59:40508 Bean, Lee
L.; Mineau, Geraldine P.; Anderton, Douglas L. High-risk
childbearing: fertility and infant mortality on the American
frontier. Social Science History, Vol. 16, No. 3, Fall 1992.
337-63 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
The authors explore the relationship between fertility and infant mortality in the Utah frontier population during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Data are from the Utah Population Database, which is based on Mormon church records covering a 100-year period. "During the initial colonization of Utah, high levels of fertility were marked by early marriage, early childbearing, relatively short birth intervals, and late ages at last birth." This period was also marked by relatively high rates of infant mortality. "Our analysis supports the argument that fertility declines that arise through increased contraceptive efforts tend to reduce infant mortality."
Correspondence: L. L. Bean, University of Utah, Middle East Center, Salt Lake City, UT 84112. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
59:40509 Costa, Dora
L. Height, weight, wartime stress and older age mortality:
evidence from the Union Army records. Explorations in Economic
History, Vol. 30, No. 4, Oct 1993. 424-9 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"Important determinants of older age mortality among a group of white [U.S.] Union Army veterans were (1) both past and current nutritional status, as proxied by adult height and body mass index, and (2) wartime stress, as proxied by wounds received, discharges due to illness, and prisoner of war status. The body mass and height optima are the same as found for contemporary industrialized populations, suggesting that height and weight standards derived from current industrialized nations can be applied to the developing countries and past populations. Changes in body mass index since the turn of the century accounted for roughly 20% of the decline in mortality from 1900 to 1986."
Correspondence: D. L. Costa, University of Chicago, Department of Economics, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Linda A. Regional variations in the impact of Spanish
colonial rule on the indigenous populations of Honduras and
Nicaragua. [Variaciones regionales en el impacto del dominio
colonial espanol en las poblaciones indigenas de Honduras y Nicaragua.]
Mesoamerica, Vol. 13, No. 24, Dec 1992. 297-312 pp. South Woodstock,
Vermont/Antigua, Guatemala. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"This work explores the elements that may have caused regional variations in the demographic trends of Honduras and Nicaragua during the colonial period. Old World diseases played an important role in the decline of the native population, but they can explain only partially the regional patterns of Indian survival. It is suggested that variations in the size and nature of native societies during the conquest period were influential in terms of what institution...the Spaniards would end up using to exploit and control. The population decline was also proportional to the intensity of the Spanish settlements, which represented significant demands on Indian land, labor, and production, as well as stimulating race mixture. The chiefdoms of western Honduras and Nicaragua experienced a more profound decline than did the tribes in the east. A very significant factor in the west was the Indian slave trade with Panama and Peru."
Correspondence: L. A. Newson, Kings College London, Department of Geography, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:40511 Bailey, R.
E.; Chambers, M. J. Long-term demographic interactions in
precensus England. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society,
Series A: Statistics in Society, Vol. 156, No. 3, 1993. 339-62 pp.
London, England. In Eng.
"Modern time series methods are applied to the analysis of annual demographic data for England, 1541-1800. Evidence is found of non-stationarity in the series and of co-integration among the series. Building on economic models of historical demography, optimal inferential procedures are implemented to estimate the structural parameters of long-term equilibria among the variables. Evidence is found for a small, but significant, Malthusian 'preventive check' as well as interactions between fertility, mortality and nuptiality that are consistent with the predictions often made in demographic studies. Tentative experiments to detect the influence of environmental factors fail to reveal any significant impact on the estimates obtained."
Correspondence: R. E. Bailey, University of Essex, Department of Economics, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Alexandra A. Toward a more vital palaeodemography
fertility, homology and analogy in Pacific palaeodemography. PSTC
Working Paper Series, No. 93-06, May 1993. 18,  pp. Brown
University, Population Studies and Training Center [PSTC]: Providence,
Rhode Island. In Eng.
"This paper makes the argument that the use of analogies (or homologies) of early historic and contemporary Pacific island populations may be one way to achieve an improved understanding of the dynamics and structures of Pacific palaeopopulations. By way of example, this treatment focuses on the specific dimensions of fertility."
Correspondence: Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Robert W. New sources and new techniques for the study of
secular trends in nutritional status, health, mortality, and the
process of aging. Historical Methods, Vol. 26, No. 1, Winter 1993.
5-43 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this research program data sources on food consumption, anthropometric measures, genealogies, and life-cycle histories are used separately and in conjunction with each other to shed light on secular trends in nutritional status, health, mortality, and the process of aging....The problems that must be dealt with in creating such life-cycle datasets are illustrated by considering a life-cycle study based on a sample of men who were recruited into the Union army during the American Civil War. The final section discusses the uses of genealogies both separately and in combination with the preceding data sources."
Correspondence: R. W. Fogel, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:40514 Siegrist de
Gentile, Nora L. Nineteenth-century church records for
Buenos Aires. The microfilms and their possible uses in
socio-demographic studies. [Fuentes eclesiasticas de Buenos Aires
del siglo XIX. Notas sobre los microfilmes y sus posibilidades en
estudios socio-demograficos.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos,
Vol. 8, No. 23, Apr 1993. 95-108 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
The author explores the history, quality, and availability of Catholic parish registers in Latin America in general. She then describes records for Buenos Aires, Argentina, as preserved on microfilm by the Genealogical Society of Utah. A list of the microfilms by register year, locality, church name, and year of filming is included.
Correspondence: N. L. Siegrist de Gentile, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, Centro de Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).