Alan S.; Dennis, Frances. Backlash: a biologist looks at
problems of population and the environment. ISBN 0-907232-08-6.
1993. xiii, 223 pp. Parkes Foundation: Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This is a general look at global population problems and their environmental consequences. The first four chapters describe the present situation and how it occurred. The next five chapters look at traumas that mankind has so far survived such as famine, malnutrition, disease, non-infective hazards, war, and natural disaster. The next three chapters cover biosocial factors affecting human numbers, followed by five chapters examining the consequences of increasing population size and changing technology including the decrease in living space, pressures on wildlife, soil degradation, forest erosion, and resource depletion. The final section, entitled "the backlash of sophistication" examines such issues as waste and sewage, agro-chemicals, air pollution, and other man-made problems.
Correspondence: University of Cambridge, Department of Biological Anthropology, Parkes Foundation, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jacques. The arithmetic of humans: demography between
science and politics. [Arithmetique de l'homme: la demographie
entre science et politique.] Science Ouverte, ISBN 2-02-013449-7. Sep
1993. 237 pp. Editions du Seuil: Paris, France. In Fre.
This volume is concerned with the study of demography and with how the results of demographic research can be applied to the resolution of problems in society. The author notes that demography is expected to contribute to the debate on a number of sensitive social issues, such as immigration, health costs, and demographic aging, and that such contributions are not simply quantitative but must take into account complex social situations. Aspects considered include the implication of rapid rates of population growth in developing countries, overpopulation, female labor force participation, migration, and urbanization. The use and misuse of demographic data in the debate over various political issues is examined.
Correspondence: Editions du Seuil, 27 rue Jacob, Paris 6, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Donald J. How Demography was born. Demography, Vol.
30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 519-21 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author outlines the history of the journal Demography.
Correspondence: D. J. Bogue, University of Chicago, Department of Sociology, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Eileen M. Demography: the past 30 years, the present, and
the future. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 579-91 pp.
Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author reviews trends in the field of demography. "I will begin with an assessment of past changes. Then I will discuss what the present indicates for the future....To do this, I will address four facets of the field: how and where demography is done, the type of data employed, the methods used, and finally the theoretical approach and the questions addressed." The role of the journal Demography in the coverage of the field is also discussed.
Correspondence: E. M. Crimmins, University of Southern California, Andrus Gerontology Center, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0191. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Gerard-Francois. World population in the twentieth
century. [La population mondiale au XXe siecle.] Defense
Nationale, Vol. 49, No. 4, Apr 1993. 19-35 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Current global population trends are summarized. The author briefly examines the demographic transition, trends in urbanization, and regional differences in population dynamics.
Correspondence: G.-F. Dumont, Universite de Paris I, 12 place du Pantheon, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Albert I. Fertility and family planning among the elderly
in Taiwan, or integrating the demography of aging into population
studies. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 507-18 pp.
Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is the text of the author's presidential address, presented at the 1993 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. He discusses the "challenges and opportunities to [demography] in terms of both substantive issues and research strategies, as we give greater attention to research on aging in the years ahead....Specifically, I plan to point up several areas of ongoing population research in which potentially interesting connections can be forged with the demography of aging; to indicate several direct and low-cost expansions of current practices which would greatly enhance our knowledge in the demography of aging and would enrich the research potential; and, finally, to suggest several substantive and methodological arenas in which research on aging may challenge our current ways of thinking."
Correspondence: A. I. Hermalin, University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nathan. Thirty years of demography and Demography.
Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 533-49 pp. Washington, D.C. In
"This article will say something about the [directions the field of demography and the journal Demography have] taken, and end by asking the reader whether we have gone too far in the direction of methodology and empiricism."
Correspondence: N. Keyfitz, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Samuel H. The contours of demography: estimates and
projections. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 593-606 pp.
Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper considers the scope of demography and the various research approaches that legitimately could claim the label....International health is cited as an area of increased demographic presence; reasons for this development are explored....Taking a demand-oriented approach, the paper identifies several promising research areas in which demographers will be called on to address issues of national and international concern."
Correspondence: S. H. Preston, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, Philadelphia, PA 19174. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jay D.; Paasch, Kathleen; Carver, Karen P. Thirty years of
Demography. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 523-32 pp.
Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this paper, we present a content analysis of Demography, the official journal of the Population Association of America. Our results reflect patterns of change and stability in a number of areas, including: subjects covered, number of authors, gender of authors, type of data used, sources of data used, affiliation of authors and statistical procedures employed. The data suggest that the field of population research has become increasingly bureaucratized and complex, while at the same time continuing to focus on familiar research subjects. A relatively small number of population research centers contribute disproportionately to the journal."
