Gunter; Heilig, Gerhard; Schmitt-Rink, Gerhard. Acta
demographica 1992. ISBN 3-7908-0566-1. 1992. 252 pp.
Physica-Verlag: Heidelberg, Germany. In Eng; Ger.
This is a collection of 15 papers by various authors on topics in demography, including women's status, historical mortality trends, and the classification of countries by development stage. The geographical scope is worldwide. Six of the papers are in English, and the rest are in German.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Physica-Verlag, Tiergartenstrasse 17, D-6900 Heidelberg 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Francois. Populations in danger. ISBN 0-86196-392-X.
1992. 154 pp. John Libbey: London, England; Medecins Sans Frontieres:
Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
This is a global review, translated from the original French, of a number of crisis spots where populations are in particular danger of early death. It is based on the experiences of those working for the international organization for emergency medical aid, Medecins Sans Frontieres. Part One consists of nine regional reviews of major problem areas. Part Two contains eight separate studies on crisis trends involving armed conflicts, refugees, famines, epidemics, and humanitarian assistance; the final study of these eight examines myths and realities concerning the population explosion.
Correspondence: John Libbey, 13 Smiths Yard, Summerley Street, London SW18 4HR, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:10003 De Wit,
Margaret L. Sex differences in the participation,
occupations and research interests of current members of the Canadian
Population Society, 1990. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 19,
No. 2, 1992. 217-32 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
"Using data from the 1990 CPS Membership Directory, this report provides a profile of women's representation in the discipline of demography. A number of basic characteristics are considered in developing this profile, including women's participation in the field of demography; their distribution between full-time studies and the paid work force; their employment in academic versus non-academic sectors; and the types of research undertaken, all compared to the representation of their male counterparts in the CPS."
Correspondence: M. L. De Wit, University of Western Ontario, Department of Sociology, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
A. Demographic analysis and society.
[Demograficheskii analiz i obshchestvo.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 8,
1992. 19-23 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
The author discusses the science of demography and its place in Soviet society, and suggests that its importance has been underestimated in Soviet scientific research establishments. Furthermore, it is found that a simplistic approach to demographic issues remains a problem and that the methodology and analytical techniques needed to study complex demographic issues are still lacking in Russia. The need to improve the quality of demographic studies is stressed, particularly in the areas of regional, economic, theoretical, and political demography.
Correspondence: A. Kvasha, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, 117234 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Susan A. Alice in demographyland: how it looks from the
other side of the looking glass. Canadian Studies in Population,
Vol. 19, No. 2, 1992. 233-9 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng.
"In this paper, a glimpse of some of the challenges posed to academic women demographers is offered. As the title of the paper suggests, 'Alice's' look from the other side of the looking glass may not be every woman's, but hopefully in sharing reflections on (1) challenges to women in academia generally, and (2) the gender challenge to demography in particular, the door can be opened for further discussion, research and change." The geographical focus is on Canada.
Correspondence: S. A. McDaniel, University of Alberta, Department of Sociology, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Robert S. The population explosion. Futurist, Vol.
26, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1992. 9-13 pp. Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
The author summarizes arguments concerning the negative effects of continuing rapid rates of population growth around the world.
Correspondence: R. S. McNamara, 1455 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20004. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Geoffrey. The agenda of population studies: a commentary
and complaint. Population Council Research Division Working Paper,
No. 42, 1992. 36 pp. Population Council, Research Division: New York,
New York. In Eng.
The author critiques current trends in population research. "Increasing technical sophistication in the analysis of population processes has been accompanied by an apparent lessening of interest by demographers in the larger related questions of social and behavioral change. It is argued that population studies contributes little to any cumulative social scientific enterprise and often fails to draw on potentially relevant advances in neighboring fields. With global demographic transition seen to be well underway, population studies has been content with a policy role marked chiefly by close attentiveness to existing antinatalist program operations....Population studies' agenda in theory, policy thinking, and even technical analysis should be based on a much wider-angled view of the future."
