Michel L. Alfred Sauvy: companion to the century.
[Alfred Sauvy: compagnon du siecle.] Les Classiques de la Manufacture,
ISBN 2-7377-0235-6. LC 91-102200. 1990. 220 pp. La Manufacture: Paris,
France. In Fre.
This work celebrates the life of Alfred Sauvy, the eminent French demographer and man of letters. It describes his contributions in the fields of economy, demography, statistics, history, journalism, and literature, and above all as a communicator who used statistical data to inform the general public about matters of importance.
Correspondence: La Manufacture, 24 place des Vosges, 75003 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Elza. Some questions for the demography of the
nineties. [Algumas questoes para a demografia dos anos noventa.]
Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Populacao, Vol. 8, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec
1991. 55-60 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
The author addresses some demographic issues pertinent to research in Brazil through the 1990s. Aspects considered include the feasibility of using the individual as a unit of analysis; determinants and consequences of population change; and theoretical formulations of changes in fertility and family composition.
Correspondence: E. Berquo, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao, Caixa Postal 6166, CEP 13081 Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
D. Scott. What have we learned since Malthus?
Canadian Geographer/Geographe Canadien, Vol. 37, No. 1, Spring 1993.
76-81 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng.
In the context of the recent publication of new editions of many of the works of Thomas R. Malthus, this review essay examines what has been learned about "population growth and decline, and its relationship to human health, poverty, and environmental degradation." The emphasis is on interdisciplinary approaches to these issues.
Correspondence: D. S. Slocombe, Wilfrid Laurier University, Department of Geography, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3C5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
59:30004 de Bruijn,
Bart. Interdisciplinary backgrounds of fertility
theory. PDOD Paper, No. 16, Apr 1993. 65 pp. Universiteit van
Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie [PDOD]:
Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author describes the theoretical frameworks within the current study of fertility, particularly those that concern family planning programs.
Correspondence: Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie, Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:30005 Hoem, Jan
M. Classical demographic methods of analysis and modern
event-history techniques. No. 75, ISBN 91-7820-066-0. Feb 1993. 31
pp. Stockholm University, Demography Unit: Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"My purpose is to display the links between some classical methods of demographic analysis and their modern generalizations in event-history analysis. I will do so mostly by means of illustrative examples [from Sweden]."
Correspondence: Stockholms Universitet, Demografiska Avdelningen, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Charlotte. Current population issues in Europe and the
other industrialized countries. [Aktuelle Bevolkerungsfragen in
Europa und in den anderen Industrielandern.] Zeitschrift fur
Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 18, No. 3, 1992. 271-89 pp. Wiesbaden,
Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"This paper...starts with some theoretical deliberations on the interrelationships between society, economy, population and political action. It is argued that the first secular fertility decline in [Europe and] the more developed regions which brought fertility to replacement level was governed by the forces of modernization, industrialization, urbanization, and increasing education....The demographic consequences of the low fertility in more developed regions are shown by presenting some results of the latest UN-population projections up to the year 2025....In all variants the relevant result is that further demographic ageing is inevitable." Implications for social, family, migration, and health care policies are described.
Correspondence: C. Hohn, Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 6, Postfach 5528, 6200 Wiesbaden 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ron. The second demographic transition in Western
countries: an interpretation. [Der zweite demographische Ubergang
in den westlichen Landern: eine Deutung.] Zeitschrift fur
Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 18, No. 3, 1992. 313-54 pp. Wiesbaden,
Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"This article argues that the demographic changes since the 1950s in the Western world...with respect to family formation and dissolution form a sufficiently cohesive set to warrant a more holistic treatment instead of a variable by variable approach....The central point made in the paper is that, alongside the influence of economic factors, the recent demographic changes are also closely connected with the rise of manifestations of individual autonomy. Evidence gathered at the micro-level in a variety of countries is discussed within the framework of a theory with multiple causation, and a statistical analysis at the macro-level (24 countries) is also presented. The outcome of both is consistent in the demonstration that ideational developments form a non-redundant ingredient in the explanation. Nevertheless, the country-level analysis shows that non-negligible national idiosyncrasies remain, even after allowing for the combined influences of both economic and cultural factors."
Correspondence: R. Lesthaeghe, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Julian L. Economic thought about population consequences:
some reflections. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 6, No. 2,
1993. 137-52 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
The author reviews the literature on economic thought regarding the effects of population change. He focuses on writings from the period during which Malthus wrote and from the 1960s to the present.
