Volume 59 - Number 2 - Summer 1993

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

59:20624 Bourdelais, Patrice. The new era of aging: a history of demographic aging. [Le nouvel age de la vieillesse: histoire du vieillissement de la population.] ISBN 2-7381-0200-X. Feb 1993. 441 pp. Editions Odile Jacob: Paris, France. In Fre.
This study concerns the changing significance of demographic aging. The author uses the example of France to show that while the percentage of the population over age 60 is increasing, the characteristics of the aged have changed dramatically. In contrast with earlier generations, today's older person is more active, more willing and able to contribute constructively to society, and has a longer healthy life expectancy. The need to reconsider our opinions about the consequences of demographic aging in modern economically advanced societies is noted.
Correspondence: Editions Odile Jacob, 15 rue Soufflot, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20625 Bucher, Hansjorg; Kocks, Martina. Immigrants from Eastern Europe and East Germany and an aging population. Will the "gray society" not come? [Aus- und Ubersiedler und alternde Bevolkerung. Wird die "ergraute Gesellschaft" nicht kommen?] Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, No. 3-4, 1991. 111-22 pp. Bonn, Germany. In Ger.
The projected impact of massive immigration from Eastern Europe and East Germany on the age structure of the population in West Germany is analyzed. The projections are for the period 1991-2020. An attempt is made to determine whether earlier projections of demographic aging are still valid.
Correspondence: H. Bucher, Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landeskunde und Raumordnung, Am Michaelshof 8, 5300 Bonn 2, Germany. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

59:20626 Chappell, Neena L. The aging of the Canadian population. [Le vieillissement de la population canadienne.] About Canada/Realites Canadiennes, Pub. Order No. S2-184/6-1990. ISBN 0-662-57213-0. 1990. 35, 32 pp. Department of the Secretary of State: Ottawa, Canada. In Eng; Fre.
"The intent of this booklet is to provide a realistic picture of seniors in Canada. It provides an overview, beginning with a brief description of selected social and demographic characteristics, such as sex, marital status, income and ethnicity. Health status--physical and mental--is described next and the booklet demonstrates that although health declines during old age, it is not the period of debilitation that many expect. Our social roles and how they change and evolve as we age are examined, and experiences such as the empty nest, retirement and widowhood are discussed....The Canadian health care system is explored, highlighting medical and institutional care."
Correspondence: Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Supply and Services Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S9, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20627 Chena, Rodolfo. The population of a Mexican parish in the eighteenth century: Santa Maria de la Presentation de Chilapa. [La poblacion de una parroquia novohispana del siglo XVIII: Santa Maria de la Presentacion de Chilapa.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1992. 169-92 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author analyzes parish registers and census data for Santa Maria de la Presentacion de Chilapa, Mexico, to determine the characteristics of the parish population during the final quarter of the eighteenth century. He provides estimates of age and sex distribution and marital status, and considers the demographic impact of epidemics and famines brought about by colonization.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20628 Crispell, Diane; Frey, William H. American maturity. American Demographics, Vol. 15, No. 3, Mar 1993. 31-42 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The authors explore demographic aging patterns and the geographic distribution of the population aged 65 and older in the United States. The focus is on data that will be of use to the commercial sector, with some information provided on migration by the elderly, health status and problems, and income levels.
Correspondence: D. Crispell, American Demographics, 127 West State Street, Ithaca, NY 14850. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20629 Dumont, Gerard-Francois. Aging: a significant social phenomenon. [Le vieillissement: un phenomene social majeur.] Revue des Deux Mondes, Mar 1993. 104-24 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author describes recent trends in demographic aging in France. He notes that the percentage of young people in the population has shown a steady decline since 1966. The implications of this trend for social policy are reviewed.
Correspondence: G.-F. Dumont, Observatoire des Retraites, 6 rue Bouchardon, 75495 Paris Cedex 10, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20630 Eisenbach, Zvi; Sabatello, Etan F. Demographic and socio-economic aspects of population aging in Israel. ISBN 92-9103-016-3. 1991. 119 pp. International Institute on Aging [INIA]: Valletta, Malta; Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography [CICRED]: Paris, France. In Eng.
This is one in a series of country monographs on demographic aging scheduled for publication as part of a cooperative project between INIA and CICRED. The present report concerns the socioeconomic aspects of demographic aging in Israel. It includes chapters on trends in demographic aging; determinants of aging; the geographical distribution of the elderly; families, households, and housing; social and economic characteristics of the elderly; health status; and policy issues.
