Gwyn. The state and pre-colonial demographic history: the
case of nineteenth-century Madagascar. Journal of African History,
Vol. 32, No. 3, 1991. 415-45 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This paper analyses the demography of nineteenth-century Madagascar in the light of the debate generated by the demographic transition theory....[It] argues that in the case of nineteenth-century Madagascar the human factor, in the form of the Merina state, was the predominant demographic influence. However, the impact of the state was felt through natural forces, and it varied over time....[The author] questions the underlying assumptions governing the debate about historical demography in Africa and suggests that the demographic impact of political forces be re-evaluated in terms of their changing interaction with 'natural' demographic influences."
Correspondence: G. Campbell, University of the Witwatersrand, PO Wits, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
59:10563 Culbert, T.
Patrick; Rice, Don S. Precolumbian population history in
the Maya lowlands. ISBN 0-8263-1219-5. LC 90-13016. 1990. xx, 395
pp. University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque, New Mexico. In Eng.
This is a collection of chapters by various authors on aspects of the demography of the Maya in Central America. It is the product of a session organized at the 50th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology in Denver, Colorado, in 1985. The focus is on quantitative data and the methods that can be applied to their analysis. Most of the contributions attempt to estimate the size of the Mayan lowland population before the Spanish conquest.
Correspondence: University of New Mexico Press, 1720 Lomas Boulevard NE, Albuquerque, NM 87131-1591. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Jack A. Revolution and rebellion in the early modern
world. ISBN 0-520-06758-4. LC 89-49052. 1991. xxix, 608 pp.
University of California Press: Berkeley, California/Oxford, England.
The author examines the causes of political revolutions in the early modern world. The focus is on the wave of rebellions that occurred between 1600 and 1660, typified by the English Revolution of the 1640s, and on a second wave of crises that occurred between 1789 and 1848, including the French Revolution of 1789. Particular attention is given to how population trends affected early modern societies. The author suggests that "most political scientists and historians have underestimated the role of demography in political crises by thinking only about aggregate population changes. They have thereby overlooked the disproportionate impact that even moderate overall population change has on particular groups--urban workers, landless peasants, the young, and noninheriting offspring of elites--as well as the massive indirect effects of population change on prices, government revenues, and income distribution."
Correspondence: University of California Press, 2120 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
59:10565 Kislyi, A.
E. Age distribution and the revolution of a productive
economy. [Vozrastnaya struktura naseleniya i revolyutsiya
proizvodyashchego khozyaistva.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol.
15, 1991. 150-61 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
"The author [outlines the] demographic development caused by neolithic revolution which is compared with...demographic development [in modern times]. Paleoanthropological materials beginning from the Mesolithic epoch (Middle Stone Age) are...used."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:10566 Payling, S.
J. Social mobility, demographic change, and landed society
in late medieval England. Economic History Review, Vol. 45, No. 1,
Feb 1992. 51-73 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper aims to document the impact of the plague-induced demographic crisis of the second half of the fourteenth and first half of the fifteenth centuries on the succession patterns of the English landed aristocracy, and to show that, while these changed succession patterns both increased the wealth of the established families that survived the plague and encouraged upward mobility into the landed class, they were particularly important in promoting the latter."
Correspondence: S. J. Payling, University of Oxford, Balliol College, Oxford OX1 3BJ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Chamorro, Federico J. Demography and society in early
nineteenth-century Madrid (1787-1857). [Demografia y sociedad en
el Madrid decimononico (1787-1857).] ISBN 84-7506-331-4. . 223,
 pp. Turner Libros: Madrid, Spain; Ayuntamiento de Madrid: Madrid,
Spain. In Spa.
The author presents a socio-demographic study of the population of Madrid, Spain, during the period 1787-1857, using data from civil and parish registers. Consideration is given to such quality of life factors as personal and public hygiene, housing, food supply, and disease. A section on poverty and begging and some possible governmental solutions to these problems is included.
