Volume 58 - Number 3 - Fall 1992

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

58:30045 Grasland, Claude. Population potential, spatial interaction, and borders: from two German states to unification. [Potentiel de population, interaction spatiale et frontieres: des deux Allemagnes a l'unification.] Espace Geographique, Vol. 19-20, No. 3, 1990-1991. 243-54 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The concept of population potential is used to analyze the spatial dynamics of the populations of East and West Germany from 1960 to 1985. Choosing different functions of spatial interaction allows different hypotheses to be drawn up concerning the location of the geographical center of the German people. Diachronic analysis permits the identification of poles of population growth and decline. The author introduces a barrier effect to allow the demographic impact of reunification to be considered.
Correspondence: C. Grasland, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Equipe P.A.R.I.S., 13 rue du Four, 75006 Paris, France. Location: New York Public Library.

58:30046 Ho, Chin-ming. Reexamining the model of population density function: a study of Kaohsiung metropolis. Journal of Population Studies, No. 14, Dec 1991. 59-82 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Chi. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper [tests] both Clark's negative exponential model and Newling's quadratic exponential model [using data for] population densities in districts of Kaohsiung Metropolis [Taiwan]. It proposes four theoretical amendments and supplements to the population density function and the related theories."
Correspondence: C.-m. Ho, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Sun Yat-Sen Center for Policy Studies, Taipei, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30047 Mostert, W. P.; Hofmeyr, B. E.; Kok, P. C. Population redistribution trends in South Africa: 1960-1985. Human Sciences Research Council Report, No. SD-1, ISBN 0-7969-0906-7. LC 91-124716. 1990. 62 pp. Human Sciences Research Council: Pretoria, South Africa. In Eng.
"Trends relating to population redistribution [in South Africa] between 1960 and 1985 are analysed in this report. Analyses of the total South African population as well as of the individual population groups are made. Because population redistribution is to a great extent selective in terms of sex and age, the age structures of the populations in the various magisterial districts are also discussed." Data are from the censuses of 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1985.
Correspondence: Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30048 Pumain, Denise. Spatial analysis and population dynamics. [Analyse spatiale et dynamique des populations.] Congresses et Colloquia, No. 6, ISBN 0-86196-310-5. 1991. 457 pp. John Libbey Eurotext: Montrouge, France; Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Eng; Fre.
This is a selection of papers presented at an interdisciplinary conference entitled European Colloquium of Theoretical and Quantitative Geography, held in Chantilly, France, in September 1989. The focus of the selected papers, which are in English or French, is on spatial analysis and population dynamics. The 31 works are divided into four sections, three of which concentrate on spatial analysis while another examines migration and spatial interaction models. There is no overall geographical focus, but several papers deal with European countries.
Correspondence: John Libbey Eurotext, 13 Smiths Yard, Summerley Street, London SW18 4HR, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

58:30049 Berry, Brian J. L. Urbanization. In: The earth as transformed by human action: global and regional changes in the biosphere over the past 300 years, edited by B. L. Thomas et al. ISBN 0-521-36357-8. LC 89-22362. 1990. 103-19 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
Global trends in urbanization during the period 1700-1990 are analyzed and compared. Separate sections consider urbanization and economic growth, city size for selected cities, annual growth rates, urbanization levels, and environmental effects. Some projections for the future are included.
Correspondence: B. J. L. Berry, University of Texas at Dallas, School of Social Sciences, Richardson, TX 75083-0688. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30050 den Dulk, C. J.; van de Stadt, H.; Vliegen, J. M. A new measure for degree of urbanization: the address density of the surrounding area. [Een nieuwe maatstaf voor stedelijkheid: de omgevingsadressendichtheid.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 7, Jul 1992. 14-27 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
A new method of measuring the degree of urbanization of a given area, developed by the Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics, is introduced. "The measure classifies areas according to what is called address density of the surroundings: the average address density within a radius of 1 km of an address in the area." The advantages are discussed, and the measure is used to classify the 647 municipalities in the Netherlands into five groups according to urbanization level.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30051 Dendrinos, Dimitrios S.; Rosser, J. Barkley. Fundamental issues in nonlinear urban population dynamic models: theory and a synthesis. Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 26, No. 2, 1992. 135-45 pp. Secaucus, New Jersey/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"The main purpose of this paper is to examine certain basic similarities between three nonlinear models of urban dynamics which appeared in [1980], and seem to be driven by somewhat different mechanisms....By looking at their implicit assumptions we set the stage for addressing certain fundamental premises underlying the process of urban growth or decline. Searching for these fundamental assumptions permits the construction of a comprehensive-unifying theory of urban population dynamics placing urban evolution squarely within the domain of evolutionary theory."
Correspondence: D. S. Dendrinos, University of Kansas, Transportation Center, Urban and Transportation Dynamics Laboratory, 2011 Learned Hall, Lawrence, KS 66045. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

