Volume 59 - Number 2 - Summer 1993

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

59:20725 Gowariker, Vasant. Science, population and development: an exploration of interconnectivities and action possibilities in India. ISBN 81-85304-47-5. Jan 1992. xii, 452 pp. Unmesh Communications: Pune, India. In Eng.
This is a collection of essays by various authors on the relationships among population growth, sustainable development, technology, and science in India. Separate sections cover health issues, including population policy and fertility control; the environment and resources, including natural resources and manufactured products; such infrastructure issues as housing and urbanization; social factors, including literacy and women in development; and policy issues.
Correspondence: Unmesh Communications, 1/1 Jayadev Nagar, Pune 411 030, India. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

59:20726 Jones, Gavin W. Population dynamics and education and health planning. Background Papers for Training in Population, Human Resources and Development Planning, No. 8, ISBN 92-2-107417-X. 1990. vi, 88 pp. International Labour Office [ILO], World Employment Programme: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"This paper outlines the role of education and health in influencing the productivity of the workforce, examines the progress made by developing countries in raising levels of education and health, explains the need for a holistic approach to the improvement of health and education provision, and provides an introduction to education and health planning approaches and methodologies. It brings out clearly the fundamental relevance of population dynamics to education and health planning."
Correspondence: International Labour Office, World Employment Programme, 4 Route des Morillons, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20727 Pollet, Gilles. The lessons of history. [Les lecons de l'histoire.] Revue des Deux Mondes, Mar 1993. 91-103 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author presents a historical review of the French system of old-age security.
Correspondence: G. Pollet, Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Grenoble, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20728 Stiens, Gerhard. Future impact of population aging on local social budgets. A regionally differentiated impact study. [Kunftige Auswirkungen der "Bevolkerungsalterung" auf die kommunalen Sozialbudgets. Eine raumlich differenzierende Wirkungsabschatzung.] Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, No. 3-4, 1991. 123-36 pp. Bonn, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
The projected impact of population aging on local social budgets in West Germany is analyzed for the period 1990-2020. Comparisons are made between different types of settlement structure categories, and the effects of increased immigration are also assessed.
Correspondence: G. Stiens, Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landeskunde und Raumordnung, Am Michaelshof 8, 5300 Bonn 2, Germany. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

59:20729 United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Women, population and development. UNFPA Report, ISBN 0-89714-133-4. [1991]. 25 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one in a series of publications examining population issues and developments in developing countries. This is a report from "the Third meeting of the UNFPA Advisory Panel on Women, Population and Development...held in New York on 13-14 February 1991." Topics covered include the status of strategy implementation regarding women, population, and development; women and reproductive health; the safe motherhood initiative; women and the environment; and women and micro-enterprises, with a focus on Uganda.
Correspondence: United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

59:20730 Cairncross, Frances. World population trends. Policy Studies, Vol. 11, No. 3, Autumn 1990. 21-9 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author briefly reviews global demographic trends, focusing on differences between developed and developing countries. She concludes that the demographic factor may become the dominant force behind world politics in the coming century. Topics covered include food production prospects, population and economic growth, and demographic aging.
Location: Yale University, Sterling Library, New Haven, CT.

