Volume 59 - Number 2 - Summer 1993

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

59:20482 Black, Richard. Migration, return, and agricultural development in the Serra do Alvao, northern Portugal. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 41, No. 3, Apr 1993. 563-85 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"This article considers the effects of migration and return specifically on agriculture in one region of Portugal, the Serra do Alvao. This area has experienced both a massive outflow of population and, at the same time, the maintenance of a high proportion of its remaining population in agriculture. I identify a number of adjustments to agricultural and social practices which were initiated largely in response to this widespread migration and return and, at the same time, I distinguish the impact of different categories of returning migrants on the farming system." The data were collected during field research carried out in 1987 and 1988.
Correspondence: R. Black, Kings College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

59:20483 Blair, Marilou C. L. Migration and occupational prestige in a developing country: the Philippines. Pub. Order No. DA9236789. 1992. 228 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Pennsylvania State University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(7).

59:20484 Cadwallader, Martin. Migration and residential mobility: macro and micro approaches. ISBN 0-299-13490-3. LC 92-50246. 1992. xvi, 275 pp. University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
"The purpose of this book is to explore the phenomenon of human migration, especially as it occurs within the so-called developed countries of the world. The approach is analytical, and various kinds of migration models are described and explained....Structural equation models are used to specify the interrelationships among sets of variables that are hypothesized to explain migration....There is a unifying geographic emphasis on the relationship between socioeconomic processes and spatial patterns. The book is organized according to two main axes of differentiation. First, a distinction is made between macro and micro approaches to explaining migration....A second distinction is made between interregional migration and migration within cities, or residential mobility."
Correspondence: University of Wisconsin Press, 114 North Murray Street, Madison, WI 53715. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:20485 Canamero Redondo, Antonio. Migratory movements in the Basque country from 1975-1985. [Los movimientos migratorios en el Pais Vasco en el periodo 1975-1985.] Lurralde, No. 13, 1990. 261-76 pp. San Sebastian, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews the change in the Basque provinces of Spain from a receiving region to a sending one over the period 1975-1985. Both return migration and rural-urban flows are seen as contributory factors, as are the attractions of the Mediterranean coast.
Correspondence: A. Canamero Redondo, Instituto Geografico Vasco Andres de Urdaneta, c/San Marcial 13, 4C, 20005 San Sebastian, Spain. Location: British Library, London, England.

59:20486 Davidovic, Milena. Migration in Serbia: results of a survey. [Migracije u Srbiji: rezultati jednog istrazivanja.] Migracijske Teme/Migration Themes, Vol. 6, No. 2, Aug 1990. 157-72 pp. Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
The author utilizes the results for the republic of Serbia of a 1986 survey conducted in Yugoslavia. She analyzes the impact of migration on economic development and social change and considers length of migrants' stay, labor migration, migrant origins, and size of migratory flows from other republics, provinces, and abroad.
Correspondence: M. Davidovic, Institut Drustvenih Nauka, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20487 King, Russell. Mass migrations in Europe: the legacy and the future. ISBN 1-85293-224-4. 1993. xvi, 334 pp. Belhaven Press: London, England; John Wiley and Sons: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a collection of studies on aspects of large-scale migrations in contemporary Europe. "In the first section, the theoretical and policy issues are debated from the perspectives of economic restructuring, geographical change and public policy. The second section examines the legacy of migration, including the issues posed by return migration, the demise of 'guest-workers', multi-culturality, political and electoral geography, and the particular position of second and third generation migrants. The final section considers present and future trends, with particular emphasis on the role of skilled migrants, Eastern Europe, South-to-North migration, and the world context."
Correspondence: Belhaven Press, 25 Floral Street, London WC2E 9DS, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:20488 Le Bras, Herve; Labbe, Morgane. From the planet to the village: migration and settlement in France. [La planete au village: migrations et peuplement en France.] Prospective et Territoires, ISBN 2-87678-123-9. 1993. 222 pp. Editions de l'Aube: La Tour d'Aigues, France; DATAR: Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors examine population dynamics around the world and the effects of population growth and fertility on migration among various populations. They first explore global trends, particularly rapid rates of growth in Africa, and compare these with European trends, concluding with a detailed analysis conducted in France at the local level. The focus of the study is on migration and changes in population distribution.
Correspondence: Editions de l'Aube, Le Chateau, La Tour d'Aigues 84240, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20489 Li, Xiaobo. Migration and location specific human capital: two essays. Pub. Order No. DA9238336. 1992. 146 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study, which concerns the migration of older men in the United States, was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(8).

59:20490 Mehta, Swarnjit. Migration: a spatial perspective (a case study of Bist Doab-Punjab). ISBN 81-7033-096-3. LC 91-902841. 1990. [xii], 223 pp. Rawat Publications: Jaipur, India. In Eng.
An analysis of migration in the Bist Doab region of the Punjab, India, is presented from a geographer's perspective. The data are from a survey of 3,850 rural and 1,290 urban households. The author examines both factors affecting migration and the impact on those staying behind.
Correspondence: Rawat Publications, 3-Na-20 Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur 302 004, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20491 Morozova, G. F. Current migratory phenomena: refugees and immigrants. Sociological Research, Vol. 32, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1993. 86-96 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
The author reviews current migration trends within and from the former Soviet Union, with a focus on refugee problems and the brain drain in the context of recent political changes. Consideration is given to tension among ethnic groups, unemployment, ecological refugees, and the need for a new migration policy. Data mainly concern the late 1980s.
This is a translation of the Russian article published in 1992 and cited in 58:40523.
Correspondence: G. F. Morozova, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Sociology, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20492 Munz, Rainer. Mass migration in Europe: a review of trends. [Massenmigration in Europa: ein zeitgeschichtlicher Uberblick.] Journal fur Sozialforschung, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1990. 373-8 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger.
Migration trends in Europe since 1945 are described. The author identifies four types of migration during this period: refugee movements and other forms of population resettlement following World War II, migration resulting from decolonization, labor migration, and migration for political asylum or economic reasons.
Location: Stanford University Library, Stanford, CA.

59:20493 Parnwell, Mike. Population movements and the third world. Routledge Introductions to Development, ISBN 0-415-06953-X. LC 92-13687. 1993. xii, 158 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This textbook is concerned with the relationship between migration and development in developing countries. It "explores both the concepts and facts behind the main forms of population movement in the third world today, particularly rural-urban migration. Examining the causes and consequences of migration, it assesses the implications for planning and policy-makers."
Correspondence: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:20494 Reed, Robert R. Patterns of migration in southeast Asia. Centers for South and Southeast Asia Studies Occasional Paper Series, No. 16, ISBN 0-944613-11-X. LC 90-86324. 1990. 302 pp. University of California, International and Area Studies, Centers for South and Southeast Asia Studies: Berkeley, California. In Eng.
This work includes 13 studies by various authors on aspects of migration affecting southeast Asia. The works were originally presented at the Sixth Annual Conference on Southeast Asian Studies held in Berkeley, California, February 11-12, 1989. The approach is interdisciplinary, and the volume is divided into three parts. "Part I concentrates on methodological issues and on instructive historical patterns of migration during the period of European rule. In Part II the various authors are concerned with recent movements of refugees, transmigrants, and immigrants to frontier realms within Southeast Asia or to other lands. The chapters in Part III consider the adjustment of migrants to new economic and cultural environments and discuss certain theoretical implications of the current migrational process."
Correspondence: University of California, Centers for South and Southeast Asia Studies, Building T-9, Room 100, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20495 Rogers, Andrei; Frey, William H.; Rees, Philip; Speare, Alden; Warnes, Anthony. Elderly migration and population redistribution: a comparative study. ISBN 1-85293-249-X. LC 92-24769. 1992. xi, 254 pp. Belhaven Press: London, England. In Eng.
This collection of studies by various authors is the product of a 1991 conference held in Colorado concerning elderly migration. The studies focus on the migration of those aged 60 and over in Western developed countries. The book "examines the factors that govern why the elderly decide to migrate, how the migration processes operate and the impact the arrival and departure of an age-specific group has on the population at large. The study is cast in a comparative framework that points out the similarities and contrasts between North America, Europe and Japan." The contributions are organized into four parts, which deal with motivation and causes, the proximity of children and living arrangements, elderly metropolitan redistribution patterns, and three case studies concerning Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Correspondence: Belhaven Press, 25 Floral Street, Covent Garden, London WC2E 9DS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20496 Rybakovskii, L. L.; Morozova, G. F.; Trubin, V. V. Migration of Russians between the countries of the former Soviet Union. Studies on Soviet Economic Development/Problemy Prognozirovaniya, Vol. 3, No. 5, Oct 1992. 381-7 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Eng.
"The article deals with the problem of migration of Russian-speaking people and, above all, of Russian nationals to Russia. The authors focus their attention on the fact that in the latter half of the 1980s most of the migratory waves to Russia differed radically from the migration of previous years in scope, form, structure, and intensity. Migration is tending to increase. The proclamation of sovereignty by the former Union republics and the aggravation of relations between nationalities have induced mounting waves of migration of Russian-speaking people. The authors write that Russians are moving from all sovereign states, and they forecast an increasing exodus of Russians in the 1990s."
Correspondence: L. L. Rybalkovskii, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Sociology, 32 Krasikova Street, Moscow 117418, Russia. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20497 Tienda, Marta; Booth, Karen. Gender, migration and social change. International Sociology, Vol. 6, No. 1, Mar 1991. 51-72, 124 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper provides a critical review of existing studies about how migration alters women's position in the course of social change....First, the conceptual and methodological issues that bear on the assessment of changing gender relations are distilled from the existing literature. Second, for heuristic purposes we delineate three alternative outcomes for migrant women using the distribution-redistribution analytical framework....Finally, we provide a selective review of case studies illustrating alternative outcomes for migrant women in Africa and Latin America."
Correspondence: M. Tienda, University of Chicago, Population Research Center, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20498 Vasileva, Boika. Migration in Bulgaria after World War II. [Migratsionni protsesi v Balgariya sled Vtorata svetovna voina.] LC 92-191088. 1991. 249 pp. Universitetsko Izdatelstvo Sv. Kliment Okhridski: Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul.
Migration trends in Bulgaria are analyzed for the period since World War II. Topics covered include both international and internal migration, urbanization, employment, and labor migration, as well as relevant population policy issues.
Correspondence: Universitetsko Izdatelstvo Sv. Kliment Okhridski, Bul. Ruski 15, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

