Volume 58 - Number 4 - Winter 1992

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

58:40697 Asselin, Suzanne; Dallaire, Louise; Duchesne, Louis; Jean, Sylvie; Laroche, Denis; Nobert, Yves. Social statistics: a social portrait of Quebec. [Statistiques sociales: portrait social du Quebec.] Les Publications du Quebec, ISBN 2-551-15232-1. 1992. 353 pp. Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec: Quebec, Canada. In Fre.
This work provides a general portrait of eight primary human activities that affect living conditions in the province of Quebec. The activities are demographic trends, health, education, employment, the acquisition of goods and services, use of time, personal security, and standard of living. The section on demographic trends (pp. 25-49) includes information on total population size, natural increase, age structure, geographical distribution, mortality, fertility, nuptiality, migration, and families and households.
Correspondence: Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec, 117 rue Saint-Andre, Quebec, Quebec G1K 3Y3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40698 Burch, Thomas K. Sex-role homogeneity, female status and demographic change. Population Bulletin of ESCWA, No. 34, Jun 1989. 37-44 pp. Amman, Jordan. In Eng.
"This study attempts to investigate the nature of the relationships governing child-bearing models and family formation by measuring the status and role of women in society....[The author] proposes that inductive analysis should be adopted using the difference in life-expectancy among males and females at birth as a measurement of women's status to define the distinction between the roles of the two sexes. This is carried out by analysing the interrelationships between the variables of development, religion, area, fertility and women's relative status in a group of 120 countries. The study concludes that the analysis of the downward slope at the international level may explain the effect of the roles of the two sexes and women's status on demographic change on the one hand, and the effect of cultural factors such as region and religion on women's role and status on the other."
Correspondence: T. K. Burch, University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Center, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40699 Gui, Shixun. A new elderly support system in rural areas in Shanghai. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1990. 287-93 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In early 1987, we started an experiment in the rural areas in Shanghai suburbs on how to replace the elderly support system then in effect, which was funded by the community, with one that was to be jointly supported by the State, the community and private individuals. The two-year experiment has yielded a new elderly support system applicable to China's rural areas that have a more developed economy and a fairly large number of collectively owned township enterprises....This article gives a brief introduction to the economic and social background and characteristics of the system."
Correspondence: S. Gui, East China Normal University, Institute of Population Studies, Shanghai 200062, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40700 Hinrichs, Karl. Public pensions and demographic change. Society, Vol. 28, No. 6; 194, Sep-Oct 1991. 32-7 pp. New Brunswick, New Jersey. In Eng.
The author describes the history of the public pension system in Germany over the past 100 years, noting that it has exhibited remarkable continuity despite the radical political and financial upheavals that have occurred. He focuses on the implications of current population trends, specifically demographic aging, for the future of the pension system. Reasons for the apparent lack of concern about the need to change the present system are considered, and the consequences of not making such changes are assessed.
Correspondence: K. Hinrichs, University of Bremen, Center for Social Policy Research, D-2800 Bremen 33, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:40701 Katz, Stephen. Alarmist demography: power, knowledge, and the elderly population. Journal of Aging Studies, Vol. 6, No. 3, Fall 1992. 203-25 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut. In Eng.
"Demographic reports in the media and social policy and professional literature often depict the elderly as a rapidly growing population of needy, relatively affluent individuals whose collective dependence is straining the economies of Western welfare states and creating excessive tax burdens for younger generations. Labelling this literature alarmist demography, this article reviews the counterarguments proposed by critical gerontologists and political economists who attack the methodological biases and demographic determinism evident in the alarmist vogue."
Correspondence: S. Katz, Trent University, Department of Sociology, Peterborough, Ontario K97 7B8, Canada. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