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

59:20731 Amat-Roze, Jeanne-Marie. Geographic inequalities in HIV infection and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. [Les inegalites geographiques de l'infection a VIH et du SIDA en Afrique sud-saharienne.] Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 10, May 1993. 1,247-56 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines geographic variations in HIV infection and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. The impact of environmental, cultural, political, social, and economic factors is assessed.
Correspondence: J.-M. Amat-Roze, Universite Paris-Sorbonne, UFR de Geographie, 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20732 Barnett, Tony; Blaikie, Piers. AIDS in Africa: its present and future impact. ISBN 1-85293-115-9. 1992. ix, 193 pp. Belhaven Press: London, England. In Eng.
The authors first describe the epidemiology of AIDS, then outline the historical, social, political, and economic conditions that have contributed to its rapid spread in Africa. Finally, they examine the possible social and economic consequences of the epidemic in the medium-range future. A chapter is included on the demographic impact of the disease.
Correspondence: Belhaven Press, 25 Floral Street, London WC2E 9DS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20733 Billy, John O. G.; Tanfer, Koray; Grady, William R.; Klepinger, Daniel H. The sexual behavior of men in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 25, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1993. 52-60 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"We describe the prevalence and incidence of vaginal, anal and oral sex acts and the sexual orientation of men in the United States. We also examine how sexual practices and orientation vary by social and demographic characteristics. This study provides information about men who are at high risk of contracting and transmitting AIDS and other STDs because of their sexual behavior....The data for this study were taken from the National Survey of Men (NSM-1), a nationally representative sample of men aged 20-39 from households in the coterminous United States....Individual interviews with 3,321 respondents of all marital statuses were conducted in 1991...."
Correspondence: J. O. G. Billy, Battelle Human Affairs Research Centers, 4000 NE 41st Street, Seattle, WA 98105. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20734 Bolivia. Consejo Nacional de Poblacion [CONAPO] Secretaria Tecnica (La Paz, Bolivia). Women: pregnancy, nutrition, and health (a study in marginal urban and very rural areas of Bolivia). [Mujer: embarazo, alimentacion y salud (estudio en contextos urbano marginales y de alta ruralidad en Bolivia).] 1991. 413 pp. Ministerio de Planeamiento y Coordinacion: La Paz, Bolivia. In Spa.
The relationships among pregnancy, nutritional status, and health for low-income women in the departments of La Paz, Cochabamba, and Santa Cruz, Bolivia, are examined. Data cover the late 1980s and concern housing, nutrition among pregnant and lactating women, women using maternal and child health services, and infant mortality.
Correspondence: Consejo Nacional de Poblacion, Secretaria Tecnica, Avenida Arce 2147, Casilla 6982, La Paz, Bolivia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20735 Curto de Casas, Susana I. Geographical inequalities in mortality in Latin America. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 10, May 1993. 1,349-55 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper is an attempt to synthesize several models of health and levels of affluence in Latin America. An analysis is accomplished wherein various countries and regions of Latin America are classified for health purposes as either products of a poverty model or a wealth model. Variables utilized include: mortality rates in preschool children and infants; elderly mortality; life expectancy; and overall causes of death. All three of the general models can be found in different parts of Latin America."
Correspondence: S. I. Curto de Casas, GAEA, Avenida Rivadavia 1653, 1033 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20736 Desai, Sonalde. The impact of family size on children's nutritional status: insights from a comparative perspective. Population Council Research Division Working Paper, No. 46, 1992. 41 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for 16 developing countries, this paper examines the impact of family size on children's physical growth."
Correspondence: Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20737 Gittinger, J. Price; Bradford, Carol. World Bank project-financed research on population, health, and nutrition. Policy Research Working Paper: Population, Health, and Nutrition, No. WPS 1046, Nov 1992. 16 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors review the quality of research conducted as part of World Bank-funded projects in the areas of population, health, and nutrition over the period 1980-1991.
Correspondence: World Bank, Population and Human Resources Department, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20738 Golub, Andrew; Gorr, Wilpen L.; Gould, Peter R. Spatial diffusion of the HIV/AIDS epidemic: modeling implications and case study of AIDS incidence in Ohio. Geographical Analysis, Vol. 25, No. 2, Apr 1993. 85-100 pp. Columbus, Ohio. In Eng.
"This paper extends a compartmental epidemiological model for HIV transmission and AIDS incidence to include hierarchical and expansion spatial diffusion. An implication of the resultant model is that hierarchical diffusion causes the large infection growth rates of densely populated areas at the top of the central places hierarchy to 'chain' down and dominate small local growth rates during the exponential-growth phase of the epidemic. Also, hierarchical diffusion causes a high transient growth rate in the first few years of a local epidemic. The spatial compartmental model fits observed AIDS incidence spatial diffusion patterns in Ohio reasonably well."
Correspondence: W. L. Gorr, Carnegie Mellon University, H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