58:30052 Guldin, Gregory E. Urbanizing China. Contributions in Asian Studies, No. 2, ISBN 0-313-26813-4. LC 91-24837. 1992. xi, 256 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"This book focuses on the question of whether China can now be considered urbanized. The [eight] authors...consider the degree to which the town-country dichotomy has been obliterated in the China of the 1980s and 1990s. They collectively address China's past and continuing transformation, the multiple factors influencing the urbanization of Chinese society, and the strengths and weaknesses of China's transformation. The work is interdisciplinary, with contributors from the fields of sociology, geography, anthropology, and urban planning."
Correspondence: Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30053 Kiani, M. Framurz; Siyal, H. B. Dimensions of urban growth in Pakistan. Pakistan Development Review, Vol. 30, No. 4, Pt. 2, Winter 1991. 681-91 pp. Islamabad, Pakistan. In Eng.
"The objectives of the present study are: to analyse the trends and variations in urban growth [in Pakistan]; to decompose the components of urban growth and analyse which component has contributed more to urban growth; and to analyse some of the implications of urban growth." Data are from official and other published sources and concern the period from 1951 to 1985, with some projections to the year 2000.
Correspondence: M. F. Kiani, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, P.O. Box 1091, Islamabad, Pakistan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30054 Kunzmann, Klaus R.; Wegener, Michael. The pattern of urbanization in Western Europe. Ekistics, Vol. 58, No. 350-351, Sep-Dec 1991. 282-91 pp. Athens, Greece. In Eng.
This report "presents major trends and changes in the urban system in Europe over the last thirty years (1960-1990). It examines the present state of urbanization and considers the cycles and dynamics of urban development, urban growth and urban decline and describes current and future issues of urban development in the twelve countries of the European Community, including the united Germany, and in Austria and Switzerland."
Correspondence: K. R. Kunzmann, Universitat Dortmund, Institute of Spatial Planning, August-Schmidt-Strasse, Postfach 500500, 4600 Dortmund-Eichlinghofen, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

58:30055 Morocco. Direction de la Statistique. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques [CERED] (Rabat, Morocco). Migration and urbanization in Morocco (the large cities). [Migration et urbanisation au Maroc (les grandes villes).] Mar 1992. 56, [3] pp. Rabat, Morocco. In Fre.
This study is concerned with the rural exodus and urbanization in Morocco. The characteristics of places of migrant origin are first analyzed. Next, urban migrants in the major cities are analyzed by place of origin. Characteristics of migrant areas within the major cities are then examined. Finally, the policy options that could mitigate the deleterious effects of the rural exodus and prevent uncontrolled urban growth are reviewed.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques, B.P. 178, Charii Maa El Ainain, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30056 Peterson, George E.; Kingsley, G. Thomas; Telgarsky, Jeffrey P. Urban economies and national development. Policy and Research Series, 1991. iv, 73 pp. U.S. Agency for International Development [AID], Office of Housing and Urban Programs: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report "focuses on the relationships between the urbanization process and national economic development. The study is based on original field work, a review of recent analytical literature, and on the results of three seminars organized by the Urban Institute for USAID....The first chapter...explains why many developing nations (along with international donors) have changed their view on the role of urbanization in the development process. Most are now coming to see urban growth more as a positive opportunity than a problem. The chapter also offers an economic framework for analyzing urban size and efficiency. The next chapter considers the relationships between urban development and macroeconomic policy by focusing on the effects of the structural adjustment programs of the past decade. A special section looks in depth at the linkages between urban housing finance and macroeconomic policies. The third chapter explores urban economic development from the local perspectives....The implications of the study's findings for policy and research are discussed in the final chapter."
Correspondence: USAID Development Information Services Clearinghouse, AID/DISC, 1500 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 1010, Arlington, VA 22209-2404. Location: East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, HI.