Correspondence: International Institute on Aging, 117 St. Paul Street, Valletta, VLT 07, Malta. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20631 Feitosa, M. F.; Krieger, H. Some factors affecting the secondary sex ratio in a Latin American sample. Human Biology, Vol. 65, No. 2, Apr 1993. 273-8 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
The authors examine factors affecting the sex ratio in Latin America. "A sample based on hospital birth records from the Latin American Collaborative Study on Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) was used in this study....We applied several multivariate analysis models to the data and found that the sex ratio was significantly affected by secular, spatial (countries), biological (maternal age, birth order, and ethnic group), and socioeconomic (evaluated by hospital payment) variables. The black ethnic component carried sufficient weight to remove the spatial effect (Brazil and Venezuela) in certain cases. The Amerindian admixture effect on the sex ratio was negative and significant."
Correspondence: M. F. Feitosa, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Department of Genetics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20632 Gulati, Leela. Economic and social aspects of population ageing in Kerala, India. No. ST/ESA/SER.R/119, 1992. v, 56 pp. U.N. Department of Economic and Social Development: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one of three case studies commissioned by the U.N. Population Division on demographic aging in developing countries. "The main objectives of these studies are: (a) to illuminate the demographic processes that have brought about changes in the age structure of the population; and (b) to provide planners with a better understanding of the social and economic implications of such changes." The present study concerns the Indian state of Kerala, and also contains chapters on family care for the elderly, pension programs, and health-care systems.
Correspondence: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Development, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20633 Gupta, R. B. Inter-district variation in sex-ratios in Rajasthan--an analysis: 1951-91. Demography India, Vol. 20, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1991. 215-25 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
Variations in the sex ratio during the period 1951-1991 among districts in Rajasthan, India, are analyzed and compared. The author finds that "while tribal districts show a positive bias towards females in the population, desert and community domination specific districts indicate existence of female infanticide and low status of women leading to high mortality....The observed positive relationship between contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) and sex-ratio is an indication of better socio-economic status, which is true for the districts which depicted moderate sex-ratio...."
Correspondence: R. B. Gupta, Indian Institute of Health Management Research, Jaipur, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20634 Islam, Abu T. N. Age structure--a critical dimension in population problem. Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 15, No. 1, Jan 1989. 55-66 pp. Vancouver, Canada. In Eng.
The impact of Bangladesh's age structure on its economic development is investigated using data covering the period 1911-1981. Consideration is given to the dependency ratio, gross national product, and productivity by age group. The author finds that "the [increase in] young aged people [is] not the only obstacle towards...economic development, but the relative small percentage of economically active people [is] also equally responsible for [the] underdeveloped socio-economic structure."
Correspondence: A. T. N. Islam, University of Dhaka, Institute of Business Administration, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:20635 Miles, Toni P.; Brody, Jacob. International aging. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 3: Analytic and Epidemiological Studies, No. 27, Jan 1993. 289-95 pp. Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
A review of global trends in demographic aging is presented based on U.N. published data. Comparisons are made with the situation in the United States.
Correspondence: T. P. Miles, University of Illinois, P.O.B. 4348, Chicago, IL 60680. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20636 Mussino, Antonio. A strategy for analyzing and classifying demographic problems in Italy. [Una strategia di analisi per la classificazione del malessere demografico in Italia.] Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione Working Paper, No. 01/92, 1992. 46 pp. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione [IRP]: Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
A system for classifying regions in Italy by demographic characteristics is presented and illustrated using 1971 and 1981 data. The focus is on areas that are experiencing demographic crisis.
Correspondence: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20637 Olshansky, S. Jay; Carnes, Bruce A.; Cassel, Christine K. The aging of the human species. Scientific American, Vol. 268, No. 4, Apr 1993. 46-52 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This study examines the global phenomenon of demographic aging. "For the first time in the history of humanity, our species as a whole is growing older. Toward the middle of the next century the population will stabilize near the practical limit of human longevity. Instead of focusing only on explosive growth, as in the past, policymakers must also rethink many social and economic institutions so that they will address the needs of an older population."
Correspondence: S. J. Olshansky, University of Chicago, Population Research Center, 5801 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20638 Parant, Alain. Old age and demographic aging in France: the facts and their political implications. [Vieillesse et vieillissement demographique en France, realites et traductions politiques.] Politiques de Population: Etudes et Documents, Vol. 5, No. 1, ISBN 2-87209-224-2. Nov 1992. 111 pp. Academia-Erasme: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Social policy concerning the elderly in France that has existed since the Laroque Commission of 1962 is described. The author notes that although the current system has provided adequate incomes for the elderly, it has not helped to increase significantly the economic contribution of the older worker. The effects of demographic aging and increases in the dependency burden are also discussed. The author stresses the need for reforms to ensure continuing support for the elderly and to realize the maximum contribution by the elderly back to society.