59:20739 Haghebaert, Bruno. The demographic impact of famines. [De demografische impact van hongersnoden.] Tijdschrift voor Sociale Wetenschappen, Vol. 37, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1992. 1-24 pp. Ghent, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"Demographic research into famine has long been dominated by studies of its impact on mortality. Only recently some attempts have been made to relate famine to the other demographic processes of fertility, marriage and migration. Based on five case-studies, this article tries to identify the often complex interrelationships between famine and the major demographic processes. At the same time, attention is paid to the interactions between the demographic processes themselves. Furthermore, two conceptual frameworks examining these relationships are discussed. Finally, the importance of this subject both for the study of demographic behaviour and for famine relief programmes is stressed."
Correspondence: B. Haghebaert, Rijksuniversiteit te Gent, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 25, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20740 Harris, Carl M.; Rattner, Edward; Sutton, Clifton. Forecasting the extent of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Vol. 26, No. 3, Jul 1992. 149-68 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper has a dual objective: (1) to describe the current status of the structure of a newly developed model system to generate a wide span of U.S. HIV/AIDS estimates; and (2) to implement that system through the development of a dataset of HIV/AIDS incidence and prevalence, by stage, in the [United States] for a range of past and future years....The model estimates that cumulative cases of AIDS by end-1991 will be approximately 360,000 and, that by end-1992, those cases will have increased to approximately 473,000."
Correspondence: C. M. Harris, George Mason University, Department of Operations Research and Applied Statistics, Fairfax, VA 22030. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20741 Higgins, Paul A.; Alderman, Harold. Labor and women's nutrition: a study of energy expenditure, fertility, and nutritional status in Ghana. Policy Research Working Paper: Population, Health, and Nutrition, No. WPS 1009, Oct 1992. 41 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The authors examine "heterogeneity in an individual's energy expenditures....The results...appear to confirm the existence of a maternal depletion syndrome."
Correspondence: World Bank, Population and Human Resources Department, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20742 Hira, Subhash K.; Lyerly, William H.; Perine, Peter L. Designing appropriate intervention strategies for HIV/AIDS in southern Africa. Population and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jan 1993. 307-13 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors review the AIDS situation in Zambia, with a focus on the need for prevention programs.
Correspondence: S. K. Hira, University Teaching Hospital, Department of Dermatovenerology, Lusaka, Zambia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20743 Jacobson, Jodi L. Women's reproductive health: the silent emergency. Worldwatch Paper, No. 102, ISBN 1-878071-03-3. LC 91-065780. Jun 1991. 70 pp. Worldwatch Institute: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author examines the reproductive health of women worldwide, with a focus on issues exacerbated by poverty and low socioeconomic status. Consideration is given to maternal mortality, reproductive tract infections, and family planning and health services needs.
Correspondence: Worldwatch Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20036. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20744 Jonsen, Albert R.; Stryker, Jeff. The social impact of AIDS in the United States. ISBN 0-309-04628-9. LC 92-38885. 1993. xi, 322 pp. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a report from the Panel on Monitoring the Social Impact of the AIDS Epidemic, set up in 1989 by the Committee on AIDS Research in the Social, Behavioral, and Statistical Sciences, which was in turn set up in 1987 by the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences. "Its objective is to form a picture of the effects of the AIDS epidemic on selected social and cultural institutions in the United States and to describe how those institutions have responded to the impact of the epidemic."
Correspondence: National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20418. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20745 Kaijage, Frederick J. AIDS control and the burden of history in northwestern Tanzania. Population and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jan 1993. 279-300 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper addresses, from a social history perspective, issues which have a bearing on the question of heterosexual transmission of HIV in northwestern Tanzania. It focuses on three main themes: historical antecedents in the social construction of disease, the cultural dimension of Haya sexuality, and the socioeconomic basis of HIV transmission." Special consideration is given to HIV infection among members of the Haya tribe.
