Volume 58 - Number 3 - Fall 1992

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

58:30691 Baldwin, C. Stephen. International cooperation in the area of population. Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 31-32, 1991. 89-103 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In order to assess the experience of the developing countries with international cooperation in population activities, the Sixth United Nations Population Inquiry among Governments, a survey carried out by the United Nations in 1988 on national population policies, contained a series of questions on the matter. Responses received from 79 developing countries are analysed and compared to a similar, but more limited, survey carried out in 1983. It was found that a large majority of the countries in all developing regions report that technical cooperation makes a substantial and useful contribution to progress in the field of population and that the needs for international cooperation will continue for at least another decade."
Correspondence: C. S. Baldwin, U.N. Department of Technical Cooperation for Development, Development Administration Division, Population Branch, United Nations Secretariat, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30692 Bhattacharyya, Amit K. The integration of population factors into the development planning process: a review of methods and approaches. In: Fertility transitions, family structure, and population policy, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1992. 231-45 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The purpose of the paper will be to identify some of the areas of convergence between population planning and development planning and to highlight the practical as well as conceptual difficulties in advancing the goals of integration. The first part reviews the post World War II experience of planning. The second part reviews methodologies for integration including the role of demographic-economic models. The third part deals with partial projection techniques. The final section highlights the important role of partial projection techniques in the field of integration." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: A. K. Bhattacharyya, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30693 Bouvier, Leon F. From demographic models to public policy. In: Fertility transitions, family structure, and population policy, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1992. 247-56 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In this paper, I argue that demographic models, in particular the stable model, are relevant to the 'real world,' and that demographic information derived from these models is necessary for societal policy-making. I will conclude that demographers should be involved in assisting policy-makers insofar as their particular demographic expertise is appropriate to the policy in question. To arrive at this conclusion, three stages will be followed: demographic, sociological, political." The geographical emphasis is on the United States.
Correspondence: L. F. Bouvier, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30694 Ekanem, Ita I. The nature and tasks of population and development planning. In: Fertility transitions, family structure, and population policy, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1992. 257-83 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author reviews the history of the development planning process in developing countries. "The discussion in this chapter has stressed the fact that the criteria for measuring development has changed considerably from indices of the level of living during the 1960s through the need to provide basic needs of the population in the 1970s to the need for endogenizing population factors in the development planning process at the dawn of the 1980s." Some problems with the integration of population issues into development policies are examined.
Correspondence: I. I. Ekanem, U.N. Economic Commission for Africa, Population Division, Planning and Policies Section, P.O. Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30695 Fargues, Philippe. Demography and politics in the Arab world. [Demographie et politique dans le monde arabe.] Population, Vol. 47, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1992. 305-26 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The relationship between a population's characteristics and the policies of its country is discussed, using data from Arab countries to illustrate. Factors considered include how the size of a population or ethnic group enables it to influence policy, the impact of policy on reproductive behavior, and the effect of changes in age structure on Islam.
Correspondence: P. Fargues, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30696 Kingson, Eric R. The greying of the baby boom in the United States: framing the policy debate. International Social Security Review, Vol. 44, No. 1-2, 1991. 5-26 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"Issues surrounding the retirement of the large post-World War II 'baby boom' generation in the United States are often framed either in terms of impending intergenerational crisis or as an event to which the United States can gradually adjust. This paper examines these two perspectives as they compete to define U.S. social security policy. It suggests that the intergenerational crisis perspective functions primarily as an ideological argument and strategy for de-structuring social welfare policy. In contrast, the gradual adjustment perspective provides a stronger basis for planning social security and other policy responses to the ageing of the baby boom. However, it is not informed by a clear social vision and has not, as yet, responded sufficiently to the potential divisiveness which may accompany changing demography. Also, to date, relatively little attention has been paid to the diverse social and economic circumstances of baby boomers and the implications of this diversity for retirement planning."
Correspondence: E. R. Kingson, Boston College, Graduate School of Social Work, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

58:30697 Miltenyi, Karoly. Population policy and recent sociodemographic changes in Hungary. [Nepesedespolitika es a legujabb valtozasok Magyarorszagon.] Demografia, Vol. 35, No. 1, 1992. 124-30 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
Changes in population dynamics and policy in Hungary since 1876 are reviewed. Consideration is given to the effects on population policy of increased mortality caused by the two world wars. The policy effects of recent economic changes, including those concerning privatization, taxation, unemployment, and pension systems, are also assessed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30698 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). Integrating development and population planning in India. No. ST/ESA/SER.R/114, 1992. x, 75 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one in a series of four case studies commissioned by the U.N. Population Division on the integration of population and development planning in developing countries. This study concerns India and includes sections on population and development trends; issues and objectives; strategies, knowledge, and methodologies for planning; institutional arrangements for integrated planning; and the process and status of such integration.