58:40702 Morocco. Direction de la Statistique. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques [CERED] (Rabat, Morocco). Women and development in Morocco. [Femme et developpement au Maroc.] Etudes Demographiques, [1992]. 250 pp. Rabat, Morocco. In Fre.
This volume examines aspects of women's roles in Morocco, with a focus on women's economic participation. A chapter is included on the demographic characteristics of the female population, including age at marriage, migration, public health, and contraception. Future projections are included.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, B.P. 178, Avenue Maa El Ainine, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40703 Obermeyer, Carla M. Islam, women, and politics: the demography of Arab countries. Population and Development Review, Vol. 18, No. 1, Mar 1992. 33-60, 205-7 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This article examines three propositions that underlie many interpretations of the demography of Arab countries: that Arab countries do poorly in terms of demographic indicators, that this is due to Islam, and that the impact of Islam operates through the way in which it defines a low status for women. After reviewing the available data on fertility and health, the article critically examines the claim that the high natality of Arab countries derives directly from religious doctrine, or indirectly through Islam's effect on the status of women. It argues that simplistic hypotheses linking Islam and the status of women cannot provide a satisfactory explanation for observed demographic patterns, and that a better understanding of demographic change must include attention to the political context of fertility and health behavior."
Correspondence: C. M. Obermeyer, Harvard University, Department of Population and International Health, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40704 United Nations. Centre pour le Developpement Social et les Affaires Humanitaires (Vienna, Austria); Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED] (Paris, France); United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York); Universite du Benin. Unite de Recherche Demographique [URD] (Lome, Togo). Women's status and population: the situation in Francophone Africa. [Condition de la femme et population: le cas de l'Afrique Francophone.] ISBN 2-87762-045-X. 1992. [viii], 116 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
"This book deals with relationships between women's status and population dynamics (fertility, migration, health and employment) and presents a synthesis of the debates held during a workshop in Lome....Its conclusions were based on the latest data concerning the relationships between women's condition and population trends and resulted in practical recommendations to better integrate women in development processes." The geographical focus is on Sub-Saharan Africa.
Correspondence: Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40705 Zhu, Chuzhu; Xiao, Guang. An analysis of the life cycle of Chinese women. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1991. 247-57 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors analyze the life cycle of women in China. Data are from surveys conducted in 1986 and 1987 and concern women's educational status, economic participation, marital status, physiological changes, reproductive behavior, and years lived as widows. The implications of changing life cycles for social and population policy development are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

58:40706 Decroly, Jean-Michel. The spatial structure of demographic behavior in Eastern Europe. [Les structures spatiales des comportements demographiques en Europe de l'Est.] Revue Belge de Geographie, Vol. 115, No. 49, 1991. 63-75 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre.
The author uses data from the recently published "Atlas de la population europeenne" to identify the unique demographic features of the countries of Eastern Europe. Specifically, he examines the extent to which political factors have affected demographic indicators such as fertility, mortality, migration, and spatial distribution in this region.
For the atlas by Decroly and Jean Vanlaer, published in 1991, see 58:30027.
Correspondence: J.-M. Decroly, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Laboratoire de Geographie Humaine, 50 Avenue Franklin Roosevelt, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: New York Public Library.

58:40707 Eckhardt, William. War-related deaths since 3000 B.C. Bulletin of Peace Proposals, Vol. 22, No. 4, Dec 1991. 437-43 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author first establishes a list of 589 wars and related deaths for the period 1500-1990. He then uses published sources to extend these estimates of deaths due to wars, including war-related famine and disease, to cover the period from 3000 B.C. to the present.
Correspondence: W. Eckhardt, Lentz Peace Research Laboratory, St. Louis, MO. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:40708 Freedman, Lawrence; Saunders, John. Population change and European security. ISBN 0-08-040349-2. LC 91-39785. 1991. xii, 295 pp. Brassey's: McLean, Virginia/London, England. In Eng.
The papers in this book were originally presented at a conference on demographic change and Western security held in 1988; they have been revised to take into account recent political developments affecting Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. The common theme of the 12 papers included here is the relevance of population size and characteristics to national security. The primary geographical focus is on Europe. Chapters are included on past and future population dynamics in Europe, population and the labor force in Western Europe, the future population of the Soviet Union, and the viability of the Soviet Union's economy. Other chapters examine future military human resources in the East and West, historical aspects of demography and war, the linkage between demographic trends and strategic calculations, the relation between military personnel and success in conventional war, and the consequences of demographic trends in other regions for Western security.
Correspondence: Brassey's, 50 Fetter Lane, London EC4A 1AA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:40709 Ladd, Helen F. Population growth, density and the costs of providing public services. Urban Studies, Vol. 29, No. 2, Apr 1992. 273-95 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"Based on a regression model that controls for other determinants of per capita spending, this study provides careful estimates of the nonlinear impacts of population growth and population density on three types of local government spending: current account spending, capital outlays and spending on public safety. The study balances the engineering and planning view that greater population density lowers the costs of providing public services by documenting a U-shaped relationship between spending and density; except in sparsely populated areas, higher density typically increases public sector spending. In addition, the results suggests that rapid population growth imposes fiscal burdens on established residents in the form of lower service levels." The data are for 247 large counties in the United States in 1985.
Correspondence: H. F. Ladd, Duke University, Institute of Policy Sciences and Public Affairs, Durham, NC 27706. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