Correspondence: F. J. Kaijage, University of Dar es Salaam, Department of History, Box 35050, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20746 Kiple, Kenneth F. The Cambridge world history of human disease. ISBN 0-521-33286-9. LC 92-4173. 1993. xxiv, 1,176 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This work is an epidemiological history of the world up to the present and is the product of the Cambridge History and Geography of Human Diseases Project, begun in 1985. It consists of the contributions of some 160 scholars from various disciplines and is divided into eight parts. A section on demographic aspects "focuses on measuring the health of various groups by nutritional status, by morbidity, and especially by mortality. An extremely important contribution of this section derives from the methodological questions that are raised." The section includes separate consideration of maternal and infant mortality.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20747 Klepinger, Daniel H.; Billy, John O. G.; Tanfer, Koray; Grady, William R. Perceptions of AIDS risk and severity and their association with risk-related behavior among U.S. men. Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 25, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1993. 74-82 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"According to a nationally representative sample of 3,321 men aged 20-39 surveyed in 1991, men appear well aware of the severity of AIDS....Men's perceptions of the disease's severity seem to have little impact on their sexual behavior, with no clear relationship between men's knowledge of AIDS and their recent number or sex acts, their condom use or their participation in anal or casual sex. Men's perceptions of the general risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission also appear to have little impact either on the concerns about AIDS or on their behavior, but their perceptions about the AIDS rate in their local community do affect their concerns and behavior." Data are from the 1991 [U.S.] National Survey of Men.
Correspondence: D. H. Klepinger, Battelle Human Affairs Research Centers, 4000 NE 41st Street, Seattle, WA 98105. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20748 Knolle, Helmut. The number of previous partners in models of the transmission of AIDS through sexual intercourse. [Nombre passe de partenaires dans les modeles de transmission du SIDA par voie sexuelle.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1993. 111-23 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Explicit hypotheses relating to the choice of sexual partners are necessary to construct models of the transmission of AIDS which take account of differences between the sexual behaviour of different groups. In this paper, the population [of selected countries] is stratified according to the number of previous sexual partners, and different types of choice are studied. By using different hypotheses relating to the risk of infection, it is possible to construct an infection transmission matrix, which can be used to define a threshold which would have to be achieved before an epidemic could develop. Homogamy reduces the probability of an AIDS epidemic in the population as a whole."
Correspondence: H. Knolle, Office Federal de la Sante Publique, Bern, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20749 Lanegran, Kim; Hyden, Goran. Mapping the politics of AIDS: illustrations from east Africa. Population and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jan 1993. 245-63 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors analyze the political aspects of the AIDS pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. Consideration is given to getting AIDS onto the public agenda, the need for African countries to set up their own AIDS agenda, and cultural factors inhibiting prevention programs.
Correspondence: G. Hyden, University of Florida, Department of Political Science, Gainesville, FL 32611-2036. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20750 LeGrand, Thomas K.; Mbacke, Cheikh S. M. Teenage pregnancy and child health and mortality in the urban Sahel. Centre de Recherche et Developpement en Economique Cahier, No. 1992, ISBN 2-89382-155-3. Jul 1992. 26, iv pp. Universite de Montreal, Centre de Recherche et Developpement en Economique [CRDE]: Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"Longitudinal data on over 20,000 live births in the cities of Bamako, [Mali] and Bobo-Dioulasso, [Burkina Faso] are studied to examine the effects of young maternal age...on health and child feeding behavior, birth weight, and child mortality...."
Correspondence: Universite de Montreal, Centre de Recherche et Developpement en Economique, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20751 Loslier, Luc. The geo-systemic model and mortality in Ubon-Ratchathani. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 10, May 1993. 1,335-8 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author describes a data base developed in Thailand that includes social, economic, service, housing, agriculture, and health statistics for 2,383 villages in the northeastern province of Ubon-Ratchathani. The use of the data to study morbidity and mortality differentials is examined.
Correspondence: L. Loslier, Universite du Quebec, Departement de Geographie, CP 8888, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20752 Mack, Arien. In time of plague: the history and social consequences of lethal epidemic disease. ISBN 0-8147-5467-8. LC 91-13750. 1991. xii, 206 pp. New York University Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a collection of 13 studies on catastrophic infectious and contagious diseases. The focus is on the study of past epidemics and what can be learned about such modern epidemics as AIDS. Questions considered include "how has the definition of disease differed throughout history? How have new technologies and advances in epidemiology changed our perception and response to disease? When has quarantine been appropriate or effective? What norms should govern our thinking about responsibility, culpability, legality, and confidentiality? What does society owe the victims? What, in turn, are the responsibilities of the carrier population?"
Correspondence: New York University Press, Washington Square, New York, NY 10003. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