59:20499 Acevedo, Dolores; Espenshade, Thomas J. Implications of a North American free trade agreement for Mexican migration into the United States. Population and Development Review, Vol. 18, No. 4, Dec 1992. 729-44, 788, 790 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This note explores the implications of NAFTA [North American Free Trade Agreement] for South-North migration and, in particular, for migration from Mexico to the United States....In the first [section], we consider the possible effects of free trade on migration. The discussion is based on a synthesis of the sparse literature on the links between trade and Mexico-U.S. migration. In the second, we provide estimates of the likely effect of NAFTA on the eventual flow of undocumented migrants from Mexico into the United States if the free trade agreement results in an improvement in the Mexican economy relative to the U.S. economy."
Correspondence: D. Acevedo, Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20500 al-Qattan, Leenah. Soviet Jews and Israel--immigration and settlement: a selected bibliography, 1985-October 1992. Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2, Winter 1993. 124-41 pp. Berkeley, California. In Eng.
"This bibliography is concerned primarily with the recent and ongoing immigration of Soviet Jews to Israel, their absorption and future prospects there, and related aspects of Israeli settlement in the occupied territories and U.S. foreign policy. A few works published before 1985 are included because of their particular importance to the background of the subject. Entries are classified [alphabetically by author] under Books; Articles and Chapters in Books; and Reports and Documents."
Correspondence: L. al-Qattan, University of California, Institute for Palestine Studies, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

59:20501 Altamirano, Teofilo. Exodus: Peruvians abroad. [Exodo: peruanos en el exterior.] Apr 1992. 224 pp. Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru: Lima, Peru. In Spa.
The author examines emigration from Peru over the last 10 years and notes that over one million Peruvians have left the country for economic, political, or academic reasons. The demographic, sociocultural, and economic consequences for both regions of origin and destination are examined. Chapters are included on the Andean region as an area of out-migration, the characteristics of Peruvian migrants, Peruvian migration to the United States, the transition from being Peruvians abroad to becoming foreigners, and the new image of Peru as a country unattractive to potential migrants because of social, political, and economic problems.
Correspondence: Fondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru, Avenida Universitaria, Cuadra 18, San Miguel, Apartado 1761, Lima, Peru. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20502 Appleyard, R. T. Migration and development: a global agenda for the future. International Migration, Special Issue, Vol. 30, 1992. 17-31 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author examines "the key parameters which any agenda on future migration and development must address: current and likely future demographic and economic trends in the so-called North and South regions of the world. I will also suggest appropriate policies designed to reduce emigration pressures that are demonstrably building in many parts of the world as a result of demographic and economic differentials."
Correspondence: R. T. Appleyard, University of Western Australia, Department of Economic History, Nedlands, Perth, Western Australia 6009, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20503 Baril, Raymond. "To find life": migration and subsistence strategies in the Haitian peasantry. ["Chercher la vie": migrations et strategies de subsistance dans la paysannerie haitienne.] Labour, Capital and Society/Travail, Capital et Societe, Vol. 24, No. 1, Apr 1991. 40-65 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The objective of this article is to present briefly some results of two research projects on migration and the subsistence strategies of Haitian households. Fieldwork for these two projects were undertaken in Haiti (1982) and French Guyana (1986-1987). The methodology is mainly qualitative and the collection of life histories constitutes the main data source." The author notes that "the increasing social and economic marginalization of the peasant population, the exodus of the young labor force, and the educational and migratory strategy of parents for their children are all but a few factors which transform the traditional peasant mode of living. Given the actual state of the economy and polity in Haiti, emigration generates emigration."
Correspondence: R. Baril, Institut de Recherches en Sante et Securite au Travail, Montreal, Canada. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20504 Barry, Brian; Goodin, Robert E. Free movement: ethical issues in the transnational migration of people and of money. ISBN 0-271-00887-1. 1992. xii, 300 pp. Pennsylvania State University Press: University Park, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
These are the papers presented at an interdisciplinary conference held in September 1989 in Mont Saint Michel, France, on the ethical aspects of international migration, migration policy, and economic relations. "In this book we focus on the crossing of state boundaries by people and by money...[and] the contrast between the way in which states treat the inflow of people and the way in which they treat the inflow of money." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: Pennsylvania State University Press, Barbara Building, Suite C, University Park, PA 16802. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

59:20505 Battistella, Graziano; Paganoni, Anthony. Philippine labor migration: impact and policy. ISBN 971-8789-02-2. 1992. 134 pp. Scalabrini Migration Center: Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
The authors examine the impact of labor exportation on the Philippine economy over the past 15 years. The publication consists of five papers that analyze the characteristics of migrant workers from the Philippines, the relationship between international migration and development, the economic and social impact of labor migration, and the overseas employment program policy. The authors conclude that labor migration of this kind has become a permanent feature of the Philippine economy.
Correspondence: Scalabrini Migration Center, 39 7th Street, New Manila, 1112 Quezon City, Philippines. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20506 Brochmann, Grete. "Fortress Europe" and the moral debt burden: immigration from the "South" to the European Economic Community. Cooperation and Conflict, Vol. 26, No. 4, 1991. 185-95 pp. Oslo, Norway. In Eng.
In light of the opening of the borders within the EC, scheduled for January 1993, this article "discusses the prospects in Europe concerning immigration from third [world] countries in relation to the internal market, the border control issue and the general policies towards non-EC nationals living within the community. The paper will concentrate on immigration from the 'South', discussing the preconditions for various forms of influx from poor countries in the Third World to the European Community. Attention will also be paid to the conception of the problem in the West, and to the prevailing policy proposals at national and European level. It is contended that development aid will not be a sufficient medicine to curb the immigration pressure in the future."
Correspondence: G. Brochmann, Institute for Social Research, Oslo, Norway. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20507 Brym, Robert J. The emigration potential of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland and Russia: recent survey results. International Sociology, Vol. 7, No. 4, Dec 1992. 387-95 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author reviews recent evidence concerning the emigration potential of Russia and Eastern Europe, using data from a 1991 survey of 4,269 respondents. "It is demonstrated that the proportion of adults wishing to emigrate from each of these countries in February 1991 varied from a low of 2 per cent in Lithuania to a high of 13 per cent in Poland. Total emigration potential from the region is estimated to have been between 10.2 and 16.7 million....A multiple regression analysis indicates that age and pessimism concerning democracy are the main factors that were independently associated with desire to emigrate."
Correspondence: R. J. Brym, University of Toronto, Department of Sociology, 203 College Street, 5th Floor, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1PJ, Canada. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

59:20508 Bucher, Hansjorg; Kocks, Martina; Siedhoff, Mathias. Migrations of foreigners in the Federal Republic of Germany during the 1980s. [Wanderungen von Auslandern in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland der 80er Jahre.] Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, No. 7-8, 1991. 501-11 pp. Bonn, Germany. In Ger.
International migration of foreigners to and from West Germany during the 1980s is analyzed. The impact of these movements on population growth, age structure, and rural-urban spatial distribution is assessed. Future prospects for internal migration of foreigners are also considered.
Correspondence: H. Bucher, Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landeskunde und Raumordnung, Am Michaelshof 8, 5300 Bonn 2, Germany. Location: State University of New York Library at Albany, NY.