For a related study concerning Turkey, published in 1991, see 58:10690.
Correspondence: U.N. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

58:30699 Boland, Reed. Selected legal developments in reproductive health in 1991. Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 24, No. 4, Jul-Aug 1992. 178-85 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This special report seeks to outline briefly the legal status of reproductive health issues in countries other than the United States (both developed and developing) during the year 1991." The legal developments examined concern abortion, family planning, and assisted reproduction.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30700 Calot, Gerard; Chesnais, Jean-Claude. Demographic trends in Luxembourg: the system of compulsory deductions in Luxembourg. [L'evolution demographique au Luxembourg: le systeme des prelevements obligatoires au Luxembourg.] Cahiers Economiques: Serie D, No. 82, 1992. vi, 163; iii, 273 pp. Service Central de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [STATEC]: Luxembourg. In Fre.
Current demographic trends in Luxembourg are analyzed, with a focus on the changes needed in family policy and child support in order to encourage a rise in fertility. The first volume presents the results of the analysis, with chapters on past and present demographic trends, changes in marriage patterns and the crisis in the family, the transition from immigration to migration dependence, and the decline in fertility. It then examines the current system of taxation and social security and how the system might be changed in order to increase family welfare and encourage fertility. The second volume contains the statistical data showing how the system of compulsory deductions for family support worked in 1989.
Correspondence: Service Central de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, Boite Postale 304, 19-21 Boulevard Royal, 2013 Luxembourg. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30701 Fuszara, Malgorzata. Legal regulation of abortion in Poland. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Vol. 17, No. 1, Autumn 1991. 117-28 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The author reviews the debate over abortion's legality in Poland, beginning with the current law, in force since 1956. That law leaves the final decision to abort to the physician. "My report will look at Polish public opinion in the contexts of physicians' responsibility, religious belief, and the actual incidence of abortion, both legal and illegal; it will also summarize parliamentary debate on the subject and social movements that have taken shape in response to the abortion controversy." The effects of the fall of the Communist government, the strong influence of the Catholic church, and the renewed women's rights movement are considered.
Correspondence: M. Fuszara, University of Warsaw, Institute of Applied Social Sciences, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26-28, 00-325 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30702 Kamaras, Ferenc. The impact of population policy measures on fertility patterns. [A termekenyseg alakulasa a nepesedespolitikai intezkedesek tukreben.] Demografia, Vol. 34, No. 3-4, 1991. 359-82 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
The effect of government population policies on fertility trends is assessed using data for Hungary for the period 1900-1988. Consideration is given to changes in abortion law, economic fluctuations, and the introduction of child-care allowances.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30703 Li, Nan; Zhu, Chuzhu. Rural population growth and living conditions. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1991. 131-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors discuss China's problems with reconciling population growth and quality of life, defined here as the availability of natural resources and economic opportunities in rural areas. They assess a program conducted in Shaanxi province wherein couples who wanted to have a second child were required to first meet civic and economic criteria.
Correspondence: N. Li, Xi'an School of Communications, Population Research Institute, 26 Xianning Road, Xian, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30704 O'Haire, Hugh. Mongolia at the crossroads. Populi, Vol. 18, No. 4, Dec 1991. 14-27 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Family planning policies in Mongolia are reviewed, with an emphasis on problems the country faces now that it has switched from Communism to a market-economy system. The concurrent economic decline and its effects on contraceptive availability are discussed, as are new government policies aimed at improving maternal and child health through birth spacing.
