Volume 58 - Number 3 - Fall 1992

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

58:30659 Anderson, Michael. The social implications of demographic change. In: People and their environment, edited by F. M. L. Thompson. Cambridge Social History of Britain 1750-1950, Vol. 2, ISBN 0-521-25789-1. LC 89-9840. 1990. 1-70 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The author describes changes in demographic behavior in the United Kingdom during the period 1750-1950. He identifies "the principal changes...which, in one way or another, set a context for, raised opportunities for, or constrained other aspects of social life in the 200 years covered by this volume." Consideration is given to population movement; deaths, births, and marriages; and the household.
Correspondence: M. Anderson, University of Edinburgh, Department of Economic History, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30660 Ejizu, Christopher I. Religio-cultural issues in population growth in Nigeria. Africana Marburgensia, Vol. 23, No. 2, 1990. 36-47 pp. Marburg, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of religion and religious beliefs on fertility, family size, and contraception acceptance in Nigeria. After a brief discussion of the effects of Nigeria's high fertility on its infrastructure and the standard of living of its population, the belief systems of tribal religions, Islam, and Christianity concerning sexuality and fertility are explored. Difficulties in formulating population policies that are acceptable to these religious groups and that will lower fertility are also described.
Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

58:30661 Laslett, Peter. A fresh map of life: the emergence of the Third Age. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-674-32327-0. LC 90-47101. 1991. xiii, 213 pp. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
Trends in demographic aging in developed countries are described, with a focus on the growing importance of the population entering the Third Age, defined here as the period between retirement and senescence, usually from ages 55 to 85. Consideration is given to the increase in the numbers and the improvements in the health status of this cohort and their effect on modern society. The primary geographical focus is on the United Kingdom, with consideration given to developed countries as a whole.
Correspondence: Harvard University Press, 79 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

58:30662 Khalidi, Noor A. Afghanistan: demographic consequences of war, 1978-1987. Central Asian Survey, Vol. 10, No. 3, 1991. 101-26 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In this paper, I attempt to analyse the effects of war on the size and age-sex structure of the Afghan population, and to estimate the size of the Afghan population in Afghanistan by age and sex for the years 1978-1987. In doing so, I try to estimate the number of persons killed during the war and examine the validity of the available estimates." The analysis is based on data from the 1979 census, a 1987 survey, and other sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

58:30663 Neville, J.; Douglas, H.; Compton, Peter A. The Northern Ireland-Irish Republic boundary. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1992. 215-26 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The authors describe the demographic situation in the northern part of Ireland surrounding the creation of the international frontier between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland in 1921. The subsequent economic, social, and demographic impacts of this frontier are also considered.
Correspondence: J. Neville, Queen's University, School of Geosciences, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30664 Pampel, Fred C.; Adams, Paul. Demographic change and public support for children: family allowance expenditure in advanced industrial democracies. Population Program Working Paper, No. WP-91-5, Jun 1991. 32, [4] pp. University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Science, Population Program: Boulder, Colorado. In Eng.
"This paper addresses debates over the fortunes of children in aging societies by examining with cross-national data the impact of demographic change and political structures on...government expenditure for family allowances. We argue that the political context within individual nations shapes the effect population aging has on family allowance transfers and we examine the additive and interactive influence of demographic and political variables on spending for 18 advanced industrial democracies from 1960 to 1980."
Correspondence: University of Colorado, Institute of Behavioral Science, Population Program, Boulder, CO 80309. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30665 Renard, Jean-Pierre. Populations and borders: problems and methods. [Populations et frontieres: problematiques et methodes.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1992. 167-84 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Worldwide demographic and other effects of both geographic and political national borders are explored.
Correspondence: J.-P. Renard, Universite de Lille 1, U.F.R. de Geographie, Batiment 2, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30666 Skeldon, Ronald. Emigration and the future of Hong Kong. Pacific Affairs, Vol. 63, No. 4, Winter 1990-1991. 500-23 pp. Vancouver, Canada. In Eng.