58:30057 Rakowski, Witold; Gocal, Teresa. Socio-demographic and spatial structures within commuting range of Warsaw. [Struktura przestrzenna i demograficzno-spoleczna osob dojezdzajacych do pracy do Warszawy.] Biuletyn IGS, Vol. 32, No. 3, 1989. 92-116, 352-3, 358 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Using official data for 1983, the authors describe the geographic and socioeconomic zones of influence that the city of Warsaw, Poland, exerts on surrounding areas. Special attention is paid to the effects of commuting for work to and from the city on regional labor markets. Some demographic characteristics of commuters are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30058 Strohmeier, Klaus P.; Matthiessen, Christian W. Innovation and urban population dynamics: a multi-level process. Avebury Urban Europe Series, ISBN 1-85628-143-4. LC 92-11704. 1992. vii, 310 pp. Avebury: Brookfield, Vermont/Aldershot, England. In Eng.
This is an interdisciplinary study of urban population dynamics in Europe over the past two centuries. "The first three chapters dealing with urban population change in a long-term perspective, all written by geographers, describe, classify, and explain population trends based on overall population figures and those few socio-economic aggregate indicators available in long-term analysis. The following section dealing with the post-war period in Europe...presents research reports analysing aggregate data in a spatially more differentiated mode...supplemented by case study evidence. This second section [presents]...contributions from geography, demography and sociology. In the third section spatial population processes are studied explicitly taking the perspective of the individual. The microbehavioural background of urban population dynamics is [also] examined....The book concludes with theoretical chapters introducing 'multi-level analysis'...integrating theoretical perspective for the study of urban population dynamics in the long as well as the short run."
Correspondence: Avebury, Ashgate Publishing, Gower House, Croft Road, Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR, England. Location: New York Public Library.

58:30059 Sutton, G. F.; Kindahl, J. K.; Nakosteen, R. A. Metropolitan area population change due to economy-induced migration: measures. In: American Statistical Association, 1988 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. 1988. 151-5 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"We address in this paper some problems in the methodology of estimating the effects of migration in (a) the community--in general metropolitan areas--where (b) our concerns are focused upon economic-population interrelationships." Data are from the period 1950-1980 and concern four U.S. cities in Texas, Georgia, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island.
Correspondence: G. F. Sutton, University of Massachusetts, Department of Sociology, Amherst, MA 01003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

58:30060 Dahmann, Donald C.; Dacquel, Laarni T. Residents of farms and rural areas: 1990. Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 457, Mar 1992. iv, 38, [23] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents a statistical portrait of the farm resident and rural area populations of the United States as of 1990....The text focuses on the farm and nonfarm populations; detailed tables include comparable information on residents of nonfarm rural areas, rural areas, and urban areas as well."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30061 Nemeth, Zsolt. Changing functions of settlements. [Telepulesek valtozo funkcioban.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 70, No. 3, Mar 1992. 223-41 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Population decrease in rural villages in Hungary over the past 30 years is examined. Some reasons for the decreases are then described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.