Correspondence: Academia-Erasme, 25/115 Grand Rue, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20639 Schulz, James H. The world ageing situation 1991. No. ST/CSDMA/14, 1991. 132 pp. U.N. Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs: Vienna, Austria. In Eng.
The author reviews issues and trends concerning the world's aged population. Consideration is given to the definition of old; changes in the spatial distribution of the elderly and in their life-styles; the socioeconomic impact of demographic aging, including the effect on savings and investment, productivity, familial support systems, and social development; and such key issues as employment status, problems faced by older women, old age and blindness, and the development of appropriate housing and infrastructure. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: United Nations, Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs, Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (UN).

59:20640 Siegel, Jacob S. A generation of change: a profile of America's older population. The Population of the United States in the 1980s: A Census Monograph Series, ISBN 0-87154-789-9. LC 91-42772. 1992. xxxvi, 647 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author profiles the older generation in the United States, including their residential and migration patterns, length of life and health conditions, living arrangements and family status, educational level, work and retirement status, income and wealth, and housing conditions. The period covered is from 1950 to 1985. Data are from the 1980 U.S. census as well as other official sources.
Correspondence: Russell Sage Foundation, 112 East 64th Street, New York, NY 10021. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20641 Stolnitz, George. The economic and social consequences of population aging. PIRT Working Paper, No. 92-12, Nov 1992. 52 pp. Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training [PIRT]: Bloomington, Indiana. In Eng.
The geographical scope of this study is worldwide.
Correspondence: Indiana University, Population Institute for Research and Training, Memorial Hall East 220, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20642 Taeuber, Cynthia M. Sixty-five plus in America. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 178, Aug 1992. vi, [153] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"We will examine the growth of the elderly population [in the United States] and how it has occurred. We will focus on the diversity of America's older population in terms of age, race, gender, economic status, longevity, health characteristics, geographic distribution, and social characteristics. Throughout, we will examine possible implications of the demographic changes. The data used in this report are primarily from the 1990 Census of Population and Housing and national surveys such as the Current Population Survey, the Survey of Income and Program Participation, the Health Interview Survey, and the Longitudinal Survey on Aging."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20643 Tezcan, Sabahat; Aytekin, Mehmet; Yildirim, Nursen. The demographic structure and fertility levels of the population in the new and old slum areas of a "gecekondu" settlement in Antalya Province center. [Antalya il merkezindeki bir gecekondu yerlesiminde yeni ve eski gecekondu mahallelerinde toplumun demografik yapisi ve dogurganlik duzeyi.] Nufusbilim Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 14, 1992. 87-100 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Tur. with sum. in Eng.
"The demographic structure and fertility level of the population in two slum areas [in Turkey's Antalya Province]...were investigated with a cross-sectional study in 1989. It was found that the distribution of population by age groups differed and especially the fertility measurements were high in the new area in relation to various social and demographic characteristics. In order to facilitate and accelerate the transition period of slum communities, it is necessary to provide health education, mother and child health and family planning services."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20644 Trebici, Vladimir. The demography of the Romanians outside Romania: Bessarabia and north of Bucovina. Revue Roumaine de Geographie, Vol. 35, 1991. 3-19 pp. Bucharest, Romania. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author examines population size and spatial distribution trends from 1940 to 1990 among the Romanian population living in territories that were annexed by the USSR in 1940.
Correspondence: V. Trebici, Str. Pompiliu Eliade 4, 70752 Bucharest, Romania. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20645 Yan, Haiqin. A comprehensive study on the age structure. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1992. 165-73 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author presents a model to analyze age structure, using data for China.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20646 Zheng, Yi; Tu, Ping; Gu, Baochang; Xu, Yi; Li, Bohua; Li, Yongping. An analysis of the causes and implications of the recent increase in the sex ratio at birth in China. Institute of Population Research Working Paper, No. 10, Dec 1992. 26 pp. Peking University, Institute of Population Research: Beijing, China. In Eng.
Data are from the 1990 census and surveys conducted in 1987 and 1988.
Correspondence: Peking University, Institute of Population Research, Beijing 100871, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

No citations in this issue.