"Emigration is not new from Hong Kong but its volume is presently at an all-time high. This paper examines whether this exodus is in response to the return of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in 1997. While the impending transfer is clearly one factor, there are more important reasons to be found in the policies of potential destination countries and in those conditions which are giving rise to an increase in the movement of Chinese peoples throughout Asia. The characteristics of the emigrants are biased towards the upper end of the educational and occupational spectrum. The loss of these personnel to the local economy may cause short-term problems in particular sectors but Hong Kong's long-term viability is more likely to be associated with the potential for regional development in the Pearl River delta as a whole than with the outflow of population."
Correspondence: R. Skeldon, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30667 Weintraub, Sidney. North American free trade and the European situation compared. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 2, Summer 1992. 506-24 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The author analyzes and compares the trade situation in the European Community (EC) with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). He finds that "while both the EC and NAFTA are designed to provide trade preferences to the member countries, the two groupings differ markedly in other respects. The Treaty of Rome, establishing what is now the EC, consciously used economic means to foster political cohesion in Western Europe; whereas, the NAFTA negotiations seek free trade rather than more comprehensive economic integration precisely to minimize political content. The EC contains many social provisions absent from the NAFTA discussions, the most important of which is the right of migration from one EC country to another." The effects of NAFTA on the economy of Mexico and on Mexican migration to the United States are also assessed.
Correspondence: S. Weintraub, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-1088. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

58:30668 Bateman, O. Massee; Smith, Shelley. A comparison of the health effects of water supply and sanitation in urban and rural Guatemala. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,505-24 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The authors examine three policy-related issues concerning the health impact of improved water supply and sanitation. They are the relative weight of factors such as water quality, water quantity and access, sanitation, and hygiene behavior change; differences between rural and urban areas; and community-level factors as opposed to individual factors. These issues are explored using DHS data for Guatemala.
Correspondence: S. Smith, U.S. Agency for International Development, 320 21st Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20523. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30669 Cliff, A. D.; Smallman-Raynor, M. R. The AIDS pandemic: global geographical patterns and local spatial processes. Geographical Journal, Vol. 158, No. 2, Jul 1992. 182-98 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The authors analyze data from a computer database maintained at the University of Cambridge on the geographic origins and incidence of the AIDS pandemic. "This information permits a reconstruction of the documented diffusion corridors by which HIV-1 and HIV-2 have spread around the world from their original infection heartlands. These intercontinental diffusion patterns are contrasted with evidence regarding local HIV spread processes in Central Africa. The analysis suggests that the historical association between soldiers, prostitute contact and sexually-transmitted diseases explains the current geographical distribution of clinical AIDS in one country of the region, Uganda. The potential economic impact of the disease to the year 2000 is considered in the light of these results."
Correspondence: A. D. Cliff, University of Cambridge, Department of Geography, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30670 Corman, Hope; Kaestner, Robert. The effects of child health on marital status and family structure. Demography, Vol. 29, No. 3, Aug 1992. 389-408 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence on the effect of child health on marital stability and family structure in an economic framework. We use the 1988 [U.S.] National Health Interview Survey's Child Health Supplement, with a sample of about 9,000 families, to test whether having an unhealthy child decreases the mother's chance of being married and whether it increases her chance of living in a extended family. Using two different measures of child health, we find that having an unhealthy child decreases the mother's likelihood of being married. Our results imply that children in poor health are more likely to face obstacles beyond their illness because they also are more likely to suffer the consequences of poverty and the poor schooling outcomes that result from being raised in a female-headed household. The only mitigating factor is that unhealthy white children are more likely than their healthy counterparts to be living in an extended family."