Correspondence: J. L. Simon, University of Maryland, College of Business and Management, College Park, MD 20742. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:30009 van Dalen,
Hendrik P. On the demographic realism of the Ricardian
theory of public finance. Economist, Vol. 140, No. 2, 1992. 204-32
pp. Leiden, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author investigates how demographic change can influence the fiscal policy of a government "that has to finance an exogenous flow of public spending by the choice between lump-sum taxation and the use of public bonds. In other words, I will examine the conditions of debt neutrality, better known as the Ricardian equivalence theorem of public finance." The results suggest that "the heterogeneity of agents plays a decisive role in destroying Ricardian equivalence of public finance. In addition to the usual explanatory factors of non-neutrality, such as distortionary taxation, public debt is not equivalent to current taxation as a consequence of (1) disconnected dynasties, (2) uncertain lifetimes, (3) diverging birth rates, (4) international migration, (5) population growth uncertainty, (6) diverging rates of time preference, and (7) capital market imperfections."
Correspondence: H. P. van Dalen, Erasmus University, Department of Mathematical Economics, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.
Nathan. Are there ecological limits to population?
IIASA Working Paper, No. WP-93-16, Apr 1993. v, 34 pp. International
Institute for Applied Systems Analysis [IIASA]: Laxenburg, Austria. In
The author suggests that the differences in expert advice available to policymakers regarding the desirability of population growth are due to the different approaches taken by biologists and economists.
Correspondence: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
W. F.; Goethals, A. L. J. Quantitative geographical
methods, applied in demography and urban planning research. SISWO
Publication, No. 366, ISBN 90-6706-108-5. 1993. 178 pp. Netherlands
Universities Institute for Coordination of Research in Social Sciences
[SISWO]: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This book is a joint effort of the Dutch Working Group on Mathematical Geography and Urban Planning, together with two Dutch graduate schools: NETHUR (urban planning) and PDOD (demography). The book starts with a range of recent problems in demographic analysis of the life-cycle. [This is] followed by two contributions, dealing with respectively the conjoint choice approach and scenario-based spatial decision support systems. The result is a general overview of current work in quantitative geography methods, as applied in demographic and urban planning research in the Netherlands."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Netherlands Universities Institute for Coordination of Research in Social Sciences, Plantage Muidergracht 4, 1018 TV Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Tony. Population matters: the local dimension. ISBN
1-85396-201-5. 1993. xiii, 189 pp. Paul Chapman Publishing: London,
England. In Eng.
This textbook, designed for second- and third-year students at the undergraduate level, concerns current demographic trends in Great Britain. It examines "the scale and significance of the local dimensions of these developments and the implications for central government, complementing the existing literature which focuses...on the overall national picture. It contains a set of ten original studies which demonstrate the existence of marked geographical variations in population profiles and trends and highlight the main implications and responses. The focus is primarily on those policy areas where there needs to be a local-scale mechanism for decision-making and implementation, such as education, labour recruitment, house-building needs, social services and health care."
Correspondence: Paul Chapman Publishing, 144 Liverpool Road, London N1 1LA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Josianne; Vilquin, Eric. Mathematics for demographers:
some theoretical reminders and practical examples. [Mathematiques
pour demographes: rappels theoriques--excercices resolus.] ISBN
2-87209-189-0. 1992. vi, 224 pp. Academia: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium;
Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Demographie:
Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Fre.
This textbook introduces basic mathematical skills required for demographic analysis. Each chapter on a theoretical concept is followed by a selection of illustrations that apply the concepts to practical examples in demography. No previous knowledge of demography is required, but the reader should be familiar with the basics of calculus. The textbook is designed primarily for demography students, but can be relevant for students in related disciplines.
Correspondence: Academia-Erasme, 25/115 Grand'Rue, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:30014 Gould, W.
T. S. People and education in the third world.
Longman Development Studies, ISBN 0-582-00560-4. 1993. x, 232 pp.
Longman Scientific and Technical: Essex, England; John Wiley and Sons:
New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one in a series of introductory texts designed for use in colleges and universities in developing countries and dealing with development issues. This book examines the rapid expansion in education that has occurred in the developing world and its impact on improvements in social and economic life. Chapters are included on the relationship between education and population growth, human resource development, and education and migration.
Correspondence: Longman Scientific and Technical, Longman House, Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex CM20 2JE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Janez. Demography: theory, analysis, methods, and
models. [Demografija: teorija, analiza, metode in modeli.] 1993.
xi, 367 pp. Univerza v Ljubljani, Ekonomska Fakulteta: Ljubljana,
Slovenia. In Slv.
This is a general introductory demography textbook intended for undergraduate students from various disciplines. It contains seven parts divided into 16 chapters. The parts are devoted to the basics of demographic statistics and analysis, demographic processes, population growth, reproduction and population projections, general population development, population models, population economics, policy, and prospects for demography. Empirical examples from various countries are included. Examples of input and output files for making population projections using a personal computer are included in an appendix.
Correspondence: Univerza v Ljubljani, Ekonomska Fakulteta, Kardeljeva ploscad 17, 61.000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).