58:40710 Pavlik, Zdenek. Political change and demographic transition in Eastern Europe. [Changements politiques et transition demographique en Europe de l'Est.] Revue Belge de Geographie, Vol. 115, No. 49, 1991. 77-85 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre.
The author examines the extent to which the demographic transition in Eastern Europe has been affected by political factors.
Correspondence: Z. Pavlik, Univerzita Karlova, Ovocny trh 5, 116 38 Prague 1, Czechoslovakia. Location: New York Public Library.

58:40711 Pelser, A. J.; Botes, L. J. S.; van der Berg, L. Politics as an environmental factor in population development: reviewing the South African situation. Development Southern Africa, Vol. 9, No. 1, Feb 1992. 65-73 pp. Halfway House, South Africa. In Eng.
The political factors that affect the development of a successful population policy in South Africa are examined. "It is concluded that despite the important role of socioeconomic development, the success of the population development programme ultimately depends upon (a) the actual distribution of political power to all communities; (b) the degree of legitimacy enjoyed by the government among the broader population; and (c) a general political consensus regarding the urgency for curbing the population growth rate."
Correspondence: A. J. Pelser, University of the Orange Free State, Department of Sociology, POB 339, Bloemfontein, Orange Free State, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:40712 Rasevic, Miroslav. Results of an investigation of twentieth-century war losses in Yugoslavia. [Rezultati demografskih istrazivanja ratnih gubitaka stanovnistva Jugoslavije u XX veku.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 28-29, No. 3-4/1-2, Jul-Dec/Jan-Jun 1990-1991. 199-207 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews published information on war mortality in Yugoslavia during the twentieth century. A critique of the methodology used in the studies and suggestions for further research are included.
Correspondence: M. Rasevic, Ekonomski Institut, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

58:40713 Barbieri, Magali; Cantrelle, Pierre. Health policy and population. [Politique de sante et population.] Politique Africaine, No. 44, Dec 1991. 51-65 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors describe current theories about the formation of health policies in the third world and examine the record of African governments in the development of such policies.
Correspondence: M. Barbieri, Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:40714 Belsey, Mark A. Priority issues in maternal and child health for the 1990s. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 2,173-8 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The author uses recent data from the Demographic and Health Surveys program to assess maternal and child health priorities that need to be addressed in developing countries in the 1990s. He emphasizes family planning, child survival and development, and maternal health.
Correspondence: M. A. Belsey, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40715 Bennett, Trude. Marital status and infant health outcomes. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 9, Nov 1992. 1,179-87 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Out-of-wedlock status has long been recognized as a demographic risk factor associated with infant mortality and low birthweight. However, the relationship between marital status and birth outcomes varies by maternal race and age....The first section of this paper explores the limitations imposed by the dominant conceptual framework for nonmarital fertility. The sections that follow summarize earlier research findings from the public health literature and present original analyses of data from the State of North Carolina for the years 1968-85. The paper concludes with some alternative interpretations of the cumulative findings with implications for maternal and child health policy."
Correspondence: T. Bennett, University of California, Department of Family and Community Medicine, San Francisco, CA 94143. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:40716 Catania, Joseph A.; Coates, Thomas J.; Stall, Ron; Turner, Heather; Peterson, John; Hearst, Norman; Dolcini, M. Margaret; Hudes, Estie; Gagnon, John; Wiley, James; Groves, Robert. Prevalence of AIDS-related risk factors and condom use in the United States. Science, Vol. 258, No. 5085, Nov 13, 1992. 1,101-6 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"A national probability survey of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related risk factors among the general heterosexual [U.S.] population, the National AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) Behavioral Surveys, has obtained data from 10,630 respondents. Data are presented on the prevalence of HIV-related risks in the general heterosexual population, on the distribution of the three largest risk groups across social strata, and on the prevalence and distribution of condom use among heterosexuals reporting a risk factor. Between 15 and 31 percent of heterosexuals nationally and 20 and 41 percent in cities with a high prevalence of AIDS reported an HIV risk factor. Condom use was relatively low....Overall, the results suggest that current HIV prevention programs have, to a very limited extent, reached those heterosexuals with multiple sexual partners but have failed to reach many other groups of the heterosexual population at risk of HIV."
Correspondence: J. A. Catania, University of California, Department of Medicine, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, San Francisco, CA 94143. Location: Princeton University Library (SQ).