59:20509 Buttrick, John. Migration between Canada and the United States, 1970-85: some new estimates. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,448-56 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The author applies the revised UN definition of what constitutes an emigrant to migration data on moves between Canada and the United States over the period 1970-1985. "The effect of changing to the UN definition is dramatic, and differences between old and new estimates are not systematic....If these findings stand up when all migrants are included, using the UN definition, then the much larger flows suggest that the effects on the composition and characteristics of the nonmigrant population of Canada warrant investigation."
Correspondence: J. Buttrick, York University, 4700 Keele Street, North York, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20510 Cacic, Jadranka; Kumpes, Josip. Between Yugoslavia and France (a view of Yugoslav migration to France). [Izmedu Jugoslavije i Francuske (pogled na Jugoslavenske migracije u Francusku).] Migracijske Teme/Migration Themes, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1989. 287-306 pp. Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The authors review migration trends from Yugoslavia to France since the 1920s using official data from both countries. Special consideration is given to economic factors; changes in migration policies are also reviewed.
Correspondence: J. Cacic, Sveucilista u Zagrebu, Institut za Migracije i Narodnosti, P.O. Box 294, Trnjanska b.b., 41000 Zagreb, Croatia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20511 Cagiano de Azevedo, Raimondo. Migration from Mediterranean developing countries to Europe: demographic background and political implications. Affari Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 20, No. 3, Sep 1992. 5-26 pp. Milan, Italy. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of migration from developing Mediterranean countries on receiving countries in Europe. The effect of the creation of the European Economic Community on the economic status of the Mediterranean region and the need for a migration policy that serves the needs both areas are assessed.
Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:20512 Campani, Giovanna. Ethnic minorities and new migration movements in Europe. Innovation, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1990. 657-72 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Eng.
Some aspects of recent immigration trends in Europe are analyzed, with particular reference to the situation in Italy. The focus is on the process of settlement and the level of assimilation of migrants. The author suggests that in contrast to previous European experience, migrants in the last 20 years have tended to preserve their ethnic and cultural identity rather than assimilate into the receiving society. The consequences of this change, which include the development of multicultural societies, the growth of anti-immigrant opinion, and the development of informal economies, are reviewed.
Correspondence: G. Campani, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Educazione, Via di Parione 7, 50123 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20513 Carmichael, Gordon A. Trans-Tasman migration: trends, causes and consequences. Pub. Order No. 92 1846 X. ISBN 0-644-24961-7. 1993. xxvii, 435 pp. Bureau of Immigration Research: Canberra, Australia; Department of Labour, Immigration Service: Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
This report consists of studies by authors from various disciplines on aspects of migration between Australia and New Zealand. It consists of 11 chapters "covering the development of policy; the pattern of flows between the two countries and associated economic factors; the characteristics of New Zealanders in Australia and Australians in New Zealand; and future policy, research and data issues."
Correspondence: Bureau of Immigration Research, P.O. Box 659, South Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20514 Centro Studi Emigrazione (Rome, Italy). Bibliographical review of journals on international migration from 1986 to 1992. [Rassegna bibliografica periodica sulle migrazioni internazionali dal 1986 al 1992.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 29, No. 108, Dec 1992. 594-743 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita.
This is an unannotated bibliography of articles on international migration published between 1986 and 1992. It is arranged alphabetically by author, and author, subject, and geographical indexes are provided.
Correspondence: Centro Studi Emigrazione, Via Dandolo 58, 00153 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20515 Centro Studi Emigrazione (Rome, Italy). New migrations in Europe: trends in the Mediterranean countries and Eastern Europe. [Le nuove migrazioni in Europa: tendenze nei paesi mediterranei e nell'Europa dell'Est.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 29, No. 107, Nov 1992. 354-562 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
These are the proceedings of a one-day conference held in memory of Giovanni B. Sacchetti in Rome, Italy, on November 10, 1992. The 13 papers, which include one paper in English and one in French, examine various aspects of contemporary European international migration. The primary emphasis is on the acculturation of migrant communities in their host countries.
Correspondence: Centro Studi Emigrazione, Via Dandolo 58, 00153 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20516 Connell, John. Migration, employment and development in the South Pacific: North America. South Pacific Commission Country Report, No. 24, Pub. Order No. 1008/92. 1992. v, 65 pp. South Pacific Commission: Noumea, New Caledonia; International Labour Office [ILO]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
Migration patterns by country and ethnic group from the South Pacific region to the United States and Canada are discussed, with a focus on the period since 1960. Consideration is given to the causes of such migration and its impact on the sending countries; mortality, health status, and occupational status of migrants by country of origin; employment and socioeconomic status differentials of migrants in their home and host countries; and fertility rates among Pacific Islanders living in the United States or Canada. Data are from the 1980 U.S. census, the 1981 Canadian census, and other official or published sources.
Correspondence: South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20517 Czichowski, Frank. Jordan: international migration, economic development, and social stability. [Jordanien: internationale Migration, wirtschaftliche Entwicklung und soziale Stabilitat.] Schriften des Deutschen Orient-Instituts, ISBN 3-89173-015-2. LC 90-198216. 1990. xiii, 296 pp. Deutsches Orient-Institut: Hamburg, Germany. In Ger.
In this book, originally written as a dissertation, the author examines the socioeconomic consequences of labor force migration from Jordan after 1973. Most of this migration was directed toward the Arab oil-exporting countries. Part 1 covers theories and problems of analyzing the effects of migration, Part 2 is a case study of Jordan, and Part 3 examines the future need for migrants in the Arab oil states.
Correspondence: Deutches Orient-Institut, Mittelweg 150, W-2000 Hamburg 13, Germany. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20518 Dashefsky, Arnold; DeAmicis, Jan; Lazerwitz, Bernard; Tabory, Ephraim. Americans abroad: a comparative study of emigrants from the United States. Public Policy and Social Services, ISBN 0-306-43941-7. LC 91-34502. 1992. xv, 166 pp. Plenum Press: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This study examines characteristics of U.S. citizens who are resident outside the United States. The focus of the study is on a comparative analysis of Americans living in Australia and Israel. Three main questions are addressed: "(1) What accounts for the motivation of migrants to move? (2) What are the sources of the adjustment problems the migrants experience? (3) What explains whether the migrants remain or return to the United States?"
Correspondence: Plenum Press, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20519 de Beer, J.; Sprangers, A. Forecasts of international migration. [Prognose van de buitenlandse migratie.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 41, No. 3, Mar 1993. 13-28 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The authors review 1992 trends in migration to and from the Netherlands. Consideration is given to the impact of migrants on the labor force, asylum seekers, family reunification, and numbers of migrants by nationality.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20520 de Beer, Joop. Uncertainty of international-migration projections for the 12 EC-countries. Jun 1990. 24, [13] pp. Central Bureau of Statistics, Department of Population Statistics: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper presents forecast intervals of net migration [to the year 2000] for the 12 EC [European Community] countries based on univariate time-series models. The validity of the various models is examined. The time-series projections are compared with official forecasts."
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Department of Population Statistics, P.O. Box 959, 2270 AZ Voorburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20521 De Simoni, Alessandro. A method for analyzing and estimating the demographic characteristics of a migrant population using only data on migration. [Un criterio di stima delle caratteristiche evolutivo-strutturali e della numerosita di un contingente d'immigrati.] Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione Working Paper, No. 05/92, Nov 1992. 37 pp. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione [IRP]: Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The data are applied to a reconstruction of the population of non-EC migrants in Italy.
Correspondence: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20522 de Tinguy, Anne. A tool in Gorbachev's hands. European Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1991. 107-35 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng.
The author examines the reasons why Mikhail Gorbachev relaxed controls on emigration from the former Soviet Union, which led to a significant increase in migrants leaving the country. The link between Soviet migration policy and foreign policy is emphasized.
Location: Yale University, Sterling Library, New Haven, CT.

59:20523 Diamantides, N. D. The macrodynamics of international migration as a sociocultural diffusion process. Part A: theory. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 42, No. 3, Nov 1992. 273-89 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This study formulates a model of the macrodynamics of international migration using a differential equation to capture the push-pull forces that propel it. The model's architecture rests on the functioning of information feedback between settled friends and family at the destination and potential emigrants at the origin." The author tests the model using data on Greek emigration to the United States since 1820 and on total emigration from Cyprus since 1946.
Correspondence: N. D. Diamantides, Kent State University, Department of Geography, P.O. Box 5190, Kent, OH 44242-0001. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20524 Dietz, Barbara. Different from the others: the situation of Germans in the Soviet Union and German emigrants in the Federal Republic of Germany. [Anders als die anderen: zur Situation der Deutschen in der Sowjetunion und der deutschen Aussiedler in der Bundesrepublik.] Osteuropa, Vol. 42, No. 2, Feb 1992. 147-59 pp. Stuttgart, Germany. In Ger.
Results are presented from two surveys. One covered a sample of 879 ethnic Germans who migrated from the Soviet Union to West Germany in 1989-1990, and the other covered over 1,000 ethnic Germans living in Siberia and Kazakhstan. Information is included on the number and distribution of Germans in the former Soviet Union, their religion, educational status, occupational structure, language, political and social status, motives for migration, knowledge of West Germany, and integration in West Germany.
Correspondence: B. Dietz, Osteuropa Institut, Scheinerstrasse 11, 8000 Munich 80, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20525 Durand, Jorge. It never rains but it pours. [Les llueve sobre mojado.] ISBN 968-6101-19-5. LC 91-171568. 1991. 115 pp. Instituto Tecnologico de Estudios Superiores de Occidente [ITESO], Departamento de Extension Universitaria: Guadalajara, Mexico; Academia Jalisciense de Derechos Humanos: Guadalajara, Mexico. In Spa.
This book contains the texts of speeches given at a forum held in Guadalajara, Mexico, in December 1989, on the problems faced by illegal Mexican labor migrants upon their return to Mexico from the United States. The focus is on extortion and the denial of human rights encountered by such migrants. Testimonies given by two returned migrants are included.
Correspondence: Academia Jalisciense de Derechos Humanos, Fuego 1031, Jardines de Bosque, CP 44520, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20526 Federation for American Immigration Reform [FAIR] (Washington, D.C.). Immigration 2000: the century of the new American sweatshop. ISBN 0-935776-13-3. 1992. xiv, 158 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This publication presents 25 contributions by various authors on aspects of current immigration to the United States. The papers deal with such issues as whether immigration perpetuates the underclass and impedes economic improvement for black and Hispanic U.S. citizens, whether migrants displace American workers and depress wages, the purpose of immigration law, and how and why the myth of labor shortage arose. The common theme of the studies is that current U.S. immigration policies are contributing to a decline in U.S. economic competitiveness and are undermining the job opportunities, wages, and working conditions of the disadvantaged.
Correspondence: Federation for American Immigration Reform, 1666 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 400, Washington, D.C. 20009.

59:20527 Feinberg, Richard E.; Carlisle, Cynthia R. Immigration to the United States from Central America: some thoughts on causes and solutions. [Inmigracion a los Estados Unidos procedente de Centroamerica: algunas reflexiones sobre sus causas y remedios.] Revista de la Integracion y el Desarrollo de Centroamerica, No. 45-46, 1989-1990. 133-48 pp. Tegucigalpa, Honduras. In Spa.
Recent trends in U.S. immigration from Central America are reviewed. The authors first analyze the political, demographic, and economic factors that lead to the decision to emigrate. They then consider the policy options open to the United States, focusing on what can be done to assist socioeconomic development in Central America in order to reduce the reasons for migration.
Location: Cornell University Library, NYSSILR Extension, New York, NY.