Correspondence: H. O'Haire, United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30705 Szabo, Laszlo. Recommendations to modify the system of personal income taxes to favor families with children. [Javaslatok a szemelyi jovedelemado rendszer modositasara a gyermeket nevelo csaladok erdekeben.] Demografia, Vol. 35, No. 1, 1992. 44-72 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
The author makes recommendations for the provision of financial incentives to families with children in Hungary through the personal income tax system. "The recommendations here formulated took into consideration the effect on the state budget and on the family budgets of over 80 variations of modifications such as a tax benefit which would increase progressively with the age of the children (instead of tax reductions) and the introduction of family income taxes instead of personal income taxes."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30706 Usborne, Cornelie. The politics of the body in Weimar Germany: women's reproductive rights and duties. Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany, ISBN 0-472-10368-7. LC 91-40106. 1992. xx, 304 pp. University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author discusses the enactment of a pronatalist policy by the German Weimar government in response to a pre-World War I fertility decline. "This marked the beginning of state intervention in...the regulation of sexuality and reproduction, which was to have a crucial effect on the role and status of women in German society....[Policy] emphasis switched from population quantity to quality with a view to selective fertility control, which in its turn meant official interference in family life....This study...gives a brief overview of imperial policy and examines in detail Weimar policies, which introduced important welfare legislation and legal reforms concerning sexuality and fertility control....This allows an examination of continuity and change between Wilhelmine and Weimar governments, and, to a lesser extent, by brief references to post-1933 policies, between Weimar and National Socialist regimes."
Correspondence: University of Michigan Press, 639 Greene Street, P.O. Box 1104, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30707 Vortmann, Heinz. The effects of population policy on fertility trends in the smaller European Warsaw Pact countries. [Wirkungen der Bevolkerungspolitik auf die Geburtenentwicklung in den kleineren europaischen RGW-Landern.] In: Bevolkerungswissenschaft heute--Kolloquium anlasslich des 10jahrigen Jubilaums des Instituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung und Sozialpolitik, edited by Herwig Birg and Franz-Xaver Kaufmann. IBS-Materialien, No. 33, 1992. 33-65 pp. Universitat Bielefeld, Institut fur Bevolkerungsforschung und Sozialpolitik [IBS]: Bielefeld, Germany. In Ger.
The impact of population policies on fertility trends in Eastern European countries between 1960 and the mid-1980s is analyzed. Countries covered include East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, and Romania. The data are from a study carried out by the German Institute for Economic Research, Berlin.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30708 Ye, Wenzhen. China's "later" marriage policy and its demographic consequences. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1992. 51-71 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Using data from China's One-Per-Thousand Fertility Survey conducted in 1982, a cohort analysis is carried out to estimate the demographic consequences of the 'later' marriage policy implemented in the People's Republic of China. The findings show that the 'later' marriage policy had a strong positive effect on mean age at first marriage and first birth but a negative impact on the length of the first-birth interval, suggesting that the depressing effects on fertility of the administratively enforced postponement of marriage are more or less offset by adjustments over the first-birth interval by Chinese couples."
Correspondence: W. Ye, Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30709 Zou, Ping. Population legislation: a preliminary study. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 3, No. 2, 1991. 115-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The legislative process regarding population and birth control in China is described. The author calls for "a scientific approach to population legislation in China based on relevant Marxist principles and the realities of China."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

58:30710 Abella, Manolo I. Contemporary labour migration from Asia: policies and perspectives of sending countries. In: International migration systems: a global approach, edited by Mary M. Kritz, Lin Lean Lim, and Hania Zlotnik. 1992. 263-78 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author reviews contemporary labor migration trends and the policies regulating them in Asia. "While the power to regulate migration rests primarily in the hands of labour-importing rather than labour-exporting countries, the experience in Asia over the past two decades suggests that sending countries do have policy options that can make a difference in shaping migration patterns and outcomes. This chapter discusses these options and the distinct features of the Asian labour migration system, emphasizing the important role of commercialism as its driving force."
Correspondence: M. I. Abella, International Labour Organization, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, G.P.O. Box 1759, 10th Floor, U.N. Building, Sala Santitham, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30711 Callovi, Giuseppe. Regulation of immigration in 1993: pieces of the European Community jig-saw puzzle. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, Summer 1992. 353-72 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This contribution will try, on one hand, to take stock of the past [European Community] policy on migration and on the other hand to provide the basic elements which are shaping a future potentially common (or partly common) policy, carried out either through intergovernmental cooperation or community legislation or both." Pertinent treaties and legislation are also described.
Correspondence: G. Callovi, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30712 de Boer, Gerard C. Trends in refugee policy and cooperation in the European Community. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, Summer 1992. 668-75 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The author outlines policies of the European Community concerning migration and political asylum. Special consideration is given to the definition of refugees within such policies.