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

59:20647 Delhausse, Bernard; Luttgens, Axel; Perelman, Sergio. Comparing measures of poverty and relative deprivation: an example for Belgium. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1993. 83-102 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper presents three different poverty standards....These alternative measures are...compared on a sample composed of 6,380 Belgian households. Such an analysis can be expected to provide some further insight into the problem of measuring poverty...."
Correspondence: B. Delhausse, University of Liege, Department of Economics, 7 Boulevard du Rectorat, B-4000 Liege, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20648 Enchautegui, Maria E. Geographical differentials in the socioeconomic status of Puerto Ricans: human capital variations and labor market characteristics. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,267-90 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article examines the role of human capital and labor market characteristics in explaining geographical and individual differentials in socioeconomic outcomes of Puerto Rican women [in the United States]. The better socioeconomic performance of Puerto Ricans outside the Northeast can be in part related to their larger amount of human capital. Labor market characteristics also play a role, but their effects are generally small. Net of other characteristics, Northeast residence reduces labor force participation, increases female headship, but reduces welfare use. Of all groups examined, recent migrants from Puerto Rico located in the Northeast show the poorest socioeconomic outcomes."
Correspondence: M. E. Enchautegui, Urban Institute, 2100 M Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20037. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20649 Logan, John R.; Alba, Richard D. Locational returns to human capital: minority access to suburban community resources. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 2, May 1993. 243-68 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The suburbanization of racial and ethnic minorities is analyzed in terms of the locational resources provided by their communities of residence. In suburbs in the New York CMSA, non-Hispanic whites and Asians, on average, live in communities with higher average socioeconomic status, while Hispanics and blacks live in the less desirable suburbs. Models predicting suburban socioeconomic status for each racial/ethnic group show that whites and Hispanics receive consistent returns on income, acculturation, and family status. Asians' locational patterns differ because they are unrelated to measures of acculturation; for blacks, locational outcomes correspond least to any of these human capital characteristics."
Correspondence: J. R. Logan, State University of New York, Department of Sociology, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20650 Miller, Paul W. The earnings of Asian male immigrants in the Canadian labor market. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,222-47 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The earnings of Asian-born immigrants in the Canadian labor market declined relative to the earnings of native-born workers between 1981 and 1986. Analysis of the labor market performance of immigrants from four regions of Asia--Southern Asia, South East Asia, Eastern Asia and Western Asia--shows that Asian immigrants are a heterogeneous group. However, changes in the birthplace composition of Asian immigrants cannot explain the fall in the relative earnings of the Asian aggregate. Attention is drawn to the switch in the distribution of immigrants across the admission classes as a possible explanation of this phenomenon."
Correspondence: P. W. Miller, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia 6009, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20651 Phillips, Elizabeth; Garfinkel, Irwin. Income growth among nonresident fathers: evidence from Wisconsin. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 2, May 1993. 227-41 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study examines the changes over time in the personal incomes of nonresident fathers--whether divorced or nonmarital--in Wisconsin. Using data from the Wisconsin Court Record data base and the Wisconsin Department of Revenue, the authors examine the incomes of these fathers over the first seven years following a divorce or the initiation of a paternity suit. They also stud separately the income patterns of initially poor nonresident fathers and fathers whose nonresident children receive welfare. The most important finding is that the incomes of nonmarital fathers, which typically are low in the beginning, increase dramatically over the years after paternity establishment--often to a level comparable with the incomes of divorced fathers. On the basis of their findings, the authors conclude that failing to establish child support obligations for nonresident fathers simply because their incomes are initially low does not appear justified."
Correspondence: E. Phillips, University of Wisconsin, School of Social Work, Institute for Research on Poverty, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20652 Rudkin, Laura. Gender differences in economic well-being among the elderly of Java. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 2, May 1993. 209-26 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Using data from a 1986 survey of the elderly on Java, Indonesia, I describe gender differences in economic well-being and identify characteristics associated with economic disadvantage. At both the individual and the household level, older women have fewer resources than older men. Even within categories of support (work income and remittances), women have lower levels of well-being. Gender differences in household-level economic well-being are due primarily to differences in household structure and in levels of skills. Gender differences in individual receipts (from all sources) are more complicated, but can be understood more clearly with reference to gender differences in skills levels (literacy, language, job skills), current work status and authority, and domestic authority."