59:20528 Foreman-Peck, James. A political economy of international migration, 1815-1914. Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies, Vol. 60, No. 4, Dec 1992. 359-76 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The present paper investigates how much a simple economic theory of policy can contribute to an understanding of the distinctive nineteenth-century international migration policy...[by providing] an account of why the nineteenth-century world economy was so open to labour movements. Section II outlines a political economy of international migration based upon factor income maximization, factor endowments, income distribution and constitutions. Section III shows how the model fits a large component of nineteenth-century experience and Section IV focuses on the, at first sight, anomalous policy of the most important destination for European immigration, the United States."
Correspondence: J. Foreman-Peck, Oxford University, St. Anthony's College, Oxford, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:20529 Garbi, Esmeralda. The flight of talent from Venezuela. [La fuga de talento en Venezuela.] Serie Simposios IESA, ISBN 980-217-059-3. 1991. 112 pp. Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administracion [IESA]: Caracas, Venezuela. In Spa.
These are the proceedings of a conference held in Caracas, Venezuela, in October 1988, on the out-migration of skilled and professional young workers from Venezuela. The four papers deal with migration as a career option, perspectives for the study of such migration, the professional track of the top graduates in the sciences and engineering, and suggestions for alternatives to the brain drain.
Correspondence: Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administracion, Calle Occidente, Edificio IESA, San Bernardino, Caracas 1010, Venezuela. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20530 Garson, Jean-Pierre. International migration: facts, figures, policies. OECD Observer, No. 176, Jun-Jul 1992. 18-24 pp. Paris, France. In Eng.
Recent trends in international migration in OECD member countries are summarized using data from the SOPEMI system, under which OECD countries report annually on international migration affecting them. The synopsis includes a review of recent changes in migration policies, as well as a summary of the impact of immigration on employment and demographic trends.
Correspondence: J.-P. Garson, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Directorate for Education, Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, 2 rue Andre-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20531 Geissler, Clemens. New patterns of international migration in Europe. [Neue Volkerwanderungen in Europa.] Europa Archiv, Vol. 47, No. 19, Oct 10, 1992. 566-72 pp. Bonn, Germany. In Ger.
Trends and causes of international migration patterns in Europe during the 1980s and early 1990s are discussed. The major patterns identified include the movement of refugees and illegal immigrants from developing to developed countries and migration from eastern to western Europe.
Correspondence: C. Geissler, Universitat Hannover, Institut fur Entwicklungsplanung und Strucktur Forschung, Hannover, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20532 Glazer, Nathan. The new immigration: a challenge to American society. Distinguished Graduate Research Lecture Series, No. 3, ISBN 0-916304-81-7. LC 87-32229. 1988. ix, 110 pp. San Diego State University Press: San Diego, California. In Eng.
This volume contains the text of a lecture in which the author explores the social and political implications of recent trends in immigration to the United States. The focus is on whether a suitable migration policy that meets American needs can be developed and implemented. Questions and responses from the discussion that followed the paper's initial presentation are included, as is an extensive bibliography.
Correspondence: San Diego State University Press, San Diego, CA 92182. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20533 Grasmuck, Sherri; Pessar, Patricia R. Between two islands: Dominican international migration. ISBN 0-520-07149-2. LC 90-50924. 1991. xviii, 247 pp. University of California Press: Berkeley, California/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This book presents the results of a two-stage interdisciplinary study of rural and urban communities in the Dominican Republic and related communities of Dominicans living and working in greater New York. It focuses on the consequences of this population movement for the sending and receiving communities, the immigrants and their families....The central analytic concepts guiding our treatment of Dominican migration are: the international division of labor; state policy in the receiving and sending societies; social class relations in the sending and receiving societies; and immigrant households, social networks, and gender and generational hierarchies." Both demographic and anthropological survey data gathered during the 1980s are used in the study.
Correspondence: University of California Press, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20534 Hatton, Timothy J.; Williamson, Jeffrey G. International migration and world development: a historical perspective. NBER Working Paper Series on Historical Factors in Long Run Growth, No. 41, Sep 1992. 64, [16] pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The authors analyze "the character and dimensions of overseas emigration from Europe chiefly from the mid 19th century to World War I [and]...the effects of these migrations on both sending and receiving countries."
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:20535 International Organization for Migration [IOM] (Geneva, Switzerland). Migration and development. International Migration, Special Issue, Vol. 30, No. 3-4, 1992. 243-499 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This is a collection of papers presented at a seminar on migration and development, sponsored by the International Organization for Migration and held in Geneva in 1992. The papers are concerned with "the use of remittances, out-migration of skills from developing countries, potential beneficial effects of the inflow of skilled personnel into developing countries (including the return of qualified nationals residing abroad), and exchange of skills among developing countries in sectors experiencing specific shortages....[They also] analyse the effects of such measures as trade liberalisation, foreign direct investment and specifically targeted development co-operation in relation to international migration."
Correspondence: International Organization for Migration, P.O. Box 71, 1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20536 Israel. Central Bureau of Statistics (Jerusalem, Israel). Immigration to Israel, I-IX 1990. Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Vol. 42, No. 1, Suppl., Jan 1991. 117-30 pp. Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng; Heb.
Data are presented on immigration to Israel for the first nine months of 1990. Of the 112,700 immigrants, 101,700 were from the former USSR.
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Prime Minister's Office, P.O.B. 13015, Jerusalem 91130, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20537 Izquierdo Escribano, Antonio. Illegal migration in Spain (an analysis of government efforts at regulation, 1985-1986). [La inmigracion ilegal en Espana (analisis de la operacion extraordinaria de regularizacion 1985-86).] Revista de Economia y Sociologia del Trabajo, No. 11, Mar 1991. 18-38 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
Illegal migration to Spain and government programs to calculate and regulate the flow of immigrants are described. Consideration is given to labor migration and occupations of migrants, age and sex distribution, country of origin, and applications for work permits.
Correspondence: A. Izquierdo Escribano, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

59:20538 Jaspard, M.; Legoux, L. Immigration in France: what future? [L'immigration en France: quel avenir?] Travaux et Recherches de l'IDUP, No. 5, ISBN 2-9503483-3-5. Jun 1992. 83 pp. Universite de Paris I, Institut de Demographie [IDUP]: Paris, France. In Fre.
These are the proceedings of a conference on immigration in France, held at the Demographic Institute of the University of Paris on May 16, 1990. The publication consists of eight presentations by different authors examining such topics as migration policy, projections of the foreign population, immigration and the nation-state, and the measurement of assimilation.
Correspondence: Universite de Paris I, Institut de Demographie de Paris, 22 Rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20539 Jones, Huw. The new global context of international migration: policy options for Australia in the 1990s. Area, Vol. 24, No. 4, Dec 1992. 359-66 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The rapidly changing context of Australian immigration is considered in relation to economic restructuring, ageing, environmental concerns, Asianisation, and surging world demand. Policy recommendations are made for adjusting the composition of the immigrant flow."
Correspondence: H. Jones, Dundee University, Department of Geography, Dundee DD1 4HN, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20540 Jones, P. N.; Wild, M. T. Western Germany's "third wave" of migrants: the arrival of the Aussiedler. Geoforum, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1992. 1-11 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors analyze the migration of ethnic Germans from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to West Germany during the 1980s. They note that many of the problems associated with the absorption of these migrants stem from their uneven geographical distribution and concentration in certain Lander such as North Rhine-Westphalia. Measures taken by the German government in the areas of employment and housing to relieve these problems are described.
Correspondence: P. N. Jones, University of Hull, School of Geography and Earth Resources, Cottingham Road, Hull HU6 7RX, England. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