Correspondence: G. C. de Boer, Netherlands Ministry of Justice, The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30713 de Guibert-Lantoine, Catherine. Permanence and diversification of immigration in Canada. [Permanence et diversification de l'immigration au Canada.] Population, Vol. 47, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1992. 47-83 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Canadian immigration policy aimed at improving the country's economic situation and countering below-replacement fertility levels is reviewed, beginning with the late 1800s. The impact of recent policy on ethnic diversity is discussed, with a focus on the provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Correspondence: C. de Guibert-Lantoine, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30714 Desbarats, Jacqueline. Institutional and policy interactions among countries and refugee flows. In: International migration systems: a global approach, edited by Mary M. Kritz, Lin Lean Lim, and Hania Zlotnik. 1992. 279-99 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This chapter attempts to conceptualize the ways in which policy and institutional interactions among independent states influence the level and direction of refugee flows. A key premise is that dynamic linkages between the entry and exit policies of the world's nations constitute a crucial determinant of those flows....From that perspective, this chapter examines the unilateral decisions of source, asylum, and resettlement countries that affect refugee flows. It then proceeds to examine the interactive dimension by considering the consequences of both interlocking unilateral actions and deliberate efforts at policy co-ordination by several nations."
Correspondence: J. Desbarats, Australian National University, Department of Demography, GPO 4, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30715 Espenshade, Thomas J. Policy influences on undocumented migration to the United States. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 136, No. 2, Jun 1992. 188-207 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
The author reviews the effectiveness of the 1986 U.S. Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA). "We begin by reviewing earlier attempts to control illegal immigration to the United States. Next, IRCA's key provisions are outlined. Following that, we discuss factors that are likely to condition IRCA's ultimate success. And, finally, we summarize the accumulated empirical evidence on whether the trajectory of undocumented migration to the United States has been altered in any fundamental way in the past five years."
Correspondence: T. J. Espenshade, Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30716 Friedgut, Theodore H. Determinants of Soviet emigration policies. Coexistence, Vol. 28, No. 2, Jun 1991. 319-33 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The object of this paper is the presentation and analysis of the political values that are expressed in Soviet emigration policy. Underlying this is an attempt to discern points of change in these values, in particular through the post-World War II history of the USSR. Our concluding point will be the new law on entry and exit from the USSR, pending before the Supreme Soviet [in 1991] with its passage promised in the nearest future." The study covers the period from the 1920s to the present.
Correspondence: T. H. Friedgut, Hebrew University, Department of Russian and Slavic Studies, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30717 Guimezanes, Nicole. Immigration policies in Europe. [Les politiques d'immigration en Europe.] Problemes Politiques et Sociaux, No. 673, Feb 7, 1992. 68 pp. Documentation Francaise: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent policy changes affecting immigration among the member countries of the European Community are reviewed. The author notes that, despite a general adoption of policies designed to halt immigration in the 1970s, European countries continue to enact legislation to reduce illegal migration, to facilitate the integration of legal immigrants, and to affect those seeking entry as refugees. She also examines the extent to which the Dublin and Schengen conventions, signed in 1990, represent a step toward a Community policy concerning immigration.
Correspondence: Documentation Francaise, 29 quai Voltaire, 75007 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30718 Hammar, Tomas. Laws and policies regulating population movements: a European perspective. In: International migration systems: a global approach, edited by Mary M. Kritz, Lin Lean Lim, and Hania Zlotnik. 1992. 245-62 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author reviews past migration policy (and non-policy) in the countries that now make up the European Community. "In Europe, the characteristics of today's debate regarding migration policies can only be understood in light of past history and the attempt by most European states to control non-EC migration strictly can only be assessed in light of the integration problems they face, problems that stem mostly from past political choices."
Correspondence: T. Hammar, Stockholm University, Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnicity, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30719 Kussbach, Erich. European challenge: east-west migration. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, Summer 1992. 646-67 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The consequences and policy implications of recent trends in migration in Europe are discussed. The focus is on problems receiving countries experience in accepting large minority populations. Recent legislation concerning immigration quotas and refugee status is described.
Correspondence: E. Kussbach, Federal Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30720 Langfield, Michele. "White aliens": the control of European immigration to Australia 1920-30. Journal of Intercultural Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1991. 1-14 pp. Victoria, Australia. In Eng.