Correspondence: Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jean-Marie. French demographic research: the turning
point. [La recherche demographique francaise: le tournant.]
Esprit, No. 178, Jan 1992. 5-29 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Some current trends in demographic research in France are reviewed. The author notes that much of the officially sponsored research has been pro-natalist in nature, due to concern about the decline in French fertility. He suggests that future research should try to avoid this bias, particularly with regard to the study of demographic trends in developing countries. Some attention is given to the debate emanating from the critique by Herve le Bras of the research program at INED.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Sylvia T. Women in demography in Canada: the 1940's to
the late 1960's. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 19, No. 2,
1992. 181-215 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper summarizes some of the activities and work of a number of women who were involved in demography in Canada in the 1940's, the 1950's and the 1960's. Selection was based simply on documented work, or employment experience, or both, with a central focus on demographic and population concerns. Of those included, only a few were 'super stars'. Some made only 'one-time' contributions, rather than devoting life-time careers to demography. All are included on the strength of certain activities, initiatives or accomplishments that laid foundations on which others were subsequently able to build."
Correspondence: S. T. Wargon, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Feichtinger, Gustav; Prskawetz, Alexia. Irregular
fluctuations in nonlinear demographic processes. [Seltsames
Verhalten nichtlinearer demographischer Prozesse.] In: Acta
demographica 1992, edited by Gunter Buttler, Gerhard Heilig, and
Gerhard Schmitt-Rink. 1992. 131-56 pp. Physica-Verlag: Heidelberg,
Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"Periodic oscillations and irregular fluctuations play an increasing role in modeling the dynamics of human populations. The present paper shows how the theory of nonlinear--especially chaotic--dynamical systems may be applied in demography. In particular, some mechanisms are discussed which may imply chaotic trajectories. Moreover, numerical tools based on nonlinear theory are introduced. Using these techniques a periodic time series can be classified. In particular one can test whether the irregular behaviour of certain time series is caused by chaotic or stochastic dynamics. A nonlinear Leslie-Model is used to demonstrate these techniques."
Correspondence: G. Feichtinger, Akademie der Wissenchaften, Institut fur Demographie Osterreichischen, Hintere Zollamtstrasse 2b, A-1040 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Dennis. Ideological currents and the interpretation of
demographic trends: the case of Francis Amasa Walker. Journal of
the History of the Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 28, No. 1, Jan 1992. 28-44
pp. Brandon, Vermont. In Eng.
"Late nineteenth-century influences on American population thought are highlighted by focusing on Francis Amasa Walker's theory of...American fertility decline [among the native-born]. Malthusianism, Darwinism, and racism combined to produce a new biological Malthusianism that identified a population calamity more harmful than overpopulation--biological deterioration....This essay focuses on a theory Walker developed...in 1891 [when] he explained the native American's small family size: the influx of 'inferior' immigrants willing to work for low wages heightened competition, and made the native 'unwilling to bring sons and daughters into the world'....Because Walker's theory offered an explanation of a widely known demographic trend, it was both of great policy import and amenable to empirical scrutiny. Its acceptance by many American social scientists without such scrutiny, however, illustrates the power of race and class to subvert the scientific method."
Correspondence: D. Hodgson, Fairfield University, Department of Sociology, Fairfield, CT 06430-7524. Location: Princeton University Library (SW).
J. W. Malthus revisited. Mankind Quarterly, Vol. 32,
No. 4, Summer 1992. 421-35 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a philosophical overview of the ethical issues surrounding global population growth and population control. The focus is on the need to avoid "a return to a Malthusian scenario" by enacting strict population control measures.
Correspondence: J. W. Jamieson, Institute for the Study of Man, Washington, D.C. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Priyatosh. The demographic effects of technological change
and capitalist transformation--a re-interpretation of the demographic
transition theory. Artha Vijnana, Vol. 34, No. 2, Jun 1992. 125-54
pp. Pune, India. In Eng.