59:20541 Jones, Richard C. U.S. migration: an alternative economic mobility ladder for rural central Mexico. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 73, No. 3, Sep 1992. 496-510 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of international labor migration on the sending country's economic development. "The present study examines household expenditure patterns in a Mexican municipio (county)--Villanueva, Zacatecas--in a region known for its high U.S. wage-labor migration....Household expenditures and their spatial patterns are examined across U.S. migration experience categories, and conclusions are drawn about the impact of this migration on local development." The results suggest that "U.S. migration increased the level of economic welfare and possessions of families and increased relative levels of agricultural and human capital investment."
Correspondence: R. C. Jones, University of Texas, Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences, San Antonio, TX 78285-0655. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20542 Kim, Hyun Sook; Min, Pyong Gap. The post-1965 Korean immigrants: their characteristics and settlement patterns. Korea Journal of Population and Development, Vol. 21, No. 2, Dec 1992. 121-43 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Eng.
The authors present an overview of immigration from South Korea to the United States since 1965, "based on data issued by the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the U.S. Bureau of the Census. It will focus on trends in patterns of Korean immigration over the past 25 years, characteristics of the new immigrants, and their settlement patterns. It will use graphs and charts as well as tables....This paper basically provides descriptive information on the post-1965 Korean immigrants."
Correspondence: P. G. Min, City University of New York, Queen's College, Department of Sociology, 65-30 Kissena Boulevard, Flushing, NY 11367. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20543 Knight, Ute; Kowalsky, Wolfgang. Germany only for the Germans? The question of foreigners in Germany, France, and the United States. [Deutschland nur den Deutschen? Die Auslanderfrage in Deutschland, Frankreich und den USA.] ISBN 3-927491-43-8. 1991. 190 pp. Straube: Erlangen, Germany. In Ger.
The history of immigration in Germany, France, and the United States is examined, and the immigration policies of the three countries are compared. Attitudes of the German political parties toward foreigners are then discussed, and prospects for the future are considered.
Correspondence: Verlag Dr. Dietmar Straube, Weinstrasse 70, Postfach 37 40, D-8520 Erlangen, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20544 Lamphere, Louise. Structuring diversity: ethnographic perspectives on the new immigration. ISBN 0-226-46818-6. LC 91-41183. 1992. ix, 257 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois/London, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of six studies on the interaction between new immigrants to U.S. urban areas and the resident population. The studies focus on the social separation between newcomers and established residents. It is hypothesized that this separation is encouraged by the structure of the institutions, such as corporations, school systems, city governments, and housing authorities, through which the two groups relate.
Correspondence: University of Chicago Press, 5801 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20545 Lebon, Andre. Aspects of immigration and the presence of foreigners in France, 1991-1992. [Aspects de l'immigration et de la presence etrangere en France, 1991/1992.] ISBN 2-11-087298-5. Nov 1992. 135 pp. Ministere des Affaires Sociales et de l'Integration, Direction de la Population et des Migrations: Paris, France. Distributed by La Documentation Francaise, 29-31 quai Voltaire, 75334 Paris Cedex 07, France. In Fre.
This is the fifth in a series of annual reports on immigration and the resident foreign community in France. In the first chapter, the author describes international migration flows and the acquisition of French nationality by foreigners. In Chapter 2, 1990 census data are used to analyze the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of migrants. Policy measures concerning immigration and immigrants are discussed in the final chapter. Extensive data on immigration are included in appendixes.
For a previous report for 1990-1991, see 58:10462.
Correspondence: Ministere des Affaires Sociales et de l'Integration, Direction de la Population et des Migrations, 1 place de Fontenoy, 75350 Paris 07 SP, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20546 Lutz, Wolfgang; Prinz, Christopher. What difference do alternative immigration and integration levels make to Western Europe? European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1992. 341-61 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The authors examine the effects of migration and migrant assimilation on population dynamics in Western Europe. "Alternative multi-state population projections to 2050 based on six scenarios show that (1) in the case of no further immigration the total population of Western Europe will start to decline after 2010; (2) the rate of integration influences the future size of the non-European population much more than alternative levels of immigration; (3) in the long run the Eastern Europeans will be quantitatively insignificant; (4) the Western European population is bound to significant population aging no matter what happens with immigration; and (5) in the short to medium run immigrants contribute to the alleviation of the pension burden."
Correspondence: W. Lutz, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20547 Macioti, Maria I.; Pugliese, Enrico. Immigrants in Italy. [Gli immigrati in Italia.] Libri del Tempo Laterza, 2nd ed. No. 225, ISBN 88-420-3779-6. 1993. viii, 222 pp. Editori Laterza: Bari, Italy. In Ita.
This is an analysis of immigration in contemporary Italy. It includes consideration of the impact of immigration on the development of the Italian labor force; migration policy; the impact of migration on immigrants, including their standard of living, acculturation, and the trend toward a multicultural society; and future immigration prospects. Much of the analysis is done in the context of the European Community as a whole rather than on Italy separately.
Correspondence: Edizioni Laterza, Via Dante 51, 70121 Bari, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20548 Manegre, Jean-Francois. Statistics: demography, immigration, and cultural communities in Quebec since 1871. [Statistiques: demographie, immigration et communautes culturelles au Quebec depuis 1871.] ISBN 2-550-22857-X. LC 92-188966. [1992]. iv, 37, [54] pp. Conseil des Communautes Culturelles et de l'Immigration: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
This is an analysis based on secondary sources of the characteristics of the immigrant population in the Canadian province of Quebec. The first chapter looks at population trends and migration to Canada and Quebec since the late nineteenth century. The second chapter describes migrant characteristics, including country of origin, category of admission, age and sex distribution, educational status, income, and labor force participation. The third and final chapter examines other characteristics such as language, minority status, geographic mobility, and religion.
Correspondence: Conseil des Communautes Culturelles et de l'Immigration, C.P. 158, Tour de la Place-Victoria, Montreal, Quebec H4Z 1C3, Canada. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20549 Meisenheimer, Joseph R. How do immigrants fare in the U.S. labor market? Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 115, No. 12, Dec 1992. 3-19 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Data from the U.S. Current Population Survey for November 1989 are used to analyze factors affecting the labor market experiences of migrants to the United States. "This survey showed...that the unemployment rate for immigrants was somewhat higher than the rate for native-born workers, and that the weekly earnings of immigrants who worked full time were significantly lower than those of natives. The survey also pointed to differences in the level of schooling as a major reason for these disparities....Other factors affecting the labor market status of immigrants include the length of time they had lived in the United States and their fluency in English."
Location: Princeton University Library (Docs).

59:20550 Mesic, Milan. The European migration situation and its perspectives. [Evropska migracijska situacija i perspektiva.] Migracijske Teme/Migration Themes, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1988. 371-94 pp. Zagreb, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"The present migration situation is analysed in regard to the labour market, the legal status of migrants, return flows and reintegration, and the position of second generation migrants....In the second part of the paper the author attempts to discern the future of migration in Europe on the basis of existing demographic trends in Europe and the world, present trends [in] the labour market, and current technological changes. In this context he offers an outline for the Yugoslav migration perspective."
Correspondence: M. Mesic, Zagreb University, Department of Sociology, D. Salaja 3, 41.000 Zagreb, Croatia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20551 Morocco. Direction de la Statistique. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques [CERED] (Rabat, Morocco). The Moroccan community abroad. [La communaute marocaine a l'etranger.] Feb 1993. 49 pp. Rabat, Morocco. In Fre.
This report gives a historical overview of international migration trends concerning Morocco and describes the demographic and economic characteristics of Moroccan emigrants in their current countries of residence.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques, Rue Mohamed Belhassan el Ouazzani, Haut-Agdal, B.P. 178, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20552 O'Rourke, Kevin. Why Ireland emigrated: a positive theory of factor flows. Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 44, No. 2, Apr 1992. 322-40 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
Factors affecting the flow of migrants from Ireland in the nineteenth century are discussed, in answer to two questions. "The first is: why was it that labour flowed from Ireland to Britain (and elsewhere), while capital failed to flow from Britain (and elsewhere) to Ireland? The second is: did more productive members of society emigrate?...[The author] outlines a simple two country, two factor, one good model that will be used to formally link [these] two questions....[He also] suggests that high quality workers may indeed have been disproportionately mobile in nineteenth century Ireland. A simple microeconomic argument is given in support of this claim."
Correspondence: K. O'Rourke, Columbia University, Morningside Heights, New York, NY 10027. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:20553 Oberg, Sture; Wils, Anne B. East-West migration in Europe: can migration theories help estimate the numbers? Popnet, No. 22, Winter 1992. 1-7 pp. Laxenburg, Austria. In Eng.
"In this article, we discuss the types of scientific knowledge that could be used to estimate migration flows." Theories from the disciplines of economics, geography, geopolitics, sociology, demography, econometrics, and history are reviewed. The authors find that "each field provides a partial explanation of...migration flows." The geographical focus is on Europe.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20554 Okolski, Marek. Poland across the Rio Grande. European Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1991. 136-49 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng.
The rapid increase in international migration from Eastern to Western Europe that occurred in 1989-1990 is described, with particular attention to the effect of this trend on Poland. The author notes that the relaxation of migration laws in Eastern Europe has allowed migration that would have previously been banned. In addition to the migration stream from east to west, the author also observes that Eastern Europe may become a major destination of refugees from the former Soviet Union as well as from developing countries.
Correspondence: M. Okolski, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26-28, 00-325 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Yale University, Sterling Library, New Haven, CT.