Correspondence: Turner Libros, Genova 3, 28004 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Richard T.; Eversley, David. Friends in life and death:
the British and Irish Quakers in the demographic transition,
1650-1900. Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in
Past Time, No. 17, ISBN 0-521-39201-2. LC 90-21802. 1992. xix, 281 pp.
Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In
The technique of family reconstitution is used to analyze social, demographic, and familial changes among some 8,000 Quaker families in Great Britain and Ireland over the period 1650-1900. The authors "show how Quaker religious values delayed marriage, and the evidence suggests that in the seventeenth century English Quakers practiced family limitation, although their Irish counterparts, by contrast, became one of the most fertile of all demographic groupings. Severe urban mortality was the fate of many urban Quakers prior to 1750, but sanitary improvements seem to have reduced this, and from 1825 onwards the Quakers were in the vanguard of the move toward the small, modern family."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Alain; Bonneuil, Noel; Blanchet, Didier. Models of
historical demography. [Modeles de la demographie historique.]
Congres et Colloques, No. 11, ISBN 2-7332-4011-0. 1992. ix, 370 pp.
Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France;
Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a selection of the papers presented at a seminar held in June 1989 in Paris, France, which was organized in honor of the late Louis Henry and focused on developments in the methodologies available for the study of historical demography. The 17 papers are divided into four sections, which are concerned with family reconstitution, genealogical approaches, and aggregate methods; variability in demographic series and the stability of reconstitutions; recent developments in Malthusian models; and demographic behavior during the demographic transition. The primary geographical focus is on Europe.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Alan. The Bishops' Census of 1563: its significance and
accuracy. Local Population Studies, No. 49, Autumn 1992. 19-37 pp.
Matlock, England. In Eng.
The author evaluates the accuracy and reliability of the Bishops' Census, conducted in 1563 in England and Wales. He explains the techniques required to estimate total population figures from that census.
Correspondence: A. Dyer, University of Wales, History Department, Bangor, Wales. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Giovanni; Moro, Maria; Spinelli, Pierpaolo; Trivellato, Francesca;
Vianello, Francesco. The souls of demography. Sources for
estimating population trends in Venetia in the sixteenth and
seventeenth centuries. [Le anime dei demografi. Fonti per la
rilevazione dello stato della popolazione di Venezia nei secoli XVI e
XVII.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 15, 1991. 23-110 pp.
Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The authors critically review the available sources of demographic data for the Italian Venetian Republic in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The primary focus is on ecclesiastical records.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ronald. Accidental and systematic change in population
history: homeostasis in a stochastic setting. Explorations in
Economic History, Vol. 30, No. 1, Jan 1993. 1-30 pp. Orlando, Florida.
"My goal in this paper is to draw out some general features of the macrodynamic behavior of homeostatic demographic regimes, features that arise from fundamental similarities of structure underlying the diversity of mechanisms. I will develop a simple, schematic representation and examine its dynamic behavior, considering in particular its behavior in a stochastic context....I first consider the qualitative behavior of different hypothetical types of homeostatic system and briefly review relevant empirical evidence. Next I develop a model of homeostasis and consider its dynamic behavior in a stochastic setting. The analysis leads me to view homeostasis as a filter which attenuates certain kinds of external shocks while passing or amplifying others. After developing the general analysis, I consider several applications and extensions: the origin of long swings in demographic history, problems of estimating the parameters of a homeostatic system, and technological change induced by population growth...." The geographical focus is on Europe, with some data for England used to illustrate.
Correspondence: R. Lee, University of California, Demography and Economics, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).
Steven. Migration, marriage, and mortality: correcting
sources of bias in English family reconstitutions. Population
Studies, Vol. 46, No. 3, Nov 1992. 507-22 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"In this paper I illustrate the downward bias in marriage age and life expectancy in family reconstitution data under pre-industrial English demographic conditions, and suggest methods for correcting the errors. In addition, I evaluate the procedures proposed by Alain Blum for the estimation of adult mortality."
For the article by Blum, published in 1989, see 55:40516.
Correspondence: S. Ruggles, University of Minnesota, Department of History, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).