Volume 58 - Number 3 - Fall 1992

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

58:30001 Bratton, Susan P. Six billion and more: human population regulation and Christian ethics. ISBN 0-664-25186-2. LC 91-40419. 1992. 225 pp. Westminster/John Knox Press: Louisville, Kentucky. In Eng.
"The purpose of this book is to introduce Christians to the social, economic, environmental, and spiritual problems created by massive shifts in human numbers and to develop a Christian ethical framework for determining 'rights and wrongs' in dealing with human population regulation. The book is...intended to encourage Christians to apply Christian values to population issues at the personal, community, national, and international levels....This volume is also intended to move Christian environmental ethics away from general statements and defenses of biblical creation theology and to direct Christians toward concrete analysis of the most serious threats to human welfare and environmental integrity."
Correspondence: Westminster/John Knox Press, 100 Witherspoon Street, Louisville, KY 40202-1396. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30002 Kurian, George T.; Marti, James. The new book of world rankings. 3rd ed. ISBN 0-8160-1931-2. LC 90-26103. 1991. xxi, 324 pp. Facts on File: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
A compilation of worldwide statistics taken from published sources is used to facilitate international comparisons among countries. Sections are included on vital statistics, including population growth, fertility, and mortality; population dynamics and the family, including population density, urbanization, marriage and divorce, age and sex distribution, households, abortion, and contraceptive usage; race and religion; foreign assistance; economics; labor; housing; health and food, including life expectancy by sex and infant mortality; and education. Brief country profiles are also included.
Correspondence: Facts on File, 460 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10016. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30003 Livi-Bacci, Massimo. A concise history of world population. ISBN 1-55786-269-9. LC 91-36593. 1992. xvi, 220 pp. Blackwell: Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This is a general introduction to the history of the world's population. It covers such topics as "the history of migrations, plagues, wars, fertility transitions, mortality, fecundity, marriage, and family patterns. In its explanation of large-scale population change it is nothing less than a modern recasting of Malthusian theory. From the perspective of the past the author examines recent and present trends: he explains why the populations of rich countries have become stable, while those of poorer countries (especially in Africa) continue to grow exponentially."
This is a translation by Carl Ipsen of the Italian edition, published in 1989.
Correspondence: Blackwell Publishers, 3 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30004 Pande, G. C. Principles of demography. ISBN 81-7041-253-6. 1990. xv, 312 pp. Anmol Publications: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a general introduction to the basic principles of demography. The geographical scope is worldwide, but particular attention is given to aspects of India's demography. In addition to the basic demographic topics of fertility, mortality, and migration, the author examines the relationship between population and development, international activities and demographic research in developing countries, global labor reserves, changes in women's status, and the relationship between child survival and fertility control.
Correspondence: Anmol Publications, 4378/4B Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi 110 002, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30005 United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York). Global population assistance report, 1982-1990. Pub. Order No. 92/34000/E/2000. ISBN 0-89714-114-8. Apr 1, 1992. v, 102 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This Report...[provides] detailed information on the levels, and trends and nature of international population assistance since 1982. The data are based on information which has been...provided by donor governments, U.N. agencies, non-governmental organizations and private foundations...." Separate sections cover the history of international population assistance and the development of population agencies; commitments and expenditures by country, region, and category of use; and future resource requirements. Appendixes present expenditure figures in tabular and map form by nongovernmental organizations, direct donations, and U.N. agencies for individual recipient countries.
Correspondence: United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

58:30006 Astorga Almanza, Luis A. The story of "population" [La invencion de la "poblacion"] Revista Mexicana de Sociologia, Vol. 50, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1988. 135-70 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author presents a historical overview of the discipline of demography, beginning with the etymology of the word. A discussion of why the study of population came to be seen as important and a review of the various demographic schools of thought follow. The author concludes with a presentation of some modern approaches, including neo-Malthusianism. The geographical scope is worldwide, with some focus on Mexico.
Correspondence: L. A. Astorga Almanza, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30007 Demeny, Paul. Population. In: The earth as transformed by human action: global and regional changes in the biosphere over the past 300 years, edited by B. L. Thomas et al. ISBN 0-521-36357-8. LC 89-22362. 1990. 41-54 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"The aim of the discussion that follows is to present an outline of demographic history in the modern era. The discussion will focus on changes in population size globally and in major regions, and on describing the factors, demographic and social, underlying those changes. Consideartion of nearly 300 years of demographic history bracketed between 1700 and the present can be conveniently divided into two periods of unequal length: one prior to, the other following the end of World War II....The discussion will focus on, first, overall changes in population size and the implied characteristics of demographic growth. Second, using the notion of demographic transition as a frame of reference, it will briefly examine the proximate demographic changes underlying population growth and the factors that explain them. A closing section will comment on likely future demographic developments."
Correspondence: P. Demeny, Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30008 Sadik, Nafis. The state of world population 1991. 1991. 48 pp. United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]: New York, New York. In Eng.
This United Nations Population Fund report examines the state of the world population in 1991 and makes projections to the year 2025. Trends in family planning program accessibility, maternal and child health care programs, and contraceptive technology development are outlined. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