59:20555 Ramirez, Bruno. On the move: French-Canadian and Italian migrants in the North Atlantic economy, 1860-1914. Canadian Social History Series, ISBN 0-7710-7283-X. 1991. 172 pp. McClelland and Stewart: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
This is a comparative study of two North American migration streams: Italian immigrants to North America in general, and French-Canadian migration from Quebec province to the United States. The objective of the study is "to penetrate the local microcosms of sending societies and to identify those selection mechanisms responsible for sending away some villagers but not others or for bringing some of those migrants back to their villages." The study examines the process of working-class formation and the unusual place held by Quebec as both a sending and a receiving society. The time period covered is from 1860 to 1914.
Correspondence: McClelland and Stewart, 481 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2E9, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20556 Richmond, Anthony H. Immigration and structural change: the Canadian experience, 1971-1986. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,200-21 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The educational, occupational, industrial and income characteristics of immigrants in Canada, 1971-1986, are considered in the context of postindustrial structural changes in the economic and social system, including declining primary and secondary sectors. Seven alternative theoretical models are reviewed. A composite model of 'segmented structural change' is found to correspond more closely than alternative theoretical perspectives to the empirical evidence. Specifically, immigrants are found at all levels of the system, but there is differential incorporation by gender, ethnicity and period of immigration. Recent immigrants from Third World countries tend to be disadvantaged."
Correspondence: A. H. Richmond, York University, 4700 Keele Street, North York, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20557 Rogers, R. The politics of migration in the contemporary world. International Migration, Special Issue, Vol. 30, 1992. 33-55 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The impact of political factors on international migration trends is discussed, with a focus on migration to Western Europe. Consideration is given to political and economic pressures to migrate and to responses to migration pressures by governments and the international community. Some future trends in international migration are projected.
Correspondence: R. Rogers, Tufts University, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Medford, MA 02155. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20558 Rowland, Robert. Long-distance migration and its contexts: Portugal and Brazil. [La migracion a grandes distancias y sus contextos: Portugal y Brasil.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 7, No. 21, Aug 1992. 225-74 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews migratory flows from Portugal to Brazil from the sixteenth century to the present. The focus is on the effect on each country's economic development, social characteristics, and demographic profile.
Correspondence: R. Rowland, European University Institute, Department of History and Civilization, C.P. 2330, 50100 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20559 Russell, Sharon S. International migration and political turmoil in the Middle East. Population and Development Review, Vol. 18, No. 4, Dec 1992. 719-27, 787-8, 790 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author discusses the relationship between international migration and political factors in the Middle East, with a focus on the impact of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and subsequent developments within Iraq. "This note argues that, while demographers contributed little to the knowledge and policy action during the Gulf crisis, they can enhance future understanding of the links between international migration and international relations by monitoring and more accurately predicting migration flows and ensuring that academic research is 'translated' for use by the policy community."
Correspondence: S. S. Russell, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Center for International Studies, Cambridge, MA 02139. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20560 Rystad, Goran. Immigration history and the future of international migration. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,168-99 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"International migration must be understood as a permanent phenomenon rather than as a temporary movement. In this article, the author proceeds from the premise that in appreciating the relation between the past and the present, we may be able to draw on 'lessons of the past' to modify our definition and perception of current problems and to analyze possible policies and decisions. The article is divided into several sections, historical changes within migration patterns including different categories of migrants, various phases within the migration process in recent history, theoretical considerations in analysis, distinct types of immigration policies pursued by various states, and current and possible future trends."
Correspondence: G. Rystad, Lunds Universitet, POB 117, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20561 Salt, John. The future of international labor migration. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,077-111 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The article reviews the nature of international labor migration today and the economic and political rationale for its occurrence. It suggests that while the developed economies will continue to attract and exchange highly skilled labor, they will have little need for mass immigration by those with low skill levels. In contrast, poorer countries with rapid population growth and low living standards will encourage emigration, except by the highly skilled. One consequence will be more illegal immigration."
Correspondence: J. Salt, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20562 Siem, H.; Bollini, P. Migration and health in the 1990s. International Migration, Special Issue, Vol. 30, 1992. 240 pp. International Organization for Migration [IOM]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
These are the proceedings of a conference on the effect of international migration on public health. The conference was held in Brussels, Belgium, June 29-July 1, 1992. Papers by various authors are presented covering such topics as migrant rights under international law, the health of ethnic minorities, health policies for migrants in seven receiving countries, social and medical problems of elderly migrants, the epidemiology of diseases among migrants, and the medical screening of immigrants in selected countries. The focus is on migration from developing to developed countries.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: International Organization for Migration, P.O. Box 71, 1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20563 Sturino, Franc. Forging the chain: a case study of Italian migration to North America, 1880-1930. Studies in Ethnic and Immigration History, ISBN 0-919045-45-6. 1990. [vii], 277 pp. Multicultural History Society of Ontario: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
This is a study of migration from the southern Italian province of Cosenza to North America over the period 1880-1930. The author examines the character of this migration as it changed from predominantly sojourn, or temporary, migration to permanent settlement over time, and describes the concept of chain migration. He also assesses both the process of migrant assimilation and the influence of migration on the place of origin.
Correspondence: Multicultural History Society of Ontario, 43 Queen's Park Crescent, E, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20564 Tezuka, Kazuaki. The foreign worker problem in Japan. Japanese Economic Studies, Vol. 21, No. 1, Fall 1992. 3-38 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
The author examines problems posed by the rapid increase in the number of illegal aliens in Japan. The reported number of such immigrants has increased from 28,000 in 1986 to 278,872 in 1992, and is increasing at an estimated rate of 10,000 per month. A sharp increase in crimes involving foreigners is noted.
Correspondence: K. Tezuka, Chiba University, Faculty of Law and Economics, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:20565 Tribalat, Michele; Simon, Patrick. Immigration chronicle. [Chronique de l'immigration.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1993. 125-81 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Trends in international migration to France in 1991 are analyzed. An appendix presents the questionnaire used in a migration survey conducted by the Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques in 1992.
Correspondence: M. Tribalat, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20566 van Amersfoort, Hans. International migration and population in the Netherlands. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie/Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Vol. 84, No. 1, 1993. 65-74 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of international migration on population dynamics in the Netherlands. He considers migration's effect on population growth, the social consequences of the settlement of migrants, and regional variation in migratory flows. Data are from official sources.
Correspondence: H. van Amersfoort, University of Amsterdam, Department of Environmental Sciences, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20567 Werner, Jan. The invasion of the poor: refugees and illegal immigrants. [Die Invasion der Armen: Asylanten und illegale Einwanderer.] ISBN 3-7758-1257-1. 1991. 266 pp. Hase und Koehler: Mainz, Germany. In Ger.
The problems caused by large-scale emigration from developing countries to the industrialized countries of Europe, particularly Germany, are discussed. Topics covered include multicultural societies, international refugee policy, the right to asylum, the problem of foreigners, crime, Middle Eastern terrorism, the Arabs, the Turks, Islam, development aid, overpopulation, Germany as an exporting nation, and survival strategies for Europe.
Correspondence: Hase und Koehler Verlag, Bahnhofstrasse 4-6, Postfach 2269, W-6500 Mainz, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20568 Wisniewski, Zenon. From Poland to Germany: statistical trends and integration problems of emigrants. [Aus Polen--nach Deutschland: zahlenmassige Entwicklung und Integrationsprobleme der Aussiedler.] Osteuropa, Vol. 42, No. 2, Feb 1992. 160-70 pp. Stuttgart, Germany. In Ger.
Information is presented on the volume and structure of migration of ethnic Germans from Poland to West Germany during the period 1950-1989. Problems involving the socioeconomic integration of these migrants are discussed.
Correspondence: Z. Wisniewski, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, ul. Gagarina 11, 87-100 Torun, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

59:20569 Belanger, Alain; Rogers, Andrei. The internal migration and spatial redistribution of the foreign-born population in the United States: 1965-70 and 1975-80. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,342-69 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article examines the importance of place of birth [for] the internal migration and spatial redistribution patterns of the foreign-born population in the United States during the 1965-70 and the 1975-80 periods, relying principally on the Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) files for our input data. The diverse nationalities are aggregated into eight different regions of origin: Mexico, Puerto Rico, Rest of South and Central America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Oceania, Canada and the Rest of the World. First, the regional distribution of these eight groups at the 1970 and 1980 censuses are examined. Next, the spatial redistribution of the foreign-born population and its changes over time are studied...."
This paper was originally presented at the 1990 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: A. Belanger, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20570 Bonifazi, Corrado. Interregional migration and net migration: comments on the Italian case. [Saldi migratori e studio delle migrazioni interregionali: osservazioni sul caso italiano.] Genus, Vol. 48, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1992. 47-67 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"After having examined the relations between the partial net migration and the corresponding total net migration, an attempt is made to identify some indicators...of inter-regional mobility, considering the size of the total net migration in relation to all the net migrations with other territorial units. Attention is particularly focused on two indicators: the index of net regional migratory interchange, and the index of net total migratory interchange...." Data are for regions in Italy during the period 1955-1989.
Correspondence: C. Bonifazi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20571 Congdon, Peter. Aspects of general linear modelling of migration. Statistician, Vol. 41, No. 2, 1992. 133-53 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"This paper investigates the application of general linear modelling principles to analysing migration flows between areas. Particular attention is paid to specifying the form of the regression and error components, and the nature of departures from Poisson randomness. Extensions to take account of spatial and temporal correlation are discussed as well as constrained estimation. The issue of specification bears on the testing of migration theories, and assessing the role migration plays in job and housing markets: the direction and significance of the effects of economic variates on migration depends on the specification of the statistical model. The application is in the context of migration in London and South East England in the 1970s and 1980s."
Correspondence: P. Congdon, London Research Centre, Population and Statistics Group, 81 Black Prince Road, London SE1 7SZ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

59:20572 Galle, Omer R.; Burr, Jeffrey A.; Potter, Lloyd B. Rethinking measures of migration: on the decomposition of net migration. Social Indicators Research, Vol. 28, No. 2, Feb 1993. 157-71 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to 'resurrect' the measure of net migration and defend its continued use under specific research circumstances, despite the current dissatisfaction with the measure as expressed by some scholars. We employ data from the 1980 [U.S.] Census of Population to compare five measures of migration, including net migration rates, in- and out-migration rates, migration efficiency ratios and migration turnover rates. We demonstrate the additivity of in- and out-migration rates with net migration rates and migration turnover rates. Also, we show how the migration efficiency ratio and turnover rates are conceptually and mathematically related. Finally, a simple multivariate model is estimated to show how regression coefficients from in- and out-migration rate models are related to net migration and migration turnover rates."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1987 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: O. R. Galle, University of Texas, Department of Sociology, Population Research Center, Austin, TX 78712. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20573 Harrigan, Frank J.; McGregor, Peter G. Equilibrium and disequilibrium perspectives on regional labor migration. Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1993. 49-67 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
Some alternative models of labor migration in the United States are reviewed, with particular reference to the distinction between equilibrium and disequilibrium models of migration. The authors propose alternative tests to a model developed by Joseph Schacter and Paul G. Althaus "which explicitly recognize the stock-flow interactions between net migration and the distribution of regional population stocks and which make a clean distinction between equilibrium in the temporal and in the market-clearing sense."
For the study by Schacter and Althaus, published in 1989, see 55:20540.
Correspondence: F. J. Harrigan, University of Western Australia, Department of Economics, Nedlands, Western Australia 6009, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20574 Janich, Helmut. The regional mobility of elderly persons. Recent results of migration research. [Die regionale Mobilitat alterer Menschen. Neuere Ergebnisse der Wanderungsforschung.] Informationen zur Raumentwicklung, No. 3-4, 1991. 137-48 pp. Bonn, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
Data from a 1988 study are used to analyze the regional mobility of elderly persons in West Germany. Attention is given to areas of origin and destination and their characteristics, motives and determinants of migration by the elderly, and differences in the migration behavior of various subgroups of elderly persons.
Correspondence: H. Janich, Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landeskunde und Raumordnung, Am Michaelshof 8, 5300 Bonn 2, Germany. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