Correspondence: L. Rudkin, University of North Carolina, Carolina Population Center, CB#8120, University Square, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20653 van Marrewijk, Charles; Verbeek, Jos. On opulence driven poverty traps. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1993. 67-81 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"We opt in this study to endogenize the growth rate of the population in such a way that it stresses the empirically supported negative relation between fertility and per capita income. Fertility declines as per capita income rises." The authors conclude that "the less developed economy can get stuck in a variant of the 'Malthusian trap', also called the poverty trap. The only way out of the poverty trap is through an injection of capital (a large transfer) from abroad. Our model therefore, supports...[the] view that aid from the developed countries to the less developed countries has to be increased dramatically...to overcome the poverty trap...."
Correspondence: C. van Marrewijk, Erasmus University, Department of Economics, H8-16, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20654 Weale, Martin. Education, externalities, fertility, and economic growth. Policy Research Working Paper: Population, Health, and Nutrition, No. WPS 1039, Nov 1992. 51 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author "develops a simulation model...[that] links fertility decisions with consumption/saving decisions....The model is extended to reflect education as an endogenous decision and then further to look at the effects of an external effect of education on economic growth."
Correspondence: World Bank, Population and Human Resources Department, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20655 Winegarden, C. R.; Khor, Lay Boon. Undocumented immigration and income inequality in the native-born population of the U.S.: econometric evidence. Applied Economics, Vol. 25, No. 2, Feb 1993. 157-63 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The authors examine the impact of immigration on income distribution among the native-born population of the United States. "In this paper, an econometric model of income inequality across native-born households is constructed and Census-based estimates of the state distribution among of the undocumented-immigrant population (together with related cross-sectional data) are used to estimate model parameters."
Correspondence: C. R. Winegarden, University of Toledo, Department of Economics, Toledo, OH 43606. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

59:20656 Alba, Richard D.; Logan, John R. Assimilation and stratification in the homeownership patterns of racial and ethnic groups. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,314-41 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This study investigates homeownership differences among twelve racial/ethnic groups using the [U.S.] Public Use Sample data (PUMS) of the 1980 census....The study identifies a number of differences among non-Hispanic whites, blacks, American Indians, and Asian and Hispanic groups in access to homeownership....For every group there is a strong correspondence between homeownership and various individual-level factors: age, household composition, socioeconomic position and language acculturation. The observed differences in ownership are substantially attenuated when group differences in some of these variables are controlled."
Correspondence: J. R. Logan, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12222. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20657 Alba, Richard D.; Logan, John R. Minority proximity to whites in suburbs: an individual-level analysis of segregation. American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 98, No. 6, May 1993. 1,388-427 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"In this article, we rely on a novel method of constructing individual-level ordinary least squares (OLS) regressions, in part by using aggregate data. Applying this method, we analyze the process determining proximity to non-Hispanic whites separately for Asians, blacks, and Hispanics (as well as for non-Hispanic whites themselves, who are included for comparative purposes). Our analysis is conducted with 1980 [U.S.] census data for the suburban portion of the New York City Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA), the largest metropolitan region in the nation as well as one of the most ethnically and racially diverse."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1991 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: R. D. Alba, State University of New York, Department of Sociology, Albany, NY 12222. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

59:20658 Choquet, Marie; Menke, Hede; Ledoux, Sylvie; Menfredi, Robert. Behavioral problems among 13-16 year olds and housing zones. An epidemiological approach. [Les troubles du comportement parmi les 13-16 ans selon la zone d'habitation. Approche epidemiologique.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1993. 63-81 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"We have compared two samples of young teenagers [in France]...taken in areas with different types of housing (urban and semi-rural) to detect differences in the incidence of various behavioural problems (drug-taking, violence, criminal acts) in different housing zones....We find that some social variables (sex, educational background, parents' marital status, housing zone) did have a significant impact...."
Correspondence: M. Choquet, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, La Documentation Francaise, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20659 Falaris, Evangelos M.; Peters, H. Elizabeth. Schooling choices and demographic cycles. Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 27, No. 4, Fall 1992. 551-74 pp. Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
"This paper examines the effect of demographic cycles on schooling choices and the timing of school completion. Utilizing data from the [U.S.] National Longitudinal Surveys of Labor Market Experience and from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we find that men and women born during the upswing of a demographic cycle obtain more schooling and take longer to finish a year of schooling than comparable individuals born during the downswing of a demographic cycle. The patterns that we document are more complex than would be predicted by any of the theoretical models of educational responses to demographic cycles that have been presented in the literature."