"The paper re-examines the Demographic Transition Model using the experience of the demographic effects of technological change introduced in the Third World. In this context the two phases of technological change--extensive and intensive--are analysed with their effects on the demand for labour and the consequent effects on the fertility rate. This is studied using the cases of [the United Kingdom and India]."
Correspondence: P. Maitra, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Peter. Continuity and change in population science and
political thought in Germany over the past two hundred years.
[Kontinuitaten und Bruche im bevolkerungswissenschaftlichen und
bevolkerungspolitischen Denken in Deutschland wahrend der letzten zwei
Jahrhunderte.] In: Acta demographica 1992, edited by Gunter Buttler,
Gerhard Heilig, and Gerhard Schmitt-Rink. 1992. 117-30 pp.
Physica-Verlag: Heidelberg, Germany. In Ger.
This is a review of trends in population theory and related political thought in Germany over the past two centuries. Consideration is given to the effects of natural and regional demographic differences, socioeconomic factors, and Malthusianism. Changes in the definitions of terms are also described.
Correspondence: P. Marschalck, Auf dem Bohnenkamp 79, D-2800 Bremen 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
59:10015 Sharma, A.
K. The Gandhian theory of population: relevance and
implications. Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 37, No. 4, Dec 1991.
32-45 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The author reviews Gandhi's theories on population growth and control in India and compares them with Western demographic theories. The focus is on how Indian culture and philosophy shaped Gandhi's outlook. "While Malthusian theory focuses on the consequences of population growth and Marxian theory focuses on the causes of 'surplus' population, Gandhian theory stresses the relationship between the method of population control and the 'correct' political action."
Correspondence: A. K. Sharma, Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kanpur 208 016, India. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.
V. S. Some theoretical problems in the development of
demo-economic studies. [Nekotorye problemy razvitiya
demoekonomicheskikh issledovanii.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol.
15, 1991. 14-24 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The author analyzes the state of current demographic research and discusses the importance of including economic theory in the formulation of demographic theory.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Tsanko. Some considerations regarding the subject of
demography. [Nyakoi saobrazheniya otnosno predmeta na
demografiyata.] Naselenie, No. 5, 1992. 75-84 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In
Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Some definitions of demography and demographic phenomena are offered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
No citations in this issue.
William H. Investigating social and demographic change in
America: an introductory social demography course. Overview and data
sets. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 92-251, Aug
1992. 31 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann
Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This project develops an undergraduate course which introduces college students to major social, economic, and political influences that have affected the demographic structure of the national population over the past four decades. The course permits students, working in small teams, to investigate the ways in which changes in race relations, family living arrangements, the status of women, and the nation's industrial structure affect particular birth cohorts, population subgroups, and geographic areas." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Abaunza, Jaime. Elemental concepts of demographic
techniques. [Conceptos elementales de tecnicas demograficas.] Jul
1990. 278 pp. Centro para la Promocion, Investigacion y el Desarrollo
Rural y Social [CIPRES]: Managua, Nicaragua. In Spa.
This is an introductory textbook to the study of demography. Chapters are included on the discipline itself, data sources and collection methods, units of measurement, spatial distribution, population characteristics including age and sex structure, mortality indexes, fertility, migration, and population estimation and projection. Data used in the examples are from Nicaragua.
Correspondence: Centro para la Promocion, Investigacion y el Desarrollo Rural y Social, Managua, Nicaragua. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Antonio. Demographic analysis. [Analisi demografica.]
Orientamenti del Sapere Contemporaneo, No. 7 and 8, ISBN 88-221-1134-6.
1992. ix, 422; 176 pp. La Nuova Italia: Florence, Italy. In Ita.
The theoretical bases and methodologies of demographic analysis are presented in this textbook. The first part of the first volume includes sections on cohort and period analysis. The second part looks at progress toward negative events (such as mortality), the progress of a series of succeeding events, and the development of a series of linked events. The second volume contains exercises that illustrate these concepts. The geographical focus is on Italy.
Correspondence: La Nuova Italia, Via Codignola, 50018 Casellina di Scandicci, Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).