59:20753 Marquez Morfin, Lourdes. Cholera in Mexico City during the nineteenth century. [El colera en la Ciudad de Mexico en el siglo XIX.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1992. 77-93 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author draws on epidemiological and historical records for this description of the demographic impact of the fatal cholera epidemics of 1833 and 1848-1850 on the population of Mexico City, Mexico. Consideration is given to political, economic, and social factors that influenced the spread of the disease.
Correspondence: L. Marquez Morfin, Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia, Centro Regional Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20754 Obbo, Christine. HIV transmission: men are the solution. Population and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jan 1993. 211-43 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author evaluates the incidence and transmission of AIDS and HIV in Uganda, with a focus on the large proportion of infected young women. Consideration is given to cultural influences, sexual behavior, condoms and women's vulnerability to HIV infection, students' knowledge about the disease, and the effect of tougher government policy toward rape. "The data in the paper suggest that effective control of HIV transmission depends upon men changing their attitudes toward female sexuality." Data are from a study conducted in 1989 and 1990 in the Raikai district.
Correspondence: C. Obbo, Le Rovdier, Lisle, 24350 Tocane St. Apre, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20755 Pachauri, Saroj. A reproductive health approach to the population problem. Demography India, Vol. 20, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1991. 155-62 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author presents a plan to improve India's reproductive health services and discusses how such services can aid in population control.
Correspondence: S. Pachauri, Ford Foundation, 55 Lodi Estate, New Delhi, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20756 Remis, Robert S.; Sutherland, W. Donald. The epidemiology of HIV and AIDS in Canada: current perspectives and future needs. Canadian Journal of Public Health/Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique, Vol. 84, Suppl. 1, Jan-Feb 1993. S34-8 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this article, we present a brief overview of the epidemiology of AIDS and HIV in Canada. We identify some disturbing trends in the epidemic and reiterate the need for more information to improve our preventive efforts and help set research priorities to help plan future studies."
Correspondence: R. S. Remis, Montreal General Hospital, Centre for AIDS Studies, Department of Community Health, 980 rue Guy, Suite 300A, Montreal, Quebec H3H 2K3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20757 Smallman-Raynor, Matthew; Cliff, Andrew; Haggett, Peter. London international atlas of AIDS. Blackwell Reference, ISBN 0-631-17812-0. LC 92-19737. 1992. x, 430 pp. Blackwell: Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This atlas details, in map form, the global development of AIDS over the course of the 1980s. It is arranged in four sections. "In Part One...we consider the virological character of AIDS...and the sources of information upon which our knowledge of the disease and its causative virus, HIV, are based....In Part Two...we go on to look at the question of when and where AIDS originated...and the ways it has spread around the globe....The five chapters [in Part Three] consider in turn the contrasting geographical patterns of AIDS and HIV in major parts of the world. Finally in Part Four...we examine the pandemic from an economic perspective...and consider the different scenarios that may lie ahead."
Correspondence: Blackwell Publishers, 108 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 1JF, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20758 Strohmenger, Claude; Peron, Yves. Expectation of healthy life. [L'esperance de vie en sante.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 20, No. 2, Autumn 1991. 201-482 pp. Association des Demographes du Quebec: Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This special issue contains 12 articles by various authors dealing with issues related to changes in the duration of life expectancy in good health. The geographical focus is on developed countries, with several papers devoted to Quebec province. Several authors consider methodological issues related to measuring this concept.
Correspondence: Association des Demographes du Quebec, C.P. 403, Succursale Cote-des-Neiges, Montreal, Quebec H3S 2S7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20759 Tessier, S. F.; Remy, G.; Louis, J. P.; Trebucq, A. The frontline of HIV1 diffusion in the central African region: a geographical and epidemiological perspective. International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 22, No. 1, Feb 1993. 127-34 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors present "a geographical analysis of the HIV1 epidemic in the Central African region....The description of the trends and apparent diffusion paths of HIV1 within the region and over time show...a rapid increase...in the 'high-rate countries' compared to a much slower increase, if any, in the 'low-rate countries'." The existence of the disease's frontline between the two sets of countries is demonstrated using maps.
Correspondence: S. F. Tessier, 132 rue du Chateau, 75014 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20760 United States. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS] (Hyattsville, Maryland). Health data on older Americans: United States, 1992. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 3: Analytic and Epidemiological Studies, No. 27, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 93-1411. ISBN 0-16-041645-0. LC 92-48880. Jan 1993. xii, 309 pp. Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report analyzes health data on older Americans from a variety of perspectives. Data cover functioning, mortality, use of health care, and changes in health status over time."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402-9328. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20761 Valleroy, Linda A.; Harris, Jeffrey R.; Way, Peter O. The consequences of HIV/AIDS in eastern Africa on mothers, children, and orphans. Population and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jan 1993. 301-5 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper presents two aspects of HIV infection and its impact on women and children in sub-Saharan Africa: the results of two analyses of the HIV-attributable mortality of mothers and the orphanhood of their young children."
Correspondence: L. A. Valleroy, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of STD/HIV Prevention, Mailstop E-44, Atlanta, GA 30333. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20762 Wallace, R. A fractal model of HIV transmission on complex sociogeographic networks: towards analysis of large data sets. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan 1993. 137-48 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"A paradigm of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) transmission along very large 'sociogeographic' networks--spatially focused nets of social interaction--is extended to include fractal (dilationally self-similar) structures upon which a metric of 'sociogeographic' distance can be defined....Techniques are sketched for determining the sociogeographic structure of a large, geographically centered social network, providing a possible empirical basis for predicting forms and rates of spread of the initial, rapid stages of an HIV outbreak for networks not yet infected, and perhaps greatly expanding the utility of routinely collected small-area administrative data sets in the design of mutually reinforcing, multifactorial disease-control strategies."
Correspondence: R. Wallace, PISCS Incorporated, 549 West 123rd Street, Suite 16F, New York, NY 10027. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

