view the record of demographic change in each small area as a fractal relating to the whole city. The degree of fuzziness and the size of small-area populations are related to the fractal dimension of demographic change in the city as a whole."
Correspondence: A. Akkerman, University of Saskatchewan, Department of Geography, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 0W0, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

60:10086 Dacquel, Laarni T.; Dahmann, Donald C. Residents of farms and rural areas: 1991. Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 472, Aug 1993. iv, 33, [23] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents statistics on residents of farms and rural areas as reported in the [U.S.] Current Population Survey (CPS). Based on that survey, the 1991 estimate of the rural farm population is 4,632,000; the estimate of the rural population...is 67,962,000 persons. This report provides information on the geographic and regional distributions of the farm and rural populations, and the text details demographic, social, economic, and educational characteristics of farm and nonfarm populations."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:10087 Johnson, Kenneth M. Demographic change in nonmetropolitan America, 1980 to 1990. Rural Sociology, Vol. 58, No. 3, Fall 1993. 347-65 pp. Bozeman, Montana. In Eng.
"This research provides detailed information about...demographic trends [in nonmetropolitan areas in the United States] between 1980 and 1990. Specifically, the paper briefly reviews the overall trends of population redistribution in nonmetro areas between 1980 and 1990; considers nonmetro net migration patterns in some detail; examines nonmetro patterns of natural increase between 1980 and 1990, with particular attention to the emerging phenomenon of natural decrease; and considers the implications of these trends....Most of the data used are from the U.S. decennial censuses of population for 1970, 1980, and 1990."
Correspondence: K. M. Johnson, Loyola University, Department of Sociology, Chicago, IL 60626. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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