Correspondence: H. Corman, Rider College, Lawrenceville, NJ 08648-3099. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30671 Desai, Sonalde. Children at risk: the role of family structure in Latin America and West Africa. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 999-1,019 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper examined differences in child nutrition across different family structures in north-east Brazil, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Ghana, Mali and Senegal. Data used in this paper were collected in the first round of the Demographic and Health Surveys....This paper argues that...before applying [economic] models to the family systems in different socio-cultural contexts it is necessary to examine the applicability of a number of assumptions contained in these models....Results suggest that although parents care about the welfare of their children, their level of altruism varies across different types of families and seems to depend on culturally acceptable practices. Additionally, household composition and relationships among household members affects child nutrition in a variety of ways."
Correspondence: S. Desai, Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30672 Diamond, Ian; Gaminiratne, K. H. W.; Matthews, Zoe; McDonald, John W.; Streatfield, Kim. The demographic impact of increased immunisation: an initial evaluation. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,475-504 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper suggests an approach towards isolating the demographic effects of recent improved immunisation programmes in two developing countries: Sri Lanka and Ghana, and considers the implications of the resulting reductions in mortality for the early 21st century populations in those countries. Economic stagnation in both countries over the last decade has provided a background against which the mortality reductions attributable to health improvements may be isolated more easily. The 1985 measles campaign in Ghana and the earlier Sri Lankan neonatal tetanus programme are chosen for the focus of analysis."
Correspondence: I. Diamond, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO9 4XY, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30673 Elliott, Barbara A. Birth order and health: major issues. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 4, Aug 1992. 443-52 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
A review of recent literature on the relationship between birth order and child health is presented. The author concludes that although birth order is not a significant independent variable for the understanding of health outcomes, it can lead to a better understanding of the relationship between the family and health.
For a previous edition, published in 1986, see 55:40454.
Correspondence: B. A. Elliott, University of Minnesota, Department of Behavioral Science, Duluth, MN 55812. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30674 Esrey, Steven A.; Sommerfelt, Elisabeth. Water, sanitation and nutritional status of young children in Sri Lanka. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,525-45 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of incremental improvements in water and sanitation on child nutritional status." Data are from the 1987 Sri Lankan Demographic and Health Survey.
Correspondence: S. A. Esrey, McGill University, 845 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30675 Goisis, Gianandrea. Italian health service: an economic analysis. In: Essays on population economics in memory of Alfred Sauvy, edited by Giuseppe Gaburro and Dudley L. Poston. 1991. 111-20 pp. Casa Editrice Dott. Antonio Milani [CEDAM]: Padua, Italy. In Eng.
The author evaluates the national health care system in Italy. Multiple regression methods are used to estimate production and cost functions. Consideration is also given to number of beds per 1,000 population by region, occupancy rates, length of stay, and personnel per patient.
Correspondence: G. Goisis, Universita degli Studi di Milano, Faculty of Law, Via Festa del Perdono 7, 20122 Milan, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30676 Gribble, James N. AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: summary of a planning meeting. 1992. vii, 20 pp. National Academy Press: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report the Committee on AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa was prepared by the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on Population and the Committee on AIDS Research and the Behavioral, Social, and Statistical Sciences. It is the product of a meeting held on March 5-6, 1992, in Washington, D.C. "The meeting addressed seven major topics: (1) the distribution of HIV and AIDS, (2) modes of transmission, (3) behavior associated with the modes of transmission, (4) the natural history of HIV and AIDS, (5) household responses to HIV and AIDS, (6) AIDS interventions and evaluation, and (7) economic and population consequences of AIDS."
Correspondence: National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20418. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30677 Griffin, Charles C. Health care in Asia: a comparative study of cost and financing. World Bank Regional and Sectoral Studies, ISBN 0-8213-2055-6. LC 92-2216. 1992. xvii, 226 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This study provides an overview of the development of health services in Asia, with a focus on cost and finance issues. It has three main objectives: "to document current patterns of costs, finance, and outcomes in individual Asian countries; to explore linkages between sectoral performance and policy choices; and to identify potential policy options to promote efficient and equitable sectoral development." A chapter is included on demographic aspects, including mortality and infant mortality. Female life expectancy is also examined. Data are from a variety of published and unpublished sources mainly available through the World Bank.