59:20763 Way, Peter O.; Stanecki, Karen. How bad will it be? Modelling the AIDS epidemic in eastern Africa. Population and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jan 1993. 265-78 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors utilize a U.S. Department of State model to predict the demographic impact of AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa from 1990 to 2015.
Correspondence: P. O. Way, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20764 World Bank (Washington, D.C). Tanzania: AIDS assessment and planning study. World Bank Country Study, ISBN 0-8213-2237-0. LC 92-32169. 1992. xxxviii, 161 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study assesses the current status, likely future development, and prospective demographic, economic, and other impacts of the AIDS epidemic [in Tanzania], and examines the options available for doing something about it." The report considers the demographic impact of AIDS on morbidity, mortality, fertility, and migration, as well as on population size, growth, and distribution.
Correspondence: World Bank Publications, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

59:20765 Cazes, Marie-Helene; Brown, E.; Floury, B.; Jacquard, A.; Sauvain-Dugerdil, C. The Dogon of Boni. A demo-genetic approach to a population isolate in Mali. [Les Dogon de Boni. Approche demo-genetique d'un isolat du Mali.] INED Travaux et Documents Cahier, No. 132, ISBN 2-7332-0132-8. 1993. xiv, 302, [32] pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an interdisciplinary analysis of the formation and development of a population isolate, the Dogon, in the harsh environmental conditions of the Sahel in Mali. The authors note that this population has developed into four distinct subpopulations, although they retain many social links. Their demographic regime is a traditional one, involving high mortality and fertility, but the demographic balance achieved is fragile because of the increasingly severe climatic conditions in the region.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20766 Williams, Jeff T. Origin and population structure of the Icelanders. Human Biology, Vol. 65, No. 2, Apr 1993. 167-91 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"Both the origin and the population structure of the Icelanders require further treatment, and the results of additional research into these issues are presented in this article. First, the origin of the Icelanders is clarified by estimating the Norse and Celtic components of admixture on a regional basis within Iceland rather than by treating the island as a whole, as previous studies have done....Second, the data on regional genetic variation are used to determine the contemporary population structure of Iceland....Finally, some implications of the observed population structure for investigating the origin of the Icelanders are considered. Iceland and its subdivisions are compared with possible European founding populations to assess the degree to which Iceland has genetically microdifferentiated in the millennium since its settlement."
Correspondence: J. T. Williams, University of Kansas, Department of Anthropology, Lawrence, KS 66045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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