58:30009 Gage, Timothy B.; McCullough, John M.; Weitz, Charles A.; Dutt, James S.; Abelson, Andrew. Demographic studies and human population biology. In: Human population biology: a transdisciplinary science, edited by Michael A. Little and Jere D. Haas. 1989. 45-65 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of current knowledge of human demographic rates and population regulation....This chapter will (1) examine the current estimates of human variation in mortality and fertility, (2) review the environmental and physiological factors affecting fertility, and (3) present a theory of population regulation developed by ecologists and apply it to the data on human populations." Data are for a variety of populations and countries around the world.
Correspondence: T. B. Gage, State University of New York, Department of Anthropology, Albany, NY 12222. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30010 Lesthaeghe, R. The second demographic transition in Western countries: an interpretation. IPD Working Paper, No. 1991-2, 1992. 31, [14] pp. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interuniversity Programme in Demography: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
The author reviews the literature on recent demographic developments in developed countries to ascertain whether the period from 1960 on can be termed a second demographic transition. Consideration is given to changes in values since 1945, fertility trends since the 1960s, the numbers of illegitimate births in 1900 and 1960, recent fertility trends by cohort, and recent changes in age-specific fertility rates. The author concludes that a common theme influencing demographic, and particularly fertility, trends in recent years is the growth of individual autonomy and the individual's right to choose.
Correspondence: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Centrum Sociologie, Interuniversity Programme in Demography, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30011 Tabbarah, Riad. Challenges in Arab demography. Population Bulletin of ESCWA, No. 33, Dec 1988. 3-16 pp. Baghdad, Iraq. In Eng.
The author "examines some of the challenges facing the Arab demographer that require intensive efforts to find suitable solutions. The [paper] consists of four parts. The first part is an overview of the Arab world's population and development resources; the second part presents the main demographic features of the Arab world; the third part reviews the main unorthodox reasons distinguishing population issues in the Arab world from those in the rest of the world; the fourth and last part presents some ideas on the responsibilities of Arab demographers in the face of demographic scientific challenges...."
Correspondence: R. Tabbarah, U.N. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Social Development and Population Division, P.O. Box 27, Baghdad, Iraq. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30012 Totev, Anastas. Major periods in the development of the modern demographic transition. [Osnovni periodi v razvitieto na savremenniya demografski prekhod.] Naselenie, No. 1, 1992. 8-16 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author describes four stages of the demographic transition based on an analysis of population dynamics. The implied geographical scope is worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30013 Totev, Anastas. On the demographic concept of economic inhabitability. [Otnosno demografskoto ponyatie ikonomicheska naselenost.] Naselenie, No. 2, 1992. 5-10 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Concepts surrounding the determinants of carrying capacity and the definition of related terms are discussed. Factors determining the inhabitability of an area, defined here as the degree to which its socioeconomic and occupational structures can absorb active and dependent populations, are outlined. Some policy implications for Bulgaria are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