58:40717 Egypt. Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics [CAPMAS] (Cairo, Egypt). The Egyptian Maternal and Child Health Survey. Preliminary report--1991. Dirasat Sukkaniyah/Population Studies, Vol. 14, No. 75, Jul-Sep 1992. 55-78 pp. Cairo, Egypt. In Eng. with sum. in Ara.
Preliminary data from the 1991 Egyptian Maternal and Child Health Survey are presented and analyzed. Separate sections consider residence characteristics, including housing, drinking water, and toilet facilities; and population characteristics, including age and sex distribution and educational status. Other sections cover maternal and child health indicators, including health care during pregnancy, contraceptive prevalence, child health and survival, infant mortality, and nutritional status and immunization.
Correspondence: Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, Salah Salem Road, POB 2086, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40718 Filippi, Veronique G. A.; Graham, Wendy J.; Campbell, Oona M. R. Maternity care data in the Demographic and Health Surveys: what can be achieved? In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 1,719-40 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper utilizes data from six recent surveys, carried out in Africa as part of the first phase of the Demographic and Health Survey programme [to]...review...the factors influencing utilization of maternity care by women in developing countries....Descriptions of the style and content of the questionnaires used in the six surveys [are first described]. The practical steps involved in basic analyses of variables relevant to maternity care are then presented. Finally, the value of community-based information on maternity care is discussed, together with potential refinements to the existing range of variables collected and the scope for expansion in future surveys."
Correspondence: V. G. A. Filippi, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40719 Geronimus, Arline T.; Neidert, Lisa J.; Bound, John. Age patterns of smoking among U.S. black and white women. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 91-232, Dec 1991. 15, [7] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"In this study, we seek to [compare] patterns of smoking behavior by black or white [U.S.] women, ages 18-44, employing statistical techniques (proportional hazard models) that enable us to control for possible cohort effects. These techniques also enable us to address the problem of 'right censorship' that is implied by including young women in our sample (women who have yet to complete their age patterns of smoking behavior), while at the same time trying to draw inferences about longer-term smoking patterns." Data are from the 1987 National Health Interview Survey Cancer Supplement.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40720 Kannisto, Vaino. Frailty and survival. Genus, Vol. 47, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1991. 101-18 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
Using data for selected developed countries, the factors affecting an individual's susceptibility to morbidity and mortality are analyzed. "On the basis of empirical data the author concludes that frailty is not unchangeable throughout a person's lifetime but subject to period effects,...which tend to overwhelm the genetic element....Current external conditions...exert a pervasive influence on the frailty of an individual and the mortality of the population making them responsive to health-related policies and personal choice."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40721 Kaseje, Dan C. O. Malaria in Kenya: prevention, control, and impact on mortality. In: Mortality and society in Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by Etienne van de Walle, Gilles Pison, and Mpembele Sala-Diakanda. 1992. 204-29 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In this chapter an attempt is made to define various malaria situations, discuss control strategies appropriate for each situation, and summarize results of a study in Saradidi, Kenya, where some of these control strategies have been tried." Special attention is paid to the difficulties encountered in assessing levels of mortality due to malaria in less-developed regions.
Correspondence: D. C. O. Kaseje, Aga Khan Health Service, Kisumu PHC, P.O. Box 530, Kisumu, Kenya. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40722 Kheir, El-Haj H. M.; Kumar, Sushil; Cross, Anne R. Female circumcision: attitudes and practices in Sudan. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 1,697-717 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
Female circumcision in the Sudan, including "the types of circumcision, circumcision operation and celebration ceremonies associated with it are described. Health problems that commonly result from circumcision are also mentioned. Part II describes the data sources employed in the analysis in the paper. Part III is concerned with the practice of female circumcision (including type of circumcision and circumcision provider); Parts IV and V present the findings on women's and men's attitudes toward circumcision....In general, results of the 1989-90 Sudan DHS are presented in some detail. Changes are also examined in the practice of and attitudes toward circumcision since the 1978-79 Sudan Fertility Survey and a 1981 survey both women and men."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40723 Pollard, John H.; Golini, Antonio; Milella, Gabriella. On the use of health surveys for estimating transition rates for morbidity processes. Genus, Vol. 47, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1991. 63-77 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