The author reviews Australian and British policies restricting non-British immigration to Australia after World War I. "The intense desire in many quarters to maintain a 'white Australia' led not only to the active encouragement of British immigrants but to the restrictions and regulations upon European immigration in the period under review. These restrictions took two forms. Statutory powers of exclusion and restriction were conferred through...legislation....At the same time...administrative techniques were used to limit further and control 'white alien' immigration. These techniques, such as quotas and the discretionary power of the Minister to limit visas and landing permits, changing in response to economic conditions and public opinion, were perhaps more important in the government's policy of ensuring Australia's racial purity."
Correspondence: M. Langfield, Victoria College, Department of Language and Culture Studies, Toorak Campus, 336 Glenferrie Road, Malvern, Victoria 3144, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30721 Manfrass, Klaus. Europe: south-north or east-west migration? International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, Summer 1992. 388-400 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
Determinants of recent changes in the traditional migratory patterns within Europe are outlined. The impact of these new flows on the formulation of a common migration policy for the European Community is discussed.
Correspondence: K. Manfrass, Institut Historique Akewand, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30722 Niessen, Jan. European Community legislation and intergovernmental cooperation on migration. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, Summer 1992. 676-84 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
Recent trends in migration policy in the European Community are outlined. The focus is on the need to increase cooperation between the member states and to increase the power of the Community's Court of Justice in decision-making about migration and refugee policy.
Correspondence: J. Niessen, Churches' Committee for Migrants in Europe, Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30723 Reimers, David H. History of recent immigration regulation. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 136, No. 2, Jun 1992. 176-87 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
The author reviews recent immigration regulation in the United States, with a focus on the impact of various policy measures on migration flows since 1940.
Correspondence: D. H. Reimers, New York University, Department of History, Washington Square, New York, NY 10003. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30724 Teitelbaum, Michael S. Advocacy, ambivalence, ambiguity: immigration policies and prospects in the United States. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 136, No. 2, Jun 1992. 208-25 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"The focus of this paper is upon current problems and legislative proposals aimed at regulating legal immigration to the United States." Prospects for future migration trends are examined.
Correspondence: M. S. Teitelbaum, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, 630 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10111. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30725 Toth, Judith. Changing refugee policy in Hungary. Migration World, Vol. 20, No. 2, 1992. 10-3 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
Recommendations made in 1991 by Hungary's Interdepartmental Committee on Migration regarding refugee policy and asylum law are outlined. The need for a comprehensive policy to regulate such migration is stressed.
Correspondence: J. Toth, Hungarian Office of Refugee Affairs, Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30726 United Kingdom. Home Office (London, England). Control of immigration: statistics. United Kingdom, 1988. ISBN 0-10-107262-7. [1989]. iv, 79 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This is the latest in a series of annual publications providing data on immigration to the United Kingdom. It presents a series of tables on immigration, including retrospective data, with the most recent data being for 1988. The data concern immigrants by nationality, place of birth, and sex.
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: New York University Law Library, New York, NY.

58:30727 United States. General Accounting Office [GAO] (Washington, D.C.). Immigration control. Immigration policies affect INS detention efforts. Pub. Order No. GAO/GGD-92-85. Jun 1992. 61 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) policy and practices are examined, with a focus on "the implementation of INS criteria and priorities governing alien detention and length of detention to determine the basis on which INS detains aliens." The report concludes that the INS does not have sufficient detention capacity, and that programs to keep unwanted migrants from entering the United States have not worked. It is also noted that detention duration differs among aliens and that "unless the programs designed to prevent aliens from illegally entering the country and to remove those who have no legal basis to remain here are made more effective, INS has little hope of detaining any more than a small fraction of the criminal and other aliens meeting its...criteria."
Correspondence: U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C. 20548. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30728 Zolberg, Aristide R. Labour migration and international economic regimes: Bretton Woods and after. In: International migration systems: a global approach, edited by Mary M. Kritz, Lin Lean Lim, and Hania Zlotnik. 1992. 315-34 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The prevailing pattern and the foundations of immigration policies in receiving countries are described. "It will be argued in this chapter that these policies were founded on a common doctrine, and implemented individually but with some international concertation as a mechanism to resolve tensions between the requirements of domestic management and external economic performance. Those policies were cast, however, against a restrictive baseline established in the late nineteenth century." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: A. R. Zolberg, New School for Social Research, Department of Political Science, 66 West 12th Street, New York, NY 10011. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.