Correspondence: E. M. Falaris, University of Delaware, Department of Economics, Newark, DE 19716. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

59:20660 Farley, Reynolds; Frey, William H. Changes in the segregation of whites from blacks during the 1980s: small steps toward a more racially integrated society. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 92-257, Sep 1992. 40 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper...[analyzes] black-white residential segregation for 1980-1990 [in the United States]. It evaluates patterns for all metropolitan areas with substantial black populations."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20661 Flinn, Christopher J. Cohort size and schooling choice. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1993. 31-55 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"We develop a perfect-foresight overlapping generations model to investigate the effects of cohort size on schooling decisions and cohort-specific welfare measures....We calibrate the partial equilibrium model using data on [U.S.] schooling investments and aggregate wages over the period 1920 through 1980, and use the parameters to assess the magnitude of lifetime cohort wealth and schooling elasticities computed with respect to the entire cohort size sequence. We find that the equilibrium response of schooling to perturbations in the cohort size sequence is small, so that the adverse effects of increases in the size of own and neighboring cohorts on cohort wealth are not significantly [mitigated] by adjustments in schooling investments within our modelling framework."
Correspondence: C. J. Flinn, New York University, Department of Economics, New York, NY 10003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20662 Halidou, Morou. General population census, 1988: analysis of final data. Sociocultural characteristics. [Recensement general de la population 1988: analyse des donnees definitives. Caracteristiques socio-culturelles.] Feb 1992. 73 pp. Bureau Central du Recensement: Niamey, Niger. In Fre.
This is an analysis of social and cultural data from the 1988 census of Niger concerning literacy, educational status, ethnic groups, language, religion, foreigners, and the handicapped.
Correspondence: Bureau Central du Recensement, Ministere du Plan, Niamey, Niger. Location: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago, IL. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 135, Mar 1993.

59:20663 Hunt, Chester L. Catholicism and the Philippine population problem. Sojourn, Vol. 7, No. 2, Aug 1992. 208-22 pp. Singapore. In Eng.
"The Philippines has two characteristics which differentiate if from other countries in Southeast Asia. It is the only predominantly Christian country in the region and it has one of the highest rates of population growth. Non-Catholic Christians make up only about 9 per cent of the population compared with around 82 per cent for Roman Catholics. Given the Catholic Church objections to both contraception and abortion, it is not illogical to hypothesize a relation between the religious composition of the population and its rate of population growth."
Correspondence: C. L. Hunt, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20664 Koestoer, Raldi H. Residential choice and journey-to-work in Desa-Kota region. Majalah Demografi Indonesia/Indonesian Journal of Demography, Jun 1992. 47-70 pp. Jakarta, Indonesia. In Eng. with sum. in Ind.
"This paper examines the family decision making process in choosing the dwelling area in urban fringe region of BOTABEK [the suburbs of Jakarta, Indonesia]." Consideration is given to survey methodology and the characteristics of respondents, commuting times and means of transportation, socioeconomic factors, and reasons for commuters' choice of residence.
Correspondence: R. H. Koestoer, Griffith University, LIPI/Division of Environmental Sciences, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20665 Lloyd, Cynthia B.; Gage-Brandon, Anastasia J. Does sibsize matter?: The implications of family size for children's education in Ghana. Population Council Research Division Working Paper, No. 45, 1992. 45 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1992 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20666 Margo, Robert A. Explaining the postwar suburbanization of population in the United States: the role of income. Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 31, No. 3, May 1992. 301-10 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
The author uses data on household heads from the Public Use Sample of the 1950 U.S. census to analyze the relationship between household income and the probability of suburban residence. The results indicate that "slightly less than half of population suburbanization between 1950 and 1980 can be attributed to rising household incomes."
Correspondence: R. A. Margo, Vanderbilt University, Department of Economics, Nashville, TN 37235. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20667 Ottensmann, John R.; Gleeson, Michael E. The movement of whites and blacks into racially mixed neighborhoods: Chicago, 1960-1980. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 73, No. 3, Sep 1992. 645-62 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"An examination of household movement into [U.S.] census tracts in the Chicago [Illinois] area shows less white movement into racially mixed tracts in 1960 and 1970, when black populations were increasing at higher rates. In 1980, whites moved into racially mixed tracts in numbers nearly sufficient to maintain racial stability. A simulation model of neighborhood racial change further shows that variation in the racial composition of in-movers may have resulted from differences in overall black population change....For this research we utilized census tract data for the Chicago metropolitan area for 1960, 1970, and 1980 to examine the movement of households into neighborhoods."