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30678 Johansson, S. Ryan. Measuring the cultural inflation of morbidity during the decline in mortality. Health Transition Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, Apr 1992. 78-89 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
The author replies to an article by James C. Riley concerning Johansson's earlier work on the cultural determinants of the health transition.
For the article by Riley, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: S. R. Johansson, Stanford University, Department of History, Stanford, CA 94305-2024. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30679 Leibson, Cynthia L.; Ballard, David J.; Whisnant, Jack P.; Melton, L. Joseph. The compression of morbidity hypothesis: promise and pitfalls of using record-linked data bases to assess secular trends in morbidity and mortality. Milbank Quarterly, Vol. 70, No. 1, 1992. 127-54 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors examine "the potential of medical-record-linked data bases for cost-effective retrospective investigation of age-specific trends in morbidity....In this article, we will focus on one example: the Rochester [Minnesota] Epidemiology Project (REP). We will describe this data base and then examine its operations to illustrate both its potential and the problems posed by using such data bases to delineate time trends in the association between aging and disease. Finally, we will provide examples of this application, using data generated from REP studies of specific diseases."
Correspondence: C. L. Leibson, Mayo Clinic, Department of Health Sciences Research, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30680 Macintyre, Sally. The effects of family position and status on health. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 4, Aug 1992. 453-64 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper reviews material on (a) the impact of family of origin on health and (b) adult family position on health. Parental divorce is shown to be related to a range of adverse outcomes in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Marriage and parenthood are associated with longevity and good mental and physical health." The primary focus is on studies concerning the United States.
Correspondence: S. Macintyre, MRC Medical Sociology Unit, 6 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30681 Mahadevan, Kuttan. Health education for quality of life. ISBN 81-7018-729-6. 1992. 556 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This book consists of 37 papers by various authors on aspects of health education in India. A section is included on population dynamics and population growth; the nine papers in this section focus on the experiences of China and India in developing population policies and programs.
Correspondence: B. R. Publishing, Registered Office, 29/9, Nangia Park, Shakti Nagar, Delhi 110 007, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30682 Marcil-Gratton, Nicole. Cigarettes and health: decrease in smoking and its effects on the health of tomorrow's elderly. [Cigarette et sante: le recul de l'usage du tabac et son incidence previsible sur la sante des personnes agees de demain.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 1, 1992. 87-103 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"This study is based on data from the Sante Quebec 1987 survey and attempts to establish the links between the [decrease] in smoking in the young generations and the improvement in health conditions for the elderly....The links between the health of aged people nowadays and smoking habits, and relations between the decrease in tobacco consumption and new preventive attitudes [are studied]. This article suggests that the health of aged people will be better in the future than now. Consequently it seems that old people could be then more economically productive."
Correspondence: N. Marcil-Gratton, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, CP 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30683 Mburu, F. M.; Boerma, J. Ties. Maternal and child health services in eastern and southern Africa: progress and prospects. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,455-73 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
DHS data for Botswana, Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe are used to assess the progress and prospects for maternal and child health services. "A comparative analysis of the national achievements of these four countries will be related to the health status of children (mortality, morbidity and nutritional status) and the socioeconomic conditions. Special attention is paid to differentials according to residence (urban and rural) and mother's level of education. In addition, a brief analysis of the health policy and the national commitment to maternal and child health issues is given to interpret the basis for inter-country differences."