59:20575 Jobes, Patrick C.; Stinner, William F.; Wardwell, John M. Community, society, and migration: noneconomic migration in America. ISBN 0-8191-8728-3. LC 92-13554. 1992. xix, 389 pp. University Press of America: Lanham, Maryland/London, England. In Eng.
The authors present a selection of analytical research concerning migration decision-making in the United States. The focus is primarily on such noneconomic factors associated with migration as individual characteristics, ecological factors, and community involvement and satisfaction. "This volume documents that social foundations of migration continue to be instrumental in motivating people to move or to stay. Despite the prevalent metaphoric acceptance of an economic model as the explanation governing how people behave, the analyses of migration presented here indicate that noneconomic factors continue to help determine why, when, where and who moves."
Correspondence: University Press of America, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20576 Knapp, Thomas A.; White, Nancy E. Migration decisions and site-specific attributes of public policy: microeconomic evidence from the NLSY. Review of Regional Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2, Fall 1992. 169-84 pp. Knoxville, Tennessee. In Eng.
The authors examine the linkage between household location decisions in the United States and county-level public sector attributes. "This paper demonstrates a relationship between migration and public policy and suggests a role for migration in regional development....We link migration to public policy by treating tax and expenditure variables as site attributes in a utility maximization model. We find that public sector attributes, through their effect on migration, are among the determinants of regional development....An additional contribution of this paper is to suggest that if taxes and public expenditures influence migration, then a general theory of local or regional policy aimed at economic development must include explicit consideration of migration." Microdata from the 1984-1985 U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) are analyzed.
Correspondence: T. A. Knapp, Pennsylvania State University, Department of Economics, Wilkes-Barre, PA. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:20577 LeClere, Felicia B.; McLaughlin, Diane K. Family migration and changes in women's earnings: a decomposition analysis. Population Research Institute Working Paper, No. 1992-20, Oct 1992. 24, [18] pp. Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute: University Park, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"Married women who migrate with their families experience relative earnings losses after migration. In this study, we use data from the 1987 Wave of the [U.S.] Panel Study of Income Dynamics to explicitly examine the relative importance of three sources of those losses: labor force participation, hours of labor supplied, and wages."
Correspondence: Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute, 22 Burrowes Building, University Park, PA 16802-6202. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20578 Liaw, Kao-Lee; Otomo, Atsushi. Interprefectural migration patterns of young adults in Japan: an explanation using a nested logit model. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 14, May 1991. 1-19 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng. with sum. in Jpn.
"This paper uses a nested logit model to explain the departure and destination choice patterns of the 1979-80 interprefectural migrations of the Japanese in five age groups: 15-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34 and 35-39, defined as of October 1, 1980."
Correspondence: K.-L. Liaw, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

59:20579 Lipshitz, Gabriel. Internal migration within a core-periphery structure: the Israeli case. Pennsylvania Geographer, Vol. 29, No. 1, Spring-Summer 1991. 17-28 pp. Indiana, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"The present study examines internal migration in Israel, within a core-periphery spatial structure, between the years 1961 and 1987....[The author analyzes] the balance of migration over the period under study, utilizing graphic analysis, and [develops] a matrix of origin and destination according to quantity of migrants and according to their socio-economic characteristics. The principal conclusion is that over a period of time the balance of migration in the core regions becomes less positive, while in the periphery it becomes less negative."
Correspondence: G. Lipshitz, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Geography, 52 100 Ramat-Gan, Israel. Location: Pennsylvania State University Library, State College, PA.

59:20580 Moskvin, D. D. Population of the USSR: problems of migration (an economic and statistical overview of trends from the 1960s to the 1980s). [Naselenie SSSR: voprosy migratsii (ekonomiko-statisticheskii obzor tendentsii 60-kh--80-kh godov).] ISBN 5-02-011992-X. LC 92-137956. 1991. 157 pp. Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
Trends in migration and spatial distribution in the former Soviet Union from the 1960s to the end of the 1980s are analyzed using data from published sources. The author also examines such migration-related topics as geographical differences in standards of living and their impact on migration, problems of urbanization, and future problems related to spatial distribution.
Correspondence: Nauka, Profsoyuznaya ul. 90, 117864, GSP-7, Moscow B-485, Russia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20581 Mueser, Peter R.; Graves, Philip E. Examining the role of economic opportunity and amenities in explaining population redistribution. Department of Economics Working Paper Series, No. 91-1, Mar 1991. 34 pp. University of Missouri, Department of Economics: Columbia, Missouri. In Eng.
The authors critique the literature on relationships between migration decisions and regional employment and development factors in the United States.
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1990 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: University of Missouri, Department of Economics, 118 Professional Building, Columbia, MO 65211. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20582 Oran, Ahmad. Intermetropolitan Brazilian migration: estimates of a multinomial logistic model. College of Commerce and Business Administration Faculty Working Paper, No. 91-0115, Feb 1991. 34 pp. University of Illinois, College of Commerce and Business Administration: Urbana, Illinois. In Eng.
Data are from the 1980 Brazilian census.
Correspondence: University of Illinois, College of Commerce and Business Administration, Bureau of Economic and Business Research, Urbana, IL 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20583 Pessino, Carola. The theory of sequential migration: the example of Peru. [La teoria de la migracion secuencial y la experiencia del Peru.] Trimestre Economico, Special Issue, Vol. 58, Dec 1991. 79-119 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author applies the theory of sequential migration to the study of internal labor migration of migrants with scant knowledge about the destination area or the financial implications of migrating. Consideration is given to the impact of socioeconomic status on the decision to migrate from both urban and rural areas. Data are from the 1985-1986 Survey of Living Standards in Peru.
Correspondence: C. Pessino, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:20584 Roy, B. K. On the questions of migration in India: challenges and opportunities. GeoJournal, Vol. 23, No. 3, Mar 1991. 257-68 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author examines migration trends in India using data from the 1971 and 1981 censuses. The focus is on place of birth and place of last residence as factors affecting migration. The need for appropriate migration policies is emphasized.
Correspondence: B. K. Roy, National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation of India, 50-A Gariahat Road, Calcutta 700 019, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20585 Roy, Jacques. The exodus of the young from rural areas: looking for a job or a life-style. [L'exode des jeunes du milieu rural: en quete d'un emploi ou d'un genre de vie.] Recherches Sociographiques, Vol. 33, No. 3, Sep-Dec 1992. 429-44 pp. Quebec, Canada. In Fre.
Results are presented from a survey on reasons for out-migration, based on interviews of 423 young people living in a rural area of Quebec Province, Canada. The two main reasons given for such migration are to search for suitable employment or for an environment more conducive to the life-style desired by those migrating.
Correspondence: J. Roy, Universite Laval, Centre de Recherches sur les Services Communautaires, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20586 Ruppert, Helmut. The significance of drinking water for population migration in the Sahel zone of the Republic of Sudan. Applied Geography and Development, Vol. 37, 1991. 39-47 pp. Tubingen, Germany. In Eng.
This study examines how the availability of water supplies affects migration in the Sahel region of Sudan. More particularly, the author shows that "through the development of watering-places and the opening-up of new water resources, the government influences considerably processes of population migration and regional concentrations of population groups."
Correspondence: H. Ruppert, Universitat Bayreuth, Institut fur Geowissenschaften, Universitatsstrasse 30, 8580 Bayreuth, Germany. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:20587 Serow, William J. Unanswered questions and new directions in research on elderly migration: economic and demographic perspectives. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, Vol. 4, No. 3-4, 1992. 73-89 pp. Binghamton, New York. In Eng.
The author uses data from the 1990 U.S. census to examine migration of elderly Americans, and predicts the usefulness to researchers of the 1994 Retirement and Health Survey. Consideration is given to reasons for migrating, consequences of migration, and implications for social and economic policy.
Correspondence: W. J. Serow, Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20588 Singh, Janardan P.; Kumar, Dilip. A technical note on index of migration differentials. Genus, Vol. 48, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1992. 217-21 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
A technique used by the United Nations for computing indexes of migration differentials is evaluated and modified using internal migration data for Japan.
Correspondence: J. P. Singh, Patna University, Department of Sociology, Patna, Bihar 800 005, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20589 Smith, Kenneth J.; Longino, Charles F.; Leeds, Dawn. Roots: black return migration to the South. Humanity and Society, Vol. 16, No. 1, Feb 1992. 40-53 pp. Charlotte, North Carolina. In Eng.
The authors analyze the characteristics of older black migrants in the United States using data from the 1980 census public use microdata sample. Particular emphasis is placed on return migration to place of birth in the South.
Correspondence: K. J. Smith, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20590 Sofer, Michael. Labour circulation and the village economy in Fiji. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Vol. 13, No. 2, Dec 1992. 118-29 pp. Singapore. In Eng.
The author examines circular labor migration in Fiji. "This paper is organized into five sections. The first section provides a brief discussion of two major perspectives of labour circulation in developing countries. The second section presents the state of the Fijian village in the context of the current pattern of uneven development in Fiji. The practice of labour circulation by Fijian villagers is dealt with in the third section. In the last two sections, issues concerning the maintenance of the polarized pattern and the preservation of the village mode of production are discussed."
Correspondence: M. Sofer, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, 69 978 Tel Aviv, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20591 Tannen, Michael B. Migration from the northeast to the southeast in Brazil: do migrants succeed? Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1992. 32-49 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"In this paper 1980 [Brazilian] Census microdata are used to evaluate the experiences of males who moved from the Northeast to the Southeast in the post- 'miracle' period. Using regression analysis, migrant earnings are compared to those of persons who remain in the Northeast, to estimate the average earnings gain from relocating. These results are then disaggregated by education, age at migration, period of residence, and particular sending and receiving location, to provide more specific information on which groups benefit most. Wide variation in gains is observed, but substantial improvements in earnings are reported in most cases."
Correspondence: M. B. Tannen, University of the District of Columbia, Washington, D.C. 20008. Location: University of California Library, Berkeley, CA.

59:20592 Trotter, Joe W. The great migration in historical perspective: new dimensions of race, class, and gender. Blacks in the Diaspora, ISBN 0-253-36075-7. LC 91-4379. 1991. xiv, 160 pp. Indiana University Press: Bloomington, Indiana. In Eng.
This is a collection of eight studies on aspects of the large-scale migration of U.S. African-Americans from the South during the first half of the twentieth century. "The collection not only documents the usual sources, causes, and consequences of black population movement, but also the dynamic role of black kin, friend, and communal networks in the process. Thus, the essays locate black migration within the South, situate it within the changing political economy, and emphasize the role of blacks in shaping their own migration experiences."
Correspondence: Indiana University Press, Tenth and Morton Streets, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

59:20593 Cernea, Michael M. Internal refugee flows and development-induced population displacement. Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1990. 320-39 pp. Eynsham, England. In Eng.
The author explores global patterns in the internal migration of refugees and in other forms of population displacement. "First, the paper will consider the causal agents of internal population displacement; second, it will provide a brief overview of World Bank involvement during the last two decades in emergency projects that assist internal refugees; and third, the paper will discuss several key issues common to refugees and population groups dislocated by planned development interventions. In the context of the last point, I will examine the magnitude of such induced dislocations and the policy framework that must guide projects causing displacement."
Correspondence: M. M. Cernea, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: New York University Law School Library, New York, NY.