Correspondence: J. R. Ottensmann, Indiana University, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indianapolis, IN 46202. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20668 Schneider, Mark; Phelan, Thomas. Black suburbanization in the 1980s. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 2, May 1993. 269-79 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this research note we use recently released data for a large sample of [U.S.] suburbs to provide a...current look at the pattern of residential location of suburban blacks between 1980 and 1990....We first examine the extent to which racially defined residential patterns have changed over the last decade in various geographic regions of the country. Then we explore the relationship between the characteristics of suburbs and the extent to which blacks have gained residential access to different types of suburban communities."
Correspondence: M. Schneider, State University of New York, Department of Political Science, Stony Brook, NY 11794-4392. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20669 Thornton, Arland; Young-DeMarco, Linda; Goldscheider, Frances. Leaving the parental nest: the experience of a young white cohort in the 1980s. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 55, No. 1, Feb 1993. 216-29 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Eng.
"The purpose of this article is to provide a dynamic view of living arrangements and the process of becoming residentially independent of parents during the transition to adulthood as it was experienced [in the United States] during the 1980s. This research utilizes retrospective information on living arrangements obtained from a sample of a birth cohort of men and women aged 23 in 1985. Event histories from these young people are used to describe their living arrangements during the years from age 15 through age 23, ages during which 87% left the parental home at least once. Included in this analysis are descriptions of the household living arrangements young people experience during these important maturational years. Also included are estimates of the rates of making transitions in living arrangements and the percentages of men and women who have ever experienced specific types of household living arrangements."
Correspondence: A. Thornton, University of Michigan, Department of Sociology, Institute for Social Research, Population Studies Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20670 Wils, Anne B.; Wolf, Douglas A. Varieties of independent living: older women in the Netherlands, 1982. Genus, Vol. 48, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1992. 183-97 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
"In this paper we examine the living arrangements of older unmarried women--that is, single, divorced, or widowed women--in The Netherlands....[The] paper analyzes the distribution of [such] women across several types of living arrangements, including an institutionalized category ('residential homes'). The factors influencing this distribution that are examined include indices of functional limitations, kin availability, and sociodemographic background factors. The most important variables appear to be the measures of functional limitations, and the results are indicative of effective targeting of housing resources on those who appear to need them, judged by our measures of physical capacity."
Correspondence: A. B. Wils, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Population Program, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

59:20671 Arkadiev, Dimitar. Studying ethnic structure using censuses in Bulgaria. [Izuchavane na etnicheskiya sastav pri prebroyavaniyata na naselenieto v Balgariya.] Naselenie, No. 6, 1992. 47-57 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author examines Bulgaria's ethnic structure from 1866 to 1975, using data from censuses and population registers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20672 Avramov, Dragana. Population problems and population policy in Kosovo and Metohia. [Demografski problemi i populaciona politika Kosova i Metohije.] ISBN 86-7093-044-7. 1992. 228 pp. Univerzitet u Beogradu, Institut Drustvenih Nauka, Centar za Demografska Istrazivanja: Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
This is a collection of nine studies by various authors on the demographics of the ethnic Albanian population of Yugoslavia. The first six chapters examine fertility, mortality, migration, population characteristics, economic conditions, educational status, and household structure. The final three chapters analyze the socioeconomic implications of current demographic trends, various population scenarios, and family planning prospects. The authors speculate that the Albanians may be the last high-fertility population in Europe.
Correspondence: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Institut Drustvenih Nauka, Centar za Demografska Istrazivanja, Narodnog fronta 45, 11000 Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20673 Barbie, Jean. Chinese culture and demographic trends in Thailand and Malaysia. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1992. 139-48 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author explores the effect of Chinese culture on the demographic behavior of ethnic Chinese living in Malaysia and Thailand. Consideration is given to historical and cultural origin, population characteristics, language, educational status, and differences among ethnic Chinese minorities. It is found that "traditional characteristics are weakened among the Chinese in Thailand and Malaysia...."
Correspondence: J. Barbie, Institute of Southeast Asia, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20674 Erman Ozsoy, Ali; Koc, Ismet; Toros, Aykut. Ethnic structure in Turkey as implied by the analysis of census data on mother tongue. [Turkiye' nin etnik yapisinin ana dil sorularina gore analizi.] Nufusbilim Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 14, 1992. 101-14 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Tur. with sum. in Eng.