"In this paper, we describe a potential source of useful data for estimating disease onset, recovery and death rates, and derive the necessary equations for estimating the rates. The limitations of the method, both theoretical and practical, are described, and numerical results are reported in the cases of two Italian health surveys of the 1980s....Our goal in this paper is to study quality of life, and to attempt to provide measures which may allow health policy decisions affecting quality of life. For this purpose, estimates of morbidity provided by general population health surveys would seem to be appropriate."
Correspondence: J. H. Pollard, Macquarie University, School of Economic and Financial Studies, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40724 Potter, J. E. Rapid population growth, the quality of health, and the quality of health care in developing countries. In: Consequences of rapid population growth in developing countries. 1991. 219-41 pp. Taylor and Francis: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
"The objective of this paper is to evaluate some of the principal linkages between rapid population growth, the quality of health (as measured by mortality), and the quality of health care. The review begins with an examination of the increasingly close cross-country association between the level of fertility and the level of mortality, together with a discussion of the various 'common causes' of these two phenomena. The second part of the paper assesses the evidence for causal connections between health and reproduction at the level of individual behaviour and outcomes. The third and final part touches briefly on the macro-level or sectoral linkages between health and population."
Correspondence: J. E. Potter, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-1088. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40725 Stewart, Kate; Sommerfelt, A. Elisabeth. Utilization of maternity care services: a comparative study using DHS data. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 1,645-67 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper focuses on...some of the characteristics of women who appear to be at higher risk of nonuse of maternity services....Data from the individual interviews conducted for Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) I are the basis for this comparative study, with concentration on surveys from three countries: Bolivia, Egypt, and Kenya. Our main focus is on [the]...findings relating to use of prenatal and delivery care, and tetanus toxoid immunization previously reported separately in individual country reports."
Correspondence: K. Stewart, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40726 Vitzthum, Virginia J. The impact of economic change on infant feeding practices: a case study in the Peruvian Andes. [El efecto del cambio economico en las practicas de alimentacion infantil: estudio de un caso en los Andes Peruanos.] Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 90-198, Dec 1990. 23, [5] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Spa.
The effect of economic status on infant feeding practices and nutrition is examined, using data from a case study conducted in 1985 among rural women in the Peruvian Andes. Consideration is given to breast-feeding practices and duration, bottle feeding, types of supplementary foods used, and weaning.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

58:40727 Latev, Nedelcho. The genetic makeup of the population. [Genetichni osnovi na naselenieto.] Naselenie, No. 4, 1992. 5-11 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
This is an overview of genetic problems stemming from high consanguinity levels and their relationship to extensive internal migration in Bulgaria. Some research proposals are included.
Correspondence: N. Latev, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Demography, ul. Moskovska 5, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40728 Pison, Gilles. Twins in Sub-Saharan Africa: frequency, social status, and mortality. In: Mortality and society in Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by Etienne van de Walle, Gilles Pison, and Mpembele Sala-Diakanda. 1992. 253-78 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The first part of this study considers the frequency of twin deliveries and its geographical variation in sub-Saharan Africa. The status of twins is examined in the second part. Finally, we study their mortality, comparing it with that of single births." Consideration is given to the effect of cultural variations in the social status of twins on their survival rate.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.