Correspondence: J. D. Teachman, University of Maryland, Department of Sociology, Center on Population, Gender and Social Inequality, College Park, MD 20742-1315. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Susan C. If all we knew about women was what we read in
Demography what would we know? Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov
1993. 551-77 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author explores the question, "what does [the journal] Demography indicate about the way we as a scientific community, as authors, reviewers, and readers, understand women? Although I focus on women, my question is also about gender, our shared understandings of what it means to be female and what it means to be male, and how these influence our research....To a surprising degree, our research draws on what we take for granted about women, men, and the relations between them in order to pose our research questions, to collect our data, and to interpret our results. I identify areas in which I think a more explicit as well as a more informed consideration of gender relations in the societies we study would probably result in a better understanding of demographic behavior, and I give examples from Demography that I believe point in productive directions."
Correspondence: S. C. Watkins, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, Philadelphia, PA 19174. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ryszard. Sudden changes in demographic processes: two
applications of catastrophic theory. Geographia Polonica, No. 59,
1992. 55-67 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author examines the susceptibility of certain demographic trends to sudden change, using the examples of rural-urban migration in Poland and the effect of a large city (Poznan) on its smaller neighbors. The relevance of catastrophe theory to the study of demographic change is discussed.
Correspondence: R. Domanski, Academy of Economics, Poznan, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Karen O. Culture and the fertility transition: thoughts
on theories of fertility decline. Genus, Vol. 48, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec
1992. 1-14 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
"This paper attempts to clarify current thinking about the causes of fertility transition by noting that there is implicitly more than one question that can be asked under this rubric, with the answer to different questions not necessarily being the same; that there are distracting confusions involving such terms as 'cultural', 'ideational', 'diffusion', and 'fertility regulation' in recent discussions of the causes of the fertility transition; and that much of the evidence marshalled to support the ideational/diffusion/fertility regulation view of fertility is ambiguous."
Correspondence: K. O. Mason, East-West Center, Program in Population, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Geoffrey. Malthusian scenarios and demographic
catastrophism. Population Council Research Division Working Paper,
No. 49, 1993. 30 pp. Population Council: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author compares the contrasting views of ecologists and social scientists with regard to the course of current and future global population change.
Correspondence: Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
A. M. C. Analysis and ideology in Malthus's Essay on
Population. Australian Economic Papers, Vol. 31, No. 58, Jun 1992.
203-17 pp. Adelaide, Australia. In Eng.
The author develops the argument that Robert Malthus's Essay on Population was primarily intended to refute the ideas of human perfectibility advanced by Condorcet and Godwin, and in particular as a response to their attacks on the concept of property. A reconstruction of Malthus's economic analysis is attempted in order to capture in mathematical form what his production function would have been, and to analyze the relationship between population growth and food supply.
Correspondence: A. M. C. Waterman, St John's College, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2M5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
59:40015 Zavala de
Cosio, Maria E. The demographic transition in Latin
America and Europe. [La transicion demografica en America Latina y
en Europa.] Notas de Poblacion, Vol. 20, No. 56, Dec 1992. 11-32 pp.
Santiago, Chile. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews two demographic transition models for Latin America. The first is similar to Europe's modern reproductive patterns. The other applies to women with traditional reproductive behaviors, including early marriage and high fertility. The implications of each model for future fertility decline and economic growth are discussed.
Correspondence: M. E. Zavala de Cosio, Universite de Paris X, 200 Avenue de la Republique, 92001 Nanterre Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Allan M. Population geography: disorder, death and future
directions. Progress in Human Geography, Vol. 17, No. 1, Mar 1993.
73-83 pp. Sevenoaks, England. In Eng.
This is one in a series of reports on research trends in population geography. The author suggests that recent political changes concerning the breakup of the former Soviet Union and a possible decline in concern among developed countries about the problems of developing ones should affect the research agenda. Particular attention is given to studies done on differential mortality and internal migration in developed countries.
For a previous report, published in 1992, see 58:30014.
Correspondence: A. M. Findlay, University of Glasgow, Applied Population Research Unit, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Hiroshi. The place of demography in Durkheim's system of
sociology. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems,
Vol. 47, No. 4, Jan 1992. 35-9 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
The author examines the role of demography in Emile Durkheim's system of sociology, basing his approach on that of the scholar Jacques Bertillon.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:40018 Low, Bobbi
S. Ecological demography: a synthetic focus in
evolutionary anthropology. Evolutionary Anthropology, 1993. 177-87
pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Ecological demography arises from two facts: that the reproductive behavior of humans, like that of other species, is influenced by natural selection and that current fitness is the product of both genotype and environment. Here I review classic atheoretical and recent theoretical studies that contribute to this emerging field, exploring the extent to which human reproductive responses to ecological conditions, considered in their broadest context, follow the same selective rules as other species."
Correspondence: B. S. Low, University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and Environment, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Betty; White, Neville. Hunter-gatherer demography: past
and present. Oceania Monograph, No. 39, ISBN 0-86758-491-2. 1990.
viii, 196 pp. University of Sydney, Oceania Publications: Sydney,
Australia. In Eng.