Correspondence: F. M. Mburu, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30684 Pol, Louis G.; Thomas, Richard K. The demography of health and health care. Plenum Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis, ISBN 0-306-43981-6. LC 91-45668. 1992. xiv, 381 pp. Plenum Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This book is intended as an introduction to the emerging subdiscipline of health demography. It has been written "for an audience of health care practitioners, academic and private sector demographers, and students in demography and health care administration who wish to know more about how and why demographic conditions (and changes in those conditions) affect the supply and demand for health care, and, conversely, how and why changing health care conditions affect demographic structure. It makes use of data from a variety of sources...." The book includes chapters on health and health care; the language of health care; population size, concentration, and distribution; population composition; fertility; morbidity and mortality; international and internal migration; data sources; the demographic correlates of health status, behavior, and health services utilization; and demographic change and health policy. The primary geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: Plenum Press, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013-1578. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30685 Powles, John. Changes in disease patterns and related social trends. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 4, Aug 1992. 377-87 pp. Elmsford, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
Changing worldwide patterns of disease and mortality are reviewed, with a focus on social change as a major determinant of fertility, morbidity, and mortality. Reasons for the historical decline in fatal infection are discussed. The author also notes the rise of noncommunicable diseases as a major cause of death. He concludes that although the risk of mortality from infection early in life and from chronic diseases throughout the lifespan has been lowered, future problems may arise due to the delayed effects of such current industrial activities as ozone depletion and global warming, and from military actions.
Correspondence: J. Powles, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Department of Community Medicine, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30686 Riley, James C. From a high mortality regime to a high morbidity regime: is culture everything in sickness? Health Transition Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, Apr 1992. 71-89 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
The author comments on an article by S. R. Johansson concerning the cultural determinants of the health transition. He asserts that "Johansson wishes to assign to cultural forces a leading or even an exclusive role without first showing how far changes in behaviour and belief go toward explaining rising sickness rates....Cultural forces may have played a role in prolonging the average duration of sickness episodes, but that role appears to be much smaller than the part played by medical advances, which have deferred death in fatal diseases and in old age, and by the wide-ranging forces that have added new survivors to the population."
For the article by Johansson, published in 1991, see 57:40673.
Correspondence: J. C. Riley, Indiana University, History Department, Bloomington, IN 47405. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30687 Sommerfelt, A. Elisabeth. Comparative analysis of the determinants of children's nutritional status. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 981-98 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to examine differentials in the anthropometric status of young children, using comparable data sets from developing countries....The aim of the study is...to determine which variables retain a significant relationship with the child's nutritional status after controlling for the other variables." The author analyzes DHS data using bivariate and multivariate techniques and assesses the usefulness of each method.
Correspondence: A. E. Sommerfelt, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30688 Thieme, Horst R. Epidemic and demographic interaction in the spread of potentially fatal diseases in growing populations. Mathematical Biosciences, Vol. 111, No. 1, Sep 1992. 99-130 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The spread of a potentially fatal infectious disease is considered in a host population that would increase exponentially in the absence of the disease. Taking into account how the effective contact rate C(N) depends on the population size N, the model demonstrates that demographic and epidemiological conclusions depend crucially on the properties of the contact function C. Conditions are given for the following scenarios to occur: (i) the disease spreads at a lower rate than the population grows and does not modify the population growth rate; [and] (ii) the disease initially spreads at a faster rate than the population grows and lowers the population growth rate in the long run...."
Correspondence: H. R. Thieme, Arizona State University, Department of Mathematics, Tempe, AZ 85287-1804. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

58:30689 Drouard, Alain. The sources of eugenics in France: neo-Malthusianism (1896-1914). [Aux origines de l'eugenisme en France: le neo-malthusianisme (1896-1914).] Population, Vol. 47, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1992. 435-59 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author traces the development of the eugenics movement in France, beginning with the late nineteenth century. He finds many similarities to England's movement, which began much earlier. Consideration is given to objectives shared by the two countries, which focus on population quality rather than quantity. The influence of neo-Malthusianism is also assessed.
Correspondence: A. Drouard, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, URA 100, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30690 United States. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS] (Bethesda, Maryland). Health and demographic characteristics of twin births: United States, 1988. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 21: Data on Natality, Marriage, and Divorce, No. 50, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 92-1928. Jun 1992. iii, 17 pp. Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
"National [U.S.] trends in twin birth incidence by race of child are analyzed for the period 1950-88. Also reviewed are maternal and infant health and demographic characteristics associated with twin delivery for the year 1988."
Correspondence: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.