59:20594 Koehn, Peter H. Refugees from revolution: U.S. policy and third-world migration. ISBN 0-8133-7719-6. LC 91-31275. 1991. xiv, 463 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the increasing pressures generated by South-North migration, and particularly with the international migration of refugees. The author also considers the interrelationships among foreign, refugee, and immigration policies in the United States. The study begins with an overview of the events that are leading to increasing out-migration from the third world, and then focuses on official and political refugees. Parts 2 and 3 examine migration routes taken by refugees from various countries' revolutions and how these migrants have been received in the United States. Part 4 looks at repatriation, and Part 5 focuses on policy implications for the United States.
Correspondence: Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301-2847. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20595 Rogers, Rosemarie. The future of refugee flows and policies. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,112-43 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The number of forced migrants...is estimated today to exceed 40 million [worldwide]. The changed international climate of the 1990s...has shifted the focus from the asylum and resettlement countries to the countries of origin: there is today a greater willingness to intervene in other countries' affairs either to avert the creation of new flows of focused migrants or to assist internally displaced populations, and there is the expectation of large-scale voluntary returns of refugees in asylum. This article discusses these and other policy issues concerning forced migration in this new international environment."
Correspondence: R. Rogers, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

59:20596 Brecht, Beatrix. Determinants of remigrant behavior: an application of the grouped Cox model. In: Economic evolution and demographic change: formal models in social sciences, edited by G. Haag, U. Mueller, and K. G. Troitzsch. 1992. 234-54 pp. Springer-Verlag: New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
The author examines "time intervals between successive events--in this case, the length of stay for guest workers in Germany--[using] individual data...to model a dependency of the sojourns from the collected covariates....The focus of this article is the application of a discrete-time version of the...grouped Cox model. It takes into consideration both the discrete-time raised length of stay, which the application of a continuous-time sojourn model does not permit, and the appearance of censored observations....The data that is used in this study comes from surveys conducted annually since 1984 [in Germany]...."
Correspondence: B. Brecht, Universitat Konstanz, Sonderforschungsbereich 178/C7, Postfach 5560, 7750 Constance, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:20597 Connell, John. Far beyond the Gulf: the implications of warfare for Asian labour migration. Australian Geographer, Vol. 23, No. 1, May 1992. 44-50 pp. Gladesville, Australia. In Eng.
The implications of the Gulf War are assessed for the countries in Asia that send labor migrants to the Middle East. "This paper seeks to examine the effects of...the loss of remittances (and related issues, including return migration), primarily in terms of the long-term implications of the War for the future of contract labour migration in the Asian region...."
Correspondence: J. Connell, University of Sydney, Department of Geography, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20598 Dimitrov, Emil. Geographic features and analysis of daily labor migration in Bulgaria. [Geografski osobenosti i analiz na ezhednevnite trudovi migratsii v Balgariya.] Naselenie, No. 6, 1992. 22-33 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author examines geographical variations in daily commuting in Bulgaria from before World War II to the present.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20599 Gunatilleke, Godfrey. Migration to the Arab world: experience of returning migrants. Pub. Order No. E.90.III.A.11. ISBN 92-808-0745-5. 1991. 352 pp. United Nations University Press: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
This book presents seven case studies on the experiences of migrant workers returning from the Middle East to Bangladesh, Kerala in India, Pakistan, the Philippines, South Korea, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. The data are from a survey of some 500 returning migrants. "The survey revealed what sort of labourers migrated and why; how migrants were recruited; conditions of employment in the host country and how migrants adjusted to their new environments; the impact of migration on the worker's household; and experiences of returned migrants as they reentered the work-force and were reabsorbed in their home country." The general conclusion drawn is that "in terms of economic well-being and human development, the migration has brought benefits to a significant proportion of the migrants."
Correspondence: United Nations University Press, Toho Seimei Building, 15-1 Shibuya 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan. Location: Columbia University Library, New York, NY.

59:20600 Hwang, Sean-Shong; Fitzpatrick, Kevin M. The effects of occupational sex segregation and the spatial distribution of jobs on commuting patterns. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 73, No. 3, Sep 1992. 550-64 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"This study uses the commuting data from the 1980 U.S. Census to examine how metropolitan workers' choice of workplace is constrained by the residence of workers, the spatial distribution of jobs, and occupational sex segregation. The results show that, despite a general tendency among workers to be employed in their area of residence, the spatial distribution of jobs and sex-typed occupations often necessitates workers commuting to places discordant with their residence."
Correspondence: S.-S. Hwang, University of Alabama, Department of Sociology, Birmingham, AL 35294. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20601 Punpuing, Sureeporn. Correlates of commuting patterns: a case study of Bangkok, Thailand. IPSR Publication, No. 162, ISBN 974-587-453-1. [1991?]. 38 pp. Mahidol University, Institute for Population and Social Research [IPSR]: Nakhon Pathom, Thailand. In Eng.
"The objective of the study is to analyse the relationships between demographic, socio-economic, and social environment variables and commuting patterns [in Bangkok, Thailand]....This paper begins with an examination of theoretical issues related to commuting patterns, followed by a description of commuting in Bangkok. The third section assesses the data source and definitions used in the study. The choice of workplace location is analysed in the fourth section, while the following section focuses on identifying the correlates of commuting time and commuting distance."
Correspondence: Mahidol University, Institute for Population and Social Research, 25/25 Puthamonthon 4 Road, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20602 Saenz, Rogelio; Davila, Alberto. Chicano return migration to the Southwest: an integrated human capital approach. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 4, Winter 1992. 1,248-66 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This study uses an integrated human capital framework to examine the relationship between human capital, employment and ethnic factors and return migration to the Southwest [United States] among Chicanos. The sample used in the study is derived from the 1980 Public Use Microdata Samples and contains 1,926 Chicano householders between the ages of 25 and 64 who were born in one of five southwest states, lived outside of this region in 1975, and worked in the civilian labor force at any time between 1975 and 1980. The results suggest that various human capital, employment and ethnic composition variables are important predictors of Chicano return migration."
Correspondence: R. Saenz, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

59:20603 Faltan, L'ubomir. Migration and its social consequences in relation to the character of rural settlements. [Migracia a jej socialne dosledky na charakter vidieckych sidiel.] Sociologia, Vol. 22, No. 4, 1990. 433-42 pp. Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. In Slo. with sum. in Eng; Ger; Rus.
The consequences of rural-urban migration in Slovakia for the population of rural areas is analyzed, particularly with regard to socioeconomic, educational, and administrative impacts. Data are primarily from the 1980 census of Czechoslovakia.
Correspondence: L. Faltan, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Sociologicky Ustav, Obruncov Mieru 49, 814138 Bratislava, Slovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20604 Glomm, Gerhard. A model of growth and migration. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 25, No. 4, Nov 1992. 901-22 pp. Kingston, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper contains a model with which the desirability of persistent urbanization can be examined. There are two regions: city and countryside. Joint restrictions on the technologies in each region and on preferences over the goods produced in each region are the driving force of migration. In equilibrium there is persistent migration from the countryside to the city. Even though there are externalities in production, the competitive equilibrium is Pareto optimal."
Correspondence: G. Glomm, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:20605 Khraif, Rshodd M. Permanent versus temporary rural migrants in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia--a logit analysis of their intentions of future mobility. GeoJournal, Vol. 26, No. 3, Mar 1992. 363-70 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The aim of this paper is to investigate the factors affecting intentions of rural-migrants to return to their rural origins. Several socioeconomic, demographic, spatial, and temporal variables will be introduced to explore their explanatory power and interrelationship with the migrants' intentions. These variables are: Years lived in Riyadh, the current place of parents' residency, land ownership in the village, home ownership in the urban area, income, household size, and the area of origin. The data, which come from a sample survey of migrants conducted in Riyadh in 1983, will be analyzed by the means of binary logit model."
Correspondence: R. M. Khraif, King Saud University, Department of Geography, POB 2456, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20606 Mirovski, V.; Morozova, G. Migration of the population of large cities in the USSR and the countries of Eastern Europe. [Migratsiya naseleniya v bol'shikh gorodakh SSSR i stran Vostochnoi Evropy.] ISBN 5-02-013365-5. LC 92-119907. 1990. 109 pp. Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of studies on migration as it affects the larger cities in the former USSR and Eastern Europe. Separate studies are included on Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and the USSR. The data are from official sources and from identical surveys of some 4,000 urban migrants in each of the countries concerned. Topics covered include migrant characteristics, reasons for migration, and adaptation of migrants to city life.
Correspondence: Nauka, Profsoyuznaya ul. 90, 117864, GDP-7, Moscow B-485, Russia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20607 Tsekov, Nikolay. Regional policy for rural settlements in Bulgaria. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie/Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Vol. 83, No. 5, 1992. 402-8 pp. Utrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
Government policies concerning rural settlement and rural-urban migration in Bulgaria since 1944 are evaluated and described. The author observes that during this period, "Bulgaria...has undergone rapid urbanization....The marked destructive processes in the rural settlement network since 1944, mainly due to the ageing of the rural population and its migration to the cities, have necessitated the implementation of an active regional policy in rural regions. A 'policy of key settlements' and 'a policy of key regions' were developed in recent years [to encourage rural development]."
Correspondence: N. Tsekov, Sofia University, Institute of Geography, 15 Rousski Boulevard, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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