This publication contains 15 papers on the demography of hunter-gatherer populations. The papers were presented at the Fifth International Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies held in Darwin, Australia, in August-September, 1988, and are grouped into two sections: the first involving the reconstruction of past populations and the second concerned with the demography of contemporary populations of hunters and gatherers. Most of the papers deal with populations in Australia.
Correspondence: University of Sydney, Oceania Committee, Oceania Publications, 116 Darlington Road, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:40020 Roth, Eric
A. A reexamination of Rendille population regulation.
American Anthropologist, Vol. 95, No. 3, Sep 1993. 597-611 pp.
Arlington, Virginia. In Eng.
The author uses anthropological data to analyze the existence of cultural practices that effectively limit fertility among the Rendille pastoralists of northern Kenya. "Analysis reveals that the Rendille cultural institution of sepaade, in which females of a specific cyclical age-set delay their age at marriage, significantly reduces fertility and population growth rates. However, this practice is not intended as a means of population-resource equilibrium. Furthermore, Rendille cognizance of and emphasis on the negative demographic concomitants of sepaade suggest that the tradition was adopted despite, rather than because of its dampening of population growth."
Correspondence: E. R. Roth, University of Victoria, Department of Anthropology, P.O. Box 3050, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Donald J.; Arriaga, Eduardo E.; Anderton, Douglas L.; Rumsey, George
W. Readings in population research methodology. ISBN
1-884211-01-1. 1993. United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]: New York,
New York; Social Development Center: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
This publication, which is in eight volumes, attempts to put together a complete reference source covering the full range of population research methodology. "It is designed to satisfy as completely as possible the methodological needs for both the training of students at beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels, and for expanding the methodological horizons of all demographers." Volume 1 deals with the basic tools of demography, including measurement of population size, composition, and distribution; birth, death, marriage, and migration rates; sources of demographic data; evaluation of data quality; correction, graduation, and interpolation of population data; and standardization and decomposition of group differences. Volume 2 is concerned with mortality and Volume 3 with fertility. Volume 4 deals with nuptiality, migration, household, and family research. Volume 5 examines population models, projections, and estimates. Volume 6 is about advanced basic tools, including survival and event history methods, multistate methods, contextual and multi-level methods, and techniques for qualitative analysis. Volume 7 focuses on contraception and family planning, and Volume 8 on the environment and economic issues.
Correspondence: Social Development Center, 1313 East 60th Street, Suite 67, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Etienne. Population education. [Education en matiere
de population.] International Review of Education/Internationale
Zeitschrift fur Erziehungswissenschaft/Revue Internationale de
Pedagogie, Vol. 39, No. 1-2, Mar 1993. 157 pp. Unesco Institute for
Education: Hamburg, Germany; Kluwer Academic: Hingham,
Massachusetts/Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng; Fre.
This special issue concerns aspects of population education. The 23 articles are in English or French and are divided into five sections. Following a general introduction to population problems in the context of the twenty-first century, the sections concern whether such problems can form the subject of educational action, the content of population education, the societal context of population education, examples in action, and notes on activities. The geographical scope of the collection is worldwide.
Correspondence: Unesco Institute for Education, Feldbrunnenstrasse 58, 2000 Hamburg 13, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
William F.; Jones, Melvyn. An introduction to population
geography. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-521-42360-0. 1993. 172 pp. Cambridge
University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This is a revised and updated edition of a textbook on population geography. The textbook is written for students of geography at the advanced high school or introductory undergraduate level. Two major population concepts are considered, population growth and distribution, and migration. These two concepts are examined and illustrated using examples from developed and developing countries.
For the first edition, published in 1980, see 47:2034.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Mohamed. Demography: analysis, practice, and policies.
Volume 1: analysis. [Demographie: analyse, pratique et
politiques. Tome 1: analyse.] 1992. 136 pp. Imprimerie Najah El
Jadida: Casablanca, Morocco. In Fre.
This is an introductory textbook to demography, focusing on Morocco. It includes chapters on data sources, spatial distribution, population characteristics, mortality, fertility, the labor force, and population projections.
Correspondence: Imprimerie Najah El Jadida, Casablanca, Morocco. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.
Weiss-Altaner, Eric. The principles of political
demography: population, urbanization, and development. [Principes
de demographie politique: population, urbanisation et developpement.]
Collection CEDI, ISBN 2-7178-2291-7. 1992. ix, 247 pp. Economica:
Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the relationship between population and development, with a focus on how policy can affect this relationship. It is designed primarily as an undergraduate-level text book. The first part examines demographic trends in the context of social reproduction. The second part looks at population trends as a whole, as well as at mortality, fertility, and migration, and gives consideration to urbanization. The work concludes with an attempt to spell out the principles of political demography. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: Economica, 72 rue de Lausanne, 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.