The authors examine data on language from population censuses conducted in Turkey from 1927 until 1971. "The main objective of this paper is to draw some implications about the ethnic structure of Turkish citizens to the extent permitted by the available 'mother tongue' data. Turkish is the most commonly used language followed by Kurdish and Arabic. Census data carry evidence of differential mortality (as well as fertility) on growth rates of different sub-groups in Turkey. The paper sets 'reasonable' low and high estimates of major groups under different growth rate assumptions in Turkey."
Correspondence: A. E. Ozsoy, Hacettepe Universitesi, Nufus Etutleri Enstitusu, Arastirma Gorevlisi, Hacettepe Parki, Ankara, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20675 Garcia, Jesus M. The Hispanic population in the United States: March 1992. Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 465, Dec 1992. iv, 21, [30] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents a statistical portrait of the Hispanic origin population in the United States....Most of the data shown were collected by the Bureau of the Census in the March 1992 supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS)....Two important new features distinguish this report from previous reports in this series. First, this is the first report on the Hispanic origin population to shown the characteristics of persons who are White, but not of Hispanic origin, and compare them to persons of Hispanic origin....Second, this report introduces a new educational attainment variable that asks for specific degree completion levels, rather than just years of school completed."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20676 Harris, Chauncy D. The new Russian minorities: a statistical overview. Post-Soviet Geography, Vol. 34, No. 1, Jan 1993. 1-27 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
The author "presents a succinct review of the newly constituted Russian minorities situated in the former Soviet republics. Based on census data series (1897 to 1989) and original computations, the paper covers location (highest proportion of Russians in Kazakhstan, Latvia, and Estonia), concentration (predominantly urban), occupational structure (largely in industry and science), and related data on issues such as language affinities and migration."
Correspondence: C. D. Harris, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20677 Kovacsics, Jozsef. Problems in analyzing statistics on ethnicity. [A nemzetisegi statisztika problematikaja.] Demografia, Vol. 35, No. 3-4, 1992. 375-92 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
The author examines official statistics on Hungary's ethnic populations, with a focus on the difficulties encountered in analyzing such data.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20678 Marie, Claude-Valentin. The population born in or originally from French overseas departments and territories living in metropolitan France: results from the 1-in-4 sample. [Les populations des Dom-Tom nees et originaires, residant en France metropolitaine: resultats du sondage au quart.] INSEE Resultats: Demographie-Societe, No. 24, ISBN 2-11-066102-X. Mar 1993. 180 pp. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Detailed results from the 1990 French census are presented for persons from French overseas departments and territories who are now living in metropolitan France. Most of the tables pertain to individuals born overseas, but selected data concern those born in France who are of overseas origin. Chapters are included on population characteristics, spatial distribution and migration, educational status, economic activity, households, families, singles, and housing. The principal overseas departments covered are Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and Reunion.
Correspondence: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75676 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20679 O'Hare, William P. America's minorities--the demographics of diversity. Population Bulletin, Vol. 47, No. 4, Dec 1992. 47 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author examines the minority populations of the United States, with a focus on African Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, and Asians and Pacific Islanders. He concludes that "the U.S. minority population is...becoming more diverse because of high rates of immigration, a younger age structure, and higher fertility among some minority groups. This report compares the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of these four racial and ethnic minorities with each other and with the majority non-Hispanic white population. While, on average, minorities tend to lag behind whites on most measures of success, there are many who are achieving college degrees, high-status jobs, and high incomes." Projections are made to the year 2050.
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20680 Paul, Christine. Marriages, divorces, births, and deaths of foreigners: long-term comparative results for West Germany. [Eheschliessungen, Ehescheidungen, Geburten und Sterbefalle von Auslandern: Ergebnisse fur das fruhere Bundesgebiet im langfristigen Vergleich.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 11, 1992. 767-73 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
Trends in marriage, divorce, births, and deaths among the foreign population of West Germany are examined for the period 1950-1990. Comparisons are also made with data for the German and total populations.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20681 Tas, R. F. J. Non-Dutch nationals in the Netherlands on January 1, 1992. [Niet-Nederlanders op 1 januari 1992.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 41, No. 1, Jan 1993. 13-28 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Data on non-Dutch nationals living in the Netherlands on January 1, 1992, are presented and discussed. "733 thousand non-Dutch nationals lived in the Netherlands, i.e. 4.8% of the total population....The largest category of non-Dutch nationals...was Turkish (215 thousand), followed by the 11 EC nationalities together (176 thousand) and the Moroccans (164 thousand)....In 1991 the number of non-Dutch nationals in the Netherlands grew by 40 thousand, i.e. 5.8%. Age groups 0-4 (mainly due to birth) and 20-29 (migration) show the strongest increases."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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