58:30014 Findlay, Allan M. Population geography. Progress in Human Geography, Vol. 16, No. 1, Mar 1992. 88-97 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author reviews recent changes in population research from a geographical perspective. "The deaths in 1990 of two of France's most distinguished demographers, Alfred Sauvy (1899-1990) and Jean Bourgeois-Pichat (1912-90)...seem an appropriate starting point from which to review progress in population research in the early 1990s....Relative to the lifespans and works of Bourgeois-Pichat and Sauvy, it is possible to discern progress in population studies as a whole and population geography in particular. Advances in technical aspects of measuring mortality, fertility and migration have been most marked, as have attempts to inter-relate these demographic processes. Progress towards explanation of population-related phenomena has been slower. Advances have not been towards building more sophisticated general theories, but towards new and more insightful forms of explanation." The author then summarizes other research literature on fertility, migration, and population subgroups. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: A. M. Findlay, University of Glasgow, Department of Geography and Topographic Science, Applied Population Research Unit, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30015 Leslie, Paul W.; Gage, Timothy B. Demography and human population biology: problems and progress. In: Human population biology: a transdisciplinary science, edited by Michael A. Little and Jere D. Haas. 1989. 15-44 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Our purpose here is to review the role of demography within human population biology, emphasizing the methodological side of the relationship." Consideration is given to indirect estimation techniques, nominative techniques, use of retrospective data, model schedules, and simulation.
Correspondence: P. W. Leslie, State University of New York, Department of Anthropology, Binghamton, NY 13901. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30016 Lieberson, Stanley. A brief introduction to the demographic analysis of culture. Sociology of Culture Section Newsletter, Vol. 6, No. 4, Summer 1992. 21-3 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author describes ways in which demographic models and methods can be used to study cultural processes, and examines the influence of age on cultural development in the United States as an illustration. He concludes that "the linkage between age and cultural patterns is a major influence on the level of cultural change. It also provides a useful tool for inferring other influences on cultural shifts. [Demography provides] powerful models for exploiting these issues."
Correspondence: S. Lieberson, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30017 Little, Michael A.; Haas, Jere D. Human population biology: a transdisciplinary science. ISBN 0-19-505016-9. LC 89-2877. 1989. xiv, 338 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of 15 articles by various authors published as a tribute to biological anthropologist Paul T. Baker. The papers are organized under five headings: demography and population; genetics, epidemiology, and clinical medicine; physiology and the environment; the life cycle; and transdisciplinary approaches to the study of human biology. Aspects of research and methodologies are covered, and some of the work conducted by Baker is described.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:30018 Nam, Charles B. Sociology and demography: ten years later. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. WPS 92-94, [1992]. 11, [2] pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
This is the text of an address presented at the 1992 annual meeting of the Southern Sociological Society. The author discusses the linkages between the disciplines of sociology and demography.
Correspondence: Robert H. Weller, Editor, Working Paper Series, Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

58:30019 Day, Lincoln H.; Rowland, D. T. How many more Australians? The resource and environmental conflicts. Australian Studies, ISBN 0-582-71175-4. LC 88-185535. 1988. xi, 192 pp. Longman Cheshire: Melbourne, Australia. In Eng.
This book is designed as an undergraduate-level textbook. It "examines Australia's demographic future in the context of existing and potential conflicts with the maintenance of resources and the preservation of the environment. Comparisons are drawn between expansionary and conservationist arguments and the chapters, written by leading specialists, provide an integrated perspective on contrasting points of view. There are five sections--on population, resources, the economy, social conditions, and ecological issues--representing the principal areas of debate about population policy for Australia."
Correspondence: Longman Cheshire, Longman House, Kings Gardens, 95 Coventry Street, Melbourne 3205, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30020 Lecaillon, Jean-Didier. Economic demography: an analysis of human resources. [Demographie economique: analyse des ressources humaines.] 2nd ed. ISBN 2-7111-2155-0. 1992. xii, 289 pp. Editions Litec: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a revised edition of an introductory textbook on economic demography. The focus of the revision is on the use of more recent data, including those from the 1990 French census. Emphasis is placed in this edition on the analysis of human resources and empirical data. The geographical scope is worldwide, with particular attention given to France.
For the first edition, published in 1990, see 57:30018.
Correspondence: Editions Litec, 158 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30021 Raymondo, James C. Population estimation and projection: methods for marketing, demographic, and planning personnel. ISBN 0-89930-663-2. LC 91-45709. 1992. x, 208 pp. Quorum Books: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author attempts "to produce a book detailing the major methods of population estimation and population projection in a clear and concise way that would allow the book to serve as a guide or resource for the marketing and planning professionals who are the frequent users of population estimates and projections. At the same time [it should include] sufficient technical detail and background in basic demographic concepts that would make it useful to the working demographer." The primary geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: Quorum Books, Greenwood Publishing Group, 88 Post Road West, Box 5007, Westport, CT 06881. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.